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Mohammad-Hosein Sinkakarimi, Lukasz J Binkowski, Mehdi Hassanpour, Ghasem Rajaei, Mohsen Ahmadpour, Jeffrey M Levengood
Miankaleh and Gomishan International Wetlands are important wintering areas for waterbirds in the Caspian Sea region. Previous studies revealed increased exposure to metals in some species of waterbirds using these wetlands. In this study, we examined concentrations of cadmium (Cd), chromium (Cr), iron (Fe), lead (Pb), and zinc (Zn) in kidneys, liver, and pectoral muscle of wintering Gadwall (Anas strepera) and Common Teal (Anas crecca) collected in 2012. In addition, we measured concentrations of these elements in water and sediments from the collection sites...
January 13, 2018: Biological Trace Element Research
N Moyen, G Ahmed, S Gupta, T Tenzin, R Khan, T Khan, N Debnath, M Yamage, D U Pfeiffer, G Fournie
BACKGROUND: Since its first report in 2007, avian influenza (AI) has been endemic in Bangladesh. While live poultry marketing is widespread throughout the country and known to influence AI dissemination and persistence, trading patterns have not been described. The aim of this study is to assess poultry trading practices and features of the poultry trading networks which could promote AI spread, and their potential implications for disease control and surveillance. Data on poultry trading practices was collected from 849 poultry traders during a cross-sectional survey in 138 live bird markets (LBMs) across 17 different districts of Bangladesh...
January 12, 2018: BMC Veterinary Research
Pengcheng Xu, Xian Zhou, Defu Xu, Yanbing Xiang, Wanting Ling, Mindong Chen
This study investigated the occurrence and contamination risk of estrogens in livestock manure in Jiangsu Province, China. Four estrogens-estriol (E3), 17β-estradiol (17β-E2), bisphenol A (BPA), and 17α-ethinyloestradiol (EE2)-were detected in livestock manure from hens, ducks, swine, and cows. The respective mean concentrations of each estrogen found in these manures were 289.8, 334.1, 330.3, and 33.7 μg/kg for E3; 38.6, 10.9, 52.9, and 38.8 μg/kg for 17β-E2; 63.6, 48.7, 51.9, and 11.7 μg/kg for BPA; and 14...
January 12, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Cheng Zhang, Richard-Hermann Ah Kan Razafindrabe, Kaikai Chen, Xiaohui Zhao, Lei Yang, Li Wang, Xingyong Chen, Sihua Jin, Zhaoyu Geng
This study was conducted using a total of 360 22-day-old Chaohu ducks to evaluate the effect of rearing system on growth performance, carcass traits, meat quality and serum parameters of male and female Chaohu ducks. The birds were divided and raised in separate pens according to sex and rearing system, with three replicate pens of 30 male or 30 female ducks per pen for each rearing system. The rearing systems consisted of a floor rearing system (FRS) and a net rearing system (NRS). Results showed that ducks raised in NRS had better growth performance, whereas, ducks raised in FRS exhibited better carcass traits and meat color, and lower intramuscular fat...
January 9, 2018: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
Woonsang Baek, Sujeong Baek, Duck Young Kim
Many fault detection methods have been proposed for monitoring the health of various industrial systems. Characterizing the monitored signals is a prerequisite for selecting an appropriate detection method. However, fault detection methods tend to be decided with user's subjective knowledge or their familiarity with the method, rather than following a predefined selection rule. This study investigates the performance sensitivity of two detection methods, with respect to status signal characteristics of given systems: abrupt variance, characteristic indicator, discernable frequency, and discernable index...
January 8, 2018: Sensors
Jung Wook Park, Sun Hee Kim, Duck Woong Park, So Hyang Jung, Hye Jung Park, Mi Hee Seo, Hyeon Je Song, Jung Yoon Lee, Dong Min Kim, Choon Mi Kim, Byong Chul Gill, Hang Jin Jeong, Jeong Min Lee, Dong Ryong Ha, Eun Sun Kim, Jae Keun Chung
A phylogenetic analysis of Orientia tsutsugamushi was performed to elucidate its antigenic diversity in chiggers, small mammals, and patients. Between September 2014 and December 2016, a total of 3,816 chiggers were identified within nine species of four genera in the southwest region of Korea: Leptotrombidium scutellare (49.9%; 1,907/3,816), Leptotrombidium orientale (21.1%; 804/3,816), Leptotrombidium pallidum (12.4%; 474/3,816), Euchoengastia koreaensis (7.2%; 273/3,816), Leptotrombidium palpale (6.7%; 256/3,816), Neotrombicular gardellai (1...
January 8, 2018: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Sanung Eom, Yoon Suh Kim, Sung Bae Lee, Shinhwa Noh, Hye Duck Yeom, Hyunsu Bae, Jun-Ho Lee
In a previous work, we reported the regulatory role of the triterpenoids on 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT)3A receptors activity in Xenopus laevis oocytes (Eur. J. Pharmacol., 615, 2009, Lee et al.). In the present report, we studied the modulation of triterpenoids on the activity of the human nicotinic acetylcholine receptor type α3β4. Two-electrode voltage clamp experiments were used to test acetylcholine mediated inward current (IACh). Treatment with triterpenoids (dehydroeburicoic acid, 6α-hydroxypolyporenic acid C and pachymic acid) inhibited IACh in a concentration dependent and reversible manner...
