keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Neonatal HIV

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498182/integrating-hiv-and-maternal-neonatal-and-child-health-services-in-rural-malawi-an-evaluation-of-the-implementation-processes-and-challenges
#1
Andrews Gunda, Aurelie Jousset, Timothy Tchereni, Jessica Joseph, Victor Mwapasa
INTRODUCTION: Introducing Option B+ in Malawi increased antiretroviral therapy coverage among pregnant and breastfeeding women 3 fold. The Promoting Retention among Infants and Mothers Effectively (PRIME) study integrated care of Maternal, Neonatal and Child Health services through a mother-infant pair (MIP) clinic. This article evaluates the implementation processes and challenges health care workers' experienced in implementing these MIP clinics. METHODS: Between May 2013 and August 2016, 20 health facilities implemented MIP clinics...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498181/impact-of-mother-infant-pair-clinics-and-short-text-messaging-service-sms-reminders-on-retention-of-hiv-infected-women-and-hiv-exposed-infants-in-emtct-care-in-malawi-a-cluster-randomized-trial
#2
Victor Mwapasa, Jessica Joseph, Timothy Tchereni, Aurelie Jousset, Andrews Gunda
BACKGROUND: Poor retention of mothers and HIV-exposed infants (HEIs) in HIV care threatens efforts to eliminate pediatric HIV. Novel strategies are required to address this challenge. We compared 12-month maternal and HEI postpartum retention in health facilities implementing the following HIV care delivery models: integrated HIV and maternal, neonatal, and child health services [mother-infant pair (MIP) clinics], MIP clinics plus short-text messaging service (SMS) reminders to prevent default (MIP + SMS), and standard of care (SOC)...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493473/dysregulation-of-mitochondrial-bioenergetics-and-quality-control-by-hiv-1-tat-in-cardiomyocytes
#3
Farzaneh G Tahrir, Santhanam Shanmughapriya, Taha Mohseni Ahooyi, Tijana Knezevic, Manish K Gupta, Christopher D Kontos, Joseph M McClung, Muniswamy Madesh, Jennifer Gordon, Arthur M Feldman, Joseph Y Cheung, Kamel Khalili
Cardiovascular disease remains a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in HIV positive patients, even in those whose viral loads are well controlled with antiretroviral therapy. However, the underlying molecular events responsible for the development of cardiac disease in the setting of HIV remain unknown. The HIV encoded Tat protein plays a critical role in the activation of HIV gene expression and profoundly impacts homeostasis in both HIV infected cells and uninfected cells that have taken up released Tat via a bystander effect...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489732/assessment-of-nevirapine-prophylactic-and-therapeutic-dosing-regimens-for-neonates
#4
Tim R Cressey, Baralee Punyawudho, Sophie Le Coeur, Gonzague Jourdain, Chalermpong Saenjum, Edmund Capparelli, Kanokwan Jittayanun, Siriluk Phanomcheong, Anita Luvira, Thitiporn Borkird, Achara Puangsombat, Leon Aarons, Pra-Ornsuda Sukrakanchana, Saik Urien, Marc Lallemant
BACKGROUND: Nevirapine (NVP) is a key component of antiretroviral prophylaxis and treatment for neonates. We evaluated current WHO weight-band NVP prophylactic dosing recommendations and investigated optimal therapeutic NVP dosing for neonates. METHODS: The PHPT-5 study in Thailand assessed the efficacy of 'Perinatal Antiretroviral Intensification' to prevent mother-to-child transmission of HIV in women with <8 weeks of antiretroviral treatment before delivery (NCT01511237)...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462680/does-placental-mdsc-mediated-modulation-of-arginine-levels-help-protect-the-foetus-from-auxotrophic-pathogens
#5
Abdul Qader Tahir Ismail
Myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) are immunosuppressive precursors of dendritic cells, macrophages and granulocytes. MDSCs normally quickly differentiate, but have elevated levels in chronic infection and cancer, where they help tumours evade the immune system through induction of T-cell dysfunction. MDSC levels are also raised in pregnancy, and in the neonate. During pregnancy they may help to prevent maternal rejection of the semiallogenic foetus. In the immediate postnatal period they may aid in allowing tolerance of gut microbiological colonisation and non-pathological environmental antigens...
