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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741967/iglarlixi-a-titratable-once-daily-fixed-ratio-combination-of-basal-insulin-and-lixisenatide-for-intensifying-type-2-diabetes-management-for-patients-inadequately-controlled-on-basal-insulin-with-or-without-oral-agents
#1
Neil Skolnik, Renell S Dupree, Eric L Johnson
BACKGROUND: Achieving and maintaining glycemic control is important for people with type 2 diabetes (T2D) in order to reduce disease-related complications and mortality; however, about half of US patients fail to meet glycemic targets. iGlarLixi, a titratable fixed-ratio combination of insulin glargine 100 U/mL (iGlar) and lixisenatide for once-daily administration, was recently approved by the US Food and Drug Administration for use in adults with T2D inadequately controlled on basal insulin (<60 U daily) or lixisenatide...
July 25, 2017: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741614/diet-and-risk-of-cholecystectomy-a-prospective-study-based-on-the-french-e3n-cohort
#2
Amélie Barré, Gaëlle Gusto, Claire Cadeau, Franck Carbonnel, Marie-Christine Boutron-Ruault
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to examine the relationship between diet and cholecystectomy risk, using three approaches, in a large French cohort. METHODS: In a prospective cohort study in French women who completed a food-frequency questionnaire at baseline, we analyzed diet with three approaches: food groups, dietary patterns obtained by factor analysis, and the Mediterranean diet score. The primary outcome was cholecystectomy. We used Cox proportional hazards regression to assess the relationship between diet and cholecystectomy risk, adjusting for the main potential confounders...
July 25, 2017: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741082/dietary-total-antioxidant-capacity-and-incidence-of-chronic-kidney-disease-in-subjects-with-dysglycemia-tehran-lipid-and-glucose-study
#3
Golaleh Asghari, Emad Yuzbashian, Sahar Shahemi, Zahra Gaeini, Parvin Mirmiran, Fereidoun Azizi
PURPOSE: We aimed to investigate the association of dietary total antioxidant capacity (TAC) with incidence of CKD in subjects with dysglycemia. METHODS: We followed-up 1179 subjects aged ≥30 years with dysglycemia from the Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study (TLGS) for 3 years, who were initially free of CKD. Dietary intakes of TAC, vitamin C, vitamin E, and β-carotene were assessed by a food-frequency questionnaire at the baseline. Dietary TAC was estimated using the oxygen radical absorbance capacity method...
July 24, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740352/long-term-irritable-bowel-syndrome-symptom-control-with-reintroduction-of-selected-fodmaps
#4
Ruth M Harvie, Alexandra W Chisholm, Jordan E Bisanz, Jeremy P Burton, Peter Herbison, Kim Schultz, Michael Schultz
AIM: To investigate the long-term effect of dietary education on a low fermentable oligosaccharide, disaccharide and polyol (FODMAP) diet on irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) symptoms and quality of life (QoL). METHODS: Participants with IBS (Rome III) were randomized to two groups. Group I commenced a low FODMAP diet at baseline. At three months, group II, so far a comparator group, crossed over to a low FODMAP diet while group I started re-challenging foods. All patients completed the IBS SSS (IBS symptom severity scoring system, 0-500 points increasing with severity), IBS QoL questionnaire (0-100 increasing with QoL), a FODMAP specific food frequency questionnaire and provided a stool sample at baseline, three and six months for microbiome analysis...
July 7, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739052/a-51-item-calcium-focused-food-frequency-questionnaire-is-a-reliable-tool-to-assess-dietary-calcium-intake-in-postmenopausal-women
#5
Angel M Ong, Hope A Weiler, Michelle Wall, David Goltzman, Susan J Whiting, Stella S Daskalopoulou, Suzanne N Morin
Given the lack in a valid biomarker to assess dietary calcium intake (dCai), reproducible estimation of usual dCai is crucial for better understanding of its interaction with health outcomes in specific populations. This study tested the hypothesis that a calcium-focused food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) may be used to estimate dCai of women ≥50 years residing in a multicultural environment (Montreal, Canada). One hundred and eight women (age, 63.1±7.7 years; 98% postmenopausal) completed the FFQ twice and 4 nonconsecutive 24-hour recalls (24HRs) over 1 month...