2018: Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
Kaituo Liu, Min Gu, Shunlin Hu, Ruyi Gao, Juan Li, Liwei Shi, Wenqi Sun, Dong Liu, Zhao Gao, Xiulong Xu, Jiao Hu, Xiaoquan Wang, Xiaowen Liu, Sujuan Chen, Daxin Peng, Xinan Jiao, Xiufan Liu
During surveillance for avian influenza viruses, three H5N6 viruses were isolated in chickens obtained from live bird markets in eastern China, between January 2015 and April 2016. Sequence analysis revealed a high genomic homology between these poultry isolates and recent human H5N6 variants whose internal genes were derived from genotype S H9N2 avian influenza viruses. Glycan binding assays revealed that all avian H5N6 viruses were capable of binding to both human-type SAα-2,6Gal receptors and avian-type SAα-2,3Gal receptors...
January 6, 2018: Archives of Virology
D Ruan, Y J Hu, A M Fouad, C X Lin, Z P Xu, W Chen, Q L Fan, W G Xia, S Wang, Y Wang, L Yang, C T Zheng
The study investigated whether different dietary energy and protein sources affect laying performance, antioxidant status, fresh yolk fatty acid profile and quality of salted yolks in laying ducks. In all, 360 19-week-old Longyan ducks were randomly assigned to four diets in a factorial arrangement (2×2). The four diets consisted of two energy sources, corn (CO) or sorghum (SO) and two protein sources, soybean meal (SM) and rapeseed meal with corn distillers dried grains with solubles (RMD), and each treatment contained six replicates of 15 birds each...
January 8, 2018: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
N V Zelenkov
The first anatomically assembled skeletal remains of Neogene birds in Russia have been found. The head and a fragment of the vertebral column of a duck (Anatidae) and a hind limb of a perching bird (Passeriformes) from the Middle Miocene of the Krasnodar Region (Tsurevsky Formation) comprise the earliest known Miocene birds from European Russia. The skull of a very small duck (smaller than any extant species of Eurasian ducks) shows a combination of morphological characters characteristic of the extant species of Tadorna and Nettapus, and could belong to a representative of the fossil genus Mioquerquedula...
November 2017: Doklady Biological Sciences: Proceedings of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR, Biological Sciences Sections
Hiroko Nakagawa, Kosuke Okuya, Toshiko Kawabata, Aya Matsuu, Kozo Takase, Masakazu Kuwahara, Shigehisa Toda, Makoto Ozawa
The Izumi plain in Kagoshima Prefecture, Japan, is an overwintering site of endangered cranes (hooded cranes and white-naped cranes) and of many other migratory birds (including wild ducks) that are considered carriers of avian influenza viruses (AIVs). To assess the risks of a highly pathogenic avian influenza outbreak in the crane populations, we tested various environmental samples for AIVs in this area. In the 2014-2015 winter season, we isolated one AIV of the H6N2 subtype from the cranes' roost water and two AIVs of the H11N9 subtype from a crane fecal sample and a cloacal swab of a dead spot-billed duck...
January 3, 2018: Archives of Virology
Bo-Young Lee, Duck-Hyun Kim, Hui-Su Kim, Bo-Mi Kim, Jeonghoon Han, Jae-Seong Lee
BACKGROUND: The mangrove killifish Kryptolebias marmoratus is the only vertebrate that reproduces by self-fertilizing and is an important model species in genetics and marine ecotoxicology. Using whole-genome and transcriptome sequences, we identified all members of the cytochrome P450 (CYP) family in this model teleost and compared them with those of other teleosts. RESULTS: A total of 74 cytochrome P450 genes and one pseudogene were identified in K. marmoratus...
January 2, 2018: BMC Genomics
Subaschandrabose Rajesh Kumar, Sharenya Chelvaretnam, Yunrui Tan, Mookkan Prabakaran
The highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) H5N1 virus remains to be one of the world's largest pandemic threats due to the emergence of new variants. The rapid evolution of new sub-lineages is currently the greatest challenge in vaccine development. In this study, we developed an epitope modified non-pathogenic H5N3 (A/duck/Singapore/97) vaccine for broad protection against influenza H5 subtype. H5N3 hemagglutinin (HA) mutant reassortant viruses with A/Puerto Rico/8/34 (PR8) backbone were generated by mutating amino acids at the 140th loop and 190th α-helix of hemagglutinin...
December 23, 2017: Viruses
Yingying Li, Yingying Zhang, Huichen Li, Wentao Zhao, Wenping Guo, Shouwei Wang
Food adulteration and fraud is driven by economic interests; it is thus necessary to establish a high-through method that allows quantitative identification of familiar animal and plant proteins for global use. In this study, a sensitive mass spectrometric approach for the detection of eight species, including pork, beef, lamb, chicken, duck, soy, peanut, and pea, is presented and the heat stability and specificity of screened peptides are verified. To improve screening efficiency of specific peptides, several key data searching parameters, including peptides, sequence lengths, sequence coverage, and unique peptides, are investigated...
