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Robert Fungo, John Muyonga, Margaret Kabahenda, Archileo Kaaya, Clement A Okia, Pauline Donn, Tchatat Mathurin, Obadia Tchingsabe, Julius C Tiegehungo, Judy Loo, Laura Snook
OBJECTIVE: To determine the contribution of forest foods to dietary intake and estimate their association with household food insecurity. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey conducted among 279 households. Using a 7 d recall questionnaire, information on household food consumption was collected from women and used to determine the household dietary diversity score, food variety score and forest food consumption score (FFCS). Household Food Insecurity Access Scale (HFIAS) score was determined and Spearman rank correlation was used to establish the relationship between consumption of forest foods and HFIAS score...
December 2016: Public Health Nutrition
Bishwajit Ghose, Shangfeng Tang, Sanni Yaya, Zhanchun Feng
BACKGROUND: Food insecurity and hidden hunger (micronutrient deficiency) affect about two billion people globally. Household food insecurity (HFI) has been shown to be associated with one or multiple micronutrient (MMN) deficiencies among women and children. Chronic food insecurity leads to various deficiency disorders, among which anemia stands out as the most prevalent one. As a high malnutrition prevalent country, Bangladesh has one of the highest rates of anemia among all Asian countries...
2016: PeerJ
Daniel S Eaton, Sean Crosson, Aretha Fiebig
UNLABELLED: Growth in a surface-attached bacterial community, or biofilm, confers a number of advantages. However, as a biofilm matures, high-density growth imposes stresses on individual cells, and it can become less advantageous for progeny to remain in the community. Thus, bacteria employ a variety of mechanisms to control attachment to and dispersal from surfaces in response to the state of the environment. The freshwater oligotroph Caulobacter crescentus can elaborate a polysaccharide-rich polar organelle, known as the holdfast, which enables permanent surface attachment...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Bacteriology
Mohammad Rocky Khan Chowdhury, M M H Khan, Md Rafiqul Islam, Nirmala K P Perera, Matthew K Shumack, Manzur Kader
AIM: Household food insecurity (HFI) is insufficient access to nutritionally safe and adequate foods to meet the dietary needs for an active and healthy life. We examined the prevalence and determinants of HFI in Bangladeshi children under five with diarrhoea. METHODS: This study included 365 children (55% boys) who had diarrhoea in the two weeks before the 2011 Bangladesh Demographic Health Survey (BDHS-2011). The Household Food Insecurity Access Scale (HFIAS) was used to assess HFI and Pearson's chi-square test and binary logistic regression analysis were used to investigate the association between HFI and multilevel factors...
May 2016: Acta Paediatrica
Christine M McDonald, Judy McLean, Hou Kroeun, Aminuzzaman Talukder, Larry D Lynd, Timothy J Green
The objective of this study was to identify correlates of household food insecurity and poor dietary diversity in rural Cambodia. Trained interviewers administered a survey to 900 households in four rural districts of Prey Veng Province, Cambodia. The Household Food Insecurity Access Scale (HFIAS) and Household Dietary Diversity Score (HDDS) were used to assess household food insecurity and dietary diversity. Multivariate logistic regression models were constructed to identify independent correlates of household food insecurity and poor dietary diversity (HDDS<or=3)...
2015: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Sam Desiere, Marijke D'Haese, Sanctus Niragira
OBJECTIVE: To examine the cross-sectional and inter-temporal validity of the Household Food Insecurity Access Scale (HFIAS) for rural households in Burundi. DESIGN: Longitudinal survey about food security and agricultural production, individually administered by trained interviewers in June 2007 and 2012. SETTING: Ngozi, north of Burundi. SUBJECTS: Three hundred and fourteen household heads were interviewed. RESULTS: Tobit models showed that the HFIAS was significantly correlated with objective measures of food security, in this case total annual food production (P<0·01), livestock keeping (P<0·01) and coffee production (P<0·01) in both 2007 and 2012...
October 2015: Public Health Nutrition
Vincent Nsabuwera, Bethany Hedt-Gauthier, Mohammed Khogali, Mary Edginton, Sven G Hinderaker, Marie Paul Nisingizwe, Jean de Dieu Tihabyona, Benoit Sikubwabo, Samuel Sembagare, Antoinette Habinshuti, Peter Drobac
OBJECTIVE: Determining interventions to address food insecurity and poverty, as well as setting targets to be achieved in a specific time period have been a persistent challenge for development practitioners and decision makers. The present study aimed to assess the changes in food access and consumption at the household level after one-year implementation of an integrated food security intervention in three rural districts of Rwanda. DESIGN: A before-and-after intervention study comparing Household Food Insecurity Access Scale (HFIAS) scores and household Food Consumption Scores (FCS) at baseline and after one year of programme implementation...
