keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Needle exchange

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040841/-caught-with-a-body-yet-protected-by-law-calling-911-for-opioid-overdose-in-the-context-of-the-good-samaritan-law
#1
Amanda D Latimore, Rachel S Bergstein
BACKGROUND: To address soaring opioid overdose fatality rates, 41U.S. states have passed Good Samaritan Laws (GSLs) extending legal immunity to overdose bystanders who call for emergency assistance. This study, conducted during the period that followed implementation of a GSL, aimed to characterize current factors determining the decision to call for emergency medical help (911) at the scene of an overdose with specific attention to exploring the role of the GSL as one such factor in decision-making...
October 14, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017610/hiv-among-people-who-inject-drugs-in-hungary
#2
András Ortutay, V Anna Gyarmathy, Zsuzsa Marjanek, Károly Nagy, József Rácz, István Barcs
BACKGROUND: Before 2014 (the year of closure of the two largest needle exchange programs in Hungary, which halved the number of available syringes in the country despite increased injecting risk practices) no HIV was reportedly acquired in Hungary among people who inject drugs (PWIDs) who were not also men who had sex with other men (MSM). In 2014, one and in 2015 two non-MSM PWIDs were newly diagnosed with HIV who supposedly became infected in Hungary, and both incident HIV cases in 2015 were diagnosed in the AIDS stage...
October 11, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985499/measurement-of-backbone-hydrogen-deuterium-exchange-in-the-type-iii-secretion-system-needle-protein-prgi-by-solid-state-nmr
#3
Veniamin Chevelkov, Karin Giller, Stefan Becker, Adam Lange
In this report we present site-specific measurements of amide hydrogen-deuterium exchange rates in a protein in the solid state phase by MAS NMR. Employing perdeuteration, proton detection and a high external magnetic field we could adopt the highly efficient Relax-EXSY protocol previously developed for liquid state NMR. According to this method, we measured the contribution of hydrogen exchange on apparent (15)N longitudinal relaxation rates in samples with differing D2O buffer content. Differences in the apparent T1 times allowed us to derive exchange rates for multiple residues in the type III secretion system needle protein...
October 2017: Journal of Magnetic Resonance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967320/communication-strategies-to-counter-stigma-and-improve-mental-illness-and-substance-use-disorder-policy
#4
Emma McGinty, Bernice Pescosolido, Alene Kennedy-Hendricks, Colleen L Barry
Despite the high burden and poor rates of treatment associated with mental illness and substance use disorders, public support for allocating resources to improving treatment for these disorders is low. A growing body of research suggests that effective policy communication strategies can increase public support for policies benefiting people with these conditions. In October 2015, the Center for Mental Health and Addiction Policy Research at Johns Hopkins University convened an expert forum to identify what is currently known about the effectiveness of such policy communication strategies and produce recommendations for future research...
October 2, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963860/evaluation-of-the-in-vitro-behavior-of-nanostructured-hydroxyapatite-and-zinc-doped-hydroxyapatite-coatings-obtained-using-solution-precursor-plasma-spraying
#5
Rolando T Candidato, Camille Thouzellier, Lech Pawłowski
The in-vitro behavior of hydroxyapatite (HA) and zinc (Zn) doped HA coatings obtained using solution precursor plasma spraying is evaluated in this work. The modifications of the surface morphology and phase composition of the coatings after immersion in simulated body fluid (SBF) were analyzed. In particular, apatite layer was formed on the pure HA coating's surface and inside their micropores. The layer exhibited needle-like nanostructures where needles had diameter of 7-10 nm. The formation of apatite was explained by the surface charge mechanism...
September 30, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part B, Applied Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882143/characteristics-of-persons-who-inject-drugs-and-who-witness-opioid-overdoses-in-vietnam-a-cross-sectional-analysis-to-inform-future-overdose-prevention-programs
#6
N A Blackburn, K E Lancaster, T V Ha, C A Latkin, W C Miller, C Frangakis, V A Chu, T Sripaipan, V M Quan, N L Minh, P T Vu, V F Go
BACKGROUND: Persons who use opioids have a high risk of overdose and associated mortality. In Vietnam, little is known about the characteristics of this population and the persons who are witness to those overdoses. One approach to combatting fatal overdose has been the use of peer interventions in which a friend or injecting partner administers overdose reversal medication, but availability in Vietnam of these medications is limited to pilot programs with aims to expand in the future (Le Minh and V...
