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Neurogenic bladder

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665997/lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-what-s-new-in-medical-treatment
#1
REVIEW
Benoit Peyronnet, Benjamin M Brucker, Martin C Michel
CONTEXT: Pharmacological treatment is a cornerstone in the management of patients with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS). OBJECTIVE: To review emerging evidence in the medical treatment of LUTS. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: An Embase/Pubmed-based literature search was conducted in December 2017, screening for randomized controlled trials (RCTs), prospective and retrospective series, animal model studies, and reviews on medical treatment of LUTS...
April 14, 2018: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664238/testing-of-a-new-portable-device-for-dynamic-bladder-pressure-monitoring
#2
Lingfeng Liu, Kang Zhao, Fan Chen, Jian Wu, Zhaofeng Yang, Ming Chen, Linbo Mao, Jiurong Han
OBJECTIVE: To develop a portable dynamic bladder pressure monitoring device for facilitating the monitoring of bladder detrusor pressure in patients with neurogenic bladder (NB) caused by spinal cord injury and further compared the effect with traditional urodynamics devices. METHODS: Portable dynamic bladder pressure monitoring device was implemented by software and hardware. The hardware was mainly composed of seven parts, such as micro liquid pressure sensor, electric bridge amplifying circuit, clock module, SD card storage circuit, liquid crystal display circuit, touch circuit, controller circuit and so on...
May 2018: Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664124/a-comparison-of-the-treatment-recommendations-for-neurogenic-lower-urinary-tract-dysfunction-in-the-national-institute-for-health-and-care-excellence-european-association-of-urology-and-international-consultations-on-incontinence-guidelines
#3
Ashley Jaggi, Marcus Drake, Emad Siddiqui, Francis Fatoye
AIMS: Healthcare guidelines are an important vehicle in establishing up-to-date evidence based medicine (EBM) in clinical practice. Due to varying development processes, clinical guidelines created by different institutions can often contain contrasting recommendations. This can have implications for optimal and standardized patient care across management settings. METHODS: The similarities and differences of treatment recommendations made in the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE), The European Association of Urology (EAU), and the International Consultation on Continence (ICI) guidelines for neurogenic lower urinary tract dysfunction (NLUTD) were assessed...
April 17, 2018: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660959/application-of-clean-intermittent-catheterization-for-neurogenic-bladder-in-infants-less-than-1-year-old
#4
Yanwei Li, Yibo Wen, Xiangfei He, Yunlong Li, Junwei Wu, Jinjin Feng, Qingwei Wang, Jianguo Wen
BACKGROUND: Neurogenic bladder (NB) is a common pediatric urological disease caused by a variety of neurological pathologies. Clean intermittent catheterization (CIC) has been the preferred method to empty bladder. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of CIC on preserving bladder and upper urinary tract function in infants less than 1 year old with NB. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted on 76 infants with NB. Patients were divided into two groups according to treatment initiation: the early CIC group (ECG) (<1 year old) and the late CIC group (LCG) (>3 years old)...
April 7, 2018: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653162/inconsistency-in-the-definition-of-urinary-tract-infection-after-intravesical-botulinum-toxin-a-injection-a-systematic-review
#5
Andrew W Stamm, Sarah A Adelstein, Andrew Chen, Alvaro Lucioni, Kathleen C Kobashi, Una J Lee
PURPOSE: In order to more accurately examine the rate of urinary tract infection following onabotulinumtoxinA injection of the bladder, we systematically reviewed the literature for definitions of urinary tract infection utilized in series that reported on onabotulinumtoxinA injections and assessed them for consistency with guideline statements defining urinary tract infections. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic review of the literature was performed via query using MEDLINE and EMBASE...
April 10, 2018: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643502/unravelling-disparate-roles-of-notch-in-bladder-cancer
#6
REVIEW
Akihiro Goriki, Roland Seiler, Alexander W Wyatt, Alberto Contreras-Sanz, Akshay Bhat, Akio Matsubara, Tetsutaro Hayashi, Peter C Black
The Notch pathway has been implicated in both oncogenic and tumour-suppressive roles in cancer depending on the tissue type and cellular context. However, until recently, little was known about the pathway in bladder cancer. Studies have revealed that NOTCH1 copy number and expression are decreased in bladder cancer and NOTCH1 activation in bladder cancer cell lines reduces proliferation, suggesting that NOTCH1 acts as a tumour suppressor. Furthermore, in transgenic models, bladder cancer is promoted by bladder-specific inactivation of a component of the γ-secretase complex, which liberates the intracellular domain of neurogenic locus Notch homologue protein (NOTCH) and starts the signalling cascade...
