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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198100/enteroatmospheric-fistula-management-by-endoscopic-gastrostomy-peg-tube
#1
Luiz Ec Miranda, Ana Cg Miranda
Management of small-bowel fistulas which are in an open abdomen and have no soft tissue overlay or a fistula tract involves many complications and challenges. Controlling the local leakage of enteric contents has a central role in the success of medical treatment. There are several methods to deal with fistula discharge but unfortunately, the technical solutions only partially address such problems and a definitive management of fistula discharge still remains an insoluble challenge. We describe a simple and cheap method to control fistula leakage by using a percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy tube...
February 15, 2017: International Wound Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151898/how-much-does-decompressive-laparotomy-reduce-the-mortality-rate-in-primary-abdominal-compartment-syndrome-a-single-center-prospective-study-on-66-patients
#2
Mircea Muresan, Simona Muresan, Klara Brinzaniuc, Septimiu Voidazan, Daniela Sala, Ovidiu Jimborean, Al Husseim Hussam, Tivadar Bara, Gabriel Popescu, Cristian Borz, Radu Neagoe
Contribution of decompressive laparotomy within the framework of the complex therapeutic algorithm of abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS) is cited with an extremely heterogeneous percentage in terms of survival. The purpose of this study was to present new data regarding contribution of each therapeutic step toward decreasing the mortality of this syndrome.This is a longitudinal prospective study including 134 patients with risk factors for ACS. The intra-abdominal pressure was measured every hour indirectly based on transvesical approach and the appearance of organ dysfunction...
February 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121035/recent-developments-in-the-surgical-management-of-complex-intra-abdominal-infection
#3
REVIEW
M Soop, G L Carlson
BACKGROUND: Current guidance on the management of sepsis often applies to infection originating from abdominal or pelvic sources, which presents specific challenges and opportunities for efficient and rapid source control. Advances made in the past decade are presented in this article. METHODS: A qualitative systematic review was undertaken by searching standard literature databases for English-language studies presenting original data on the clinical management of abdominal and pelvic complex infection in adults over the past 10 years...
January 2017: British Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099974/temporary-vacuum-assisted-closure-of-the-open-abdomen-in-neonates
#4
Kengo Hattori, Alp Numanoglu, Sharon Cox
Introduction The need for open abdomen in the treatment of severely ill neonates will increase in time as more complex abdominal procedures are undertaken. However, the experience of temporary closure of an open abdomen using vacuum-assisted closure (VAC) system is still relatively limited in premature and term neonates. The aim of this study is to describe and review our experience in the use of temporary VAC of the open abdomen for neonates with varying pathological processes. Materials and Methods A retrospective folder review of all neonates treated with VAC for open abdomen over the study period of 2010 to 2014 at our institution was performed...
January 18, 2017: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093615/the-open-abdomen-route-by-eurahs-introduction-of-the-data-set-and-initial-results-of-procedures-and-procedure-related-complications
#5
A Willms, F Muysoms, C Güsgen, R Schwab, J Lock, S Schaaf, C Germer, I Richardsen, U Dietz
INTRODUCTION: Open abdomen management has become a well-established strategy in the treatment of serious intra-abdominal pathologies. Key objectives are fistula prevention and high fascial closure rates. The current level of evidence on laparostoma is insufficient. This is due to the rareness of laparostomas, the heterogeneity of study cohorts, and broad diversity of techniques. Collecting data in a standardised, multicentre registry is necessary to draw up evidence-based guidelines. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In order to improve the level of evidence on laparostomy, CAMIN (surgical working group for military and emergency surgery) of DGAV (German Society for General and Visceral Surgery), initiated the implementation of a laparostomy registry...
January 16, 2017: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030492/stapled-versus-handsewn-a-prospective-emergency-surgery-study-shapes-an-american-association-for-the-surgery-of-trauma-multi-institutional-study
#6
Brandon R Bruns, David S Morris, Martin Zielinski, Nathan T Mowery, Preston R Miller, Kristen Arnold, Herb A Phelan, Jason Murry, David Turay, John Fam, John S Oh, Oliver L Gunter, Toby Enniss, Joseph D Love, David Skarupa, Matthew Benns, Alisan Fathalizadeh, Pak Shan Leung, Matthew M Carrick, Brent Jewett, Joseph Sakran, Lindsay O'Meara, Anthony V Herrera, Hegang Chen, Thomas M Scalea, Jose J Diaz
BACKGROUND: Data from the trauma patient population suggests handsewn anastomoses (HS) are superior to stapled (ST). A recent retrospective study in emergency general surgery (EGS) patients had similar findings. The aim of the current study is to evaluate HS and ST anastomoses in EGS patients undergoing urgent/emergent operations. METHODS: The study was sponsored by the AAST Multi-Institutional Studies Committee. Patients undergoing urgent/emergent bowel resection for EGS pathology were prospectively enrolled from 7/22/2013-12/31/2015...
