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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145446/large-scale-climatic-effects-on-traditional-hawaiian-fishpond-aquaculture
#1
Daniel McCoy, Margaret A McManus, Keliʻiahonui Kotubetey, Angela Hiʻilei Kawelo, Charles Young, Brandon D'Andrea, Kathleen C Ruttenberg, Rosanna ʻAnolani Alegado
Aquaculture accounts for almost one-half of global fish consumption. Understanding the regional impact of climate fluctuations on aquaculture production thus is critical for the sustainability of this crucial food resource. The objective of this work was to understand the role of climate fluctuations and climate change in subtropical coastal estuarine environments within the context of aquaculture practices in He'eia Fishpond, O'ahu Island, Hawai'i. To the best of our knowledge, this was the first study of climate effects on traditional aquaculture systems in the Hawaiian Islands...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145136/lead-cadmium-and-arsenic-in-human-milk-and-their-socio-demographic-and-lifestyle-determinants-in-lebanon
#2
Maya Bassil, Farah Daou, Hussein Hassan, Osama Yamani, Joelle Abi Kharma, Zouheir Attieh, Jomana Elaridi
INTRODUCTION: Exposure of newborns to toxic metals is of special interest due to their reported contamination in breast milk and potential harm. The aim of this study was to assess the occurrence and factors associated with lead, cadmium and arsenic contamination in breast milk collected from lactating mothers in Lebanon. METHODS: A total of 74 breast milk samples were collected from primaparas according to guidelines set by the World Health Organization. A survey was administered to determine the demographic and anthropometric characteristics of participating lactating mothers...
October 27, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144430/a-correlation-study-of-dha-intake-estimated-by-a-ffq-and-concentrations-in-plasma-and-erythrocytes-in-mid-and-late-pregnancy
#3
Yu-Bo Zhou, Hong-Tian Li, Leonardo Trasande, Lin-Lin Wang, Ya-Li Zhang, Ke-Yi Si, Man-Xi Bai, Jian-Meng Liu
Adequate docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) is essential for the optimal growth and development of the fetus. Maternal DHA content fluctuates during pregnancy. The correlation of DHA content with dietary intake might be varied over the course of pregnancy. We aimed to compare the dietary DHA intake, estimated by a DHA-specific semiquantitative food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) against its blood content, among mid- and late-term pregnant women. A total of 804 Chinese pregnant women completed the tailored FFQ and provided fasting venous blood samples...
November 16, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144429/does-perception-of-dietary-fiber-mediate-the-impact-of-nutrition-knowledge-on-eating-fiber-rich-bread
#4
Maria Królak, Marzena Jeżewska-Zychowicz, Marta Sajdakowska, Jerzy Gębski
The average daily intake of fiber is still too low in relation to nutritional recommendations, as was found in several studies. Therefore, it is necessary to recommend ways to increase fiber intake in the diet. Increasing the consumption of bread rich in fiber as a substitute of white bread is one of the ways to increase fiber intake. The aim of this study was to find out whether nutrition knowledge and perception of dietary fiber affected the frequency of eating wholemeal bread and white bread fortified with fiber...
November 16, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144404/dietary-magnesium-and-incident-frailty-in-older-people-at-risk-for-knee-osteoarthritis-an-eight-year-longitudinal-study
#5
Nicola Veronese, Brendon Stubbs, Stefania Maggi, Maria Notarnicola, Mario Barbagallo, Joseph Firth, Ligia J Dominguez, Maria Gabriella Caruso
Inadequate magnesium (Mg) intake is associated with lower physical performance, but the relationship with frailty in older people is unclear. Therefore, we aimed to investigate whether higher dietary Mg intake is associated with a lower risk of frailty in a large cohort of North American individuals. Details regarding Mg intake were recorded through a food-frequency questionnaire (FFQ) and categorized as greater than/equal to Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA) vs. lower. Frailty was defined using the Study of Osteoporotic Fractures index...
