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Dietary diversity score

Megan Huang, Christopher Sudfeld, Abbas Ismail, Said Vuai, Julius Ntwenya, Mary Mwanyika-Sando, Wafaie Fawzi
OBJECTIVE: To identify predictors of maternal dietary diversity in rural Dodoma, Tanzania and assess its association with child growth outcomes. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of 361 mothers with children under 24 months of age was conducted in 5 villages in rural Dodoma, Tanzania. Maternal diets were assessed using food frequency questionnaires, and dietary diversity was categorized using Minimum Dietary Diversity for Women (MDD-W) guidelines. Child anthropometric measures were taken to calculate height-for-age z-score (HAZ), weight-for-height z-score (WHZ), and weight-for-age z-score (WAZ)...
January 1, 2018: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
Grace P Abris, Na-Hui Kim, Sherlyn Mae P Provido, Sangmo Hong, Sung Hoon Yu, Chang Beom Lee, Jung Eun Lee
BACKGROUND: Migration has an influence on health behavior and food intake. Dietary variety is a key component to high-quality diets because a single food item does not contain a variety of nutrients and may not reflect nutritional adequacy. We aimed to compare the dietary diversity scores (DDS), food variety scores (FVS), and nutrient adequacy levels of married Filipino immigrant women in Korea to those of Korean women. METHODS: We matched the data of 474 participants aged 20-57 years from the Filipino Women's Diet and Health Study (FiLWHEL) by age category with those of married Korean women randomly selected from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES)...
March 15, 2018: BMC Public Health
Maggie A Stanislawski, Catherine A Lozupone, Brandie D Wagner, Merete Eggesbø, Marci K Sontag, Nichole Nusbacher, Mercedes Martinez, Dana Dabelea
BACKGROUND: Recent evidence supports that the gut microbiota may be involved in the pathophysiology of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), and may also offer avenues for treatment or prevention. METHODS: We investigated the associations among gut microbiota, diet and hepatic fat fraction (HFF) in 107 adolescents. Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) was used to assess HFF, and 16S rRNA gene sequencing was performed on collected fecal samples. Dietary intake was assessed using Food Frequency Questionnaires...
March 14, 2018: Pediatric Research
Mercedes Sotos-Prieto, Josiemer Mattei
The Mediterranean diet (MedDiet) has been recommended to the general population by many scientific organizations as a healthy dietary pattern, based on strong evidence of association with improved cardiometabolic health, including lower risk of cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and obesity. However, most studies have been conducted in Mediterranean or European countries or among white populations in the United States (US), while few exist for non-Mediterranean countries or racial/ethnic minority populations in the US...
March 14, 2018: Nutrients
Salma Oktaria, Norma Sofisa Hurif, Wardiansyah Naim, Hok Bing Thio, Tamar E C Nijsten, Jan Hendrik Richardus
BACKGROUND: Poverty has long been considered a risk factor for leprosy and is related to nutritional deficiencies. In this study, we aim to investigate the association between poverty-related diet and nutrition with leprosy. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: In rural leprosy-endemic areas in Indonesia, we conducted a household-based case-control study using two controls for each case patient (100 recently diagnosed leprosy patients and 200 controls), matched for age and gender...
March 13, 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Istiyaq Ahmad, Najam Khalique, Salman Khalil, Urfi, Mohd Maroof
Context: Child undernutrition is a public health problem in a developing country like India. Dietary diversity is an important immediate determinant of undernutrition. Aims: The aim of this study is to find the prevalence of stunting among infants and young children aged 6-23 months and its association with dietary diversity. Settings and Design: This study was community-based cross-sectional study. It was carried out in the registered families of the Urban Health Training Centre and Rural Health Training Centre, Department of Community Medicine, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, AMU, Aligarh...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
R Karimbeiki, M Pourmasoumi, A Feizi, B Abbasi, A Hadi, N Rafie, S M Safavi
OBJECTIVE: The present study was carried out to compare dietary diversity score (DDS) among overweight, obese, and normal-weight adults. STUDY DESIGN: This case-control study was conducted with a total of 200 cases (100 participants with obesity and 100 participants with overweight) and 300 controls (normal weight) matched by socio-economic status (SES), older than 18 years. METHODS: Dietary intakes were assessed using a self-administered Food Frequency Questionnaire...
