keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Syringe exchange

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29889209/cannula-implantation-into-the-cisterna-magna-of-rodents
#1
Anna L R Xavier, Natalie Linea Hauglund, Stephanie von Holstein-Rathlou, Qianliang Li, Simon Sanggaard, Nanhong Lou, Iben Lundgaard, Maiken Nedergaard
Cisterna magna cannulation (CMc) is a straightforward procedure that enables direct access to the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) without operative damage to the skull or the brain parenchyma. In anesthetized rodents, the exposure of the dura mater by blunt dissection of the neck muscles allows the insertion of a cannula into the cisterna magna (CM). The cannula, composed either by a fine beveled needle or borosilicate capillary, is attached via a polyethylene (PE) tube to a syringe. Using a syringe pump, molecules can then be injected at controlled rates directly into the CM, which is continuous with the subarachnoid space...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29889118/interest-in-getting-help-to-reduce-or-stop-substance-use-among-syringe-exchange-clients-who-use-opioids
#2
Madeline C Frost, Emily C Williams, Susan Kingston, Caleb J Banta-Green
OBJECTIVES: Opioid use is a growing problem in the United States. Despite existence of effective treatments (eg, opioid agonist medication), most people with opioid use disorder do not receive treatment. Increasing treatment receipt is an essential component of the response to the opioid crisis. We examined factors associated with interest in getting help to reduce or stop substance use among syringe exchange program (SEP) clients who reported using opioids. METHODS: Surveys were administered at 17 SEPs across Washington State during 2015; 436 respondents who reported recent opioid use and not receiving current treatment were eligible for this analysis...
June 7, 2018: Journal of Addiction Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787966/injection-drug-use-hiv-hcv-and-related-services-in-nonurban-areas-of-the-united-states-a-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
Catherine E Paquette, Robin A Pollini
BACKGROUND: Injection drug use (IDU) in nonurban areas of the United States is a growing public health concern, but there has been no comprehensive assessment of existing research on injection-related HIV and hepatitis C (HCV) in nonurban communities. We conducted a systematic review to assess the current literature and identify knowledge gaps. METHODS: We systematically searched six databases for relevant articles published between January 1990 and June 2016 and screened, extracted, and analyzed the resulting data...
May 8, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752698/opioid-use-among-those-who-have-criminal-justice-experience-harm-reduction-strategies-to-lessen-hiv-risk
#4
REVIEW
Lauren Brinkley-Rubinstein, David Cloud, Ernest Drucker, Nickolas Zaller
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: We reviewed the HIV and opioid literature relevant to harm reduction strategies for those with criminal justice experience. RECENT FINDINGS: Opioid use in the United States has risen at an alarming rate recently. This has led to increased numbers of people who inject drugs, placing new populations at risk for HIV, including those who have criminal justice experience. In recent years, there has been a gradual decrease in the number of individuals under the supervision of the criminal justice system...
May 11, 2018: Current HIV/AIDS Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735629/harm-reduction-strategies-for-the-opiod-crisis
#5
Tessie Castillo
In order to reduce disease transmission and overdose death resulting from the opioid crisis, North Carolina has recently adopted several harm reduction programs, including community based naloxone distribution and syringe exchange. Additionally, discussions are taking place about safe injection facilities as a way to further reduce the harm of opioids.
May 2018: North Carolina Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730586/overlap-between-harm-reduction-and-hiv-service-utilisation-among-pwid-in-india-implications-for-hiv-combination-prevention
#6
M Kumi Smith, Sunil S Solomon, Derek A T Cummings, Aylur K Srikrishnan, M Suresh Kumar, C K Vasudevan, Allison M McFall, Gregory M Lucas, David D Celentano, Shruti H Mehta
BACKGROUND: In some regions, HIV incidence is rising among people who inject drugs (PWID). Combination prevention approaches are well suited to PWID who face multiple sources of HIV risk. This analysis investigates patterns of utilisation to basic HIV services (HIV counselling and testing [HCT], antiretroviral therapy [ART]) as well as harm reduction programs (needle and syringe exchange programs [NSEP] and opioid agonist therapy [OAT]) among PWID and how utilisation of harm reduction services is associated with HIV-related care seeking behaviours...
May 3, 2018: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709732/treatment-initiation-strategies-for-syringe-exchange-referrals-to-methadone-maintenance-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#7
Michael Kidorf, Robert K Brooner, Jeannie-Marie Leoutsakos, Jessica Peirce
This randomized clinical trial evaluated the efficacy of three treatment initiation strategies for improving retention to methadone maintenance for opioid-dependent individuals referred from a syringe exchange program (SEP). New admissions (n = 212) were randomly assigned to one of three 3-month initiation strategies: 1) Low Threshold (LTI), 2) Voucher Reinforcement (VRI), or 3) Standard Care (SCI). LTI was modeled on interim methadone maintenance to transition SEP admissions to the structure of medication-assisted treatment while maximizing exposure to methadone pharmacotherapy...
