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Michelle Wong, Esther Bejarano, Graeme Carvlin, Katie Fellows, Galatea King, Humberto Lugo, Michael Jerrett, Dan Meltzer, Amanda Northcross, Luis Olmedo, Edmund Seto, Alexa Wilkie, Paul English
Air pollution continues to be a global public health threat, and the expanding availability of small, low-cost air sensors has led to increased interest in both personal and crowd-sourced air monitoring. However, to date, few low-cost air monitoring networks have been developed with the scientific rigor or continuity needed to conduct public health surveillance and inform policy. In Imperial County, California, near the U.S./Mexico border, we used a collaborative, community-engaged process to develop a community air monitoring network that attains the scientific rigor required for research, while also achieving community priorities...
March 15, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Julia C Dombrowski, Matthew R Golden, Lindley A Barbee, Christine M Khosropour
Among 307 patients enrolled in an HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) program in the Public Health - Seattle & King County STD Clinic, 52 patients (17%) did not fill their PrEP prescription and 40% of those who started PrEP discontinued it at least once within 12 months.
February 26, 2018: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
A Drewnowski, J Buszkiewicz, A Aggarwal, A Cook, A V Moudon
Objective: The aim of this study is to map obesity prevalence in Seattle King County at the census block level. Methods: Data for 1,632 adult men and women came from the Seattle Obesity Study I. Demographic, socioeconomic and anthropometric data were collected via telephone survey. Home addresses were geocoded, and tax parcel residential property values were obtained from the King County tax assessor. Multiple logistic regression tested associations between house prices and obesity rates...
February 2018: Obesity Science & Practice
Rosie Dew, Kathryn King, Onyebuchi E Okosieme, Simon H Pearce, Gemma Donovan, Peter N Taylor, Janis Hickey, Colin M Dayan, Graham Leese, Salman Razvi, Scott Wilkes
OBJECTIVE: To explore the attitudes and perceptions of health professionals towards management of hypothyroidism that contributes to the suboptimal treatment of hypothyroidism in general practice. DESIGN: A qualitative interview study using semistructured interviews. PARTICIPANTS: Sixteen participants were interviewed between March and August 2016 comprising nine general practitioners (GPs), four pharmacists, two practice nurses and one nurse practitioner...
February 21, 2018: BMJ Open
Julia C Dombrowski, James P Hughes, Susan E Buskin, Amy Bennett, David Katz, Mark Fleming, Angela Nunez, Matthew R Golden
BACKGROUND: Many U.S. health departments have implemented Data to Care interventions, which use HIV surveillance data to identify persons who are inadequately engaged in HIV medical care and assist them with care re-engagment, but the effectiveness of this strategy is uncertain. METHODS: We conducted a stepped wedge cluster randomized evaluation of a Data to Care intervention in King County, Washington 2011-2014. Persons diagnosed with HIV for ≥6 months were eligible based on one of two criteria: 1) VL >500 copies/mL and CD4 <350 cells/μL at last report in the past 12 months or 2) no CD4 or viral load (VL) reported to the health department for ≥12 months...
November 16, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
James F Sallis, Terry L Conway, Kelli L Cain, Jordan A Carlson, Lawrence D Frank, Jacqueline Kerr, Karen Glanz, James E Chapman, Brian E Saelens
INTRODUCTION: The study examined the association of neighborhood walkability to multiple activity-related outcomes and BMI among adolescents and evaluated socioeconomic status as an effect modifier. METHOD: Cross-sectional study, with adolescents recruited from neighborhoods that met criteria for a 2 × 2 matrix defined by high/low GIS-defined walkability and high/low median income. Adolescents aged 12-16 years (n = 928) were recruited from selected neighborhoods in Maryland and King County, Washington regions in 2009-2011...
February 9, 2018: Preventive Medicine
Laura C Chambers, Christine M Khosropour, David A Katz, Julia C Dombrowski, Lisa E Manhart, Matthew R Golden
Background: Chlamydia trachomatis is the most common reportable infection in the US and can cause pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) and tubal factor infertility (TFI). Methods: We created lifetables to estimate the "lifetime" risk of chlamydia diagnosis among women age 15-34 in King County, Washington, US, 1992-2014. We estimated the lifetime risk of chlamydia-associated PID and TFI, incorporating published estimates of the risk of sequelae by chlamydia testing history...
