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Dietary diversity score

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325831/sexual-dysfunction-among-young-men-overview-of-dietary-components-associated-with-erectile-dysfunction
#1
Ioannis Mykoniatis, Maria G Grammatikopoulou, Emmanouil Bouras, Efthalia Karampasi, Aikaterini Tsionga, Athanasios Kogias, Ioannis Vakalopoulos, Anna-Bettina Haidich, Michael Chourdakis
BACKGROUND: Sexual dysfunction is relatively common in young men, presenting in diverse manifestations, including erectile dysfunction (ED), for which dietary modifications, including increased intake of dietary antioxidants, have been suggested as promising and cost-efficient approaches. AIM: To assess the consumption of selected dietary antioxidants, in particular flavonoids, in relation to ED symptoms in young men. METHODS: Men 18 to 40 years old were invited to complete an anonymous web-based questionnaire for this case-control study...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295504/is-skin-coloration-measured-by-reflectance-spectroscopy-related-to-intake-of-nutrient-dense-foods-a-cross-sectional-evaluation-in-australian-young-adults
#2
Lee M Ashton, Kristine B Pezdirc, Melinda J Hutchesson, Megan E Rollo, Clare E Collins
The current study examines associations between the dietary intakes of nutrient-dense foods, measured using brief indices and skin coloration, measured using reflectance spectroscopy in young adults. This is a cross-sectional analysis of 148 young Australian males and females (55% female) aged 18 to 25 years. Dietary intake was assessed using a validated food frequency questionnaire, with responses used to calculate two dietary indices: (i) the Australian Recommended Food Score (ARFS); and (ii) the Fruit And Vegetable VAriety Score (FAVVA)...
December 23, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284698/food-security-and-nutrition-outcomes-of-farmer-field-schools-in-eastern-democratic-republic-of-the-congo
#3
Shannon Doocy, Sarah Cohen, Jillian Emerson, Joseph Menakuntuala, Jozimo Santos Rocha
BACKGROUND: Food and nutrition security in eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo are threatened by political instability and chronic poverty. The Jenga Jamaa II project, implemented between 2011 and 2016 in South Kivu Province, aimed to improve household food security and child nutritional status using various intervention strategies, including farmer field school (FFS) programs. OBJECTIVE: To characterize the changes in agricultural production techniques, household food security, and child nutritional status associated with participation in FFS programs...
December 28, 2017: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280253/association-between-dietary-pattern-scores-and-the-prevalence-of-colorectal-adenoma-considering-population-subgroups
#4
Alyson Haslam, Sara Wagner Robb, James R Hébert, Hanwen Huang, Mark H Ebell
AIM: The purpose of the current study is to examine the dietary patterns in a diverse cohort of individuals and to see if the identified dietary patterns predict the prevalence of adenoma in a cross-sectional study. METHODS: Factor analysis was used to derive both sex- and population subgroup-specific dietary patterns among participants in the screening arm of the Prostate, Lung, Colorectal, and Ovarian Cancer Screening Trial. Logistic regression was used to assess associations between identified factor scores and colorectal adenoma (CRA) in sex-specific subgroups...
December 26, 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277161/household-access-to-traditional-and-indigenous-foods-positively-associated-with-food-security-and-dietary-diversity-in-botswana
#5
Salome Nduku Kasimba, Boitumelo Stokie Motswagole, Namukolo Margaret Covic, Nicole Claasen
OBJECTIVE: To determine access to traditional and indigenous foods (TIF) and the association with household food security, dietary diversity and women's BMI in low socio-economic households. DESIGN: Sequential explanatory mixed-methods design, including a random household cross-sectional survey on household food insecurity access (HFIA), household dietary diversity (HDD) and women's BMI, followed by focus group discussions. SETTING: Two rural and two urban areas of Botswana...
