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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29060835/phonequant-a-smartphone-based-quantitative-immunoassay-analyser
#1
Malay Ilesh Shah, Jayaraj Joseph, Ujwal Sriharsha Sanne, Mohanasankar Sivaprakasam
There is a vital need for portable and cost-effective point-of-care (PoC) testing technologies that provide reliable and rapid results. Lateral Flow Immunoassays (LFIA) are suitable PoC diagnostic tools with the potential for use in a wide variety of field applications ranging from uses in clinical diagnostics to aiding law enforcement. Quick and reliable diagnosis of non-communicable diseases (NCD) like diabetes is vital especially in developing countries like India where the burden of these diseases is very high and is increasing day by day...
July 2017: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029897/worldwide-trends-in-body-mass-index-underweight-overweight-and-obesity-from-1975-to-2016-a-pooled-analysis-of-2416-population-based-measurement-studies-in-128%C3%A2-9-million-children-adolescents-and-adults
#2
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Underweight, overweight, and obesity in childhood and adolescence are associated with adverse health consequences throughout the life-course. Our aim was to estimate worldwide trends in mean body-mass index (BMI) and a comprehensive set of BMI categories that cover underweight to obesity in children and adolescents, and to compare trends with those of adults. METHODS: We pooled 2416 population-based studies with measurements of height and weight on 128·9 million participants aged 5 years and older, including 31·5 million aged 5-19 years...
October 10, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749643/non-communicable-disease-risk-factors-and-their-trends-in-india
#3
Suzanne Nethan, Dhirendra Sinha, Ravi Mehrotra
Background: India is a populous country of about 1.3 billion. Non communicable diseases (NCDs) contribute to around 5.87 million (60%) of all deaths in India. Hence, the objectives of this paper are to find baseline information on different NCD risk factors coverage and to determine their trends in India. Methods: For this systematic review, PubMed, Google and different surveillance systems were searched. Of the search results, 41 papers/survey reports were eventually assessed for eligibility. National and state representative data on NCD risk factors (for the major NCDs like cardiovascular diseases, chronic respiratory disease, cancer and diabetes) having World Health Organization(WHO) indicator definitions, covering rural and urban population, were included in the study...
July 27, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726795/a-retrospective-analysis-of-hypertension-screening-at-a-mass-gathering-in-india-implications-for-non-communicable-disease-control-strategies
#4
S Balsari, P Vemulapalli, M Gofine, K Oswal, R Merchant, S Saunik, G Greenough, T Khanna
Cardiovascular disease is the leading case of mortality from non-communicable diseases (NCD) in India. The government's National Programme for Prevention and Control of Cancer, Diabetes, Cardiovascular Diseases and Stroke seeks to increase capacity building, screening, referral and management of NCDs across India, and includes community-based outreach and screening programmes. The government in India routinely provides basic care at religious mass gatherings. However, in 2015, at the Kumbh Mela in Nashik and Trimbakeshwar, the state government extended its services to include a hypertension screening programme...
November 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598973/seven-year-longitudinal-change-in-risk-factors-for-non-communicable-diseases-in-rural-kerala-india-the-who-steps-approach
#5
Thirunavukkarasu Sathish, Srinivasan Kannan, Sankara P Sarma, Oliver Razum, Odile Sauzet, Kavumpurathu Raman Thankappan
Nearly three-quarters of global deaths from non-communicable diseases (NCDs) occur in low- and middle-income countries such as India. However, there are few data available on longitudinal change in risk factors for NCDs in India. We conducted a cohort study among 495 individuals (aged 15 to 64 years at baseline) in rural Kerala state, India, from 2003 to 2010. For the present analysis, data from 410 adults (aged 20 to 64 years at baseline) who participated at both baseline and follow-up studies were analyzed...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433491/youth-engagement-for-ncd-prevention-policies-rising-ncd-in-india-and-youth-as-change-enablers
#6
EDITORIAL
Ishu Kataria, Jennifer L Cruz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 19, 2017: Global Heart
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399566/chronic-noncommunicable-diseases-in-6-low-and-middle-income-countries-findings-from-wave-1-of-the-world-health-organization-s-study-on-global-ageing-and-adult-health-sage
#7
Perianayagam Arokiasamy, Uttamacharya, Paul Kowal, Benjamin D Capistrant, Theresa E Gildner, Elizabeth Thiele, Richard B Biritwum, Alfred E Yawson, George Mensah, Tamara Maximova, Fan Wu, Yanfei Guo, Yang Zheng, Sebastiana Zimba Kalula, Aarón Salinas Rodríguez, Betty Manrique Espinoza, Melissa A Liebert, Geeta Eick, Kirstin N Sterner, Tyler M Barrett, Kwabena Duedu, Ernest Gonzales, Nawi Ng, Joel Negin, Yong Jiang, Julie Byles, Savathree Lorna Madurai, Nadia Minicuci, J Josh Snodgrass, Nirmala Naidoo, Somnath Chatterji
In this paper, we examine patterns of self-reported diagnosis of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) and prevalences of algorithm/measured test-based, undiagnosed, and untreated NCDs in China, Ghana, India, Mexico, Russia, and South Africa. Nationally representative samples of older adults aged ≥50 years were analyzed from wave 1 of the World Health Organization's Study on Global Ageing and Adult Health (2007-2010; n = 34,149). Analyses focused on 6 conditions: angina, arthritis, asthma, chronic lung disease, depression, and hypertension...
