keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Neonatal HIV

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772068/risk-factors-associated-with-preterm-delivery-and-low-delivery-weight-among-hiv-exposed-neonates-in-china
#1
Liming Wang, Hongxin Zhao, Weiping Cai, Jie Tao, Qingxia Zhao, Lijun Sun, Qingbo Fan, Athena P Kourtis, Colin Shepard, Fujie Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) and preterm delivery (PTD) or low delivery weight among pregnant Chinese women with HIV. METHODS: The present retrospective cross-sectional medical chart review enrolled pregnant women with HIV who delivered at five tertiary hospitals in China between January 1, 2009, and December 31, 2014. Generalized linear mixed modeling was used to explore PTD (<37 weeks of pregnancy) and low delivery weight (<2500 g) risk factors...
May 17, 2018: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768662/immersion-in-water-during-labour-and-birth
#2
REVIEW
Elizabeth R Cluett, Ethel Burns, Anna Cuthbert
BACKGROUND: Water immersion during labour and birth is increasingly popular and is becoming widely accepted across many countries, and particularly in midwifery-led care settings. However, there are concerns around neonatal water inhalation, increased requirement for admission to neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), maternal and/or neonatal infection, and obstetric anal sphincter injuries (OASIS). This is an update of a review last published in 2011. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of water immersion during labour and/or birth (first, second and third stage of labour) on women and their infants...
May 16, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759976/missed-opportunities-for-prevention-of-vertical-hiv-transmission-in-canada-1997-2016-a-surveillance-study
#3
Ari Bitnun, Terry Lee, Jason Brophy, Lindy M Samson, Fatima Kakkar, Wendy Vaudry, Ben Tan, Deborah M Money, Joel Singer, Laura J Sauvé, Ariane Alimenti
BACKGROUND: Vertical HIV transmission has declined in Canada, but missed opportunities for prevention continue to occur. We sought to determine the adequacy, and changes over time in adequacy, of uptake of maternal and neonatal antiretroviral therapy for the prevention of vertical HIV transmission, and to determine the vertical transmission rate over time and according to adequacy of antenatal antiretroviral therapy during the combination antiretroviral therapy era in Canada. METHODS: The Canadian Perinatal HIV Surveillance Program collects data annually through retrospective chart review concerning HIV-infected women and their infants...
May 10, 2018: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747664/adverse-effects-in-children-exposed-to-maternal-hiv-and-antiretroviral-therapy-during-pregnancy-in-brazil-a-cohort-study
#4
Adriane M Delicio, Giuliane J Lajos, Eliana Amaral, Fernanda Cavichiolli, Marina Polydoro, Helaine Milanez
BACKGROUND: Antiretroviral therapy (ART) in pregnancy was associated with a drastic reduction in HIV mother-to-child transmission (MTCT), although it was associated with neonatal adverse effects. The aim of this study was to evaluate the neonatal effects to maternal ART. METHODS: This study was a cohort of newborns from HIV pregnant women followed at the CAISM/UNICAMP Obstetric Clinic from 2000 to 2015. The following adverse effects were evaluated: anemia, thrombocytopenia, liver function tests abnormalities, preterm birth, low birth weight and congenital malformation...
May 10, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746453/access-to-syringe-services-programs-kentucky-north-carolina-and-west-virginia-2013-2017
#5
Danae Bixler, Greg Corby-Lee, Scott Proescholdbell, Tina Ramirez, Michael E Kilkenny, Matt LaRocco, Robert Childs, Michael R Brumage, Angela D Settle, Eyasu H Teshale, Alice Asher
The Appalachian region of the United States is experiencing a large increase in hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections related to injection drug use (IDU) (1). Syringe services programs (SSPs) providing sufficient access to safe injection equipment can reduce hepatitis C transmission by 56%; combined SSPs and medication-assisted treatment can reduce transmission by 74% (2). However, access to SSPs has been limited in the United States, especially in rural areas and southern and midwestern states (3). This report describes the expansion of SSPs in Kentucky, North Carolina, and West Virginia during 2013-August 1, 2017...
