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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530771/macrophage-migration-inhibitory-factor-levels-correlate-with-an-infection-in-trauma-patients
#1
Young Duck Cho, Sung Hyuk Choi, Jung Youn Kim, Sung Jun Park, Young Hoon Yoon, Han Jin Cho, Ji Won Yeom
BACKGROUND: The role of migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is best understood in septic shock and septic disease; however, the role of MIF in a secondary infection after trauma has not yet been completely studied. This study aimed to evaluate the role of MIF in trauma patients. METHODS: The patients in the study population were divided into two groups according to the results of their MIF levels. The initial MIF levels, trauma mechanism, revised trauma score, survival rate, length of stay (LOS) in the intensive care unit (ICU), level of leukocytes, and level of C-reactive protein (CRP) were compared between the groups...
May 2017: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530559/meat-species-identification-by-two-direct-triplex-real-time-pcr-assays-using-low-resolution-melting
#2
Phuvadol Thanakiatkrai, Thitika Kitpipit
We developed and validated the first direct multiplex real-time PCR assay with melt curve analysis for the identification of different types of meat. The assay detects six commonly eaten meat species and provides the following benefits: ease of use, shortened analysis time, and decreased analysis cost. Species-specific primers were designed from cytochrome b, cytochrome oxidase I, and 16S rRNA genes to generate PCR products with specific melting peaks that differentiate pork, beef, horsemeat, duck meat, ostrich meat, and chicken...
October 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529504/a-novel-avian-paramyxovirus-putative-serotype-15-isolated-from-wild-birds
#3
Hyun-Jeong Lee, Ji-Ye Kim, Youn-Jeong Lee, Eun-Kyung Lee, Byoung-Min Song, Hee-Soo Lee, Kang-Seuk Choi
In January 2014, a viral hemagglutinating agent named UPO216 was isolated from fecal droppings of wild birds at the UPO wetland in South Korea during an avian influenza surveillance program. Electron microscopy identified the UPO216 virus as an avian paramyxovirus (APMV). Pathogenicity tests and molecular pathotyping revealed that the virus was avirulent in chickens. The UPO216 virus was assigned to a serological group antigenically distinct from known serotypes of APMV (-1, -2, -3, -4, -6, -7, -8, and -9) by hemagglutination inhibition test, despite showing weak cross-reactivity with APMV-1 and APMV-9...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526197/towards-a-quantitative-indicator-of-feather-disruption-following-the-cleansing-of-oiled-birds
#4
Stephen W Bigger, Lawrence N Ngeh, Peter Dann, John D Orbell
A computer-based imaging method for determining feather microstructure coherency following a cleansing treatment, was developed, calibrated and trialled on Mallard Duck (Anas platyrhyhchos) feathers. The feathers were initially contaminated with a light crude oil and then cleansed by either detergent (Deacon 90) treatment or, alternatively, by magnetic particle technology (MPT) using iron powder. The imaging method provides a single quantitative parameter for the coherence of feather microstructure and the results confirm that MPT treatment imparts less disruption to the feather microstructure than detergent treatment...
May 16, 2017: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525340/detection-of-bordetella-avium-by-taqman-real-time-pcr-in-tracheal-swabs-from-wildlife-birds
#5
T Stenzel, D Pestka, B Tykałowski, M Śmiałek, A Koncicki, A Bancerz-Kisiel
Bordetella avium, the causing agent of bordetellosis, a highly contagious infection of the respiratory tract in young poultry, causes significant losses in poultry farming throughout the world. Wildlife birds can be a reservoir of various pathogens that infect farm animals. For this reason the studies were conducted to estimate the prevalence of Bordetella avium in wildlife birds in Poland. Tracheal swab samples were collected from 650 birds representing 27 species. The bacterial DNA was isolated directly from the swabs and screened for Bordetella avium by TaqMan real-time PCR...
March 28, 2017: Polish Journal of Veterinary Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522703/complete-genome-sequence-of-an-avian-paramyxovirus-type-4-strain-isolated-from-domestic-duck-at-a-live-bird-market-in-south-korea
#6
Erdene-Ochir Tseren-Ochir, Seong-Su Yuk, Jung-Hoon Kwon, Jin-Yong Noh, Woo-Tack Hong, Jei-Hyun Jeong, Sol Jeong, Yu-Jin Kim, Kyu-Jik Kim, Ji-Ho Lee, Jun-Beom Kim, Joong-Bok Lee, Seung-Yong Park, In-Soo Choi, Sang-Won Lee, Chang-Seon Song
We report here the first full-genome sequence of an avian paramyxovirus type 4 (APMV-4) strain isolated from a domestic mallard duck at a live bird market in South Korea. Phylogenetic analyses provide genetic information on a new genetic clade, APMV-4, isolated from a domestic duck and evidence of APMV-4 exchange between poultry and wild birds.
