keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Birth HIV testing

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882759/-management-of-care-of-hiv-positive-pregnant-women-in-the-period-1996-2014
#1
M Mojhová, I Mikysková, M Halaška, M Staňková, H Rozsypal, J Šrámek, J Záhumenský, M Malý
OBJECTIVE: The evaluation of multidisplinary care about HIV positive pregnant women in the Czech Republic. DESIGN: Review. SETTINGS: Gynekologicko-porodnická klinika 1. LF UK a Nemocnice na Bulovce, Praha. METHODS: The vertical transmission of HIV infection from mother to fetus occurs most often during birth, still 1-2% of HIV-positive pregnant women will transfer the virus transplacenta. Due to careful screening for HIV during pregnancy, counselling, combination antiretroviral (cART) therapy, childbirth planning and its performance by C-section there appears a significant decrease of the virus transmission to the fetus, its occurrence is around 2%...
2016: Ceská Gynekologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880749/early-diagnosis-of-hiv-infection-in-infants-one-caribbean-and-six-sub-saharan-african-countries-2011-2015
#2
Karidia Diallo, Andrea A Kim, Shirley Lecher, Dennis Ellenberger, R Suzanne Beard, Helen Dale, Mackenzie Hurlston, Molly Rivadeneira, Peter N Fonjungo, Laura N Broyles, Guoqing Zhang, Katrina Sleeman, Shon Nguyen, Steve Jadczak, Nadine Abiola, Raimi Ewetola, Jérémie Muwonga, Franck Fwamba, Christina Mwangi, Mary Naluguza, Charles Kiyaga, Isaac Ssewanyana, Deyde Varough, Domercant Wysler, David Lowrance, Frantz Jean Louis, Olbeg Desinor, Josiane Buteau, Francois Kesner, Vanessa Rouzier, Nat Segaren, Tessa Lewis, Abdoulaye Sarr, Geoffrey Chipungu, Sundeep Gupta, Daniel Singer, Reuben Mwenda, Hilary Kapoteza, Zawadi Chipeta, Nancy Knight, Sergio Carmona, William MacLeod, Gayle Sherman, Yogan Pillay, Clement B Ndongmo, Bridget Mugisa, Annie Mwila, James McAuley, Peter J Chipimo, Wezi Kaonga, Dailess Nsofwa, Davy Nsama, Fales Zulu Mwamba, Crispin Moyo, Clement Phiri, Marie-Yolande Borget, Leonard Ya-Kouadio, Abo Kouame, Christiane A Adje-Toure, John Nkengasong
Pediatric human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection remains an important public health issue in resource-limited settings. In 2015, 1.4 million children aged <15 years were estimated to be living with HIV (including 170,000 infants born in 2015), with the vast majority living in sub-Saharan Africa (1). In 2014, 150,000 children died from HIV-related causes worldwide (2). Access to timely HIV diagnosis and treatment for HIV-infected infants reduces HIV-associated mortality, which is approximately 50% by age 2 years without treatment (3)...
November 25, 2016: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879980/theory-based-interventions-for-contraception
#3
REVIEW
Laureen M Lopez, Thomas W Grey, Mario Chen, Elizabeth E Tolley, Laurie L Stockton
BACKGROUND: The explicit use of theory in research helps expand the knowledge base. Theories and models have been used extensively in HIV-prevention research and in interventions for preventing sexually transmitted infections (STIs). The health behavior field uses many theories or models of change. However, many educational interventions addressing contraception have no explicit theoretical base. OBJECTIVES: To review randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that tested a theoretical approach to inform contraceptive choice and encourage or improve contraceptive use...
November 23, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856821/determinants-of-early-life-lung-function-in-african-infants
#4
Diane Gray, Lauren Willemse, Ane Visagie, Dorottya Czövek, Polite Nduru, Aneesa Vanker, Dan J Stein, Nastassja Koen, Peter D Sly, Zoltán Hantos, Graham L Hall, Heather J Zar
BACKGROUND: Low lung function in early life is associated with later respiratory illness. There is limited data on lung function in African infants despite a high prevalence of respiratory disease. AIM: To assess the determinants of early lung function in African infants. METHOD: Infants enrolled in a South African birth cohort, the Drakenstein child health study, had lung function measured at 6-10 weeks of age. Measurements, made with the infant breathing via a facemask during natural sleep, included tidal breathing, sulfur hexafluoride multiple breath washout and the forced oscillation technique...
