keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Syringe exchange

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898549/hypertensive-crisis-during-norepinephrine-syringe-exchange
#1
Roland A Snijder, Johannes T A Knape, Toine C G Egberts, Annemoon M D E Timmerman
A 67-year critically ill patient suffered from a hypertensive crisis (200 mm Hg) because of a norepinephrine overdose. The overdose occurred when the clinician exchanged an almost-empty syringe and the syringe pump repeatedly reported an error. We hypothesized that an object between the plunger and the syringe driver may have caused the exertion of too much force on the syringe. Testing this hypothesis in vitro showed significant peak dosing errors (up to +572%) but moderate overdose (0.07 mL, +225%) if a clamp was used on the intravenous infusion line and a large overdose (0...
November 28, 2016: A & A Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897966/behavioral-characteristics-and-injection-practices-associated-with-skin-and-soft-tissue-infections-among-people-who-inject-drugs-a-community-based-observational-study
#2
Disa Dahlman, Anders Håkansson, Alex H Kral, Lynn Wenger, Elizabeth K Ball, Scott P Novak
BACKGROUND: People who inject drugs (PWID) are at increased risk for bacterial skin and soft tissue infections (SSTIs). While SSTIs pose significant health risks, little is known about their prevalence and characteristics in the population of PWID in the United States. This study investigates whether behavioral factors related to skin and equipment hygiene and tissue-damaging injection practices are associated with recent SSTIs among PWID. METHODS: Active PWID were recruited using targeted sampling in San Francisco in 2011-2013...
November 29, 2016: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893601/reducing-missed-opportunities-pairing-sexually-transmitted-infection-screening-with-syringe-exchange-services
#3
Alexis M Roth, Jesse L Goldshear, Ana P Martinez-Donate, Seth Welles, Martha Chavis, Barbara Van Der Pol
About 17.5% of sexually active injection drug users recruited from a syringe exchange in Camden, NJ (n = 120) screened positive for chlamydia/gonorrhea. Among these cases, 40% were detected via extragenital screening. This pilot demonstrates that colocating sexually transmitted infection control with syringe exchange leads to sexually transmitted infection case finding.
November 2016: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886001/strategy-for-the-hemocompatibility-testing-of-microparticles
#4
S Braune, S Basu, K Kratz, J Bäckemo Johansson, M Reinthaler, A Lendlein, F Jung
Polymer-based microparticles are applied as non-thrombogenic or thrombogenic materials in a wide variety of intra- or extra-corporeal medical devices. As demanded by the regulatory agencies, the hemocompatibility of these blood contacting biomaterials has to be evaluated in vitro to ensure that the particle systems appropriately fulfill the envisioned function without causing undesired events such as thrombosis or inflammation. Currently described in vitro assays for hemocompatibility testing of particles comprise tests with different single cell types (e...
November 23, 2016: Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876594/successful-control-of-a-large-outbreak-of-hiv-infection-associated-with-injection-of-cathinone-derivatives-in-tel-aviv-israel
#5
Eugene Katchman, Ronen Ben-Ami, Michal Savyon, Daniel Chemtob, Boaz Avidor, Asaf Wasserman, Irena Zeldis, Shirley Girshengorn, Ziva Amitai, Rivka Sheffer, Dan Turner
OBJECTIVES: Outbreaks of HIV infection have been linked to injectable drug abuse, but specific triggers often remain obscure. We report on an outbreak of primary HIV infection among people who inject drugs (PWID) in Tel Aviv, associated with a local shift in drug-use practices. METHODS: A cluster of primary HIV infection cases in PWID was detected in May 2012. Retrospective and prospective multi-hospital case finding was initiated. PWID were interviewed and risk factors for primary HIV infection were identified...
November 19, 2016: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855325/-not-human-dead-already-perceptions-and-experiences-of-drug-related-stigma-among-opioid-using-young-adults-from-the-former-soviet-union-living-in-the-u-s
#6
Alana Gunn, Honoria Guarino
BACKGROUND: Young people from the former Soviet Union (FSU) in the U.S. are engaging in opioid and injection drug use (IDU) in substantial numbers, paralleling nationwide trends. Yet opioid-using FSU immigrants face distinctive acculturation challenges, including perceived stigmatisation as drug users within their immigrant communities, which may exacerbate the negative health and psychosocial consequences of such use. METHODS: This qualitative study draws on semi-structured interviews with 26 FSU immigrant young adults (ages 18-29) living in New York City who reported opioid use in the past month and/or were currently in treatment for opioid use disorder...
November 14, 2016: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842543/design-of-the-indian-nca-study-indian-national-collaboration-on-aids-a-cluster-randomized-trial-to-evaluate-the-effectiveness-of-integrated-care-centers-to-improve-hiv-outcomes-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-and-persons-who-inject-drugs-in-india
#7
Sunil S Solomon, Gregory M Lucas, David D Celentano, Allison M McFall, Elizabeth Ogburn, Lawrence H Moulton, Aylur K Srikrishnan, M Suresh Kumar, Santhanam Anand, Suniti Solomon, Shruti H Mehta
BACKGROUND: Globally, men who have sex with men and people who inject drugs remain disproportionately affected by HIV, but they have not been the focus of prevention and treatment interventions in many resource-limited settings. METHODS/DESIGN: This cluster-randomized trial (conducted from June 2012 to June 2017), evaluates whether single-venue, integrated delivery of core HIV services to vulnerable high-risk populations improves service utilization and consequently, HIV testing and other outcomes along the HIV care continuum...
