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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108231/interconception-challenges-of-women-who-had-prior-preterm-births
#1
Doris M Boutain, Shuyuann Wang Foreman, Jane Hitti
OBJECTIVE: To describe the interconception challenges of women who had prior preterm births. DESIGN: We used a cross-sectional design and collected data via survey. SETTING: King County, Washington. PARTICIPANTS: Ninety-two women who had prior early preterm births (20-33 weeks gestation) were included. METHODS: Women were recruited from a larger study focused on exploring the infectious pathways for early preterm birth...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093687/maternal-birthplace-is-associated-with-low-birth-weight-within-racial-ethnic-groups
#2
Paige D Wartko, Eva Y Wong, Daniel A Enquobahrie
Introduction While disparities in low birth weight (LBW) incidence by racial/ethnic group are well known, differences in LBW incidence by maternal birthplace within racial/ethnic groups, and particularly, differences after adjustment for pregnancy complications, are less clear. Methods We conducted a population-based study of LBW using 113,760 singleton, live birth records from King County, Washington (2008-2012), a region in the Pacific Northwest with a large immigrant population. Study participants were Asian, non-Hispanic black, Hispanic, Native Hawaiian/Other Pacific Islander (NHOPI), and non-Hispanic white women...
January 16, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076671/a-randomized-trial-of-collaborative-care-for-perinatal-depression-in-socioeconomically-disadvantaged-women-the-impact-of-comorbid-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#3
Nancy K Grote, Wayne J Katon, Joan E Russo, Mary Jane Lohr, Mary Curran, Erin Galvin, Kathy Carson
OBJECTIVE: The comorbidity of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) with antenatal depression poses increased risks for postpartum depression and may delay or diminish response to evidence-based depression care. In a secondary analysis of an 18-month study of collaborative care for perinatal depression, the authors hypothesized that pregnant, depressed, socioeconomically disadvantaged women with comorbid PTSD would show more improvement in the MOMCare intervention providing Brief Interpersonal Psychotherapy and/or antidepressants, compared to intensive public health Maternity Support Services (MSS-Plus)...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051931/older-adults-in-the-involuntary-treatment-system
#4
Brook Buettner
Ms. Buettner is a licensed clinical social worker with Master's degrees in Social Work and Public Administration from the University of Washington. She has worked for over a decade with individuals facing severe and persistent mental illness. Most recently, Ms. Buettner has worked with the King County Public Defender serving as court-appointed social worker for individuals with mental illnesses who are detained against their will. She has a special interest in older adults and how they are differentially affected by service delivery systems...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990416/coordinating-care-for-falls-via-emergency-responders-a-feasibility-study-of-a-brief-at-scene-intervention
#5
REVIEW
Elizabeth A Phelan, Julia Herbert, Carol Fahrenbruch, Benjamin A Stubbs, Hendrika Meischke
Falls account for a substantial portion of 9-1-1 calls, but few studies have examined the potential for an emergency medical system role in fall prevention. We tested the feasibility and effectiveness of an emergency medical technician (EMT)-delivered, at-scene intervention to link elders calling 9-1-1 for a fall with a multifactorial fall prevention program in their community. The intervention was conducted in a single fire department in King County, Washington and consisted of a brief public health message about the preventability of falls and written fall prevention program information left at scene...
2016: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916669/prevalence-and-morbidity-of-undiagnosed-celiac-disease-from-a-community-based-study
#6
Rok Seon Choung, Scott A Larson, Shahryar Khaleghi, Alberto Rubio-Tapia, Inna G Ovsyannikova, Katherine S King, Joseph J Larson, Brian D Lahr, Gregory A Poland, Michael J Camilleri, Joseph A Murray
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Little is known about the prevalence and burden of undiagnosed celiac disease in individuals younger than 50 years old. We determined the prevalence and morbidity of undiagnosed celiac disease in individuals younger than 50 years in a community. METHODS: We tested sera from 31,255 residents of Olmsted County, Minnesota (younger than 50 years old) without a prior diagnosis of celiac disease assay using an assay for immunoglobulin A (IgA) against tissue transglutaminase (tTG); in subjects with positive test results, celiac disease was confirmed using an assay for endomysial IgA...
December 1, 2016: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873105/newborn-screening-for-severe-primary-immunodeficiency-diseases-in-sweden-a-2-year-pilot-trec-and-krec-screening-study
#7
Michela Barbaro, Annika Ohlsson, Stephan Borte, Susanne Jonsson, Rolf H Zetterström, Jovanka King, Jacek Winiarski, Ulrika von Döbeln, Lennart Hammarström
Newborn screening for severe primary immunodeficiencies (PID), characterized by T and/or B cell lymphopenia, was carried out in a pilot program in the Stockholm County, Sweden, over a 2-year period, encompassing 58,834 children. T cell receptor excision circles (TREC) and kappa-deleting recombination excision circles (KREC) were measured simultaneously using a quantitative PCR-based method on DNA extracted from dried blood spots (DBS), with beta-actin serving as a quality control for DNA quantity. Diagnostic cutoff levels enabling identification of newborns with milder and reversible T and/or B cell lymphopenia were also evaluated...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832766/obesity-diet-quality-physical-activity-and-the-built-environment-the-need-for-behavioral-pathways
#8
Adam Drewnowski, Anju Aggarwal, Wesley Tang, Philip M Hurvitz, Jason Scully, Orion Stewart, Anne Vernez Moudon
BACKGROUND: The built environment (BE) is said to influence local obesity rates. Few studies have explored causal pathways between home-neighborhood BE variables and health outcomes such as obesity. Such pathways are likely to involve both physical activity and diet. METHODS: The Seattle Obesity Study (SOS II) was a longitudinal cohort of 440 adult residents of King Co, WA. Home addresses were geocoded. Home-neighborhood BE measures were framed as counts and densities of food sources and physical activity locations...