November 17, 2016: Thorax
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798004/cohort-profile-the-hlabisa-pregnancy-cohort-kwazulu-natal-south-africa
#5
Terusha Chetty, Claire Thorne, Frank Tanser, Till Bärnighausen, Anna Coutsoudis
PURPOSE: The Hlabisa pregnancy cohort was established to evaluate the effectiveness of prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) guideline revisions. The objectives of the Hlabisa pregnancy cohort are to: (1) provide cohort-level information on maternal health up to 6 weeks postpartum in a high HIV prevalence setting; and to (2) evaluate aspects of PMTCT care that have policy relevance. PARTICIPANTS: The pregnancy cohort is located in primary health clinics in the Hlabisa subdistrict of rural KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa...
October 17, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792684/optimizing-infant-hiv-diagnosis-in-resource-limited-settings-modeling-the-impact-of-hiv-dna-pcr-testing-at-birth
#6
Alexander Chiu, Surbhi Modi, Emilia D Rivadeneira, Emilia H Koumans
BACKGROUND: Early antiretroviral therapy (ART) initiation in HIV-infected infants significantly improves survival but is often delayed in resource-limited settings. Adding HIV testing of infants at birth to the current recommendation of testing at age 4-6 weeks may improve testing rates and decrease time to ART initiation. We modeled the benefit of adding HIV testing at birth to the current 6-week testing algorithm. METHODS: Microsoft Excel was used to create a decision-tree model of the care continuum for the estimated 1,400,000 HIV-infected women and their infants in sub-Saharan Africa in 2012...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789674/the-effect-of-neonatal-vitamin-a-supplementation-on-morbidity-and-mortality-at-12-months-a-randomized-trial
#7
Emily R Smith, Alfa Muhihi, Salum Mshamu, Christopher R Sudfeld, Ramadhani Abdallah Noor, Donna Spiegelman, Roger L Shapiro, Honorati Masanja, Wafaie Fawzi
BACKGROUND: Neonatal vitamin A supplementation (NVAS) is an intervention hypothesized to reduce infant morbidity and mortality. The objective of this study was to assess the efficacy of neonatal vitamin A supplementation in reducing infant morbidity and mortality and assess potential sources of heterogeneity of the effect of NVAS. METHODS: We completed an individually randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial in Tanzania. Infants were randomized within 3 days of birth to a single dose of vitamin A (50 000 IU) or placebo...
October 27, 2016: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776040/the-effects-of-hiv-on-fertility-by-infection-duration-evidence-from-african-population-cohorts-before-art-availability-fertility-by-duration-of-hiv-infection
#8
Milly Marston, Jessica Nakiyingi-Miiro, Sylvia Kusemererwa, Mark Urassa, Denna Michael, Constance Nyamukapa, Simon Gregson, Basia Zaba, Jeffrey W Eaton
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the relationship between HIV natural history and fertility by duration of infection in East and Southern Africa before the availability of antiretroviral therapy, and assess potential biases in estimates of age-specific sub-fertility when using retrospective birth histories in cross-sectional studies. DESIGN: Pooled analysis of prospective population-based HIV cohort studies in Masaka (Uganda) Kisesa (Tanzania), and Manicaland (Zimbabwe)...
October 20, 2016: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733526/stunting-mediates-the-association-between-small-for-gestational-age-and-postneonatal-mortality
#9
Vanessa M Oddo, Parul Christian, Joanne Katz, Li Liu, Naoko Kozuki, Robert E Black, Robert Ntozini, Jean Humphrey
BACKGROUND: In sub-Saharan Africa, one-third of all births are small for gestational age (SGA), and 4.4 million children are stunted; both conditions increase the risk of child mortality. SGA has also been shown to increase the risk of stunting. OBJECTIVE: We tested whether the association between SGA and postneonatal mortality is mediated by stunting. METHODS: We used longitudinal data from children aged 6 wk to 24 mo (n = 12,155) enrolled in the ZVITAMBO (Zimbabwe Vitamin A for Mothers and Babies) trial...
November 2016: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733281/global-regional-and-national-life-expectancy-all-cause-mortality-and-cause-specific-mortality-for-249-causes-of-death-1980-2015-a-systematic-analysis-for-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2015
#10
COMMENT
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Improving survival and extending the longevity of life for all populations requires timely, robust evidence on local mortality levels and trends. The Global Burden of Disease 2015 Study (GBD 2015) provides a comprehensive assessment of all-cause and cause-specific mortality for 249 causes in 195 countries and territories from 1980 to 2015. These results informed an in-depth investigation of observed and expected mortality patterns based on sociodemographic measures. METHODS: We estimated all-cause mortality by age, sex, geography, and year using an improved analytical approach originally developed for GBD 2013 and GBD 2010...