November 14, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756475/a-rapid-and-simple-pretreatment-method-for-benzoylurea-insecticides-in-honey-samples-using-in-syringe-dispersive-liquid-liquid-microextraction-based-on-the-direct-solidification-of-ionic-liquids
#8
Huazi Wang, Lu Hu, Wanzhen Li, Runhua Lu, Sanbing Zhang, Wenfeng Zhou, Haixiang Gao
A pretreatment method using in-syringe dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction based on the direct solidification of ionic liquids before high performance liquid chromatography analysis was developed for the determination of benzoylurea insecticides (BUs) in honey samples. The hydrophobic ionic liquid [N4444][PF6], formed in situ by the hydrophilic ionic liquid [N4444]Cl and the ion exchange reagent KPF6, was used to extract the target analytes. The entire extraction procedure was performed in a syringe. The extractant was solidified at room temperature and collected using a nylon membrane filter...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Chromatography. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738942/microencapsulation-of-stem-cells-for-therapy
#9
Shirae K Leslie, Ramsey C Kinney, Zvi Schwartz, Barbara D Boyan
An increasing demand to regenerate tissues from patient-derived sources has led to the development of cell-based therapies using autologous stem cells, thereby decreasing immune rejection of scaffolds coupled with allogeneic stem cells or allografts. Adult stem cells are multipotent and are readily available in tissues such as fat and bone marrow. They possess the ability to repair and regenerate tissue through the production of therapeutic factors, particularly vasculogenic proteins. A major challenge in cell-based therapies is localizing the delivered stem cells to the target site...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27611849/the-prison-economy-of-needles-and-syringes-what-opportunities-exist-for-blood-borne-virus-risk-reduction-when-prices-are-so-high
#10
Carla Treloar, Luke McCredie, Andrew R Lloyd
AIM: A formal Needle and Syringe Program (NSP) is not provided in Australian prisons. Injecting equipment circulates in prisons as part of an informal and illegal economy. This paper examined how this economy generates blood-borne virus (BBV) risk and risk mitigation opportunities for inmates. METHOD: The HITS-p cohort recruited New South Wales inmates who had reported ever injecting drugs and who had a negative HCV serological test within 12 months prior to enrolment...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27568822/community-pharmacist-experiences-of-providing-needle%C3%A2-and-syringe-programmes-in-ireland
#11
Jim McVeigh, Evelyn Hearne, Geoff Bates, Marie Claire Van Hout
BACKGROUND: Community pharmacists are increasingly acknowledged as under-utilized, important and accessible health providers in providing harm reduction support to drug users via needle and syringe programmes (NSP), provision of advice, HIV/Hepatitis testing and as referral mechanism to social, medical and treatment services. We report here on qualitative findings as part of the evaluation of the pilot Pharmacy Needle Exchange (PNEX) programme in Ireland. OBJECTIVES: The aim was to understand and illustrate pharmacist experiences of providing NSP...
August 3, 2016: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27566970/effectiveness-of-pharmacy-based-needle-syringe-exchange-program-for-people-who-inject-drugs-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
Ratree Sawangjit, Tahir Mehmood Khan, Nathorn Chaiyakunapruk
AIMS: To critically appraise the evidence for effectiveness of pharmacy-based needle/syringe exchange programs (Pharmacy-based NSPs) on risk behaviors (RBs), HIV/HCV prevalence, and economic outcomes among people who inject drugs (PWID). DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis SETTING: PRIMARY CARE SETTING: PARTICIPANTS: Of 1,568 studies screened, 14 studies with N = 7035 PWID were included. MEASURES: PubMed, Embase, Web of Sciences, CENTRAL, and Cochrane review databases were searched without language restriction from their inception through January 27, 2016...
August 27, 2016: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27552903/doxycycline-hyclate-loaded-bleached-shellac-in-situ-forming-microparticle-for-intraperiodontal-pocket-local-delivery
#13
Thawatchai Phaechamud, Nuttapong Chanyaboonsub, Orn Setthajindalert
Bleached shellac (BS) is a water-insoluble polyester resin made up of sesquiterpenoid acids esterified with hydroxy aliphatic acids. In this study, BS dissolved in N-methyl pyrrolidone (NMP), dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) and 2-pyrrolidone was used as the internal phase of oil in oil emulsion using olive oil emulsified with glyceryl monostearate (GMS) as the external phase of in situ forming microparticles (ISM). Doxycycline hyclate (DH)-loaded BS ISMs were tested for emulsion stability, viscosity, rheology, transformation into microparticles, syringeability, drug release, surface topography, in vitro degradation and antimicrobial activities against Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus mutans and Porphyromonas gingivalis...
