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Dietary diversity score

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911749/effect-of-participatory-women-s-groups-and-counselling-through-home-visits-on-children-s-linear-growth-in-rural-eastern-india-caring-trial-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#1
Nirmala Nair, Prasanta Tripathy, H S Sachdev, Hemanta Pradhan, Sanghita Bhattacharyya, Rajkumar Gope, Sumitra Gagrai, Shibanand Rath, Suchitra Rath, Rajesh Sinha, Swati Sarbani Roy, Suhas Shewale, Vijay Singh, Aradhana Srivastava, Anthony Costello, Andrew Copas, Jolene Skordis-Worrall, Hassan Haghparast-Bidgoli, Naomi Saville, Audrey Prost
BACKGROUND: Around 30% of the world's stunted children live in India. The Government of India has proposed a new cadre of community-based workers to improve nutrition in 200 districts. We aimed to find out the effect of such a worker carrying out home visits and participatory group meetings on children's linear growth. METHODS: We did a cluster-randomised controlled trial in two adjoining districts of Jharkhand and Odisha, India. 120 clusters (around 1000 people each) were randomly allocated to intervention or control using a lottery...
October 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899651/is-higher-formula-intake-and-limited-dietary-diversity-in-australian-children-at-14-months-of-age-associated-with-dietary-quality-at-24-months
#2
Rebecca Byrne, Mei En Joy Yeo, Kimberley Mallan, Anthea Magarey, Lynne Daniels
A varied and diverse diet in childhood supports optimum long-term preferences and growth. Previous analysis from 14-month-old Australian children in the NOURISH and South Australian Infants Dietary Intake (SAIDI) studies found higher formula intake was associated with lower dietary diversity. This analysis investigated whether formula intake and dietary diversity at 14 months of age is associated with dietary quality at 24 months. This is a secondary analysis of intake data from NOURISH and SAIDI cohorts. Scores for dietary diversity, fruit variety, vegetable variety and meat/alternative variety were combined using structural equation modelling to form the latent variable 'Dietary quality' (DQ) at age 24 months...
September 9, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893283/perceived-fussy-eating-in-australian-children-at-14%C3%A2-months-of-age-and-subsequent-use-of-maternal-feeding-practices-at-2%C3%A2-years
#3
Rebecca Byrne, Elena Jansen, Lynne Daniels
BACKGROUND: Concerns about fussy eating are common amongst parents of young children. However, studies of the long-term impact of fussy eating show mixed results with regard to adequacy of dietary intake and child growth. This may be in part because there is no accepted definition of fussy eating and studies measure the construct in different ways, commonly relying on parent perception. This longitudinal analysis explores maternal and child characteristics associated with maternal perception of her toddler as a fussy eater in early toddlerhood and subsequent use of feeding practices at 2 years...
September 11, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875870/a-priori-defined-diet-quality-indices-biomarkers-and-risk-for-type-2-diabetes-in-five-ethnic-groups-the-multiethnic-cohort
#4
Simone Jacobs, Carol J Boushey, Adrian A Franke, Yurii B Shvetsov, Kristine R Monroe, Christopher A Haiman, Laurence N Kolonel, Loic Le Marchand, Gertraud Maskarinec
Dietary indices have been related to risk for type 2 diabetes (T2D) predominantly in white populations. The present study evaluated this association in the ethnically diverse Multiethnic Cohort and examined four diet quality indices in relation to T2D risk, homoeostatic model assessment-estimated insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) and biomarkers of dyslipidaemia, inflammation and adipokines. The T2D analysis included 166 550 white, African American, Native Hawaiian, Japanese American and Latino participants (9200 incident T2D cases)...
August 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870252/change-in-serum-level-of-vitamin-d-and-associated-factors-at-early-phase-of-bone-healing-among-fractured-adult-patients-at-university-of-gondar-teaching-hospital-northwest-ethiopia-a-prospective-follow-up-study
#5
Yalelet Fentaw, Haile Woldie, Solomon Mekonnen, Adino Tesfahun Tsegaye
INTRODUCTION: Currently, Vitamin D deficiency is a major public health problem and it affects more than one billion people worldwide. Vitamin D is crucial for bone mineralization and ossification. Patients with fractures need Vitamin D for the healing of their fractured bone. The current study was carried out to determine if there is change in the serum level of Vitamin-D associated with factors at early phase of fractured bone healing (ossification) process among adult fractured patients at University of Gondar teaching hospital, Northwest Ethiopia...
September 5, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862694/an-assessment-of-the-food-and-nutrition-security-status-of-weaned-7-12-months-old-children-in-rural-and-peri-urban-communities-of-gauteng-and-limpopo-provinces-south-africa
#6
Sithandiwe Ntila, Muthulisi Siwela, Unathi Kolanisi, Hafiz Abdelgadir, Ashwell Ndhlala
This study assessed the food and nutrition security status of children receiving complementary food in rural and peri-urban communities. A group of 106 mothers from Lebowakgomo village and Hammanskraal Township, respectively, participated in the survey. Additionally, six focus group discussions were conducted per study area to assess the mothers' perceptions about children's food access. The Children's Food Insecurity Access Scale (CFIAS) was used to assess the food security status (access) of the children...