May 2, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452911/the-effect-of-hiv-centered-obstetric-care-on-perinatal-outcomes-among-a-cohort-of-women-living-with-hiv
#6
Anna M Powell, Julia M DeVita, Amartha Ogburu-Ogbonnaya, Andrea Peterson, Gweneth B Lazenby
BACKGROUND: Elimination of perinatal transmission is possible but limited by missed care opportunities. Our objective was to investigate the effects of HIV-centered obstetric care (HCC) on missed care opportunities and perinatal HIV transmission in two obstetric cohorts at our institution from 2000-2014. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study of HIV-exposed mother-infant pairs delivering from 2000-2014, analyzed according to SQUIRE 2.0 (Standards for Quality Improvement Reporting Excellence) guidelines...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406596/improving-early-identification-of-hiv-infected-neonates-with-birth-pcr-testing-in-a-large-urban-hospital-in-johannesburg-south-africa-successes-and-challenges
#7
Karl-Günter Technau, Louise Kuhn, Ashraf Coovadia, Sergio Carmona, Gayle Sherman
INTRODUCTION: Timely diagnosis is necessary to avert early death in HIV-infected neonates. Birth PCR testing may improve early identification and facilitate access to care. We implemented a birth HIV diagnosis programme in Johannesburg, South Africa and present successes and challenges of the first two and a half years of operation. METHODS: Between June 2014 and December 2016, we sought to identify all HIV-exposed births and offer newborn HIV PCR testing before discharge after delivery...
April 10, 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396556/pregnancy-outcomes-in-association-with-stds-including-genital-hsv-2-shedding-in-a-south-african-cohort-study
#8
Dhayendre Moodley, Benn Sartorius, Savithree Madurai, Vani Chetty, Suzanne Maman
OBJECTIVES: Genital herpes simplex virus-2 (HSV-2) shedding in pregnant women in association with neonatal herpes infection has been widely studied but there is limited evidence of its association with pregnancy outcomes. METHODS: In this retrospective observational study, we included a subgroup of pregnant women who were enrolled in a randomized control behavioural intervention study that was conducted in South Africa in 2008-2010. In pregnancy, women had a HIV rapid test done and a genital swab taken to test for curable STIs and HSV-2 DNA...
April 10, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394273/hippocampal-neuronal-loss-in-infant-macaques-orally-infected-with-virulent-simian-immunodeficiency-virus-siv
#9
Heather Carryl, Koen K A Van Rompay, Kristina De Paris, Mark W Burke
The neurological impact of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) on children includes loss of brain growth, motor abnormalities and cognitive dysfunction. Despite early antiretroviral treatment (ART) intervention to suppress viral load, neurological consequences of perinatal HIV-1 infection persist. Utilizing the pediatric simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) infection model, we tested the hypothesis that early-life SIV infection depletes neuronal population in the hippocampus. A total of 22 ART-naïve infant rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta) from previous studies were retrospectively analyzed...
April 10, 2017: Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391635/prevalence-and-vertical-transmission-of-human-pegivirus-among-pregnant-women-infected-with-hiv
#10
Lucas M Santos, Rubens C Lobato, Maria Fernanda M Barral, Carla V Gonçalves, Vanusa P da Hora, Ana Maria B Martinez
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of human pegivirus (HPgV) and factors associated with vertical transmission among pregnant women infected with HIV. METHOD: A retrospective cross-sectional study was conducted among pregnant women treated at an HIV reference service in Rio Grande, Brazil, between January 1, 2010, and January 1, 2015. The polymerase chain reaction was used to diagnose HPgV infection among the women and their neonates. Clinical, obstetric, and neonatal data were obtained from medical records...
