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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056310/breastfeeding-outcomes-in-washington-state-determining-the-effect-of-loving-support-peer-counseling-program-and-characteristics-of-participants-at-wic-agencies
#1
Catherine Hui Min Lee, Jean O'Leary, Phyllis Kirk, Timothy A Lower
OBJECTIVE: Determining the effect of the Loving Support Peer Counseling Program (LSPCP), and characteristics of participants on breastfeeding (BF) outcomes at Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) agencies in Washington State. DESIGN: Nonrandomized treatment vs control. SETTING: Public Health-Seattle and King County (PHSKC), Catholic Health Initiatives Franciscan Medical Group (CHIFMG). PARTICIPANTS: Women enrolled in WIC (intervention: PHSKC, n = 15,290; CHIFMG, n = 3,582)...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048962/integrating-hiv-surveillance-and-field-services-data-quality-and-care-continuum-in-king-county-washington-2010-2015
#2
Julia E Hood, David A Katz, Amy B Bennett, Susan E Buskin, Julia C Dombrowski, Stephen E Hawes, Matthew R Golden
OBJECTIVES: To assess how integration of HIV surveillance and field services might influence surveillance data and linkage to care metrics. METHODS: We used HIV surveillance and field services data from King County, Washington, to assess potential impact of misclassification of prior diagnoses on numbers of new diagnoses. The relationship between partner services and linkage to care was evaluated with multivariable log-binomial regression models. RESULTS: Of the 2842 people who entered the King County HIV Surveillance System in 2010 to 2015, 52% were newly diagnosed, 41% had a confirmed prior diagnosis in another state, and 7% had an unconfirmed prior diagnosis...
December 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045604/increases-in-neisseria-gonorrhoeae-with-reduced-susceptibility-to-azithromycin-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-msm-in-seattle-king-county-washington-2012-2016
#3
Lindley A Barbee, Olusegun O Soge, David A Katz, Julia C Dombrowski, King K Holmes, Matthew R Golden
Background: Antimicrobial-resistant Neisseria gonorrhea is a major public health threat. The CDC recommends that clinicians treat gonorrhea with ceftriaxone 250mg plus azithromycin 1g. Resistance to azithromycin could affect gonorrhea control efforts. Methods: We evaluated antimicrobial susceptibility profiles and clinical data of gonococcal isolates collected at the Public Health-Seattle & King County (PHSKC) STD Clinic from 2012-2016, focusing on 2014-2016. We compared cases with CDC azithromycin (AZM) alert value MIC (MIC ≥2 µg/mL) to those with AZM MIC ≤1 µg/mL, and evaluated clinical outcomes...
October 16, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040244/a-prospective-study-of-the-causes-of-bruises-in-premobile-infants
#4
Kenneth W Feldman, Tricia M Tayama, Leslie E Strickler, Lee A Johnson, Gauri Kolhatkar, Catherine A DeRidder, Dana C Matthews, Robert Sidbury, James A Taylor
OBJECTIVE: This study had 2 objectives. First, to determine the behavior of physicians evaluating premobile infants with bruises. Second, and most importantly, to learn whether infants with unexplained bruising who had been initially evaluated by primary care and emergency department (ED) physicians are as likely to have their bruises attributed to child abuse as those children evaluated by child abuse physicians. METHODS: Primary care, ED, and child abuse pediatricians (CAPs) in King County, Washington, San Mateo, Calif, Albuquerque, NM, La Crosse, Wis, and Torrance, Calif prospectively identified and studied infants younger than 6 months with less than 6 bruises, which were judged by the evaluating clinician to be explained or unexplained after their initial clinical examination...
October 16, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989271/the-causal-effect-of-bus-rapid-transit-on-changes-in-transit-ridership
#5
Orion T Stewart, Anne Vernez Moudon, Brian E Saelens
Numerous studies have reported ridership increases along routes when Bus rapid transit (BRT) replaces conventional bus service, but these increases could be due simply to broader temporal trends in transit ridership. To address this limitation, we compared changes in ridership among routes where BRT was implemented to routes where BRT was planned or already existed in King County, Washington. Ridership was measured at 2010, 2013, and 2014. Ridership increased by 35% along routes where BRT was implemented from 2010 to 2013 compared to routes that maintained conventional bus service...
2017: Journal of Public Transportation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965262/foreign-born-individuals-with-hiv-in-king-county-wa-a-glimpse-of-the-future-of-hiv
#6
Roxanne Kerani, Amy B Bennett, Matt Golden, Jocelyn Castillo, Susan E Buskin
To better understand country of birth-related shifts in the demography of people newly diagnosed with HIV infection, we compared demographic and clinical characteristics of foreign-born and U.S.-born residents of King County, WA diagnosed with HIV from 2006 to 2015. The proportion of cases that were foreign-born increased from 23 to 34% during this time. Most foreign-born cases were born in Africa (34%), Latin America (32%), Asia (22%), or Europe (7%). Latin Americans and Asians were similar to U.S.-born individuals by HIV risk factor and gender, while Africans were more likely to be female and less often men who have sex with men...
