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Communicable diseases and India

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29893224/measuring-performance-on-the-healthcare-access-and-quality-index-for-195-countries-and-territories-and-selected-subnational-locations-a-systematic-analysis-from-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2016
#1
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: A key component of achieving universal health coverage is ensuring that all populations have access to quality health care. Examining where gains have occurred or progress has faltered across and within countries is crucial to guiding decisions and strategies for future improvement. We used the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2016 (GBD 2016) to assess personal health-care access and quality with the Healthcare Access and Quality (HAQ) Index for 195 countries and territories, as well as subnational locations in seven countries, from 1990 to 2016...
June 2, 2018: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29858128/allopathic-ayush-and-informal-medical-practitioners-in-rural-india-a-prescription-for-change
#2
REVIEW
Shailaja Chandra, Kishor Patwardhan
This paper looks at the treatment seeking behaviour of rural households and presents factors that discourage them from using public health facilities. It also brings out how Allopathic medical graduates as well as institutionally qualified AYUSH doctors predominantly offer services in cities and townships which results in lakhs of village households having to depend on unqualified medical practitioners as the first line of medical treatment; also how this situation will continue unless the approach to providing medical treatment is modified...
May 29, 2018: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29851982/social-autopsy-for-identifying-causes-of-adult-mortality
#3
Mamta Gupta, Manmeet Kaur, P V M Lakshmi, Shankar Prinja, Tarundeep Singh, Titiksha Sirari, Rajesh Kumar
Verbal autopsy methods have been developed to determine medical causes of deathforprioritizing disease control programs. Additional information on social causesmay facilitate designing of more appropriate prevention strategies. Use of social autopsy in investigations of causes of adult deaths has been limited. Therefore, acommunity-based study was conducted in NandpurKalour Block of Fatehgarh Sahib District in Punjab (India)for finding social causes of adult deaths. An integrated verbal and social autopsy toolwas developed and verbal autopsies of 600 adult deaths, occurring over a reference period of one year, were conducted in 2014...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769034/demand-side-determinants-of-timely-vaccination-of-oral-polio-vaccine-in-social-mobilization-network-areas-of-core-group-polio-project-in-uttar-pradesh-india
#4
Manojkumar Choudhary, Roma Solomon, Jitendra Awale, Rina Dey
BACKGROUND: Children who receive all doses of scheduled vaccines reduce their susceptibility to vaccine-preventable diseases. In India, full immunization coverage has increased significantly. However, only a small proportion of children are immunized on time. Globally, studies on factors affecting coverage of childhood immunization have found a significant impact by demand and supply-side determinants. This paper explores the demand-side determinants of timely immunization of the third dose of oral polio vaccine (OPV3) among children aged 6-11 months in the catchment areas of CORE Group Polio Project India...
May 16, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751561/factors-associated-with-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behavior-in-older-adults-from-six-low-and-middle-income-countries
#5
Cadeyrn J Gaskin, Liliana Orellana
Rising life expectancy in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC), coupled with the increasing burden of non-communicable diseases, accentuates the importance of generating information to support public health strategies. With this aim in mind, the purpose of this study was to identify correlates of physical activity and sedentary behavior in LMIC. We analyzed Wave 1 data (collected 2007⁻2010) from the World Health Organization’s longitudinal Study on global AGEing and adult health (SAGE), which focuses on nationally representative samples of adults aged 50 years and older from six countries (China, n = 13,157; India, n = 6560; Mexico, n = 2301; Russian Federation, n = 3763; South Africa, n = 3836; and Ghana, n = 4305)...
