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Dietary diversity score

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145391/household-food-production-is-positively-associated-with-dietary-diversity-and-intake-of-nutrient-dense-foods-for-older-preschool-children-in-poorer-families-results-from-a-nationally-representative-survey-in-nepal
#1
Prajula Mulmi, William A Masters, Shibani Ghosh, Grace Namirembe, Ruchita Rajbhandary, Swetha Manohar, Binod Shrestha, Keith P West, Patrick Webb
BACKGROUND: Nutrition-sensitive interventions supporting enhanced household food production have potential to improve child dietary quality. However, heterogeneity in market access may cause systematic differences in program effectiveness depending on household wealth and child age. Identifying these effect modifiers can help development agencies specify and target their interventions. OBJECTIVE: This study investigates mediating effects of household wealth and child age on links between farm production and child diets, as measured by production and intake of nutrient-dense food groups...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139110/unconditional-cash-transfers-for-reducing-poverty-and-vulnerabilities-effect-on-use-of-health-services-and-health-outcomes-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#2
REVIEW
Frank Pega, Sze Yan Liu, Stefan Walter, Roman Pabayo, Ruhi Saith, Stefan K Lhachimi
BACKGROUND: Unconditional cash transfers (UCTs; provided without obligation) for reducing poverty and vulnerabilities (e.g. orphanhood, old age or HIV infection) are a type of social protection intervention that addresses a key social determinant of health (income) in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). The relative effectiveness of UCTs compared with conditional cash transfers (CCTs; provided so long as the recipient engages in prescribed behaviours such as using a health service or attending school) is unknown...
November 15, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138203/does-the-impact-of-a-plant-based-diet-during-pregnancy-on-birth-weight-differ-by-ethnicity-a-dietary-pattern-analysis-from-a-prospective-canadian-birth-cohort-alliance
#3
Michael A Zulyniak, Russell J de Souza, Mateen Shaikh, Dipika Desai, Diana L Lefebvre, Milan Gupta, Julie Wilson, Gita Wahi, Padmaja Subbarao, Allan B Becker, Piush Mandhane, Stuart E Turvey, Joseph Beyene, Stephanie Atkinson, Katherine M Morrison, Sarah McDonald, Koon K Teo, Malcolm R Sears, Sonia S Anand
OBJECTIVE: Birth weight is an indicator of newborn health and a strong predictor of health outcomes in later life. Significant variation in diet during pregnancy between ethnic groups in high-income countries provides an ideal opportunity to investigate the influence of maternal diet on birth weight. SETTING: Four multiethnic birth cohorts based in Canada (the NutriGen Alliance). PARTICIPANTS: 3997 full-term mother-infant pairs of diverse ethnic groups who had principal component analysis-derived diet pattern scores-plant-based, Western and health-conscious-and birth weight data...
November 14, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131365/gut-microbiota-and-body-composition-in-anorexia-nervosa-inpatients-in-comparison-to-athletes-overweight-obese-and-normal-weight-controls
#4
Sabrina Mörkl, Sonja Lackner, Wolfram Müller, Gregor Gorkiewicz, Karl Kashofer, Andreas Oberascher, Annamaria Painold, Anna Holl, Peter Holzer, Andreas Meinitzer, Harald Mangge, Sandra Holasek
OBJECTIVES: Anorexia nervosa (AN) is a heterogeneous eating disorder associated with alterations of body structure and the gut microbiome. We aimed to investigate the gut microbiota composition of a large female cohort including different BMI groups and activity levels along with body composition parameters. METHOD: 106 female participants were included in this cross-sectional study: AN patients (n = 18), athletes (n = 20), normal weight (n = 26), overweight (n = 22), and obese women (n = 20)...
November 13, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124045/dietary-diversity-score-and-its-related-factors-among-employees-of-kermanshah-university-of-medical-sciences
#5
Seyed Mostafa Nachvak, Hadi Abdollahzad, Roghayeh Mostafai, Shima Moradi, Yahya Pasdar, Mansour Rezaei, Soudabeh Esksndari
Dietary diversity score (DDS) is known as an indicator of food quality. Dietary diversity can promote health status. The aim of this study was determined DDS and its related factors in Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences (KUMS) employees. This cross-sectional study was conducted on 190 employees of KUMS in 2015. According to the population of KUMS centers which were selected randomly (Paramedical, Public Health faculties, Imam Reza Hospital and province health center), subjects were selected by convenience sampling method...
