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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334704/-status-and-related-factors-for-gestational-weight-gain-of-chinese-pregnant-women-during-2010-2012
#1
Y Bi, Y F Duan, J Wang, S Jiang, X H Pang, S A Yin, Z Y Yang, J Q Lai
Objective: To examine the status and related factors for gestational weight gain of Chinese pregnant women at different trimesters in 2010-2012. Methods: Participants were from Chinese National Nutrition and Health Surveillance in 2010-2012. Using a multi-stage stratified cluster random sampling method, we recruited 2 805 singleton pregnant women with gestational age 13 weeks or more from 31 provinces of China. A standard questionnaire was used to collect general information and pre-pregnancy weight; body weight and height of pregnant women were measured using a unified weighing scale and stadiometer, dietary intake during the previous year was collected using a food frequency questionnaire...
January 6, 2018: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334702/-prevalence-of-calf-muscle-cramps-and-influencing-factors-for-pregnant-women-in-china-during-2010-2012
#2
Y F Duan, J Wang, S Jiang, Y Bi, X H Pang, S A Yin, Z Y Yang
Objective: To investigate the prevalence of calf muscle cramps and possible influencing factors for pregnant women in China. Methods: Using a multi-stage stratified probability proportional to size cluster randomization sampling method during 2010-2012. A total of 3 582 pregnant women were investigated at 150 counties from 31 provinces in China mainland. Information on calf muscle cramps, demographic socio-economic status, pregnancy information, and the physical activities was collected through questionnaires...
January 6, 2018: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333846/-food-allergy-in-children-recommendations-for-diagnosis-and-treatment
#3
(no author information available yet)
Food allergy arises from a specific immune response induced by food exposure. It is the first cause of anaphylaxis in childhood. Its prevalence increased exponentially in western countries. The proteins most frequently involved in infants are cow's milk and hen's egg; and in adults, seafood. Peanuts have the same frequency in both groups. The clinical manifestations and methodology of study are directly related to the pathophysiology of the disease. Clinical history, skin prick test, patch test, and food oral challenge are essential to arrive at a correct diagnosis, that will avoid unnecessary exclusions or exposures that carry life risk...
February 1, 2018: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333812/markers-of-inflammation-and-tolerance-development-in-allergic-proctocolitis
#4
Hikmet T Nacaroglu, Semiha Bahceci Erdem, Ersin Durgun, Sait Karaman, Cahit Baris Erdur, Canan S Unsal Karkmer, Demet Can
BACKGROUND: Today, as a result of an increase in the frequency of food protein-induced allergic proctocolitis (FPIAP), there is a need for studies not only to enlighten the pathophysiology of the disease but also to determine simple, non-invasive markers in both diagnosis, and evaluation of the development of tolerance. No study has been found in the literature about the place of neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and mean platelet volume (MPV), which are easy to calculate and non-invasive markers...
February 1, 2018: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333807/contribution-of-diet-to-lead-exposure-among-children-aged-1-to-7-years-in-la-plata-buenos-aires
#5
Enrique Martins, Agustina Malpeli, Daniel Asens, Luis Telese, Victoria Fasano, Vania Vargas, Marina Tavella, Jorge E Colman Lerner
INTRODUCTION: Lead is a toxic metal which, even at low blood levels, can alter normal neurodevelopment in children, so no blood lead level is acceptable. Lead absorption from diet accounts for the highest contribution to blood lead levels in the population who is not exposed to contaminated environments or because of their occupation. The objective of this study was to determine the contribution of diet to lead exposure among children aged 1 to 7 years who attended Hospital de Niños de La Plata for health check-ups...
February 1, 2018: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331617/asthma-predictive-index-in-relation-to-respiratory-mechanics-by-impulse-oscillometry-in-recurrent-wheezers
#6
T Arikoglu, S B Batmaz, D D Yildirim, Ö Tezol, G Bozlu, S Kuyucu
BACKGROUND: The identification of children who will have persistent asthma has become a focus of recent research. The aim of this study was to assess whether impulse oscillometry (IOS) has a diagnostic value to predict modified API (asthma predictive index) in pre-schoolers with recurrent wheezing. METHODS: Pre-school children aged 3-6 years with recurrent wheezing were enrolled. The study population was divided into two groups based on mAPI criteria. Lung function was assessed by IOS...
January 10, 2018: Allergologia et Immunopathologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331442/coffee-consumption-and-risk-of-hypertension-in-the-sun-project
#7
A M Navarro, M A Martinez-Gonzalez, A Gea, R Ramallal, M Ruiz-Canela, E Toledo
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Evidence on coffee consumption and its association with the incidence of hypertension is still inconsistent. The aim of this study was to examine the association of regular or decaffeinated coffee consumption with the risk of developing hypertension in a middle-aged Mediterranean cohort. METHODS: The SUN Project is a prospective open cohort with more than 22,500 Spanish university graduates. For the present study, we analyzed data from 13,374 participants initially free of hypertension (mean follow-up 9...