July 2017: Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739021/single-and-multiple-food-allergies-in-infants-with-proctocolitis
#6
B T Koksal, Z Barıs, F Ozcay, O Yilmaz Ozbek
BACKGROUND: Food protein-induced allergic proctocolitis is a frequent cause of rectal bleeding in infants. Characteristics of infants with multiple food allergies have not been defined. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to identify characteristics of infants with proctocolitis and compare infants with single and multiple food allergies. METHODS: A total of 132 infants with proctocolitis were evaluated retrospectively. All of the infants were diagnosed by a paediatric allergist and/or a paediatric gastroenterologist according to guidelines...
July 21, 2017: Allergologia et Immunopathologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738849/immune-suppression-of-igg-response-against-dairy-proteins-in-major-depression
#7
Leszek Rudzki, Dariusz Pawlak, Krystyna Pawlak, Napoleon Waszkiewicz, Aleksandra Małus, Beata Konarzewska, Mirosława Gałęcka, Anna Bartnicka, Lucyna Ostrowska, Agata Szulc
BACKGROUND: Interactions between the digestive system, brain functions and immunoglobulin G (IgG) mediated immunity against food antigens became recently a topic of growing interest in psychiatry research. Psychological stress can activate hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis (HPA) with subsequent hypercortisolemia. It can also influence intestinal permeability and dynamics of IgG response. Major depression can by accompanied either by activation of inflammatory response or by immune suppression (e...
July 24, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738701/association-of-the-bitter-taste-receptor-gene-tas2r38-polymorphism-rs713598-with-sensory-responsiveness-food-preferences-biochemical-parameters-and-body-composition-markers-a-cross-sectional-study-in-italy
#8
Simone Perna, Antonella Riva, Giada Nicosanti, Maura Carrai, Roberto Barale, Beatrice Vigo, Pietro Allegrini, Mariangela Rondanelli
This study examined the relationship between TAS2R38 gene polymorphism (RS713598), G/G, C/G or C/C genotype, and sensory responsiveness, food preferences, biochemical parameters and body composition in a cross-sectional study in 118 adults (24 men and 94 women). The frequencies of C/C, G/G and C/G were respectively 20.3%, 29.7% and 50.0%. As regards taste responsiveness, subjects with G-allele had a higher perception threshold than the C/C genotype for 6-n-propyl-2-thiouracil (PROP) (p < .05), and caffeine (p < ...
July 24, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736911/observational-study-of-adherence-to-a-traditional-mediterranean-diet-sociocultural-characteristics-and-cardiovascular-disease-risk-factors-of-older-greek-australians-from-mediterranean-islands-medis-australia-study-protocol-and-rationale
#9
Antonia Thodis, Catherine Itsiopoulos, Antigone Kouris-Blazos, Laima Brazionis, Stefanos Tyrovolas, Evangelos Polychronopoulos, Demosthenes B Panagiotakos
AIM: To describe the study protocol of the MEDiterranean ISlands-Australia (MEDIS-Australia) Study modelled on the MEDIS Study conducted in Greece. The present study aims to explore adherence to the traditional Mediterranean diet pattern, determine enablers and barriers to adherence, explore the definition of Greek cuisine, and associations between adherence to the diet pattern and risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD) and metabolic syndrome in older Greek Australians originally from Greek islands and Cyprus...
July 24, 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735316/biochar-rhizosphere-interactions-a-review
#10
Sławomir Głuszek, Lidia Sas Paszt, Beata Sumorok, Ryszard Kozera
Biochar is a solid material of biological origin obtained from the biomass carbonization, designed as a mean to reduce greenhouse gases emission and carbon sequestration in soils for a long time. Biochar has a wide spectrum of practical utilization and is applied as a promising soil improver or fertilizer in agriculture, or as a medium for soil or water remediation. Preparations of biochar increase plant growth and yielding when applied into soil and also improve plant growth conditions, mainly bio, physical and chemical properties of soil...
