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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350099/does-shortening-the-pitch-make-junior-cricketers-bowl-better
#1
Michael J Harwood, Maurice R Yeadon, Mark A King
In order to get bounce and movement seam bowlers need to bowl the ball "into" the pitch. Standard deliveries by elite players are typically projected at around 7° below horizontal. In contrast, young players currently often need to release the ball almost horizontally in an effort to get the ball to bounce close enough to the batter. We anticipated that shortening the pitch could be a simple way to help young bowlers to release the ball at a better angle and with more consistency. Twenty county or best in club age group under 10 and under 11 seam bowlers were analysed bowling indoors on two different pitch lengths...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346337/notes-from-the-field-baylisascaris-procyonis-encephalomyelitis-in-a-toddler-king-county-washington-2017
#2
Vance Kawakami, Amanda Casto, Niranjana Natarajan, Anna Snyder, Jonathan Mosser, Jesse Bonwitt, Matthew P Kronman, Meagan Kay
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 19, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333893/syringe-administration-of-epinephrine-by-emergency-medical-technicians-for-anaphylaxis
#3
Andrew J Latimer, Sofia Husain, Jonathan Nolan, Vinod Doreswamy, Thomas D Rea, Michael R Sayre, Mickey S Eisenberg
OBJECTIVE: In recent years, the costs of epinephrine autoinjectors (EAIs) in the United States have risen substantially. King County Emergency Medical Services implemented the "Check and Inject" program to replace EAIs by teaching emergency medical technicians (EMTs) to manually aspirate epinephrine from a single-use 1 mg/mL epinephrine vial using a needle and syringe followed by prehospital intramuscular administration of the correct adult or pediatric dose of epinephrine for anaphylaxis or serious allergic reaction...
January 15, 2018: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279060/heterogeneity-of-asthma-and-the-risk-of-celiac-disease-in-children
#4
Bhavisha Patel, Chung-Il Wi, M Earth Hasassri, Rohit Divekar, Imad Absah, Eyad Almallouhi, Euijung Ryu, Katherine King, Young J Juhn
BACKGROUND: Although human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-DR and HLA-DQ genes and gluten play crucial roles in developing celiac disease (CD), most patients with these risk factors still do not develop CD, which indicates additional unrecognized risk factors. OBJECTIVE: To determine the association between asthma and the risk of CD in children. METHODS: We conducted a population-based retrospective case-control study in children who resided in Olmsted County, Minnesota...
January 1, 2018: Allergy and Asthma Proceedings:
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243503/women-s-beliefs-about-what-causes-obesity-variation-by-race-ethnicity-and-acculturation-in-a-washington-state-sample
#5
Sarah Knerr, Rachel M Ceballos, Kwun Chuen Gary Chan, Shirley A A Beresford, Deborah J Bowen
OBJECTIVE: Individuals' beliefs about the causes of multifactorial health conditions (causal attributions) shape how they conceptualize and respond to health threats and are therefore important for health promotion. Studies of racial/ethnic and cultural variation in obesity causal beliefs, however, are scarce. To address this gap, this study described beliefs about the underlying causes of obesity (genetic inheritance, diet, and physical activity) in Hispanic and non-Hispanic White women participating in a longitudinal cohort study in South King County, Washington State (n = 1,002)...
December 15, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175463/increasing-methamphetamine-injection-among-non-msm-who-inject-drugs-in-king-county-washington
#6
Sara Nelson Glick, Richard Burt, Kim Kummer, Joe Tinsley, Caleb J Banta-Green, Matthew R Golden
BACKGROUND: In King County, Washington, the HIV prevalence among men who have sex with men (MSM) who inject methamphetamine is high, while it is low among other people who inject drugs (PWID). Local drug problem indicators suggest that methamphetamine use is increasing. The extent to which this increase affects MSM and non-MSM, and whether MSM and non-MSM networks are connected through injection equipment sharing, is unknown. METHODS: We used data from two serial cross-sectional surveys of PWID including five biannual surveys of Public Health-Seattle and King County Needle and Syringe Exchange Program clients (NSEP, N=2135, 2009-2017) and three National HIV Behavioral Surveillance IDU surveys (NHBS, N=1709, 2009-2015)...
November 16, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173931/infant-deaths-and-mortality-from-gun-violence-causal-or-casual
#7
Robert S Levine, Jason L Salemi, Maria C Mejia de Grubb, Lisa S Gittner, Michael A Langston, Baqar A Husaini, George Rust, Charles H Hennekens
OBJECTIVE: Describe trends in non-Hispanic black infant mortality (IM) in the New York City (NYC) counties of Bronx, Kings, Queens, and Manhattan and correlations with gun-related assault mortality. METHODS: Linked Birth/Infant Death data (1999-2013) and Compressed Mortality data at ages 1 to ≥85 years (1999-2013). NYC and United States (US) Census data for income inequality and poverty. Pearson coefficients were used to describe correlations of IM with gun-related assault mortality and other causes of death...