October 8, 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703597/a-study-on-usefulness-of-a-set-of-known-risk-factors-in-predicting-maternal-syphilis-infections-in-three-districts-of-western-province-zambia
#11
Jacob Sakala, Nellisiwe Chizuni, Selestine Nzala
INTRODUCTION: Despite roll-out of cost-effective point-of-care tests, less than half antenatal attendees in rural western Zambia are screened for syphilis. This study formulated a clinical, risk-based assessment criteria and evaluated its usefulness as a non-biomedical alternative for identifying high-risk prenatal cases. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional survey of antenatal clinic attendees in Kaoma, Luampa and Nkeyema districts to collect data on exposure to nine pre-selected syphilis risk factors...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27696905/association-between-parent-adolescent-communication-about-sex-related-topics-and-hiv-testing-united-states-2006-2013
#12
Alexandra B Balaji, Emeka Oraka, Amy M Fasula, Paula E Jayne, Monique G Carry, Jerris L Raiford
Adolescents need information about sex-related topics in order to reduce risk behavior and engage in healthy sexual decision-making. Parents have the potential to be an important source of this information. Using the 2006-2010 and 2011-2013 National Survey of Family Growth, we examined associations between parent-adolescent communication before age 18 about sex-related topics and HIV testing among respondents aged 18-24 that ever had sexual intercourse (women = 3893; men = 3359). Analyses showed that for both men and women, discussing how to prevent HIV/AIDS and how to use a condom with a parent before age 18 were positively associated with HIV testing...
October 4, 2016: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27644020/progressive-lesions-of-central-nervous-system-in-microcephalic-fetuses-with-suspected-congenital-zika-virus-syndrome
#13
Manoel Sarno, Marcelo Aquino, Kleber Pimentel, Renata Cabral, Gisela Costa, Fernanda Bastos, Carlos Brites
OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to describe the pattern and progression of Central Nervous System (CNS) lesions of microcephalic fetuses with suspected Zika Virus (ZIKV) infection. METHODS: We analyzed fetuses diagnosed with microcephaly after a routine primary care ultrasound scan suspect a fetal microcephaly in Salvador, Brazil, from July/2015 to February/2016 and these pregnancies were followed until delivery. Microcephaly was diagnosed when the head circumference was below two or more standard deviation for gestational age and its relationship with ZIKV infection was defined according to World Health Organization criteria...
September 19, 2016: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27630001/systematic-review-with-meta-analysis-the-risk-of-mother-to-child-transmission-of-hepatitis-b-virus-infection-in-sub-saharan-africa
#14
E Keane, A L Funk, Y Shimakawa
BACKGROUND: The risk of mother-to-child transmission of hepatitis B virus (HBV) has been quoted as 70-90% among women positive for hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) and e antigen (HBeAg), and 5-30% among HBsAg-positive HBeAg-negative women. These risks are derived from Asia; little is known about sub-Saharan Africa. AIM: To determine the risk of mother-to-child transmission in sub-Saharan Africa, according to maternal HBeAg and type of prophylaxis. METHODS: We searched Medline, Global Health, Embase, African Journals Online and African Index Medicus...
November 2016: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27622558/scheduled-intermittent-screening-with-rapid-diagnostic-tests-and-treatment-with-dihydroartemisinin-piperaquine-versus-intermittent-preventive-therapy-with-sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine-for-malaria-in-pregnancy-in-malawi-an-open-label-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Mwayiwawo Madanitsa, Linda Kalilani, Victor Mwapasa, Anna M van Eijk, Carole Khairallah, Doreen Ali, Cheryl Pace, James Smedley, Kyaw-Lay Thwai, Brandt Levitt, Duolao Wang, Arthur Kang'ombe, Brian Faragher, Steve M Taylor, Steve Meshnick, Feiko O Ter Kuile
BACKGROUND: In Africa, most plasmodium infections during pregnancy remain asymptomatic, yet are associated with maternal anemia and low birthweight. WHO recommends intermittent preventive therapy in pregnancy with sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine (IPTp-SP). However, sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine (SP) efficacy is threatened by high-level parasite resistance. We conducted a trial to evaluate the efficacy and safety of scheduled intermittent screening with malaria rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs) and treatment of RDT-positive women with dihydroartemisinin-piperaquine (DP) as an alternative strategy to IPTp-SP...
