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Hisako Kubo, Masato Hoshi, Akihiro Mouri, Chieko Tashita, Yasuko Yamamoto, Toshitaka Nabeshima, Kuniaki Saito
Infection of the encephalomyocarditis virus (EMCV) in mice is an established model for viral myocarditis. Previously, we have demonstrated that indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO), an L-tryptophan - kynurenine pathway (KP) enzyme, affects acute viral myocarditis. However, the roles of KP metabolites in EMCV infection remain unclear. Kynurenine 3-monooxygenase (KMO) is one of the key regulatory enzymes, which metabolizes kynurenine to 3-hydroxykynurenine in the KP. Therefore, we examined the role of KMO in acute viral infection by comparing between KMO-/- mice and KMO+/+ mice...
January 2017: Immunology Letters
Yuta Takano, Ryo Tashita, Mitsuaki Suzuki, Shigeru Nagase, Hiroshi Imahori, Takeshi Akasaka
Location recognition at the molecular scale provides valuable information about the nature of functional molecular materials. This study presents a novel location sensing approach based on an endohedral metallofullerene, Ce@C82, using its anisotropic magnetic properties, which lead to temperature-dependent paramagnetic shifts in (1)H NMR spectra. Five site-isomers of Ce@C82CH2-3,5-C6H3Me2 were synthesized to demonstrate the spatial sensing ability of Ce@C82. Single-crystal structures, absorption spectra, and density functional theory calculations were used to select the plausible addition positions in the radical coupling reaction, which preferentially happens on the carbon atoms with high electron density of the singly occupied molecular orbital (SOMO) and positive charge...
June 29, 2016: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Ken-ichi Kurotani, Kenji Hayashi, Saki Hatanaka, Yosuke Toda, Daisuke Ogawa, Hiroaki Ichikawa, Yasuhiro Ishimaru, Ryo Tashita, Takeshi Suzuki, Minoru Ueda, Tsukaho Hattori, Shin Takeda
The plant hormone jasmonate and its conjugates (JAs) have important roles in growth control, leaf senescence and defense responses against insects and microbial attacks. JA biosynthesis is induced by several stresses, including mechanical wounding, pathogen attacks, drought and salinity stresses. However, the roles of JAs under abiotic stress conditions are unclear. Here we report that increased expression of the Cyt P450 family gene CYP94C2b enhanced viability of rice plants under saline conditions. This gene encodes an enzyme closely related to CYP94C1 that catalyzes conversion of bioactive jasmonate-isoleucine (JA-Ile) into 12OH-JA-Ile and 12COOH-JA-Ile...
April 2015: Plant & Cell Physiology
Kazuaki Ninomiya, Shinya Kawabata, Hiroyuki Tashita, Nobuaki Shimizu
Ultrasound-mediated drug delivery was established using liposomes that were modified with the thermosensitive polymer (TSP) poly(NIPMAM-co-NIPAM), which sensitized the liposomes to high temperatures. TSP-modified liposomes (TSP liposomes) released encapsulated calcein under 1 MHz ultrasound irradiation at 0.5 W/cm(2) for 120 s as well as the case under incubation at 42 °C for 15 min. In addition, uptake of the drug released from TSP liposomes by cancer cells was enhanced by ultrasound irradiation. In a cell injury assay using doxorubicin (DOX)-loaded TSP liposomes and ultrasound irradiation, cell viability of HepG2 cells at 6 h after ultrasound irradiation (1 MHz, 0...
January 2014: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
Hironori Kobayashi, Hideaki Tashita, Hiroko Hara, Yukihiro Hasegawa
In purpose of identifying thyroid tissue in patients with congenital hypothyroidism during childhood, ultrasonography is usually used as a screening examination, and scintigraphy is performed secondarily. Though these methods are useful, it is not easy to identify the accurate location of thyroid tissue by these methods. We previously reported the utility of computed tomography (CT) in identifying thyroid tissue in four cases of congenital hypothyroidism. The purpose of this study is to investigate whether CT is useful in identifying thyroid tissue, compared to ultrasonography or scintigraphy...
April 2005: Endocrine Journal
Kazumasa Miyawaki, Yuichiro Yamada, Nobuhiro Ban, Yu Ihara, Katsushi Tsukiyama, Heying Zhou, Shimpei Fujimoto, Akira Oku, Kinsuke Tsuda, Shinya Toyokuni, Hiroshi Hiai, Wataru Mizunoya, Tohru Fushiki, Jens Juul Holst, Mitsuhiro Makino, Akira Tashita, Yukari Kobara, Yoshiharu Tsubamoto, Takayoshi Jinnouchi, Takahito Jomori, Yutaka Seino
Secretion of gastric inhibitory polypeptide (GIP), a duodenal hormone, is primarily induced by absorption of ingested fat. Here we describe a novel pathway of obesity promotion via GIP. Wild-type mice fed a high-fat diet exhibited both hypersecretion of GIP and extreme visceral and subcutaneous fat deposition with insulin resistance. In contrast, mice lacking the GIP receptor (Gipr(-/-)) fed a high-fat diet were clearly protected from both the obesity and the insulin resistance. Moreover, double-homozygous mice (Gipr(-/-), Lep(ob)/Lep(ob)) generated by crossbreeding Gipr(-/-) and obese ob/ob (Lep(ob)/Lep(ob)) mice gained less weight and had lower adiposity than Lep(ob)/Lep(ob) mice...
