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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728777/the-emerging-nutritional-problems-of-school-adolescents-overweight-obesity-and-associated-factors-in-jimma-town-ethiopia
#1
Nurezeman Gali, Dessalegn Tamiru, Meseret Tamrat
BACKGROUND: Globally, overweight is rapidly becoming one of the most important medical and public health problems. Adolescent obesity is a multisystem disease with potentially devastating consequences that persist into adulthood. However, there is a paucity of available information regarding the adolescent overweight and obesity in Ethiopia, particularly in the study area. METHODS: A school-based cross-sectional study was conducted from March to April/2015 among 546 adolescents...
July 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717809/racial-differences-in-misclassification-of-healthy-eating-based-on-food-frequency-questionnaire-and-24-hour-dietary-recalls
#2
B Olendzki, E Procter-Gray, M F Magee, G Youssef, K Kane, L Churchill, J Ockene, W Li
OBJECTIVES: To examine the agreement in nutrient intake and alternate healthy eating indices (AHEI) between a self-administered Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ) and 24-hour recall (24HR) measurements of diet by race, among urban older women. DESIGN: Cross-sectional observational study. SETTING: Urban neighborhoods in Washington, DC, USA. PARTICIPANTS: Community-dwelling White and Black women aged 65 and older. MEASUREMENTS: In 2014 and 2015, 49 White and 44 Black older women were queried on diet using both FFQ and 24-hour recalls...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717805/relationship-between-diet-related-indicators-and-overweight-and-obesity-in-older-adults-in-rural-japan
#3
M Ishikawa, S Moriya, T Yokoyama
OBJECTIVES: To identify the relationship between diet-related indicators and overweight and obesity in older adults in rural Japan. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. SETTING: Obira, Hokkaido, Japan. PARTICIPANTS: Local residents aged between 65 and 74 years, except for those with poor health, were included. INTERVENTION: A health- and diet-related questionnaire was applied to participants house-to-house by trained health professionals...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714283/association-between-maternal-social-capital-and-infant-complementary-feeding-practices-in-rural-ethiopia
#4
Yunhee Kang, Jane Kim, Eunkyo Seo
Few studies have explored the potential of social capital in improving child nutritional status; however, most components of pathways between social capital and nutritional status have remained unexplained. Complementary feeding practice is a strong mediator of child nutritional status. This study examined the association between complementary feeding practice and maternal social capital in rural Ethiopia, using cross-sectional data of infant aged 6-12 months and their mother pairs (n = 870). The Short Social Capital Assessment Tool was used to assess maternal structural (i...
July 17, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707605/self-reported-use-of-nutrition-labels-to-make-food-choices-is-associated-with-healthier-dietary-behaviours-in-adolescents
#5
Amier Haidar, Felicia R Carey, Nalini Ranjit, Natalie Archer, Deanna Hoelscher
OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to examine nutrition label use and dietary behaviours among ethnically diverse middle- and high-school students, in Texas, USA. DESIGN: The School Physical Activity and Nutrition (SPAN) survey is a cross-sectional statewide study using a self-administered questionnaire to assess nutrition and physical activity behaviours. Height and weight measurements were used to determine BMI. Multivariable logistic regression was used to determine associations between nutrition label use and dietary behaviours, with gender, grade, ethnicity, BMI, parent education, socio-economic status and nutrition knowledge as covariates...
July 14, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678838/the-oral-bacterial-microbiome-of-occlusal-surfaces-in-children-and-its-association-with-diet-and-caries
#6
Apoena Aguiar Ribeiro, Maria Andrea Azcarate-Peril, Maria Belen Cadenas, Natasha Butz, Bruce J Paster, Tsute Chen, Eric Bair, Roland R Arnold
Dental caries is the most prevalent disease in humans globally. Efforts to control it have been invigorated by an increasing knowledge of the oral microbiome composition. This study aimed to evaluate the bacterial diversity in occlusal biofilms and its relationship with clinical surface diagnosis and dietary habits. Anamneses were recorded from thirteen 12-year-old children. Biofilm samples collected from occlusal surfaces of 46 permanent second molars were analyzed by 16S rRNA amplicon sequencing combined with the BLASTN-based search algorithm for species identification...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673263/dietary-diversity-is-related-to-socioeconomic-status-among-adult-saharawi-refugees-living-in-algeria
#7
Marianne Sandsmark Morseth, Navnit Kaur Grewal, Ida Sophie Kaasa, Anne Hatloy, Ingrid Barikmo, Sigrun Henjum
BACKGROUND: There is limited knowledge about dietary quality among the adult population in low- and middle income countries (LMICs). This study aims to describe dietary quality among the adult Saharawi refugee population and to investigate whether dietary quality is associated with socioeconomic status. METHODS: In 2014, a cross-sectional survey was carried out in the Saharawi refugee camps, Algeria. A three-staged cluster sampling was performed and 180 women and 175 men, aged 18-82 years, were randomly selected...
