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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845032/streptococcus-pyogenes-translocates-across-an-epithelial-barrier
#1
Tomoko Sumitomo
Streptococcus pyogenes is a β-hemolytic organism responsible for a wide variety of human diseases that commonly occur as self-limiting purulent diseases of the pharynx and skin. Although the occurrence of invasive infections by S. pyogenes is rare, mortality rates remain high even with progressive medical therapy. As a prerequisite for causing the severe invasive disease, S. pyogenes must invade underlying sterile tissues by translocating across the epithelial barrier. In this study, streptolysin S and SpeB were identified as the novel factors that facilitate bacterial translocation via degradation of intercellular junctions...
2017: Nihon Saikingaku Zasshi. Japanese Journal of Bacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798081/a-role-for-tight-junction-associated-marvel-proteins-in-larval-sea-lamprey-petromyzon-marinus-osmoregulation
#2
Dennis Kolosov, Phuong Bui, Andrew Donini, Mike P Wilkie, Scott P Kelly
This study reports on tight junction-associated MARVEL proteins of larval sea lamprey (Petromyzon marinus) and their potential role in ammocoete osmoregulation. Two Occludin isoforms (designated Ocln and Ocln-a) and a tricellulin (Tric) were identified. Transcripts encoding ocln, ocln-a, and tric were broadly expressed in larval lamprey, with greatest abundance of ocln in gut, liver and kidney, ocln-a in the gill and skin, and tric in the kidney. Ocln and Ocln-a resolved as ∼63 kDa and ∼35 kDa MW proteins respectively while Tric resolved as a ∼50 kDa protein...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767685/histone-deacetylase-inhibition-prevents-cell-death-induced-by-loss-of-tricellular-tight-junction-proteins-in-temperature-sensitive-mouse-cochlear-cells
#3
Kenichi Takano, Takuya Kakuki, Yakuto Kaneko, Takayuki Kohno, Shin Kikuchi, Tetsuo Himi, Takashi Kojima
Tricellular tight junctions (tTJs) are specialized structures that occur where the corners of three cells meet to seal adjacent intercellular space. The molecular components of tTJs include tricellulin (TRIC) and lipolysis-stimulated lipoprotein receptor (LSR) which recruits TRIC, are required for normal hearing. Although loss of TRIC causes hearing loss with degeneration of cochlear cells, the detailed mechanisms remains unclear. In the present study, by using temperature-sensitive mouse cochlear cells, US/VOT-E36 cell line, we investigated the changes of TRIC and LSR during cochlear cell differentiation and the effects of histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors against cell degeneration induced by loss of TRIC and LSR...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713423/discovering-the-unexpected-with-the-utilization-of-ngs-in-diagnostics-of-non-syndromic-hearing-loss-disorders-the-family-case-of-ildr1-dependent-hearing-loss-disorder
#4
Jernej Kovač, Gašper Klančar, Katarina Trebušak Podkrajšek, Saba Battelino
Sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) is a heterogeneous family of hearing disabilities with congenital (including genetic) as well as acquired etiology. Congenital SNHL of genetic etiology is further sub-divided into autosomal dominant, autosomal recessive and X-linked SNHL. More than 60 genes are involved in the etiology of autosomal recessive non-syndromic hearing loss (ARNSHL) commonly manifesting as heterogeneous pre-lingual profound to severe non-progressive clinical phenotype. ILDR1-dependent ARNSHL (DFNB42, OMIM: # 609646) is a very rare sub-type of hearing disability, with unknown prevalence, caused by function-damaging genetic variants in ILDR1 gene reported in families of Middle-Eastern origin...
2017: Frontiers in Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705832/tricellular-junctions-how-to-build-junctions-at-the-trickiest-points-of-epithelial-cells
#5
Tomohito Higashi, Ann L Miller
Tricellular contacts are the places where three cells meet. In vertebrate epithelial cells, specialized structures called tricellular tight junctions (tTJs) and tricellular adherens junctions (tAJs) have been identified. tTJs are important for the maintenance of barrier function, and disruption of tTJ proteins contributes to familial deafness. tAJs have recently been attracting the attention of mechanobiologists because these sites are hot spots of epithelial tension. Although the molecular components, regulation, and function of tTJs and tAJs, as well as of invertebrate tricellular junctions, are beginning to be characterized, many questions remain...