December 21, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331070/how-does-dose-impact-on-the-severity-of-food-induced-allergic-reactions-and-can-this-improve-risk-assessment-for-allergenic-foods
#8
REVIEW
Anthony E J Dubois, Paul J Turner, Jonathan Hourihane, Barbara Ballmer-Weber, Kirsten Beyer, Chan Chun-Han, M Hazel Gowland, Sue O'Hagan, Lynne Regent, Ben Remington, Sabine Schnadt, Thomas Stroheker, René W R Crevel
Quantitative risk assessment for food allergens has made considerable progress in recent years, yet acceptability of its outcomes remains stymied because of the limited extent to which it has been possible to incorporate severity as a variable. Reaction severity, particularly following accidental exposure, depends on multiple factors, related to the allergen, the host and any treatments which might be administered. Some of these factors are plausibly still unknown. Quantitative risk assessment shows that limiting exposure through control of dose reduces the rates of reactions in allergic populations, but its impact on the relative frequency of severe reactions at different doses is unclear...
January 13, 2018: Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331066/strong-evidence-for-changing-fish-reproductive-phenology-under-climate-warming-on-the-tibetan-plateau
#9
Juan Tao, Dekui He, Mark J Kennard, Chengzhi Ding, Stuart E Bunn, Chunlong Liu, Yintao Jia, Rongxiao Che, Yifeng Chen
Phenological responses to climate change have been widely observed and have profound and lasting effects on ecosystems and biodiversity. However, compared to terrestrial ecosystems, the long-term effects of climate change on species' phenology are poorly understood in aquatic ecosystems. Understanding the long-term changes in fish reproductive phenology is essential for predicting population dynamics and for informing management strategies, but is currently hampered by the requirement for intensive field observations and larval identification...
January 13, 2018: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330177/incidence-of-facultative-bacterial-endosymbionts-in-spider-mites-associated-with-local-environment-and-host-plant
#10
Yu-Xi Zhu, Yue-Ling Song, Yan-Kai Zhang, Ary A Hoffmann, Jin-Cheng Zhou, Jing-Tao Sun, Xiao-Yue Hong
Spider mites are frequently associated with multiple endosymbionts whose infection patterns often exhibit spatial and temporal variation. However, the association between endosymbiont prevalence and environmental factors remains unclear. Here, we surveyed endosymbionts in natural populations of the spider mite, Tetranychus truncatus, in China, screening 935 spider mites from 21 localities and 12 host plant species. Three facultative endosymbiont lineages, Wolbachia, Cardinium, and Spiroplasma, were detected at different infection frequencies (52...
January 12, 2018: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330029/association-of-100-fruit-juice-consumption-and-3-year-weight-change-among-postmenopausal-women-in-the-in-the-women-s-health-initiative
#11
Brandon J Auerbach, Alyson J Littman, James Krieger, Bessie A Young, Joseph Larson, Lesley Tinker, Marian L Neuhouser
The association between drinking 100% fruit juice and long-term weight gain is controversial and has been investigated in few studies. We examined whether 100% fruit juice consumption was associated with weight change in a large prospective cohort of postmenopausal women. We analyzed data from 49,106 postmenopausal women in the United States enrolled in the Women's Health Initiative between 1993 and 1998. Food frequency questionnaires at baseline and year 3 assessed food and beverage intake. Body weight was measured at in-person clinic visits...
January 9, 2018: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329572/socio-demographic-and-lifestyle-determinants-of-dietary-patterns-in-french-speaking-switzerland-2009-2012
#12
Pedro Marques-Vidal, Gérard Waeber, Peter Vollenweider, Idris Guessous
BACKGROUND: Food intake is a complex behaviour which can be assessed using dietary patterns. Our aim was to characterize dietary patterns and associated factors in French-speaking Switzerland. METHODS: Cross-sectional study conducted between 2009 and 2012 in the city of Lausanne, Switzerland, including 4372 participants (54% women, 57.3 ± 10.3 years). Food consumption was assessed using a validated food frequency questionnaire. Dietary patterns were assessed by principal components analysis...
January 12, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329542/relative-validity-of-a-web-based-food-frequency-questionnaire-for-danish-adolescents
#13
Anne A Bjerregaard, Thorhallur I Halldorsson, Freja B Kampmann, Sjurdur F Olsen, Inge Tetens
BACKGROUND: With increased focus on dietary intake among youth and risk of diseases later in life, it is of importance, prior to assessing diet-disease relationships, to examine the validity of the dietary assessment tool. This study's objective was to evaluate the relative validity of a self-administered web-based FFQ among Danish children aged 12 to 15 years. METHODS: From a nested sub-cohort within the Danish National Birth Cohort, 124 adolescents participated...
January 12, 2018: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328809/methods-for-the-control-of-foodborne-pathogens-in-low-moisture-foods
#14
Alma Fernanda Sánchez-Maldonado, Alvin Lee, Jeffrey M Farber
Low-moisture foods (LMFs) have been defined as those food products with a water activity (aw) less than 0.85 and are generally considered less susceptible to microbial spoilage and the growth of foodborne pathogens. However, in recent years, outbreaks linked to LMFs have increased, with Salmonella spp., Bacillus cereus, Cronobacter sakazakii, Clostridium spp., Escherichia coli O157:H7, non-O157 E. coli, and Staphylococcus aureus being the principal pathogens involved. Because of the new concerns raised as a result of recent outbreaks, new approaches need to be developed to control foodborne pathogens in LMFs...
