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Dietary diversity score

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499361/dietary-diversity-scores-an-indicator-of-micronutrient-inadequacy-instead-of-obesity-for-chinese-children
#1
Wenzhi Zhao, Kai Yu, Shengjie Tan, Yingdong Zheng, Ai Zhao, Peiyu Wang, Yumei Zhang
BACKGROUND: Micronutrient malnutrition affects the well-being of both adults and children. Dietary diversity score (DDS) is a useful evaluation index with a relatively well-developed guideline by FAO. It's meaningful to assess and predict inadequate micronutrient intakes using DDS in Chinese children, after ruling out the risk of obesity coming with more dietary diversity. METHODS: Data for evaluation were extracted from the Nutrition Study of Preschool Children and School Children, which is a cross-sectional study covering 8 cities of China, including 1694 children in kindergartens and primary schools...
May 12, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484597/individual-and-community-level-factors-with-a-significant-role-in-determining-child-height-for-age-z-score-in-east-gojjam-zone-amhara-regional-state-ethiopia-a-multilevel-analysis
#2
Zewdie Aderaw Alemu, Ahmed Ali Ahmed, Alemayehu Worku Yalew, Belay Simanie Birhanu, Benjamin F Zaitchik
BACKGROUND: In Ethiopia, child undernutrition remains to be a major public health challenge and a contributing factor for child mortality and morbidity. To reduce the problem, it is apparent to identify determinants of child undernutrition in specific contexts to deliver appropriately, targeted, effective and sustainable interventions. METHODS: An agroecosystem linked cross-sectional survey was conducted in 3108 children aged 6-59 months. Multistage cluster sampling technique was used to select study participants...
2017: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478768/a-systematic-review-of-diet-quality-indices-in-relation-to-obesity
#3
Golaleh Asghari, Parvin Mirmiran, Emad Yuzbashian, Fereidoun Azizi
Tools, called 'diet/dietary quality indices', evaluate the level of adherence to a specified pattern or a set of recommendations in populations. Yet, there are no review studies providing unanimous comprehensive results of dietary indices on obesity. We reviewed observational studies, focusing on the association of diet quality indices with general obesity or abdominal obesity in adults. We systematically conducted a search in all English language publications available on MEDLINE, ISI Web of Science and Embase between January 1990 and January 2016...
May 8, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448081/association-between-satisfaction-with-state-of-health-and-meals-physical-condition-and-food-diversity-health-behavior-and-perceptions-of-shopping-difficulty-among-older-people-living-alone-in-japan
#4
M Ishikawa, T Yokoyama, Y Takemi, Y Fukuda, T Nakaya, K Kusama, N Yoshiike, M Nozue, K Yoshiba, N Murayama
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine perceptions of shopping difficulty, and the relationships with satisfaction with state of health and meals, physical condition, food diversity and health behavior in older people living alone in Japan. DESIGN: A cross-sectional, multilevel survey was designed. The questionnaire was distributed by mail and self-completed by participants. SETTING: The sample was drawn from seven towns and cities across Japan...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443373/association-between-women-s-empowerment-and-maternal-and-child-nutrition-in-kalal%C3%A3-district-of-northern-benin
#5
Halimatou Alaofè, Min Zhu, Jennifer Burney, Rosamond Naylor, Taren Douglas
BACKGROUND: Evidence on effectiveness of women's empowerment (WE) to reduce undernutrition is limited in sub-Sahara Africa, and few studies incorporate multidimensional measures of WE. OBJECTIVE: To examine whether a WE status, in sum and across leadership, decision-making, mobility, economic security, male involvement in housework, and nonfamily group domains, is associated with women and their children nutritional status in Kalalé district of northern Benin. METHODS: Data were obtained from the 2014 Solar Market Garden baseline study: 767 paired reproductive-age women aged 15 to 49 years and children 6 to 59 months old...
January 1, 2017: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429645/homestead-food-production-and-maternal-and-child-dietary-diversity-in-nepal-variations-in-association-by-season-and-agroecological-zone
#6
Bishnu Dulal, Gary Mundy, Rojee Sawal, Pooja Pandey Rana, Kenda Cunningham
BACKGROUND: Suaahara, a large-scale integrated program, aimed to improve diets and nutritional status among women and children, in part by facilitating enhanced homestead food production (EHFP). OBJECTIVE: This study examines associations between EHFP and maternal and child dietary diversity and variations by season and agroecological zone (AEZ): mountains and terai. METHODS: We used data from household monitoring surveys (n = 2101 mothers; n = 994 children, 6-23 months), which included a 7-day dietary recall and maternal report on participation in 5 EHFP activities-received vegetable seeds, chicks, and technical support and participated in training and EHFP groups...
