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surgery of Colon volvulus

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543045/colonic-or-ileocecocolic-volvulus-in-13-dogs-2005-2016
#1
Tanja Plavec, Stefan Rupp, Martin Kessler
OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical and clinicopathological features of colonic or ileocecocolic volvulus (CV/ICV) in dogs. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series. ANIMALS: Thirteen dogs with surgically confirmed CV/ICV. METHODS: Medical records were reviewed for signalment, medical history, clinical signs, laboratory data, radiographic findings, treatment, and outcome. RESULTS: All cases consisted of large-breed dogs (median weight 37...
May 20, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522952/clinical-outcomes-of-sigmoid-colon-volvulus-identification-of-the-factors-associated-with-successful-endoscopic-detorsion
#2
Tomoya Iida, Suguru Nakagaki, Shuji Satoh, Haruo Shimizu, Hiroyuki Kaneto, Hiroshi Nakase
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Although multiple treatment options exist for the management of sigmoid colon volvulus, no study has examined the factors associated with successful endoscopic detorsion. This study aimed to examine the clinical course of patients with sigmoid colon volvulus and to identify factors related to successful endoscopic detorsion. METHODS: This study included 30 cases (21 patients) of sigmoid volvulus from among 545 cases of intestinal obstruction at a single center...
April 2017: Intestinal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424872/percutaneous-endoscopic-sigmoidopexy-using-t-fasteners-for-management-of-sigmoid-volvulus
#3
Kevin Tin, Zain A Sobani, Nnaemeka Anyadike, Anna Serur, Ira Mayer, Kadirawel Iswara, Yuriy Tsirlin
BACKGROUND: Sigmoid volvulus (SV) is the third leading cause of large bowel obstruction after colonic neoplasms and diverticular disease. SV has traditionally been managed via endoscopic detorsion and decompression followed by non-emergent surgical resection owing to the high risk of recurrence. Most cases of SV occur in elderly debilitated patients with multiple comorbidities and may not be candidates for surgical resection. Endoscopic sigmoidopexy has been described as an alternative to surgical resection...
April 19, 2017: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215096/colonic-obstruction-secondary-to-sigmoid-fecaloma-endoscopically-resolved-with-coca-cola%C3%A2
#4
Guillermo Ontanilla Clavijo, Rafael León Montañés, Yolanda Sánchez Torrijos, Teófilo López Ruiz, Juan Manuel Bozada García
BACKGROUND: Colonic obstruction is a relatively common condition in emergency care, with a mortality rate of up to 20%. In 90% of cases it results from colonic or rectal adenocarcinoma, volvulus, or stenosis secondary to diverticular disease. When fecal impaction is the underlying cause, the condition is usually managed conservatively, but may on occasion become complicated and even require surgical intervention. Based on the proven efficacy of Coca-Cola® to dissolve gastric phytobezoars, we report a case of colonic obstruction secondary to sigmoid fecaloma...
April 2017: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202185/pediatric-colonic-volvulus-a-single-institution-experience-and-review
#5
REVIEW
Sami Tannouri, Aditi Hendi, Elizabeth Gilje, Leslie Grissom, Douglas Katz
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Pediatric colonic volvulus is both rare and underreported. Existing literature consists only of case reports and small series. We present an analysis of cases (n=11) over 15 years at a single institution, focusing on workup and diagnosis. METHODS: This was an institutional review board approved single-institution retrospective chart review of 11 cases of large bowel volvulus occurring over 15 years (2000-2015). RESULTS: In our series, the most common presenting symptoms were abdominal pain and distention...
June 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183049/case-report-of-a-giant-colonic-sigmoid-diverticulum-causing-sigmoid-volvulus
#6
John Alfred Carr
INTRODUCTION: Giant colonic diverticulum is a rare complication of colonic diverticulosis that occurs when a single diverticulum enlarges to over 4cm in diameter. There have been fewer than 200 cases reported worldwide since it was first described in 1946. PRESENTATION OF CASE: The author presents a rare case of a giant colonic diverticulum that presented as a sigmoid volvulus. The patient underwent emergency surgery with resection of the diverticulum and reduction of the volvulus...