April 8, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374653/mother-to-child-hiv-transmissions-in-israel-1985-2011
#11
Z Mor, R Sheffer, D Chemtob
Mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) is the leading cause of paediatric HIV-infection in Israel. This study aimed to assess MTCT rates and analyse temporal changes in relation to highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) introduction in 1996. This historical prospective study included all HIV-infected women who delivered in Israel between 1988 and 2011. Demographic, clinical, laboratory and therapy characteristics were compared between HIV-infected newborns with all others, and between infants born before and after 1996...
April 4, 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325171/pregnancy-and-neonatal-outcomes-among-a-cohort-of-hiv-infected-women-in-a-large-italian-teaching-hospital-a-30-year-retrospective-study
#12
S Grignolo, R Agnello, D Gerbaldo, C Gotta, C Alicino, F Del Puente, L Taramasso, B Bruzzone, C Gustavino, S Trasino, A DE Maria, G Icardi, C Viscoli, A DI Biagio
The primary study objective was to investigate three decades from 1985 to 2014 of changes in pregnancies among HIV-infected women. The secondary objective was to assess risk factors associated with preterm delivery and severe small-for-gestational-age (SGA) infants in HIV-infected women. A retrospective review of deliveries among pregnant HIV-infected women at the University of Genoa and IRCCS San Martino-IST in Genoa between 1985 and 2014 was performed. Univariate and multivariable analyses were used to study the variables associated with neonatal outcomes...
March 22, 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304326/group-b-streptococcus-colonization-and-hiv-in-pregnancy-a-cohort-study-in-nigeria
#13
R Biobaku Oluwafunmilola, O Olaleye Atinukek, F Adefusi Olorunwa, A Adeyemi Babalola, O Onipede Anthony, M Loto Olabisi, O Imaralu John
BACKGROUND: Group B streptococcus (GBS) is a leading cause of maternal and neonatal infectious morbidity. HIV is prevalent among pregnant women in Nigeria. AIM: To determine the rates of anogenital GBS colonization in our institution and compare GBS colonization rates between HIV positive and negative pregnant women. METHODS: A cross-sectional comparative study was conducted over 6 months. Patients were separated according to their HIV status: positive and negative...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Neonatal-perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291053/safety-of-tenofovir-disoproxil-fumarate-based-antiretroviral-therapy-regimens-in-pregnancy-for-hiv-infected-women-and-their-infants-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
Jean B Nachega, Olalekan A Uthman, Lynne M Mofenson, Jean R Anderson, Steve Kanters, Francoise Renaud, Nathan Ford, Shaffiq Essajee, Meg C Doherty, Edward J Mills
BACKGROUND: There are limited data on adverse effects of tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF)-based antiretroviral therapy (ART) on pregnant women and their infants. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review of studies published between January 1980 and January 2017 that compared adverse outcomes in HIV-infected women receiving TDF- vs. non-TDF-based ART during pregnancy. The relative risk for associations was pooled using a fixed-effects model. RESULTS: Sixteen studies met study inclusion criteria...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277349/missed-opportunities-for-prevention-of-mother-to-child-transmission-of-human-immunodeficiency-virus
#15
Gwendolyn B Scott, Susan B Brogly, Daniel Muenz, Alice M Stek, Jennifer S Read
OBJECTIVE: To identify missed opportunities for prevention of mother-to-child transmission of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). METHODS: Data regarding HIV-infected children born between 2002 and 2009 to HIV-infected women enrolled in the U.S. International Maternal Pediatric Adolescent AIDS Clinical Trials prospective cohort study (protocol P1025) were reviewed. The characteristics of the HIV-infected infants and their mothers and the mothers' clinical management are described...