January 1, 2017: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426828/consumption-of-fortified-infant-foods-reduces-dietary-diversity-but-has-a-positive-effect-on-subsequent-growth-in-infants-from-sumedang-district-indonesia
#7
Aly Diana, Simonette R Mallard, Jillian J Haszard, Dwi Monik Purnamasari, Ikrimah Nurulazmi, Pratami D Herliani, Gaga I Nugraha, Rosalind S Gibson, Lisa Houghton
Stunting and underweight among under-five children in Indonesia are common, raising public health concerns. Whether inappropriate complementary feeding (CF) practices compromise optimal growth during late infancy in Indonesia is uncertain. Therefore we characterized and evaluated CF practices in Indonesian infants and investigated their relationship with subsequent growth. We enrolled breastfed infants at 6 months of age (n = 230); and followed them at 9 (n = 202) and 12 months of age (n = 190). We collected socio-demographic and anthropometric data and two-day in-home weighed food records...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426678/nutrition-education-improves-dietary-diversity-of-children-6-23-months-at-community-level-results-from-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial-in-malawi
#8
Judith Kuchenbecker, Anika Reinbott, Beatrice Mtimuni, Michael B Krawinkel, Irmgard Jordan
BACKGROUND: Low dietary quality and quantity and inappropriate feeding practices can cause undernutrition. Poor nutritional status in early childhood is associated with growth faltering. The objective of the study was to assess the potential of community-based nutrition education to improve height-for-age z-scores in children 6-23 months of age. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We carried out a cluster-randomized-controlled trial to assess the effectiveness of nutrition education...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421615/the-effects-of-oat-%C3%AE-glucan-incorporation-on-the-quality-structure-consumer-acceptance-and-glycaemic-response-of-steamed-bread
#9
Lei Wang, Fayin Ye, Liyuan Feng, Fubin Wei, Guohua Zhao
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of the incorporation of oat β-glucan (OβG) on the sensory and nutritional quality of steamed bread. Wheat flour was substituted with OβG at levels varying from 0 g/100 g to 5 g/100 g. The results showed that the products containing 1 g/100 g and 3 g/100 g OβG produced a comparable overall consumer acceptance while a significantly lower score was given to the product with 5 g/100 g. Nutritionally, the presence of OβG impeded in vitro starch hydrolysis by amylolytic enzymes...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Texture Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393754/not-all-dietary-diversity-scores-can-legitimately-be-interpreted-as-proxies-of-diet-quality-corrigendum
#10
Eric Verger, Marie-Claude Dop, Yves Martin-Prevel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 10, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389119/nutritional-status-among-adolescent-girls-in-children-s-homes-anthropometry-and-dietary-patterns
#11
Tone Berg, Christine Magala-Nyago, Per Ole Iversen
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Malnutrition is widespread among disadvantaged people in low-income countries like Uganda. Children and adolescents living in children's homes are considered an especially vulnerable group, and malnutrition among girls is of particular concern since it has intergenerational consequences. Virtually no information exists about the nutritional status of adolescent girls living in children's homes in Uganda. We therefore conducted a cross-sectional study to assess the nutritional status by evaluating anthropometric indicators, body composition and dietary patterns...
March 25, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381529/lean-season-food-transfers-affect-children-s-diets-and-household-food-security-evidence-from-a-quasi-experiment-in-malawi
#12
Aulo Gelli, Noora-Lisa Aberman, Amy Margolies, Marco Santacroce, Bob Baulch, Ephraim Chirwa
Background: There is evidence that social transfers increase food consumption, improving the quantity and quality of food consumed by poor households. Questions remain on how to improve the effectiveness of social programs.Objective: The aim was to assess the impact of a lean-season food transfer on household food security, diet, and nutrition status of young children during the lean season in Malawi and to understand processes through which transfers operated.Methods: This was a longitudinal, quasi-experimental study based on 2 survey rounds in the Zomba district in Malawi...
April 5, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376725/improving-feeding-and-growth-of-hiv-positive-children-through-nutrition-training-of-frontline-health-workers-in-tanga-tanzania
#13
Bruno F Sunguya, Linda B Mlunde, David P Urassa, Krishna C Poudel, Omary S Ubuguyu, Namala P Mkopi, Germana H Leyna, Anna T Kessy, Keiko Nanishi, Akira Shibanuma, Junko Yasuoka, Masamine Jimba
BACKGROUND: Nutrition training can boost competence of health workers to improve children's feeding practices. In this way, child undernutrition can be ameliorated in general populations. However, evidence is lacking on efficacy of such interventions among Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)-positive children. We aimed to examine the efficacy of a nutrition training intervention to improve midlevel providers' (MLPs) nutrition knowledge and feeding practices and the nutrition statuses of HIV-positive children in Tanga, Tanzania...