2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888039/total-midgut-volvulus-in-adults-with-intestinal-malrotation-report-of-eleven-patients
#7
H Kotobi, V Tan, J Lefèvre, F Duramé, G Audry, Y Parc
OBJECTIVE: Total small-intestinal volvulus with malrotation (TSIVM) classically presents in the neonatal period; it occurs much less frequently in the adult and is often misdiagnosed. Prognosis is directly related to the degree and duration of intestinal ischemia. Our goal is to describe our experience with TSIVM in the adult, to identify any specific findings and to discuss its management. METHOD: Eleven patients who had undergone surgery for TSIVM at three centers between 1992 and 2012 were included...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Visceral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27708513/percutaneous-endoscopic-colostomy-a-useful-technique-when-surgery-is-not-an-option
#8
Gloria Tun, Dominic Bullas, Ayman Bannaga, Elmuhtady M Said
Percutaneous endoscopic colostomy (PEC) is a minimally invasive endoscopic procedure that offers an alternative treatment for high-risk patients with sigmoid volvulus or intestinal pseudo-obstruction who have tried conventional treatment options without success or those who are unfit for surgery. The procedure acts as an irrigation or decompressing channel and provides colonic 'fixation' to the anterior abdominal wall. The risk of complications highlights the importance of informed consent for patients and relatives...
October 2016: Annals of Gastroenterology: Quarterly Publication of the Hellenic Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27523178/-cecal-herniation-through-the-foramen-of-winslow-as-a-rare-cause-of-ileus
#9
V Sobek, M Chrostek
UNLABELLED: Internal abdominal hernias present an infrequent surgical diagnosis and are usually encountered accidentally during surgery. They are generally considered as an extremely rare cause of ileus. In our article we present the case of a 69-year-old healthy female who was operated for suspected gastric volvulus as suggested by the CT scan; however, upon surgery, herniation of the right-sided colon into the omental bursa with subsequent cecal dilation and bowel wall necrosis was revealed to be the true culprit...
December 0: Rozhledy V Chirurgii: Měsíčník Československé Chirurgické Společnosti
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27516794/colon-volvulus-displaced-into-the-chest-right-sided-posttraumatic-hernia-or-congenital-malformation
#10
Dorota Toliczenko-Bernatowicz, Wojciech Dębek, Ewa Matuszczak
We present the case of a 13.5-year-old girl who was admitted to the Pediatric Surgery Department from the Pediatric Department of a district hospital, where she stayed because of stomachache and vomiting. Interview revealed blunt injury of the epigastrium a week ago. Chest X-ray revealed a loss of the right diaphragmatic outline, irregular radiolucency on the right side of the chest, collapsed right lung and mediastinal displacement to the left. The patient was operated on, and the surgery revealed herniation of the intestines and half of the stomach into the defect of the right dome of the diaphragm...
June 2016: Kardiochirurgia i Torakochirurgia Polska, Polish Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27490679/a-case-of-abdominal-compartment-syndrome-derived-from-simple-elongated-sigmoid-colon-in-an-elderly-man
#11
Masaaki Shida, Yoshihiko Kitajima, Masayuki Tanaka, Hiroharu Tsuji
INTRODUCTION: Abdominal compartment syndrome or intra-abdominal hypertension may occur after intra-abdominal events, but their etiology and clinical signs remain unclear. We report a case of abdominal compartment syndrome in an elderly patient without other risk factors. PRESENTATION OF CASE: An 86-year-old man had been admitted to our hospital several times for a dilated sigmoid colon with elongation, and had complained about abdominal pain and abdominal fullness...
2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27452941/an-unexpected-discovery
#12
Samantha Mc Kenzie Stancu, Bogdan Aurelian Popescu, Mircea Beuran
Meckel's Diverticulum is the most common congenital malformation of the gastrointestinal tract with a prevalence of 2 % in the general population, being twice as common and symptomatic in males. Not seldom is the diagnosis made incidentally, upon laparotomy for other intra-abdominal conditions, namely acute appendicitis. Simple Diverticulectomy is the surgical treatment of choice. We present the case of S.M., a 38 year-old male who was admitted to the Surgery Department of the Bucharest Clinical Emergency Hospital for sudden onset of initially periumbilical pain, which later migrated and localized in the right iliac fossa (RIF) accompanied by vomiting after the onset of pain, approximately 24 hours prior to admission...
May 2016: Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27446464/laparoscopic-subtotal-colectomy-for-synchronous-triple-colorectal-cancer-a-case-report
#13
Xuetong Jiang, Chuanqi Xu, Dong Tang, Daorong Wang
Synchronous colorectal cancers refer to the simultaneous occurrence of multiple colorectal tumors in a single patient, excluding any metastases from other organs. At present, radical surgery is considered the standard curative treatment; however, individualized surgical strategies depend on tumor location, the depth of invasion and the general health of the patient. In the present study, the case of a 52-year-old man who presented with a 2-month history of abdominal pain that was accompanied by intermittent hematochezia and weight loss is reported...
August 2016: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27259287/prevalence-causes-and-management-outcome-of-intestinal-obstruction-in-adama-hospital-ethiopia
#14
Urgessa Soressa, Abebe Mamo, Desta Hiko, Netsanet Fentahun
BACKGROUND: In Africa, acute intestinal obstruction accounts for a great proportion of morbidity and mortality. Ethiopia is one of the countries where intestinal obstruction is a major cause of morbidity and mortality. This study aims to determine prevalence, causes and management outcome of intestinal obstruction in Adama Hospital in Oromia region, Ethiopia. METHOD: A hospital based cross-sectional study design was used. Data covering the past three years were collected from hospital medical records of sampled patients...