December 26, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246501/multiethnic-study-of-breast-arterial-calcium-gradation-and-cardiovascular-disease-cohort-recruitment-and-baseline-characteristics
#6
Carlos Iribarren, Gabriela Sanchez, Gail Husson, Tory Levine-Hall, Charles Quesenberry, Danny L Sam, Joetta Maier, Rakesh S Chaudhary, Minal Patel, Bahman Sadeghi, Hanna Javan, Hyo-Min Cho, Huanjun Ding, Sabee Molloi
PURPOSE: MultIethNic Study of BrEast ARterial Calcium Gradation and CardioVAscular Disease (MINERVA) was designed to answer the question of whether a novel continuous breast arterial calcification (BAC) mass score improves cardiovascular risk stratification among asymptomatic postmenopausal women. This article describes recruitment and baseline characteristics. METHODS: MINERVA is a multiethnic longitudinal cohort study. The phenotype data include BAC mass by densitometry applied to digital mammograms, sociodemographic factors, self-reported medical history, medications, parental history, reproductive history, smoking, alcohol consumption, physical activity, anthropometry, ankle-brachial index, blood pressure, laboratory panel, breast volumes, cognitive function, bioelectrical impedance, habitual diet, dietary supplements, sleep, psychosocial factors, and sun exposure...
December 5, 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228009/prevalence-of-anemia-and-associated-factors-among-pregnant-women-in-southern-ethiopia-a-community-based-cross-sectional-study
#7
Meaza Lebso, Anchamo Anato, Eskindir Loha
BACKGROUND: Anemia is defined as a condition in which there is less than the normal hemoglobin (Hb) level in the body. During pregnancy; iron deficiency is associated with multiple adverse outcomes for both mother and infant. Most of the studies conducted in Ethiopia on anemia during pregnancy were conducted at institution level and associated factors are not well studied and documented. Independent factors like, food security status, dietary diversity and intestinal parasites infection were considered by only a few of them...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215971/a-mediterranean-style-dietary-intervention-supplemented-with-fish-oil-improves-diet-quality-and-mental-health-in-people-with-depression-a-randomized-controlled-trial-helfimed
#8
Natalie Parletta, Dorota Zarnowiecki, Jihyun Cho, Amy Wilson, Svetlana Bogomolova, Anthony Villani, Catherine Itsiopoulos, Theo Niyonsenga, Sarah Blunden, Barbara Meyer, Leonie Segal, Bernhard T Baune, Kerin O'Dea
OBJECTIVES: We investigated whether a Mediterranean-style diet (MedDiet) supplemented with fish oil can improve mental health in adults suffering depression. METHODS: Adults with self-reported depression were randomized to receive fortnightly food hampers and MedDiet cooking workshops for 3 months and fish oil supplements for 6 months, or attend social groups fortnightly for 3 months. Assessments at baseline, 3 and 6 months included mental health, quality of life (QoL) and dietary questionnaires, and blood samples for erythrocyte fatty acid analysis...
December 7, 2017: Nutritional Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209462/dietary-intakes-of-adolescents-from-food-insecure-households-analysis-of-data-from-the-6th-2013-2015-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#9
Mariam Nakitto, Kana Asano, Injoo Choi, Jihyun Yoon
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: This study aimed at evaluating the dietary intakes of Korean adolescents affected by food insecurity, in comparison with those who were food secure. SUBJECTS/METHODS: The study used one day 24-hour dietary recall data from the 6th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. The study subjects consisted of 1,453 adolescents of whom 695 were middle school-aged and 758 were high school-aged. Food security status was assessed using the 18-item questionnaire...
December 2017: Nutrition Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208001/factors-associated-with-infants-and-young-children-s-6-23%C3%A2-months-dietary-diversity-in-pakistan-evidence-from-the-demographic-and-health-survey-2012-13
#10
Sarosh Iqbal, Rubeena Zakar, Muhammad Zakria Zakar, Florian Fischer
BACKGROUND: Optimum nutrition and good feeding practices amongst infants and young children are the key determinants of growth for a healthy life. Dietary diversity is considered to be a reliable and easy-to-measure proxy variable to assess young children's feeding practices for dietary adequacy and nutritional intake. This research aims to examine the current practices of dietary diversity amongst infants and young children aged 6-23 months in Pakistan and the various associated factors at child, maternal, household and community levels...
