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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212775/one-stage-reconstruction-of-2-adjacent-nasal-defects-novel-nasal-alar-crease-flap-and-removal-of-burow-triangle
#1
Kyung Duck Park, Byung Cheol Park
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212632/exome-wide-association-study-identifies-genetic-polymorphisms-of-c12orf51-myl2-and-aldh2-associated-with-blood-lead-levels-in-the-general-korean-population
#2
Sang-Yong Eom, Myung Sil Hwang, Ji-Ae Lim, Byung-Sun Choi, Ho-Jang Kwon, Jung-Duck Park, Yong-Dae Kim, Heon Kim
BACKGROUND: Lead (Pb) is a ubiquitous toxic metal present in the environment that poses adverse health effects to humans. Inter-individual variation in blood Pb levels is affected by various factors, including genetic makeup. However, limited data are available on the association between genetic variation and blood Pb levels. The purpose of this study was to identify the genetic markers associated with blood Pb levels in the Korean population. METHODS: The study subjects consisted of 1,483 healthy adults with no history of occupational exposure to Pb...
February 17, 2017: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209505/botulinum-toxin-treatment-for-nocturnal-calf-cramps-in-patients-with-lumbar-spinal-stenosis-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#3
Sang Jun Park, Kyung Bong Yoon, Duck Mi Yoon, Shin Hyung Kim
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the clinical effectiveness of botulinum toxin (BTX) injection into the gastrocnemius muscles in lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) patients with frequent nocturnal calf cramps (NCCs) DESIGN: Prospective randomized clinical trial SETTING: Outpatient department for interventional pain management. PARTICIPANTS: Fifty LSS patients with a frequency of NCCs ≥ once per week were enrolled. INTERVENTION: Patients were randomly allocated to receive either conservative treatments plus gabapentin (Group GPN) or BTX injection (Group BTX)...
February 13, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208002/expression-of-hepatocyte-hepatitis-b-core-antigen-and-hepatitis-b-surface-antigen-as-a-marker-in-the-management-of-chronic-hepatitis-b-patients
#4
Sun Young Yim, Tae Hyung Kim, Suh Sang Jun, Eun Sun Kim, Bora Keum, Yeon Seok Seo, Hyung Joon Yim, Yoon Tae Jeen, Hoon Jai Chun, Hong Sik Lee, Soon Ho Um, Chang Duck Kim, Nam Hee Won, Ho Sang Ryu
Background/Aims: We aimed to clarify the association of HBsAg/HBcAg with the disease status and treatment response in patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB). Methods: We investigated 171 biopsy-proven entecavir-treated CHB patients (109 HBeAg-positive, 62 HBeAg-negative). HBcAg expression was positive when ≥10% of hepatocytes stained, and classified into nuclear, mixed, and cytoplasmic patterns. HBsAg expressions were intracytoplasmic (diffuse, globular, and submembranous) and membranous...
February 17, 2017: Gut and Liver
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206753/charge-density-wave-in-the-new-polymorphs-of-re2ru3ge5-re-pr-sm-dy
#5
Daniel E Bugaris, Christos D Malliakas, Fei Han, Nicholas P Calta, Mihai Sturza, Matthew Krogstad, Raymond Osborn, Stephan Rosenkranz, Jacob P C Ruff, Giancarlo Trimarchi, Sergey L Bud'ko, Mahalingam Balasubramanian, Duck Young Chung, Mercouri G Kanatzidis
A new polymorph of the RE2Ru3Ge5 (RE = Pr, Sm, Dy) compounds has been grown as single crystals via an indium flux. These compounds crystallize in tetragonal space group P4/mnc with the Sc2Fe3Si5-type structure, having lattice parameters a = 11.020(2) Å and c = 5.853(1) Å for RE = Pr, a = 10.982(2) Å and c = 5.777(1) Å for RE = Sm, and a = 10.927(2) Å and c = 5.697(1) Å for RE = Dy. These materials exhibit a structural transition at low temperature that occurs due to the charge density wave (CDW). Both the high-temperature average crystal structure and the low-temperature incommensurately modulated crystal structure (for Sm2Ru3Ge5 as a representative) have been solved...