November 16, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144387/neighborhood-prices-of-healthier-and-unhealthier-foods-and-associations-with-diet-quality-evidence-from-the-multi-ethnic-study-of-atherosclerosis
#6
David M Kern, Amy H Auchnicloss, Mark F Stehr, Ana V Diez Roux, Latetia V Moore, Genevieve P Kanter, Lucy F Robinson
It is known that the price of food influences the purchasing and consumption decisions of individuals; however, little work has examined if the price of healthier food relative to unhealthier food in an individual's neighborhood is associated with overall dietary quality while using data from multiple regions in the United States. Cross-sectional person-level data came from The Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (exam 5, 2010-2012 n = 2765); a food frequency questionnaire assessed diet. Supermarket food/beverage prices came from Information Resources Inc...
November 16, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144070/food-safety-program-performance-assessment-in-tennessee-2003-2011
#7
Heather Henderson, Lori LeMaster, John Dunn
To assess food safety program performance, the Tennessee Department of Health conducted food service surveys of randomly selected establishments and reviewed routine inspection reports by environmental health specialists (EHSs) of the same facilities. The individual restaurant sanitation scores, along with types and frequencies of violations noted by the survey team, were compared with records from the previous year. In addition, EHSs were observed as they each performed two routine inspections. Survey team staff consistently marked more critical violations than did field EHS staff...
March 2017: Journal of Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143786/dietary-factors-associated-with-plasma-thyroid-peroxidase-and-thyroglobulin-antibodies
#8
Antonela Matana, Vesela Torlak, Dubravka Brdar, Marijana Popović, Bernarda Lozić, Maja Barbalić, Vesna Boraska Perica, Ante Punda, Ozren Polašek, Caroline Hayward, Tatijana Zemunik
The knowledge about dietary habits and their influence in the development of autoimmune thyroid disease is insufficient. The aim of this study was to analyse the association of dietary factors and plasma thyroid peroxidase antibodies (TPO-Ab) and/or thyroglobulin antibodies (Tg-Ab). The study enrolled 1887 participants originating from the South Croatia. Participants with elevated plasma TPO-Ab and/or Tg-Ab were defined as cases (n = 462) and those with TPO-Ab and/or Tg-Ab within referent values were defined as controls (n = 1425)...
October 28, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143759/the-role-of-food-antioxidants-benefits-of-functional-foods-and-influence-of-feeding-habits-on-the-health-of-the-older-person-an-overview
#9
REVIEW
Douglas W Wilson, Paul Nash, Harpal Singh Buttar, Keith Griffiths, Ram Singh, Fabien De Meester, Rie Horiuchi, Toru Takahashi
This overview was directed towards understanding the relationship of brain functions with dietary choices mainly by older humans. This included food color, flavor, and aroma, as they relate to dietary sufficiency or the association of antioxidants with neurodegenerative diseases such as dementia and Alzheimer's disease. Impairment of olfactory and gustatory function in relation to these diseases was also explored. The role of functional foods was considered as a potential treatment of dementia and Alzheimer's disease through inhibition of acetylcholinesterase as well as similar treatments based on herbs, spices and antioxidants therein...