September 1, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835364/home-and-community-based-growth-monitoring-to-reduce-early-life-growth-faltering-an-open-label-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Günther Fink, Rachel Levenson, Sarah Tembo, Peter C Rockers
Background: Despite the continued high prevalence of faltering growth, height monitoring remains limited in many low- and middle-income countries.Objective: The objective of this study was to test whether providing parents with information on their child's height can improve children's height and developmental outcomes.Design: Villages in Chipata District, Zambia (n = 127), were randomly assigned with equal probability to 1 of 3 groups: home-based growth monitoring (HBGM), community-based growth monitoring including nutritional supplementation for children with stunted growth (CBGM+NS), and control...
August 23, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827238/making-a-balanced-plate-for-pregnant-women-to-improve-birthweight-of-infants-a-study-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-in-rural-bangladesh
#8
Morseda Chowdhury, Camille Raynes-Greenow, Ashraful Alam, Michael J Dibley
OBJECTIVES: Low birthweight significantly contributes to neonatal mortality, morbidities and psychosocial debilities throughout the course of life. A large proportion of infants (36-55%) in Bangladesh is born with low birthweight. Nutritional status of women during pregnancy is critical for optimal growth and development of the fetus. Nutrition education has been found to improve maternal nutritional status. Our study aims to determine whether nutrition education with a practical demonstration during pregnancy is an effective intervention for improving the birthweight of infants compared with standard nutrition education only...
August 21, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817093/quality-of-vegetables-based-on-total-phenolic-concentration-is-lower-in-more-rural-consumer-food-environments-in-a-rural-american-state
#9
Selena Ahmed, Carmen Byker Shanks
While daily consumption of fruits and vegetables (FVs) is widely recognized to be associated with supporting nutrition and health, disparities exist in consumer food environments regarding access to high-quality produce based on location. The purpose of this study was to evaluate FV quality using total phenolic (TP) scores (a phytochemical measure for health-promoting attributes, flavor, appearance, and shelf-life) in consumer food environments along a rural to urban continuum in the rural state of Montana, United States...
August 17, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817083/comparison-of-australian-recommended-food-score-arfs-and-plasma-carotenoid-concentrations-a-validation-study-in-adults
#10
Lee Ashton, Rebecca Williams, Lisa Wood, Tracy Schumacher, Tracy Burrows, Megan Rollo, Kristine Pezdirc, Robin Callister, Clare Collins
Diet quality indices can predict nutritional adequacy of usual intake, but validity should be determined. The aim was to assess the validity of total and sub-scale score within the Australian Recommended Food Score (ARFS), in relation to fasting plasma carotenoid concentrations. Diet quality and fasting plasma carotenoid concentrations were assessed in 99 overweight and obese adults (49.5% female, aged 44.6 ± 9.9 years) at baseline and after three months (198 paired observations). Associations were assessed using Spearman's correlation coefficients and regression analysis, and agreement using weighted kappa (Kw)...
August 17, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806418/seasonality-affects-dietary-diversity-of-school-age-children-in-northern-ghana
#11
Abdul-Razak Abizari, Fusta Azupogo, Miwako Nagasu, Noortje Creemers, Inge D Brouwer
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Dietary diversity score (DDS) is relatively easy to measure and is shown to be a very useful indicator of the probability of adequate micronutrient intake. Dietary diversity, however, is usually assessed during a single period and little is known about the effect of seasonality on it. This study investigates whether dietary diversity is influenced by seasonality. METHODS: Two cross-sectional surveys were conducted in two different seasons-dry season (October 2010) and rainy season (May 2011) among the same school-age children (SAC) in two rural schools in northern Ghana...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782300/associations-between-social-support-psychological-well-being-decision-making-empowerment-infant-and-young-child-feeding-and-nutritional-status-in-ugandan-children-ages-0-to-24%C3%A2-months
#12
Scott B Ickes, Michael Wu, Maia P Mandel, Alison C Roberts
Maternal capabilities-qualities of mothers that enable them to leverage skills and resources into child health-hold potential influence over mother's adoption of child caring practices, including infant and young child feeding. We developed a survey (n = 195) that assessed the associations of 4 dimensions of maternal capabilities (social support, psychological health, decision making, and empowerment) with mothers' infant and young child feeding practices and children's nutritional status in Uganda. Maternal responses were converted to categorical subscales and an overall index...
August 7, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781256/-metabolomic-blood-test-purpose-implementation-and-interpretation-of-data
#13
REVIEW
P G Lokhov, A V Lisitsa, A I Archakov
The human body is an open system that receives a variety of xenobiotics in the course of dietary route or respiration and in the form of the drugs. As a lump sum scores of toxic and potentially toxic substances are detected in a human body that significantly affect health and human lifespan. There are also thousands of diseases, dozens of which latently occur in the body of each person. Traditional diagnosis is not able to screen all the variety of xenobiotics and potential human diseases. For this purpose metabolomic blood test is available which is of non-targeted (review) nature...