February 16, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204698/the-effects-of-bacillus-coagulans-fermented-and-non-fermented-ginkgo-biloba-on-abdominal-fat-deposition-and-meat-quality-of-peking-duck
#6
Xiaoyan Liu, Guanjun Cao, Jinglong Zhou, Xuan Yao, Binghu Fang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 16, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203118/human-u87-glioblastoma-cells-with-stemness-features-display-enhanced-sensitivity-to-natural-killer-cell-cytotoxicity-through-altered-expression-of-nkg2d-ligand
#7
Se-Jeong Oh, Jung-In Yang, Ok Kim, Eun-Jung Ahn, Woo Dae Kang, Jae-Hyuk Lee, Kyung-Sub Moon, Kyung-Hwa Lee, Duck Cho
BACKGROUND: Glioblastoma (GBM) is one of the most lethal tumors with a poor prognosis. Its inevitable recurrence is frequently explained by the presence of cancer stem cells. We aimed to show that human GBM cells with stemness features are more sensitive to natural killer (NK) cells than GBM cells without stemness characteristics. METHODS: Natural killer cell cytotoxicity was measured using flow cytometry in neurosphere-forming U87 GBM cells cultured with neurobasal media (NBE condition) and compared with that in serum-cultured U87 GBM cells (serum condition)...
2017: Cancer Cell International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202755/low-pathogenic-influenza-a-viruses-in-north-american-diving-ducks-contribute-to-the-emergence-of-a-novel-highly-pathogenic-influenza-a-h7n8-virus
#8
Yifei Xu, Andrew M Ramey, Andrew S Bowman, Thomas J DeLiberto, Mary L Killian, Scott Krauss, Jacqueline M Nolting, Mia Kim Torchetti, Andrew B Reeves, Richard J Webby, David E Stallknecht, Xiu-Feng Wan
Introductions of low pathogenic avian influenza (LPAI) viruses of subtypes H5 and H7 into poultry from wild birds have the potential to mutate to highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI), but such viruses' origins are often unclear. In January 2016, a novel H7N8 HPAI virus caused an outbreak in turkeys in Indiana, USA. To determine the virus's origin, we sequenced genomes of 441 wild bird-origin influenza A viruses (IAVs) from North America and subjected them to evolutionary analyses. Results showed that the H7N8 LPAI virus most likely circulated among diving ducks in the Mississippi flyway during autumn 2015 and was subsequently introduced to Indiana turkeys, in which it evolved high pathogenicity...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198082/pck1-expression-is-correlated-with-the-plasma-glucose-level-in-the-duck
#9
L Chen, T Zeng, G Q Li, R Liu, Y Tian, Q H Li, L Z Lu
Phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase 1 (soluble) (PCK1) is a key gene in gluconeogenesis and glyceroneogenesis. Although its functions have been extensively studied in mice, bats and humans, little is known in ducks. Here, PCK1 functions were studied using a duck domestication model and a 48-h fasting experiment. We found PCK1 expression significantly decreased in two breeds of domestic ducks (Jinyun Pockmark ducks and Cherry Valley ducks) as compared with wild ducks (Anas platyrhynchos). Simultaneously, plasma levels of glucose, triglycerides and free fatty acid in domestic ducks were lower than in wild ducks...
February 15, 2017: Animal Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193172/comparison-of-pathogenic-and-non-pathogenic-enterococcus-cecorum-strains-from-different-animal-species
#10
Arne Jung, Martin Metzner, Martin Ryll
BACKGROUND: Enterococcus cecorum (EC) infection currently is one of the most important bacterial diseases of modern broiler chickens but can also affect ducks or other avian species. However, little is known concerning pathogenesis of EC and most studies concentrate on examinations of EC strains from broilers only. The objective of this study was to compare pathogenic and commensal EC strains from different animal species concerning different phenotypic and genotypic traits. RESULTS: Pathogenic and commensal EC strains were not clearly separated from each other in a phylogenetic tree based on partial sequences of the 16S-rRNA-gene and also based on the fatty acid profile determined with gas chromatography...