December 6, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188865/dietary-diversity-and-cognitive-function-among-elderly-people-a-population-based-study
#11
Z Yin, Z Fei, C Qiu, M S Brasher, V B Kraus, W Zhao, X Shi, Y Zeng
OBJECTIVES: To explore associations of dietary diversity with cognitive function among Chinese elderly. DESIGN: This cross-sectional study was conducted in 2011-2012, data were analyzed using multiple linear regression and logistic regression models. SETTING: community-based setting in the 23 provinces in China. SUBJECTS: 8,571 elderly participants, including 2984 younger elderly aged 65-79 and 5587 oldest old aged 80+ participated in this study...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176995/depression-is-related-to-dietary-diversity-score-in-women-a-cross-sectional-study-from-a-developing-country
#12
REVIEW
Mina Poorrezaeian, Fereydoun Siassi, Alireza Milajerdi, Mostafa Qorbani, Javad Karimi, Reza Sohrabi-Kabi, Neda Pak, Gity Sotoudeh
Background: Substantial evidence provides support for the role of diet in the prevention and control of mental disorders. However, since there is no study regarding the relationship between dietary diversity and stress or depression, we aimed to determine the relationship between the dietary diversity score (DDS) and stress and depression in women. Methods: This descriptive-analytical cross-sectional study was performed on 360 women aged 20-49 years attending health centers in the south of Tehran...
2017: Annals of General Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158896/factors-associated-with-minimal-meal-frequency-and-dietary-diversity-practices-among-infants-and-young-children-in-the-predominantly-agrarian-society-of-bale-zone-southeast-ethiopia-a-community-based-cross-sectional-study
#13
Mekonnen Tegegne, Semere Sileshi, Tomas Benti, Mulusew Teshome, Haile Woldie
Background: Poor infant and young child feeding (IYCF) practices in the first 2 years of age are among major causes of childhood malnutrition, in developing countries including Ethiopia. It results in irreversible outcomes of stunting, poor cognitive development, and significantly increases risks of many chronic and infectious diseases. This study was intended to assess factors associated with minimum meal frequency and minimum dietary diversity practice among children aged 6-23 months in the predominantly agrarian society of Bale zone, Southeast Ethiopia...
2017: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151832/relationship-between-agricultural-biodiversity-and-dietary-diversity-of-children-aged-6-36-months-in-rural-areas-of-northern-ghana
#14
Mahama Saaka, Shaibu Mohammed Osman, Irmgard Hoeschle-Zeledon
In this study, we investigated the relationship between agricultural biodiversity and dietary diversity of children and whether factors such as economic access may affect this relationship. This paper is based on data collected in a baseline cross-sectional survey in November 2013.The study population comprising 1200 mother-child pairs was selected using a two-stage cluster sampling. Dietary diversity was defined as the number of food groups consumed 24 h prior to the assessment. The number of crop and livestock species produced on a farm was used as the measure of production diversity...
2017: Food & Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146459/factors-influencing-food-choice-of-athletes-at-international-competition-events
#15
Fiona E Pelly, Sarah J Burkhart, Peter Dunn
Although the nutrient requirements and dietary intake of athletes have been thoroughly investigated, little is known about the influences on their food choice, particularly prior to and during competition. This study sought to investigate factors that influence food selection of athletes at two similar international competition events: the Melbourne 2006 and Delhi 2010 Commonwealth Games. A secondary aim was to explore differences in these factors between at each event given the culturally diverse locations...