March 15, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395951/prevalence-and-determinants-of-comorbid-diabetes-and-hypertension-evidence-from-non-communicable-disease-risk-factor-steps-survey-india
#8
Jaya Prasad Tripathy, J S Thakur, Gursimer Jeet, Sanjay Jain
PROBLEM STATEMENT: Comorbidity of non-communicable diseases carries a significant risk of cardiovascular events and mortality. With the rising burden of diabetes, hypertension and other risk factors, and ageing population in India, this is likely to pose a major threat to the health system. It is therefore essential to understand this high risk group. This article reports prevalence of comorbid diabetes and hypertension and its associated risk factors in the North Indian state of Punjab...
March 31, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367791/dietary-patterns-and-non-communicable-disease-risk-in-indian-adults-secondary-analysis-of-indian-migration-study-data
#9
Edward Jm Joy, Rosemary Green, Sutapa Agrawal, Lukasz Aleksandrowicz, Liza Bowen, Sanjay Kinra, Jennie I Macdiarmid, Andy Haines, Alan D Dangour
OBJECTIVE: Undernutrition and non-communicable disease (NCD) are important public health issues in India, yet their relationship with dietary patterns is poorly understood. The current study identified distinct dietary patterns and their association with micronutrient undernutrition (Ca, Fe, Zn) and NCD risk factors (underweight, obesity, waist:hip ratio, hypertension, total:HDL cholesterol, diabetes). DESIGN: Data were from the cross-sectional Indian Migration Study, including semi-quantitative FFQ...
August 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127405/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-diabetes-in-a-large-community-based-study-in-north-india-results-from-a-steps-survey-in-punjab-india
#10
Jaya Prasad Tripathy, J S Thakur, Gursimer Jeet, Sohan Chawla, Sanjay Jain, Arnab Pal, Rajendra Prasad, Rajiv Saran
AIMS: India is the diabetes capital with home to 69.1 million people with DM, the second highest number of cases after China. Recent epidemiological evidence indicates a rising DM epidemic across all classes, both affluent and the poor in India. This article reports on the prevalence of diabetes and pre-diabetes in the North Indian state of Punjab as part of a large household NCD Risk Factor Survey. METHODS: A household NCD STEPS survey was done in the state of Punjab, India in a multistage stratified sample of 5127 individuals...
2017: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760678/involving-private-healthcare-practitioners-in-an-urban-ncd-sentinel-surveillance-system-lessons-learned-from-pune-india
#11
Mareike Kroll, Revati Phalkey, Sayani Dutta, Sharvari Shukla, Carsten Butsch, Erach Bharucha, Frauke Kraas
BACKGROUND: Despite the rising impact of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) on public health in India, lack of quality data and routine surveillance hampers the planning process for NCD prevention and control. Current surveillance programs focus largely on communicable diseases and do not adequately include the private healthcare sector as a major source of care in cities. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to conceptualize, implement, and evaluate a prototype for an urban NCD sentinel surveillance system among private healthcare practitioners providing primary care in Pune, India...
2016: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27753805/ssa-02-4-disparities-in-hypertension-management-of-ckd-in-south-asia
#12
Tazeen Jafar
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) defined as reduced estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) or presence of albuminuria, progresses to end stage renal disease (ESRD), needing dialysis or kidney transplant to sustain life, and is associated with increased risks of premature cardiovascular disease (CVD) and mortality. CKD ranked 18 leading (and most rapidly rising cause of mortality by the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010. The social and economic consequences of CKD are far worse in low and middle income countries (LMICs) including India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Sri Lanka...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27666902/a-cross-sectional-assessment-of-risk-factors-of-non-communicable-diseases-in-a-sub-himalayan-region-of-west-bengal-india-using-who-steps-approach
#13
Sharmistha Bhattacherjee, Saikat Datta, Jayanta Kumar Roy, Manasi Chakraborty
BACKGROUND: Non-communicable diseases (NCDs), principally cardiovascular diseases, cancer, chronic respiratory diseases, and diabetes are the leading causes of death and disability globally. The basic element of NCD prevention is the identification of the common risk factors and their prevention and control. OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of risk factors for non-communicable diseases, in Siliguri city of West Bengal, India using WHO Steps approach. METHODS: Between April 2012 to July 2012, 779 adults of 18-64 years from Siliguri city were chosen by 30-cluster sampling...