July 6, 2017: Polish Journal of Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735009/serotonergic-network-in-the-subesophageal-zone-modulates-the-motor-pattern-for-food-intake-in-drosophila
#11
Andreas Schoofs, Sebastian Hückesfeld, Michael J Pankratz
The functional organization of central motor circuits underlying feeding behaviors is not well understood. We have combined electrophysiological and genetic approaches to investigate the regulatory networks upstream of the motor program underlying food intake in the Drosophila larval central nervous system. We discovered that the serotonergic network of the CNS is able to set the motor rhythm frequency of pharyngeal pumping. Pharmacological experiments verified that modulation of the feeding motor pattern is based on the release of serotonin...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Insect Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734553/dietary-inflammatory-index-and-liver-status-in-subjects-with-different-adiposity-levels-within-the-predimed-trial
#12
Irene Cantero, Itziar Abete, Nancy Babio, Fernando Arós, Dolores Corella, Ramón Estruch, Montse Fitó, James R Hebert, M Ángel Martínez-González, Xavier Pintó, M Puy Portillo, Miguel Ruiz-Canela, Nitin Shivappa, Julia Wärnberg, Enrique Gómez-Gracia, J Antoni Tur, Jordi Salas-Salvadó, M Angeles Zulet, J Alfredo Martínez
BACKGROUND & AIMS: To assess the possible association between a validated Dietary Inflammatory Index (DII) and specific dietary components with suitable non-invasive markers of liver status in overweight and obese subjects within the PREDIMED study. METHODS: A cross-sectional study encompassing 794 randomized overweight and obese participants (mean ± SD age: 67.0 ± 5.0 y, 55% females) from the PREDIMED (PREvención con DIeta MEDiterránea) trial was conducted...
July 6, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733891/consequences-of-bisphenol-a-perinatal-exposure-on-immune-responses-and-gut-barrier-function-in-mice
#13
Yann Malaisé, Sandrine Ménard, Christel Cartier, Corinne Lencina, Caroline Sommer, Eric Gaultier, Eric Houdeau, Laurence Guzylack-Piriou
The potent immunomodulatory effect of the endocrine disruptor bisphenol A during development and consequences during life span are of increasing concern. Particular interests have been raised from animal studies regarding the risk of developing food intolerance and infection. We aimed to identify immune disorders in mice triggered by perinatal exposure to bisphenol A. Gravid mice were orally exposed to bisphenol (50 μg/kg body weight/day) from day 15 of pregnancy until weaning. Gut barrier function, local and systemic immunity were assessed in adult female offspring...
July 21, 2017: Archives of Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733149/a-comprehensive-pain-assessment-tool-compat-for-chronic-pancreatitis-development-face-validation-and-pilot-evaluation
#14
K Teo, M H Johnson, A M Drewes, J A Windsor
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Chronic pancreatitis (CP) pain is challenging to treat. Treatment selection is hampered by there being no validated pain assessment tool that accounts for the complexity of CP pain and its underlying mechanisms. This study aims to develop a comprehensive pain assessment tool (COMPAT) specific for CP, evaluate its face validity with experts and patients and test it with a pilot cohort of patients. METHODS: COMPAT was developed from existing pain assessment tools and a literature review...
July 8, 2017: Pancreatology: Official Journal of the International Association of Pancreatology (IAP) ... [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732431/the-efficacy-of-oral-immunotherapy-in-patients-with-cow-s-milk-allergy
#15
Mohsen Ebrahimi, Mohammad Gharagozlou, Ali Mohebbi, Nasim Hafezi, Gholamreza Azizi, Masoud Movahedi
Cow's milk allergy is the most common type of food allergy that decrease the quality of life of patients and their families. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of oral immunotherapy in patients with cow's milk allergy. 14 patients above 3 years of age with a history of cow's milk allergy confirmed by positive double blind placebo controlled food challenge (DBPCFC) test, presence of serum IgE against cow's milk and positive SPT (skin prick test) were enrolled in this study. During the immunotherapy all patients received increasing amounts of cow's milk during three phases...