May 2016: Public Health Nutrition
Inge Wagenaar, Lisanne van Muiden, Khorshed Alam, Robert Bowers, Md Anwar Hossain, Kolpona Kispotta, Jan Hendrik Richardus
BACKGROUND: Food shortage was associated with leprosy in two recent studies investigating the relation between socioeconomic factors and leprosy. Inadequate intake of nutrients due to food shortage may affect the immune system and influence the progression of infection to clinical leprosy. We aimed to identify possible differences in dietary intake between recently diagnosed leprosy patients and control subjects. METHODS: In a leprosy endemic area of Bangladesh, newly diagnosed leprosy patients and control subjects were interviewed about their socioeconomic situation, health and diet...
May 2015: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Chisa Shinsugi, Masaki Matsumura, Mohamed Karama, Junichi Tanaka, Mwatasa Changoma, Satoshi Kaneko
BACKGROUND: Chronic malnutrition or stunting among children under 5 years old is affected by several household environmental factors, such as food insecurity, disease burden, and poverty. However, not all children experience stunting even in food insecure conditions. To seek a solution at the local level for preventing stunting, a cross-sectional study was conducted in southeastern Kenya, an area with a high level of food insecurity. METHODS: The study was based on a cohort organized to monitor the anthropometric status of children...
2015: BMC Public Health
Florence K M'Kaibi, Nelia P Steyn, Sophie Ochola, Lisanne Du Plessis
BACKGROUND: Kenya has a high prevalence of underweight and stunting in children. It is believed that both agricultural biodiversity and seasonal rainfall influences household food security and dietary intake. In the present study we aimed to study the effects of agricultural biodiversity and seasonal rains on dietary adequacy and household food security of preschool Kenyan children, and to identify significant relationships between these variables. METHODS: Two cross-sectional studies were undertaken in resource-poor households in rural Kenya approximately 6 months apart...
2015: BMC Public Health
Gemma Salvador Castell, Carmen Pérez Rodrigo, Joy Ngo de la Cruz, Javier Aranceta Bartrina
In 1996, the World Food Summit reaffirmed the inalienable right that each person across the globe has to access safe, adequate and nutritious food. At that time a goal was established to reduce by half the number of undernourished persons worldwide by 2015, in other words the year that we are now commencing. Different countries and organisations considered the necessity of reaching consensus and developing indicators for measuring household food insecurity. The availability of a simple but evidence-based measurement method to identify nutritionally at-risk population groups constitutes an essential instrument for implementing strategies that effectively address relevant key issues...
February 26, 2015: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
Steven Y Hong, Theresa J Fanelli, Anna Jonas, Justice Gweshe, Francina Tjituka, Heidi M B Sheehan, Christine Wanke, Norma Terrin, Michael R Jordan, Alice M Tang
OBJECTIVE: Food insecurity is emerging as an important barrier to antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence. The objective of this study was to determine if food insecurity is associated with poor ART adherence among HIV-positive adults in a resource-limited setting that uses the public health model of delivery. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study using a 1-time questionnaire and routinely collected pharmacy data. METHODS: Participants were HIV-infected adults on ART at the public ART clinics in Windhoek, Namibia: Katutura State Hospital, Katutura Health Centre, and Windhoek Central Hospital...
December 1, 2014: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
Daniel Bronsnick, Ryan E Harold, Ari Youderian, Giovanni Solitro, Farid Amirouche, Benjamin Goldberg
BACKGROUND: Osteoporotic bone brings unique challenges to orthopaedic surgery, including a higher likelihood of problematic screw stripping in cancellous bone. Currently, there are limited options to satisfactorily repair stripped screws. Additionally, nonstripped screws hold with less purchase in osteoporotic bone. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: This study attempts to answer the following questions: (1) Does high-friction intraannular (HFIA) augmentation increase pullout strength in osteoporotic and in severely osteoporotic bone; and (2) can HFIA repair stripped bone thread in osteoporotic and severely osteoporotic bone? METHODS: We measured screw pullout strength using a synthetic bone model in three groups: (1) predrilled nonstripped control holes as controls; (2) predrilled nonstripped augmented with HFIA; and (3) predrilled stripped holes repaired with HFIA...
