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Food frequency

Edgar Denova-Gutiérrez, Paloma Muñoz-Aguirre, Nitin Shivappa, James R Hébert, Lizbeth Tolentino-Mayo, Carolina Batis, Simón Barquera
Diet and inflammation are both associated with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). In the present study, we aimed to assess the relation between the dietary inflammatory index (DII) and the presence of T2DM in Mexican adults participating in the Diabetes Mellitus Survey administered in Mexico City (DMS-MC). The study involved 1174 subjects (48.5% men) between 20-69 years of age. A validated semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire was employed to evaluate dietary intake and to compute DII. The DII is based on scientific evidence about the association between dietary compounds and six established inflammatory biomarkers...
March 21, 2018: Nutrients
Alessandro Fiocchi, Lamia Dahdah, Vincenzo Fierro, Maria C Artesani, Rocco Valluzzi
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The epidemiology of food allergy did inspire theories on the reasons for the recent surge of the disease. We offer here a reasoned review on the relationships between the trajectories of human development and the trend of the food allergy epidemics. RECENT FINDINGS: The exponential trend of the frequency of food allergy paralleled the explosive acceleration of the human development over the last few decades. Dietary factors have been indicated as responsible for these trends and targeted for potential preventive strategies...
March 20, 2018: Current Opinion in Allergy and Clinical Immunology
E J Ndebia, A M Sammon, E Umapathy, J E Iputo
Reflux in this region of South Africa is known to be more frequent and less acidic than in other countries. We investigated the relationship between reflux and diet. We recruited 57 healthy participants. We carried out ambulant oesophageal pH-impedance monitoring for 24 hours. We used software and visual review to analyse data and to identify episodes of reflux and rapid alkaline rises in the stomach. A usual pattern diet questionnaire provided data on frequency of consumption of common foods. Associations between reflux, gastric pH and dietary components were sought using analysis of variance, and regression analyses...
July 2017: Acta Gastro-enterologica Belgica
Digvijayini Bundhun, Sillma Rampadarath, Daneshwar Puchooa, Rajesh Jeewon
The purpose of the study was to explore the dietary intake, fruit, vegetable and energy intake and lifestyle behaviors among Mauritian children. A validated questionnaire was used, assessing dietary intake, mean energy intake, mean body mass index (BMI), lifestyle behaviors as well as nutritional knowledge (NK) among males and females. 336 children aged 6-12 years (165 males and 171 females) from 8 public primary schools were recruited. Statistical analyses revealed that children consumed less nutritious foods such as fruits, vegetables and whole grains and more of refined and calorie-laden foods, with no significant differences across genders...
February 2018: Heliyon
Kenji Kikuchi, Mark A Stremler, Souvick Chatterjee, Wah-Keat Lee, Osamu Mochizuki, John J Socha
Mosquitoes transport liquid foods into the body using two muscular pumps in the head. In normal drinking, these pumps reciprocate in a stereotyped pattern of oscillation, with a high frequency but small stroke volume. Do mosquitoes modulate their neuromotor programs for pumping to produce different drinking modes? More broadly, what are the mechanical consequences of a two-pump system in insects? To address these questions, we used synchrotron x-ray imaging and fluid mechanical modeling to investigate drinking performance in mosquitoes...
March 20, 2018: Scientific Reports
Ozge Selin Cevik, Leyla Sahin, Lulufer Tamer
AIM: The type and duration of exposure to stress is an important influence on emotional and cognitive functions. Learning is the adaptive response of the central nervous system that occurs in hippocampus which affects from environmental factors like exercise. In this study, we investigated effects of long term treadmill exercise on learning and behavior on chronic social isolated rat. MAIN METHODS: Male Wistar rats (n = 32) randomly assigned into four groups: control, exercised, social isolation, social isolation + exercise during postnatal days (PNDs) 21-34...
March 17, 2018: Life Sciences
Leslie Citrome
Tardive dyskinesia (TD) is an iatrogenic movement disorder caused by exposure to dopamine receptor blocking agents. Two vesicular monoamine transporter type 2 (VMAT2) inhibitors for the treatment of TD were approved by the US Food and Drug Administration in 2017: valbenazine and deutetrabenazine. Areas covered: A brief review of TD and its identification, as well as a review of older treatment interventions is provided, followed by a detailed synthesis regarding the clinical utility of valbenazine and deutetrabenazine...
