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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550491/influence-of-diet-on-the-course-of-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#1
Laura Tasson, Cristina Canova, Maria Grazia Vettorato, Edoardo Savarino, Renzo Zanotti
BACKGROUND: While the importance of diet in the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is generally recognized, influence of food on the course of IBD is little understood. AIM: The purpose of this study was to assess the association between food intake and course of disease in patients with IBD. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional study on 103 adult patients (50 with active disease and 53 in remission, divided by their calprotectin level), who completed a food frequency questionnaire on their intake of several foods over 1 year...
May 26, 2017: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549655/experimental-winter-warming-modifies-thermal-performance-and-primes-acorn-ants-for-warm-weather
#2
Heidi J MacLean, Clint A Penick, Robert R Dunn, Sarah E Diamond
The frequency of warm winter days is increasing under global climate change, but how organisms respond to warmer winters is not well understood. Most studies focus on growing season responses to warming. Locomotor performance is often highly sensitive to temperature, and can determine fitness outcomes through a variety of mechanisms including resource acquisition and predator escape. As a consequence, locomotor performance, and its impacts on fitness, may be strongly affected by winter warming in winter-active species...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Insect Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548564/eating-habits-and-food-additive-intakes-are-associated-with-emotional-states-based-on-eeg-and-hrv-in-healthy-korean-children-and-adolescents
#3
Jin Young Kim, Hye Lim Kang, Dae-Keun Kim, Seung Wan Kang, Yoo Kyoung Park
PURPOSE: Recent study suggests that psychological issues and eating habits are closely related. In this study, we aimed to find the association between eating habits and intakes of artificial sweeteners with emotional states of schoolchildren using quantitatively analyzing objective biosignals. METHODS: The study was conducted at the National Standard Reference Data Center for Korean EEG as a cross-sectional study. Three hundred eighteen healthy children who have not been diagnosed with neurologic or psychiatric disorders were evaluated (168 girls and 150 boys; mean age of 11...
May 26, 2017: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547758/ghrelin-receptors-mediate-ghrelin-induced-excitation-of-agrp-npy-but-not-pomc-neurons
#4
Shao-Rui Chen, Hong Chen, Jing-Jing Zhou, Geetali Pradhan, Yuxiang Sun, Hui-Lin Pan, De-Pei Li
Ghrelin increases food intake and body weight by stimulating orexigenic AgRP/NPY neurons and inhibiting anoexic POMC neurons in the hypothalamus. Growth hormone secretagogue receptor (Ghsr) mediates the effect of ghrelin on feeding behavior and energy homeostasis. However, the role of Ghsr in the ghrelin effect on these two populations of neurons is unclear. We hypothesized that Ghsr mediates the effect of ghrelin on AgRP and POMC neurons. In this study, we determined whether Ghsr similarly mediates the effects of ghrelin on AgRP/NPY and POMC neurons using cell type-specific Ghsr-knockout mice...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Neurochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545458/determinants-of-eating-at-local-and-western-fast-food-venues-in-an-urban-asian-population-a-mixed-methods-approach
#5
Nasheen Naidoo, Rob M van Dam, Sheryl Ng, Chuen Seng Tan, Shiqi Chen, Jia Yi Lim, Mei Fen Chan, Ling Chew, Salome A Rebello
BACKGROUND: Like several Southeast Asian countries, Singapore has a complex eating-out environment and a rising eating-out prevalence. However the determinants and drivers of eating-out in urban Asian environments are poorly understood. METHODS: We examined the socio-demographic characteristics of persons who frequently ate away from home in local eateries called hawker centres and Western fast-food restaurants, using data from 1647 Singaporean adults participating in the National Nutrition Survey (NNS) 2010...
