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A Vaidya, R Bhosale, P Sambarey, N Suryavanshi, S Young, V Mave, S Kanade, V Kulkarni, P Deshpande, U Balasubramanian, J Elf, N Gupte, A Gupta, J S Mathad
SETTING: Over 20% of tuberculosis (TB) cases during pregnancy occur in India. OBJECTIVE: To determine the association between household food insecurity and interferon-gamma (IFN-γ) levels in pregnancy. DESIGN: Pregnant women in India were administered the Household Food Insecurity Access Scale (HFIAS) questionnaire and underwent an IFN-γ release assay. Logistic regression was used to identify factors associated with food insecurity. RESULTS: Of 538 women, 60 (11%) had household food insecurity, 47 (78%) of which were moderate or severe food insecure...
July 1, 2017: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
Lisa Teh, Catherine Pirkle, Chris Furgal, Myriam Fillion, Michel Lucas
BACKGROUND: Globally, food insecurity is a major public health concern. In North America, it is particularly prevalent in certain sub-groups, including Indigenous communities. Although many Indigenous and remote communities harvest and share food, most food security assessment tools focus on economic access. This study describes the psychometric evaluation of a modified Household Food Insecurity Access Scale (HFIAS), developed for mixed economies, to assess food insecurity among pregnant Inuit women...
2017: PloS One
Lamis Jomaa, Farah Naja, Ruba Cheaib, Nahla Hwalla
BACKGROUND: Mixed evidence exists with respect to the association between household food insecurity (HFIS) and obesity in low-to-middle income countries (LMICs), particularly among women. This study aimed to measure socioeconomic correlates of HFIS and explores its association with dietary intake and odds of obesity among mothers in Lebanon, a middle-income country undergoing nutrition transition. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among a representative sample of households (n = 378) in Beirut, Lebanon...
June 12, 2017: BMC Public Health
Sathya P Manimunda, Attayuru P Sugunan
BACKGROUND: Childhood undernutrition is a public health concern in India. But on such a serious issue, there are no data available from the Union Territory of Andaman and Nicobar (A and N) Islands. OBJECTIVES: Present study was designed to know the prevalence of food insecurity, to estimate food group and nutrient intake among the community, and undernutrition and clinical signs of micronutrient deficiency among the preschool children of A and N islands. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Multistage random sampling was followed to select the households containing children aged 6-59 months...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
Florence K M'Kaibi, Nelia P Steyn, Sophie A Ochola, Lissane Du Plessis
The study was to determine the role of Dietary diversity (DD), household food security (HFS), and agricultural biodiversity (AB) on stunted growth in children. Two cross-sectional studies were undertaken 6 months apart. Interviews were done with mothers/caregivers and anthropometric measurements of children 24-59 months old. HFS was assessed by household food insecurity access scale (HFIAS). A repeated 24-h recall was used to calculate a dietary diversity score (DDS). Agricultural biodiversity (AB) was calculated by counting the number of edible plants and animals...
March 2017: Food Science & Nutrition
Robert Fungo, John Muyonga, Margaret Kabahenda, Archileo Kaaya, Clement A Okia, Pauline Donn, Tchatat Mathurin, Obadia Tchingsabe, Julius C Tiegehungo, Judy Loo, Laura Snook
OBJECTIVE: To determine the contribution of forest foods to dietary intake and estimate their association with household food insecurity. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey conducted among 279 households. Using a 7 d recall questionnaire, information on household food consumption was collected from women and used to determine the household dietary diversity score, food variety score and forest food consumption score (FFCS). Household Food Insecurity Access Scale (HFIAS) score was determined and Spearman rank correlation was used to establish the relationship between consumption of forest foods and HFIAS score...
December 2016: Public Health Nutrition
Bishwajit Ghose, Shangfeng Tang, Sanni Yaya, Zhanchun Feng
BACKGROUND: Food insecurity and hidden hunger (micronutrient deficiency) affect about two billion people globally. Household food insecurity (HFI) has been shown to be associated with one or multiple micronutrient (MMN) deficiencies among women and children. Chronic food insecurity leads to various deficiency disorders, among which anemia stands out as the most prevalent one. As a high malnutrition prevalent country, Bangladesh has one of the highest rates of anemia among all Asian countries...