November 14, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145391/household-food-production-is-positively-associated-with-dietary-diversity-and-intake-of-nutrient-dense-foods-for-older-preschool-children-in-poorer-families-results-from-a-nationally-representative-survey-in-nepal
#16
Prajula Mulmi, William A Masters, Shibani Ghosh, Grace Namirembe, Ruchita Rajbhandary, Swetha Manohar, Binod Shrestha, Keith P West, Patrick Webb
BACKGROUND: Nutrition-sensitive interventions supporting enhanced household food production have potential to improve child dietary quality. However, heterogeneity in market access may cause systematic differences in program effectiveness depending on household wealth and child age. Identifying these effect modifiers can help development agencies specify and target their interventions. OBJECTIVE: This study investigates mediating effects of household wealth and child age on links between farm production and child diets, as measured by production and intake of nutrient-dense food groups...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139110/unconditional-cash-transfers-for-reducing-poverty-and-vulnerabilities-effect-on-use-of-health-services-and-health-outcomes-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#17
REVIEW
Frank Pega, Sze Yan Liu, Stefan Walter, Roman Pabayo, Ruhi Saith, Stefan K Lhachimi
BACKGROUND: Unconditional cash transfers (UCTs; provided without obligation) for reducing poverty and vulnerabilities (e.g. orphanhood, old age or HIV infection) are a type of social protection intervention that addresses a key social determinant of health (income) in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). The relative effectiveness of UCTs compared with conditional cash transfers (CCTs; provided so long as the recipient engages in prescribed behaviours such as using a health service or attending school) is unknown...
November 15, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138203/does-the-impact-of-a-plant-based-diet-during-pregnancy-on-birth-weight-differ-by-ethnicity-a-dietary-pattern-analysis-from-a-prospective-canadian-birth-cohort-alliance
#18
Michael A Zulyniak, Russell J de Souza, Mateen Shaikh, Dipika Desai, Diana L Lefebvre, Milan Gupta, Julie Wilson, Gita Wahi, Padmaja Subbarao, Allan B Becker, Piush Mandhane, Stuart E Turvey, Joseph Beyene, Stephanie Atkinson, Katherine M Morrison, Sarah McDonald, Koon K Teo, Malcolm R Sears, Sonia S Anand
OBJECTIVE: Birth weight is an indicator of newborn health and a strong predictor of health outcomes in later life. Significant variation in diet during pregnancy between ethnic groups in high-income countries provides an ideal opportunity to investigate the influence of maternal diet on birth weight. SETTING: Four multiethnic birth cohorts based in Canada (the NutriGen Alliance). PARTICIPANTS: 3997 full-term mother-infant pairs of diverse ethnic groups who had principal component analysis-derived diet pattern scores-plant-based, Western and health-conscious-and birth weight data...
November 14, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131365/gut-microbiota-and-body-composition-in-anorexia-nervosa-inpatients-in-comparison-to-athletes-overweight-obese-and-normal-weight-controls
#19
Sabrina Mörkl, Sonja Lackner, Wolfram Müller, Gregor Gorkiewicz, Karl Kashofer, Andreas Oberascher, Annamaria Painold, Anna Holl, Peter Holzer, Andreas Meinitzer, Harald Mangge, Sandra Holasek
OBJECTIVES: Anorexia nervosa (AN) is a heterogeneous eating disorder associated with alterations of body structure and the gut microbiome. We aimed to investigate the gut microbiota composition of a large female cohort including different BMI groups and activity levels along with body composition parameters. METHOD: 106 female participants were included in this cross-sectional study: AN patients (n = 18), athletes (n = 20), normal weight (n = 26), overweight (n = 22), and obese women (n = 20)...
December 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124045/dietary-diversity-score-and-its-related-factors-among-employees-of-kermanshah-university-of-medical-sciences
#20
Seyed Mostafa Nachvak, Hadi Abdollahzad, Roghayeh Mostafai, Shima Moradi, Yahya Pasdar, Mansour Rezaei, Soudabeh Esksndari
Dietary diversity score (DDS) is known as an indicator of food quality. Dietary diversity can promote health status. The aim of this study was determined DDS and its related factors in Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences (KUMS) employees. This cross-sectional study was conducted on 190 employees of KUMS in 2015. According to the population of KUMS centers which were selected randomly (Paramedical, Public Health faculties, Imam Reza Hospital and province health center), subjects were selected by convenience sampling method...
October 2017: Clinical Nutrition Research
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