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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339968/optimization-of-dietary-zinc-for-egg-production-and-antioxidant-capacity-in-chinese-egg-laying-ducks-fed-a-diet-based-on-corn-wheat-bran-and-soybean-meal
#1
W Chen, S Wang, H X Zhang, D Ruan, W G Xia, Y Y Cui, C T Zheng, Y C Lin
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of zinc supplementation on productive performance and antioxidant status in laying ducks. Five-hundred-four laying ducks were divided into 7 treatments, each containing 6 replicates of 12 ducks. The ducks were caged individually and fed a corn-soybean meal and wheat bran basal diet (37 mg Zn/kg) or the basal diet supplemented with 15, 30, 45, 60, 75, or 90 mg Zn/kg (as zinc sulfate). During the early laying period of 10 d (daily egg production <80%), egg production, daily egg mass, and FCR increased quadratically with increasing dietary Zn levels (P < 0...
March 2, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339779/effect-of-the-combination-of-white-and-red-led-lighting-during-incubation-on-layer-broiler-and-pekin-duck-hatchability
#2
G S Archer, D Jeffrey, Z Tucker
Previous research has shown that providing light during incubation can have positive effects on hatchability and chick quality; however, white light alone has been observed to improve these factors only in pigmented broiler eggs and non-pigmented white layer eggs. Monochromatic red light has been shown to improve hatchability in layer eggs. Therefore the objective of this study was to utilize one light fixture that emitted both white and monochromatic red light to determine if this one light source could improve hatchability in both types of chicken eggs and pigmented Pekin duck egg...
February 23, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332599/erratum-characterization-of-the-pathogenesis-of-h10n3-h10n7-and-h10n8-subtype-avian-influenza-viruses-circulating-in-ducks
#3
Miaomiao Zhang, Xingxing Zhang, Kaidi Xu, Qiaoyang Teng, Qinfang Liu, Xuesong Li, Jianmei Yang, Jianqing Xu, Hongjun Chen, Xiaoyan Zhang, Zejun Li
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 23, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327528/anti-obesity-effect-of-bombus-ignitus-queen-glycosaminoglycans-in-rats-on-a-high-fat-diet
#4
Mi Young Ahn, Ban Ji Kim, Ha Jeong Kim, Hyung Joo Yoon, Sang Duck Jee, Jae Sam Hwang, Kun-Koo Park
The mechanism of functional insect glycosaminoglycan (GAG) on obesity caused a high fat diet has not yet been elucidated. Therefore, insect glycosaminoglycans derived from Isaria sinclairii, Bombus ignitus (a type of bumblebee) queen, and Gryllus bimaculatus were purified and investigated as a potential functional food. 14-week old male Wistar rats were fed a high-fat diet (HFD) for 6 weeks. There were five groups that received daily intraperitoneal administration of phosphate buffered saline (PBS, control), GbG (GAG from Gryllus bimaculatus) 10 mg/kg, ISG (GAG from Isaria sinclairii) 10 mg/kg, IQG (GAG from Bombus ignites) 10 mg/kg, or Pravastatin (2 mg/kg)...
March 22, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327168/identification-of-two-novel-reassortant-avian-influenza-a-h5n6-viruses-in-whooper-swans-in-korea-2016
#5
Jipseol Jeong, Chanjin Woo, Hon S Ip, Injung An, Youngsik Kim, Kwanghee Lee, Seong-Deok Jo, Kidong Son, Saemi Lee, Jae-Ku Oem, Seung-Jun Wang, Yongkwan Kim, Jeonghwa Shin, Jonathan Sleeman, Weonhwa Jheong
BACKGROUND: On November 20, 2016 two novel strains of H5N6 highly pathogenic avian influenza virus (HPAIVs) were isolated from three whooper swans (Cygnus cygnus) at Gangjin Bay in South Jeolla province, South Korea. Identification of HPAIVs in wild birds is significant as there is a potential risk of transmission of these viruses to poultry and humans. RESULTS: Phylogenetic analysis revealed that Gangjin H5N6 viruses classified into Asian H5 clade 2.3.4.4 lineage and were distinguishable from H5N8 and H5N1 HPAIVs previously isolated in Korea...
