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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768510/correction-a-new-method-for-estimating-the-number-of-undiagnosed-hiv-infected-based-on-hiv-testing-history-with-an-application-to-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-seattle-king-county-wa
#1
Ian E Fellows, Martina Morris, Jeanette K Birnbaum, Julia C Dombrowski, Susan Buskin, Amy Bennett, Matthew R Golden
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0129551.].
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753629/impact-of-delayed-prescription-fill-on-readmission-rates-for-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-and-heart-failure
#2
Aaron Kovacik, Paula C Bell, Sean King, Amy Mallon, James Renfroe, Charles Dyer
OBJECTIVES: In an effort to reduce reimbursement penalty from the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, hospitals have looked to evaluate the effectiveness of existing programs as well as adopt innovative practices to reduce 30-day readmission rates. The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of delaying prescription fill on 30-day readmission rates for patients with heart failure (HF) and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Identifying an association between delaying prescription fill and readmission rate would validate programs that provide patients with their medications before discharge...
May 9, 2018: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727748/linking-green-space-to-neighborhood-social-capital-in-older-adults-the-role-of-perceived-safety
#3
Andy Hong, James F Sallis, Abby C King, Terry L Conway, Brian Saelens, Kelli L Cain, Eric H Fox, Lawrence D Frank
This study examines the moderating effect of perceived safety on the association of green space with neighborhood social capital in older adults. Green space may play an important role for promoting neighborhood social capital and health for older adults; however, safety remains a significant challenge in maximizing the benefits of green space. Data were drawn from 647 independent-living seniors who participated in the Senior Neighborhood Quality of Life Study in the Seattle/King County and Baltimore/Washington DC region...
April 30, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29699421/work-and-home-neighborhood-design-and-physical-activity
#4
Jordan A Carlson, Lawrence D Frank, Jared Ulmer, Terry L Conway, Brian E Saelens, Kelli L Cain, James F Sallis
PURPOSE: To investigate relations of perceived worksite neighborhood environments to total physical activity and active transportation, over and above home neighborhood built environments. DESIGN: Observational epidemiologic study. SETTING: Baltimore, Maryland-Washington, DC, and Seattle-King County, Washington metropolitan areas. PARTICIPANTS: One thousand eighty-five adults (mean age = 45.0 [10.2]; 46% women) recruited from 32 neighborhoods stratified by high/low neighborhood income and walkability...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696296/a-heterogeneous-response-of-liver-and-skeletal-muscle-fat-to-the-combination-of-a-paleolithic-diet-and-exercise-in-obese-individuals-with-type-2-diabetes-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#5
Julia Otten, Andreas Stomby, Maria Waling, Andreas Isaksson, Ingegerd Söderström, Mats Ryberg, Michael Svensson, Jón Hauksson, Tommy Olsson
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: The aim of the study was to investigate ectopic fat deposition and insulin sensitivity, in a parallel single-blinded randomised controlled trial, comparing Paleolithic diet alone with the combination of Paleolithic diet and exercise in individuals with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: Thirty-two individuals with type 2 diabetes with BMI 25-40 kg/m2 and 30-70 years of age followed a Paleolithic diet ad libitum for 12 weeks. In addition, study participants were randomised by computer program to either supervised combined exercise training (PD-EX group) or standard care exercise recommendations (PD group)...
April 26, 2018: Diabetologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658314/comparing-strategies-for-recruiting-small-low-wage-worksites-for-community-based-health-promotion-research
#6
Kristen Hammerback, Peggy A Hannon, Amanda T Parrish, Claire Allen, Marlana J Kohn, Jeffrey R Harris
BACKGROUND: HealthLinks is a workplace health promotion program developed in partnership with the American Cancer Society. It delivers a package of evidence-based interventions and implementation support to small worksites in low-wage industries. As part of a randomized, controlled trial of HealthLinks, we studied approaches to recruiting these worksites. AIMS: This study aims to guide future recruitment for community-based worksite health promotion interventions by comparing three approaches, including leveraging relationships with community partners...
April 1, 2018: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29543726/combining-community-engagement-and-scientific-approaches-in-next-generation-monitor-siting-the-case-of-the-imperial-county-community-air-network
#7
Michelle Wong, Esther Bejarano, Graeme Carvlin, Katie Fellows, Galatea King, Humberto Lugo, Michael Jerrett, Dan Meltzer, Amanda Northcross, Luis Olmedo, Edmund Seto, Alexa Wilkie, Paul English
Air pollution continues to be a global public health threat, and the expanding availability of small, low-cost air sensors has led to increased interest in both personal and crowd-sourced air monitoring. However, to date, few low-cost air monitoring networks have been developed with the scientific rigor or continuity needed to conduct public health surveillance and inform policy. In Imperial County, California, near the U.S./Mexico border, we used a collaborative, community-engaged process to develop a community air monitoring network that attains the scientific rigor required for research, while also achieving community priorities...