March 5, 2018: Public Health
Rainier Masa, Gina Chowa, Victor Nyirenda
BACKGROUND: The intersection of nutrition and HIV underscores the importance of adequate food and a diverse diet. In communities with high prevalence of food insecurity and HIV, there is a substantial co-occurrence of low dietary diversity, undernutrition, and adverse health outcomes. AIM: The aim of this study was to identify correlates of individual dietary diversity (IDD) and its association with health outcomes for people living with HIV (PLHIV) in rural Zambia...
January 1, 2018: Nutrition and Health
E Verduci, F Moretti, G Bassanini, G Banderali, V Rovelli, M C Casiraghi, G Morace, F Borgo, E Borghi
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Phenylalanine (Phe) restricted diet, combined with Phe-free l-amino acid supplementation, is the mainstay of treatment for phenylketonuria (PKU). Being the diet a key factor modulating gut microbiota composition, the aim of the present paper was to compare dietary intakes, gut microbiota biodiversity and short chain fatty acids (SCFAs) production in children with PKU, on low-Phe diet, and in children with mild hyperphenylalaninemia (MHP), on unrestricted diet. METHODS AND RESULTS: We enrolled 21 PKU and 21 MHP children matched for gender, age and body mass index z-score...
January 31, 2018: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
K K Davison, C E Blake, A Kachurak, J C Lumeng, D L Coffman, A L Miller, S O Hughes, T G Power, A F Vaughn, R E Blaine, N Younginer, J O Fisher
Snacking makes significant contributions to children's dietary intake but is poorly understood from a parenting perspective. This research was designed to develop and evaluate the psychometrics of a theoretically grounded, empirically-informed measure of snack parenting. The Parenting around SNAcking Questionnaire (P-SNAQ) was developed using a conceptual model derived from current theory and mixed-methods research to include 20 hypothesized snack parenting practices along 4 parenting dimensions (autonomy support, structure, coercive control and permissiveness)...
February 20, 2018: Appetite
D K Daphnee, Sheila John, P Rajalakshmi, Anil Vaidya, Anand Khakhar, S Bhuvaneshwari, Anand Ramamurthy
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Nutritional therapy is an integral part of care in all phases of liver transplantation (LTx). However, there are several factors that make it a challenge to manage malnutrition in these patients including, but not limited to, loss of appetite, dietary restrictions and dietary habits. Dietary habits are guided by personal choice, social, cultural and regional background with diversity ranging from veganism to vegetarianism with the latter predominant in Indian population...
February 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
Peter O Fayemi, Voster Muchenje, Hasan Yetim, Abdulatef Ahhmed
Living with pain is one of the distressing effects of food insecurity and malnutrition among millions of internally displaced persons (IDPs) worldwide. Vulnerability to emotional pain, metabolic imbalance, chronic illnesses and non-communicable diseases by IDPs are associated with stressed livelihood and restricted access to balanced diets in their camps. Tackling the complexity of issues related to internal displacement is challenging as 45% are globally trapped in protracted conditions. In this review, a diet-based intervention is proposed considering the potential benefits of nutrient synergy and analgesic constituents in organ meat...
February 2018: Food Research International
Micah Matiang'i, Simon Karanja, Peter Wanzala, Kenneth Ngure, Albino Luciani
The study sought to determine clientlevel and facility-level factors that affect perinatal outcomes among women attending comparable public (government owned) and non-public health facilities (non-government owned) in Kisii County-Kenya in the context of free maternity care. A total of 365 pregnant mothers recruited in 4 health facilities during their ANC visit and followed up to 2 weeks post-delivery but only 287 attended all follow-up visits. Study subjects were recruited proportionate to number of deliveries each of the facilities had conducted in the preceding 6 months...
