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physiopatology of pain

Frank Czul, Emmanuel Coronel, Jean A Donet
Chronic pancreatitis is a progressive fibro-inflammatory disease of the pancreas characterized by irreversible fibrosis of the gland with eventual failure of exocrine and endocrine functions and hallmark features of abdominal pain, malabsorption, malnutrition, diabetes mellitus and pancreatic calcifications. In many patients this disease results from a complex mix of environmental (eg, alcohol, cigarettes, and occupational chemicals), genetic factors and a few patients with hereditary or autoimmune disease...
April 2017: Revista de Gastroenterología del Perú: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad de Gastroenterología del Perú
Darija Kisić Tepavcević, Tatjana Pekmezović, Jelena Drulović
BACKGROUND/AIM: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic inflammatory disease of central nervous system. The main physiopatological feature of MS is demyelination. Multiple sclerosis is one of three most common causes of severe disability in youngest people. In patients with MS, apart from complete psychophysical status and objective neurologic status, a subjective perception of symptoms and signs, known as quality of life, must be considered, too. The aim of this study was to estimate a health related quality of life (HRQoL) in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) and to investigate the correlations between scores of HRQoL and selected demographic and clinical parameters...
August 2009: Vojnosanitetski Pregled. Military-medical and Pharmaceutical Review
Nicolas Béziaud, Guillemette Laval, Sylvie Rostaing
Pain management for a patient in palliative care requires a multi-functional approach that entails the physical, psychological, social and spiritual dimensions. It is based on a deep understanding of the pain physiopatology and its accurate assessment to optimize the treatment. This article provides guidelines to manage nociceptive and neuropathic pains, along with tips in case of refractory pains. It gives detailed instructions relative to the use of strong opiods taking advantage of the availability of new types of galenics...
June 20, 2009: La Revue du Praticien
Andrea Rognoni, Marzia Bertolazzi, Sergio Maccio', Danilo Reale, Riccardo Proietti, Giorgio Rognoni
UNLABELLED: ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Tako - tsubo like syndrome (also named left ventricular apical ballooning) is an unusual cardiomyopathy with an high incidence in Japanese population of female sex, following an emotional stress. The clinical features (typical chest pain), and the electrocardiographic changes (negative T wave and persistent ST elevation in anterior leads), are suggestive of an acute myocardial infarction; nevertheless the coronary angiography show coronary arteries without lesions and the ventriculography show specific segmental dysfunction...
2009: Cases Journal
C Serrano, A Valero, C Picado
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID)-sensitivity is a frequent condition in patients with chronic urticaria and/or asthma. The physiopatologic process underlying respiratory and cutaneous reactions probably involves an increased production of cysteinyl leukotrienes. Cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2) selective inhibitor, has been proposed as the main alternative to control pain and inflammatory diseases in these patients. However, a small percentage of patients with NSAID-induced skin reactions does not even tolerate COX-2 selective inhibitors...
2005: Journal of Investigational Allergology & Clinical Immunology
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