December 23, 2016: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004770/multimodal-magnetic-resonance-and-near-infrared-fluorescent-imaging-of-intraperitoneal-ovarian-cancer-using-a-dual-mode-dual-gadolinium-liposomal-contrast-agent
#7
M K Ravoori, S Singh, R Bhavane, A K Sood, B Anvari, J Bankson, A Annapragada, V Kundra
The degree of tumor removal at surgery is a major factor in predicting outcome for ovarian cancer. A single multimodality agent that can be used with magnetic resonance (MR) for staging and pre-surgical planning, and with optical imaging to aid surgical removal of tumors, would present a new paradigm for ovarian cancer. We assessed whether a dual-mode, dual-Gadolinium (DM-Dual-Gd-ICG) contrast agent can be used to visualize ovarian tumors in the peritoneal cavity by multimodal MR and near infra-red imaging (NIR)...
December 22, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982322/reflections-on-the-open-abdomen
#8
EDITORIAL
Domingos André Fernandes Drumond
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941356/abdominal-compartment-syndrome-and-the-open-abdomen-any-unresolved-issues
#9
Michael Sugrue
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This article reviews the key principles of abdominal compartment syndrome and the open abdomen, exploring some of the unresolved issues. It reviews new concepts in care. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent use of peritoneal resuscitation, and benefits of mesh-mediated traction are discussed. Abdominal compartment syndrome remains a result of complex interaction between general haemorrhage, sepsis and fluid resuscitation. Improved resuscitation and sepsis control has decreased but not abolished the need for the open abdomen and progression for abdominal compartment syndrome...
February 2017: Current Opinion in Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918375/treatments-and-other-prognostic-factors-in-the-management-of-the-open-abdomen-a-systematic-review
#10
Adam T Cristaudo, Scott B Jennings, Kerry Hitos, Ronny Gunnarsson, Alan DeCosta
BACKGROUND: The open abdomen (OA) is an important approach for managing intra-abdominal catastrophes and continues to be the standard of care. Despite this, challenges remain with it associated with a high incidence of complications and poor outcomes. The objective of this article is to perform a systematic review in accordance with Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines to identify prognostic factors in OA patients in regard to definitive fascial closure (DFC), mortality and intra-abdominal complications...
February 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910727/tannin-based-adhesive-for-protection-of-colonic-anastomosis-in-the-open-abdomen
#11
Youming Deng, Jianan Ren, Guopu Chen, Gefei Wang, Guosheng Gu, Jieshou Li
This study was aimed to evaluate the effect of tannin acid- polyethylene glycol (TP) adhesive on the wound healing process of primary colonic anastomosis in the open abdomen (OA). Adhesion strength test, degradation and hemostatic ability of TP were investigated. In a rat model, after standard colonic anastomoses, rats were divided into three groups: OA group; OA + FG (fibrin glue) group; OA + TP group. Five days after surgery, body weight, anastomotic bursting pressure (ABP), and histology of anastomotic tissue were evaluated...
February 2017: Journal of Biomaterials Science. Polymer Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901277/negative-pressure-wound-therapy-for-prevention-and-treatment-of-surgical-site-infections-after-vascular-surgery
#12
REVIEW
S Acosta, M Björck, A Wanhainen
BACKGROUND: Indications for negative-pressure wound therapy (NPWT) in vascular surgical patients are expanding. The aim of this review was to outline the evidence for NPWT on open and closed wounds. METHODS: A PubMed, EMBASE and Cochrane Library search from 2007 to June 2016 was performed combining the medical subject headings terms 'wound infection', 'abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA)', 'fasciotomy', 'vascular surgery' and 'NPWT' or 'VAC'. RESULTS: NPWT of open infected groin wounds was associated with shorter duration of wound healing by 47 days, and was more cost-effective than alginate dressings in one RCT...
January 2017: British Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898352/management-of-the-open-abdomen-using-negative-pressure-wound-therapy-with-instillation-in-severe-abdominal-sepsis-a-review-of-48-cases-in-hospital-mexico-costa-rica
#13
Pablo Sibaja, Alfredo Sanchez, Guillermo Villegas, Alvaro Apestegui, Esteban Mora
INTRODUCTION: Despite the numerous advances in recent years, severe abdominal sepsis (with associated organ failure associated with infection) remains a serious, life-threatening condition with a high mortality rate. OA is a viable alternative to the previously used scheduled repeat laparotomy or continuous peritoneal lavage. The use of Negative Pressure Wound Therapy (NPWT) has been described as a successful method of management of the open abdomen. Adding instillation of saline solution to NPWT in a programmed and controlled manner, could offer the clinician an additional tool for the management of complex septic abdomen...
November 17, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27851212/1577-a-low-cost-low-resource-device-for-primary-fascial-closure-in-the-open-abdomen
#14
Rishi Rattan, Nicholas Namias
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27678383/the-abdominal-reapproximation-anchor-device-a-single-australian-tertiary-hospital-experience
#15
Alfin Okullo, Mehan Siriwardhane, Tony C Y Pang, Jane-Louise Sinclair, Vincent W T Lam, Arthur James Richardson, Henry Pleass, Emma Johnston
INTRODUCTION: Achieving primary fascial closure after damage control laparostomy can be challenging. A number of devices are in use, with none having yet emerged as best practice. In July 2013, at Westmead Hospital, we started using the abdominal reapproximation anchor (ABRA; Canica Design, Almonte, Ontario, Canada) device. We report on our experience. METHODS: A retrospective review of medical records for patients who had open abdomens managed with the ABRA device between July to December 2013 was done...