December 31, 2017: Journal of Public Health in Africa
May A Beydoun, Sharmin Hossain, Marie T Fanelli-Kuczmarski, Hind A Beydoun, Jose-Atilio Canas, Michele K Evans, Alan B Zonderman
Context: Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D], dietary and supplemental vitamin D may influence cognitive outcomes. Objectives: Sex/age-specific and race-specific associations of vitamin D status and intake were examined with longitudinal change in various cognitive domains in a large sample of ethnically and socio-economically diverse US urban adults. Design: Two prospective waves of data from Healthy Aging in Neighborhoods of Diversity across the Life Span (HANDLS) study were used...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Sarah E Dumas, Lea Kassa, Sera L Young, Alexander J Travis
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between livestock ownership and dietary diversity, animal-source food consumption, height-for-age z-score, and stunting among children living in wildlife "buffer zones" of Zambia's Luangwa Valley using a novel livestock typology approach. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study of 838 children aged 6-36 months. Households were categorized into typologies based on the types and numbers of animals owned, ranging from no livestock to large numbers of mixed livestock...
2018: PloS One
Marie Fanelli Kuczmarski, Barry A Bodt, Emily Stave Shupe, Alan B Zonderman, Michele K Evans
The study's objective was to determine whether variations in the 2013 American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association 10-year risk for atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) were associated with differences in food consumption and diet quality. Findings from the baseline wave of Healthy Aging in Neighborhoods of Diversity across the Life Span (HANDLS) study 2004-2009, revealed participants consumed a Western diet. Diet quality measures, specifically the Healthy Eating Index (HEI)-2010, Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet and the Mean Adequacy Ratio (MAR), based on two 24-h recalls collected during follow-up HANDLS studies from 2009-2013, were used...
January 31, 2018: Nutrients
Devanesan Jacinth Nithya, Ramanathapuram Vaidyanathan Bhavani
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Dietary diversity plays a critical role in infants as they need energy and nutrient dense foods for both physical and mental development. This study examines whether three dietary diversity indices validate against Nutrient Adequacy Ratio (NAR) and Mean Adequacy Ratio (MAR) and studies the relationship of dietary diversity with nutritional status of preschool children, in two districts of India: Wardha district in Maharashtra state and Koraput district in Odisha state...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Yohannes Adama Melaku, Tiffany K Gill, Anne W Taylor, Robert Adams, Zumin Shi, Amare Worku
BACKGROUND: Identifying dietary patterns that consider the overall eating habits, rather than focusing on individual foods or simple counts of consumed foods, better helps to understand the combined effects of dietary components. Therefore, this study aimed to use dietary patterns, as an alternative method to dietary diversity scores (DDSs), and investigate their associations with childhood stunting in Ethiopia. METHODS: Mothers and their children aged under 5 years (n = 3788) were recruited using a two-stage random cluster sampling technique in two regions of Ethiopia...
January 29, 2018: Nutrition Journal
Bess L Caswell, Sameera A Talegawkar, Ward Siamusantu, Keith P West, Amanda C Palmer
Background: Dietary diversity scores and dichotomous indicators derived from them are widely used to assess dietary quality, and specific scoring methods have been recommended for women and 6- to 23-mo-old children. However, there is no specific score recommended for older children and the effect of seasonal dietary changes on score performance is not well documented. Objective: We assessed performance of 2 recommended dietary diversity scores as indicators of dietary quality over 3 seasons...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Nutrition
Herbert Sagbo, Didier Koumavi Ekouevi, Dorland Tafitarilova Ranjandriarison, Serge Niangoran, Tchaa Abalo Bakai, Agbelenko Afanvi, Sewu Dieudonné, Yao Kassankogno, Philippe Vanhems, Nagham Khanafer
OBJECTIVE: Overweight and obesity in childhood are serious public health issues, both in developing and developed countries. The present study aimed to ascertain overweight and obesity prevalence rates among Togolese schoolchildren in Lomé, Togo, and their correlation with physical activity, socio-economic conditions and eating habits. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey conducted in December 2015. Overweight and obesity were defined using age- and sex-specific BMI cut-off points of the International Obesity Task Force...
January 24, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
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