May 3, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746506/triple-burden-of-disease-and-out-of-pocket-healthcare-expenditure-of-women-in-india
#6
Laishram Ladusingh, Sanjay Kumar Mohanty, Melody Thangjam
AIM: Women, unlike men, are subjected to triple burden of disease, namely, non-communicable and communicable diseases and reproductive health related diseases. To assess prevalence of triple burden of disease of currently married women and to contrast out of pocket maternal care expenditure of these diseases in India. SUBJECT AND METHODS: This study uses nationally representative unit level data from the 71st round (2014) of the National Sample Survey Organisation...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746481/disease-specific-out-of-pocket-and-catastrophic-health-expenditure-on-hospitalization-in-india-do-indian-households-face-distress-health-financing
#7
Anshul Kastor, Sanjay K Mohanty
BACKGROUND: Rising non-communicable diseases (NCDs) coupled with increasing injuries have resulted in a significant increase in health spending in India. While out-of-pocket expenditure remains the major source of health care financing in India (two-thirds of the total health spending), the financial burden varies enormously across diseases and by the economic well-being of the households. Though prior studies have examined the variation in disease pattern, little is known about the financial risk to the families by type of diseases in India...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742064/efficacy-of-forced-right-nostril-breathing-and-selected-yogasanas-on-female-obese-college-students
#8
B K Kasturi, Guru Deo
Background Overweight and obesity are the accumulation of high body adiposity, which can have detrimental health effects and contribute to the developments of numerous non communicable diseases. Aim To study the psycho-physiological changes after the practice of forced right nostril breathing and selected yogasanas on obese college students. Methods To carry out this study, 32 female subjects aged 18-25 years of age were recruited with informed consent from Priyanka degree college, Hyderabad, Telangana, India...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725168/prevalence-of-psychiatric-illness-among-residents-of-old-age-homes-in-northern-india
#9
Shamsi Akbar, S C Tiwari, Rakesh K Tripathi, Nisha M Pandey, Ambrish Kumar
Context: There are many factors which compelled older adults to live in old age homes (OAHs) and vulnerable to psychological problems. Studies reported high prevalence of mental health problems (20%-60%) among elderlies of OAHs. Therefore, the study was conducted to explore prevalence of psychiatric illness (PI) among residents of OAHs of Northern India. Settings and Design: The present study was conducted in OAHs of Districts Bareilly, Lucknow, Varanasi, Dehradun, and Haridwar, using cross-sectional descriptive study method...
April 2018: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695276/india-s-ncd-strategy-in-the-sdg-era-are-there-early-signs-of-a-paradigm-shift
#10
Shinjini Mondal, Sara Van Belle
BACKGROUND: The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are seen in most corners as the embodiment of a more inclusive and holistic development approach, key to addressing the numerous and urgent challenges the world faces. In the health realm, a true SDG approach will require a five-fold paradigm shift according to Buse and Hawkes. This article explores whether early traces of this paradigm shift can already be witnessed in the Indian context, focusing on Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs) more in particular...
April 25, 2018: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674487/metals-in-urine-in-relation-to-the-prevalence-of-pre-diabetes-diabetes-and-atherosclerosis-in-rural-india
#11
Ganesan Velmurugan, Krishnan Swaminathan, Ganesh Veerasekar, Jonathan Q Purnell, Sundaresan Mohanraj, Mani Dhivakar, Anil Kumar Avula, Mathew Cherian, Nalla G Palaniswami, Thomas Alexander, Thalappil Pradeep
OBJECTIVE: Diabetes and cardiovascular diseases are growing burdens in rural communities worldwide. We have observed a high prevalence of diabetes among rural farming communities in India and sought to evaluate the association of non-traditional risk factors, such as metals, with diabetes and other cardiometabolic risk factors in this community. METHODS: Anthropometric measurements, chemistries and carotid intima-media thickness were determined in 865 participants of the Kovai Medical Center and Hospital-Nallampatti Non-Communicable Disease Study-I (KMCH-NNCD-I, 2015), a cross-sectional study conducted in a farming village in South India...
April 19, 2018: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664035/out-of-pocket-expenditure-for-hospitalization-in-haryana-state-of-india-extent-determinants-financial-risk-protection
#12
Deepshikha Sharma, Shankar Prinja, Arun Kumar Aggarwal, Pankaj Bahuguna, Atul Sharma, Saroj Kumar Rana
Background & objectives: India aspires to achieve universal health coverage, which requires ensuring financial risk protection (FRP). This study was done to assess the extent of out-of-pocket (OOP) expenditure and FRP for hospitalization in Haryana State, India. Further, the determinants for FRP were also evaluated. Methods: Data collected as a part of a household level survey conducted in Haryana 'Concurrent Evaluation of National Rural Health Mission: Haryana Health Survey' were analyzed...
December 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650500/zika-reveals-india-s-risk-communication-challenges-and-needs
#13
Santosh Vijaykumar, Aravind Sesagiri Raamkumar
India's approach to disseminating information about the first three cases of the Zika virus was criticised nationally and internationally after the issue came to light in May 2017 through a World Health Organization news release. We analyse the incident from a risk communication perspective. This commentary recaps the events and synthesises key arguments put forth by the news media and public health stakeholders. We use Peter Sandman's risk = hazard + outrage framework - also adopted by India's risk communication planners - to analyse India's risk communication response and contextualise it against the mandate of the National Risk Communication Plan and Integrated Disease Surveillance Programme...
