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Dietary diversity score

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894316/dietary-patterns-in-obese-pregnant-women-influence-of-a-behavioral-intervention-of-diet-and-physical-activity-in-the-upbeat-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Angela C Flynn, Paul T Seed, Nashita Patel, Suzanne Barr, Ruth Bell, Annette L Briley, Keith M Godfrey, Scott M Nelson, Eugene Oteng-Ntim, Sian M Robinson, Thomas A Sanders, Naveed Sattar, Jane Wardle, Lucilla Poston, Louise M Goff
BACKGROUND: Understanding dietary patterns in obese pregnant women will inform future intervention strategies to improve pregnancy outcomes and the health of the child. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of a behavioral intervention of diet and physical activity advice on dietary patterns in obese pregnant woman participating in the UPBEAT study, and to explore associations of dietary patterns with pregnancy outcomes. METHODS: In the UPBEAT randomized controlled trial, pregnant obese women from eight UK multi-ethnic, inner-city populations were randomly assigned to receive a diet/physical activity intervention or standard antenatal care...
November 29, 2016: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884138/household-dietary-diversity-and-animal-source-food-consumption-in-ethiopia-evidence-from-the-2011-welfare-monitoring-survey
#2
Abdulhalik Workicho, Tefera Belachew, Garumma Tolu Feyissa, Beyene Wondafrash, Carl Lachat, Roosmarijn Verstraeten, Patrick Kolsteren
BACKGROUND: It is imperative to track dietary quality and progress in nutritional outcomes in a population to develop timely interventions. Dietary diversity is a commonly used proxy to assess dietary quality in low-income countries. This study identified predictors of household dietary diversity in Ethiopia and pattern of consumption of animal source food (ASF) among households. METHODS: Secondary data were analyzed from the 2011 Ethiopian Welfare Monitoring Survey (WMS)...
November 25, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861238/complementary-feeding-and-diarrhea-and-respiratory-infection-among-hiv-exposed-tanzanian-infants
#3
P Kamenju, E Liu, E Hertzmark, D Spiegelman, R R Kisenge, R Kupka, S Aboud, K P Manji, C Duggan, W W Fawzi
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between complementary feeding (CF) and risks of diarrhea and acute respiratory infection (ARI) among HIV-exposed infants aged 6-24 months. DESIGN: We prospectively employed an Infant and Child Feeding Index (ICFI) to measure CF practices (breastfeeding status, food consistency, dietary diversity, food group frequency and meal frequency). We determined the association of ICFI and each of its components with the risk of diarrhea and ARI...
November 14, 2016: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848939/dietary-diversity-and-adiposity-in-chinese-men-and-women-an-analysis-of-four-waves-of-cross-sectional-survey-data
#4
X Tian, M Wu, J Zang, Y Zhu, H Wang
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Increasing dietary diversity is concurrent with an increasing prevalence of adiposity in China, but the association between these variables remains ambiguous. This study reveals an association between dietary diversity and body mass (underweight, overweight and obesity) in Chinese adults. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Data from 17 825 participants (age, 18-65 years) were pooled from four survey waves (2004, 2006, 2009 and 2011) of the Chinese Health and Nutrition Survey...
November 16, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842927/do-adolescents-accurately-evaluate-their-diet-quality-the-helena-study
#5
Jérémy Vanhelst, Laurent Béghin, Alain Duhamel, Stefaan De Henauw, Jonatan R Ruiz, Anthony Kafatos, Odysseas Androutsos, Kurt Widhalm, Beatrice Mauro, Michael Sjöström, Mathilde Kersting, Frédéric Gottrand
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The aim of this study was to assess the diet quality awareness and associated factors in a large sample of European adolescents. METHODS: The study included 3389 healthy adolescents, aged 12.5-17.5 years, who participated in the Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence (HELENA) Study. The adolescents' diet quality was based on repeated 24 h recalls and scored into a Diet Quality Index for Adolescents (DQI-A) considering four components: meal, equilibrium, diversity and quality...
