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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594702/ozone-related-respiratory-morbidity-in-a-low-pollution-region
#1
Sheryl Magzamen, Brianna F Moore, Michael G Yost, Richard A Fenske, Catherine J Karr
OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the effects of ozone on respiratory-related hospital admissions in three counties in Washington State from 1990 to 2006. We further examined vulnerability to ozone by key demographic factors. METHOD: Using linked hospital admission and ambient monitoring data, we estimated the age-, sex-, and health insurance-stratified associations between ozone (0 to 3 days' lag) and respiratory-related hospital admissions in King, Spokane, and Clark County, Washington...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492448/drivers-and-barriers-for-adopting-accreditation-at-local-health-departments-for-their-performance-improvement-effort
#2
Sandra S Liu, Beth Meyerson, Jerry King, Yuehwern Yih, Mina Ostovari
CONTEXT: A national system of voluntary public health accreditation for state, local, and tribal health departments (local health departments [LHDs]) is part of a movement that aims to improve public health performance with ultimate impact on population health outcomes. Indiana is a good setting for the study of LHD accreditation adoption because several LHDs reported de-adopting accreditation in a recent statewide survey and because 71% of Indiana counties serve populations of 50 000 or less...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464175/risky-teen-driving-in-a-rural-southern-state
#3
Kathy Monroe, William Hardwick, Victoria Lawson, Elizabeth Nichols, Michele Nichols, William D King
OBJECTIVE: Alabama is one of the five US states with the highest teen driving mortality. We recruited teen drivers to participate in a questionnaire regarding high-risk driving behaviors. METHODS: Teens were recruited from a large county school system to participate in a voluntary anonymous survey. Questions were taken in part from the National Youth Risk Behavior Survey. Descriptive statistics and odds ratios with 95% confidence intervals were calculated. RESULTS: A total of 1023 teen drivers participated (46% boys, 47% African American, 39% white, 6% Latino, and 7% other)...
May 2017: Southern Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427882/effects-of-bystander-cpr-following-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-on-hospital-costs-and-long-term-survival
#4
Guillaume Geri, Carol Fahrenbruch, Hendrika Meischke, Ian Painter, Lindsay White, Thomas D Rea, Marcia R Weaver
BACKGROUND: Bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is associated with a greater likelihood of survival to hospital discharge after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). However the long-term survival benefits in relationship to cost have not been well-studied. We evaluated bystander CPR, hospital-based costs, and long-term survival following OHCA in order to assess the potential cost-effectiveness of bystander CPR. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of consecutive EMS-treated OHCA patients >=12years who arrested prior to EMS arrival and outside a nursing facility between 2001 and 2010 in greater King County, WA...
June 2017: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388619/gps-or-travel-diary-comparing-spatial-and-temporal-characteristics-of-visits-to-fast-food-restaurants-and-supermarkets
#5
Jason Y Scully, Anne Vernez Moudon, Philip M Hurvitz, Anju Aggarwal, Adam Drewnowski
To assess differences between GPS and self-reported measures of location, we examined visits to fast food restaurants and supermarkets using a spatiotemporal framework. Data came from 446 participants who responded to a survey, filled out travel diaries of places visited, and wore a GPS receiver for seven consecutive days. Provided by Public Health Seattle King County, addresses from food permit data were matched to King County tax assessor parcels in a GIS. A three-step process was used to verify travel-diary reported visits using GPS records: (1) GPS records were temporally matched if their timestamps were within the time window created by the arrival and departure times reported in the travel diary; (2) the temporally matched GPS records were then spatially matched if they were located in a food establishment parcel of the same type reported in the diary; (3) the travel diary visit was then GPS-sensed if the name of food establishment in the parcel matched the one reported in the travel diary...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338921/the-relationship-between-objectively-measured-walking-and-risk-of-pedestrian-motor-vehicle-collision
#6
D Alex Quistberg, Eric J Howard, Philip M Hurvitz, Anne V Moudon, Beth E Ebel, Frederick P Rivara, Brian E Saelens
Safe urban walking environments may improve health by encouraging physical activity, but the relationship between an individual's location and walking pattern and the risk of pedestrian-motor vehicle collision is unknown. We examined associations between individuals' walking bouts and walking risk, measured as mean exposure to the risk of pedestrian-vehicle collision. Walking bouts were ascertained through integrated accelerometry and global positioning system data and from individual travel-diary data obtained from adults in the Travel Assessment and Community Study (King County, Washington) in 2008-2009...
May 1, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323474/jail-booking-as-an-occasion-for-hiv-care-reengagement-a-surveillance-based-study
#7
McKenna C Eastment, Katelynne Gardner Toren, Lara Strick, Susan E Buskin, Matthew R Golden, Julia C Dombrowski
OBJECTIVES: To examine population and HIV care outcomes of people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) at their first incarceration of 2014 in 2 county jails in King County, Washington. METHODS: Using HIV surveillance data linked with jail booking data, we examined demographic information, viral loads, CD4 counts, and incarceration details for the period prior to jail booking, during incarceration, and year following jail release. RESULTS: In 2014, 202 PLWHA were incarcerated, 51% of whom were virally nonsuppressed at booking...