2016: PeerJ
Daniel S Eaton, Sean Crosson, Aretha Fiebig
UNLABELLED: Growth in a surface-attached bacterial community, or biofilm, confers a number of advantages. However, as a biofilm matures, high-density growth imposes stresses on individual cells, and it can become less advantageous for progeny to remain in the community. Thus, bacteria employ a variety of mechanisms to control attachment to and dispersal from surfaces in response to the state of the environment. The freshwater oligotroph Caulobacter crescentus can elaborate a polysaccharide-rich polar organelle, known as the holdfast, which enables permanent surface attachment...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Bacteriology
Mohammad Rocky Khan Chowdhury, M M H Khan, Md Rafiqul Islam, Nirmala K P Perera, Matthew K Shumack, Manzur Kader
AIM: Household food insecurity (HFI) is insufficient access to nutritionally safe and adequate foods to meet the dietary needs for an active and healthy life. We examined the prevalence and determinants of HFI in Bangladeshi children under five with diarrhoea. METHODS: This study included 365 children (55% boys) who had diarrhoea in the two weeks before the 2011 Bangladesh Demographic Health Survey (BDHS-2011). The Household Food Insecurity Access Scale (HFIAS) was used to assess HFI and Pearson's chi-square test and binary logistic regression analysis were used to investigate the association between HFI and multilevel factors...
May 2016: Acta Paediatrica
Christine M McDonald, Judy McLean, Hou Kroeun, Aminuzzaman Talukder, Larry D Lynd, Timothy J Green
The objective of this study was to identify correlates of household food insecurity and poor dietary diversity in rural Cambodia. Trained interviewers administered a survey to 900 households in four rural districts of Prey Veng Province, Cambodia. The Household Food Insecurity Access Scale (HFIAS) and Household Dietary Diversity Score (HDDS) were used to assess household food insecurity and dietary diversity. Multivariate logistic regression models were constructed to identify independent correlates of household food insecurity and poor dietary diversity (HDDS<or=3)...
2015: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Sam Desiere, Marijke D'Haese, Sanctus Niragira
OBJECTIVE: To examine the cross-sectional and inter-temporal validity of the Household Food Insecurity Access Scale (HFIAS) for rural households in Burundi. DESIGN: Longitudinal survey about food security and agricultural production, individually administered by trained interviewers in June 2007 and 2012. SETTING: Ngozi, north of Burundi. SUBJECTS: Three hundred and fourteen household heads were interviewed. RESULTS: Tobit models showed that the HFIAS was significantly correlated with objective measures of food security, in this case total annual food production (P<0·01), livestock keeping (P<0·01) and coffee production (P<0·01) in both 2007 and 2012...
October 2015: Public Health Nutrition
Vincent Nsabuwera, Bethany Hedt-Gauthier, Mohammed Khogali, Mary Edginton, Sven G Hinderaker, Marie Paul Nisingizwe, Jean de Dieu Tihabyona, Benoit Sikubwabo, Samuel Sembagare, Antoinette Habinshuti, Peter Drobac
OBJECTIVE: Determining interventions to address food insecurity and poverty, as well as setting targets to be achieved in a specific time period have been a persistent challenge for development practitioners and decision makers. The present study aimed to assess the changes in food access and consumption at the household level after one-year implementation of an integrated food security intervention in three rural districts of Rwanda. DESIGN: A before-and-after intervention study comparing Household Food Insecurity Access Scale (HFIAS) scores and household Food Consumption Scores (FCS) at baseline and after one year of programme implementation...
May 2016: Public Health Nutrition
Inge Wagenaar, Lisanne van Muiden, Khorshed Alam, Robert Bowers, Md Anwar Hossain, Kolpona Kispotta, Jan Hendrik Richardus
BACKGROUND: Food shortage was associated with leprosy in two recent studies investigating the relation between socioeconomic factors and leprosy. Inadequate intake of nutrients due to food shortage may affect the immune system and influence the progression of infection to clinical leprosy. We aimed to identify possible differences in dietary intake between recently diagnosed leprosy patients and control subjects. METHODS: In a leprosy endemic area of Bangladesh, newly diagnosed leprosy patients and control subjects were interviewed about their socioeconomic situation, health and diet...
May 2015: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Chisa Shinsugi, Masaki Matsumura, Mohamed Karama, Junichi Tanaka, Mwatasa Changoma, Satoshi Kaneko
BACKGROUND: Chronic malnutrition or stunting among children under 5 years old is affected by several household environmental factors, such as food insecurity, disease burden, and poverty. However, not all children experience stunting even in food insecure conditions. To seek a solution at the local level for preventing stunting, a cross-sectional study was conducted in southeastern Kenya, an area with a high level of food insecurity. METHODS: The study was based on a cohort organized to monitor the anthropometric status of children...