September 30, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944321/effect-of-evacuation-and-displacement-on-the-association-between-flooding-and-mental-health-outcomes-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-uk-survey-data
#7
Alice Munro, R Sari Kovats, G James Rubin, Thomas David Waite, Angie Bone, Ben Armstrong
BACKGROUND: Extensive flooding occurred during the winter of 2013-14 in England. Previous studies have shown that flooding affects mental health. Using data from the 2013-14 Public Health England National Study of Flooding and Health, we compared the prevalence of symptoms of depression, anxiety, and post-traumatic stress disorder between participants displaced by flooding and those flooded, but not displaced, 1 year after flooding. METHODS: In this multivariable ordinal regression analysis, we collected data from a cross-sectional survey collected 1 year after the flooding event from flood-affected postcodes in five counties in England...
July 2017: The Lancet. Planetary health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916666/regional-evaluation-of-the-severity-based-stroke-triage-algorithm-for-emergency-medical-services-using-discrete-event-simulation
#8
Brittany M Bogle, Andrew W Asimos, Wayne D Rosamond
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The Severity-Based Stroke Triage Algorithm for Emergency Medical Services endorses routing patients with suspected large vessel occlusion acute ischemic strokes directly to endovascular stroke centers (ESCs). We sought to evaluate different specifications of this algorithm within a region. METHODS: We developed a discrete event simulation environment to model patients with suspected stroke transported according to algorithm specifications, which varied by stroke severity screen and permissible additional transport time for routing patients to ESCs...
October 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892445/applying-the-15-public-health-emergency-preparedness-capabilities-to-support-large-scale-tuberculosis-investigations-in-complex-congregate-settings
#9
Alison Jaffe Levy, Katelynne Gardner Toren, Carina Elsenboss, Masahiro Narita
Public Health-Seattle and King County, a metropolitan health department in western Washington, experiences rates of tuberculosis (TB) that are 1.6 times higher than are state and national averages. The department's TB Control Program uses public health emergency management tools and capabilities sustained with Centers for Disease Control and Prevention grant funding to manage large-scale complex case investigations. We have described 3 contact investigations in large congregate settings that the TB Control Program conducted in 2015 and 2016...
September 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891937/the-impact-of-a-city-level-minimum-wage-policy-on-supermarket-food-prices-in-seattle-king-county
#10
Jennifer J Otten, James Buszkiewicz, Wesley Tang, Anju Aggarwal, Mark Long, Jacob Vigdor, Adam Drewnowski
Background: Many states and localities throughout the U.S. have adopted higher minimum wages. Higher labor costs among low-wage food system workers could result in higher food prices. Methods: Using a market basket of 106 foods, food prices were collected at affected chain supermarket stores in Seattle and same-chain unaffected stores in King County (n = 12 total, six per location). Prices were collected at 1 month pre- (March 2015) and 1-month post-policy enactment (May 2015), then again 1-year post-policy enactment (May 2016)...
September 9, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886604/the-imperial-county-community-air-monitoring-network-a-model-for-community-based-environmental-monitoring-for-public-health-action
#11
Paul B English, Luis Olmedo, Ester Bejarano, Humberto Lugo, Eduardo Murillo, Edmund Seto, Michelle Wong, Galatea King, Alexa Wilkie, Dan Meltzer, Graeme Carvlin, Michael Jerrett, Amanda Northcross
The Imperial County Community Air Monitoring Network (the Network) is a collaborative group of community, academic, nongovernmental, and government partners designed to fill the need for more detailed data on particulate matter in an area that often exceeds air quality standards. The Network employs a community-based environmental monitoring process in which the community and researchers have specific, well-defined roles as part of an equitable partnership that also includes shared decision-making to determine study direction, plan research protocols, and conduct project activities...
July 31, 2017: Environmental Health Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876285/a-web-application-to-facilitate-syphilis-reactor-grid-evaluations
#12
Tigran Avoundjian, Christine M Khosropour, Matthew R Golden, Lindley A Barbee, Julia C Dombrowski
BACKGROUND: Many health departments use a "reactor grid" to determine which laboratory-reported syphilis serologic test results require investigation. We developed a Web-based tool, the Syphilis Reactor Grid Evaluator (SRGE), to facilitate health department reactor grid evaluations and test the tool using data from Seattle & King County, Washington. METHODS: We developed SRGE using the R Shiny Web application framework. When populated with a data set including titer results and final disposition codes, SRGE displays the percent of verified early syphilis cases by serologic titer result and patient age in each cell of the grid...
August 28, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845515/a-multi-sector-assessment-of-community-organizational-capacity-for-promotion-of-chinese-immigrant-worker-health
#13
Jenny H-C Tsai, Elaine A Thompson
BACKGROUND: Community-based collaborative approaches have received increased attention as a means for addressing occupational health disparities. Organizational capacity, highly relevant to engaging and sustaining community partnerships, however, is rarely considered in occupational health research. METHODS: To characterize community organizational capacity specifically relevant to Chinese immigrant worker health, we used a cross-sectional, descriptive design with 36 agencies from six community sectors in King County, Washington...