June 1, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682801/dynamic-hyaluronan-hydrogels-with-temporally-modulated-high-injectability-and-stability-using-a-biocompatible-catalyst
#8
Junzhe Lou, Fang Liu, Christopher D Lindsay, Ovijit Chaudhuri, Sarah C Heilshorn, Yan Xia
Injectable and biocompatible hydrogels have become increasingly important for cell transplantation to provide mechanical protection of cells during injection and a stable scaffold for cell adhesion post-injection. Injectable hydrogels need to be easily pushed through a syringe needle and quickly recover to a gel state, thus generally requiring noncovalent or dynamic cross-linking. However, a dilemma exists in the design of dynamic hydrogels: hydrogels with fast exchange of cross-links are easier to eject using less force, but lack long-term stability; in contrast, slow exchange of cross-links improves stability, but compromises injectability and thus the ability to protect cells under flow...
May 2018: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680265/making-a-difference-applying-vitellone-s-social-science-of-the-syringe-to-performance-and-image-enhancing-drug-injecting
#9
Aaron Hart
Vitellone's Social Science of the Syringe investigates epistemologies of injecting drug use. She argues for a methodology that can be simultaneously sensitive to biopolitical power regimes; the trajectories of social stratification; and the resistance, creativity and dignity of human agency. She proposes a methodological focus on the syringe-in-use as an active participant in these dynamics. Harm reduction policy and service provision frameworks have paid little attention to the phenomena of performance and image enhancing drug (PIEDs) injection...
April 18, 2018: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663704/dinuclear-dy-2-single-molecule-magnets-functional-modulation-on-the-bridging-ligand-and-different-relaxation-performances-within-the-single-crystal-to-single-crystal-system
#10
Wan-Ying Zhang, Peng Chen, Hong-Feng Li, Yi-Quan Zhang, Peng-Fei Yan, Wen-Bin Sun
Crystal structures, single-molecule magnetic behavior, and ab initio calculations of four new phenoxo-bridged dinuclear dysprosium complexes and their gadolinium(III) analogues are explored. Complexes [Dy2 (DMOMP)2 (DBM)4 ]2 ⋅CHCl3 (1; DMOMP=1-methyl-3,5-dimethoxy-4-hydroxybenzene, DBM=1,3-diphenylpropane-1,3-dione); [Dy2 (DMOAP)2 (DBM)4 ]2 ⋅CHCl3 (2; DMOAP=syringaldehyde); Dy2 (DMOEP)2 (DBM)4 (3; DMOEP=methyl syringate); and solvent-free Dy2 (DMOMP)2 (DBM)4 (4), which is obtained by the transformation of single crystal into single crystal from 1, have nearly identical core structures and only differ in the substituents at the para position of the phenol moieties of the bridging ligand...
April 17, 2018: Chemistry, An Asian Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626746/experiences-with-skin-and-soft-tissue-infections-among-people-who-inject-drugs-in-philadelphia-a-qualitative-study
#11
Robert E Harris, Jessica Richardson, Rosemary Frasso, Evan D Anderson
OBJECTIVES: To understand how people who inject drugs (PWID) experience skin and soft tissue infections (SSTI) and make decisions to seek or delay medical treatment. METHODS: We conducted semi-structured, in-depth interviews in 2015 with 19 PWID at a syringe exchange program in Philadelphia. We analyzed the data using standard qualitative techniques. RESULTS: PWID described adequate knowledge about SSTI, although they could not always implement knowledge about SSTI prevention due to environmental constraints...
June 1, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547342/policy-interventions-shaping-hiv-prevention-providers-active-role-in-the-hiv-continuum-of-care
#12
Rogério M Pinto, Susan S Witte, Prema L Filippone, C Jean Choi, Melanie Wall
The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Diffusion of Effective Behavioral Interventions project has disseminated HIV behavioral interventions (EBIs) across the United States since the 1990s. In 2011, the CDC launched the High-Impact HIV Prevention (HIP) project, providing EBIs plus high-impact services (HIV testing, primary care, and support services). Providers (nurses, social workers, educators) are unable to consistently make linkages; thus, numerous at-risk individuals are not benefitting from HIP...
March 1, 2018: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29525361/federal-funding-for-syringe-exchange-in-the-us-explaining-a-long-term-policy-failure
#13
David Showalter
BACKGROUND: The United States prohibited federal funding for syringe exchange programs for people who inject drugs nearly continuously from 1988 to 2015, despite growing scientific evidence, diminishing AIDS-related controversy, and tens of thousands of deaths from injection-related AIDS. This study investigates the political and institutional bases of this long-term failure to support lifesaving public policy. METHODS: This study draws on national, regional, and local media coverage, archival sources, and semi-structured, in-depth interviews with 6 long-time syringe exchange researchers and activists from California...