March 21, 2017: Virology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326111/the-korean-version-of-the-schizophrenia-cognition-rating-scale-reliability-and-validity
#6
Eun-Chan Kang, Sung-Jin Kim, Young-Soo Seo, Sung-Soo Jung, Beom-Joo Seo, Jeoung-Whan Ryu, Joo-Cheol Shim, Jung-Joon Moon, Dong-Wook Jeon, Kyoung-Duck Park, Do-Un Jung
OBJECTIVE: This study's aim was to develop and standardize a Korean version (SCoRS-K) of the Schizophrenia Cognition Rating Scale (SCoRS), which is used to evaluate the degree of cognitive dysfunction affecting the everyday functioning of people with schizophrenia. METHODS: Eighty-four schizophrenia patients with stable symptoms who were receiving outpatient treatment and rehabilitation therapy, and 29 demographically matched non-patient controls, participated in the study...
March 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325064/diabetic-foot-complications-despite-successful-pancreas-transplantation
#7
Dong-Kyo Seo, Ho Seong Lee, Jungu Park, Chang Hyun Ryu, Duck Jong Han, Sang Gyo Seo
BACKGROUND: It is known that successful pancreas transplantation enables patients with diabetes to maintain a normal glucose level without insulin and reduces diabetes-related complications. However, we have little information about the foot-specific morbidity in patients who have undergone successful pancreas transplantation. The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence and predisposing factors for foot complications after successful pancreas transplantation. METHODS: This retrospective study included 218 patients (91 males, 127 females) who had undergone pancreas transplantation for diabetes...
March 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324819/impact-of-different-feedstocks-derived-biochar-amendment-with-cadmium-low-uptake-affinity-cultivar-of-pak-choi-brassica-rapa-ssb-chinensis-l-on-phytoavoidation-of-cd-to-reduce-potential-dietary-toxicity
#8
Kiran Yasmin Khan, Barkat Ali, Xiaoqiang Cui, Ying Feng, Xiaoe Yang, Peter Joseph Stoffella
Biochar has become eco-friendly amendment used for phytoavoidation with low cadmium (Cd) accumulating cultivars of crops to ensure food safety in Cd contaminated soils. In this study, biochar with different waste feedstock material were evaluated for their effectiveness on essential trace metals mobility, Cd bioavailability and its accumulation in two contrasting Cd accumulating cultivars of pak choi (Brassica rapa ssp. chinensis L.) grown in Cd contaminated Mollisol soil. A greenhouse experiment was conducted with plants grown in Cd contaminated soil that had been amended with biochar derived from barley straw, tomato green waste, chicken manure, duck manure and swine manure at application rate of 0%, 2...
March 18, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324238/kinetics-of-expression-of-genes-involved-in-glucose-metabolism-after-the-last-meal-in-overfed-mule-ducks
#9
Tavernier Annabelle, Ricaud Karine, Bernadet Marie-Dominique, Davail Stéphane, Gontier Karine
In waterfowls, overfeeding leads to a hepatic steatosis, also called "foie gras." We decided to investigate the role of glucose metabolism in steatosis emergence. For this, we measured the expression of genes during the 12 h following the last meal of the overfeeding period. As expected, it showed that the expression of glucose transporter is more precocious in jejunal mucosa, especially for SGLT1, known to be the major transporter at the apical surface. In the liver, GLUT2 and HK1 are upregulated at the same time and seem to work together to import glucose...
March 21, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323070/urbanization-and-the-dynamics-of-rna-viruses-in-mallards-anas-platyrhynchos
#10
Michelle Wille, Kristine Lindqvist, Shaman Muradrasoli, Björn Olsen, Josef D Järhult
Urbanization is intensifying worldwide, and affects the epidemiology of infectious diseases. However, the effect of urbanization on natural host-pathogen systems remains poorly understood. Urban ducks occupy an interesting niche in that they directly interact with both humans and wild migratory birds, and either directly or indirectly with food production birds. Here we have collected samples from Mallards residing in a pond in central Uppsala, Sweden, from January 2013 to January 2014. This artificial pond is kept ice-free during the winter months, and is a popular location where the ducks are fed, resulting in a resident population of ducks year-round...