June 2017: Iranian Journal of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731642/utility-of-a-brief-index-to-measure-diet-quality-of-australian-preschoolers-in-the-feeding-healthy-food-to-kids-randomised-controlled-trial
#16
Kerith Duncanson, Yu Qi Lee, Tracy Burrows, Clare Collins
AIM: The aim was to evaluate the utility of a brief dietary intake assessment tool in measuring nutritional adequacy of preschoolers and differences in food and nutrient intake between quartiles stratified by overall diet quality. METHODS: Dietary intakes of preschoolers (n = 146) from the Feeding Healthy Food to Kids trial were reported by parents/caregivers using a 120-item food frequency questionnaire (FFQ). Diet quality was assessed using the Australian Recommended Food Score for Preschoolers...
April 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731609/dietary-sodium-and-potassium-intake-and-their-association-with-blood-pressure-in-a-non-hypertensive-iranian-adult-population-isfahan-salt-study
#17
Noushin Mohammadifard, Arsalan Khaledifar, Alireza Khosravi, Fatemeh Nouri, Ali Pourmoghadas, Awat Feizi, Ahmad Esmaillzadeh, Nizal Sarrafzadegan
AIM: The association of sodium (Na) and potassium (K) intake with blood pressure (BP) is an ongoing debate, especially in central Iran. We aimed to examine the mean Na and K intake, major sources of Na and the relationship between BP and dietary and urinary Na and K. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was performed in central Iran in 2013-2014. A total of 796 non-hypertensive adults aged >18 years were randomly recruited. The semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire was used to assess dietary Na and K intake...
July 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731606/feasibility-of-home-based-dietetic-intervention-to-improve-the-nutritional-status-of-older-adults-post-hospital-discharge
#18
Aliza Haslinda Hamirudin, Karen Walton, Karen Charlton, Amanda Carrie, Linda Tapsell, Marianna Milosavljevic, Glen Pang, Jan Potter
AIM: To determine if a model of home-based dietetic care improves dietary intake and weight status in a specific group of older adults post-hospitalisation. METHODS: The Department of Veterans' Affairs clients aged 65 years and over were recruited from hospitals in a regional area of New South Wales, Australia (n = 32 men, n = 36 women). Nutritional status was assessed at home at baseline (within two weeks post-discharge) and three months post-discharge using a diet history, a food frequency checklist and Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA)...
July 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731552/development-of-food-lists-as-a-first-step-to-develop-a-food-frequency-questionnaire-for-toddlers-in-a-multi-ethnic-population
#19
Farya Mubarik, Kalpana Bhaskaran, Stephanie Kho, Carel Vereijken, Smita Nambiar, Simone Eussen, Leilani Muhardi
AIM: Toddlerhood is an important stage of growth, thus understanding the food intake of children in this age group is important. In Singapore, there is currently no simple tool, such as Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ), to collect dietary information from this ethnically diverse age group. Generating an appropriate food list is a crucial step in the development of a FFQ and this step is not clearly documented in the literature. The purpose of this study is to generate food lists and portion sizes for toddlers from three major ethnic groups in Singapore and document the processes involved in this first stage...
February 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731359/western-dietary-pattern-is-associated-with-severe-coronary-artery-disease
#20
Evangelos Oikonomou, Theodora Psaltopoulou, Georgios Georgiopoulos, Gerasimos Siasos, Eleni Kokkou, Alexios Antonopoulos, Georgia Vogiatzi, Sotirios Tsalamandris, Vassiliki Gennimata, Aggelos Papanikolaou, Dimitris Tousoulis
The independent predictive value of an unhealthy diet on the severity of coronary artery disease (CAD) requires further investigation. We assessed the impact of dietary pattern on CAD severity. In this cohort study, we included 188 symptomatic stable patients with CAD. Patients were categorized as having severe CAD or nonsevere CAD by coronary angiography. Among several demographics and clinical characteristics, all patients were tested using a semiquantitative food frequency questionnaire. Concerning baseline demographic characteristics, there was no difference between patients with severe CAD and nonsevere CAD...
January 1, 2017: Angiology
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