February 13, 2017: BMC Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191705/microbial-diversity-of-different-modified-atmosphere-packed-pot-stewed-duck-wings-products-during-8%C3%A2-c-storage
#11
K Ye, M Liu, J Liu, J Jiang, C Guo
: The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of spices and packaging films on the bacterial dynamics of pot-stewed duck wings (PSDW) during storage at 8°C. The results showed that spices added at a 1 : 1 ratio (weight ratio of pungent spices and fragrant spices) could delay the lag period of bacterial growth and extend the shelf-life of PSDW. Denaturing Gel Gradient Electrophoresis (DGGE) analysis indicated that the predominant bacteria in PSDW at the end of storage were Weisella hellenica, Weisella diestrammenae, Staphylococcus equorum and Streptococcus parauberis, and spices added at a 1 : 1 ratio showed better inhibition for bacteria at the end of storage, except for W...
March 2017: Letters in Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183350/pharmacokinetic-and-pharmacodynamic-modeling-of-sarafloxacin-against-avian-pathogenic-escherichia-coli-in-muscovy-ducks
#12
Yang Yu, Yu Feng Zhou, Jian Sun, Wei Shi, Xiao Ping Liao, Ya Hong Liu
BACKGROUND: This study focused on utilizing pharmacokinetics/pharmacodynamics (PK/PD) modeling to optimize therapeutic dosage regimens of sarafloxacin against avian pathogenic Escherichia. coli O78 strain in Muscovy ducks. The ex vivo PK/PD study of sarafloxacin was conducted in Muscovy ducks after intravenous (i.v.) and oral (p.o.) administrations at a single dose of 10 mg/kg bodyweight (BW). The serum samples were analyzed by reverse phase high-performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC) using a fluorescence detection method...
February 10, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181239/reproduction-of-the-duck-catfish-ageneiosus-ucayalensis-in-a-ria-river-system
#13
V A Oliveira, M A P Ferreira, R M Rocha, L F A Montag
A total of 1006 duck catfish Ageneiosus ucayalensis were collected from a ria river system of eastern Amazonia, of which 733 were females and 273 males, a sex ratio 2·69:1. Condition factors of males were higher than those of females and size at first sexual maturity (L50 ) was 12·8 cm for females and 11·8 cm for males. The relative frequency of mature specimens and gonad condition indices indicate that the breeding season is short and coincides with the rainy season.
February 8, 2017: Journal of Fish Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178699/identification-of-the-nuclear-localization-signal-region-of-duck-enteritis-virus-ul14-and-its-interaction-with-vp16
#14
FangJie Li, YuWei Zhang, Shun Chen, MingShu Wang, RenYong Jia, DeKang Zhu, MaFeng Liu, KunFeng Sun, Qiao Yang, Ying Wu, XiaoYue Chen, AnChun Cheng
OBJECT: Duck enteritis virus (DEV) is a member of the Alphaherpesvirinae viruses. VP16 and pUL14 are both predicted to be tegument proteins of DEV. METHODS: An indirect immunofluorescence assay (IFA) was performed for preliminary analysis of the colocalization of pUL14 and VP16, which detected their subcellular localization in duck embryo fibroblasts (DEFs) during virus replication. The coexpression of pUL14 and VP16 was detected in transfected DEFs. A bimolecular fluorescence complementation (BiFC) assay was used to confirm a direct interaction between pUL14 and VP16...
February 9, 2017: Intervirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177853/antimicrobial-resistance-and-virulence-associated-genes-of-campylobacter-spp-isolated-from-raw-milk-fish-poultry-and-red-meat
#15
Mojtaba Raeisi, Rahem Khoshbakht, Ezzat Allah Ghaemi, Mahsan Bayani, Mohammad Hashemi, Navisa Sadat Seyedghasemi, Hesamaddin Shirzad-Aski
This study was designed and conducted to evaluate the frequency, antimicrobial resistance, and presence of six virulence-associated genes among thermophilic Campylobacters isolated from raw milk, poultry (chicken, turkey, and duck), fish, cattle, and sheep meat. Out of 590 samples, which were recovered from different origins, 141 (23.9%) samples were positive for Campylobacters. Campylobacter spp. was isolated in 40.8% (106/260), 14% (28/200), and 8.7% (7/80) of poultry meat, red meat, and milk samples, respectively...