September 2016: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27615022/priorities-for-action-on-the-social-determinants-of-health-empirical-evidence-on-the-strongest-associations-with-life-expectancy-in-54-low-income-countries-1990-2012
#16
K Hauck, S Martin, P C Smith
The WHO Commission on the Social Determinants of Health set out an impressive collection of policy proposals on the social determinants of health. However, a serious weakness for securing implementation is the difficulty for policymakers in identifying priorities for action. The objective of this study is to determine a small set of the most influential determinants using existing data and an empirical approach. 45 Indicators from the World Bank's World Development Indicators are selected to measure attainment for the determinants proposed by the Commission...
October 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27596150/the-population-level-cascade-of-care-for-hepatitis-c-in-british-columbia-canada-the-bc-hepatitis-testers-cohort-bc-htc
#17
Naveed Z Janjua, Margot Kuo, Amanda Yu, Maria Alvarez, Stanley Wong, Darrel Cook, Jason Wong, Jason Grebely, Zahid A Butt, Hasina Samji, Alnoor Ramji, Mark Tyndall, Mel Krajden
BACKGROUND: Population-level monitoring of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infected people across the cascade of care identifies gaps in access and engagement in care and treatment. We characterized a population-level cascade of care for HCV in British Columbia (BC), Canada and identified factors associated with leakage at each stage. METHODS: The BC Hepatitis Testers Cohort (BC-HTC) includes 1.5million individuals tested for HCV, HIV, reported cases of hepatitis B, and active tuberculosis in BC from 1990 to 2013 linked to medical visits, hospitalizations, cancers, prescription drugs and mortality data...
August 25, 2016: EBioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27581489/growing-inequities-in-maternal-health-in-south-africa-a-comparison-of-serial-national-household-surveys
#18
Njeri Wabiri, Matthew Chersich, Olive Shisana, Duane Blaauw, Helen Rees, Ntabozuko Dwane
BACKGROUND: Rates of maternal mortality and morbidity vary markedly, both between and within countries. Documenting these variations, in a very unequal society like South Africa, provides useful information to direct initiatives to improve services. The study describes inequalities over time in access to maternal health services in South Africa, and identifies differences in maternal health outcomes between population groups and across geographical areas. METHODS: Data were analysed from serial population-level household surveys that applied multistage-stratified sampling...
2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27578957/hepatitis-b-hiv-and-syphilis-seroprevalence-in-pregnant-women-and-blood-donors-in-cameroon
#19
Jodie Dionne-Odom, Rahel Mbah, Nicole J Rembert, Samuel Tancho, Gregory E Halle-Ekane, Comfort Enah, Thomas K Welty, Pius M Tih, Alan T N Tita
Objectives. We estimated seroprevalence and correlates of selected infections in pregnant women and blood donors in a resource-limited setting. Methods. We performed a cross-sectional analysis of laboratory seroprevalence data from pregnant women and voluntary blood donors from facilities in Cameroon in 2014. Rapid tests were performed to detect hepatitis B surface antigen, syphilis treponemal antibodies, and HIV-1/2 antibodies. Blood donations were also tested for hepatitis C and malaria. Results. The seroprevalence rates and ranges among 7069 pregnant women were hepatitis B 4...
2016: Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27540110/clinical-impact-and-cost-effectiveness-of-diagnosing-hiv-infection-during-early-infancy-in-south-africa-test-timing-and-frequency
#20
Jordan A Francke, Martina Penazzato, Taige Hou, Elaine J Abrams, Rachel L MacLean, Landon Myer, Rochelle P Walensky, Valériane Leroy, Milton C Weinstein, Robert A Parker, Kenneth A Freedberg, Andrea Ciaranello
BACKGROUND:  Diagnosis of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection during early infancy (commonly known as "early infant HIV diagnosis" [EID]) followed by prompt initiation of antiretroviral therapy dramatically reduces mortality. EID testing is recommended at 6 weeks of age, but many infant infections are missed. DESIGN/METHODS:  We simulated 4 EID testing strategies for HIV-exposed infants in South Africa: no EID (diagnosis only after illness; hereafter, "no EID"), testing once (at birth alone or at 6 weeks of age alone; hereafter, "birth alone" and "6 weeks alone," respectively), and testing twice (at birth and 6 weeks of age; hereafter "birth and 6 weeks")...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Infectious Diseases
keyword
keyword
96582
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"