January 2017: Journal of the National Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056310/breastfeeding-outcomes-in-washington-state-determining-the-effect-of-loving-support-peer-counseling-program-and-characteristics-of-participants-at-wic-agencies
#8
Catherine Hui Min Lee, Jean O'Leary, Phyllis Kirk, Timothy A Lower
OBJECTIVE: Determining the effect of the Loving Support Peer Counseling Program (LSPCP), and characteristics of participants on breastfeeding (BF) outcomes at Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) agencies in Washington State. DESIGN: Nonrandomized treatment vs control. SETTING: Public Health-Seattle and King County (PHSKC), Catholic Health Initiatives Franciscan Medical Group (CHIFMG). PARTICIPANTS: Women enrolled in WIC (intervention: PHSKC, n = 15,290; CHIFMG, n = 3,582)...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048962/integrating-hiv-surveillance-and-field-services-data-quality-and-care-continuum-in-king-county-washington-2010-2015
#9
Julia E Hood, David A Katz, Amy B Bennett, Susan E Buskin, Julia C Dombrowski, Stephen E Hawes, Matthew R Golden
OBJECTIVES: To assess how integration of HIV surveillance and field services might influence surveillance data and linkage to care metrics. METHODS: We used HIV surveillance and field services data from King County, Washington, to assess potential impact of misclassification of prior diagnoses on numbers of new diagnoses. The relationship between partner services and linkage to care was evaluated with multivariable log-binomial regression models. RESULTS: Of the 2842 people who entered the King County HIV Surveillance System in 2010 to 2015, 52% were newly diagnosed, 41% had a confirmed prior diagnosis in another state, and 7% had an unconfirmed prior diagnosis...
December 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045604/increases-in-neisseria-gonorrhoeae-with-reduced-susceptibility-to-azithromycin-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-msm-in-seattle-king-county-washington-2012-2016
#10
Lindley A Barbee, Olusegun O Soge, David A Katz, Julia C Dombrowski, King K Holmes, Matthew R Golden
Background: Antimicrobial-resistant Neisseria gonorrhea is a major public health threat. The CDC recommends that clinicians treat gonorrhea with ceftriaxone 250mg plus azithromycin 1g. Resistance to azithromycin could affect gonorrhea control efforts. Methods: We evaluated antimicrobial susceptibility profiles and clinical data of gonococcal isolates collected at the Public Health-Seattle & King County (PHSKC) STD Clinic from 2012-2016, focusing on 2014-2016. We compared cases with CDC azithromycin (AZM) alert value MIC (MIC ≥2 µg/mL) to those with AZM MIC ≤1 µg/mL, and evaluated clinical outcomes...
October 16, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040244/a-prospective-study-of-the-causes-of-bruises-in-premobile-infants
#11
Kenneth W Feldman, Tricia M Tayama, Leslie E Strickler, Lee A Johnson, Gauri Kolhatkar, Catherine A DeRidder, Dana C Matthews, Robert Sidbury, James A Taylor
OBJECTIVE: This study had 2 objectives. First, to determine the behavior of physicians evaluating premobile infants with bruises. Second, and most importantly, to learn whether infants with unexplained bruising who had been initially evaluated by primary care and emergency department (ED) physicians are as likely to have their bruises attributed to child abuse as those children evaluated by child abuse physicians. METHODS: Primary care, ED, and child abuse pediatricians (CAPs) in King County, Washington, San Mateo, Calif, Albuquerque, NM, La Crosse, Wis, and Torrance, Calif prospectively identified and studied infants younger than 6 months with less than 6 bruises, which were judged by the evaluating clinician to be explained or unexplained after their initial clinical examination...
October 16, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989271/the-causal-effect-of-bus-rapid-transit-on-changes-in-transit-ridership
#12
Orion T Stewart, Anne Vernez Moudon, Brian E Saelens
Numerous studies have reported ridership increases along routes when Bus rapid transit (BRT) replaces conventional bus service, but these increases could be due simply to broader temporal trends in transit ridership. To address this limitation, we compared changes in ridership among routes where BRT was implemented to routes where BRT was planned or already existed in King County, Washington. Ridership was measured at 2010, 2013, and 2014. Ridership increased by 35% along routes where BRT was implemented from 2010 to 2013 compared to routes that maintained conventional bus service...
2017: Journal of Public Transportation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965262/foreign-born-individuals-with-hiv-in-king-county-wa-a-glimpse-of-the-future-of-hiv
#13
Roxanne Kerani, Amy B Bennett, Matt Golden, Jocelyn Castillo, Susan E Buskin
To better understand country of birth-related shifts in the demography of people newly diagnosed with HIV infection, we compared demographic and clinical characteristics of foreign-born and U.S.-born residents of King County, WA diagnosed with HIV from 2006 to 2015. The proportion of cases that were foreign-born increased from 23 to 34% during this time. Most foreign-born cases were born in Africa (34%), Latin America (32%), Asia (22%), or Europe (7%). Latin Americans and Asians were similar to U.S.-born individuals by HIV risk factor and gender, while Africans were more likely to be female and less often men who have sex with men...