May 11, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739699/early-antiretroviral-therapy-in-hiv-infected-infants-can-it-lead-to-hiv-remission
#6
REVIEW
Stephanie Shiau, Elaine J Abrams, Stephen M Arpadi, Louise Kuhn
Interventions to prevent mother-to-child HIV transmission have been extremely successful, but new HIV infections continue to occur in infants. Strong evidence indicates that combination antiretroviral therapy (ART) for treatment should be started in HIV-infected infants to prevent early morbidity and mortality. In 2013, the report of the Mississippi baby, who was started on ART within 30 h of life and maintained off-treatment remission for 27 months before HIV was once again detectable, generated renewed interest in very early ART initiation...
May 2018: Lancet HIV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720077/australian-paediatric-surveillance-unit-annual-report-2016
#7
Marie Deverell, Amy Phu, Yvonne Zurynski, Elizabeth Elliott
This report summarises the cases reported to the Australian Paediatric Surveillance Unit (APSU) of rare infectious diseases or rare complications of more common infectious diseases in children. During the calendar year 2016, there were approximately 1500 paediatricians reporting to the APSU and the monthly report card return rate was 90%. APSU continued to provide unique national data on the perinatal exposure to HIV, congenital rubella, congenital cytomegalovirus, neonatal and infant herpes simplex virus, and congenital and neonatal varicella...
September 1, 2017: Communicable Diseases Intelligence Quarterly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709520/ogg1-ser326cys-polymorphism-hiv-obesity-and-air-pollution-exposure-influences-adverse-birth-outcome-susceptibility-within-south-african-women
#8
Samantha M Anderson, Rajen N Naidoo, Prithiksha Ramkaran, Kareshma Asharam, Sheena Muttoo, Anil A Chuturgoon
The global HIV and obesity epidemics are major public health concerns; particularly as both are associated with increased risk of adverse birth outcomes. Despite extensive research, their combined effect, in terms of birth outcomes, has not been investigated. A single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) within 8-oxoguanine glycosylase 1 (OGG1) (Ser326Cys) has been suggested to affect body mass indices and therefore could predispose South African (SA) women to adverse effects of obesity. This study investigated the associations of OGG1 Ser326Cys SNP in relation to HIV and obesity on the susceptibility of low-birthweight (LBW) and pre-term birth (PTB) in SA women exposed to ambient air-pollution living in Durban...
April 27, 2018: Reproductive Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707387/completeness-of-the-road-to-health-booklet-and-road-to-health-card-results-of-cross-sectional-surveillance-at-a-provincial-tertiary-hospital
#9
Harishia Naidoo, Theunis Avenant, Ameena Goga
Background: Accurate record-keeping is important for continuity and quality of care. Completing a child's Road-to-Health Booklet (RTHB), or the older, less detailed, Road-to-Health Card/Chart (RTHC), immediate interpretation thereof and appropriate action facilitates comprehensive care, which could contribute to a decline in child morbidity and mortality. Objective: This study aimed to assess the extent to which healthcare personnel working in catchment clinics of Kalafong Provincial Tertiary Hospital (KPTH), Tshwane district, South Africa, complete HIV-related, sociodemographic, neonatal, growth and immunisation information in the RTHC and/or RTHB...
2018: Southern African Journal of HIV Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29702563/hepatitis-c-in-pregnancy
#10
Pratima Dibba, Rosann Cholankeril, Andrew A Li, Meera Patel, Mariam Fayek, Christy Dibble, Nnenna Okpara, Autumn Hines, Aijaz Ahmed
The prevalence of hepatitis C in pregnancy is as high as 3.6% in large cohorts. The prevalence of hepatitis C acquired by vertical transmission is 0.2% to 0.4% in the United States and Europe. Although screening is not recommended in the absence of certain risk factors, the importance of understanding hepatitis C in pregnancy lies in its association with adverse maternal and neonatal outcomes. There is potential for those infants infected by vertical transmission to develop chronic hepatitis C, cirrhosis or hepatocellular carcinoma...