May 18, 2017: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28518038/febrile-respiratory-illness-associated-with-human-adenovirus-type-55-in-south-korea-military-2014-20161
#7
Hongseok Yoo, Se Hun Gu, Jaehun Jung, Dong Hyun Song, Changgyo Yoon, Duck Jin Hong, Eun Young Lee, Woong Seog, Il-Ung Hwang, Daesang Lee, Seong Tae Jeong, Kyungmin Huh
An outbreak of febrile respiratory illness associated with human adenovirus (HAdV) occurred in the South Korea military during the 2014-15 influenza season and thereafter. Molecular typing and phylogenetic analysis of patient samples identified HAdV type 55 as the causative agent. Emergence of this novel HAdV necessitates continued surveillance in military and civilian populations.
June 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28517370/evaluation-of-dietary-methionine-requirement-of-male-korean-native-ducks-for-3%C3%A2-weeks-post-hatching
#8
Jaehong Yoo, Young-Joo Yi, Samiru S Wickramasuriya, Eunjoo Kim, Taeg Kyun Shin, Nu Ri Kim, Jung Min Heo
A total of 336 1-day-old male Korean native ducks (KND) were used in a completely randomized design with seven dietary methionine levels (0.30-0.90% with 0.1% increment) to determine the methionine requirement of male Korean native ducks for 3 weeks after hatching. Each dietary treatment had six replicates with eight ducklings per pen. One duckling from each pen (n = 6) was sacrificed to weigh empty body and drumsticks at the end of the experiment. Final body weight and weight gain of 3 weeks old KND were increased with increasing dietary methionine levels up to 0...
May 18, 2017: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516729/proteome-analysis-of-duck-tembusu-virus-dtmuv-infected-bhk-21-cells
#9
Xin Sun, Shengyu Wang, Xian Lin, Lianzhong Zhao, Dan Zhang, Chenyang Yi, Xiaomei Sun, Huanchun Chen, Meilin Jin
Duck Tembusu virus (DTMUV) is a newly emerging pathogenic flavivirus that has caused huge economic losses to the duck industry in China since 2010. Moreover, the infection has spread rapidly, posing a potential public health concern. In this study, iTRAQ approach was firstly used to quantitatively identify differentially expressed cellular proteins in DTMUV-infected BHK-21 cells which are usually employed to produce veterinary vaccines for DTMUV, as well as other flaviviruses by serial passage. We identified 192 differentially expressed cellular proteins, including 11 upregulated and 8 downregulated proteins at 24 h postinfection (hpi), as well as 25 upregulated and 151 downregulated proteins at 48 hpi, of which TLR9, DDX3X, and DDX5 may play important roles in virus propagation...
May 17, 2017: Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515653/assessment-of-microbial-and-radioactive-contaminations-in-korean-cold-duck-meats-and-electron-beam-application-for-quality-improvement
#10
Kyung-A An, Yunhee Jo, Muhammad Sajid Arshad, Gui-Ran Kim, Cheorun Jo, Joong-Ho Kwon
Animal-origin food products pose serious threat to public food safety due to high microbial loads. The microbial and radioactive contaminations in commercial cold duck meat products were evaluated. Ten different lots of commercial samples (C1-C10) were classified based on type and smoking process. All samples were highly contaminated (< 4-7 Log CFU/g) with total aerobic bacteria (TAB), yeasts and molds (Y&M), and 7 samples (C1-C7) were positive for coliforms. Furthermore, three samples were contaminated with Listeria monocytogenes (C4-C6) and one with Salmonella typhimurium (C6)...
2017: Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515647/comparative-study-on-compositions-and-functional-properties-of-porcine-chicken-and-duck-blood
#11
Supaluk Sorapukdee, Supawadee Narunatsopanon
Hematological, chemical and functional characteristics of porcine, chicken and duck blood were evaluated. A porcine blood sample showed the most abundant red blood cell, hemoglobin concentration, packed cell volume and plasma protein content as well as its freeze-dried blood possessed the highest contents of protein, fat, Cu and Cr with the highest percentage of heme iron (p<0.05). Unlike porcine blood, chicken blood showed a well balance in some essential amino acids, specifically for a higher isoleucine content (p<0...