May 25, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545191/%C3%A2-mate%C3%A2-intake-hormone-based-risk-factors-and-breast-cancer-a-case-control-study
#6
Alvaro L Ronco, Edison Espinosa, Juan M Calderon, Eduardo Lasalvia- Galante, Alejandro De Rosa, Gustavo Sanchez
Previous reports on the inverse association between ‘mate’ intake (infusion of Ilex Paraguariensis herb) and breast cancer (BC) risk led us to consider two main roles for the infusion: as a substantial antioxidant contributor and as a hormone regulator, particularly through anti-aromatase capacities. Since menstrual-reproductive risk factors for BC reflect women’s estrogenic exposure during the reproductive lifespan, and considering that ‘mate’ intake exerts putative stronger protection among high antioxidant contributors, we attempted to analyze interactions among the infusion, hormon-linked reproductive factors and BC risk, which have hitherto remained unexplored...
April 1, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544794/inflammatory-potential-of-diet-weight-gain-and-incidence-of-overweight-obesity-the-sun-cohort
#7
Raúl Ramallal, Estefanía Toledo, J Alfredo Martínez, Nitin Shivappa, James R Hébert, Miguel A Martínez-González, Miguel Ruiz-Canela
OBJECTIVE: This study prospectively assessed the association of the inflammatory potential of a diet using the dietary inflammatory index (DII) with average yearly weight changes and incident overweight/obesity. METHODS: Seven thousand and twenty-seven university graduates with body mass index <25 from the Seguimiento Universidad de Navarra (SUN) cohort were followed up during a median of 8.1 years. The DII, a validated tool based on scientific evidence to appraise the relationship between dietary parameters and inflammatory biomarkers, was used...
June 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544702/within-person-reproducibility-and-sensitivity-to-dietary-change-of-c15-0-and-c17-0-levels-in-dried-blood-spots-data-from-the-european-food4me-study
#8
Viviana Albani, Carlos Celis-Morales, Clare B O'Donovan, Marianne C Walsh, Clara Woolhead, Hannah Forster, Rosalind Fallaize, Anna L Macready, Cyril F M Marsaux, Santiago Navas-Carretero, Rodrigo San-Cristobal, Silvia Kolossa, Christina Mavrogianni, Christina P Lambrinou, George Moschonis, Magdalena Godlewska, Agnieszka Surwillo, Iwona Traczyk, Thomas E Gundersen, Christian A Drevon, Hannelore Daniel, Yannis Manios, J Alfredo Martinez, Wim H M Saris, Julie A Lovegrove, Michael J Gibney, Eileen R Gibney, John C Mathers, Ashley J Adamson, Lorraine Brennan
SCOPE: Previous work highlighted the potential of odd-chain length saturated fatty acids as potential markers of dairy intake. The aim of this study was to assess the reproducibility of these biomarkers and their sensitivity to changes in dairy intake. METHODS AND RESULTS: Fatty acid profiles and dietary intakes from food frequency questionnaires (FFQs) were measured three times over six months in the Food4Me Study. Reproducibility was explored through intra-class correlation coefficients (ICCs) and within-subject coefficients of variation (WCV)...
May 24, 2017: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542407/the-influence-of-persistent-organic-pollutants-in-the-traditional-inuit-diet-on-markers-of-inflammation
#9
L K Schæbel, E C Bonefeld-Jørgensen, H Vestergaard, S Andersen
Concentrations of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) are high in Inuit living predominately on the traditional marine diet. Adverse effects of POPs include disruption of the immune system and cardiovascular diseases that are frequent in Greenland Inuit. We aimed to assess the association between exposure to POPs from the marine diet and inflammation, taking into account other factors such as vitamin D. We invited Inuit and non-Inuit living in settlements or the town in rural East Greenland or in the capital city Nuuk...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542391/effectiveness-of-facility-based-personalized-maternal-nutrition-counseling-in-improving-child-growth-and-morbidity-up-to-18-months-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial-in-rural-burkina-faso
#10
Laetitia Nikièma, Lieven Huybregts, Yves Martin-Prevel, Philippe Donnen, Hermann Lanou, Joep Grosemans, Priscilla Offoh, Michèle Dramaix-Wilmet, Blaise Sondo, Dominique Roberfroid, Patrick Kolsteren
