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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537579/developmental-origins-of-diabetes-an-indian-perspective
#1
REVIEW
G V Krishnaveni, C S Yajnik
The developmental origins of health disease (DOHaD) hypothesis proposes that altered environmental influences (nutrition, metabolism, pollutants, stress and so on) during critical stages of fetal growth predisposes individuals to diabetes and other non-communicable disease in later life. This phenomenon is thought to reflect permanent effects ('programming') of unbalanced fetal development on physiological systems. Intrauterine programming may underlie the characteristic Indian 'thin-fat' phenotype and the current unprecedented epidemic of diabetes on the backdrop of multigenerational maternal undernutrition in the country...
May 24, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511721/socioeconomic-status-and-dietary-patterns-in-children-from-around-the-world-different-associations-by-levels-of-country-human-development
#2
Taru Manyanga, Mark S Tremblay, Jean-Philippe Chaput, Peter T Katzmarzyk, Mikael Fogelholm, Gang Hu, Rebecca Kuriyan, Anura Kurpad, Estelle V Lambert, Carol Maher, Jose Maia, Victor Matsudo, Timothy Olds, Vincent Onywera, Olga L Sarmiento, Martyn Standage, Catrine Tudor-Locke, Pei Zhao, Vera Mikkila, Stephanie T Broyles
BACKGROUND: Although 'unhealthy' diet is a well-known risk factor for non-communicable diseases, its relationship with socio-economic status (SES) has not been fully investigated. Moreover, the available research has largely been conducted in countries at high levels of human development. This is the first study to examine relationships among dietary patterns and SES of children from countries spanning a wide range of human development. METHODS: This was a multinational cross-sectional study among 9-11 year-old children (n = 6808) from urban/peri-urban sites across 12 countries...
May 16, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501793/ethical-issues-in-death-dying-and-palliation-the-ijme-sixth-national-bioethics-conference
#3
Rakhi Ghoshal, V Deepa, Sunita Simon Kurpad
The IJME Sixth National Bioethics Conference (6th NBC), on the theme "Healing and dying with dignity: ethical issues in palliative care, end-of-life care and euthanasia", was held in Pune, Maharashtra from January 12-15, 2017. Palliative care (PC) and end-of-life care (EOLC) are closely related areas of concern, yet they have been neglected so far. There is an urgent need to discuss these issues in India due to the changing demographics, socioeconomic and work profiles of the population, people's living conditions and health status, and the contexts of the country's population...
May 10, 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460766/potential-for-mobile-health-mhealth-prevention-of-cardiovascular-diseases-in-kerala-a-population-based-survey
#4
Leo Feinberg, Jaideep Menon, Rebecca Smith, Jaya G Rajeev, Raman Krishan Kumar, Amitava Banerjee
BACKGROUND: India's southern state of Kerala stands at the forefront of India's epidemic of cardiovascular disease (CVD), among other non-communicable diseases (NCDs). Mobile phone use in healthcare (mHealth) has shown promise in India, including NCDs. However, suitability and acceptability of m-Health interventions is poorly researched, particularly in rural settings. OBJECTIVES: METHODS: A questionnaire regarding mobile phone usage and possible use in healthcare was verbally administered in five primary health centres and by home visits in five village councils ("panchayats") of Ernakulam, Kerala...
March 2017: Indian Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395951/prevalence-and-determinants-of-comorbid-diabetes-and-hypertension-evidence-from-non-communicable-disease-risk-factor-steps-survey-india
#5
Jaya Prasad Tripathy, J S Thakur, Gursimer Jeet, Sanjay Jain
PROBLEM STATEMENT: Comorbidity of non-communicable diseases carries a significant risk of cardiovascular events and mortality. With the rising burden of diabetes, hypertension and other risk factors, and ageing population in India, this is likely to pose a major threat to the health system. It is therefore essential to understand this high risk group. This article reports prevalence of comorbid diabetes and hypertension and its associated risk factors in the North Indian state of Punjab...