April 11, 2018: Nature Reviews. Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618582/uropathogens-and-pyuria-in-children-with-neurogenic-bladders
#7
Catherine S Forster, Nader Shaikh, Alejandro Hoberman, Elizabeth Jackson
BACKGROUND: A recent study revealed that specific uropathogens are associated with lower odds of pyuria in a general pediatrics population. Children with neurogenic bladders who require clean intermittent catheterization (CIC) frequently have pyuria. Our objective with this study was to determine if an association exists between pyuria and type of uropathogen in CIC-dependent children. METHODS: We obtained urinalysis and urine culture results from electronic medical records from January 2008 through December 2014 for patients ≤18 years of age with neurogenic bladders managed at a single institution...
April 4, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605828/current-and-future-international-patterns-of-care-of-neurogenic-bladder-after-spinal-cord-injury
#8
A Gomelsky, G E Lemack, J C Castano Botero, R K Lee, J B Myers, P Granitsiotis, R R Dmochowski
PURPOSE: We aim to summarize the literature on international patterns of care for patients with neurogenic bladder (NGB) from spinal cord injury (SCI). METHODS: We performed a PubMed database search, hand review of references, communication with professional societies, and registry evaluations for pertinent data. RESULTS: Established patterns of care, including SCI registries and specialty centers, are available in high-resource countries such as the US and UK...
March 31, 2018: World Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603781/efficacy-and-safety-of-mirabegron-for-the-treatment-of-neurogenic-detrusor-overactivity-prospective-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-study
#9
Jan Krhut, Vladimír Borovička, Karolína Bílková, Radek Sýkora, David Míka, Jan Mokriš, Roman Zachoval
AIMS: To assess the efficacy and safety of mirabegron in the treatment of neurogenic detrusor overactivity. METHODS: This prospective, multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study was conducted in three tertiary centers, and included 78 patients suffering from spinal cord injury or multiple sclerosis. Patients were randomized for Mirabegron 50 mg (Group A) or placebo (Group B). Urodynamic parameters, the 24 h pad-weight test, and patient-reported outcomes were assessed...
March 31, 2018: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603450/nerve-growth-factor-dependent-hyperexcitability-of-capsaicin-sensitive-bladder-afferent-neurones-in-mice-with-spinal-cord-injury
#10
Takahiro Shimizu, Tsuyoshi Majima, Takahisa Suzuki, Nobutaka Shimizu, Naoki Wada, Katsumi Kadekawa, Shun Takai, Eiichiro Takaoka, Joonbeom Kwon, Anthony J Kanai, William C de Groat, Pradeep Tyagi, Motoaki Saito, Naoki Yoshimura
Nerve growth factor (NGF) has been implicated as an important mediator to induce C-fibre bladder afferent hyperexcitability, which contributes to the emergence of neurogenic lower urinary tract dysfunction (LUTD) following spinal cord injury (SCI). In this study, we determined if NGF immunoneutralization using an anti-NGF antibody (NGF-Ab) normalizes the SCI-induced changes in electrophysiological properties of capsaicin-sensitive C-fibre bladder afferent neurones in female C57BL/6 mice. The spinal cord was transected at the Th8/9 level...
March 30, 2018: Experimental Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600402/bladder-management-during-pregnancy-in-women-with-spinal-cord-injury-an-observational-multicenter-study
#11
Elena Andretta, Lorenza Maria Landi, Mirella Cianfrocca, Alberto Manassero, Oreste Risi, Giorgio Artuso
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Pregnancy in women with spinal-cord injury (SCI) poses a clinical challenge. We hypothesized that changes in the management of neurogenic bladder during pregnancy are commonly required and should receive more attention. METHODS: Data were collected by retrospective analysis of medical records and via cross-sectional survey of 52 women with SCI, representing 67 pregnancies, at ten Italian neurourological clinics. All participants provided informed consent...
March 29, 2018: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595706/large-sliding-inguino-scrotal-hernia-of-the-urinary-bladder-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#12
Ping Wang, Yonggang Huang, Jing Ye, Guodong Gao, Fangjie Zhang, Hao Wu
RATIONALE: Sliding inguinal hernias of the urinary bladder are protrusions of the bladder through the internal inguinal ring, most of which are insignificant and diagnosed intra-operatively. Large inguino-scrotal bladder hernias commonly present with lower urinary tract symptoms and may cause severe complications, including bladder incarceration or necrosis, bladder hemorrhage, obstructive or neurogenic bladder dysfunction, and even renal failure. PATIENT CONCERNS: We describe and discuss the clinical findings and management of a 59-year-old man who complained of a decrease in scrotal size after voiding and 2-stage voiding requiring pressure to the scrotum...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582112/role-of-neurogenic-inflammation-in-local-communication-in-the-visceral-mucosa
#13
REVIEW
Lori A Birder, F Aura Kullmann
Intense research has focused on the involvement of the nervous system in regard to cellular mechanisms underlying neurogenic inflammation in the pelvic viscera. Evidence supports the neural release of inflammatory factors, trophic factors, and neuropeptides in the initiation of inflammation. However, more recently, non-neuronal cells including epithelia, endothelial, mast cells, and paraneurons are likely important participants in nervous system functions. For example, the urinary bladder urothelial cells are emerging as key elements in the detection and transmission of both physiological and nociceptive stimuli in the lower urinary tract...