The period from conception to 24 months of age is a crucial window for nutrition interventions. Personalized maternal counseling may improve childbirth outcomes, growth, and health. We assessed the effectiveness of facility-based personalized maternal nutrition counseling (from pregnancy to 18 months after birth) in improving child growth and health in rural Burkina Faso. We conducted a paired cluster randomized controlled trial in a rural district of Burkina Faso with 12 primary health centers (clusters). Healthcare providers in the intervention centers received patient-centered communication and nutrition counseling training...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542218/seasonal-and-individual-variation-in-the-use-of-rail-associated-food-attractants-by-grizzly-bears-ursus-arctos-in-a-national-park
#11
Maureen H Murray, Sarah Fassina, John B Hopkins, Jesse Whittington, Colleen C St Clair
Similar to vehicles on roadways, trains frequently kill wildlife via collisions along railways. Despite the prevalence of this mortality worldwide, little is known about the relative importance of wildlife attractants associated with railways, including spilled agricultural products, enhanced vegetation, invertebrates, and carcasses of rail-killed ungulates. We assessed the relative importance of several railway attractants to a provincially-threatened population of grizzly bears (Ursus arctos) in Banff and Yoho National Parks, Canada, for which rail-caused mortality has increased in recent decades without known cause...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542079/adherence-to-mediterranean-diet-and-risk-of-gastric-cancer-results-of-a-case-control-study-in-italy
#12
Jovana Stojanovic, Luca Giraldi, Dario Arzani, Roberta Pastorino, Alberto Biondi, Roberto Persiani, Stefania Boccia, Emanuele Leoncini
The aim of this study is to evaluate the association between adherence to Mediterranean diet (MD) and gastric cancer (GC). A case-control study was carried out at the Fondazione Policlinico 'A. Gemelli' (Rome, Italy) from 2003 to 2015. A total of 223 incident cases and 223 controls were interviewed. Dietary intake was assessed through a validated food frequency questionnaire that collected information on more than 25 food items. The association between adherence to MD and risk of GC was quantified by calculating Odds Ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI)...
May 24, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541831/genotoxicity-and-antigenotoxicity-assessments-of-the-flavonoid-vitexin-by-the-drosophila-melanogaster-somatic-mutation-and-recombination-test
#13
Liliane Menezes Fernandes, Zaira da Rosa Guterres, Igor Vivian Almeida, Veronica Elisa Pimenta Vicentini
Vitexin is a C-glycosylated flavone found in various medicinal plants with several proven biological properties such as anti-inflammatory, antispasmodic, antimicrobial, cytotoxic, and antioxidant activities. Considering that the human population consumes many foods that contain this flavonoid, the objective of this study was to investigate the genotoxic and the antigenotoxic potentials of vitexin by the SMART (Somatic Mutation and Recombination Test) in Drosophila melanogaster wings, in vivo. To evaluate the genotoxic activity, larvae obtained from standard (ST) and high bioactivation (HB) crosses were chronically treated with different concentrations of vitexin (0...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Medicinal Food
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540430/physical-activity-level-significantly-affects-the-survival-of-patients-with-end-stage-lung-disease-on-a-waiting-list-for-lung-transplantation
#14
Teruya Komatsu, Ayako Oshima, Toyofumi F Chen-Yoshikawa, Shin-Ichi Harashima, Akihiro Aoyama, Nobuya Inagaki, Hiroshi Date
PURPOSE: Our objective was to investigate the factors predicting the survival of patients on the waiting list for lung transplantation (LT) during the waiting period, with a special emphasis on the physical activity level. METHODS: The study included 70 patients with end-stage pulmonary disease who were on the waiting list for LT at Kyoto University Hospital. We examined the association between the baseline characteristics, including the body mass index and body composition, serum albumin, serum C-reactive protein (CRP), steroid administration, physical activity level (calculated by the food frequency questionnaire) and survival during the waiting period using Kaplan-Meier curves and Cox proportional hazard regression models...