April 4, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357976/household-dietary-diversity-vitamin-a-consumption-and-food-security-in-rural-tigray-ethiopia
#14
Rebecca J Schwei, Haile Tesfay, Frezer Asfaw, Wellington Jogo, Heidi Busse
OBJECTIVE: To describe: household dietary diversity across four zones in Ethiopia; the relationship between household dietary diversity and consumption of vitamin A-rich foods; and the relationship between household dietary diversity and food security status. DESIGN: This was a cross-sectional survey. Data were collected using structured questionnaires in the local language. Household dietary diversity scores measured types of foods households consumed, and households were classified by food security status using a modified version of the Household Food Insecurity Access Scale...
March 30, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345493/genetic-risk-scores-sex-and-dietary-factors-interact-to-alter-serum-uric-acid-trajectory-among-african-american-urban-adults
#15
May A Beydoun, Jose-Atilio Canas, Marie T Fanelli-Kuczmarski, Salman M Tajuddin, Michele K Evans, Alan B Zonderman
Serum uric acid (SUA), a causative agent for gout among others, is affected by both genetic and dietary factors, perhaps differentially by sex. We evaluated cross-sectional (SUAbase) and longitudinal (SUArate) associations of SUA with a genetic risk score (GRS), diet and sex. We then tested the interactive effect of GRS, diet and sex on SUA. Longitudinal data on 766 African-American urban adults participating in the Healthy Aging in Neighborhood of Diversity across the Lifespan study were used. In all, three GRS for SUA were created from known SUA-associated SNP (GRSbase (n 12 SNP), GRSrate (n 3 SNP) and GRStotal (n 15 SNP))...
March 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339339/use-of-dietary-supplements-improved-diet-quality-but-not-cardiovascular-and-nutritional-biomarkers-in-socioeconomically-diverse-african-american-and-white-adults
#16
Marie Fanelli Kuczmarski, May A Beydoun, Emily Stave Shupe, Ryan T Pohlig, Alan B Zonderman, Michele K Evans
Knowledge of the contribution of supplements to overall nutritional health is limited. The research objectives were to describe motivations for use of dietary supplements by African Americans and Whites examined in the Healthy Aging in Neighborhoods of Diversity across the Life Span (HANDLS) study and to determine if supplements provided beneficial effects to micronutrient diet quality and nutritional and cardiovascular biomarkers. The majority of the HANDLS study population were smokers, overweight or obese, and self-reported their health as poor to good...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Nutrition in Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265359/the-relationship-between-agricultural-biodiversity-dietary-diversity-household-food-security-and-stunting-of-children-in-rural-kenya
#17
Florence K M'Kaibi, Nelia P Steyn, Sophie A Ochola, Lissane Du Plessis
The study was to determine the role of Dietary diversity (DD), household food security (HFS), and agricultural biodiversity (AB) on stunted growth in children. Two cross-sectional studies were undertaken 6 months apart. Interviews were done with mothers/caregivers and anthropometric measurements of children 24-59 months old. HFS was assessed by household food insecurity access scale (HFIAS). A repeated 24-h recall was used to calculate a dietary diversity score (DDS). Agricultural biodiversity (AB) was calculated by counting the number of edible plants and animals...
March 2017: Food Science & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262080/farm-production-diversity-and-individual-level-dietary-diversity-response-to-not-all-dietary-diversity-scores-can-legitimately-be-interpreted-as-proxies-of-diet-quality-by-verger-et-al
#18
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244712/household-dietary-diversity-and-child-stunting-in-east-java-indonesia
#19
Trias Mahmudiono, Sri Sumarmi, Richard R Rosenkranz
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: More than one-quarter of under-five children in the developing world are stunted, and those with poor nutrient intake are at risk of irreversible cognitive impairment. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between dietary diversity and child stunting in an Indonesian context. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Dietary diversity was assessed using a maternal-reported checklist of 12 food groups, summed as a Household Dietary Diversity Score...
March 2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231308/diet-diversity-and-nutritional-status-among-adults-in-southwest-china
#20
Qiang Zhang, Xinguang Chen, Zhitao Liu, Deepthi S Varma, Rong Wan, Shiwen Zhao
BACKGROUND: With rapid urbanization in the past decades, diet diversity continues to increase in China. The present cross-sectional study aims to explore the association between dietary diversity and nutritional status among adults in southwest China. METHODS: This study used data from 2011-2012 National Nutritional Survey in Yunnan Province, southwest China (N = 1105).Data of three consecutive 24-hour dietary recalls were used to calculate dietary diversity scores (DDS) and nutrient adequacy ratio (NAR)...
2017: PloS One
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