keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Syringe exchange

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663704/dinuclear-dy2-single-molecule-magnets-functional-modulation-on-the-bridge-ligand-and-different-relaxation-performances-within-the-single-crystal-to-single-crystal-system
#1
Wanying Zhang, Peng Chen, Hongfeng Li, Yiquan Zhang, Pengfei Yan, Wenbin Sun
Crystal structures, single-molecule magnetic behavior and ab initio calculations of four new phenoxo-bridged dinuclear dysprosium complexes and their Gd(III) analogues are explored. Complexes [Dy2(DMOMP)2(DBM)4]2*CHCl3 (1), [Dy2(DMOAP)2(DBM)4]2*CHCl3 (2), Dy2(DMOEP)2(DBM)4 (3) and solvent-free Dy2(DMOMP)2(DBM)4 (4) which was obtained by single-crystal to single-crystal transformation from 1 (DMOMP = 1-methyl-3,5-dimethoxy-4-hydroxybenzene, DMOAP = syringaldehyde, DMOEP = methyl syringate) have nearly identical core structure only differing in the substituents at the para position of the phenol moieties of the bridge ligand...
April 17, 2018: Chemistry, An Asian Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626746/experiences-with-skin-and-soft-tissue-infections-among-people-who-inject-drugs-in-philadelphia-a-qualitative-study
#2
Robert E Harris, Jessica Richardson, Rosemary Frasso, Evan D Anderson
OBJECTIVES: To understand how people who inject drugs (PWID) experience skin and soft tissue infections (SSTI) and make decisions to seek or delay medical treatment. METHODS: We conducted semi-structured, in-depth interviews in 2015 with 19 PWID at a syringe exchange program in Philadelphia. We analyzed the data using standard qualitative techniques. RESULTS: PWID described adequate knowledge about SSTI, although they could not always implement knowledge about SSTI prevention due to environmental constraints...
March 23, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547342/policy-interventions-shaping-hiv-prevention-providers-active-role-in-the-hiv-continuum-of-care
#3
Rogério M Pinto, Susan S Witte, Prema L Filippone, C Jean Choi, Melanie Wall
The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Diffusion of Effective Behavioral Interventions project has disseminated HIV behavioral interventions (EBIs) across the United States since the 1990s. In 2011, the CDC launched the High-Impact HIV Prevention (HIP) project, providing EBIs plus high-impact services (HIV testing, primary care, and support services). Providers (nurses, social workers, educators) are unable to consistently make linkages; thus, numerous at-risk individuals are not benefitting from HIP...
March 1, 2018: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29525361/federal-funding-for-syringe-exchange-in-the-us-explaining-a-long-term-policy-failure
#4
David Showalter
BACKGROUND: The United States prohibited federal funding for syringe exchange programs for people who inject drugs nearly continuously from 1988 to 2015, despite growing scientific evidence, diminishing AIDS-related controversy, and tens of thousands of deaths from injection-related AIDS. This study investigates the political and institutional bases of this long-term failure to support lifesaving public policy. METHODS: This study draws on national, regional, and local media coverage, archival sources, and semi-structured, in-depth interviews with 6 long-time syringe exchange researchers and activists from California...
March 8, 2018: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29524734/effects-of-naloxone-distribution-to-likely-bystanders-results-of-an-agent-based-model
#5
Christopher Keane, James E Egan, Mary Hawk
BACKGROUND: Opioid overdose deaths in the US rose dramatically in the past 16 years, creating an urgent national health crisis with no signs of immediate relief. In 2017, the President of the US officially declared the opioid epidemic to be a national emergency and called for additional resources to respond to the crisis. Distributing naloxone to community laypersons and people at high risk for opioid overdose can prevent overdose death, but optimal distribution methods have not yet been pinpointed...