March 15, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29485544/patient-disengagement-from-an-hiv-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-program-in-a-sexually-transmitted-disease-clinic
#8
Julia C Dombrowski, Matthew R Golden, Lindley A Barbee, Christine M Khosropour
Among 307 patients enrolled in an HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) program in the Public Health - Seattle & King County STD Clinic, 52 patients (17%) did not fill their PrEP prescription and 40% of those who started PrEP discontinued it at least once within 12 months.
February 26, 2018: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29479460/a-new-method-to-visualize-obesity-prevalence-in-seattle-king-county-at-the-census-block-level
#9
A Drewnowski, J Buszkiewicz, A Aggarwal, A Cook, A V Moudon
Objective: The aim of this study is to map obesity prevalence in Seattle King County at the census block level. Methods: Data for 1,632 adult men and women came from the Seattle Obesity Study I. Demographic, socioeconomic and anthropometric data were collected via telephone survey. Home addresses were geocoded, and tax parcel residential property values were obtained from the King County tax assessor. Multiple logistic regression tested associations between house prices and obesity rates...
February 2018: Obesity Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467136/attitudes-and-perceptions-of-health-professionals-towards-management-of-hypothyroidism-in-general-practice-a-qualitative-interview-study
#10
Rosie Dew, Kathryn King, Onyebuchi E Okosieme, Simon H Pearce, Gemma Donovan, Peter N Taylor, Janis Hickey, Colin M Dayan, Graham Leese, Salman Razvi, Scott Wilkes
OBJECTIVE: To explore the attitudes and perceptions of health professionals towards management of hypothyroidism that contributes to the suboptimal treatment of hypothyroidism in general practice. DESIGN: A qualitative interview study using semistructured interviews. PARTICIPANTS: Sixteen participants were interviewed between March and August 2016 comprising nine general practitioners (GPs), four pharmacists, two practice nurses and one nurse practitioner...
February 21, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465679/a-cluster-randomized-evaluation-of-a-health-department-data-to-care-intervention-designed-to-increase-engagement-in-hiv-care-and-antiretroviral-use
#11
Julia C Dombrowski, James P Hughes, Susan E Buskin, Amy Bennett, David Katz, Mark Fleming, Angela Nunez, Matthew R Golden
BACKGROUND: Many U.S. health departments have implemented Data to Care interventions, which use HIV surveillance data to identify persons who are inadequately engaged in HIV medical care and assist them with care re-engagment, but the effectiveness of this strategy is uncertain. METHODS: We conducted a stepped wedge cluster randomized evaluation of a Data to Care intervention in King County, Washington 2011-2014. Persons diagnosed with HIV for ≥6 months were eligible based on one of two criteria: 1) VL >500 copies/mL and CD4 <350 cells/μL at last report in the past 12 months or 2) no CD4 or viral load (VL) reported to the health department for ≥12 months...
November 16, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432790/neighborhood-built-environment-and-socioeconomic-status-in-relation-to-physical-activity-sedentary-behavior-and-weight-status-of-adolescents
#12
James F Sallis, Terry L Conway, Kelli L Cain, Jordan A Carlson, Lawrence D Frank, Jacqueline Kerr, Karen Glanz, James E Chapman, Brian E Saelens
INTRODUCTION: The study examined the association of neighborhood walkability to multiple activity-related outcomes and BMI among adolescents and evaluated socioeconomic status as an effect modifier. METHOD: Cross-sectional study, with adolescents recruited from neighborhoods that met criteria for a 2 × 2 matrix defined by high/low GIS-defined walkability and high/low median income. Adolescents aged 12-16 years (n = 928) were recruited from selected neighborhoods in Maryland and King County, Washington regions in 2009-2011...
May 2018: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420716/racial-ethnic-disparities-in-the-lifetime-risk-of-chlamydia-trachomatis-diagnosis-and-adverse-reproductive-health-outcomes-among-women-in-king-county-washington
#13
Laura C Chambers, Christine M Khosropour, David A Katz, Julia C Dombrowski, Lisa E Manhart, Matthew R Golden
Background: Chlamydia trachomatis is the most common reportable infection in the US and can cause pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) and tubal factor infertility (TFI). Methods: We created lifetables to estimate the "lifetime" risk of chlamydia diagnosis among women age 15-34 in King County, Washington, US, 1992-2014. We estimated the lifetime risk of chlamydia-associated PID and TFI, incorporating published estimates of the risk of sequelae by chlamydia testing history...
