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Communicable diseases and India

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234483/the-influence-of-emerging-markets-on-the-pharmaceutical-industry
#1
REVIEW
Maya Tannoury, Zouhair Attieh
Emerging markets represent an exceptional opportunity for the pharmaceutical industry. Although a precise definition is not yet available, economists define emerging markets as developing prosperous countries in which investment is expected to result in higher income despite high risks. Qualifying a market as emerging is not merely based on the economic status of the country, but also on several criteria that render the definition applicable to each country. Jim O'Neil, retired chairman of asset management at Goldman Sachs, identified leading economies of emerging markets: Brazil, Russia, India, and China (BRIC) and later Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa (BRICS) and then Mexico, Indonesia, South Korea, and Turkey (MIST), which followed years later as the second tier of nations...
2017: Current Therapeutic Research, Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226167/mathematical-modeling-of-chronic-infectious-diseases-unpacking-the-black-box
#2
Anthony T Fojo, Emily A Kendall, Parastu Kasaie, Sourya Shrestha, Thomas A Louis, David W Dowdy
Background: Mathematical models are increasingly used to understand the dynamics of infectious diseases, including "chronic" infections with long generation times. Such models include features that are obscure to most clinicians and decision-makers. Methods: Using a model of a hypothetical active case-finding intervention for tuberculosis in India as an example, we illustrate the effects on model results of different choices for model structure, input parameters, and calibration process...
2017: Open Forum Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215549/nature-cure-and-non-communicable-diseases-ecological-therapy-as-health-care-in-india
#3
Joseph S Alter, R M Nair, Rukmani Nair
With rapidly increasing rates of non-communicable diseases, India is experiencing a dramatic public health crisis that is closely linked to changing lifestyles and the growth of the middle-class. In this essay we discuss how the practice of Nature Cure provides a way of understanding the scale and scope of the crisis, as it is embodied, and a way to understand key elements of a solution to problems that the crisis presents for institutionalized health care. As institutionalized in contemporary India, Nature Cure involves treatment and managed care using earth, air, sunlight, and water as well as a strict dietary regimen...
December 7, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200253/the-role-of-implementation-and-communication-of-mantra-water-sanitation-and-hygiene-program-in-improving-public-health-in-odisha-state-india
#4
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Provision of safe drinking water is the main strategy to reduce the number of water-borne diseases. The Government of India has declared its commitment towards achieving Sustainable Development Goals and universal sanitation coverage in the country by the year 2022. Indian NGO Gram Vikas offers a solution to this task through its flagship WASH program MANTRA. It focuses on water and sanitation as an entry point for integrated village development. METHODS: The case study from Haradango village (Odisha state, India) investigates the effectiveness of MANTRA program by identifying key principles of this Gram Vikas' flagship programme and by analysing an impact of its implemenation and communication on public health of Haradango villagers...
November 4, 2017: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192146/cardiovascular-disease-risk-assessment-in-the-united-states-and-low-and-middle-income-countries-using-predicted-heart-vascular-age
#5
Duke Appiah, Benjamin D Capistrant
Almost 80% of the global burden of cardiovascular disease (CVD) occurs in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). However, LMICs do not have well-established, low-technology ways to quantify and communicate CVD risk at population or individual levels. We examined predicted heart/vascular age (PHA) in six LMICs and the United States. Data were from CVD-free adults in World Health Organization Study on Global Aging and Adult Health (n = 29094) and US National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey (n = 6726)...
November 30, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184894/effect-of-mhealth-on-modifying-behavioural-risk-factors-of-non-communicable-diseases-in-an-adult-rural-population-in-delhi-india
#6
Malvika Sharma, Bratati Banerjee, G K Ingle, Suneela Garg
Background: The rising trend of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) has led to a "dual burden" in low and middle-income (LAMI) countries like India which are still battling with high prevalence of communicable diseases. The incorporation of a target specially dedicated to NCDs within the goal 3 of the newly adopted Sustainable Development Goals indicates the importance the world now accords to prevention and control of these diseases. Mobile phone technology is increasingly viewed as a promising communication channel that can be utilized for primary prevention of NCDs by promoting behaviour change and risk factor modification...
2017: MHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162321/a-cluster-randomized-trial-to-determine-the-effectiveness-of-a-novel-digital-pendant-and-voice-reminder-platform-on-increasing-infant-immunization-adherence-in-rural-udaipur-india
#7
Ruchit Nagar, Preethi Venkat, Logan D Stone, Kyle A Engel, Praneeth Sadda, Mohammed Shahnawaz
BACKGROUND: Five hundred thousand children under the age of 5 die from vaccine preventable diseases in India every year. More than just improving coverage, increasing timeliness of immunizations is critical to ensuring infant health in the first year of life. Novel, culturally appropriate community engagement strategies are worth exploring to close the immunization gap. In our study, a digital NFC (Near Field Communication) pendant worn on black thread and voice call reminder system was tested for the effectiveness in improving DTP3 adherence within 2 monthly camps from DTP1 administration...