July 15, 2017: Molecular Biology of the Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664907/erratum-group-a-streptococcus-exploits-human-plasminogen-for-bacterial-translocation-across-epithelial-barrier-via-tricellular-tight-junctions
#6
Tomoko Sumitomo, Masanobu Nakata, Miharu Higashino, Masaya Yamaguchi, Shigetada Kawabata
This corrects the article DOI: 10.1038/srep20069.
June 30, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661558/crystal-structure-of-the-tricellulin-c-terminal-coiled-coil-domain-reveals-a-unique-mode-of-dimerization
#7
Anja Schuetz, Veselina Radusheva, Susanne M Krug, Udo Heinemann
Tricellulin is a tight junction protein localized to tricellular contacts in many epithelial tissues, where it is required for full barrier control. Here, we present crystal structures of the tricellulin C-terminal coiled-coil domain, revealing a potential dimeric arrangement. By combining structural, biochemical, functional, and mutation analyses, we gain insight into the mode of tricellulin oligomerization and suggest a model where dimerization of its cytoplasmic C-terminus may play an auxiliary role in stabilizing homophilic and potentially also heterophilic cis-interactions within tight junctions...
June 29, 2017: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636623/the-basolateral-vesicle-sorting-machinery-and-basolateral-proteins-are-recruited-to-the-site-of-enteropathogenic-e-coli-microcolony-growth-at-the-apical-membrane
#8
Gitte A Pedersen, Helene H Jensen, Anne-Sofie B Schelde, Charlotte Toft, Hans N Pedersen, Maj Ulrichsen, Frédéric H Login, Manuel R Amieva, Lene N Nejsum
Foodborne Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC) infections of the small intestine cause diarrhea especially in children and are a major cause of childhood death in developing countries. EPEC infects the apical membrane of the epithelium of the small intestine by attaching, effacing the microvilli under the bacteria and then forming microcolonies on the cell surface. We first asked the question where on epithelial cells EPEC attaches and grows. Using models of polarized epithelial monolayers, we evaluated the sites of initial EPEC attachment to the apical membrane and found that EPEC preferentially attached over the cell-cell junctions and formed microcolonies preferentially where three cells come together at tricellular tight junctions...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633193/trictide-a-tricellulin-derived-peptide-to-overcome-cellular-barriers
#9
Jimmi Cording, Basak Arslan, Christian Staat, Sophie Dithmer, Susanne M Krug, Anneliese Krüger, Philipp Berndt, Ramona Günther, Lars Winkler, Ingolf E Blasig, Reiner F Haseloff
The majority of tight junction (TJ) proteins restrict the paracellular permeation of solutes via their extracellular loops (ECLs). Tricellulin tightens tricellular TJs (tTJs) and regulates bicellular TJ (bTJ) proteins. We demonstrate that the addition of recombinantly produced extracellular loop 2 (ECL2) of tricellulin opens cellular barriers. The peptidomimetic trictide, a synthetic peptide derived from tricellulin ECL2, increases the passage of ions, as well as of small and larger molecules up to 10 kDa, between 16 and 30 h after application to human epithelial colorectal adenocarcinoma cell line 2...
June 20, 2017: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628195/heterogeneity-of-tight-junctions-in-the-thick-ascending-limb
#10
REVIEW
Markus Bleich, Vera C Wulfmeyer, Nina Himmerkus, Susanne Milatz
Renal tubular transport mechanisms are optimized to be energy efficient and tailored to local gradients and transport rates. The combined transcellular action of ion channels, transporters, and pumps, together with the paracellular pathway, enables kidney function. Monogenetic diseases and mouse models indicate that both trans- and paracellular proteins can become disease-causing candidates and may be targets for future therapeutic approaches. Recent advances in tight junction research have provided new insights into their structure, function, and regulation...
June 19, 2017: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612843/tricellulin-is-regulated-via-interleukin-13-receptor-%C3%AE-2-affects-macromolecule-uptake-and-is-decreased-in-ulcerative-colitis
#11
S M Krug, C Bojarski, A Fromm, I M Lee, P Dames, J F Richter, J R Turner, M Fromm, J-D Schulzke
In the two inflammatory bowel diseases, ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn's disease (CD), altered expression of tight junction (TJ) proteins leads to an impaired epithelial barrier including increased uptake of luminal antigens supporting the inflammation. Here, we focused on regulation of tricellulin (Tric), a protein of the tricellular TJ essential for the barrier against macromolecules, and hypothesized a role in paracellular antigen uptake. We report that Tric is downregulated in UC, but not in CD, and that its reduction increases the passage of macromolecules...