July 2002: Nature Medicine
I Ito, Y Yuzawa, M Mizuno, K Nishikawa, A Tashita, T Jomori, N Hotta, S Matsuo
In an attempt to explore a novel therapeutic approach, a new synthetic sulfatide derivative (SKK60037) was evaluated in an acute rat model of P-selectin and leukocyte-dependent thrombotic glomerulonephritis (TG). In vitro, SKK60037 inhibits the function of P- and L-selectin more effectively than sialyl Lewis X (sLe(x)), a well-established selectin blocker. TG was induced by the intravenous administration of nephrotoxic globulin (NTG) to rats pretreated with a subclinical dose of lipopolysaccharide. In this model, platelet accumulation was remarkable within 10 minutes after induction of disease, followed by the infiltration of leukocytes, mainly neutrophils and macrophages...
August 2001: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
T Terada, H Kaneko, T Fukao, H Tashita, A L Li, M Takemura, N Kondo
IgG2 deficiency is clinically characterized by sinopulmonary infections caused by pneumococcus and Hemophilus. We reported homozygous one-base insertion (1793insG) in the C(gamma)2 gene in two Japanese siblings in whom serum IgG2 levels were under detection limits. The 1793insG was present in exon 4, just upstream from the alternative splice site for M exons; the result being a complete amino acid change in transmembrane and cytosolic parts of membrane-bound gamma2 heavy chain (m gamma 2HC). To determine why this mutation caused selective and complete IgG2 deficiency, we constructed expression vectors of normal and mutant membrane-bound chimeric IgG heavy chain cDNAs...
February 2001: International Immunology
A Matsubara, K Tomida, Y Matsuda, K Tamai, A Tashita, T Jomori, A Tsujikawa, Y Ogura
A newly developed selSep;71(3)28 to block P- and L-selectins in vitro. We examined its inhibition of leukocyte-endothelial interactions in vivo against retinal ischemia-reperfusion injury and protective effects on ischemia-induced retinal damage. Retinal ischemia was induced by temporary ligation of the optic sheath for 60 min in anesthetized pigmented rats. SKK-60060 was administered 5 min before reperfusion and 4, 12, 24 and 48 hr thereafter, and leukocyte dynamics in the retinal microcirculation were evaluated using acridine orange digital fluorography...
September 2000: Experimental Eye Research
Y Suzuki, K Isogai, T Teramoto, H Tashita, N Shimozawa, M Nishimura, T Asano, M Oda, A Kamei, H Ishiguro, S Kato, T Ohashi, H Kobayashi, Y Eto, N Kondo
The effects of bone marrow transplantation (BMT) in X-linked childhood adrenoleukodystrophy (ALD) are described in four Japanese patients. Two older patients, 10-year-old boys with IQ 60 and difficulty in school, had favourable results. IQ levels and MRI findings were generally maintained after BMT. One patient showed improvement of gait disturbance. They have both attended ordinary schools after BMT, although a learning disorder persists. On the other hand, two other younger patients with a rapid course and indeterminate IQ at BMT showed deterioration of neurological functions...
July 2000: Journal of Inherited Metabolic Disease
T Fukao, T Yoshida, H Kaneko, X Q Song, H Tashita, T Teramoto, R Inoue, D Watters, M Lavin, N Kondo
Ataxia-telangiectasia (A-T) is a genetic disorder characterized by a progressive ataxia, immunodeficiency, neurological abnormalities, hypersensitivity to ionizing radiation, and predisposition to cancer. The gene responsible for A-T (ATM) has been cloned and shown to code for a 350 kDa polypeptide containing 3,056 amino acid residues. Detection of ATM mutations for laboratory diagnosis of A-T is laborious and not practical, unless there are common mutations in a population. We describe here immunoblot analysis for the detection of ATM in seven Japanese A-T patients from five families and in controls using ATM3BA antibody...
January 2000: Journal of Investigational Allergology & Clinical Immunology
T Shimizu, Y Yamada, A Tashita, K Yamamoto, H Kotaki, Y Sawada, T Iga
Sarpogrelate hydrochloride is an antiplatelet drug, and expected to be useful in the treatment of chronic arterial occlusive diseases. Sarpogrelate and its active metabolite (M-1) are potent inhibitors of human platelet aggregation, and selectively inhibit 5-HT2-serotonergic receptors on human platelets. However, the plasma concentrations of these inhibitors do not correlate to the inhibitory effect on platelet aggregation after administration. Sarpogrelate disappears from the plasma more rapidly in comparison to the duration of its pharmacological effect, and the plasma concentration of M-1 is very low (< 1/10 of sarpogrelate)...