April 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266230/the-introduction-of-syphilis-point-of-care-tests-in-resource-limited-settings
#16
Michael Marks, David Cw Mabey
Syphilis remains an important and preventable cause of stillbirth and neonatal mortality. About 1 million women with active syphilis become pregnant each year. Without treatment, 25% of them will deliver a stillborn baby and 33% a low birth weight baby with an increased chance of dying in the first month of life. Adverse pregnancy outcomes due to syphilis can be prevented by screening pregnant women, and treating those who test positive with a single dose of penicillin before 28 weeks' gestation. Areas covered: This manuscript covers the impact of syphilis on pregnancy outcome, the diagnosis of syphilis, with a special focus on point of care (POC) tests, and challenges to the introduction of POC tests, and their potential impact on the control and prevention of syphilis in resource limited settings...
March 14, 2017: Expert Review of Molecular Diagnostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262553/global-health-ethics-the-case-of-maternal-and-neonatal-survival
#17
REVIEW
Frank W J Anderson, Timothy R B Johnson, Raymond de Vries
Through their Sustainable Development Goals the United Nations recognizes the moral significance of health, stating that the elimination of maternal and early neonatal mortality are health outcomes that should be available to all women in the world. Complete prevention requires addition of a skill set for maternal care teams that is a magnitude greater than what we have today. As universities, individuals, institutions and NGO's engage in initiatives to end preventable maternal and neonatal mortality, an expanded context of ethical imperatives becomes increasingly important...
February 10, 2017: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258582/maternal-and-neonatal-outcomes-among-women-with-hiv-infection-and-their-infants-in-malawi
#18
Michelle S Chevalier, Caroline C King, Sascha Ellington, Jeffrey Wiener, Dumbani Kayira, Charles S Chasela, Denise J Jamieson, Athena P Kourtis
OBJECTIVE: To describe maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality among women with HIV infection and their infants. METHODS: A secondary analysis was undertaken of data obtained in the BAN Study, a trial of postnatal antiretrovirals among pregnant women with HIV infection enrolled in 2004-2010. Mothers and infants had 13 scheduled visits through 48 weeks of follow-up. Serious maternal morbidity and mortality were examined at delivery (n=2791), from delivery to 6 weeks later (n=2369) and from 7 to 48 weeks (n=1980)...
June 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257809/the-global-health-impact-of-vaginal-dysbiosis
#19
Janneke H H M van de Wijgert, Vicky Jespers
The most common dysbiosis of the vaginal microbiome (defined here as a vaginal microbiome not dominated by lactobacilli) is bacterial vaginosis, an anaerobic polybacterial dysbiosis. Other dysbiotic states of importance to global health are vaginal microbiota with a high abundance of streptococci, staphylococci or Enterobacteriaceae, vaginal candidiasis and trichomoniasis. Knowledge about the different types of dysbiosis and their relationship to urogenital and reproductive disease burden has increased in recent years by applying non-culture-based techniques, but is far from complete...
March 1, 2017: Research in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241053/release-of-hiv-1-sequestered-in-the-vesicles-of-oral-and-genital-mucosal-epithelial-cells-by-epithelial-lymphocyte-interaction
#20
Aizezi Yasen, Rossana Herrera, Kristina Rosbe, Kathy Lien, Sharof M Tugizov
Oropharyngeal mucosal epithelia of fetuses/neonates/infants and the genital epithelia of adults play a critical role in HIV-1 mother-to-child transmission and sexual transmission of virus, respectively. To study the mechanisms of HIV-1 transmission through mucosal epithelium, we established polarized tonsil, cervical and foreskin epithelial cells. Analysis of HIV-1 transmission through epithelial cells showed that approximately 0.05% of initially inoculated virions transmigrated via epithelium. More than 90% of internalized virions were sequestered in the endosomes of epithelial cells, including multivesicular bodies (MVBs) and vacuoles...
February 2017: PLoS Pathogens
keyword
keyword
96583
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"