October 2017: Clinical Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103400/improving-maternal-infant-and-young-child-nutrition-in-nepal-via-peer-mobilization
#6
Akriti Singh, Rolf Dw Klemm, Gary Mundy, Pooja Pandey Rana, Bhim Pun, Kenda Cunningham
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of a peer facilitator (PF) approach for improving mothers' knowledge and practices relating to maternal and child nutrition. DESIGN: A quasi-experimental design nested within a large-scale integrated nutrition programme, Suaahara, in Nepal. Suaahara interventions were implemented in all study sites, but peer facilitators were used in only half of the study sites. SETTING: Rural, disadvantaged villages in three districts of Nepal: Bhojpur, Bajhang and Rupandehi...
November 6, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084074/clinical-and-symptom-scores-are-significantly-correlated-with-fecal-microbiota-features-in-patients-with-symptomatic-uncomplicated-diverticular-disease-a-pilot-study
#7
Charlotte L Kvasnovsky, Lex E X Leong, Jocelyn M Choo, Guy C J Abell, Savvas Papagrigoriadis, Kenneth D Bruce, Geraint B Rogers
BACKGROUND: There is growing consensus that symptomatic uncomplicated diverticular disease is a chronic inflammatory condition, and that alterations in the fecal microbiota may contribute to its pathogenesis. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to relate the fecal microbiota composition in symptomatic uncomplicated diverticular disease to measures of inflammation, symptoms, and history of previous acute diverticulitis. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: Fecal microbiota composition in 28 individuals with symptomatic uncomplicated diverticular disease was characterized by 16S RNA gene amplicon sequencing...
October 27, 2017: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047376/women-s-education-level-amplifies-the-effects-of-a-livelihoods-based-intervention-on-household-wealth-child-diet-and-child-growth-in-rural-nepal
#8
Laurie C Miller, Neena Joshi, Mahendra Lohani, Beatrice Rogers, Shubh Mahato, Shibani Ghosh, Patrick Webb
BACKGROUND: Many organizations seek to alleviate poverty in the developing world, often focusing their interventions on women. The role, status, and education of women are fundamentally important facets of development. Thus, understanding the interaction of women's educational level and the response to interventions is important. Therefore, we examined the impact of educational level of household adults on responses to a livestock-based community intervention. METHODS: Six pair-matched communities in 3 districts of Nepal (Chitwan/Nawalparasi/Nuwakot), were randomly assigned to receive community development activities via women's self-help groups at baseline or 1 year later...
October 18, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040542/high-adherence-to-the-mediterranean-diet-is-associated-with-cardiovascular-protection-in-higher-but-not-in-lower-socioeconomic-groups-prospective-findings-from-the-moli-sani-study
#9
Marialaura Bonaccio, Augusto Di Castelnuovo, George Pounis, Simona Costanzo, Mariarosaria Persichillo, Chiara Cerletti, Maria Benedetta Donati, Giovanni de Gaetano, Licia Iacoviello
Background: It is uncertain whether the cardiovascular benefits associated with Mediterranean diet (MD) may differ across socioeconomic groups. Methods: Prospective analysis on 18991 men and women aged ≥35 years from the general population of the Moli-sani cohort (Italy). Adherence to MD was appraised by the Mediterranean diet score (MDS). Household income (euros/year) and educational level were used as indicators of socioeconomic status. Hazard ratios (HR) were calculated by multivariable Cox proportional hazard models...
October 1, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037267/tracking-of-infant-and-young-child-feeding-practices-among-9-to-24-month-old-children-in-nepal-the-mal-ed-birth-cohort-study
#10
Marianne S Morseth, Liv Elin Torheim, Mekdes K Gebremariam, Ram K Chandyo, Manjeswori Ulak, Sanjaya K Shrestha, Binob Shrestha, Sigrun Henjum
OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to assess infant and young child feeding (IYCF) practices and the tracking of dietary diversity score (DDS), intakes of Fe- and vitamin A-rich foods and meal frequency in a peri-urban area in Nepal. Furthermore, to explore whether sociodemographic factors were associated with tracking patterns of these IYCF practices. DESIGN: Longitudinal study. Monthly food intake was measured by 24 h recall. Four time slots were used (9-12, 13-16, 17-20 and 21-24 months)...