March 26, 2018: Seminars in Immunopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29578382/pre-operative-screening-for-asymptomatic-bacteriuria-and-associations-with-post-operative-outcomes-in-patients-with-spinal-cord-injury
#14
Margaret A Fitzpatrick, Katie J Suda, Stephen P Burns, Linda Poggensee, Swetha Ramanathan, Charlesnika T Evans
CONTEXT: Screening for asymptomatic bacteriuria (ASB) before non-urologic surgery is common but of unclear benefit. Our aim was to describe pre-operative ASB screening and post-operative outcomes in patients with neurogenic bladder due to spinal cord injury (SCI). METHODS: This was a descriptive retrospective cohort study of adults with SCI undergoing neurosurgical spine or orthopedic lower limb surgery from 10/1/2012-9/30/2014 at Veterans Affairs (VA) medical centers...
March 26, 2018: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575219/the-history-of-the-society-of-urodynamics-female-pelvic-medicine-and-urogenital-reconstruction
#15
Steven J Weissbart, Philippe E Zimmern, Victor W Nitti, Gary E Lemack, Kathleen C Kobashi, Sandip P Vasavada, Alan J Wein
AIMS: To review the history of the Society of Urodynamics, Female Pelvic Medicine and Urogenital Reconstruction (SUFU). METHODS: We reviewed Society meeting minutes, contacted all living former Society presidents, searched the William P. Didusch Center for Urology History records, and asked Society members to share their important Society experiences in order to gather important historical information about the Society. RESULTS: The Society initially formed as the Urodynamics Society in 1969 in the backdrop of a growing passion for scientific research in the country after World War II ended...
March 25, 2018: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569211/recommendations-for-urological-follow-up-of-patients-with-neurogenic-bladder-secondary-to-spinal-cord-injury
#16
REVIEW
Mikolaj Przydacz, Piotr Chlosta, Jacques Corcos
PURPOSE: To review currently available guidelines and recommendations regarding urological follow-up of patients after spinal cord injury (SCI) and present an evidence-based summary to support clinicians in their clinical practice. METHODS: Maximum data were collected according to different methods, including searches with multiple and specific keywords, reference checks, gray literature searches (congress reports, working papers, statement documents), and browsing-related Web site access...
March 22, 2018: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566731/deep-vein-thrombosis-and-pulmonary-embolism-secondary-to-urinary-retention-a-case-report
#17
Tatsushi Kawada, Takashi Yoshioka, Motoo Araki, Hiroyuki Nose, Tadashi Oeda
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary embolism occurs when a blood thrombus forms and travels from a vein in the body to an artery in the lung. Thrombi often develop in one of the deep veins of the legs, thighs, or pelvis, a condition known as deep vein thrombosis. In this report, we describe a rare instance of a patient who developed deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism secondary to urinary retention, and we also review some of the literature. CASE PRESENTATION: A 75-year-old Japanese man visited our hospital with the complaint of lower extremity weakness...
March 23, 2018: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556476/vesical-fungus-balls-fungal-bezoars-by-candida-albicans-mimicking-urothelial-carcinoma-in-a-patient-with-diabetic-neurogenic-bladder
#18
Kosuke Takemura, Ryoji Takazawa, Yusuke Kohno, Satoshi Yoshida, Hiroyuki Kato, Toshihiko Tsujii
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Urology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29552498/suprapubic-catheter-placement-through-ileal-mesentery-causes-mechanical-small-bowel-obstruction-six-years-later-in-a-female-patient-with-turners-syndrome
#19
Niki Parikh, Robert Grand, Jayne McCauley, Ari Halldorsson, Cynthia Smith
Percutaneous suprapubic cystostomy (SPC) is a procedure performed to manage urinary retention when urethral catheterization is contraindicated or to improve the quality of life in cases such as neurogenic bladder. Although a simple procedure, it is associated with serious complications, increasing the morbidity and mortality. This case study demonstrates a delayed presentation of small bowel obstruction caused by a suprapubic catheter traversing through the ileal mesentery in a patient with no prior bowel surgeries...
March 2018: Urology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29551557/surgical-management-of-anatomic-bladder-outlet-obstruction-in-males-with-neurogenic-bladder-dysfunction-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Toscane C Noordhoff, Jan Groen, Jeroen R Scheepe, Bertil F M Blok
CONTEXT: Surgical treatment of anatomic bladder outlet obstruction (BOO) may be indicated in males with neurogenic bladder dysfunction. A bothersome complication after surgery is urinary incontinence. OBJECTIVE: To identify the optimal practice in the surgical treatment of anatomic BOO in males with neurogenic bladder dysfunction, due to multiple sclerosis, Parkinson disease, spinal cord injury (SCI), spina bifida, or cerebrovascular accident (CVA). EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A systematic review was conducted according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses (PRISMA) statement...
March 15, 2018: European Urology Focus
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