September 7, 2017: Harm Reduction Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879520/transnasal-snare-technique-for-retrograde-primary-jejunostomy-placement-after-surgical-gastrojejunostomy
#7
Rajiv N Srinivasa, Jeffrey Forris Beecham Chick, Anthony N Hage, James J Shields, Wael E Saad, Bill S Majdalany, Ravi N Srinivasa
PURPOSE: To report a transnasal snare technique for retrograde primary jejunostomy placement after surgical gastrojejunostomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two patients underwent the transnasal snare technique for retrograde primary jejunostomy placement. Patients included two females, age 58 and 62. In both patients, a gooseneck snare was inserted in a transnasal fashion. After insertion of the snare into the jejunum, the location was confirmed with ultrasound. The snare was then targeted using a Chiba needle through which a 0...
September 6, 2017: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862424/injectable-macroporous-ferrogel-microbeads-with-a-high-structural-stability-for-magnetically-actuated-drug-delivery
#8
Bom Yi Shin, Bong Geun Cha, Ji Hoon Jeong, Jaeyun Kim
Macroporous hydrogels are an attractive material platform that can provide shortened interfacial diffusion pathways and high biomacromolecule loading. Recently, macroporous ferrogels have shown high potential for use in the on-demand delivery of bioactive molecules, resulting from their reversible and large volumetric deformation upon magnetic stimulation. However, these macroporous ferrogels require surgical placement in the body due to their large size; an injectable form of macroporous ferrogels has not yet been reported...
September 20, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799847/the-willingness-of-people-who-inject-drugs-in-boston-to-use-a-supervised-injection-facility
#9
Casey León, Lena Cardoso, Sarah Mackin, Barry Bock, Jessie M Gaeta
BACKGROUND: In Massachusetts, the number of opioid-related deaths has increased 350% since 2000. In the setting of increasing overdose deaths, one potential intervention is supervised injection facilities (SIFs). This study explores willingness of people who inject drugs in Boston to use a SIF and examines factors associated with willingness. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of a convenience sample of 237 people who inject drugs and utilize Boston's needle exchange program (NEP)...
August 11, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762584/drug-related-stigma-and-access-to-care-among-people-who-inject-drugs-in-vietnam
#10
Chiao-Wen Lan, Chunqing Lin, Duong Cong Thanh, Li Li
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: There are considerable challenges faced by people with a history of injecting drug use (PWID) in Vietnam, including drug-related stigma and lack of access to healthcare. Seeking and utilising healthcare, as well as harm reduction programs for PWID, are often hampered by drug-related stigma. This study aimed to examine the impacts of drug-related stigma on access to care and utilisation of harm reduction programs among PWID in Vietnam. DESIGN AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in two provinces in Vietnam, Phú Thọ and Vinh Phúc...
August 1, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691051/peroral-endoscopic-myotomy-using-flushknife-bt-a-single-center-series
#11
Shinwa Tanaka, Takashi Toyonaga, Fumiaki Kawara, Ian S Grimm, Namiko Hoshi, Hirofumi Abe, Yoshiko Ohara, Yoshinori Morita, Eiji Umegaki, Takeshi Azuma
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS : Peroral endoscopic myotomy (POEM) is an evolving new treatment strategy for achalasia. Although several kinds of electrosurgical knives have been used in performing POEM, the best device has yet to be determined. The FlushKnife BT is a waterjet-emitting short needle-knife with a small ball tip (BT) that offers the potential to perform all aspects of POEM with a single device. In this study, we evaluated the safety and efficiency of the FlushKnife BT for POEM...
July 2017: Endoscopy International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613387/dielectrophoretic-characterization-and-isolation-of-jellyfish-stinging-capsules
#12
Sinwook Park, Daniel Capelin, Gadi Piriatinskiy, Tamar Lotan, Gilad Yossifon
Jellyfish stinging capsules known as nematocysts are explosive, natural-injection systems with high potential as a natural drug-delivery system. These organelles consist of a capsule containing a highly folded thin needle-like tubule and a matrix highly concentrated with charged constituents that enable the tubule to fire and penetrate a target. For the purpose of using these nematocysts as drug delivery system it is first required to purify subpopulations from heterogeneous population of capsules and to investigate each subpopulation's distinct function and characteristics...