2017: Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513757/-new-drugs-for-horses-and-production-animals-in-2016
#12
Ilka Ute Emmerich
In 2016, only one newly developed active pharmaceutical ingredient for horses and food-producing animals was released on the German market for veterinary drug products. The immunomodulator Pegbovigrastim is now available as an injection solution for cattle (Imrestor(®)). Four established veterinary active pharmaceutical ingredients are available for further species: the ectoparasitic Amitraz (Apitraz(®)) from the triazapentadiene group was additionally authorized for honeybees, the expectorant Bromhexine (Exflow(®) Vet) for chickens, turkeys and ducks and the macrolide antibiotic Gamithromycin (Zactran(®)) for pigs...
May 17, 2017: Tierärztliche Praxis. Ausgabe G, Grosstiere/Nutztiere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513330/the-pathogenesis-of-clade-2-3-4-4-h5-highly-pathogenic-avian-influenza-viruses-in-ruddy-duck-oxyura-jamaicensis-and-lesser-scaup-aythya-affinis
#13
Erica Spackman, Diann J Prosser, Mary J Pantin-Jackwood, Alicia M Berlin, Christopher B Stephens
Waterfowl are the natural hosts of avian influenza virus (AIV) and disseminate the virus worldwide through migration. Historically, surveillance and research efforts for AIV in waterfowl have focused on dabbling ducks. The role of diving ducks in AIV ecology has not been well characterized. In this study, we examined the relative susceptibility and pathogenicity of clade 2.3.4.4 H5 highly pathogenic (HP) AIV (HPAIV) in two species of diving ducks. Juvenile and adult Ruddy Duck (Oxyura jamaicensis) and juvenile Lesser Scaup (Aythya affinis) were intranasally inoculated with A/Northern Pintail/WA/40964/2014 H5N2 HPAIV...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Wildlife Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509866/hdac8-prevents-anthrax-lethal-toxin-induced-cell-cycle-arrest-through-silencing-pten-in-human-monocytic-thp-1-cells
#14
Soon-Duck Ha, Woohyun Cho, Sung Ouk Kim
Anthrax lethal toxin (LeTx) is a cytotoxic virulence factor that causes cell cycle arrest and cell death in various cell types. However, susceptibility to the cytotoxic effects varies depending on cell types. In proliferating monocytes, LeTx has only transient cytotoxic effects due to activation of the phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)-AKT-mediated adaptive responses. To date, the mechanism of LeTx in activating PI3K-AKT signaling axis is unknown. This study shows that the histone deacetylase 8 (HDAC8) is involved in activating PI3K-AKT signaling axis through down-regulating the phosphatase and tensin homolog 1 (PTEN) in human monocytic THP-1 cells...
May 16, 2017: Toxins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509652/risk-assessment-of-zinc-oxide-a-cosmetic-ingredient-used-as-a-uv-filter-of-sunscreens
#15
Kyu-Bong Kim, Young Woo Kim, Seong Kwang Lim, Tae Hyun Roh, Du Yeon Bang, Seul Min Choi, Duck Soo Lim, Yeon Joo Kim, Seol-Hwa Baek, Min-Kook Kim, Hyo-Seon Seo, Min-Hwa Kim, Hyung Sik Kim, Joo Young Lee, Sam Kacew, Byung-Mu Lee
Zinc oxide (ZnO), an inorganic compound that appears as a white powder, is used frequently as an ingredient in sunscreens. The aim of this review was to examine the toxicology and risk assessment of ZnO based upon available published data. Recent studies on acute, sub-acute, and chronic toxicities of ZnO indicated that this compound is virtually non-toxic in animal models. However, it was reported that ZnO nanoparticles (NP) (particle size, 40 nm) induced significant changes in anemia-related hematologic parameters and mild to moderate pancreatitis in male and female Sprague-Dawley rats at 536...