May 2017: Biomedit︠s︡inskai︠a︡ Khimii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761660/association-of-the-dash-dietary-pattern-with-insulin-resistance-and-diabetes-in-us-hispanic-latino-adults-results-from-the-hispanic-community-health-study-study-of-latinos-hchs-sol
#14
Leonor Corsino, Daniela Sotres-Alvarez, Nicole M Butera, Anna María Siega-Riz, Cristina Palacios, Cynthia M Pérez, Sandra S Albrecht, Rebecca A Espinoza Giacinto, Marisa Judith Perera, Linda Van Horn, M Larissa Avilés-Santa
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between diet quality and both diabetes status and insulin resistance in Hispanic/Latino adults, and the extent to which differences in diet quality contribute to differences in outcomes across Hispanic/Latino heritage. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Cross-sectional study. Data are from 15 942 individuals enrolled in the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos. Diet was ascertained using two 24-hour dietary recalls, and diet quality was measured using the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) score (range: 0-80, lowest to highest)...
2017: BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760418/energy-and-nutrient-intake-of-infants-and-young-children-in-pastoralist-communities-of-ethiopia
#15
Girma Mengistu, Tibebu Moges, Aregash Samuel, Kaleab Baye
OBJECTIVE: Nutrient intake from complementary foods often is suboptimal in subsistent farming households of developing countries, but little is known about this in pastoralist communities. The aim of this study was to estimate the energy and nutrient intake of children ages 6 to 23 mo living in pastoralist communities of Ethiopia. METHOD: As part of the Ethiopian National Food Consumption Survey, 24-h dietary recall data were collected through in-home interviews from a nationally representative sample...
September 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728777/the-emerging-nutritional-problems-of-school-adolescents-overweight-obesity-and-associated-factors-in-jimma-town-ethiopia
#16
Nurezeman Gali, Dessalegn Tamiru, Meseret Tamrat
BACKGROUND: Globally, overweight is rapidly becoming one of the most important medical and public health problems. Adolescent obesity is a multisystem disease with potentially devastating consequences that persist into adulthood. However, there is a paucity of available information regarding the adolescent overweight and obesity in Ethiopia, particularly in the study area. METHODS: A school-based cross-sectional study was conducted from March to April/2015 among 546 adolescents...
July 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717809/racial-differences-in-misclassification-of-healthy-eating-based-on-food-frequency-questionnaire-and-24-hour-dietary-recalls
#17
B Olendzki, E Procter-Gray, M F Magee, G Youssef, K Kane, L Churchill, J Ockene, W Li
OBJECTIVES: To examine the agreement in nutrient intake and alternate healthy eating indices (AHEI) between a self-administered Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ) and 24-hour recall (24HR) measurements of diet by race, among urban older women. DESIGN: Cross-sectional observational study. SETTING: Urban neighborhoods in Washington, DC, USA. PARTICIPANTS: Community-dwelling White and Black women aged 65 and older. MEASUREMENTS: In 2014 and 2015, 49 White and 44 Black older women were queried on diet using both FFQ and 24-hour recalls...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717805/relationship-between-diet-related-indicators-and-overweight-and-obesity-in-older-adults-in-rural-japan
#18
M Ishikawa, S Moriya, T Yokoyama
OBJECTIVES: To identify the relationship between diet-related indicators and overweight and obesity in older adults in rural Japan. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. SETTING: Obira, Hokkaido, Japan. PARTICIPANTS: Local residents aged between 65 and 74 years, except for those with poor health, were included. INTERVENTION: A health- and diet-related questionnaire was applied to participants house-to-house by trained health professionals...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714283/association-between-maternal-social-capital-and-infant-complementary-feeding-practices-in-rural-ethiopia
#19
Yunhee Kang, Jane Kim, Eunkyo Seo
Few studies have explored the potential of social capital in improving child nutritional status; however, most components of pathways between social capital and nutritional status have remained unexplained. Complementary feeding practice is a strong mediator of child nutritional status. This study examined the association between complementary feeding practice and maternal social capital in rural Ethiopia, using cross-sectional data of infant aged 6-12 months and their mother pairs (n = 870). The Short Social Capital Assessment Tool was used to assess maternal structural (i...
July 17, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707605/self-reported-use-of-nutrition-labels-to-make-food-choices-is-associated-with-healthier-dietary-behaviours-in-adolescents
#20
Amier Haidar, Felicia R Carey, Nalini Ranjit, Natalie Archer, Deanna Hoelscher
OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to examine nutrition label use and dietary behaviours among ethnically diverse middle- and high-school students, in Texas, USA. DESIGN: The School Physical Activity and Nutrition (SPAN) survey is a cross-sectional statewide study using a self-administered questionnaire to assess nutrition and physical activity behaviours. Height and weight measurements were used to determine BMI. Multivariable logistic regression was used to determine associations between nutrition label use and dietary behaviours, with gender, grade, ethnicity, BMI, parent education, socio-economic status and nutrition knowledge as covariates...
July 14, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
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