November 18, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150201/nations-within-a-nation-variations-in-epidemiological-transition-across-the-states-of-india-1990-2016-in-the-global-burden-of-disease-study
#8
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: 18% of the world's population lives in India, and many states of India have populations similar to those of large countries. Action to effectively improve population health in India requires availability of reliable and comprehensive state-level estimates of disease burden and risk factors over time. Such comprehensive estimates have not been available so far for all major diseases and risk factors. Thus, we aimed to estimate the disease burden and risk factors in every state of India as part of the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) Study 2016...
November 13, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141718/dengue-fever-surveillance-in-india-using-text-mining-in-public-media
#9
Andrea Villanes, Emily Griffiths, Michael Rappa, Christopher G Healey
Despite the improvement in health conditions across the world, communicable diseases remain among the leading mortality causes in many countries. Combating communicable diseases depends on surveillance, preventive measures, outbreak investigation, and the establishment of control mechanisms. Delays in obtaining country-level data of confirmed communicable disease cases, such as dengue fever, are prompting new efforts for short- to medium-term data. News articles highlight dengue infections, and they can reveal how public health messages, expert findings, and uncertainties are communicated to the public...
October 23, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073900/comparison-of-online-marketing-techniques-on-food-and-beverage-companies-websites-in-six-countries
#10
Marie A Bragg, Margaret Eby, Josh Arshonsky, Alex Bragg, Gbenga Ogedegbe
Food and beverage marketing contributes to poor dietary choices among adults and children. As consumers spend more time on the Internet, food and beverage companies have increased their online marketing efforts. Studies have shown food companies' online promotions use a variety of marketing techniques to promote mostly energy-dense, nutrient-poor products, but no studies have compared the online marketing techniques and nutritional quality of products promoted on food companies' international websites. For this descriptive study, we developed a qualitative codebook to catalogue the marketing themes used on 18 international corporate websites associated with the world's three largest fast food and beverage companies (i...
October 26, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29060835/phonequant-a-smartphone-based-quantitative-immunoassay-analyser
#11
Malay Ilesh Shah, Jayaraj Joseph, Ujwal Sriharsha Sanne, Mohanasankar Sivaprakasam
There is a vital need for portable and cost-effective point-of-care (PoC) testing technologies that provide reliable and rapid results. Lateral Flow Immunoassays (LFIA) are suitable PoC diagnostic tools with the potential for use in a wide variety of field applications ranging from uses in clinical diagnostics to aiding law enforcement. Quick and reliable diagnosis of non-communicable diseases (NCD) like diabetes is vital especially in developing countries like India where the burden of these diseases is very high and is increasing day by day...
July 2017: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038175/predictability-of-recurrence-using-immunohistochemistry-to-delineate-surgical-margins-in-mucosal-head-and-neck-squamous-cell-carcinoma-prism-hnscc-study-protocol-for-a-prospective-observational-and-bilateral-study-in-australia-and-india
#12
Sheela Joseph, Rajinikanth Janakiraman, Geeta Chacko, Rama Jayaraj, Mahiban Thomas, Meera Thomas, Sramana Mukhopadhyay
OBJECTIVES: Treatment failure and poor 5-year survival in mucosal head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) has remained unchanged for decades mainly due to advanced stage of presentation and high rates of recurrence. Incomplete surgical removal of the tumour, attributed to lack of reliable methods to delineate the surgical margins, is a major cause of disease recurrence. The predictability of recurrence using immunohistochemistry (IHC) to delineate surgical margins (PRISM) in mucosal HNSCC study aims to redefine margin status by identifying the true extent of the tumour at the molecular level by performing IHC with molecular markers, eukaryotic initiation factor, eIF4Eand tumour suppressor gene, p53, on the surgical margins and test the use of Lugol's iodine and fluorescence visualisation prior to the wide local excision...
October 15, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979866/cutaneous-manifestations-of-chikungunya-fever-observations-from-an-outbreak-at-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-southeast-rajasthan-india
#13
Ramesh Kumar, Manoj K Sharma, Suresh K Jain, Sumit K Yadav, Anil K Singhal
BACKGROUND: Chikungunya fever is caused by chikungunya virus which is transmitted by the bite of infected Aedes aegypti and A. albopictus mosquitoes. AIMS: To study the various mucocutaneous manifestations in suspected cases of chikungunya fever. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The patients who attended our outpatient department from July 2016 to October 2016 and fulfilled the criteria for "suspect cases" of chikungunya infection stipulated by the National Institute of Communicable Diseases, Directorate General of Health Services, Government of India, were included in the study prospectively...