August 28, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829718/development-and-field-validation-of-a-community-engaged-particulate-matter-air-quality-monitoring-network-in-imperial-california
#14
Graeme N Carvlin, Humberto Lugo, Luis Olmedo, Ester Bejarano, Alexa Wilkie, Dan Meltzer, Michelle Wong, Galatea King, Amanda Northcross, Michael Jerrett, Paul B English, Donald Hammond, Edmund Seto
The Imperial County Community Air Monitoring Network was developed as part of a community-engaged research study to provide real-time particulate matter (PM) air quality information at a high spatial resolution in Imperial County, California. The network augmented the few existing regulatory monitors and increased monitoring near susceptible populations. Monitors were both calibrated and field validated, a key component of evaluating the quality of the data produced by the community monitoring network. This paper examines the performance of a customized version of the low-cost Dylos optical particle counter used in the community air monitors compared with both PM2...
August 22, 2017: Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28825639/a-geographical-analysis-of-emergency-medical-service-calls-and-extreme-heat-in-king-county-wa-usa-2007-2012
#15
Aubrey C DeVine, Phuong T Vu, Michael G Yost, Edmund Y W Seto, Tania M Busch Isaksen
This research analyzed the relationship between extreme heat and Emergency Medical Service (EMS) calls in King County, WA, USA between 2007 and 2012, including the effect of community-level characteristics. Extreme heat thresholds for the Basic Life Support (BLS) data and the Advanced Life Support (ALS) data were found using a piecewise generalized linear model with Akaike Information Criterion (AIC). The association between heat exposure and EMS call rates was investigated using a generalized estimating equations with Poisson mean model, while adjusting for community-level indicators of poverty, impervious surface, and elderly population (65+)...
August 20, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809775/evaluation-of-an-automated-express-care-triage-model-to-identify-clinically-relevant-cases-in-a-sexually-transmitted-disease-clinic
#16
Laura C Chambers, Lisa E Manhart, David A Katz, Matthew R Golden, Lindley A Barbee, Julia C Dombrowski
BACKGROUND: Many sexually transmitted disease (STD) clinics offer testing-only "express" visits. We evaluated the express care triage algorithm that is based on a computer-assisted self-interview (CASI) used in the Public Health-Seattle and King County STD Clinic. METHODS: During the analysis period, patients received a clinician evaluation irrespective of triage status. In this cross-sectional study, we compared the algorithm triage status to a disease-focused outcome determined by medical record review...
September 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803184/association-of-asthma-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-a-population-based-case-control-study
#17
Youn Ho Sheen, Mary C Rolfes, Chung-Il Wi, Cindy S Crowson, Richard S Pendegraft, Katherine S King, Euijung Ryu, Young J Juhn
BACKGROUND: TH1 and TH2 cells have counterregulatory relationships. However, the relationship between asthma, a TH2-predominant condition, and risk of systemic inflammatory diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis (RA), a TH1 condition, is poorly understood. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to determine whether asthma was associated with increased risks of incident RA among adults. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective population-based case-control study that examined existing incident RA cases and controls matched by age, sex, and registration year from the general population in Olmsted County, Minnesota, between January 2002 and December 2007...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675882/characterizing-spatiotemporal-dynamics-in-phenology-of-urban-ecosystems-based-on-landsat-data
#18
Xuecao Li, Yuyu Zhou, Ghassem R Asrar, Lin Meng
Seasonal phenology of vegetation plays an important role in global carbon cycle and ecosystem productivity. In urban environments, vegetation phenology is also important because of its influence on public health (e.g., allergies), and energy demand (e.g. cooling effects). In this study, we studied the potential use of remotely sensed observations (i.e. Landsat data) to derive some phenology indicators for vegetation embedded within the urban core domains in four distinctly different U.S. regions (Washington, D...
December 15, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669288/incremental-benefit-cost-of-momcare-collaborative-care-for-perinatal-depression-among-economically-disadvantaged-women
#19
Nancy K Grote, Gregory E Simon, Joan Russo, Mary Jane Lohr, Kathy Carson, Wayne Katon
OBJECTIVE: Effectiveness of collaborative care for perinatal depression has been demonstrated for MOMCare, from early pregnancy up to 15 months postpartum, for Medicaid enrollees in a public health system. MOMCare had a greater impact on reducing depression and improving functioning for women with comorbid posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) than for those without PTSD. This study estimated the incremental benefit and cost and the net benefit of MOMCare for women with major depression and PTSD...
November 1, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665517/a-cumulative-deficit-laboratory-test-based-frailty-index-personal-and-neighborhood-associations
#20
Katherine E King, Gerda G Fillenbaum, Harvey J Cohen
OBJECTIVES: To explore the association between a newly developed cumulative laboratory-based frailty index (FI) and intrinsic (personal) and extrinsic (social, environmental) characteristics. DESIGN: Cross-sectional longitudinal study. SETTING: The third and fourth waves of the community-representative, five-county, 10-year Duke Established Populations for Epidemiologic Studies of the Elderly study, carried out in a health service-rich area...
September 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
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