2017: Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health. Part B, Critical Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507474/anacardium-microcarpum-extract-and-fractions-protect-against-paraquat-induced-toxicity-in-drosophila-melanogaster
#16
Katiane Raquel Müller, Illana Kemmerich Martins, Nathane Rosa Rodrigues, Litiele Cezar da Cruz, Valter Menezes Barbosa Filho, Giulianna Echeverria Macedo, Gustavo Felipe da Silva, Jean Paul Kamdem, Irwin Rose Alencar de Menezes, Jeferson Luis Franco, Thaís Posser
Anacardium microcarpum Ducke (Anacardiaceae) is a native species of Brazil used in folk medicine for the treatment of several illnesses although its antioxidant activity has been reported in vitro, there is no evidence of this effect in an in vivo model. Here, we investigated the potential protective effect of hydroalcoholic extract (AMHE), methanol (AMMF) and acetate (AMAF) fraction of A. microcarpum against paraquat toxicity on survivorship, locomotor performance, antioxidant enzymes activity and reactive species using Drosophila melanogaster...
2017: EXCLI journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506271/agrobiodiversity-and-in-situ-conservation-in-ethnic-minority-communities-of-xishuangbanna-in-yunnan-province-southwest-china
#17
Shicai Shen, Gaofeng Xu, Diyu Li, David Roy Clements, Fudou Zhang, Guimei Jin, Jianyong Wu, Pingfang Wei, Song Lin, Dayuan Xue
BACKGROUND: Xishuangbanna of Yunnan Province, southwest of China belongs to a global biodiversity and cultural hotspot. Agrobiodiversity plays an essential role in local livelihoods and traditional culture in the region. However, preliminary studies suggest that diversity of crop plants and livestock species is declining. We hypothesized that agrobiodiversity and traditional means of preserving agrobiodiversity are threatened because of changes in government policy in favor of commercial plantations, land use change and changes in traditional agricultural practices...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504272/sirt1-carboxyl-domain-is-an-atp-repressible-domain-that-is-transferrable-to-other-proteins
#18
Hyeog Kang, Shinichi Oka, Duck-Yeon Lee, Junhong Park, Angel M Aponte, Young-Sang Jung, Jacob Bitterman, Peiyong Zhai, Yi He, Hamed Kooshapur, Rodolfo Ghirlando, Nico Tjandra, Sean B Lee, Myung K Kim, Junichi Sadoshima, Jay H Chung
Sirt1 is an NAD(+)-dependent protein deacetylase that regulates many physiological functions, including stress resistance, adipogenesis, cell senescence and energy production. Sirt1 can be activated by energy deprivation, but the mechanism is poorly understood. Here, we report that Sirt1 is negatively regulated by ATP, which binds to the C-terminal domain (CTD) of Sirt1. ATP suppresses Sirt1 activity by impairing the CTD's ability to bind to the deacetylase domain as well as its ability to function as the substrate recruitment site...
May 15, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503893/a-comparison-of-two-sources-of-methionine-supplemented-at-different-levels-on-heat-shock-protein-70-expression-and-oxidative-stress-product-of-peking-ducks-subjected-to-heat-stress
#19
L Guo, R Li, Y F Zhang, T Y Qin, Q S Li, X X Li, Z L Qi
The aim of this study was to examine the effects of different sources and levels of methionine (Met) on Heat shock proteins HSP70 expression and protein carbonylation in liver, HSP70 expression and malondialdehyde (MDA) concentration in intestine under heat stress conditions during summer. A total of 720 (4 days old) Peking ducks were placed 20 per pen into six replicates for each of the six treatments with a 2 × 3 factorial arrangement, such that two sources of Met (DL-methionine [DLM] and DL-2-hydroxy-4-methylthiobutyrate [HMTBA] were supplemented at three different levels (0...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501627/detection-of-viromes-of-rna-viruses-using-the-next-generation-sequencing-libraries-prepared-by-three-methods
#20
Yuan Qiu, Ji-Ming Chen, Tong Wang, Guang-Yu Hou, Qing-Ye Zhuang, Run Wu, Kai-Cheng Wang
Virome (viral megagenomics) detection using next generation sequencing has been widely applied in virology, but its methods remain complicated and need optimization. In this study, we detected the viromes of RNA viruses of one mock sample, one pooled duck feces sample and one pooled mink feces sample on the Personal Genome Machine platform using the sequencing libraries prepared by three methods. The sequencing primers were added through random hybridization and ligation to fragmented viral RNA using a RNA-Seq kit in method 1, through random reverse transcription (RT) and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in method 2 which was developed in our laboratory, and through hybridization and ligation to fragmented amplicons of random RT-PCR using a single primer in method 3...
May 10, 2017: Virus Research
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