March 7, 2018: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29509416/preparation-characterization-and-in-vitro-testing-of-nano-clay-antimicrobial-activities-and-elicitor-capacity
#6
Danila Merino, Andrea Yamila Mansilla, Claudia A Casalongué, Vera Alejandra Alvarez
Clay based nanocomposites (nano-clays) are interesting systems to hold a wide type of active substances with a wide field of industrial applications. Bentonite-Chitosan nano-clay was obtained via cationic exchange of natural bentonite (Bent) with an aqueous solution of chitosan (CS). Their physicochemical and morphological properties were discussed under the light of Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, Thermogravimetric analysis and Scanning electron microscopy. Bent-CS characterization indicated that CS was intercalated in a 10% w/w...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29482677/communication-application-for-use-during-the-first-dental-visit-for-children-and-adolescents-with-autism-spectrum-disorders
#7
Adriana Gledys Zink, Eder Cassola Molina, Michele Baffi Diniz, Maria Teresa Botti Rodrigues Santos, Renata Oliveira Guaré
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to develop and evaluate an application (app) facilitating patient-professional communication among individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and compare it with the Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS). METHODS: Forty nine- to 15-year-olds were randomly divided into two groups: G1 (app; <small>N</small> equals 20) and G2 (PECS; <small>N</small> equals 20). Initially, the visual contact timing of the groups was measured...
January 1, 2018: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29481827/public-support-for-safe-consumption-sites-and-syringe-services-programs-to-combat-the-opioid-epidemic
#8
Emma E McGinty, Colleen L Barry, Elizabeth Stone, Jeff Niederdeppe, Alene Kennedy-Hendricks, Sarah Linden, Susan G Sherman
We examine Americans' support for two evidence-based harm reduction strategies - safe consumption sites and syringe exchange programs - and their attitudes about individuals who use opioids. We conducted a web-based survey of a nationally representative sample of U.S. adults in July-August 2017 (N = 1004). We measured respondents' support for legalizing safe consumption sites and syringe services programs in their communities and their attitudes toward people who use opioids. We used ordered logistic regression to assess how stigmatizing attitudes toward people who use opioids, political party identification, and demographic characteristics correlated with support for the two harm reduction strategies...
February 23, 2018: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474119/description-and-outcomes-of-a-buprenorphine-maintenance-treatment-program-integrated-within-prevention-point-philadelphia-an-urban-syringe-exchange-program
#9
Marcus A Bachhuber, Cole Thompson, Ann Prybylowski, José Benitez, Silvana Mazzella, David Barclay
BACKGROUND: Syringe exchange programs are uniquely positioned to offer treatment services to interested clients. Prevention Point Philadelphia recently expanded to offer buprenorphine maintenance treatment through its Stabilization, Treatment, and Engagement Program (STEP). OBJECTIVE: To describe the STEP model of care and report treatment outcomes. METHODS: Retrospective chart review of patients enrolled in STEP (October 2011-August 2014)...
February 23, 2018: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465703/an-exploration-of-factors-impacting-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-eligibility-and-access-among-syringe-exchange-users
#10
A M Roth, B Aumaier, M Felsher, S L Welles, A P Donate-Martinez, M Chavis, B Van Der Pol
BACKGROUND: In 2015 approximately 50,000 new HIV infections occurred in the United States, 2,400 of which were attributable to injection drug use in. Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) has the potential to curb HIV acquisition, however, uptake remains low among persons who inject drugs (PWID). The purpose of the study is to describe PrEP eligibility, willingness to use PrEP, and ability to access PrEP among PWID recruited from a pilot program that paired screening and treatment for sexually transmitted infections with mobile syringe exchange program (SEP) services...
October 4, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460225/the-syndemic-of-opioid-misuse-overdose-hcv-and-hiv-structural-level-causes-and-interventions
#11
REVIEW
David C Perlman, Ashly E Jordan
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This article reviews the case for recognizing (1) the epidemics of opioid misuse, overdose, hepatitis C virus, and HIV as a syndemic and (2) the importance of examining and addressing structural factors in responses to this syndemic. We focus on the current syndemic in the US, but also consider data from other locations to highlight the issues existing and arising in various contexts. RECENT FINDINGS: Advances in multi-level theory and statistical methods allow sound ecologic and multi-level analyses of the impact of structural factors on the syndemic...