March 31, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384891/ways-and-means-to-utilize-private-practitioners-for-tuberculosis-care-in-india
#6
Janmejaya Samal
The growing interest of utilizing the private practitioners in improving the outreach of public health services including Tuberculosis (TB) control programme stemmed out of people's preference for private health facilities in situations where public health facilities fail to meet the expectations. In different parts of India, many models of Public Private Partnership have been tried and tested and proved successful in providing quality TB care in the concerned community. In this paper, several ways and means have been proposed to effectively utilize private practitioners for TB care in India...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367791/dietary-patterns-and-non-communicable-disease-risk-in-indian-adults-secondary-analysis-of-indian-migration-study-data
#7
Edward Jm Joy, Rosemary Green, Sutapa Agrawal, Lukasz Aleksandrowicz, Liza Bowen, Sanjay Kinra, Jennie I Macdiarmid, Andy Haines, Alan D Dangour
OBJECTIVE: Undernutrition and non-communicable disease (NCD) are important public health issues in India, yet their relationship with dietary patterns is poorly understood. The current study identified distinct dietary patterns and their association with micronutrient undernutrition (Ca, Fe, Zn) and NCD risk factors (underweight, obesity, waist:hip ratio, hypertension, total:HDL cholesterol, diabetes). DESIGN: Data were from the cross-sectional Indian Migration Study, including semi-quantitative FFQ...
April 3, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331245/need-for-strategic-revamping-to-prevent-and-control-non-communicable-diseases-in-india
#8
EDITORIAL
Damodar Bachani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316387/classico-molecular-targeting-of-oligopeptidase-b-cysteine-protease-and-variable-surface-glycoprotein-vsg-genes-of-trypanosoma-evansi
#9
Ruchi Singh Gaur, Vikrant Sudan, Amit Kumar Jaiswal, Amit Singh, Daya Shanker
Trypanosomosis or Surra can rightly be attributed as the most economically important vector-borne haemoprotozoan disease encountering India. Surra infected chronic cases show almost similar types of signs and symptoms often confusing it with other haemoprotozoan infections, thereby, making it prerequisite for the development of aspecific and sensitive technique for its detection in susceptible animals. Blood microscopy and serology suffers from the hands of lack of sensitivity and specificity thereby leaving molecular detection techniques as one of the promising alternative...
March 2017: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272078/trends-in-nutrient-intakes-nutritional-status-and-correlates-of-undernutrition-among-rural-children-below-5-years-of-age-the-national-nutrition-monitoring-bureau-survey-2012
#10
I I Meshram, M R Kodavanti, H K Rachkulla, B Nagalla, S R Kakani
BACKGROUND: In spite of several national nutrition intervention programs that have been in operation since the past four decades, undernutrition continues to be an important public health problem in India. AIM: The aim of the present study was to assess the trends in food and nutrient intakes and nutritional status of children in India below 5 years of age. SETTING AND DESIGN: A community-based, cross-sectional study was carried out in ten National Nutrition Monitoring Bureau states by adopting a multistage random sampling procedure...
April 2017: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271846/non-communicable-disease-syndemics-poverty-depression-and-diabetes-among-low-income-populations
#11
REVIEW
Emily Mendenhall, Brandon A Kohrt, Shane A Norris, David Ndetei, Dorairaj Prabhakaran
The co-occurrence of health burdens in transitioning populations, particularly in specific socioeconomic and cultural contexts, calls for conceptual frameworks to improve understanding of risk factors, so as to better design and implement prevention and intervention programmes to address comorbidities. The concept of a syndemic, developed by medical anthropologists, provides such a framework for preventing and treating comorbidities. The term syndemic refers to synergistic health problems that affect the health of a population within the context of persistent social and economic inequalities...
March 4, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252353/investigation-of-mycobacterium-avium-complex-mac-in-australian-commercial-milk-using-qpcr
#12
Shraddha Adhikari, Tanya Caro Tohme, Harriet Whiley
This technical research communication describes the first study to use quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) to investigate the presence of Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) in Australian pasteurised milk. MAC is the most common NTM responsible for human illnesses and includes M. avium subspecies paratuberculosis (MAP). MAC is a causative agent of lymphadenitis in children, with contaminated food and water considered as a likely source. As such the presence of MAC in milk would have public health significance...