September 2017: Indian Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924313/tobacco-use-among-serving-army-personnel-an-epidemiological-study
#14
Atul Puthia, A K Yadav, Atul Kotwal
BACKGROUND: India has consequential burden of tobacco related disease and death. Though there are surveys conducted at national and regional level yet the information about tobacco consumption among army personnel is scarce. Thus an epidemiological study was conducted to estimate the prevalence and assess determinants of tobacco consumption amongst army personnel. METHODS: A community based cross sectional study was conducted using simple random sampling to enroll 380 personnel...
April 2017: Medical Journal, Armed Forces India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867081/is-sodium-and-potassium-content-of-commonly-consumed-processed-packaged-foods-a-cause-of-concern
#15
Meenu Singh, Suneeta Chandorkar
Processed foods are the major contributors towards sodium intake thereby pre-disposing individuals towards risk of Diet Related Non-communicable Diseases (DR-NCDs). There is paucity of data on sodium and potassium content of processed packaged foods in India. The sodium and potassium content of the most commonly consumed processed packaged foods (n=154) was analyzed by AOAC 969.23 method using Flame Photometer. Highest analyzed mean sodium content was found in soups (4823±1674mg/100g, range=3220 to 8000mg/100g) while the potassium content was highest in chips with a mean of 778±260mg/100g and ranged between 360 and 1220mg/100g...
January 1, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837688/lost-in-translation-the-challenge-of-adapting-integrated-approaches-for-worker-health-and-safety-for-low-and-middle-income-countries
#16
Glorian Sorensen, Eve M Nagler, Pratibha Pawar, Prakash C Gupta, Mangesh S Pednekar, Gregory R Wagner
OBJECTIVES: To describe the process of adapting an intervention integrating occupational safety and health (OSH) and health promotion for manufacturing worksites in India and the challenges faced in implementing it; and explore how globalization trends may influence the implementation of these integrated approaches in India and other low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). METHODS: This study-conducted in 22 manufacturing worksites in Mumbai, India-adapted and implemented an evidence-based intervention tested in the U...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822528/management-of-obesity-in-adult-asian-indians
#17
REVIEW
S Behl, A Misra
The prevalence of obesity in India is increasing and ranges from 8% to 38% in rural and 13% to 50% in urban areas. Obesity is a risk factor for development of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), hypertension, dyslipidemia, coronary heart disease and many cancers. In Asian Indians excess abdominal and hepatic fat is associated with increased risk for T2DM and cardiovascular disease. There is higher risk for development of obesity related non-communicable diseases at lower body mass index levels, compared to white Caucasians...
July 2017: Indian Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820902/from-hospitalization-records-to-surveillance-the-use-of-local-patient-profiles-to-characterize-cholera-in-vellore-india
#18
Melissa S Cruz, Tania M AlarconFalconi, Meghan A Hartwick, Aishwarya Venkat, Hanna Y Ehrlich, Shalini Anandan, Honorine D Ward, Balaji Veeraraghavan, Elena N Naumova
Despite availability of high quality medical records, health care systems often do not have the resources or tools to utilize these data efficiently. Yet, hospital-based, laboratory-confirmed records may pave the way for building reliable surveillance systems capable of monitoring temporal trends of emerging infections. In this communication, we present a new tool to compress and visualize medical records with a local population profile (LPP) approach, which transforms information into statistically comparable patterns...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796835/correction-seven-year-longitudinal-change-in-risk-factors-for-non-communicable-diseases-in-rural-kerala-india-the-who-steps-approach
#19
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0178949.].
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793930/emerging-trends-and-patterns-of-self-reported-morbidity-in-india-evidence-from-three-rounds-of-national-sample-survey
#20
Kalosona Paul, Jayakant Singh
BACKGROUND: India is rapidly undergoing an epidemiological transition with a sudden change in the disease profile of its population. It is important to understand the changing nature of the burden of disease across the states of India for adequate policy intervention. METHODS: We analyzed the trend and pattern of self-reported morbidity across states of India using three rounds of (52nd, 60th and 71st) National Sample Survey Organization (NSSO) data. Descriptive analysis was carried out to understand the prevalence of self-reported morbidity variation over a period of two decades (1995-2014) and multivariate analysis was performed to identify the significant determinants of various types of self-reported morbidities...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
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