November 10, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822625/where-are-weather-suicide-associations-valid-an-examination-of-nine-us-counties-with-varying-seasonality
#9
P Grady Dixon, Adam J Kalkstein
There has been much research on the associations between weather variables and suicide rates. However, the state of understanding has remained rather stagnant due to many contradictory findings. The purpose of this project is to examine a larger database of suicides that includes a longer and more recent period of record (1975-2010) across numerous locations in the USA. In all, we examine nine total counties (and the primary city associated with them) with a special effort made to compare locations with varying degrees of temperature seasonality: Cook (Chicago), Fulton (Atlanta), King (Seattle), Los Angeles (Los Angeles), Maricopa (Phoenix), Miami-Dade (Miami), Philadelphia (Philadelphia), Salt Lake (Salt Lake City), and St...
November 7, 2016: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27753122/calcium-channel-blocker-use-and-risk-of-prostate-cancer-by-tmprss2-erg-gene-fusion-status
#10
Milan S Geybels, Karen D McCloskey, Ian G Mills, Janet L Stanford
BACKGROUND: Calcium channel blockers (CCBs) may affect prostate cancer (PCa) growth by various mechanisms including those related to androgens. The fusion of the androgen-regulated gene TMPRSS2 and the oncogene ERG (TMPRSS2:ERG or T2E) is common in PCa, and prostate tumors that harbor the gene fusion are believed to represent a distinct disease subtype. We studied the association of CCB use with the risk of PCa, and molecular subtypes of PCa defined by T2E status. METHODS: Participants were residents of King County, Washington, recruited for population-based case-control studies (1993-1996 or 2002-2005)...
October 18, 2016: Prostate
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27663428/gis-measured-walkability-transit-and-recreation-environments-in-relation-to-older-adults-physical-activity-a-latent-profile-analysis
#11
Michael Todd, Marc A Adams, Jonathan Kurka, Terry L Conway, Kelli L Cain, Matthew P Buman, Lawrence D Frank, James F Sallis, Abby C King
An infrequently studied question is how diverse combinations of built environment (BE) features relate to physical activity (PA) for older adults. We derived patterns of geographic information systems- (GIS) measured BE features and explored how they accounted for differences in objective and self-reported PA, sedentary time, and BMI in a sample of older adults. Senior Neighborhood Quality of Life Study participants (N=714, aged 66-97years, 52.1% women, 29.7% racial/ethnic minority) were sampled in 2005-2008 from the Seattle-King County, WA and Baltimore, MD-Washington, DC regions...
December 2016: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27618681/early-identification-of-patients-with-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-with-no-chance-of-survival-and-consideration-for-organ-donation
#12
Patricia Jabre, Wulfran Bougouin, Florence Dumas, Pierre Carli, Corinne Antoine, Laurent Jacob, Benjamin Dahan, Frankie Beganton, Jean-Philippe Empana, Eloi Marijon, Nicole Karam, Alexandre Loupy, Carmen Lefaucheur, Daniel Jost, Alain Cariou, Frédéric Adnet, Thomas D Rea, Xavier Jouven
Background: In patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA), care requirements can conflict with the need to promptly focus efforts on organ donation in patients who are pronounced dead. Objective: To evaluate objective criteria for identifying patients with OHCA with no chance of survival during the first minutes of cardiopulmonary resuscitation to enable prompt orientation toward organ donation. Design: Retrospective assessment using OHCA data from 2 registries and 1 trial...
December 6, 2016: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27610732/highly-pathogenic-eurasian-h5n8-avian-influenza-outbreaks-in-two-commercial-poultry-flocks-in-california
#13
Simone Stoute, Richard Chin, Beate Crossley, C Gabriel Sentíes-Cué, Arthur Bickford, Mary Pantin-Jackwood, Richard Breitmeyer, Annette Jones, Silvia Carnaccini, H L Shivaprasad
In January 2015, a highly pathogenic Eurasian lineage H5N8 avian influenza (AI) virus (AIV) was detected in a commercial meat turkey flock in Stanislaus County, CA. Approximately 3 wk later, a similar case was diagnosed in commercial brown layers from a different company located in Kings County, CA. Five 14-wk-old turkey hens were submitted to the California Animal Health and Food Safety Laboratory System (CAHFS), Turlock, and eleven 12-wk-old chickens were submitted to CAHFS, Tulare laboratory due to an acute increase in flock mortality...