February 19, 2018: Current HIV/AIDS Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29403015/pore-forming-activity-of-the-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-type-iii-secretion-system-translocon-alters-the-host-epigenome
#12
Laurent Dortet, Charlotte Lombardi, François Cretin, Andréa Dessen, Alain Filloux
Recent studies highlight that bacterial pathogens can reprogram target cells by influencing epigenetic factors. The type III secretion system (T3SS) is a bacterial nanomachine that resembles a syringe on the bacterial surface. The T3SS 'needle' delivers translocon proteins into eukaryotic cell membranes, subsequently allowing injection of bacterial effectors into the cytosol. Here we show that Pseudomonas aeruginosa induces early T3SS-dependent dephosphorylation and deacetylation of histone H3 in eukaryotic cells...
February 5, 2018: Nature Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29370808/pharmacists-role-in-harm-reduction-a-survey-assessment-of-kentucky-community-pharmacists-willingness-to-participate-in-syringe-needle-exchange
#13
Amie Goodin, Amanda Fallin-Bennett, Traci Green, Patricia R Freeman
BACKGROUND: Pharmacists' role in harm reduction is expanding in many states, yet there are limited data on pharmacists' willingness to participate in harm reduction activities. This study assessed community pharmacists' willingness to participate in one harm reduction initiative: syringe/needle exchange. METHODS: In 2015, all Kentucky pharmacists with active licenses were emailed a survey that examined attitudes towards participation in syringe/needle exchange. Response frequencies were calculated for community pharmacist respondents...
January 25, 2018: Harm Reduction Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29357235/mobility-of-water-and-polymer-species-and-rheological-properties-of-supramolecular-polypseudorotaxane-gels-suitable-for-bone-regeneration
#14
Elisabet Segredo-Morales, Manuel Martin-Pastor, Ana Salas, Carmen Évora, Angel Concheiro, Carmen Alvarez-Lorenzo, Araceli Delgado
The aim of this work was to prepare polypseudorotaxane-based supramolecular gels combining αCD with two temperature-responsive copolymers of different architecture (i.e., linear poloxamer P and X-shaped poloxamine T), at the lowest concentration as possible to form syringeable depots, and to shed light on the self-diffusion and spatial closeness of all components (including water) which in turn may determine the cooperative self-assembly phenomena and the performance of the gels at the macroscopic level. The exchange rate between bound water and bulk water was measured with a novel NMR experiment Water Diffusion Exchange-Diffusion Optimized Spectroscopy (WDE-DOSY)...
February 21, 2018: Bioconjugate Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288913/the-association-between-neighborhood-socioeconomic-disadvantage-and-high-risk-injection-behavior-among-people-who-inject-drugs
#15
Jennifer DeCuir, Gina S Lovasi, Abdulrahman El-Sayed, Crystal Fuller Lewis
BACKGROUND: Although much research has been conducted on the determinants of HIV risk behavior among people who inject drugs (PWID), the influence of the neighborhood context on high-risk injection behavior remains understudied. To address this gap in the literature, we measured associations between neighborhood socioeconomic disadvantage and high-risk injection behavior, and determined whether these associations were modified by drug-related police activity and syringe exchange program (SEP) accessibility...
February 1, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247350/development-of-pumping-emulsification-device-with-glass-membrane-to-form-ideal-lipiodol-emulsion-in-transarterial-chemoembolization
#16
Toshihiro Tanaka, Tetsuya Masada, Hideyuki Nishiofuku, Yasushi Fukuoka, Takeshi Sato, Shota Tatsumoto, Nagaaki Marugami, Shushi Higashi, Kimihiko Kichikawa
PURPOSE: To evaluate a pumping emulsification device that can improve the physiochemical properties and stability of lipiodol emulsion for conventional transarterial chemoembolization. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A pumping emulsification device constructed of a glass membrane with a hydrophobic surface with pore size of 50 μm in diameter was placed between two syringe adaptors. Epirubicin solutions were mixed with lipiodol with pumping exchanges using the emulsification device or a three-way cock...