March 2015: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
E W Kimani-Murage, L Schofield, F Wekesah, S Mohamed, B Mberu, R Ettarh, T Egondi, C Kyobutungi, A Ezeh
Food and nutrition security is critical for economic development due to the role of nutrition in healthy growth and human capital development. Slum residents, already grossly affected by chronic poverty, are highly vulnerable to different forms of shocks, including those arising from political instability. This study describes the food security situation among slum residents in Nairobi, with specific focus on vulnerability associated with the 2007/2008 postelection crisis in Kenya. The study from which the data is drawn was nested within the Nairobi Urban Health and Demographic Surveillance System (NUHDSS), which follows about 70,000 individuals from close to 30,000 households in two slums in Nairobi, Kenya...
December 2014: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
C M McDonald, J McLean, H Kroeun, A Talukder, L D Lynd, T J Green
OBJECTIVES: To assess household food insecurity and dietary diversity as correlates of maternal and child anthropometric status and anemia in rural Cambodia. METHODS: Trained interviewers administered a survey to 900 households in four rural districts of Prey Veng, Cambodia. The Household Food Insecurity Access Scale (HFIAS) and Household Dietary Diversity Score (HDDS) were used to assess household food insecurity and dietary diversity. The height, weight and hemoglobin concentration of the mother and youngest child under 5 years in each household were measured...
February 2015: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Palanivel Chinnakali, Ravi P Upadhyay, Deepa Shokeen, Kavita Singh, Manpreet Kaur, Arvind K Singh, Anil Goswami, Kapil Yadav, Chandrakant S Pandav
An adequate food intake, in terms of quantity and quality, is a key to healthy life. Malnutrition is the most serious consequence of food insecurity and has a multitude of health and economic implications. India has the world's largest population living in slums, and these have largely been underserved areas. The State of Food Insecurity in the World (2012) estimates that India is home to more than 217 million undernourished people. Various studies have been conducted to assess food insecurity at the global level; however, the literature is limited as far as India is concerned...
June 2014: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
Mohammad Badran, Saeid Golbidi, Angela Devlin, Najib Ayas, Ismail Laher
BACKGROUND: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a common disorder characterized by chronic intermittent hypoxia (CIH). OSA is prevalent in obese subjects and is associated with endothelial dysfunction and cardiovascular disorders. We tested the hypothesis that the deleterious effects of IH could be further modulated by diet-induced obesity. DESIGN: Thirty adult (8-10 weeks) male C57BL/6J mice were divided into four groups. Mice were subjected to CIH or intermittent air (IA) for 12h a day and fed either a high fat (HF) or a low fat control diet (CD) for 6weeks...
May 2014: Sleep Medicine
Soo-Kyung Lee, So-Young Nam
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Food shortage situation in North Korea has gained much interest, however food insecurity caused by the food shortage in North Korean households has not been much investigated. This study examined food security experiences and food consumption pattern of displaced North Korean households currently living in South Korea. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Food security experience among 51 North Korean households living in South Korea was examined using the Household Food Insecurity Access Scale (HFIAS) in three time points: immediately before childbirth, immediately before leaving North Korea, and immediately before entering South Korea...
April 2014: Nutrition Research and Practice
Farah Naja, Nahla Hwalla, Talar Fossian, Dina Zebian, Lara Nasreddine
OBJECTIVE: To assess the validity and reliability of the Arabic version of the Household Food Insecurity Access Scale (HFIAS) in rural Lebanon. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study on a sample of households with at least one child aged 0-2 years. In a one-to-one interview, participants completed an adapted Arabic version of the HFIAS. In order to evaluate the validity of the HFIAS, basic sociodemographic information, anthropometric measurements of the mother and child, and dietary intake data of the child were obtained...
February 2015: Public Health Nutrition
Worku Endale, Zelalem Birhanu Mengesha, Azeb Atinafu, Akilew Awoke Adane
BACKGROUND: Access to sufficient food is essential for household welfare as well as for accomplishing other development activities. Households with insufficient access to food often face other challenges related to food insecurity including poor health and a decline in productivity. These challenges can often create a vicious circle whereby households are unable to produce enough food even during a good crop season. Thus, this study aimed to determine the magnitude of food insecurity and its determinants in rural households of Farta District, Northwest Ethiopia...
2014: BMC Research Notes
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