October 27, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799239/effectiveness-of-complementary-food-supplements-and-dietary-counselling-on-anaemia-and-stunting-in-children-aged-6-23-months-in-poor-areas-of-qinghai-province-china-a-controlled-interventional-study
#6
Yanfeng Zhang, Qiong Wu, Wei Wang, Michelle Helena van Velthoven, Suying Chang, Huijun Han, Min Xing, Li Chen, Robert W Scherpbier
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of dietary counselling and complementary food supplements on anaemia and stunting prevalence in children aged 6-23 months. DESIGN: A controlled intervention study with measurements of height and haemoglobin levels, and cross-sectional surveys in August 2012 (baseline), 2013 (mid-term) and 2014 (end-line). SETTING: One intervention county and one control county in rural Qinghai Province, China. INTERVENTION: Complementary food supplements (containing protein, fat, carbohydrate, vitamin A, B1, B2, B12, D3, folic acid, iron, zinc and calcium) and complementary feeding counselling were given in the intervention county...
October 31, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771303/dietary-habits-and-risk-of-kidney-function-decline-in-an-urban-population
#7
Yang Liu, Marie Fanelli Kuczmarski, Edgar R Miller, M Berenice Nava, Alan B Zonderman, Michele K Evans, Neil R Powe, Deidra C Crews
OBJECTIVE: Explore the association between following a Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH)-accordant diet and kidney end points among urban adults. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Healthy Aging in Neighborhoods of Diversity across the Life Span study. SUBJECTS: A total of 1,534 urban dwelling participants of the Healthy Aging in Neighborhoods of Diversity across the Life Span study with a baseline estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) ≥60 mL/minute/1...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761062/dietary-chitosan-supplementation-increases-microbial-diversity-and-attenuates-the-severity-of-citrobacter-rodentium-infection-in-mice
#8
Guiping Guan, Hongbing Wang, Shuai Chen, Gang Liu, Xia Xiong, Bie Tan, Veeramuthu Duraipandiyan, Naif Abdullah Al-Dhabi, Jun Fang
C57BL/6 mice were tested in order to investigate the effects of dietary chitosan (COS) supplements on intestinal microflora and resistance to Citrobacter rodentium infection. The findings reveal that, after consuming a 300 mg/kg COS diet for 14 days, microflora became more diverse as a result of the supplement. Mice receiving COS exhibited an increase in the percentage of Bacteroidetes phylum and a decrease in the percentage of Firmicutes phylum. After Citrobacter rodentium infection, the histopathology scores indicated that COS feeding resulted in less severe colitis...
2016: Mediators of Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27737676/study-protocol-the-fueling-learning-through-exercise-flex-study-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-the-impact-of-school-based-physical-activity-programs-on-children-s-physical-activity-cognitive-function-and-academic-achievement
#9
Catherine M Wright, Paula J Duquesnay, Stephanie Anzman-Frasca, Virginia R Chomitz, Kenneth Chui, Christina D Economos, Elizabeth G Langevin, Miriam E Nelson, Jennifer M Sacheck
BACKGROUND: Physical activity (PA) is critical to preventing childhood obesity and contributes to children's overall physical and cognitive health, yet fewer than half of all children achieve the recommended 60 min per day of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA). Schools are an ideal setting to meeting PA guidelines, but competing demands and limited resources have impacted PA opportunities. The Fueling Learning through Exercise (FLEX) Study is a randomized controlled trial that will evaluate the impact of two innovative school-based PA programs on children's MVPA, cognitive function, and academic outcomes...