June 4, 2016: BMC Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27222624/types-and-indications-of-colostomy-and-determinants-of-outcomes-of-patients-after-surgery
#15
Abebe Engida, Tsehay Ayelign, Bekele Mahteme, Tilahun Aida, Berhane Abreham
BACKGROUND: Colostomy is one of the commonest life saving procedures done worldwide with an intention of either decompression of an obstructed colon or diversion of stool. Indications may vary from region to region. Attending morbidity and mortality is significant. the objective of this study was to Determine the common indications and types of colostomy, and outcomes of patients operated at SPHMMC. METHODS: A retrospective medical records of patients, operation log book and nursing records review was done in a two-year period between January 2011 and December 2013 at the College Teaching Hospital, St Paul's Hospital Millennium Medical, Addis Ababa...
March 2016: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27200205/concurrent-occurrence-of-tumor-in-colon-and-small-bowel-following-intestinal-obstruction-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#16
Seyed Mohammad Reza Nejatollahi, Omid Etemad
An intestinal obstruction occurs when either the small or large intestine is partly or completely blocked so it prevents passing the food or fluid through the small/large bowel. This blockage is due to the existence of a mechanical obstruction such as foreign material, mass, hernia, or volvulus. Common symptoms include cramping pain, nausea and vomiting, changes in bowel habits, inability to pass stool, and lack of gas. We present a case of an 83-year-old man who had been referred to Taleghani Hospital with symptoms of bowel obstruction...
2016: Case Reports in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27132752/management-of-the-colonic-volvulus-in-2016
#17
L Perrot, A Fohlen, A Alves, J Lubrano
Colonic volvulus is the third leading cause of colonic obstruction worldwide, occurring at two principal locations: the sigmoid colon and cecum. In Western countries, sigmoid volvulus preferentially affects elderly men whereas cecal volvulus affects younger women. Some risk factors, such as chronic constipation, high-fiber diet, frequent use of laxatives, personal past history of laparotomy and anatomic predispositions, are common to both locations. Clinical symptomatology is non-specific, including a combination of abdominal pain, gaseous distention, and bowel obstruction...
June 2016: Journal of Visceral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27054035/a-case-of-cecal-volvulus-mimicking-ogilvie-syndrome-in-a-hospitalized-patient-with-a-pelvis-fracture
#18
Athanasios Tampakis, Raoul A Droeser, Ekaterini Christina Tampaki, Urs von Holzen, Tarik Delko
INTRODUCTION: Cecal volvulus and ogilvie syndrome are two entities which may display similar clinical presentation but require different treatment approaches. PRESENTATION OF CASE: An 84-year old male patient admitted for conservative treatment of a pelvis fracture, complained of abdominal cramps and flatulence on the third hospitalization day. Abdominal radiographs arose suspicion of cecal volvulus. The diagnosis was ruled out on the CT scan but however was later confirmed by an exploratory laparotomy...
May 2016: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27022384/the-role-of-sigmoidoscopy-in-thediagnosis-and-treatment-of-sigmoid-volvulus
#19
REVIEW
Sabri Selcuk Atamanalp, Refik Selim Atamanalp
Sigmoid volvulus (SV) is a rare form of acute intestinal obstruction in which the sigmoid colon wraps around itself. The disease generally presents as a mechanical bowel obstruction with clinical features that are not pathognomonic. Similarly, X-ray films are not diagnostic in most cases. It is difficult to establish the correct preoperative diagnosis when CT and MRI are not used. The principal strategy in the treatment of SV in uncomplicated patients is emergency endoscopic detorsion followed by elective surgery; emergent surgery is required in patients with bowel gangrene, bowel perforation, peritonitis, or unsuccessful endoscopic treatment...
January 2016: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26935953/sigmoid-volvulus-in-a-patient-with-mitochondrial-encephalomyopathy-lactic-acidosis-and-stroke-like-episodes-melas-a-rare-occurrence
#20
Alexander Hallac, Hari B Keshava, Gareth Morris-Stiff, Samuel Ibrahim
Mitochondrial diseases are rare and devastating, with a wide spectrum of clinical presentations and systemic symptoms. The majority of the published literature focuses on the neuromuscular manifestations and genetic components of this mitochondrial cytopathy, however, cardiac, renal, endocrine and gastrointestinal manifestations may also be present. The authors report a case detailing a 56-year-old woman's final hospitalisation from the gastrointestinal sequelae of mitochondrial encephalomyopathy, lactic acidosis and stroke-like episodes (MELAS) (Co Q10 deficiency variant)...
March 2, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
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