February 8, 2017: Microbial Drug Resistance: MDR: Mechanisms, Epidemiology, and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174661/movement-patterns-of-a-keystone-waterbird-species-are-highly-predictable-from-landscape-configuration
#16
Erik Kleyheeg, Jacintha G B van Dijk, Despina Tsopoglou-Gkina, Tara Y Woud, Dieuwertje K Boonstra, Bart A Nolet, Merel B Soons
BACKGROUND: Movement behaviour is fundamental to the ecology of animals and their interactions with other organisms, and as such contributes to ecosystem dynamics. Waterfowl are key players in ecological processes in wetlands and surrounding habitats through predator-prey interactions and their transportation of nutrients and other organisms. Understanding the drivers of their movement behaviour is crucial to predict how environmental changes affect their role in ecosystem functioning...
2017: Movement Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174589/effects-of-insect-proof-net-cultivation-rice-duck-farming-and-organic-matter-return-on-rice-dry-matter-accumulation-and-nitrogen-utilization
#17
Xin Liu, Guochun Xu, Qiangsheng Wang, Yuhao Hang
Insect-proof net cultivation (IPN), rice-duck farming (RD), and organic matter return (OM) are important methods to realize sustainable development of rice production. A split-plot field experiment was performed to study the effects of IPN, RD, and OM on the rice yield, dry matter accumulation and N utilization. Results showed that compared to inorganic N fertilizer (IN), wheat straw return, and biogas residue return increased the rice yield by 2.11-4.28 and 4.78-7.67%, respectively, and also improved dry matter and N accumulation after the elongation stage (EG), dry matter and N translocation, and N recovery efficiency (NRE)...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174080/extraction-and-characterization-of-gelatin-from-the-feet-of-pekin-duck-anas-platyrhynchos-domestica-as-affected-by-acid-alkaline-and-enzyme-pretreatment
#18
Ahmadreza Abedinia, Fazilah Ariffin, Nurul Huda, Abdorreza Mohammadi Nafchi
The effects of different pretreatments on yield and composition of extraction, physicochemical, and rheological properties of duck feet gelatin (DFG) were investigated. Gelatins were extracted from the whole feet of Pekin duck with an average yield of 4.09%, 3.65%, and 5.75% for acidic (Ac-DFG), alkaline (Al-DFG), and enzymatic (En-DFG) pretreatment on a wet weight basis, respectively. Proteins at 81.38%, 79.41%, 82.55%, and 87.38% were the major composition for Ac-DFG, Al-DFG, En-DFG, and bovine, respectively...
February 4, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166822/disruption-of-the-m949_rs01915-gene-changed-the-bacterial-lipopolysaccharide-pattern-pathogenicity-and-gene-expression-of-riemerella-anatipestifer
#19
Yafeng Dou, Xiaolan Wang, Guijing Yu, Shaohui Wang, Mingxing Tian, Jingjing Qi, Tao Li, Chan Ding, Shengqing Yu
Riemerella anatipestifer is an important pathogen that causes septicemia anserum exsudativa in ducks. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) is considered to be a major virulence factor of R. anatipestifer. To identify genes involved in LPS biosynthesis, we screened a library of random Tn4351 transposon mutants using a monoclonal antibody against R. anatipestifer serotype 1 LPS (anti-LPS MAb). A mutant strain RA1067 which lost the reactivity in an indirect ELISA was obtained. Southern blot and sequencing analyses indicated a single Tn4351 was inserted at 116 bp in the M949_RS01915 gene in the RA1067 chromosomal DNA...
February 6, 2017: Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166518/filtering-of-discrete-time-switched-neural-networks-ensuring-exponential-dissipative-and-l%C3%A2-l%C3%A2-performances
#20
Hyun Duck Choi, Choon Ki Ahn, Hamid Reza Karimi, Myo Taeg Lim
This paper studies delay-dependent exponential dissipative and l₂-l∞ filtering problems for discrete-time switched neural networks (DSNNs) including time-delayed states. By introducing a novel discrete-time inequality, which is a discrete-time version of the continuous-time Wirtinger-type inequality, we establish new sets of linear matrix inequality (LMI) criteria such that discrete-time filtering error systems are exponentially stable with guaranteed performances in the exponential dissipative and l₂-l∞ senses...
January 31, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Cybernetics
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