March 17, 2017: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322696/incidence-and-characteristics-of-scarlet-fever-south-korea-2008-2015
#11
Duck Woong Park, Sun-Hee Kim, Jung Wook Park, Min-Ji Kim, Sun Ju Cho, Hye Jung Park, So Hyang Jung, Mi Hee Seo, Yong Seok Lee, Byung Hee Kim, Hyeran Min, Su Ya Lee, Dong Ryong Ha, Eun Sun Kim, Yeongjin Hong, Jae Keun Chung
The incidence rate for scarlet fever in South Korea is rising. During 2008-2015, we collected group A Streptococcus isolates and performed emm and exotoxin genotyping and disk-diffusion antimicrobial tests. Scarlet fever in South Korea was most closely associated with emm types emm4, emm28, emm1, and emm3. In 2015, tetracycline resistance started increasing.
April 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321890/a-training-model-for-revitalisation-procedures
#12
M Widbiller, S Ducke, A Eidt, W Buchalla, K M Galler
AIM: To develop an inexpensive simulation model for training of revitalisation procedures. METHODOLOGY: A replica of an immature maxillary central incisor was equipped with a mock blood reservoir at the root apex and embedded in a plaster model. Mock blood consisted of water supplemented with red pigments and fibrinogen, while thrombin was inserted into the root canal to allow for clot formation. RESULTS: A true-to-life training model for revitalisation procedures was established, where the induction of bleeding and formation of a blood clot can be mimicked...
March 21, 2017: International Endodontic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320263/duck-virus-enteritis-duck-plague-a-comprehensive-update
#13
Kuldeep Dhama, Naveen Kumar, Mani Saminathan, Ruchi Tiwari, Kumaragurubaran Karthik, M Asok Kumar, M Palanivelu, Muhammad Zubair Shabbir, Yashpal Singh Malik, Raj Kumar Singh
Duck virus enteritis (DVE), also called duck plague, is one of the major contagious and fatal diseases of ducks, geese and swan. It is caused by duck enteritis virus (DEV)/Anatid herpesvirus-1 of the genus Mardivirus, family Herpesviridae, and subfamily Alpha-herpesvirinae. Of note, DVE has worldwide distribution, wherein migratory waterfowl plays a crucial role in its transmission within and between continents. Furthermore, horizontal and/ or vertical transmission plays a significant role in disease spread through oral-fecal discharges...
December 2017: Veterinary Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318922/surgical-rehabilitation-for-anophthalmic-sockets-devoid-of-orbital-implant
#14
Doo-Ri Eo, Yoon-Duck Kim, Kyung In Woo
PURPOSE: To determine the necessity of rehabilitative surgical procedures for no implant anophthalmic sockets, and predictive factors of corrective operations after secondary orbital implantation. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Nineteen unilateral anophthalmic patients without orbital implant were included. The distance of eyebrow, upper eyelid margin, and lower eyelid margin from the horizontal medial canthal line (BM, UM, and LM, respectively) was measured using photographs...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316403/gastrointestinal-parasitic-infection-in-diverse-species-of-domestic-birds-of-manipur-india
#15
L Jayentakumar Singh, N Mohilal
Domesticated birds (515) consisting of 185 broiler (Gallusgallusdomesticus), 130 layers (Gallus Sp), 75 free range local chicken (Gallusdomesticus), 40 house pigeon (Columbalivia), 70 ducks (Anasplatyrhynchos) and 15 turkeys (Melleagrisgallopavo) reared in valley districts of Manipur were investigated for intestinal protozoan and helminthic infections. Fresh faecal samples of these birds were examined microscopically by direct wet smear with 2.5 % potassium dichromate (K2Cr2O7). Of these 412 (80 %) were found to be infected with different species of gastrointestinal parasites...