February 6, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
Amanda L Spoden, James H Buszkiewicz, Adam Drewnowski, Mark C Long, Jennifer J Otten
OBJECTIVE: To examine the impacts of Seattle's minimum wage ordinance on food prices by food processing category. DESIGN: Supermarket food prices were collected for 106 items using a University of Washington Center for Public Health Nutrition market basket at affected and unaffected supermarket chain stores at three times: March 2015 (1-month pre-policy enactment), May 2015 (1-month post-policy enactment) and May 2016 (1-year post-policy enactment). Food items were categorized into four food processing groups, from minimally to ultra-processed...
February 7, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
Keisha A Houston, Khadijah A Mitchell, Jessica King, Arica White, Bríd M Ryan
INTRODUCTION: Lung cancer incidence is higher among NH blacks compared with NH white and Hispanic populations in the U.S. However, national cancer estimates may not always reflect the cancer burden in terms of disparities and incidence in small geographic areas, especially urban-rural disparities. Moreover, there is a gap in the literature regarding rural-urban disparities in terms of cancer histology. METHODS: Using population-based cancer registry data-Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) and National Program of Cancer Registries (NPCR)-we present age-adjusted histologic rates and trends by race/ethnicity, and residential county location at the time of first cancer diagnosis...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Thoracic Oncology
Michael J Harwood, Maurice R Yeadon, Mark A King
In order to get bounce and movement seam bowlers need to bowl the ball "into" the pitch. Standard deliveries by elite players are typically projected at around 7° below horizontal. In contrast, young players currently often need to release the ball almost horizontally in an effort to get the ball to bounce close enough to the batter. We anticipated that shortening the pitch could be a simple way to help young bowlers to release the ball at a better angle and with more consistency. Twenty county or best in club age group under 10 and under 11 seam bowlers were analysed bowling indoors on two different pitch lengths...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Sports Sciences
Vance Kawakami, Amanda Casto, Niranjana Natarajan, Anna Snyder, Jonathan Mosser, Jesse Bonwitt, Matthew P Kronman, Meagan Kay
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 19, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
Andrew J Latimer, Sofia Husain, Jonathan Nolan, Vinod Doreswamy, Thomas D Rea, Michael R Sayre, Mickey S Eisenberg
OBJECTIVE: In recent years, the costs of epinephrine autoinjectors (EAIs) in the United States have risen substantially. King County Emergency Medical Services implemented the "Check and Inject" program to replace EAIs by teaching emergency medical technicians (EMTs) to manually aspirate epinephrine from a single-use 1 mg/mL epinephrine vial using a needle and syringe followed by prehospital intramuscular administration of the correct adult or pediatric dose of epinephrine for anaphylaxis or serious allergic reaction...
January 15, 2018: Prehospital Emergency Care
Bhavisha Patel, Chung-Il Wi, M Earth Hasassri, Rohit Divekar, Imad Absah, Eyad Almallouhi, Euijung Ryu, Katherine King, Young J Juhn
BACKGROUND: Although human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-DR and HLA-DQ genes and gluten play crucial roles in developing celiac disease (CD), most patients with these risk factors still do not develop CD, which indicates additional unrecognized risk factors. OBJECTIVE: To determine the association between asthma and the risk of CD in children. METHODS: We conducted a population-based retrospective case-control study in children who resided in Olmsted County, Minnesota...
January 1, 2018: Allergy and Asthma Proceedings:
Sarah Knerr, Rachel M Ceballos, Kwun Chuen Gary Chan, Shirley A A Beresford, Deborah J Bowen
OBJECTIVE: Individuals' beliefs about the causes of multifactorial health conditions (causal attributions) shape how they conceptualize and respond to health threats and are therefore important for health promotion. Studies of racial/ethnic and cultural variation in obesity causal beliefs, however, are scarce. To address this gap, this study described beliefs about the underlying causes of obesity (genetic inheritance, diet, and physical activity) in Hispanic and non-Hispanic White women participating in a longitudinal cohort study in South King County, Washington State (n = 1,002)...