May 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322880/analyzing-the-impact-of-public-transit-usage-on-obesity
#8
Zhaowei She, Douglas M King, Sheldon H Jacobson
The objective of this paper is to estimate the impact of county-level public transit usage on obesity prevalence in the United States and assess the potential for public transit usage as an intervention for obesity. This study adopts an instrumental regression approach to implicitly control for potential selection bias due to possible differences in commuting preferences among obese and non-obese populations. United States health data from the 2009 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System and transportation data from the 2009 National Household Travel Survey are aggregated and matched at the county level...
March 16, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314499/bringing-global-health-home-the-case-of-global-to-local-in-king-county-washington
#9
EDITORIAL
Adam Taylor, Fareeha Siddiqui
The article describes the experience of testing successful global health interventions in the cities of SeaTac and Tukwila, Washington-2 very diverse, underserved communities outside of Seattle that experience significant health disparities compared with surrounding areas in King County. Topics covered include an overview of the partnership that established Global to Local, the process of engaging Seattle-based global health institutions in identifying global health strategies to test, identifying communities experiencing health disparities that might benefit from global health-inspired interventions, engaging those local communities to understand the perceived drivers of poor health outcomes, tailoring global interventions to the local context, launching programs, and the successes and challenges that have emerged throughout this process...
November 2016: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304316/perspectives-and-attitudes-of-pediatricians-concerning-post-discharge-care-practice-of-premature-infants
#10
A Gad, E Parkinson, N Khawar, A Elmeki, P Narula, D Hoang
OBJECTIVE: Survival rates of premature infants are at a historical high and increasingly more pediatricians are caring for former premature infants. The goal of this study was to describe the perspectives and attitudes of pediatricians, as well as, the challenges of rendering post-neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) discharge care for premature infants. METHODS: An anonymous 22-question web-based survey was emailed to pediatricians who are current members of the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) and practicing in Kings County, New York...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Neonatal-perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282653/comparison-of-in-person-versus-telephone-interviews-for-early-syphilis-and-human-immunodeficiency-virus-partner-services-in-king-county-washington-2010-2014
#11
Christine L Heumann, David A Katz, Julia C Dombrowski, Amy B Bennett, Lisa E Manhart, Matthew R Golden
BACKGROUND: The relative effectiveness of in-person versus telephone interviews for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/sexually transmitted disease partner services (PS) is uncertain. METHODS: We compared outcomes of in-person versus telephone PS interviews for early syphilis (ES) and newly diagnosed HIV in King County, Washington from 2010 to 2014. We used multivariable Poisson regression to evaluate indices (number of partners per original patient [OP]) for partners named, notified, tested, diagnosed, and treated (ES only)...
April 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282649/emerging-regional-and-racial-disparities-in-the-lifetime-risk-of-human-immunodeficiency-virus-infection-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-a-comparative-life-table-analysis-in-king-county-wa-and-mississippi
#12
Galant A Chan, Kendra L Johnson, Nicholas G Mosca, Thomas E Dobbs, Julia C Dombrowski, Amy B Bennett, Susan E Buskin, Matthew R Golden
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the lifetime risk of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) diagnosis among US men who have sex with men (MSM), trends in risk and how risk varies between populations. METHODS: We used census and HIV surveillance data to construct life tables to estimate the cumulative risk of HIV diagnosis among cohorts of MSM born 1940 to 1994 in King County, Washington (KC) and Mississippi (MS). RESULTS: The cumulative risk of HIV diagnosis progressed in 3 phases...
April 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256283/cooking-at-home-a-strategy-to-comply-with-u-s-dietary-guidelines-at-no-extra-cost
#13
Arpita Tiwari, Anju Aggarwal, Wesley Tang, Adam Drewnowski
INTRODUCTION: Cooking at home is associated with better diet quality. This study examined the frequency of home-cooked dinners versus eating out in relation to the Healthy Eating Index (HEI), and food expenditures. METHODS: The Seattle Obesity Study used a stratified random sample of 437 King County adults. In-person computer-assisted interviews collected sociodemographic and behavioral data during 2011-2013. HEI-2010 and 2005 were computed using Food Frequency Questionnaires...
May 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247054/feast-empowering-community-residents-to-use-technology-to-assess-and-advocate-for-healthy-food-environments
#14
Jylana L Sheats, Sandra J Winter, Priscilla Padilla Romero, Abby C King
Creating environments that support healthy eating is important for successful aging, particularly in light of the growing population of older adults in the United States. There is an urgent need to identify innovative upstream solutions to barriers experienced by older adults in accessing and buying healthy food. FEAST (Food Environment Assessment STudy) is an effort that is part of the global Our Voice initiative, which utilizes a combination of technology and community-engaged methods to empower citizen scientists (i...