February 2017: Journal of Dairy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208887/sputum-collection-and-disposal-perceptions-and-practices-among-pulmonary-tuberculosis-patients-from-northern-india
#13
Abhishek Singh, Vipin Goyal, Shewtank Goel
INTRODUCTION: Even a single case of pulmonary Tuberculosis (TB) can infect many others. Hence, to ensure better control of the disease, it is imperative that all patients dispose their sputum safely. Outcomes of this study would highlight the gaps need to be bridged in order to curtail transmission of TB. AIM: To analyse and ascertain perceptions about the disease and determine the sputum collection and disposal practices followed by sputum-positive TB patients...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208856/seroprevalence-of-common-viral-diseases-a-hospital-based-study-from-amritsar-india
#14
Kanwardeep Singh, Shailpreet K Sidhu, Pushpa Devi, Manpreet Kaur, Maninder Kaur, Nachhatarjit Singh
INTRODUCTION: There is a paucity of published data on epidemiology of the viral infections in Punjab, India. The Viral Research and Diagnostic Laboratory (VRDL) located at Government Medical College (GMC), Amritsar conducts the initial diagnosis of common viruses circulating in the region. AIM: To report the seroprevalence of various viral diseases in Amritsar and neighboring districts of Punjab along with the demographic and geographical data of the patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Whole blood sera samples from a total of 5781 patients suspected of various viral diseases (chikungunya, dengue, hepatitis A, hepatitis B, hepatitis C, hepatitis E, herpes simplex-1 or herpes simplex-2) were received at VRDL, GMC, Amritsar from January 2015 to April 2016 and a cross sectional study was conducted...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185586/expressing-collective-voices-on-children-s-health-photovoice-exploration-with-mothers-of-young-children-from-the-indian-sundarbans
#15
Upasona Ghosh, Shibaji Bose, Rittika Bramhachari, Sabyasachi Mandal
BACKGROUND: The Indian Sundarbans is marked by inhospitable terrain and frequent climatic shocks which jointly hinder access to health care. Community members, and women in particular, have few means to communicate their concerns to local decision makers. Photovoice is one way in which communities can raise their local health challenges with decision makers. This study unlocks mothers' voices on the determinants of their children's health to inform local level decision-making on child health issues in the Indian Sundarbans...
November 15, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144053/respiratory-disease-terminology-discordance-between-pulmonologists-and-patients
#16
Nishtha Singh, Sheetu Singh, Nirmal Kumar Jain, Virendra Singh
CONTEXT: A number of local dialects and languages exist in India, which leads to a single disease being addressed by a number of names which may overlap with other disease names also. This creates misunderstanding and is a hindrance to effective patient-doctor communication. AIMS: The paper aims to find out how effectively the name of the respiratory disease is communicated to the patient. The terminology used by patients to describe their disease was also noted at limited level...
January 2017: Lung India: Official Organ of Indian Chest Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139545/prevalence-of-risk-factors-for-non-communicable-diseases-in-rural-urban-tamil-nadu
#17
Anu Mary Oommen, Vinod Joseph Abraham, Kuryan George, V Jacob Jose
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Surveillance of risk factors is important to plan suitable control measures for non-communicable diseases (NCDs). The objective of this study was to assess the behavioural, physical and biochemical risk factors for NCDs in Vellore Corporation and Kaniyambadi, a rural block in Vellore district, Tamil Nadu, India. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was carried out among 6196 adults aged 30-64 yr, with 3799 participants from rural and 2397 from urban areas...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131070/health-education-on-diabetes-and-other-non-communicable-diseases-imparted-to-teachers-shows-a-cascading-effect-a-study-from-southern-india
#18
Sundaram Selvam, Narayanasamy Murugesan, Chamukuttan Snehalatha, Arun Nanditha, Arun Raghavan, Mary Simon, Priscilla Susairaj, Ambady Ramachandran
AIMS: The aims were to assess effect of a short training programme on non-communicable diseases (NCDs), particularly diabetes on school teachers and also on students who were in turn educated by them. Lifestyle changes made by both groups were assessed 6months later. METHODS: Graduate teachers (n=1017) from 2 districts in Tamilnadu, India were trained using audio visual aids in batches of 100, on healthy lifestyle practices, prevention and management of diabetes...
March 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098082/occupational-health-profile-of-workers-employed-in-the-manufacturing-sector-of-india
#19
REVIEW
Shivali Suri, Ranjan Das
BACKGROUND: The occupational health scenario of workers engaged in the manufacturing sector in India deserves attention for their safety and increasing productivity. We reviewed the status of the manufacturing sector, identified hazards faced by workers, and assessed the existing legislations and healthcare delivery mechanisms. METHODS: From October 2014 to March 2015, we did a literature review by manual search of pre-identified journals, general electronic search, electronic search of dedicated websites/databases and personal communication with experts of occupational health...
September 2016: National Medical Journal of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092932/the-burden-of-infectious-and-cardiovascular-diseases-in-india-from-2004-to-2014
#20
Kajori Banerjee, Laxmi Kant Dwivedi
OBJECTIVES: In India, both communicable and non-communicable diseases have been argued to disproportionately affect certain socioeconomic strata of the population. Using the 60th (2004) and 71st (2014) rounds of the National Sample Survey, this study assessed the balance between infectious diseases and cardiovascular diseases (CVD) from 2004 to 2014, as well as changes in the disease burden in various socioeconomic and demographic subpopulations. METHODS: Prevalence rates, hospitalization rates, case fatality rates, and share of in-patients deaths were estimated to compare the disease burdens at these time points...
2016: Epidemiology and Health
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