June 14, 2017: Mucosal Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605032/contribution-of-the-tricellular-tight-junction-to-paracellular-permeability-in-leaky-and-tight-epithelia
#12
Susanne M Krug
The tricellular tight junction (tTJ) is a potential weak point of the paracellular barrier. For solving the proportional contribution of the tTJ, ion conductances and macromolecule permeabilities were analyzed in cell lines of different leakiness. MDCK II, Caco-2, and HT-29/B6 cells were subjected to two-path impedance spectroscopy and morphological analyses in order to calculate the contribution of the tTJ to paracellular and total ion conductivity. The contribution to macromolecule permeability was evaluated by tricellulin overexpression or knockdown...
June 2017: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528740/angubindin-1-a-novel-paracellular-absorption-enhancer-acting-at-the-tricellular-tight-junction
#13
Susanne M Krug, Tomohiro Hayaishi, Daisuke Iguchi, Akihiro Watari, Azusa Takahashi, Michael Fromm, Masahiro Nagahama, Hiroyuki Takeda, Yoshiaki Okada, Tatsuya Sawasaki, Takefumi Doi, Kiyohito Yagi, Masuo Kondoh
A limiting barrier for mucosal absorption of drugs is the tight junction (TJ). TJs exist between two adjacent cells (bicellular TJ, bTJ) and at the sites where three cells meet (tricellular TJ, tTJ). We present a novel approach which employs a physiologically regulated pathway for the passage of large molecules through the tTJ. Main barrier-relevant tTJ proteins are tricellulin and angulin-1 to -3. We developed an angulin binder from Clostridium perfringens iota-toxin (Ib) whose receptor is angulin-1. An Ib fragment corresponding to amino acids 421-664 (Ib421-664) of iota-toxin proved to bind in cells expressing angulin-1 and -3, but not angulin-2...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493278/the-bicellular-tensile-force-sorts-the-localization-of-lsrs-in-bicellular-and-tricellular-junctions
#14
Takayuki Kohno, Shin Kikuchi, Takafumi Ninomiya, Takashi Kojima
Lipolysis-stimulated lipoprotein receptors (LSRs) localize to tricellular tight junctions. Recent studies have shown that changes in the localization and expression profiles of LSRs are associated with malignancy of endometrial carcinomas, although the precise mechanisms by which malignant progression induces changes in the localization of LSRs are still unknown. In this study, we found that changes in cell tension correlated with alterations in the junctional localization of LSRs in endometrial cancer Sawano cells...
June 2017: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461473/ildr1-is-important-for-paracellular-water-transport-and-urine-concentration-mechanism
#15
Yongfeng Gong, Nina Himmerkus, Abby Sunq, Susanne Milatz, Cosima Merkel, Markus Bleich, Jianghui Hou
Whether the tight junction is permeable to water remains highly controversial. Here, we provide evidence that the tricellular tight junction is important for paracellular water permeation and that Ig-like domain containing receptor 1 (ILDR1) regulates its permeability. In the mouse kidney, ILDR1 is localized to tricellular tight junctions of the distal tubules. Genetic knockout of Ildr1 in the mouse kidney causes polyuria and polydipsia due to renal concentrating defects. Microperfusion of live renal distal tubules reveals that they are impermeable to water in normal animals but become highly permeable to water in Ildr1 knockout animals whereas paracellular ionic permeabilities in the Ildr1 knockout mouse renal tubules are not affected...
May 16, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436082/tricellulin-is-a-target-of-the-ubiquitin-ligase-itch
#16
Susanne Jennek, Sonnhild Mittag, Juliane Reiche, Julie K Westphal, Stefanie Seelk, Max J Dörfel, Thorsten Pfirrmann, Karlheinz Friedrich, Anja Schütz, Udo Heinemann, Otmar Huber
Tricellulin, a member of the tight junction-associated MAGUK protein family, preferentially localizes to tricellular junctions in confluent polarized epithelial cell layers and is downregulated during the epithelial-mesenchymal transition. Posttranslational modifications are assumed to play critical roles in the process of downregulation of tricellulin at the protein level. Here, we report that the E3 ubiquitin ligase Itch forms a complex with tricellulin and thereby enhances its ubiquitination. Pull-down assays confirmed a direct interaction between tricellulin and Itch, which is mediated by the Itch WW domain and the N-terminus of tricellulin...