April 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202384/implementing-take-home-naloxone-in-an-urban-community-pharmacy
#15
Joshua L Akers, Ryan N Hansen, Ryan D Oftebro
OBJECTIVE: Morbidity and mortality associated with opioid use have increased across the nation, growing into what can only be described as an epidemic. SETTING: In Washington State between 2002 and 2004, the statewide death rate attributed to any opioid was 6.6 per 100,000 people, but between 2011 and 2013 it increased to 8.6 per 100,000 people. Pharmacies provide a unique access point for harm reduction services to patients due to their ease of accessibility in the community...
March 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196149/climatic-and-geographic-predictors-of-life-history-variation-in-eastern-massasauga-sistrurus-catenatus-a-range-wide-synthesis
#16
Eric T Hileman, Richard B King, John M Adamski, Thomas G Anton, Robyn L Bailey, Sarah J Baker, Nickolas D Bieser, Thomas A Bell, Kristin M Bissell, Danielle R Bradke, Henry Campa, Gary S Casper, Karen Cedar, Matthew D Cross, Brett A DeGregorio, Michael J Dreslik, Lisa J Faust, Daniel S Harvey, Robert W Hay, Benjamin C Jellen, Brent D Johnson, Glenn Johnson, Brooke D Kiel, Bruce A Kingsbury, Matthew J Kowalski, Yu Man Lee, Andrew M Lentini, John C Marshall, David Mauger, Jennifer A Moore, Rori A Paloski, Christopher A Phillips, Paul D Pratt, Thomas Preney, Kent A Prior, Andrew Promaine, Michael Redmer, Howard K Reinert, Jeremy D Rouse, Kevin T Shoemaker, Scott Sutton, Terry J VanDeWalle, Patrick J Weatherhead, Doug Wynn, Anne Yagi
Elucidating how life history traits vary geographically is important to understanding variation in population dynamics. Because many aspects of ectotherm life history are climate-dependent, geographic variation in climate is expected to have a large impact on population dynamics through effects on annual survival, body size, growth rate, age at first reproduction, size-fecundity relationship, and reproductive frequency. The Eastern Massasauga (Sistrurus catenatus) is a small, imperiled North American rattlesnake with a distribution centered on the Great Lakes region, where lake effects strongly influence local conditions...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165775/treatment-of-depression-and-anxiety-by-naturopathic-physicians-an-observational-study-of-naturopathic-medicine-within-an-integrated-multidisciplinary-community-health-center
#17
Cindy Breed, Catherine Bereznay
OBJECTIVES: This project was designed to assess the quality of care received by patients with depression and anxiety who were seen by naturopathic physicians in a community health center. METHODS: The Natural Medicine Quality Improvement Project for the Treatment of Depression and Anxiety (NMQP-DA) was conducted over a 26-month period from December 2009 through February 2012 at HealthPoint, a non-profit, consumer-governed, community health center network located in suburban King County, Washington...
May 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151767/increasing-incidence-and-altered-presentation-in-a-population-based-study-of-pediatric-celiac-disease-in-north-america
#18
Eyad Almallouhi, Katherine S King, Bhavisha Patel, Chung Wi, Young J Juhn, Joseph A Murray, Imad Absah
OBJECTIVES: Celiac disease (CD) is a common immune-mediated disorder that affects up to 1% of the general population. Recent reports suggest that the incidence of CD has reached a plateau in many countries. We aim to study the incidence and altered presentation of childhood CD in a well-defined population. METHODS: Using the Rochester Epidemiology Project, we retrospectively reviewed Mayo Clinic and Olmsted Medical Center medical records from January 1994 to December 2014...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108231/interconception-challenges-of-women-who-had-prior-preterm-births
#19
Doris M Boutain, Shuyuann Wang Foreman, Jane Hitti
OBJECTIVE: To describe the interconception challenges of women who had prior preterm births. DESIGN: We used a cross-sectional design and collected data via survey. SETTING: King County, Washington. PARTICIPANTS: Ninety-two women who had prior early preterm births (20-33 weeks gestation) were included. METHODS: Women were recruited from a larger study focused on exploring the infectious pathways for early preterm birth...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093687/maternal-birthplace-is-associated-with-low-birth-weight-within-racial-ethnic-groups
#20
Paige D Wartko, Eva Y Wong, Daniel A Enquobahrie
Introduction While disparities in low birth weight (LBW) incidence by racial/ethnic group are well known, differences in LBW incidence by maternal birthplace within racial/ethnic groups, and particularly, differences after adjustment for pregnancy complications, are less clear. Methods We conducted a population-based study of LBW using 113,760 singleton, live birth records from King County, Washington (2008-2012), a region in the Pacific Northwest with a large immigrant population. Study participants were Asian, non-Hispanic black, Hispanic, Native Hawaiian/Other Pacific Islander (NHOPI), and non-Hispanic white women...
June 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
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