April 27, 2018: Diseases (Basel)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678190/neonatal-and-congenital-malaria-a-case-series-in-malaria-endemic-eastern-uganda
#11
Peter Olupot-Olupot, Emma I E Eregu, Ketty Naizuli, Julie Ikiror, Linda Acom, Kathy Burgoine
BACKGROUND: Congenital malaria is the direct infection of an infant with malaria parasites from their mother prior to or during birth. Neonatal malaria is due to an infective mosquito bite after birth. Neonatal and congenital malaria (NCM) are potentially life-threatening conditions that are believed to occur at relatively low rates in malaria endemic regions. However, recent reports suggest that the number of NCM cases is increasing, and its epidemiology remains poorly described. NCM can mimic other neonatal conditions and because it is thought to be rare, blood film examinations for malaria are not always routinely performed...
April 20, 2018: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660833/selenium-deficiency-and-pregnancy-outcome-in-pregnant-women-with-hiv-in-lagos-nigeria
#12
Kehinde S Okunade, Olusola F Olowoselu, Gbemisola E Osanyin, Sarah John-Olabode, Sulaimon A Akanmu, Rose I Anorlu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence of maternal selenium deficiency and its effects on pregnancy outcomes in pregnant women with HIV in Lagos, Nigeria. METHODS: The present descriptive cross-sectional study enrolled women aged 15-49 years with HIV who were at 14-26 weeks of a singleton pregnancy and were attending Lagos University Teaching Hospital, Lagos, Nigeria, between August 1, 2016, and April 30, 2017. Participants were selected by consecutive sampling and baseline data were collected through interviews...
April 16, 2018: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642890/physicians-and-nurses-thoughts-and-concerns-about-introducing-neonatal-male-circumcision-in-thailand-a-qualitative-study
#13
Kriengkrai Srithanaviboonchai, Namtip Srirak, Boonlure Pruenglampoo, Kanittha Thaikla, Jiraporn Suwanteerangkul, Jiraporn Khorana, Vipa Danthamrongkul, Suchada Paileeklee, Uraiwan Pattanasattayavong, Deanna E Grimes, Richard M Grimes
BACKGROUND: Neonatal male circumcision (NMC) is an alternative approach to adult male circumcision for HIV prevention. Recent studies found that NMC was rarely performed in Thailand and that most Thai health professionals did not recognize that NMC could reduce the risk of HIV infection and would not want NMC services in their hospitals. This study explored the thoughts and concerns of Thai government health staff regarding the introduction of NMC in government health facilities as a public health measure...
April 11, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629654/reproductive-decision-making-among-postpartum-hiv-infected-women-in-rural-south-africa
#14
Deborah L Jones, Violeta J Rodriguez, Suat Babayigit, Antonio Chahine, Stephen M Weiss, Karl Peltzer
Despite pregnancy spacing recommendations to optimize health outcomes among mothers and neonates, unplanned pregnancy in sub-Saharan Africa is common among women living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) (WLHIV). This study examined factors associated with reproductive decision-making among WLHIV to inform pregnancy-planning interventions. WLHIV in rural South Africa (n = 165) were assessed at 12 months postpartum. The relative importance of factors associated with reproductive decision-making was estimated...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625767/review-of-mathematical-models-of-hsv-2-vaccination-implications-for-vaccine-development
#15
Ian H Spicknall, Katharine J Looker, Sami L Gottlieb, Harrell W Chesson, Joshua T Schiffer, Jocelyn Elmes, Marie-Claude Boily
Development of a vaccine against herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2), a life-long sexually-transmitted infection (STI), would be a major step forward in improving global sexual and reproductive health. In this review, we identified published literature of dynamic mathematical models assessing the impact of either prophylactic or therapeutic HSV-2 vaccination at the population level. We compared each study's model structure and assumptions as well as predicted vaccination impact. We examined possible causes of heterogeneity across model predictions, key gaps, and the implications of these findings for future modelling efforts...