September 26, 2016: Surgical Innovation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27648164/open-abdomen-in-gastrointestinal-surgery-which-technique-is-the-best-for-temporary-closure-during-damage-control
#16
Marcelo A F Ribeiro Junior, Emily Alves Barros, Sabrina Marques de Carvalho, Vinicius Pereira Nascimento, José Cruvinel Neto, Alexandre Zanchenko Fonseca
AIM: To compare the 3 main techniques of temporary closure of the abdominal cavity, vacuum assisted closure (vacuum-assisted closure therapy - VAC), Bogota bag and Barker technique, in damage control surgery. METHODS: After systematic review of the literature, 33 articles were selected to compare the efficiency of the three procedures. Criteria such as cost, infections, capacity of reconstruction of the abdominal wall, diseases associated with the technique, among others were analyzed...
August 27, 2016: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27601035/abdominal-wall-integrity-after-open-abdomen-long-term-results-of-vacuum-assisted-wound-closure-and-mesh-mediated-fascial-traction-vawcm
#17
A Willms, S Schaaf, R Schwab, I Richardsen, D Bieler, B Wagner, C Güsgen
PURPOSE: The open abdomen has become a standard technique in the management of critically ill patients undergoing surgery for severe intra-abdominal conditions. Negative pressure and mesh-mediated fascial traction are commonly used and achieve low fistula rates and high fascial closure rates. In this study, long-term results of a standardised treatment approach are presented. METHODS: Fifty-five patients who underwent OA management for different indications at our institution from 2006 to 2013 were enrolled...
September 6, 2016: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27568459/supine-position-and-nonmodifiable-risk-factors-for-ventilator-associated-pneumonia-in-trauma-patients
#18
Christopher P Michetti, Heather A Prentice, Jennifer Rodriguez, Anna Newcomb
BACKGROUND: We studied trauma-specific conditions precluding semiupright positioning and other nonmodifiable risk factors for their influence on ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP). METHODS: We performed a retrospective study at a Level I trauma center from 2008 to 2012 on ICU patients aged ≥15, who were intubated for more than 2 days. Using backward logistic regression, a composite of 4 factors (open abdomen, acute spinal cord injury, spine fracture, spine surgery) that preclude semiupright positioning (supine composite) and other variables were analyzed...
February 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27551925/international-consensus-conference-on-open-abdomen-in-trauma
#19
REVIEW
Osvaldo Chiara, Stefania Cimbanassi, Walter Biffl, Ari Leppaniemi, Sharon Henry, Thomas M Scalea, Fausto Catena, Luca Ansaloni, Arturo Chieregato, Elvio de Blasio, Giorgio Gambale, Giovanni Gordini, Guiseppe Nardi, Pietro Paldalino, Francesco Gossetti, Paolo Dionigi, Giuseppe Noschese, Gregorio Tugnoli, Sergio Ribaldi, Sebastian Sgardello, Stefano Magnone, Stefano Rausei, Anna Mariani, Francesca Mengoli, Salomone di Saverio, Maurizio Castriconi, Federico Coccolini, Joseph Negreanu, Salvatore Razzi, Carlo Coniglio, Francesco Morelli, Maurizio Buonanno, Monica Lippi, Liliana Trotta, Annalisa Volpi, Luca Fattori, Mauro Zago, Paolo de Rai, Fabrizio Sammartano, Roberto Manfredi, Emiliano Cingolani
BACKGROUND: A part of damage-control laparotomy is to leave the fascial edges and the skin open to avoid abdominal compartment syndrome and allow further explorations. This condition, known as open abdomen (OA), although effective, is associated with severe complications. Our aim was to develop evidence-based recommendations to define indications for OA, techniques for temporary abdominal closure, management of enteric fistulas, and methods of definitive wall closure. METHODS: The literature from 1990 to 2014 was systematically screened according to PRISMA [Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses] protocol...
January 2016: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27547961/management-of-the-open-abdomen-clinical-recommendations-for-the-trauma-acute-care-surgeon-and-general-surgeon
#20
Luis G Fernández
Traditionally, the surgical approach to managing abdominal injuries was to assess the extent of trauma, repair any damage and close the abdomen in one definitive procedure rather than leave the abdomen open. With advances in medicine, damage control surgery using temporary abdominal closure methods is being used to manage the open abdomen (OA) when closure is not possible. Although OA management is often observed in traumatic injuries, the extension of damage control surgery concepts, in conjunction with OA, for the management of the septic patient requires that the general surgeon who is faced with these challenges has a comprehensive knowledge of this complex subject...
September 2016: International Wound Journal
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