October 13, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733525/plant-protein-intake-and-dietary-diversity-are-independently-associated-with-nutrient-adequacy-in-french-adults
#10
Clélia M Bianchi, Manon Egnell, Jean-François Huneau, François Mariotti
BACKGROUND: Plant protein intake, which is favorably associated with the intake of many nutrients, is a marker of a healthy diet. However, the higher nutrient adequacy of diets rich in plant protein may also originate from overarching factors associated with more healthful dietary behaviors, such as a greater dietary diversity. OBJECTIVE: Our main objective was to determine whether the relation between plant protein intake and nutrient adequacy could be explained, at least in part, by an association with overall dietary diversity...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27725005/maternal-diet-quality-before-pregnancy-and-risk-of-childhood-leukaemia
#11
Amanda W Singer, Suzan L Carmichael, Steve Selvin, Cecilia Fu, Gladys Block, Catherine Metayer
Previous studies on maternal nutrition and childhood leukaemia risk have focused on the role of specific nutrients such as folate and have not considered broader measures of diet quality, which may better capture intake of diverse nutrients known to impact fetal development. We examined the relationship between maternal diet quality before pregnancy, as summarised by a diet quality index, and risk of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) and acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) in a case-control study in California...
October 2016: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27720796/modeling-u-shaped-dose-response-curves-for-manganese-using-categorical-regression
#12
Brittany Milton, Daniel Krewski, Donald R Mattison, Nicholas Birkett, Patrick J Farrell, Doreen McGough
INTRODUCTION: Manganese is an essential nutrient which can cause adverse effects if ingested to excess or in insufficient amounts, leading to a U-shaped exposure-response relationship. Methods have recently been developed to describe such relationships by simultaneously modeling the exposure-response curves for excess and deficiency. These methods incorporate information from studies with diverse adverse health outcomes within the same analysis by assigning severity scores to achieve a common response metric for exposure-response modeling...
October 5, 2016: Neurotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27702425/nutrition-education-linked-to-agricultural-interventions-improved-child-dietary-diversity-in-rural-cambodia
#13
Anika Reinbott, Anna Schelling, Judith Kuchenbecker, Theresa Jeremias, Iean Russell, Ou Kevanna, Michael B Krawinkel, Irmgard Jordan
Poor infant and young child feeding (IYCF) practices are major determinants of chronic malnutrition. The main objective of this study was to assess the impact of a nutrition education (NE) programme aimed at promoting improved IYCF behaviours in combination with an agriculture intervention on children's dietary diversity and nutritional status. From 2012 to 2014, a cluster randomised trial was rolled out in Cambodia in the context of an agriculture and nutrition project of the FAO of the UN. The cross-sectional baseline study was carried out in sixteen pre-selected communes in 2012...
October 2016: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27696743/infant-feeding-practices-in-a-south-african-birth-cohort-a-longitudinal-study
#14
Shrish Budree, Elizabeth Goddard, Kirsty Brittain, Shihaam Cader, Landon Myer, Heather J Zar
Childhood malnutrition is highly prevalent in low- and middle-income countries. The choices of complementary foods, which are important in infant nutrition, are poorly described in this setting. We investigated infant feeding practices in a South African birth cohort, the Drakenstein Child Health Study. Longitudinal feeding data were collected from March 2012 to March 2015. Feeding practices at birth, 6-10 and 14 weeks and 6, 9, and 12 months, were investigated using food frequency questionnaires. Anthropometry was measured at birth and 12 months...
October 2, 2016: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27686370/nutritional-status-and-complementary-feeding-among-hiv-exposed-infants-a-prospective-cohort-study
#15
Pili Kamenju, Enju Liu, Ellen Hertzmark, Donna Spiegelman, Rodrick Kisenge, Roland Kupka, Said Aboud, Karim P Manji, Christopher Duggan, Wafaie W Fawzi
Complementary feeding is crucial for improving child survival and promoting growth and development, particularly among HIV-exposed children who have higher risk of morbidity and mortality than their un-exposed peers. This prospective study employed an infant and child feeding index (ICFI) to measure complementary feeding and determine its association with nutritional status among 2092 HIV-exposed infants followed from 6 to 24 months of age in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. The ICFI measured both quality and quantity of complementary feeding, including current breastfeeding status, food consistency, dietary diversity scores (DDS), food group frequency score, and meal frequency...