October 28, 2017: Antioxidants (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142179/usefulness-of-a-short-dietary-propensity-questionnaire-in-japan
#10
Nagako Okuda, Kazuyoshi Itai, Akira Okayama
AIM: There is a growing need for nutritional education for prevention and non-pharmacological treatment of risk factors for cardiovascular diseases (CVD). We compared the results of a short dietary propensity questionnaire (SDPQ) with those from the food frequency and quantity survey (FF Quantity), which had been previously quantitatively assessed by comparison with the 24-hr dietary recall (24hr-DR), to examine the usefulness of the SDPQ. The SDPQ was designed to assess dietary propensities of 12 food/nutrients relevant to CVD risk factors...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141668/association-of-dietary-patterns-with-diabetes-complications-among-type-2-diabetes-patients-in-gaza-strip-palestine-a-cross-sectional-study
#11
Abdel Hamid El Bilbeisi, Saeed Hosseini, Kurosh Djafarian
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of diabetes mellitus is rising worldwide. When diabetes is uncontrolled, it has dire consequences for health and well-being. However, the role of diet in the origin of diabetes complications is not understood well. This study identifies major dietary patterns among type 2 diabetes patients and its association with diabetes complications in Gaza Strip, Palestine. METHODS: This cross sectional study was conducted among 1200 previously diagnosed type 2 diabetes mellitus (both genders, aged 20-64 years), patients receiving care in primary healthcare centers in Gaza Strip, Palestine...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141037/edna-for-detection-of-five-highly-invasive-molluscs-a-case-study-in-urban-rivers-from-the-iberian-peninsula
#12
Laura Clusa, Laura Miralles, Ana Basanta, Carmelo Escot, Eva García-Vázquez
Biological invasions are an important threat to biodiversity especially in aquatic ecosystems, and their frequency is generally higher near urban areas. Potentially invasive non-indigenous molluscs were deliberately introduced into European waters for food (Corbicula fluminea) and biocontrol (Melanoides tuberculata), and unintentionally introduced by ballast water (Mytilopsis leucophaeata, Corbicula fluminea), stock contamination (Sinanodonta woodiana), accidental escapes from aquaculture (Sinanodonta woodiana), aquarium trade releases (Melanoides tuberculata) and even attached to aquatic birds (Corbicula fluminea)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140733/proinflammatory-dietary-intake-is-associated-with-increased-risk-of-colorectal-cancer-results-of-a-case-control-study-in-argentina-using-a-multilevel-modeling-approach
#13
Camila Niclis, Sonia A Pou, Nitin Shivappa, James R Hébert, Susan E Steck, María Del Pilar Díaz
Little evidence regarding the inflammatory potential of diet and its effect on colorectal cancer exists in Latin American countries. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the association between the Dietary Inflammatory Index (DII®) and colorectal cancer (CRC) risk in Córdoba, Argentina. A frequency-matched case-control study (N = 446, including 144 (32.3%) CRC cases and 302 (67.7%) controls was conducted in Córdoba (Argentina) from 2008 through 2015. DII® scores were computed based on dietary intake assessed by a validated food frequency questionnaire (FFQ)...
November 15, 2017: Nutrition and Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140419/dietary-glutamine-glutamate-and-mortality-two-large-prospective-studies-in-us-men-and-women
#14
Wenjie Ma, Yoriko Heianza, Tao Huang, Tiange Wang, Dianjianyi Sun, Yan Zheng, Frank B Hu, Kathryn M Rexrode, JoAnn E Manson, Lu Qi
Background: Emerging studies have related circulating glutamine metabolites to various chronic diseases such as cardiovascular disease and cancer; diet is the major source of nutrients involved in glutamine metabolism. However, it remains unknown whether dietary intakes of glutamine, glutamate,and their ratio are related to total and cause-specific mortality. Methods: We followed 74 082 women from the Nurses' Health Study (1984-2012) and 42 303 men from the Health Professionals Follow-up Study (1986-2012), who were free of cardiovascular disease and cancer at baseline...
November 13, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140151/a-comparison-of-the-nutrient-intakes-of-macronutrient-based-dieting-and-strict-dieting-bodybuilders
#15
Ahmed Ismaeel, Suzy Weems, Darryn Willoughby
The purpose of this study was to provide a descriptive assessment of the nutritional habits of competitive bodybuilders and compare the nutrient intakes of macronutrient-based dieting and strict dieting individuals. Data from 41 subjects (30 males and 11 females) were used in analyses. Participants completed a comprehensive food frequency questionnaire and diets were analyzed using a computer system. Males consumed an average of 2577.2 (SD=955.1) kilocalories, with an average fat intake of 83.6 g (SD=41.3), an average carbohydrate intake of 323...