March 2017: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301248/small-poultry-flocks-in-alberta-demographics-and-practices
#16
Chunu Mainali, Ilona Houston
The distribution, composition, and management characteristics of small "backyard" poultry flocks may have important implications in the spread of both avian diseases and zoonoses of public health concern. Although the prevalence of small poultry flocks has increased in Alberta, Canada, in recent years, there is minimal demographic information available for these populations. To gain initial epidemiologic insight into this growing population and potential areas of risk, a survey was conducted to characterize the sector...
March 2017: Avian Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301247/different-duck-species-infected-intramuscularly-with-duck-origin-genotype-ix-apmv-1-show-discrepant-mortality-and-indicate-another-fatal-genotype-apmv-1-to-ducks
#17
Guanghua Fu, Longfei Cheng, Qiuling Fu, Baomin Qi, Cuiteng Chen, Shaohua Shi, Hongmei Chen, Chunhe Wan, Rongchang Liu, Yu Huang
Isolations of genotype IX (gIX) avian paramyxovirus type 1 (APMV-1) from various bird species have been more common recently, with isolates showing variable pathogenicity in different species of poultry. Here we sequenced the genome of a Muscovy duck origin gIX virus strain XBT14 and characterized the virulence and pathogenicity of this isolate in chickens and ducks. The genome sequence of strain XBT14 is 15,192 nt in length, containing multiple basic amino acids at the fusion protein cleavage site. The XBT14 strain shared 91...
March 2017: Avian Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301233/identification-of-type-a-influenza-viruses-from-wild-birds-on-the-delmarva-peninsula-2007-10
#18
Lauren A Preskenis, Brian S Ladman, Jack Gelb
Wild waterfowl and shorebirds in the Delaware-Maryland-Virginia (Delmarva) Peninsula region within the Atlantic Flyway were sampled as part of the Early Detection of Highly Pathogenic H5N1 Avian Influenza (AI) in Wild Migratory Birds program. The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) and state wildlife agencies submitted 7858 samples for AI virus (AIV) testing by real-time reverse transcription PCR (rRT-PCR) to the University of Delaware Poultry Health System from April 2007 to March 2011. Virus isolation attempts were performed on samples with matrix gene cycle threshold (Ct) values ≤33...
March 2017: Avian Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301229/low-pathogenic-avian-influenza-viruses-in-wild-migratory-waterfowl-in-a-region-of-high-poultry-production-delmarva-maryland
#19
Diann J Prosser, Christine L Densmore, Larry J Hindman, Deborah D Iwanowicz, Chris A Ottinger, Luke R Iwanowicz, Cindy P Driscoll, Jessica L Nagel
Migratory waterfowl are natural reservoirs for low pathogenic avian influenza viruses (AIVs) and may contribute to the long-distance dispersal of these pathogens as well as spillover into domestic bird populations. Surveillance for AIVs is critical to assessing risks for potential spread of these viruses among wild and domestic bird populations. The Delmarva Peninsula on the east coast of the United States is both a key convergence point for migratory Atlantic waterfowl populations and a region with high poultry production (>4,700 poultry meat facilities)...
March 2017: Avian Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300612/characterization-of-melanin-concentrating-hormone-mch-and-its-receptor-in-chickens-tissue-expression-functional-analysis-and-fasting-induced-up-regulation-of-hypothalamic-mch-expression
#20
Lin Cui, Chan Lv, Jiannan Zhang, Chunheng Mo, Dongliang Lin, Juan Li, Yajun Wang
Melanin-concentrating hormone (MCH) is a neuropeptide expressed in the brain and exerts its actions through interaction with the two known G protein-coupled receptors, namely melanin-concentrating hormone receptor 1 and 2 (MCHR1 and MCHR2) in mammals. However, the information regarding the expression and functionality of MCH and MCHR(s) remains largely unknown in birds. In this study, using RT-PCR and RACE PCR, we amplified and cloned a MCHR1-like receptor, which is named cMCHR4 according to its evolutionary origin, and a MCHR2 from chicken brain...
March 11, 2017: Gene
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