December 2015: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27642932/ssa-02-4-disparities-in-hypertension-management-of-ckd-in-south-asia
#14
Tazeen Jafar
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) defined as reduced estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) or presence of albuminuria, progresses to end stage renal disease (ESRD), needing dialysis or kidney transplant to sustain life, and is associated with increased risks of premature cardiovascular disease (CVD) and mortality. CKD ranked 18 leading (and most rapidly rising cause of mortality by the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010. The social and economic consequences of CKD are far worse in low and middle income countries (LMICs) including India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Sri Lanka...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27595388/burden-and-risk-factors-of-dyslipidemia-results-from-a-steps-survey-in-punjab-india
#15
Jaya Prasad Tripathy, J S Thakur, Gursimer Jeet, Sohan Chawla, Sanjay Jain, Arnab Pal, Rajendra Prasad
AIMS: Raised blood cholesterol is an important risk factor for heart disease and stroke. Globally, one third of ischaemic heart disease is attributable to high cholesterol. This article reports prevalence of dyslipidemia in the North Indian state of Punjab as part of a large household Non Communicable Disease (NCD) Risk Factor Survey. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A household NCD STEPS survey was done in the state of Punjab, India in a multistage stratified sample of 5127 individuals...
August 23, 2016: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27451823/non-communicable-disease-comorbidities-and-risk-factors-among-tuberculosis-patients-meghalaya-india
#16
Bibha Marak, Prabhdeep Kaur, Sudha R Rao, Sriram Selvaraju
We did cross-sectional study to estimate the prevalence of tobacco, alcohol use, hypertension and diabetes among tuberculosis (TB) patients in comparison to the non-TB patients in East Garo Hills District, Meghalaya, India. We surveyed 110 TB patients attending outpatient TB clinic and 110 age/sex matched non-TB subjects from the general outpatient department as comparison group. Prevalence of ever smoking was 74.5% and 55.4%; alcohol consumption 31.0% and 22.3%; hypertension 24.5% and 17.3%; diabetes 7.5%, 4...
April 2016: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27146890/dietary-patterns-in-india-a-systematic-review
#17
Rosemary Green, James Milner, Edward J M Joy, Sutapa Agrawal, Alan D Dangour
Dietary patterns analysis is an emerging area of research. Identifying distinct patterns within a large dietary survey can give a more accurate representation of what people are eating. Furthermore, it allows researchers to analyse relationships between non-communicable diseases (NCD) and complete diets rather than individual food items or nutrients. However, few such studies have been conducted in developing countries including India, where the population has a high burden of diabetes and CVD. We undertook a systematic review of published and grey literature exploring dietary patterns and relationships with diet-related NCD in India...
July 2016: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26697530/burden-of-self-reported-noncommunicable-diseases-in-26-villages-of-anand-district-of-gujarat-india
#18
Dinesh Kumar, Shyamsundar J Raithatha, Shanti Gupta, Ravi Raj, Nikhil Kharod
Introduction. Noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) account for 53% of deaths and 44% of disability adjusted life years lost in India. A survey was undertaken to measure the prevalence of tobacco and alcohol use and self-reported NCDs in a rural community in western part of India. Methodology. Trained Village Health Workers did the survey in the years 2012-13 under supervision. The data was collected for five NCDs, namely, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, cancer, heart disease, and mental illnesses. Results. 18,269 households with a population of 89755 were covered...
2015: International Journal of Chronic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26664837/diet-and-physical-activity-among-women-in-urban-and-rural-areas-in-south-india-a-community-based-comparative-survey
#19
Violet Jayamani, Vijayaprasad Gopichandran, Premila Lee, Greeda Alexander, Solomon Christopher, Jasmin Helan Prasad
INTRODUCTION: Noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) such as diabetes, hypertension, and heart diseases are increasing in India. There is a clear need to study risk factors for NCDs in various population groups in the country. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This community based cross-sectional survey was conducted to study the diet and physical activity of women in urban and rural areas in Vellore district. Dietary data was collected using 24-h dietary recall and physical activity was collected using the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ)...
October 2013: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26612044/provider-costs-for-prevention-and-treatment-of-cardiovascular-and-related-conditions-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Elizabeth D Brouwer, David Watkins, Zachary Olson, Jane Goett, Rachel Nugent, Carol Levin
BACKGROUND: The burden of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and CVD risk conditions is rapidly increasing in low- and middle-income countries, where health systems are generally ill-equipped to manage chronic disease. Policy makers need an understanding of the magnitude and drivers of the costs of cardiovascular disease related conditions to make decisions on how to allocate limited health resources. METHODS: We undertook a systematic review of the published literature on provider-incurred costs of treatment for cardiovascular diseases and risk conditions in low- and middle-income countries...
2015: BMC Public Health
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