October 10, 2016: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27514014/analysis-of-residual-content-of-used-syringes-collected-from-low-threshold-facilities-in-lausanne-switzerland
#14
Elodie Lefrançois, Pierre Esseiva, Jean-Pierre Gervasoni, Sonia Lucia, Frank Zobel, Marc Augsburger
BACKGROUND: For the first time in Switzerland, an analysis of residual contents from used syringes collected from low threshold facilities was performed. This preliminary study is part of a wider project aiming to understand patterns of injecting drug use over time. METHODS: Among the 100,000 syringes exchanged annually by the ABS foundation (Accueil Bas Seuil), 113 were collected following a purposive sampling method and analysed by gas chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry (GC-MS)...
September 2016: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27450717/prevalence-and-correlates-of-psychological-distress-among-drug-users-in-phnom-penh-cambodia
#15
Siyan Yi, Sovannary Tuot, Pheak Chhoun, Khuondyla Pal, Sok Chamreun Choub, Gitau Mburu
BACKGROUND: Compared to the general population, drug users are at increased risk of both poor mental health and HIV infection. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and correlates of high psychological distress among drug users in Cambodia. METHODS: In April 2014, a two-stage cluster sampling method was used to randomly select 169 drug users from hotspots in Phnom Penh. Psychological distress was measured using General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12)...
October 2016: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27449813/merchants-samaritans-and-public-health-workers-secondary-syringe-exchanger-discursive-practices
#16
Sarah Brothers
BACKGROUND: Secondary syringe exchangers (SSEs) are a vital component of harm reduction efforts among persons who inject drugs (PWIDs). However, little research has explored how secondary exchange occurs, nor why SSEs do their work. This study looks at secondary exchange as an act of resilience within the PWID risk environment. It asks how secondary syringe exchangers utilize syringes to improve their mental and material well-being. METHODS: This article draws on findings from semi-structured in-depth interviews of 30 SSEs...
June 9, 2016: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27449331/-we-get-by-with-a-little-help-from-our-friends-small-scale-informal-and-large-scale-formal-peer-distribution-networks-of-sterile-injecting-equipment-in-australia
#17
Jamee Newland, Christy Newman, Carla Treloar
BACKGROUND: In Australia, sterile needles and syringes are distributed to people who inject drugs (PWID) through formal services for the purposes of preventing blood borne viruses (BBV). Peer distribution involves people acquiring needles from formal services and redistributing them to others. This paper investigates the dynamics of the distribution of sterile injecting equipment among networks of people who inject drugs in four sites in New South Wales (NSW), Australia. METHODS: Qualitative data exploring the practice of peer distribution were collected through in-depth, semi-structured interviews and participatory social network mapping...
August 2016: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27437431/reduction-in-injection-risk-behaviors-after-institution-of-an-emergency-syringe-exchange-program-during-an-hiv-outbreak-among-persons-who-inject-drugs-indiana-2015
#18
Monita R Patel, Brittany Combs, Patti Hall, Jill Hough, Erika Chapman, Andrea Perez, John T Brooks, Philip J Peters, Dita Broz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2015: Open Forum Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27379802/humoral-dysregulation-associated-with-increased-systemic-inflammation-among-injection-heroin-users
#19
Michael S Piepenbrink, Memorie Samuel, Bo Zheng, Brittany Carter, Christopher Fucile, Catherine Bunce, Michelle Kiebala, Atif A Khan, Juilee Thakar, Sanjay B Maggirwar, Diane Morse, Alexander F Rosenberg, Norman J Haughey, William Valenti, Michael C Keefer, James J Kobie
BACKGROUND: Injection drug use is a growing major public health concern. Injection drug users (IDUs) have a higher incidence of co-morbidities including HIV, Hepatitis, and other infections. An effective humoral response is critical for optimal homeostasis and protection from infection; however, the impact of injection heroin use on humoral immunity is poorly understood. We hypothesized that IDUs have altered B cell and antibody profiles. METHODS AND FINDINGS: A comprehensive systems biology-based cross-sectional assessment of 130 peripheral blood B cell flow cytometry- and plasma- based features was performed on HIV-/Hepatitis C-, active heroin IDUs who participated in a syringe exchange program (n = 19) and healthy control subjects (n = 19)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27377896/effects-of-combination-approach-on-harm-reduction-programs-the-taiwan-experience
#20
Ting Lin, Chang-Hsun Chen, Pesus Chou
BACKGROUND: In 2003, a major epidemic of human immunodeficiency virus emerged among injection drug users in Taiwan. In response to the twin epidemics of HIV and intravenous drug addiction, the government implemented comprehensive harm reduction programs beginning in 2005. Collected data from relevant agencies were used to explore the impact of the harm reduction programs on HIV and illicit drug use. METHODS: This study divided 2002-2015 into three intervention phases and used the surveillance data and statistics on the HIV epidemic, drug abuse, and the intervention from relevant agencies to explore the correlations between different variables in different intervention periods and the combination effects of interventions on the HIV epidemic...
2016: Harm Reduction Journal
keyword
keyword
96551
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"