April 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
Qing Wang, Mianmian Chen, Wei Zhang
Similar to other bacterial pathogens, current studies of the pathogenesis of Riemerella anatipestifer (RA) are focused mainly on in vitro culture conditions. To provide a further understanding of the pathogenesis of RA in vivo, bacterial RNA was extracted from overnight tryptic soy broth cultures (in vitro) and from the blood of infected ducks (in vivo) for comparative RNA-seq analysis. In total, 682 upregulated genes were identified in vivo. Among these upregulated genes, a signal transduction response regulator (ArsR) and a signal transduction histidine kinase (SthK) were predicted located on the same operon...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Science
J J Xue, M Xie, J Tang, W Huang, Q Zhang, S S Hou
A dose-response experiment was conducted to investigate the effects of excess DL-methionine (DLM) and L-methionine (LM) on growth response of starter Pekin ducks from 7 to 21 days of age. A total of 462 seven-day-old male Pekin ducklings were allotted to 77 wire-floor pens with 6 birds per pen. There were 11 treatments including a methionine-adequate control diet (containing 0.49% methionine) and control diets supplemented with 5 levels of crystal DLM or LM (0.25, 0.50, 0.75, 1.0, and 1.25%) based on equal product weight...
December 21, 2017: Poultry Science
Dong Ruan, Ahmed M Fouad, Qiuli Fan, Weiguang Xia, Shuang Wang, Wei Chen, Chuxiao Lin, Ying Wang, Lin Yang, Chuntian Zheng
The study investigated whether dietary methionine (Met) affects egg weight and antioxidant status through regulating gene expression of ovalbumin (OVAL), nuclear factor erythroid 2 like 2 (Nrf2) and haem oxygenase 1 (HO-1) in laying duck breeders. Longyan duck breeders (n 540, 19 weeks) were randomly assigned to six treatments with six replicates of fifteen birds each. Breeders were fed diets with six Met levels (2·00, 2·75, 3·50, 4·25, 5·00 and 5·75 g/kg) for 24 weeks. The egg weight (g), egg mass (g/d), feed conversion ratio, hatchability, 1-d duckling weight, albumen weight, albumen proportion and OVAL mRNA level improved with dietary Met levels, whereas yolk proportion decreased (P<0·05)...
December 26, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
Xin Zhang, Ming-Shu Wang, Ma-Feng Liu, De-Kang Zhu, Francis Biville, Ren-Yong Jia, Shun Chen, Kun-Feng Sun, Qiao Yang, Ying Wu, Xin-Xin Zhao, Xiao-Yue Chen, An-Chun Cheng
Riemerella anatipestifer is an important pathogenic bacterium that infects ducks. It exhibits resistance to multiple classes of antibiotics. Multidrug efflux pumps play a major role as a mechanism of antimicrobial resistance in Gram-negative pathogens and they are poorly understood in R. anatipestifer. In this study, a gene encoding the B739_0873 protein in R. anatipestifer CH-1, which belongs to the resistance-nodulation-cell division (RND) efflux pump family, was identified. With respect to the substrate specificity of B739_0873, the antibiotic susceptibility testing showed that the B739_0873 knockout strain was more sensitive to aminoglycosides and detergents than the wild-type strain...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
Muhammad S Jamil, Hamish McManus, Denton Callander, Garrett Prestage, Hammad Ali, Catherine C O'Connor, Marcus Chen, Anna M McNulty, Vickie Knight, Tim Duck, Phillip Keen, James Gray, Nick Medland, Margaret Hellard, David A Lewis, Andrew E Grulich, John M Kaldor, Christopher K Fairley, Basil Donovan, Rebecca J Guy
We assessed trends in HIV testing outcomes during a period of clinic-based initiatives introduced to increase HIV testing among gay and bisexual men (GBM) attending sexual health clinics (SHCs) in New South Wales (NSW). A cohort of 25,487 HIV-negative GBM attending 32 SHCs in NSW (2009-2015) was classified into six sub-groups each year based on client-type (new/existing), risk-status (low/high-risk), and any recent HIV testing. Poisson regression methods were used to assess HIV testing outcomes in sub-groups of GBM...
December 19, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
Jonathan Quinet, Catherine Jamard, Madeleine Burtin, Matthieu Lemasson, Sylviane Guerret, Camille Sureau, Andrew Vaillant, Lucyna Cova
Nucleic acid polymer (NAP) REP 2139 treatment was shown to block the release of viral surface antigen in DHBV-infected ducks and in patients with chronic HBV or HBV/HDV infection. In this preclinical study, a novel combination therapy consisting of REP 2139 with tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) and entecavir (ETV) was evaluated in vivo in the chronic DHBV infection model. DHBV-infected duck groups were treated as follows: normal saline (control); REP 2139-Ca; TDF; REP 2139-Ca + TDF; REP 2139-Ca + TDF + ETV...
December 18, 2017: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
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