March 8, 2018: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29524734/effects-of-naloxone-distribution-to-likely-bystanders-results-of-an-agent-based-model
#14
Christopher Keane, James E Egan, Mary Hawk
BACKGROUND: Opioid overdose deaths in the US rose dramatically in the past 16 years, creating an urgent national health crisis with no signs of immediate relief. In 2017, the President of the US officially declared the opioid epidemic to be a national emergency and called for additional resources to respond to the crisis. Distributing naloxone to community laypersons and people at high risk for opioid overdose can prevent overdose death, but optimal distribution methods have not yet been pinpointed...
March 7, 2018: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29509416/preparation-characterization-and-in-vitro-testing-of-nanoclay-antimicrobial-activities-and-elicitor-capacity
#15
Danila Merino, Andrea Y Mansilla, Claudia A Casalongué, Vera A Alvarez
Clay-based nanocomposites (nanoclays) are interesting systems to hold a wide type of active substances with a wide field of industrial applications. Bentonite-chitosan nanoclay was obtained via cationic exchange of natural bentonite (Bent) with an aqueous solution of chitosan (CS). Their physicochemical and morphological properties were discussed under the light of Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, thermogravimetric analysis, and scanning electron microscopy. Bent-CS characterization indicated that CS was intercalated in 10% (w/w)...
March 28, 2018: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29482677/communication-application-for-use-during-the-first-dental-visit-for-children-and-adolescents-with-autism-spectrum-disorders
#16
Adriana Gledys Zink, Eder Cassola Molina, Michele Baffi Diniz, Maria Teresa Botti Rodrigues Santos, Renata Oliveira Guaré
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to develop and evaluate an application (app) facilitating patient-professional communication among individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and compare it with the Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS). METHODS: Forty nine- to 15-year-olds were randomly divided into two groups: G1 (app; <small>N</small> equals 20) and G2 (PECS; <small>N</small> equals 20). Initially, the visual contact timing of the groups was measured...
January 1, 2018: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29481827/public-support-for-safe-consumption-sites-and-syringe-services-programs-to-combat-the-opioid-epidemic
#17
Emma E McGinty, Colleen L Barry, Elizabeth M Stone, Jeff Niederdeppe, Alene Kennedy-Hendricks, Sarah Linden, Susan G Sherman
We examine Americans' support for two evidence-based harm reduction strategies - safe consumption sites and syringe exchange programs - and their attitudes about individuals who use opioids. We conducted a web-based survey of a nationally representative sample of U.S. adults in July-August 2017 (N = 1004). We measured respondents' support for legalizing safe consumption sites and syringe services programs in their communities and their attitudes toward people who use opioids. We used ordered logistic regression to assess how stigmatizing attitudes toward people who use opioids, political party identification, and demographic characteristics correlated with support for the two harm reduction strategies...
June 2018: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474119/description-and-outcomes-of-a-buprenorphine-maintenance-treatment-program-integrated-within-prevention-point-philadelphia-an-urban-syringe-exchange-program
#18
Marcus A Bachhuber, Cole Thompson, Ann Prybylowski, José Benitez, Silvana Mazzella, David Barclay
BACKGROUND: Syringe exchange programs are uniquely positioned to offer treatment services to interested clients. Prevention Point Philadelphia recently expanded to offer buprenorphine maintenance treatment through its Stabilization, Treatment, and Engagement Program (STEP). OBJECTIVE: To describe the STEP model of care and report treatment outcomes. METHODS: Retrospective chart review of patients enrolled in STEP (October 2011 to August 2014)...
February 23, 2018: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465703/an-exploration-of-factors-impacting-preexposure-prophylaxis-eligibility-and-access-among-syringe-exchange-users
#19
Alexis M Roth, Brenna L Aumaier, Marisa A Felsher, Seth L Welles, Ana P Martinez-Donate, Martha Chavis, Barbara Van Der Pol
BACKGROUND: In 2015, approximately 50,000 new HIV infections occurred in the United States, 2,400 of which were attributable to injection drug use. Preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) has the potential to curb HIV acquisition; however, uptake remains low among persons who inject drugs (PWID). The purpose of the study is to describe PrEP eligibility, willingness to use PrEP, and ability to access PrEP among PWID recruited from a pilot program that paired screening and treatment of sexually transmitted infections with mobile syringe exchange program (SEP) services...
April 2018: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460225/the-syndemic-of-opioid-misuse-overdose-hcv-and-hiv-structural-level-causes-and-interventions
#20
REVIEW
David C Perlman, Ashly E Jordan
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This article reviews the case for recognizing (1) the epidemics of opioid misuse, overdose, hepatitis C virus, and HIV as a syndemic and (2) the importance of examining and addressing structural factors in responses to this syndemic. We focus on the current syndemic in the US, but also consider data from other locations to highlight the issues existing and arising in various contexts. RECENT FINDINGS: Advances in multi-level theory and statistical methods allow sound ecologic and multi-level analyses of the impact of structural factors on the syndemic...
April 2018: Current HIV/AIDS Reports
keyword
keyword
96551
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"