May 24, 2017: Surgery Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539378/dietary-acid-load-and-mortality-among-japanese-men-and-women-the-japan-public-health-center-based-prospective-study
#15
Shamima Akter, Akiko Nanri, Tetsuya Mizoue, Mitsuhiko Noda, Norie Sawada, Shizuka Sasazuki, Shoichiro Tsugane
Background: Diet-induced metabolic acidosis has been linked to cardiometabolic abnormalities including hypertension and type 2 diabetes. However, there are limited data on its association with other chronic diseases and mortality.Objective: The present study aimed to examine the association between dietary acid load and total and cause-specific mortality.Design: This study was a large-scale, population-based, prospective cohort study in Japan involving 42,736 men and 49,742 women, aged 45-75 y, who had no history of cancer, stroke, ischemic heart disease (IHD), or chronic liver disease at baseline...
May 24, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538927/feasibility-of-using-of-a-simplified-question-in-assessing-diet-quality-of-adolescents
#16
Paulo Rogério Melo Rodrigues, Regina Maria Veras Gonçalves-Silva, Márcia Gonçalves Ferreira, Rosangela Alves Pereira
This study aims to analyze the applicability of a simplified question in assessing diet quality of adolescents in a cross-sectional school-based study carried out in a sample of high school students. Diet quality self-perception was obtained when the participant was inquired about own diet considering "excellent", "good", "fair" or "poor" responses. We evaluated meals habits and food intake through food frequency questionnaire. The revised version of the Brazilian Healthy Eating Index (BHEI-R) was estimated and we identified three dietary patterns using factor analysis...
May 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538875/particular-characteristics-of-atopic-eczema-in-tropical-environments-the-tropical-environment-control-for-chronic-eczema-and-molecular-assessment-teccema-cohort-study
#17
Jorge Sánchez, Andrés Sánchez, Ricardo Cardona
Background: Atopic dermatitis is a prevalent health problem in the world. Allergic sensitization is an important risk factor, but the roles of other factors, inherent in tropic region, are unknown. Objective: A cohort study was designed in a tropical city to investigate molecular and environmental risk factors for eczema, considering as particular features perennial exposure to mites, poor living conditions and others tropical characteristics. Methods: 433 patients were included at baseline and biological samples were collected during 24 months of follow-up...
March 2017: Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538798/-analysis-of-tv-food-advertising-in-the-context-of-recommendations-by-the-food-guide-for-the-brazilian-population
#18
Emanuella Gomes Maia, Bruna Vieira de Lima Costa, Francielly de Souza Coelho, Julia Soares Guimarães, Rafaela Garcia Fortaleza, Rafael Moreira Claro
This study aimed to analyze TV food advertising in Brazil based on the recommendations of the Food Guide for the Brazilian Population, 2014. Programming from the four most popular TV channels was recorded on two non-consecutive days in January 2014. The commercials were categorized in (i) foods and beverages, (ii) restaurants, and (iii) non-food services, goods, and products, with those in the first category subdivided according to recommendations in the food guide. The commercials' categories were described by means of their frequency (and 95% confidence interval), for all the records and according to the day of the week...
May 18, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538577/in-depth-review-of-symptoms-triggers-and-treatment-of-occipital-migraine-headaches-site-iv
#19
Mona Ascha, David E Kurlander, Abdus Sattar, James Gatherwright, Bahman Guyuron
BACKGROUND: This study reports the surgical technique and efficacy of deactivation of occipital-triggered migraine headaches. In addition, it reports the effect of surgical deactivation of occipital-triggered migraine headaches on migraine triggers and associated symptoms other than pain. METHODS: One hundred ninety-five patients undergoing surgery for occipital-triggered migraine headaches performed by a single surgeon, and followed for at least 1 year, were analyzed...
June 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537330/-eating-together-is-associated-with-food-behaviors-and-demographic-factors-of-older-japanese-people-who-live-alone
#20
M Ishikawa, Y Takemi, T Yokoyama, K Kusama, Y Fukuda, T Nakaya, M Nozue, N Yoshiike, K Yoshiba, F Hayashi, N Murayama
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine the relationships between eating together and subjective health, frailty, food behaviors, food accessibility, food production, meal preparation, alcohol intake, socioeconomic factors and geography among older Japanese people who live alone. DESIGN: A cross-sectional, multilevel survey was designed. The questionnaire was distributed by post and self-completed by participants. SETTING: The sample was drawn from seven towns and cities across Japan...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
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