2015: BMC Public Health
Florence K M'Kaibi, Nelia P Steyn, Sophie Ochola, Lisanne Du Plessis
BACKGROUND: Kenya has a high prevalence of underweight and stunting in children. It is believed that both agricultural biodiversity and seasonal rainfall influences household food security and dietary intake. In the present study we aimed to study the effects of agricultural biodiversity and seasonal rains on dietary adequacy and household food security of preschool Kenyan children, and to identify significant relationships between these variables. METHODS: Two cross-sectional studies were undertaken in resource-poor households in rural Kenya approximately 6 months apart...
2015: BMC Public Health
Gemma Salvador Castell, Carmen Pérez Rodrigo, Joy Ngo de la Cruz, Javier Aranceta Bartrina
In 1996, the World Food Summit reaffirmed the inalienable right that each person across the globe has to access safe, adequate and nutritious food. At that time a goal was established to reduce by half the number of undernourished persons worldwide by 2015, in other words the year that we are now commencing. Different countries and organisations considered the necessity of reaching consensus and developing indicators for measuring household food insecurity. The availability of a simple but evidence-based measurement method to identify nutritionally at-risk population groups constitutes an essential instrument for implementing strategies that effectively address relevant key issues...
February 26, 2015: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
Steven Y Hong, Theresa J Fanelli, Anna Jonas, Justice Gweshe, Francina Tjituka, Heidi M B Sheehan, Christine Wanke, Norma Terrin, Michael R Jordan, Alice M Tang
OBJECTIVE: Food insecurity is emerging as an important barrier to antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence. The objective of this study was to determine if food insecurity is associated with poor ART adherence among HIV-positive adults in a resource-limited setting that uses the public health model of delivery. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study using a 1-time questionnaire and routinely collected pharmacy data. METHODS: Participants were HIV-infected adults on ART at the public ART clinics in Windhoek, Namibia: Katutura State Hospital, Katutura Health Centre, and Windhoek Central Hospital...
December 1, 2014: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
Daniel Bronsnick, Ryan E Harold, Ari Youderian, Giovanni Solitro, Farid Amirouche, Benjamin Goldberg
BACKGROUND: Osteoporotic bone brings unique challenges to orthopaedic surgery, including a higher likelihood of problematic screw stripping in cancellous bone. Currently, there are limited options to satisfactorily repair stripped screws. Additionally, nonstripped screws hold with less purchase in osteoporotic bone. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: This study attempts to answer the following questions: (1) Does high-friction intraannular (HFIA) augmentation increase pullout strength in osteoporotic and in severely osteoporotic bone; and (2) can HFIA repair stripped bone thread in osteoporotic and severely osteoporotic bone? METHODS: We measured screw pullout strength using a synthetic bone model in three groups: (1) predrilled nonstripped control holes as controls; (2) predrilled nonstripped augmented with HFIA; and (3) predrilled stripped holes repaired with HFIA...
March 2015: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
E W Kimani-Murage, L Schofield, F Wekesah, S Mohamed, B Mberu, R Ettarh, T Egondi, C Kyobutungi, A Ezeh
Food and nutrition security is critical for economic development due to the role of nutrition in healthy growth and human capital development. Slum residents, already grossly affected by chronic poverty, are highly vulnerable to different forms of shocks, including those arising from political instability. This study describes the food security situation among slum residents in Nairobi, with specific focus on vulnerability associated with the 2007/2008 postelection crisis in Kenya. The study from which the data is drawn was nested within the Nairobi Urban Health and Demographic Surveillance System (NUHDSS), which follows about 70,000 individuals from close to 30,000 households in two slums in Nairobi, Kenya...
December 2014: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
C M McDonald, J McLean, H Kroeun, A Talukder, L D Lynd, T J Green
OBJECTIVES: To assess household food insecurity and dietary diversity as correlates of maternal and child anthropometric status and anemia in rural Cambodia. METHODS: Trained interviewers administered a survey to 900 households in four rural districts of Prey Veng, Cambodia. The Household Food Insecurity Access Scale (HFIAS) and Household Dietary Diversity Score (HDDS) were used to assess household food insecurity and dietary diversity. The height, weight and hemoglobin concentration of the mother and youngest child under 5 years in each household were measured...
February 2015: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
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