April 3, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625591/neurodevelopmental-assessment-of-hiv-exposed-uninfected-and-early-treated-hiv-infected-children-study-protocol
#16
Renate Strehlau, Tamryn van Aswegen, Joanne Potterton
OBJECTIVE: Sub-Saharan Africa has the highest prevalence of children at risk of not achieving their developmental potential, attributable largely to the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) pandemic coupled with negative environmental factors. Childhood developmental stimulation programmes can mitigate adverse outcomes. METHODS: Neonates testing HIV positive at birth will be initiated on antiretroviral treatment (ART) and receive an age-appropriate stimulation program, updated at 3 monthly intervals through the first year of life...
April 6, 2018: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605419/long-term-oral-atazanavir-attenuates-myocardial-infarction-induced-cardiac-fibrosis
#17
Guanghua Zhang, Xue Zhang, Defang Li, Jingwei Tian, Wanglin Jiang
Atazanavir is an antiretroviral medication used to treat and prevent HIV/AIDS, but its effects on cardiac fibrosis are unknown. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of atazanavir on myocardial infarction (MI)-induced cardiac fibrosis in rats and used a TLR 9 antagonist, hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) to elucidate the potential mechanism in vitro. The results indicated that atazanavir significantly attenuated CoCl2 -induced neonatal rat cardiac fibroblast (rCFs) proliferation in a concentration-dependent manner...
March 29, 2018: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595094/paediatric-hiv-1-infection-updated-strategies-of-prevention-mother-to-child-transmission
#18
Alessandra Lumaca, Luisa Galli, Maurizio de Martino, Elena Chiappini
INTRODUCTION: HIV-1 epidemiology is changing and prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) strategies have been continuously optimized over time. However, the correct management of infected women during pregnancy is crucial for PMTCT and cases of vertical transmission continue to occur. OBJECTIVE: To review the most recent evidence regarding the prevention of MTCT in resource-rich and resource-limited settings, focalizing on new possible approaches. RESULTS: New issues regard the optimal antiretroviral therapy regimen for pregnant women with good immunological control, the use of intrapartum zidovudine (ZDV) in pregnant women with low viral load, the optimization of prophylaxis in the settings where breastfeeding is recommended and use of combined neonatal prophylaxis (CNP) in infants at high-risk for MTCT...
March 29, 2018: Journal of Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582730/safe-water-and-hygiene-integration-with-human-immunodeficiency-virus-and-antenatal-services-leveraging-opportunities-for-public-health-interventions-and-improved-service-uptake
#19
Janell A Routh, Anagha Loharikar, Elly Chemey, Aulive Msoma, Maureen Ntambo, Richard Mvula, Tracy Ayers, Andrews Gunda, Elizabeth T Russo, Beth Tippett Barr, Siri Wood, Robert Quick
Integrating public health interventions with antenatal clinic (ANC) visits may motivate women to attend ANC, thereby improving maternal and neonatal health, particularly for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected persons. In 2009, in an integrated ANC/Preventing Mother-to-Child Transmission program, we provided free hygiene kits (safe storage containers, WaterGuard water treatment solution, soap, and oral rehydration salts) to women at their first ANC visit and refills at subsequent visits. To increase fathers' participation, we required partners' presence for women to receive hygiene kits...
March 26, 2018: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29538464/congenital-cytomegalovirus-parvovirus-and-enterovirus-infection-in-mozambican-newborns-at-birth-a-cross-sectional-survey
#20
Lola Madrid, Rosauro Varo, Sonia Maculuve, Tacilta Nhampossa, Carmen Muñoz-Almagro, Enrique J Calderón, Cristina Esteva, Carla Carrilho, Mamudo Ismail, Begoña Vieites, Vicente Friaza, María Del Carmen Lozano-Dominguez, Clara Menéndez, Quique Bassat
BACKGROUND: Congenital cytomegalovirus (cCMV) infection is the most prevalent congenital infection acquired worldwide, with higher incidence in developing countries and among HIV-exposed children. Less is known regarding vertical transmission of parvovirus B19 (B19V) and enterovirus (EV). We aimed to assess the prevalence of CMV, B19V and EV vertical transmission and compare results of screening of congenital CMV obtained from two different specimens in a semirural Mozambican maternity...
2018: PloS One
keyword
keyword
96583
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"