November 15, 2017: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139110/unconditional-cash-transfers-for-reducing-poverty-and-vulnerabilities-effect-on-use-of-health-services-and-health-outcomes-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#16
REVIEW
Frank Pega, Sze Yan Liu, Stefan Walter, Roman Pabayo, Ruhi Saith, Stefan K Lhachimi
BACKGROUND: Unconditional cash transfers (UCTs; provided without obligation) for reducing poverty and vulnerabilities (e.g. orphanhood, old age or HIV infection) are a type of social protection intervention that addresses a key social determinant of health (income) in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). The relative effectiveness of UCTs compared with conditional cash transfers (CCTs; provided so long as the recipient engages in prescribed behaviours such as using a health service or attending school) is unknown...
November 15, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137944/reproductive-factors-nutritional-status-and-serum-25-oh-d-levels-in-women-with-breast-cancer-a-case-control-study
#17
REVIEW
Nighat Y Sofi, Monika Jain, Umesh Kapil, Vuthaluru Seenu, Lakshmy R, Chander P Yadav, Ravindra M Pandey, Neha Sareen
The study was conducted with an objective to investigate the association between reproductive factors, nutritional status and serum 25(OH)D levels among women diagnosed with breast cancer (BC). A total of 200 women with BC attending a tertiary healthcare institute of Delhi, India matched with 200 healthy women for age (±2years) and socio economic status were included in the study. Data was collected on socio-demographic profile, reproductive factors, physical activity and dietary intake (24hour dietary recall and food frequency questionnaire) using interviewer administered structured questionnaires and standard tools...
November 11, 2017: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137927/the-cholesterol-lowering-effect-of-statins-is-potentiated-by-whole-grains-intake-the-polish-norwegian-study-pons
#18
Georgeta D Vaidean, Marta Manczuk, Sandeep S Vansal, Jacqueline Griffith
BACKGROUND: Hypercholesterolemia treatment guidelines emphasize an adequate whole grains (WG) intake, alone or complementary to pharmacological treatment. We conducted this study to compare the prevalence of adequate WG intake and levels of blood lipids according to the statin/WG intake status. METHODS: This cross-sectional analysis of a community-based study included 12,754 men and women, age 45-64. Statin use over past 30days was recorded by trained nurses. Food intake over past 12months was assessed by a validated food-frequency questionnaire...
November 11, 2017: European Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137813/reasons-for-seagrass-optimism-local-ecological-knowledge-confirms-presence-of-dugongs
#19
Leanne C Cullen-Unsworth, Benjamin L Jones, Rachel Seary, Rhian Newman, Richard K F Unsworth
Dugongs (Dugong dugon) depend on seagrass meadows for food. As such seagrass and dugong conservation should go hand in hand. Assessing dugong populations is notoriously challenging. In the most resource dependent communities Local Ecological Knowledge (LEK) is generally high and can provide an alternative to the use of expensive ecological surveys to understand dugong populations and support associated resource management decisions. Residents of the Wakatobi National Park (WNP), SE Sulawesi, Indonesia are highly dependent on marine resources for livelihoods and correspondingly LEK is high...
November 11, 2017: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137768/low-frequency-ultrasonic-assisted-hydrolysis-of-starch-in-the-presence-of-%C3%AE-amylase
#20
Anne Gaquere-Parker, Tamera Taylor, Raihannah Hutson, Ashley Rizzo, Aubrey Folds, Shastina Crittenden, Neelam Zahoor, Bilal Hussein, Aaron Arruda
Hydrolysis of starch is an important process in the food industry and in the production of bioethanol or smaller carbohydrate molecules that can be used as starting blocks for chemical synthesis. Such hydrolysis can be enhanced by lowering the pH, heating the reaction mixture or catalyzing the reaction with enzymes. This study reports the effect of sonication on the reaction rate of starch hydrolysis at different temperatures, in the presence or absence of alpha-amylase. Starch Azure, a commercially available potato starch covalently linked with Remazol Brilliant Blue, has been chosen since its hydrolysis releases a blue dye, which concentration can be monitored by UV Vis spectroscopy...
March 2018: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
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