September 30, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944321/effect-of-evacuation-and-displacement-on-the-association-between-flooding-and-mental-health-outcomes-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-uk-survey-data
#14
Alice Munro, R Sari Kovats, G James Rubin, Thomas David Waite, Angie Bone, Ben Armstrong
BACKGROUND: Extensive flooding occurred during the winter of 2013-14 in England. Previous studies have shown that flooding affects mental health. Using data from the 2013-14 Public Health England National Study of Flooding and Health, we compared the prevalence of symptoms of depression, anxiety, and post-traumatic stress disorder between participants displaced by flooding and those flooded, but not displaced, 1 year after flooding. METHODS: In this multivariable ordinal regression analysis, we collected data from a cross-sectional survey collected 1 year after the flooding event from flood-affected postcodes in five counties in England...
July 2017: Lancet. Planetary Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916666/regional-evaluation-of-the-severity-based-stroke-triage-algorithm-for-emergency-medical-services-using-discrete-event-simulation
#15
Brittany M Bogle, Andrew W Asimos, Wayne D Rosamond
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The Severity-Based Stroke Triage Algorithm for Emergency Medical Services endorses routing patients with suspected large vessel occlusion acute ischemic strokes directly to endovascular stroke centers (ESCs). We sought to evaluate different specifications of this algorithm within a region. METHODS: We developed a discrete event simulation environment to model patients with suspected stroke transported according to algorithm specifications, which varied by stroke severity screen and permissible additional transport time for routing patients to ESCs...
October 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892445/applying-the-15-public-health-emergency-preparedness-capabilities-to-support-large-scale-tuberculosis-investigations-in-complex-congregate-settings
#16
Alison Jaffe Levy, Katelynne Gardner Toren, Carina Elsenboss, Masahiro Narita
Public Health-Seattle and King County, a metropolitan health department in western Washington, experiences rates of tuberculosis (TB) that are 1.6 times higher than are state and national averages. The department's TB Control Program uses public health emergency management tools and capabilities sustained with Centers for Disease Control and Prevention grant funding to manage large-scale complex case investigations. We have described 3 contact investigations in large congregate settings that the TB Control Program conducted in 2015 and 2016...
September 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891937/the-impact-of-a-city-level-minimum-wage-policy-on-supermarket-food-prices-in-seattle-king-county
#17
Jennifer J Otten, James Buszkiewicz, Wesley Tang, Anju Aggarwal, Mark Long, Jacob Vigdor, Adam Drewnowski
Background: Many states and localities throughout the U.S. have adopted higher minimum wages. Higher labor costs among low-wage food system workers could result in higher food prices. Methods: Using a market basket of 106 foods, food prices were collected at affected chain supermarket stores in Seattle and same-chain unaffected stores in King County (n = 12 total, six per location). Prices were collected at 1 month pre- (March 2015) and 1-month post-policy enactment (May 2015), then again 1-year post-policy enactment (May 2016)...
September 9, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886604/the-imperial-county-community-air-monitoring-network-a-model-for-community-based-environmental-monitoring-for-public-health-action
#18
Paul B English, Luis Olmedo, Ester Bejarano, Humberto Lugo, Eduardo Murillo, Edmund Seto, Michelle Wong, Galatea King, Alexa Wilkie, Dan Meltzer, Graeme Carvlin, Michael Jerrett, Amanda Northcross
The Imperial County Community Air Monitoring Network (the Network) is a collaborative group of community, academic, nongovernmental, and government partners designed to fill the need for more detailed data on particulate matter in an area that often exceeds air quality standards. The Network employs a community-based environmental monitoring process in which the community and researchers have specific, well-defined roles as part of an equitable partnership that also includes shared decision-making to determine study direction, plan research protocols, and conduct project activities...
July 31, 2017: Environmental Health Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876285/a-web-application-to-facilitate-syphilis-reactor-grid-evaluations
#19
Tigran Avoundjian, Christine M Khosropour, Matthew R Golden, Lindley A Barbee, Julia C Dombrowski
BACKGROUND: Many health departments use a "reactor grid" to determine which laboratory-reported syphilis serologic test results require investigation. We developed a Web-based tool, the Syphilis Reactor Grid Evaluator (SRGE), to facilitate health department reactor grid evaluations and test the tool using data from Seattle & King County, Washington. METHODS: We developed SRGE using the R Shiny Web application framework. When populated with a data set including titer results and final disposition codes, SRGE displays the percent of verified early syphilis cases by serologic titer result and patient age in each cell of the grid...
August 28, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845515/a-multi-sector-assessment-of-community-organizational-capacity-for-promotion-of-chinese-immigrant-worker-health
#20
Jenny H-C Tsai, Elaine A Thompson
BACKGROUND: Community-based collaborative approaches have received increased attention as a means for addressing occupational health disparities. Organizational capacity, highly relevant to engaging and sustaining community partnerships, however, is rarely considered in occupational health research. METHODS: To characterize community organizational capacity specifically relevant to Chinese immigrant worker health, we used a cross-sectional, descriptive design with 36 agencies from six community sectors in King County, Washington...
August 28, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
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