March 20, 2018: Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics
Alireza Ghaemi, Narjes Hosseini, Saeed Osati, Mohammad Mehdi Naghizadeh, Azizallah Dehghan, Elham Ehrampoush, Behnam Honarvar, Reza Homayounfar
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is an example of pathological fat accumulation in the liver and one of the major health conditions in the world. This study aimed to examine the independent role of dietary patterns in the development of NAFLD. In a cross-sectional study, 1500 individuals referred to a nutrition clinic were randomly selected, their demographic, anthropometric and blood metabolic indices were obtained, and food frequency questionnaires were completed for them. Liver stiffness was calculated using the NAFLD score formula and fibroscan...
March 19, 2018: Scientific Reports
Lauren E Au, Klara Gurzo, Wendi Gosliner, Karen L Webb, Patricia B Crawford, Lorrene D Ritchie
BACKGROUND: Research on the association between school meal consumption and overall dietary intake post-Healthy Hunger-Free Kids Act implementation is limited. OBJECTIVE: This study examines the association between frequency of participating in the National School Lunch and School Breakfast Programs and children's dietary intakes. DESIGN: The Healthy Communities Study was a cross-sectional observational study conducted between 2013 and 2015...
March 16, 2018: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
Ane Storch Jakobsen, Helene Speyer, Hans Christian Brix Nørgaard, Mette Karlsen, Carsten Hjorthøj, Jesper Krogh, Ole Mors, Merete Nordentoft, Ulla Toft
OBJECTIVES: People with severe mental disorders die 10-25years earlier than people in the Western background population, mainly due to lifestyle related diseases, with cardiovascular disease (CVD) being the most frequent cause of death. Major contributors to this excess morbidity and mortality are unhealthy lifestyle factors including tobacco smoking, unhealthy eating habits and lower levels of physical activity. The aim of this study was to investigate the dietary habits and levels of physical activity in people with schizophrenia spectrum disorders and overweight and to compare the results with the current recommendations and with results from the general Danish population...
March 16, 2018: Schizophrenia Research
Ryoma Michishita, Masanori Ohta, Masaharu Ikeda, Ying Jiang, Hiroshi Yamato
AIM: This study was designed to examine the associations between an exaggerated systolic blood pressure (SBP) response to exercise and the nutrient intake in normotensive subjects. METHODS: The subjects consisted of 302 normotensive subjects (64 males and 238 females; age, 48.4 ± 11.3 years) without a history of cardiovascular disease or stroke who were not taking any medications. Each subject performed a multistage graded submaximal exercise stress test using an electric bicycle ergometer, and their blood pressure was measured at rest and during the last minute of each stage...
March 19, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
Huiling DI, Sisi Liang, Qingyang Li, Lei Shi, Ayaka Shima, Hecheng Meng, He Yan, Shinji Yamasaki
Bacteria of the genus Providencia are opportunistic pathogens of clinical significance due to their association with diarrhea and urinary tract infections. The present study was conducted to examine the prevalence and antimicrobial resistance of Providencia spp. in retail meats sold in Guangzhou, China and Osaka, Japan. Out of 158 meat samples including beef, pork and chicken, 67 Providencia (42%) belonging to four species viz., P.alcalifaciens, P. rustigianii, P. stuartii and P. rettgeri were isolated, and most of them were resistant to tetracycline (91%) followed by ampicillin (69%) and streptomycin (49%)...
March 19, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
Chuan-Zhi Kang, Wan-Zhen Yang, Ge Mo, Li Zhou, Jing-Yi Jiang, Chao-Geng Lv, Sheng Wang, Tao Zhou, Ye Yang, Lan-Ping Guo
The traditional sulfur fumigation processing method has been widely used in the initial processing and storage of traditional Chinese medicinal materials due to its economy, efficiency, convenience, high operability and effect on mold and insect prevention. However, excessive sulfur fumigation of traditional Chinese medicinal materials would lead to the changes in chemical compositions, and even endanger human health. This study showed that traditional Chinese medicinal materials were sulfur fumigated directly after being harvested for quick drying, or fumigated after being weted in the storage process for preventing mold and insects...
January 2018: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
Dipen D Patel, Marta Rosenberg, Laura Rosenberg, Guillermo Foncerrada, Clark R Andersen, Karel D Capek, Jesus Leal, Jong O Lee, Carlos Jimenez, Ludwik Branski, Walter J Meyer, David N Herndon
INTRODUCTION: Children 5 and younger are at risk for sustaining serious burn injuries. The causes of burns vary depending on demographic, cultural and socioeconomic variables. At this pediatric burn center we provided medical care to children from Mexico with severe injuries. The purpose of this study was to understand the impact of demographic distribution and modifiable risk factors of burns in young children to help guide prevention. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed with children 5 and younger from Mexico who were injured from 2000-2013...