September 2016: Avian Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27609300/a-community-health-record-improving-health-through-multisector-collaboration-information-sharing-and-technology
#14
Raymond J King, Nedra Garrett, Jeffrey Kriseman, Melvin Crum, Edward M Rafalski, David Sweat, Renee Frazier, Sue Schearer, Teresa Cutts
We present a framework for developing a community health record to bring stakeholders, information, and technology together to collectively improve the health of a community. It is both social and technical in nature and presents an iterative and participatory process for achieving multisector collaboration and information sharing. It proposes a methodology and infrastructure for bringing multisector stakeholders and their information together to inform, target, monitor, and evaluate community health initiatives...
September 8, 2016: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27515682/creating-a-regional-model-to-coordinate-and-prioritize-access-to-permanent-supportive-housing
#15
Laurie Sylla, René Franzen, Debra Srebnik, Marla Hoffman, Amnon Shoenfeld
Demand for supportive housing outstrips availability in metropolitan regions around the country. Individuals who are homeless with serious mental illnesses, substance abuse, and other debilitating health conditions are often heavy users of publicly financed services and institutions, such as jails, emergency departments, psychiatric and medical hospitals, and sobering and detoxification services. King County, in collaboration with community partners, has developed a regional system for coordinating and prioritizing access to this limited resource based on utilization of publicly financed services/institutions and/or vulnerability...
August 11, 2016: Journal of Behavioral Health Services & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27490189/notes-from-the-field-fatal-infection-associated-with-equine-exposure-king-county-washington-2016
#16
Vance Kawakami, Krista Rietberg, Beth Lipton, Kaye Eckmann, Maryann Watkins, Hanna Oltean, Meagan Kay, Chantal Rothschild, Miwako Kobayashi, Chris Van Beneden, Jeff Duchin
On March 17, 2016, Public Health-Seattle & King County in Washington was notified of two persons who received a diagnosis of Streptococcus equi subspecies zooepidemicus (S. zooepidemicus) infections. S. zooepidemicus is a zoonotic pathogen that rarely causes human illness and is usually associated with consuming unpasteurized dairy products or with direct horse contact (1). In horses, S. zooepidemicus is a commensal bacterium that can cause respiratory, wound, and uterine infections (2). The health department investigated to determine the magnitude of the outbreak, identify risk factors, and offer recommendations...
August 5, 2016: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27413663/the-impact-of-area-residential-property-values-on-self-rated-health-a-cross-sectional-comparative-study-of-seattle-and-paris
#17
Junfeng Jiao, Adam Drewnowski, Anne Vernez Moudon, Anju Aggarwal, Jean-Michel Oppert, Helene Charreire, Basile Chaix
This study analyzed the impact of area residential property values, an objective measure of socioeconomic status (SES), on self-rated health (SRH) in Seattle, Washington and Paris, France. This study brings forth a valuable comparison of SRH between cities that have contrasting urban forms, population compositions, residential segregation, food systems and transportation modes. The SOS (Seattle Obesity Study) was based on a representative sample of 1394 adult residents of Seattle and King County in the United States...
December 2016: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27395379/evidence-of-local-hiv-transmission-in-the-african-community-of-king-county-washington
#18
Roxanne P Kerani, Joshua T Herbeck, Susan E Buskin, Julia C Dombrowksi, Amy Bennett, Elizabeth Barash, Lindley A Barbee, Matthew R Golden
Little is known about the frequency of ongoing HIV transmission within U.S. African immigrant communities. We used HIV surveillance and partner services data to describe African-born persons newly reported with HIV infection in King County (KC), WA from 1/1/2010 to 12/31/2013. We performed phylogenetic clustering analysis of HIV-1 pol to identify putative transmission events within this population. From 2010 to 2013, 1148 KC adults were reported with HIV, including 102 (9 %) born in Africa. Forty-one African-born cases were interviewed and reported diagnosis after arrival in the U...
July 9, 2016: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27362502/erratum-vol-63-no-7
#19
(no author information available yet)
In the report, "Declines in Student Obesity Prevalence Associated with a Prevention Initiative - King County, Washington, 2012," the following errors occurred.
July 1, 2016: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27348871/nurse-led-school-based-clinics-for-rheumatic-fever-prevention-and-skin-infection-management-evaluation-of-mana-kidz-programme-in-counties-manukau
#20
Philippa Anderson, Julian King, Michelle Moss, Phil Light, Tracy McKee, Elizabeth Farrell, Joanna Stewart, Diana Lennon
AIM: To evaluate registered nurse-led school clinics in 61 primary and intermediate schools in Counties Manukau. METHODS: The evaluation (conducted August–December, 2014) collated evidence concerning service delivery, outcomes, value for money and effectiveness. RESULTS: 97% (23,756/24,497) of eligible children were consented, 11% (20,696/191,423) of throat swabs taken (February 2013–September 2014) were culture positive for Group A Streptococcus (GAS); 20,176 were treated...
January 8, 2016: New Zealand Medical Journal
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