June 2017: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071680/loss-of-tricellular-tight-junction-protein-lsr-promotes-cell-invasion-and-migration-via-upregulation-of-tead1-areg-in-human-endometrial-cancer
#17
Hiroshi Shimada, Shyuetsu Abe, Takayuki Kohno, Seiro Satohisa, Takumi Konno, Syunta Takahashi, Tsubasa Hatakeyama, Chihiro Arimoto, Takuya Kakuki, Yakuto Kaneko, Ken-Ichi Takano, Tsuyoshi Saito, Takashi Kojima
Lipolysis-stimulated lipoprotein receptor (LSR) is a unique molecule of tricellular contacts of normal and cancer cells. We investigated how the loss of LSR induced cell migration, invasion and proliferation in endometrial cancer cell line Sawano. mRNAs of amphiregulin (AREG) and TEA domain family member 1 (TEAD1) were markedly upregulated by siRNA-LSR. In endometrial cancer tissues, downregulation of LSR and upregulation of AREG were observed together with malignancy, and Yes-associated protein (YAP) was present in the nuclei...
January 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992405/tricellular-junctions-regulate-intestinal-stem-cell-behaviour-to-maintain-homeostasis
#18
Martin Resnik-Docampo, Christopher L Koehler, Rebecca I Clark, Joseph M Schinaman, Vivien Sauer, Daniel M Wong, Sophia Lewis, Cecilia D'Alterio, David W Walker, D Leanne Jones
Ageing results in loss of tissue homeostasis across taxa. In the intestine of Drosophila melanogaster, ageing is correlated with an increase in intestinal stem cell (ISC) proliferation, a block in terminal differentiation of progenitor cells, activation of inflammatory pathways, and increased intestinal permeability. However, causal relationships between these phenotypes remain unclear. Here, we demonstrate that ageing results in altered localization and expression of septate junction proteins in the posterior midgut, which is quite pronounced in differentiated enterocytes (ECs) at tricellular junctions (TCJs)...
January 2017: Nature Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796586/application-of-rice-microspore-preferred-promoters-to-manipulate-early-pollen-development-in-arabidopsis-a-heterologous-system
#19
Tien Dung Nguyen, Sunok Moon, Moe Moe Oo, Rupesh Tayade, Moon-Soo Soh, Jong Tae Song, Sung Aeong Oh, Ki Hong Jung, Soon Ki Park
Rice microspore-promoters. Based on microarray data analyzed for developing anthers and pollen grains, we identified nine rice microspore-preferred (RMP) genes, designated RMP1 through RMP9. To extend their biotechnological applicability, we then investigated the activity of RMP promoters originating from monocotyledonous rice in a heterologous system of dicotyledonous Arabidopsis. Expression of GUS was significantly induced in transgenic plants from the microspore to the mature pollen stages and was driven by the RMP1, RMP3, RMP4, RMP5, and RMP9 promoters...
December 2016: Plant Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795363/tricellular-tight-junction-protein-tricellulin-is-targeted-by-the-enteropathogenic-escherichia-coli-effector-espg1-leading-to-epithelial-barrier-disruption
#20
Vijay Morampudi, Franziska A Graef, Martin Stahl, Udit Dalwadi, Victoria S Conlin, Tina Huang, Bruce A Vallance, Hong B Yu, Kevan Jacobson
Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC)-induced diarrhea is often associated with disruption of intestinal epithelial tight junctions. Although studies have shown alterations in the expression and localization of bicellular tight junction proteins during EPEC infections, little is known about whether tricellular tight junction proteins (tTJs) are affected. Using Caco-2 cell monolayers, we investigated if EPEC is capable of targeting the tTJ protein tricellulin. Our results demonstrated that at 4 h postinfection, EPEC induced a significant reduction in tricellulin levels, accompanied by a significant loss of transepithelial resistance (TEER) and a corresponding increase in paracellular permeability...
January 2017: Infection and Immunity
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