December 15, 2017: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241143/perceptions-about-supervised-injection-facilities-among-people-who-inject-drugs-in-philadelphia
#17
Robert E Harris, Jessica Richardson, Rosemary Frasso, Evan D Anderson
BACKGROUND: People who inject drugs (PWID) are at high risk for infectious diseases, skin and soft tissue infections, and overdose. However, these harms are all avoidable when sterile injection equipment, hygienic places to inject, and medical care are accessible. Unfortunately, many PWID in the U.S lack these resources. The most vulnerable are forced to inject in public spaces, where individual risks are high and communal harms are sometimes many. Supervised Injection Facilities (SIFs) are an established intervention for reducing these harms...
February 2018: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206116/new-pharmaceutical-salts-containing-pyridoxine
#18
Aleksandar Cvetkovski, Valeria Ferretti, Valerio Bertolasi
Two mixed crystals were obtained by crystallizing the active pharmaceutical ingredient pyridoxine [systematic name: 4,5-bis(hydroxymethyl)-2-methylpyridin-3-ol, PN] with (E)-3-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)prop-2-enoic acid (ferulic acid) and 4-hydroxy-3,5-dimethoxybenzoic acid (syringic acid). PN and the coformers crystallize in the form of pharmaceutical salts in a 1:1 stoichiometric ratio, namely 3-hydroxy-4,5-bis(hydroxymethyl)-2-methylpyridin-1-ium (E)-3-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)prop-2-enoate, C8 H12 NO3 + ·C9 H9 O5 - , and 3-hydroxy-4,5-bis(hydroxymethyl)-2-methylpyridin-1-ium 4-hydroxy-3,5-dimethoxybenzoate monohydrate, C8 H12 NO3 + ·C10 H11 O5 - ·H2 O, the proton exchange between PN and the acidic partner being supported by the differences of the pKa values of the two components and by the C-O bond lengths of the carboxylate groups...
December 1, 2017: Acta Crystallographica. Section C, Structural Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198222/epinephrine-syringe-exchange-events-in-a-paediatric-cardiovascular-icu-analysing-the-storm
#19
Barbara-Jo Achuff, Jameson C Achuff, Hwan H Park, Brady Moffett, Sebastian Acosta, Craig G Rusin, Paul A Checchia
Introduction Haemodynamically unstable patients can experience potentially hazardous changes in vital signs related to the exchange of depleted syringes of epinephrine to full syringes. The purpose was to determine the measured effects of epinephrine syringe exchanges on the magnitude, duration, and frequency of haemodynamic disturbances in the hour after an exchange event (study) relative to the hours before (control). Materials and methods Beat-to-beat vital signs recorded every 2 seconds from bedside monitors for patients admitted to the paediatric cardiovascular ICU of Texas Children's Hospital were collected between 1 January, 2013 and 30 June, 2015...
March 2018: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190252/air-fluid-dropping-technique-for-intracapsular-distilled-water-application-a-vitrectomy-approach-for-selective-targeting-of-lens-epithelial-cells
#20
Qi Zhang, Liuhui Huang, Haiying Jin, Jing Li, Peiquan Zhao
PURPOSE: We describe a simplified technique of intracapsular distilled water application for targeting lens epithelial cells using vitrectomy approach of fluid-air exchange and to evaluate the reliability and safety of this technique. METHODS: Consecutive patients with cataract were randomly assigned to treatment group and control group. After the nucleus removal and cortical aspiration, the space of anterior chamber and capsular bag were maintained with continuous infusion of sterile air by using fluid-air exchange technique through side-port incision...
November 22, 2017: Retina
keyword
keyword
96551
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"