July 3, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655359/on-the-appropriate-use-and-interpretation-of-dietary-diversity-scores-response-to-farm-production-diversity-and-individual-level-dietary-diversity-by-koppmair-and-qaim
#8
Eric O Verger, Andrew D Jones, Marie-Claude Dop, Yves Martin-Prével
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 28, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641475/care-and-not-wealth-is-a-predictor-of-wasting-and-stunting-of-the-coffee-kids-of-jimma-zone-southwest-ethiopia
#9
Kalkidan Hassen Abate, Tefera Belachew
BACKGROUND: The generation of cash from agricultural products is the mainstay of the livelihood of many households in developing countries. However, critics of cash cropping have highlighted its influence on dietary diversity and availability of food at the household level, eroding the potential for optimal child caring practices. METHODS: A community-based cross-sectional survey was carried out in three randomly selected coffee-producing districts of Jimma Zone in southwest Ethiopia...
January 1, 2017: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625832/diet-low-in-fodmaps-reduces-symptoms-in-patients-with-irritable-bowel-syndrome-and-probiotic-restores-bifidobacterium-species-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
H M Staudacher, M C E Lomer, F M Farquharson, P Louis, F Fava, E Franciosi, M Scholz, K M Tuohy, J O Lindsay, P M Irving, K Whelan
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Dietary restriction of fermentable carbohydrates (a low FODMAP diet) has been reported to reduce symptoms in some patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). We performed a randomized, placebo-controlled study to determine its effects on symptoms and the fecal microbiota in patients with IBS. METHODS: We performed a 2x2 factorial trial of 104 patients with IBS (18-65 years old), based on the Rome III criteria, at 2 hospitals in the United Kingdom...
June 15, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618837/fish-and-meat-are-often-withheld-from-the-diets-of-infants-6-to-12-months-in-fish-farming-households-in-rural-bangladesh
#11
Andrew L Thorne-Lyman, Natalie Valpiani, Rumana Akter, Md Abdul Baten, Sven Genschick, Manjurul Karim, Shakuntala H Thilsted
BACKGROUND: Fish is a widely available animal-source food in Bangladesh and a rich source of nutrients, yet little is known about practices related to incorporating fish into the diets of infants and young children. OBJECTIVE: Use dietary diversity data to explore consumption patterns of fish and high-quality food items within the household and examine factors associated with delayed introduction of fish to infants and young children. METHODS: Cross-sectional survey of 496 households with children <36 months participating in the Aquaculture for Income and Nutrition project in Bangladesh...
January 1, 2017: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616226/child-wasting-is-a-severe-public-health-problem-in-the-predominantly-rural-population-of-ethiopia-a-community-based-cross-sectional-study
#12
Amare Tariku, Gashaw Andargie Bikis, Haile Woldie, Molla Mesele Wassie, Abebaw Gebeyehu Worku
BACKGROUND: In Ethiopia, child wasting has remained a public health problem for a decade's, suggesting the need to further monitoring of the problem. Hence, this study aimed at assessing the prevalence of wasting and associated factors among children aged 6-59 months at Dabat District, northwest Ethiopia. METHODS: A Community based cross-sectional study was undertaken from May to June, 2015, in Dabat District, northwest Ethiopia. A total of 1184 children aged under five years and their mothers/caretakers were included in the study...
2017: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615374/a-cross-sectional-survey-in-rural-bihar-india-indicates-that-nutritional-status-diet-and-stimulation-are-associated-with-motor-and-mental-development-in-young-children
#13
Leila M Larson, Melissa F Young, Usha Ramakrishnan, Amy Webb Girard, Pankaj Verma, Indrajit Chaudhuri, Sridhar Srikantiah, Reynaldo Martorell
Background: Many malnourished children in resource-poor settings fail to fulfill their developmental potential.Objectives: The objectives of this analysis were to examine the nutritional, psychosocial, environmental, and household correlates of child development in Bihar, India, and identify mediators between dietary diversity and mental development.Methods: Using 2-stage cluster randomized sampling, we surveyed 4360 households with children 6-18 mo of age in the West Champaran district of Bihar. We measured motor and mental development with the use of the Developmental Milestones Checklist II...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612658/the-dimensions-of-food-insecurity-and-malnutrition-among-people-living-with-hiv-in-senegal-west-africa
#14
Noelle A Benzekri, Jacques F Sambou, Binetou Diaw, El Hadji Ibrahima Sall, Fatima Sall, Alassane Niang, Selly Ba, Ndèye Fatou Ngom Guèye, Mouhamadou Baïla Diallo, Stephen E Hawes, Moussa Seydi, Geoffrey S Gottlieb
An understanding of the factors contributing to food insecurity and malnutrition among people living with HIV (PLHIV) in Senegal is urgently needed in order to develop effective interventions. The goals of this study were to identify differences in the dimensions of food security among PLHIV in Dakar versus Ziguinchor, Senegal, to determine which of these dimensions are most predictive of severe food insecurity, and to identify factors associated with malnutrition. We conducted a cross-sectional study at outpatient clinics in Dakar and Ziguinchor, Senegal...