October 17, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037229/situation-and-determinants-of-the-infant-and-young-child-feeding-iycf-indicators-in-madagascar-analysis-of-the-2009-demographic-and-health-survey
#11
Hasina Rakotomanana, Gail E Gates, Deana Hildebrand, Barbara J Stoecker
BACKGROUND: Studies evaluating child feeding in Madagascar are scarce despite its importance in child growth during the first two years of life. This study assessed the associations between the WHO infant and young child feeding (IYCF) indicators and stunting and identified determinants of inappropriate child feeding practices. METHODS: The most recent Demographic and Health Survey was used including a total of 1956 infants aged 0-23 months. Logistic regressions were performed for the association between IYCF indicators and stunting and for the determination of risk factors for inappropriate feeding practices...
October 16, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032628/diet-quality-and-risk-of-stunting-among-infants-and-young-children-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#12
Julia Krasevec, Xiaoyi An, Richard Kumapley, France Bégin, Edward A Frongillo
Age-appropriate complementary feeding practices are far from optimal among low- and middle-income countries with available data. The evidence on the association between feeding practices and linear growth is mixed. We sought to systematically examine the association between two indictors of dietary quality-dietary diversity and animal source food (ASF) consumption (WHO, 2008)-and stunting (length-for-age z-score) employing existing data from 39 Demographic and Health Surveys. Data on 74,548 children aged 6-23 months were pooled and multiple logistic regression models, adjusting for child, maternal, and household characteristics, employed to assess the association between dietary quality and stunting...
October 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032621/household-food-insecurity-and-children-s-dietary-diversity-and-nutrition-in-india-evidence-from-the-comprehensive-nutrition-survey-in-maharashtra
#13
S Chandrasekhar, Víctor M Aguayo, Vandana Krishna, Rajlakshmi Nair
We analyse data from the 2012 Comprehensive Nutrition Survey in the State of Maharashtra, India, which surveyed 2,630 households. This is a unique dataset because in addition to nutritional status of mothers and children, it has information on diets of women and children and household food security. This rich dataset allows us to address three issues: whether household food security predicts higher diet diversity in children aged 6-23 months; whether household food security predicts lower risk of undernutrition; and whether the lower risk of undernutrition in children who live in food secure households is mediated by improved diet diversity for children...
October 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025434/minimum-dietary-diversity-and-associated-factors-among-children-aged-6-23%C3%A2-months-in-addis-ababa-ethiopia
#14
Dagmawit Solomon, Zewdie Aderaw, Teketo Kassaw Tegegne
BACKGROUND: Dietary diversity has long been recognized as a key element of high quality diets. Minimum Dietary Diversity (MDD) is the consumption of four or more food groups from the seven food groups. Globally, only few children are receiving nutritionally adequate and diversified foods. More than two-thirds of malnutrition related child deaths are associated with inappropriate feeding practice during the first two years of life. In Ethiopia, only 7 % of children age 6-23 months had received the minimum acceptable diet...
October 12, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967344/dietary-diversity-and-its-relationship-with-nutritional-status-among-adolescents-and-adults-in-rural-india
#15
D J Nithya, R V Bhavani
Dietary diversity is associated with household or individual food availability and intake of nutrients from different food groups and is an important component of nutritional outcome. This study examined the Nutrient Adequacy Ratio (NAR) and the Mean Adequacy Ratio (MAR) of three dietary diversity indices and their relationship with the nutritional status of adolescents and adults in rural regions of two states in India, Wardha district in Maharashtra and Koraput district in Odisha, in 2014. Individual dietary diversity was calculated using 24-hour diet recall (FS24hr) data and household dietary diversity was measured with food frequency data using Berry's index (DDI) and food scores (FSFFQ)...