February 6, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409555/seattle-s-minimum-wage-ordinance-did-not-affect-supermarket-food-prices-by-food-processing-category
#14
Amanda L Spoden, James H Buszkiewicz, Adam Drewnowski, Mark C Long, Jennifer J Otten
OBJECTIVE: To examine the impacts of Seattle's minimum wage ordinance on food prices by food processing category. DESIGN: Supermarket food prices were collected for 106 items using a University of Washington Center for Public Health Nutrition market basket at affected and unaffected supermarket chain stores at three times: March 2015 (1-month pre-policy enactment), May 2015 (1-month post-policy enactment) and May 2016 (1-year post-policy enactment). Food items were categorized into four food processing groups, from minimally to ultra-processed...
February 7, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29360512/histologic-lung-cancer-incidence-rates-and-trends-vary-by-race-ethnicity-and-residential-county
#15
Keisha A Houston, Khadijah A Mitchell, Jessica King, Arica White, Bríd M Ryan
INTRODUCTION: Lung cancer incidence is higher among non-Hispanic (NH) blacks than among the NH white and Hispanic populations in the United States. However, national cancer estimates may not always reflect the cancer burden in terms of disparities and incidence in small geographic areas, especially urban-rural disparities. Moreover, there is a gap in the literature regarding rural-urban disparities in terms of cancer histologic type. METHODS: Using population-based cancer registry data-Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results and National Program of Cancer Registries data-we present age-adjusted histologic rates and trends by race/ethnicity and residential county location at the time of first cancer diagnosis...
April 2018: Journal of Thoracic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350099/does-shortening-the-pitch-make-junior-cricketers-bowl-better
#16
Michael J Harwood, Maurice R Yeadon, Mark A King
In order to get bounce and movement seam bowlers need to bowl the ball "into" the pitch. Standard deliveries by elite players are typically projected at around 7° below horizontal. In contrast, young players currently often need to release the ball almost horizontally in an effort to get the ball to bounce close enough to the batter. We anticipated that shortening the pitch could be a simple way to help young bowlers to release the ball at a better angle and with more consistency. Twenty county or best in club age group under 10 and under 11 seam bowlers were analysed bowling indoors on two different pitch lengths...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346337/notes-from-the-field-baylisascaris-procyonis-encephalomyelitis-in-a-toddler-king-county-washington-2017
#17
Vance Kawakami, Amanda Casto, Niranjana Natarajan, Anna Snyder, Jonathan Mosser, Jesse Bonwitt, Matthew P Kronman, Meagan Kay
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 19, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333893/syringe-administration-of-epinephrine-by-emergency-medical-technicians-for-anaphylaxis
#18
Andrew J Latimer, Sofia Husain, Jonathan Nolan, Vinod Doreswamy, Thomas D Rea, Michael R Sayre, Mickey S Eisenberg
OBJECTIVE: In recent years, the costs of epinephrine autoinjectors (EAIs) in the United States have risen substantially. King County Emergency Medical Services implemented the "Check and Inject" program to replace EAIs by teaching emergency medical technicians (EMTs) to manually aspirate epinephrine from a single-use 1 mg/mL epinephrine vial using a needle and syringe followed by prehospital intramuscular administration of the correct adult or pediatric dose of epinephrine for anaphylaxis or serious allergic reaction...
January 15, 2018: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279060/heterogeneity-of-asthma-and-the-risk-of-celiac-disease-in-children
#19
Bhavisha Patel, Chung-Il Wi, M Earth Hasassri, Rohit Divekar, Imad Absah, Eyad Almallouhi, Euijung Ryu, Katherine King, Young J Juhn
BACKGROUND: Although human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-DR and HLA-DQ genes and gluten play crucial roles in developing celiac disease (CD), most patients with these risk factors still do not develop CD, which indicates additional unrecognized risk factors. OBJECTIVE: To determine the association between asthma and the risk of CD in children. METHODS: We conducted a population-based retrospective case-control study in children who resided in Olmsted County, Minnesota...
January 1, 2018: Allergy and Asthma Proceedings:
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243503/women-s-beliefs-about-what-causes-obesity-variation-by-race-ethnicity-and-acculturation-in-a-washington-state-sample
#20
Sarah Knerr, Rachel M Ceballos, Kwun Chuen Gary Chan, Shirley A A Beresford, Deborah J Bowen
OBJECTIVE: Individuals' beliefs about the causes of multifactorial health conditions (causal attributions) shape how they conceptualize and respond to health threats and are therefore important for health promotion. Studies of racial/ethnic and cultural variation in obesity causal beliefs, however, are scarce. To address this gap, this study described beliefs about the underlying causes of obesity (genetic inheritance, diet, and physical activity) in Hispanic and non-Hispanic White women participating in a longitudinal cohort study in South King County, Washington State (n = 1,002)...
December 15, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
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