June 14, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588962/impact-of-a-community-based-package-of-interventions-on-child-development-in-zambia-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#15
Peter C Rockers, Günther Fink, Arianna Zanolini, Bowen Banda, Godfrey Biemba, Cierra Sullivan, Simon Mutembo, Vichaels Silavwe, Davidson H Hamer
BACKGROUND: Community-based programmes are a critical platform for improving child health and development. We tested the impact of a community-based early childhood intervention package in rural Zambia. METHODS: We conducted a non-blinded cluster randomised controlled trial in Southern Province, Zambia. 30 clusters of villages were matched based on population density and distance from the nearest health centre, and randomly assigned to intervention (15 clusters and 268 caregiver-child dyads) or control (15 clusters and 258 caregiver-child dyads)...
November 2016: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582828/rising-food-accessibility-contributed-to-the-increasing-dietary-diversity-in-rural-and-urban-china
#16
Hui Wang, Chao Liu, Hong Fan, Xu Tian
China has undergone a dramatic transition in food consumption in the past few decades. Diet composition has changed significantly because of an increase in food accessibility and lifestyle changes. To investigate dietary changes in China from the perspective of dietary diversity, we assessed the trend of dietary diversity in China by using the following 4 indicators: count index, dietary diversity score, entropy, and Simpson index. Data of 24,542 adults (age >=18 y) were obtained from the China Health and Nutrition Survey (CHNS) conducted in 2004, 2006, 2009, and 2011...
2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566529/unconditional-seasonal-cash-transfer-increases-intake-of-high-nutritional-value-foods-in-young-burkinabe-children-results-of-24-hour-dietary-recall-surveys-within-the-moderate-acute-malnutrition-out-mam-out-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Audrey Tonguet-Papucci, Freddy Houngbe, Lieven Huybregts, Myriam Ait-Aissa, Chiara Altare, Patrick Kolsteren, Jean-François Huneau
Background: Cash transfer programs have the potential to improve dietary intake by improving accessibility to food. However, quantitative data on the impact of cash transfer programs on children's energy and nutrient intakes are lacking.Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of seasonal unconditional cash transfers on children's energy, micro- and macronutrient, and food group intakes during the lean season in Burkina Faso.Methods: Within the framework of the MAM'Out (Moderate Acute Malnutrition Out) cluster-randomized controlled trial, two 24-h dietary recall surveys were conducted in July and August 2014...
July 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542391/effectiveness-of-facility-based-personalized-maternal-nutrition-counseling-in-improving-child-growth-and-morbidity-up-to-18-months-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial-in-rural-burkina-faso
#18
Laetitia Nikièma, Lieven Huybregts, Yves Martin-Prevel, Philippe Donnen, Hermann Lanou, Joep Grosemans, Priscilla Offoh, Michèle Dramaix-Wilmet, Blaise Sondo, Dominique Roberfroid, Patrick Kolsteren
The period from conception to 24 months of age is a crucial window for nutrition interventions. Personalized maternal counseling may improve childbirth outcomes, growth, and health. We assessed the effectiveness of facility-based personalized maternal nutrition counseling (from pregnancy to 18 months after birth) in improving child growth and health in rural Burkina Faso. We conducted a paired cluster randomized controlled trial in a rural district of Burkina Faso with 12 primary health centers (clusters). Healthcare providers in the intervention centers received patient-centered communication and nutrition counseling training...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499361/dietary-diversity-scores-an-indicator-of-micronutrient-inadequacy-instead-of-obesity-for-chinese-children
#19
Wenzhi Zhao, Kai Yu, Shengjie Tan, Yingdong Zheng, Ai Zhao, Peiyu Wang, Yumei Zhang
BACKGROUND: Micronutrient malnutrition affects the well-being of both adults and children. Dietary diversity score (DDS) is a useful evaluation index with a relatively well-developed guideline by FAO. It's meaningful to assess and predict inadequate micronutrient intakes using DDS in Chinese children, after ruling out the risk of obesity coming with more dietary diversity. METHODS: Data for evaluation were extracted from the Nutrition Study of Preschool Children and School Children, which is a cross-sectional study covering 8 cities of China, including 1694 children in kindergartens and primary schools...
May 12, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484597/individual-and-community-level-factors-with-a-significant-role-in-determining-child-height-for-age-z-score-in-east-gojjam-zone-amhara-regional-state-ethiopia-a-multilevel-analysis
#20
Zewdie Aderaw Alemu, Ahmed Ali Ahmed, Alemayehu Worku Yalew, Belay Simanie Birhanu, Benjamin F Zaitchik
BACKGROUND: In Ethiopia, child undernutrition remains to be a major public health challenge and a contributing factor for child mortality and morbidity. To reduce the problem, it is apparent to identify determinants of child undernutrition in specific contexts to deliver appropriately, targeted, effective and sustainable interventions. METHODS: An agroecosystem linked cross-sectional survey was conducted in 3108 children aged 6-59 months. Multistage cluster sampling technique was used to select study participants...
2017: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
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