January 12, 2018: Annual Review of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327971/inflammatory-potential-of-diet-is-associated-with-increased-odds-of-cataract-in-a-case-control-study-from-iran
#15
Nitin Shivappa, James R Hébert, Bahram Rashidkhani, Matin Ghanavati
BACKGROUND: In previous studies, diet has been shown to be associated with cataract. However, no study to date has focused on the association between inflammatory potential of diet and cataract. OBJECTIVES: In this case-control study conducted in Iran, we examined the association of the dietary inflammatory index (DII®) and cataract. METHODS: This case-control study included 97 cataract cases and 198 healthy controls hospitalized for acute non-neoplastic diseases with the control group matched according to age (with a five-year interval) and sex with the case group...
January 12, 2018: International Journal for Vitamin and Nutrition Research. Journal International de Vitaminologie et de Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327444/developing-a-flexible-high-efficiency-agrobacterium-mediated-sorghum-transformation-system-with-broad-application
#16
Ping Che, Ajith Anand, Emily Wu, Jeffry D Sander, Marissa K Simon, Weiwei Zhu, Amy L Sigmund, Gina Zastrow-Hayes, Michael Miller, Donglong Liu, Shai J Lawit, Zuo-Yu Zhao, Marc C Albertsen, Todd J Jones
Sorghum is the fifth most widely planted cereal crop in the world and is commonly cultivated in arid and semi-arid regions such as Africa. Despite its importance as a food source, sorghum genetic improvement through transgenic approaches has been limited because of an inefficient transformation system. Here we report a ternary vector (also known as co-habitating vector) system using a recently described pVIR accessory plasmid that facilitates efficient Agrobacterium-mediated transformation of sorghum. We report regeneration frequencies ranging from 6-29% in Tx430 using different selectable markers and single copy, backbone free "quality events" ranging from 45-66% of the total events produced...
January 11, 2018: Plant Biotechnology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326116/behavioural-responses-to-infrasonic-particle-acceleration-in-cuttlefish
#17
Maria Wilson, Jens Ådne Rekkedal Haga, Hans Erik Karlsen
Attacks by aquatic predators generate frontal water disturbances characterised by low-frequency gradients in pressure and particle motion. Low-frequency hearing is highly developed in cephalopods. Thus, we examined behavioural responses in juvenile cuttlefish to infrasonic accelerations mimicking main aspects of the hydrodynamic signals created by predators. In the experimental set-up, animals and their surrounding water moved as a unit to minimise lateral line activation and to allow examination of the contribution by the inner ear...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325831/sexual-dysfunction-among-young-men-overview-of-dietary-components-associated-with-erectile-dysfunction
#18
Ioannis Mykoniatis, Maria G Grammatikopoulou, Emmanouil Bouras, Efthalia Karampasi, Aikaterini Tsionga, Athanasios Kogias, Ioannis Vakalopoulos, Anna-Bettina Haidich, Michael Chourdakis
BACKGROUND: Sexual dysfunction is relatively common in young men, presenting in diverse manifestations, including erectile dysfunction (ED), for which dietary modifications, including increased intake of dietary antioxidants, have been suggested as promising and cost-efficient approaches. AIM: To assess the consumption of selected dietary antioxidants, in particular flavonoids, in relation to ED symptoms in young men. METHODS: Men 18 to 40 years old were invited to complete an anonymous web-based questionnaire for this case-control study...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325664/results-of-the-clinician-apps-survey-how-clinicians-working-with-patients-with-diabetes-and-obesity-use-mobile-health-apps
#19
Justine Karduck, Karen Chapman-Novakofski
OBJECTIVE: To develop and administer a questionnaire to determine what factors may be associated with app use (including frequency of use, reasons to recommend to clients/patients, perceived effectiveness on health, health aspects used, features, and types of apps) by clinicians working in diabetes and weight management patient care settings. METHODS: The Clinician Apps Survey was developed and contained 3 question domains (smartphone apps use, behavior theory in counseling sessions, and demographics) to explore frequency, types, preferred features, benefits/barriers of using apps, counseling techniques used, and clinician demographics...
January 2018: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324670/dietary-carotenoid-intakes-and-prostate-cancer-risk-a-case-control-study-from-vietnam
#20
Dong Van Hoang, Ngoc Minh Pham, Andy H Lee, Duong Nhu Tran, Colin W Binns
The incidence of prostate cancer has increased in Vietnam, but there have been few studies of the risk factors associated with this change. This retrospective case-control study investigated the relation of the intake of carotenoids and their food sources to prostate cancer risk. A sample of 652 participants (244 incident prostate cancer patients, aged 64-75 years, and 408 age frequency-matched controls) were recruited in Ho Chi Minh City during 2013-2015. The habitual diet was ascertained with a validated food-frequency questionnaire, and other factors including demographic and lifestyle characteristics were assessed via face-to-face interviews by trained nurses...
January 11, 2018: Nutrients
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