September 30, 2016: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27680994/effect-of-complementary-food-supplementation-on-breastfeeding-and-home-diet-in-rural-bangladeshi-children
#16
Rebecca K Campbell, Kristen M Hurley, Abu Ahmed Shamim, Saijuddin Shaikh, Zaynah T Chowdhury, Sucheta Mehra, Saskia de Pee, Tahmeed Ahmed, Keith P West, Parul Christian
BACKGROUND: Complementary food supplements (CFSs) can enhance growth where stunting is common, but substitution for the usual diet may reduce observed benefits. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to characterize dietary diversity from home foods in a CFS efficacy trial and determine whether supplementation reduced breastfeeding frequency or displaced home foods. DESIGN: In a cluster-randomized controlled trial in rural Bangladesh, children (n = 5499) received, for 1 y starting at age 6 mo, periodic child feeding counseling for mothers (control) or counseling plus 1 of 4 CFSs fed as a daily snack...
November 2016: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27678544/dietary-diversity-socioeconomic-status-and-maternal-body-mass-index-bmi-quantile-regression-analysis-of-nationally-representative-data-from-ghana-namibia-and-sao-tome-and-principe
#17
Dickson A Amugsi, Zacharie T Dimbuene, Pauline Bakibinga, Elizabeth W Kimani-Murage, Tilahun Nigatu Haregu, Blessing Mberu
OBJECTIVES: To (a) assess the association between dietary diversity (DD) score, socioeconomic status (SES) and maternal body mass index (BMI), and (b) the variation of the effects of DD and SES at different points of the conditional distribution of the BMI. METHODS: The study used Demographic and Health Surveys round 5 data sets from Ghana, Namibia and Sao Tome and Principe. The outcome variable for the analysis was maternal BMI. The DD score was computed using 24-hour dietary recall data...
2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27635375/development-of-a-food-safety-and-nutrition-education-program-for-adolescents-by-applying-social-cognitive-theory
#18
Jounghee Lee, Soyeon Jeong, Gyeongah Ko, Hyunshin Park, Youngsook Ko
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to develop an educational model regarding food safety and nutrition. In particular, we aimed to develop educational materials, such as middle- and high-school textbooks, a teacher's guidebook, and school posters, by applying social cognitive theory. METHODS: To develop a food safety and nutrition education program, we took into account diverse factors influencing an individual's behavior, such as personal, behavioral, and environmental factors, based on social cognitive theory...
August 2016: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27622186/a-consensus-proposal-for-nutritional-indicators-to-assess-the-sustainability-of-a-healthy-diet-the-mediterranean-diet-as-a-case-study
#19
Lorenzo M Donini, Sandro Dernini, Denis Lairon, Lluis Serra-Majem, Marie-Josèphe Amiot, Valeria Del Balzo, Anna-Maria Giusti, Barbara Burlingame, Rekia Belahsen, Giuseppe Maiani, Angela Polito, Aida Turrini, Federica Intorre, Antonia Trichopoulou, Elliot M Berry
BACKGROUND: There is increasing evidence of the multiple effects of diets on public health nutrition, society, and environment. Sustainability and food security are closely interrelated. The traditional Mediterranean Diet (MD) is recognized as a healthier dietary pattern with a lower environmental impact. As a case study, the MD may guide innovative inter-sectorial efforts to counteract the degradation of ecosystems, loss of biodiversity, and homogeneity of diets due to globalization through the improvement of sustainable healthy dietary patterns...
2016: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27611597/maternal-dietary-patterns-and-practices-and-birth-weight-in-northern-ghana
#20
Abdulai Abubakari, Albrecht Jahn
BACKGROUND: Adequate maternal nutrition is a key factor for achieving good pregnancy outcomes. Moreover, inadequate dietary intake during pregnancy is considered an important contributor to maternal malnutrition in developing countries. Although some studies have examined the effect of the entire diet on birth outcome, most studies have been very narrow because they considered the effect of single nutrient. The single nutrient approach is a major setback because usually several nutrient deficiencies are more likely to occur than single deficiencies especially in low-income settings...
2016: PloS One
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