August 2017: Electrophoresis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604437/a-decline-in-hiv-testing-among-persons-who-inject-drugs-in-the-seattle-area-2004-2015
#13
Richard D Burt, Joe Tinsley, Sara Nelson Glick
BACKGROUND: Promoting HIV testing is a key component of the public health response to HIV. Assessing HIV testing frequency among persons who inject drugs (PWID) monitors the status of these efforts and can identify unmet needs and opportunities to more effectively promote testing. METHODS: Data were combined from 4 Seattle-area surveys of PWID from the National HIV Behavioral Surveillance (NHBS) program (2005-2015) and 6 surveys of Needle Exchange clients (2004-2015)...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586368/stabilization-of-lead-in-incineration-fly-ash-by-moderate-thermal-treatment-with-sodium-hydroxide-addition
#14
Bing Gong, Yi Deng, Yuanyi Yang, Yong He, Xiaolong Sun, Li-Ya Ge, Kewei Zhang, Weizhong Yang
Municipal solid waste (MSW) incineration fly ash (IFA) can be potentially reused as a substitute for some raw materials, but treatment for detoxification is indispensable owing to high contents of heavy metals in fly ash. In the present work, due to excessive leaching concentration of lead (Pb), a moderate thermal treatment with sodium hydroxide (NaOH) addition was employed to stabilize Pb in IFA. The moderate thermal treatment was performed under relatively low temperature ranging from 300 to 500°C and at retention time from 1 to 3 h with NaOH addition in a range of 1 to 9%...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574295/prevalence-of-hepatitis-c-and-pre-testing-awareness-of-hepatitis-c-status-in-1500-consecutive-pwid-participants-at-the-stockholm-needle-exchange-program
#15
Martin Kåberg, Anders Hammarberg, Christer Lidman, Ola Weiland
BACKGROUND: People who inject drugs (PWID) are the driving force of the hepatitis C virus (HCV) epidemic. Still, treatment is scarcely offered and the awareness of HCV status in PWID is poor. Prevention includes clean needles, syringes and other paraphernalia. HCV awareness was investigated in 1500 PWID in a needle exchange program (NEP) in Stockholm, Sweden, together with HCV prevalence, and time to HCV infection after start of injection drug use. METHODS: 1500 PWID in the Stockholm NEP were consecutively enrolled...
June 2, 2017: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514954/needle-exchange-programs-for-the-prevention-of-hepatitis-c-virus-infection-in-people-who-inject-drugs-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#16
Stephen M Davis, Shay Daily, Alfgeir L Kristjansson, George A Kelley, Keith Zullig, Adam Baus, Danielle Davidov, Melanie Fisher
BACKGROUND: Previous research on the effectiveness of needle exchange programs (NEP) in preventing hepatitis C virus (HCV) in people who inject drugs (PWID) has shown mixed findings. The purpose of this study was to use the meta-analytic approach to examine the association between NEP use and HCV prevention in PWIDs. METHODS: Study inclusion criteria were (1) observational studies, (2) PWIDs, (3) NEP use, (4) HCV status ascertained by serological testing, (5) studies published in any language since January 1, 1989, and (6) data available for measures of association...
May 17, 2017: Harm Reduction Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490711/purification-crystallization-and-x-ray-diffraction-study-of-the-c-terminal-domain-of-human-herpesvirus-6a-immediate-early-protein-2
#17
Junjie Wang, Mitsuhiro Nishimura, Aika Wakata, Yasuko Mori
Human herpesvirus 6A (HHV-6A) starts its replication cycle following the action of immediate early proteins that transactivate viral promoters. Immediate early protein 2 (IE2) of HHV-6A is a 1500 amino acid polypeptide with a C-terminal region that is conserved among beta-herpesvirus subfamily members. In this study, a structural domain in the homologous C-terminal region was subjected to secondary structure prediction, and residues 1324-1500 were subsequently designated as the C-terminal domain of IE2 (IE2-CTD)...
April 7, 2017: Kobe Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415500/sustained-release-of-simvastatin-from-hollow-carbonated-hydroxyapatite-microspheres-prepared-by-aspartic-acid-and-sodium-dodecyl-sulfate
#18
Ke Wang, Yinjing Wang, Xu Zhao, Yi Li, Tao Yang, Xue Zhang, Xiaoguang Wu
Hollow carbonated hydroxyapatite (HCHAp) microspheres as simvastatin (SV) sustained-release vehicles were fabricated through a novel and simple one-step biomimetic strategy. Firstly, hollow CaCO3 microspheres were precipitated through the reaction of CaCl2 with Na2CO3 in the presence of aspartic acid and sodium dodecyl sulfate. Then, the as-prepared hollow CaCO3 microspheres were transformed into HCHAp microspheres with a controlled anion-exchange method. The HCHAp microspheres were 3-5μm with a shell thickness of 0...
June 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397450/bethesda-system-in-the-evaluation-of-thyroid-nodules-review
#19
REVIEW
Marta Wesoła, Michał Jeleń
Fine needle aspiration (FNA) biopsy is an important and widely accepted method used in the diagnosis of patients with thyroid nodules.The lack of consistency in reporting FNA taken from the thyroid gland has led to divergences in the calculation of the sensitivity and specificity of the method. Discrepancies depend on what was considered to be true or false negative/positive. This resulted in confusion among doctors, who had to decide how to manage the patient with constantly changing positive or negative results of the FNA...
January 2017: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394056/putting-a-face-to-opiate-addiction-for-students-at-a-needle-exchange-programme
#20
Rolando Tringale, Jo Marie Reilly
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Medical Education
keyword
keyword
96550
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"