March 7, 2018: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
T Kiskova, V Demeckova, Z Jendzelovska, M Kiktava, K Venglovska, M Bohmdorfer, W Jager, T Thalhammer
Resveratrol (RES) is well known natural polyphenol with proven antioxidant, antiinflammatory and anticarcinogenic properties. Since mode of application may be important for cancer-preventive effects of RES, the aim of this study was to evaluate a possible delay in the initiation and progression of chemically induced mammary carcinogenesis in female Sprague-Dawley rats after the nocturnal administration of RES. Application of a high dose of RES (100 mg/kg body weight), starting 2 weeks before the first N-methyl-N-nitrosourea dose (NMU) (50 mg/kg body weight), reduced tumor incidence and markedly prolonged latency period (P < 0...
December 2017: Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology: An Official Journal of the Polish Physiological Society
Marilena Aiello, Elisabetta Ambron, Roberta Situlin, Francesco Foroni, Gianni Biolo, Raffaella I Rumiati
Impulsivity, conceptualized as impulsive personality trait, poor inhibitory control and enhanced reward sensitivity, has been strongly linked to obesity. In particular, a disequilibrium between cognitive control and reward sensitivity has been observed in obese individuals in both behavioural and imaging studies. While this issue has been widely investigated in children and adults, it has received little attention in older adults. Here, obese and non-obese participants aged between 40 and 70 years completed the Barratt Impulsiveness scale (assessing motor, non-planning and attentional impulsiveness), a Go/no-go task with foods and non-foods (assessing inhibitory control) and a reward sensitivity battery with high and low caloric foods (assessing liking, wanting, tastiness and frequency of consumption)...
March 15, 2018: Brain and Cognition
Daniela Schneid Schuh, Lucia Campos Pellanda, Idris Guessous, Pedro Marques-Vidal
Adherence to dietary guidelines is associated with significantly better health outcomes. Studies across the world shows that compliance with the guidelines was low, but data in Switzerland are lacking. Hence, we aimed to assess the 5-year trends in dietary compliance regarding food guidelines in Switzerland in a prospective, population-based observational study. Data from 2882 participants (1591 women, 35-75 years), from the first (2009-2012) and second (2014-2017) follow-up. Dietary intake was assessed using a validated food frequency questionnaire...
March 14, 2018: Preventive Medicine
Oliviero Bruni, Stefania Sette, Marco Angriman, Emma Baumgartner, Lara Selvaggini, Cristina Belli, Raffaele Ferri
OBJECTIVES: To identify different profiles of pediatric insomnia, based on the most frequent clinical presentations (nocturnal awakenings, difficulty in falling asleep, nocturnal restlessness, early morning awakenings). STUDY DESIGN: A structured parent interview was conducted in 338 children (mean age 21.29 months, SD 10.56) referred by pediatricians because of insomnia resistant to behavioral approaches and common drug treatments. The aim was to assess the characteristics of insomnia in children, together with family sleep-related history...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
Kandy Bahadur, Shilpa Pai, Estherline Thoby, Anna Petrova
Food insecurity (FI) has been recognized as a public challenge not only for developing countries but also for the U.S. POPULATION: The present study was designed to identify the prevalence of FI and the association of household FI with the health status of pediatric patients seen at a Federally Qualified Health Center in New Jersey which provides health care mainly for Latino patients. Patients were included if they were screened for FI at their well visits during a 4-month period following implementation of the 2-item screening tool recommended by American Academy of Pediatrics...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Community Health
Heather R Gilbertson, Kristen Reed, Sarah Clark, Kate L Francis, Fergus J Cameron
To understand what children with type 1 diabetes in a representative tertiary hospital clinic are eating compared to their peers and explore dietary intake impact on HbA1c outcome. An open cross-sectional dietary audit of children and adolescents with diabetes aged 2-17 years attending the Royal Children's Hospital, Melbourne was conducted using an age-appropriate validated Food Frequency Questionnaire. Total energy, macronutrient intake and diet quality were calculated and compared to dietary advice provided and national intake data...
March 9, 2018: Nutrition & Diabetes
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