November 1999: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
T Fukao, H Kaneko, G Birrell, M Gatei, H Tashita, T Yoshida, S Cross, P Kedar, D Watters, K K Khana, I Misko, N Kondo, M F Lavin
Patients with the human genetic disorder ataxia-telangiectasia (A-T) are characterized by immunodeficiency and a predisposition to develop lymphoid malignancies. The gene mutated in A-T patients, ATM, codes for a high molecular weight protein that is implicated in DNA damage recognition and cell cycle control. The ATM protein does not change in amount or cellular distribution throughout the cell cycle or in response to DNA damaging agents. Because peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) are largely in a state of quiescence and can be readily stimulated to enter a proliferative phase and because A-T cells exhibit growth abnormalities and senescence, indicative of a general intracellular defect in signalling, we chose PBMCs to examine the relationship of ATM to the proliferative status of the cell...
September 15, 1999: Blood
T Fukao, X Q Song, T Yoshida, H Tashita, H Kaneko, T Teramoto, R Inoue, K Katamura, M Mayumi, M Hiratani, N Taniguchi, J Arai, H Wakiguchi, A Bar-Shira, Y Shiloh, N Kondo
We analyzed the data regarding six Japanese ataxia-telangiectasia (A-T) patients from four unrelated families, at the DNA level, to search for possible common mutations in the Japanese population. Among eight mutant alleles in the four families, c. 4612del165 (exon 33 skipping) was identified in two alleles, and c. 5749A to T (R1917X), c. 7471T to C (W2491R), c.7883de15, and c. 8725A to G (R2909G) were identified in one allele each. We found no mutations in the other two alleles. The IVS33 + 2T-->A mutation was identified at the genomic level as the cause of exon 33 skipping...
1998: Human Mutation
N Kondo, T Fukao, H Kaneko, T Teramoto, H Tashita, R Inoue
Interleukin-4 (IL-4) induces germline C epsilon transcripts prior to C epsilon switch recombination in human B-lymphocytes. In chromatin, nucleosome-free regions known as nuclease hypersensitive sites represent the "open windows" that allow enhanced access of crucial resident cis-acting DNA sequences to transacting factors. In this study, lymphoblastoid cell lines (LCLs) were established from surface IgE negative B-cells of healthy children and patients with high levels of serum IgE, using Epstein-Barr virus...
July 1998: Journal of Investigational Allergology & Clinical Immunology
T Teramoto, T Fukao, H Tashita, R Inoue, H Kaneko, M Takemura, N Kondo
BACKGROUND: In patients with atopic diseases such as bronchial asthma and atopic dermatitis, an elevated serum IgE level is common. Several studies showed that interleukin-4(IL-4) and interferon-gamma (IFNgamma) are important for regulation of IgE production. OBJECTIVES: The study was designed to examine the pathogenesis of an elevated serum IgE level at the production levels of TH1-type and TH2-type cytokines. METHODS: The production of interleukin-2 (IL-2), IL-4, interleukin-5 (IL-5) and IFNgamma by peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) stimulated with phytohemagglutinin (PHA) was analysed in 20 individuals with various serum IgE levels...
January 1998: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
H Kaneko, R Inoue, T Fukao, K Kasahara, H Tashita, T Teramoto, N Kondo
Bloom syndrome (BS) is a rare autosomal recessive genetic disorder characterized by lupus-like erythematous telangiectasia of the face, sun sensitivity, infertility and stunted growth. Upper respiratory tract and gastrointestinal infections are commonly associated with the decreased immunoglobulin levels found in BS patients. Chromosomal abnormalities are hallmarks of the disorder, and high frequencies of sister chromatid exchanges and quadriradial configurations in lymphocytes and fibroblasts are virtually diagnostic...
November 1997: Leukemia & Lymphoma
T Fukao, H Tashita, T Teramoto, R Inoue, H Kaneko, K Komiyama, A Bar-Shira, S Gilad, Y Shiloh, M Nishimura, N Kondo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
1998: Human Mutation
H Tashita, T Fukao, H Kaneko, T Teramoto, R Inoue, K Kasahara, N Kondo
Patients with IgG2 deficiency have recurrent sinopulmonary infections caused by Pneumococcus and Hemophilus. Hereditary and selective IgG2 deficiency was suspected in two Japanese siblings whose serum IgG2 levels were under detection limits, while other serum levels of immunoglobulin subclasses were within normal ranges. Expression level of spontaneous germline Cgamma2 transcript was normal, but that of the spontaneous mature Cgamma2 transcript was greatly decreased in the patients' PBMCs, suggesting the presence of a defect at or after the class switch to Cgamma2...
February 1, 1998: Journal of Clinical Investigation
N Kondo, M Shinbara, R Inoue, T Fukao, H Kaneko, T Teramoto, H Tashita
Procaterol hydrochloride is a relatively new beta 2-selective agonist with a unique carbostyril nucleus. In this study, procaterol dose-dependently inhibited IFN-gamma production of peripheral blood mononuclear cells stimulated with ovalbumin in patients with hen's egg-sensitive atopic dermatitis, without inhibition of proliferative responses of peripheral blood mononuclear cells. Our results suggest that procaterol also has an effect as an immunomodulator, in addition to its effect as a beta 2-selective agonist...
July 1997: Journal of Investigational Allergology & Clinical Immunology
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