April 12, 2018: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626558/ensuring-childhood-vaccination-among-slums-dwellers-under-the-national-immunization-program-in-india-challenges-and-opportunities
#14
REVIEW
Sanjeev Singh, Damodar Sahu, Ashish Agrawal, Meeta Dhaval Vashi
AIMS: Almost, one third of the world's urban population resides in slums and the number would double by 2030. Slums denotes collection of people from various communities having a meagre income and living in unhygienic conditions thus making themselves most vulnerable for outbreaks of communicable diseases. India contributes substantially to the global disease burden and under-five mortality rates i.e. 20% attributable to vaccine preventable diseases. Immunization plays a crucial role in combating high childhood mortality rates attributable to vaccine preventable diseases across the globe...
July 2018: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621623/maritime-varicella-illness-and-death-reporting-u-s-2010-2015
#15
Marion E Rice, Millicent Bannerman, Mona Marin, Adriana S Lopez, Melissa M Lewis, Caroline E Stamatakis, Joanna J Regan
BACKGROUND: Ships destined for, or departing from, U.S. ports of entry must report certain signs and symptoms of potentially communicable diseases of public health interest among travelers to the Division of Global Migration and Quarantine (DGMQ) at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. METHODS: We reviewed ships' varicella case and outbreak reports from January 2010 through December 2015. RESULTS: DGMQ received 967 reports of varicella and 13 reports of herpes zoster...
April 3, 2018: Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611047/economic-studies-on-non-communicable-diseases-and-injuries-in-india-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Indrani Gupta, Arjun Roy
BACKGROUND: The burden from non-communicable diseases and injuries (NCDI) in India is increasing rapidly. With low public sector investment in the health sector generally, and a high financial burden on households for treatment, it is important that economic evidence is used to set priorities in the context of NCDI. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to understand the extent to which economic analysis has been used in India to (1) analyze the impact of NCDI and (2) evaluate prevention and treatment interventions...
June 2018: Applied Health Economics and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559022/post-flood-rapid-needs-assessment-in-srinagar-city-jammu-and-kashmir-state-india-september-2014
#17
Rajesh Yadav, Dundaiah Somashekar, Samir V Sodha, Kayla F Laserson, Srinivasa Venkatesh, Himanshu Chauhan
OBJECTIVES: Torrential rainfall and flooding from September 2-6, 2014 submerged >350 villages in Jammu and Kashmir state. We conducted rapid needs assessment in capital Srinagar from 27 September to 1 October to assess population health and safety needs. METHODS: Based on Community Assessment for Public Health Emergency Response (CASPER) methodology, we selected 7 households each from 30 census blocks using 2-stage cluster sampling. We collected information on demographics, needs, and illnesses using structured questionnaire...
March 21, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29518580/inequity-in-out-of-pocket-payments-for-hospitalisation-in-india-evidence-from-the-national-sample-surveys-1995-2014
#18
Anamika Pandey, Lynda Clarke, Lalit Dandona, George B Ploubidis
OBJECTIVE: We report inequity in out-of-pocket payments (OOPP) for hospitalisation in India between 1995 and 2014 contrasting older population (60 years or more) with a population under 60 years (younger population). METHODS: We used data from nationwide healthcare surveys conducted in India by the National Sample Survey Organisation in 1995-96, 2004 and 2014 with the sample sizes ranging from 333,104 to 629,888. We used generalised linear and fractional response models to study the determinants of OOPP and their burden (share of OOPP in household consumption expenditure) at a constant price...
March 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29499698/identification-of-priority-health-conditions-for-field-based-screening-in-urban-slums-in-bangalore-india
#19
Sarah Abdi, Avanti Wadugodapitiya, Sandra Bedaf, Carolin Elizabeth George, Gift Norman, Mark Hawley, Luc de Witte
BACKGROUND: Urban slums are characterised by unique challenging living conditions, which increase their inhabitants' vulnerability to specific health conditions. The identification and prioritization of the key health issues occurring in these settings is essential for the development of programmes that aim to enhance the health of local slum communities effectively. As such, the present study sought to identify and prioritise the key health issues occurring in urban slums, with a focus on the perceptions of health professionals and community workers, in the rapidly growing city of Bangalore, India...
March 2, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444688/twenty-years-of-home-based-palliative-care-in-malappuram-kerala-india-a-descriptive-study-of-patients-and-their-care-givers
#20
Rekha Rachel Philip, Sairu Philip, Jaya Prasad Tripathy, Abdulla Manima, Emilie Venables
BACKGROUND: The well lauded community-based palliative care programme of Kerala, India provides medical and social support, through home-based care, for patients with terminal illness and diseases requiring long-term support. There is, however, limited information on patient characteristics, caregivers and programme performance. This study was carried out to describe: i) the patients enrolled in the programme from 1996 to 2016 and their diagnosis, and ii) the care-giver characteristics and palliative care support from nurses and doctors in a cohort of patients registered during 2013-2015...
February 14, 2018: BMC Palliative Care
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