December 15, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
Sara Nelson Glick, Richard Burt, Kim Kummer, Joe Tinsley, Caleb J Banta-Green, Matthew R Golden
BACKGROUND: In King County, Washington, the HIV prevalence among men who have sex with men (MSM) who inject methamphetamine is high, while it is low among other people who inject drugs (PWID). Local drug problem indicators suggest that methamphetamine use is increasing. The extent to which this increase affects MSM and non-MSM, and whether MSM and non-MSM networks are connected through injection equipment sharing, is unknown. METHODS: We used data from two serial cross-sectional surveys of PWID including five biannual surveys of Public Health-Seattle and King County Needle and Syringe Exchange Program clients (NSEP, N=2135, 2009-2017) and three National HIV Behavioral Surveillance IDU surveys (NHBS, N=1709, 2009-2015)...
January 1, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
Robert S Levine, Jason L Salemi, Maria C Mejia de Grubb, Lisa S Gittner, Michael A Langston, Baqar A Husaini, George Rust, Charles H Hennekens
OBJECTIVE: Describe trends in non-Hispanic black infant mortality (IM) in the New York City (NYC) counties of Bronx, Kings, Queens, and Manhattan and correlations with gun-related assault mortality. METHODS: Linked Birth/Infant Death data (1999-2013) and Compressed Mortality data at ages 1 to ≥85 years (1999-2013). NYC and United States (US) Census data for income inequality and poverty. Pearson coefficients were used to describe correlations of IM with gun-related assault mortality and other causes of death...
January 2017: Journal of the National Medical Association
Catherine Hui Min Lee, Jean O'Leary, Phyllis Kirk, Timothy A Lower
OBJECTIVE: Determining the effect of the Loving Support Peer Counseling Program (LSPCP), and characteristics of participants on breastfeeding (BF) outcomes at Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) agencies in Washington State. DESIGN: Nonrandomized treatment vs control. SETTING: Public Health-Seattle and King County (PHSKC), Catholic Health Initiatives Franciscan Medical Group (CHIFMG). PARTICIPANTS: Women enrolled in WIC (intervention: PHSKC, n = 15,290; CHIFMG, n = 3,582)...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
Julia E Hood, David A Katz, Amy B Bennett, Susan E Buskin, Julia C Dombrowski, Stephen E Hawes, Matthew R Golden
OBJECTIVES: To assess how integration of HIV surveillance and field services might influence surveillance data and linkage to care metrics. METHODS: We used HIV surveillance and field services data from King County, Washington, to assess potential impact of misclassification of prior diagnoses on numbers of new diagnoses. The relationship between partner services and linkage to care was evaluated with multivariable log-binomial regression models. RESULTS: Of the 2842 people who entered the King County HIV Surveillance System in 2010 to 2015, 52% were newly diagnosed, 41% had a confirmed prior diagnosis in another state, and 7% had an unconfirmed prior diagnosis...
December 2017: American Journal of Public Health
Lindley A Barbee, Olusegun O Soge, David A Katz, Julia C Dombrowski, King K Holmes, Matthew R Golden
Background: Antimicrobial-resistant Neisseria gonorrhea is a major public health threat. The CDC recommends that clinicians treat gonorrhea with ceftriaxone 250mg plus azithromycin 1g. Resistance to azithromycin could affect gonorrhea control efforts. Methods: We evaluated antimicrobial susceptibility profiles and clinical data of gonococcal isolates collected at the Public Health-Seattle & King County (PHSKC) STD Clinic from 2012-2016, focusing on 2014-2016. We compared cases with CDC azithromycin (AZM) alert value MIC (MIC ≥2 µg/mL) to those with AZM MIC ≤1 µg/mL, and evaluated clinical outcomes...
October 16, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
Kenneth W Feldman, Tricia M Tayama, Leslie E Strickler, Lee A Johnson, Gauri Kolhatkar, Catherine A DeRidder, Dana C Matthews, Robert Sidbury, James A Taylor
OBJECTIVE: This study had 2 objectives. First, to determine the behavior of physicians evaluating premobile infants with bruises. Second, and most importantly, to learn whether infants with unexplained bruising who had been initially evaluated by primary care and emergency department (ED) physicians are as likely to have their bruises attributed to child abuse as those children evaluated by child abuse physicians. METHODS: Primary care, ED, and child abuse pediatricians (CAPs) in King County, Washington, San Mateo, Calif, Albuquerque, NM, La Crosse, Wis, and Torrance, Calif prospectively identified and studied infants younger than 6 months with less than 6 bruises, which were judged by the evaluating clinician to be explained or unexplained after their initial clinical examination...
October 16, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
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