October 2, 2017: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948398/food-variety-dietary-diversity-and-type-2-diabetes-in-a-multi-center-cross-sectional-study-among-ghanaian-migrants-in-europe-and-their-compatriots-in-ghana-the-rodam-study
#16
Ina Danquah, Cecilia Galbete, Karlijn Meeks, Mary Nicolaou, Kerstin Klipstein-Grobusch, Juliet Addo, Ama de-Graft Aikins, Stephen K Amoah, Peter Agyei-Baffour, Daniel Boateng, George Bedu-Addo, Joachim Spranger, Liam Smeeth, Ellis Owusu-Dabo, Charles Agyemang, Frank P Mockenhaupt, Erik Beune, Matthias B Schulze
PURPOSE: The importance of dietary diversification for type 2 diabetes (T2D) risk remains controversial. We investigated associations of between- and within-food group variety with T2D, and the role of dietary diversification for the relationships between previously identified dietary patterns (DPs) and T2D among Ghanaian adults. METHODS: In the multi-center cross-sectional Research on Obesity and Diabetes among African Migrants (RODAM) Study (n = 3810; Ghanaian residence, 56%; mean age, 46...
September 25, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911749/effect-of-participatory-women-s-groups-and-counselling-through-home-visits-on-children-s-linear-growth-in-rural-eastern-india-caring-trial-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#17
Nirmala Nair, Prasanta Tripathy, H S Sachdev, Hemanta Pradhan, Sanghita Bhattacharyya, Rajkumar Gope, Sumitra Gagrai, Shibanand Rath, Suchitra Rath, Rajesh Sinha, Swati Sarbani Roy, Suhas Shewale, Vijay Singh, Aradhana Srivastava, Anthony Costello, Andrew Copas, Jolene Skordis-Worrall, Hassan Haghparast-Bidgoli, Naomi Saville, Audrey Prost
BACKGROUND: Around 30% of the world's stunted children live in India. The Government of India has proposed a new cadre of community-based workers to improve nutrition in 200 districts. We aimed to find out the effect of such a worker carrying out home visits and participatory group meetings on children's linear growth. METHODS: We did a cluster-randomised controlled trial in two adjoining districts of Jharkhand and Odisha, India. 120 clusters (around 1000 people each) were randomly allocated to intervention or control using a lottery...
October 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899651/is-higher-formula-intake-and-limited-dietary-diversity-in-australian-children-at-14-months-of-age-associated-with-dietary-quality-at-24-months
#18
Rebecca Byrne, Mei En Joy Yeo, Kimberley Mallan, Anthea Magarey, Lynne Daniels
A varied and diverse diet in childhood supports optimum long-term preferences and growth. Previous analysis from 14-month-old Australian children in the NOURISH and South Australian Infants Dietary Intake (SAIDI) studies found higher formula intake was associated with lower dietary diversity. This analysis investigated whether formula intake and dietary diversity at 14 months of age is associated with dietary quality at 24 months. This is a secondary analysis of intake data from NOURISH and SAIDI cohorts. Scores for dietary diversity, fruit variety, vegetable variety and meat/alternative variety were combined using structural equation modelling to form the latent variable 'Dietary quality' (DQ) at age 24 months...
January 1, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893283/perceived-fussy-eating-in-australian-children-at-14%C3%A2-months-of-age-and-subsequent-use-of-maternal-feeding-practices-at-2%C3%A2-years
#19
Rebecca Byrne, Elena Jansen, Lynne Daniels
BACKGROUND: Concerns about fussy eating are common amongst parents of young children. However, studies of the long-term impact of fussy eating show mixed results with regard to adequacy of dietary intake and child growth. This may be in part because there is no accepted definition of fussy eating and studies measure the construct in different ways, commonly relying on parent perception. This longitudinal analysis explores maternal and child characteristics associated with maternal perception of her toddler as a fussy eater in early toddlerhood and subsequent use of feeding practices at 2 years...
September 11, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875870/a-priori-defined-diet-quality-indices-biomarkers-and-risk-for-type-2-diabetes-in-five-ethnic-groups-the-multiethnic-cohort
#20
Simone Jacobs, Carol J Boushey, Adrian A Franke, Yurii B Shvetsov, Kristine R Monroe, Christopher A Haiman, Laurence N Kolonel, Loic Le Marchand, Gertraud Maskarinec
Dietary indices have been related to risk for type 2 diabetes (T2D) predominantly in white populations. The present study evaluated this association in the ethnically diverse Multiethnic Cohort and examined four diet quality indices in relation to T2D risk, homoeostatic model assessment-estimated insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) and biomarkers of dyslipidaemia, inflammation and adipokines. The T2D analysis included 166 550 white, African American, Native Hawaiian, Japanese American and Latino participants (9200 incident T2D cases)...
August 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
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