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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945024/-pathogenesis-and-treatment-of-insulin-resistance-in-chronic-kidney-disease-and-interventional-effects-of-chinese-herbal-medicine
#1
REVIEW
Wei Wu, Jing-Jing Yang, Yi-Gang Wan, Yue Tu, Ge Shi, Wen-Bei Han, Bu-Hui Liu, Jian Yao
The kidney is the target organ of insulin with abundant insulin receptors. Thereinto,the renal intrinsic cells including glomerular podocytes,endothelial cells,mesangial cells,renal tubular epitheliums and collecting duct epithelial cells are all highly sensitive to insulin as the effector cells. Furthermore,the structural and functional abnormalities of these cells are closely related to insulin and its receptors activity. It is reported that the chronic kidney disease(CKD)patients have systemic or renal insulin resistance(IR)...
January 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944880/edoxaban-improves-venous-thrombosis-via-increasing-hydrogen-sulfide-and-homocysteine-in-rat-model
#2
Wei Song, Hongbo Ci, Guanglei Tian, Yanjun Zhang, Xiaohu Ge
Anticoagulant therapy is prescribed to millions of patients worldwide for the prevention and treatment of venous thrombosis. Evidence has indicated that edoxaban is a potential drug of oral anticoagulant in the acute treatment of venous thromboembolism. Hydrogen sulfide and homocysteine plasma concentration are indicators of cardiovascular and neurovascular disease risk factors that have attracted considerable attention for regulation of vascular health and homeostasis. However, the molecular mechanism of edoxaban‑mediated differences of hydrogen sulfide and homocysteine has not been investigated in the progression of venous thrombosis...
September 21, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944825/mild-hypothermia-pretreatment-protects-against-liver-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-via-the-pi3k-akt-foxo3a-pathway
#3
Qi Xiao, Qifa Ye, Wei Wang, Jiansheng Xiao, Biqi Fu, Zhiping Xia, Xingjian Zhang, Zhongzhong Liu, Xianpeng Zeng
Mild hypothermia is known to protect against ischemia and reperfusion (IR) injury. The exact mechanisms of the protection are not fully understood. Forkhead box O3 (FOXO3a) has been defined as a critical mediator in cellular processes, including oxidative stress, apoptosis, inflammation, cell death and DNA repair; however, the protection function in mild hypothermia has not been reported previously. The current study was designed to investigate the function of phosphoinositide 3‑kinase (PI3K)/protein kinase B (AKT)/FOXO3a pathway in pretreatment with mild hypothermia during IR injury...
September 18, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943945/microrna-126-inhibits-cell-viability-and-invasion-in-a-diabetic-retinopathy-model-via-targeting-irs-1
#4
Shifeng Fang, Xiang Ma, Suping Guo, Jianmin Lu
Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is a sight-threatening complication of diabetes. IRS-1 was predicted to be the target gene of microRNA-126 (miR-126). The present study was designed to illustrate the involvement of miR-126 in the regulation of DR via targeting IRS-1. The present study revealed that the expression of miR-126 was significantly decreased while IRS-1 expression was increased in endothelial cells (ECs) and retinal pericytes (RPs) from a DR mouse model compared with healthy controls. Furthermore, a luciferase reporter assay confirmed the interaction between miR-126 and IRS-1...
October 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943916/blockade-of-sonic-hedgehog-signaling-decreases-viability-and-induces-apoptosis-in-retinoblastoma-cells-the-key-role-of-the-pi3k-akt-pathway
#5
Zhidu Song, Yuanyuan Du, Ying Tao
Retinoblastoma (RB) is the most common type of malignant intraocular cancer in teenagers. One of the proteins abnormally expressed during oncogenesis of RB is sonic hedgehog (SHH), which possesses the capability to selectively activate transcription factors of different genes. However, the detailed function of SHH in RB remains unknown. Thus, the present study sought to investigate the role of SHH in the development of RB. The human RB WERI-Rb-1 cell line was used as an in vitro model for the knockdown of SHH by a specific short hairpin RNA (shRNA)...
October 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943904/identification-of-candidate-biomarkers-for-epithelial-ovarian-cancer-metastasis-using-microarray-data
#6
Su Li, Hua Li, Ying Xu, Xiaomei Lv
Epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) is a common cancer in women worldwide. The present study assessed effective biomarkers for the prognosis of EOC metastasis. The GSE30587 dataset, containing 9 EOC primary tumor samples and 9 matched omental metastasis samples, was analyzed. Following normalization, the differentially expressed genes (DEGs) between these samples were identified using the limma package for R. Subsequently, pathway enrichment analysis was performed using ClueGO, and a protein-protein interaction (PPI) network was constructed using the Search Tool for the Retrieval of Interacting Genes database...
October 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943214/down-regulation-of-mir-605-promotes-the-proliferation-and-invasion-of-prostate-cancer-cells-by-up-regulating-en2
#7
Yao-Jun Zhou, Hong-Qiong Yang, Wei Xia, Li Cui, Ren-Fang Xu, Hao Lu, Zhong Xue, Bo Zhang, Zi-Nong Tian, Yun-Jie Cao, Zhao-Yu Xing, Shuai Yin, Xiao-Zhou He
AIMS: MicroRNA served as inhibitor for gene expression in various cancers. This study aimed to investigate the role of miR-605 and EN2 in prostate cancer (PCa). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this research, the expression of miR-605 and EN2 protein in PCa tissues and cells were determined by qRT-PCR and western blot, respectively. The cell proliferation was measured by Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8) and the tumor cell invasion assay was accomplished with transwell system...
September 21, 2017: Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942022/x-11-5-27-a-daidzein-derivative-inhibits-nlrp3-inflammasome-activity-via-promoting-autophagy
#8
Wei Zhou, Xiuting Liu, Kunpeng Cheng, Xin Zhang, Jinrong Lu, Rong Hu
NLRP3 inflammasome is a cytoplasmic multiprotein complex which plays a critical role in response to infection or injury, however, aberrant NLRP3 inflammasome activation is deleterious. In our study, we investigate the inhibitory effect of X-11-5-27, a daidzein derivative, on the NLRP3 inflammasome. The results showed that the activation of NLRP3 inflammasome was inhibited by X-11-5-27 in a dose-dependent manner, followed by a decrease in the cleavage of caspase-1 and maturation of IL-1β. Furthermore, we found that X-11-5-27 significantly restrained the formation of NLRP3 inflammasome...
September 20, 2017: Experimental Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942012/activation-of-sry-accounts-for-male-specific-hepatocarcinogenesis-implication-in-gender-disparity-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#9
Chang Liu, Yi-Fan Ren, Jian Dong, Meng-Yun Ke, Feng Ma, Satdarshan P S Monga, Rongqian Wu, Yi Lv, Xu-Feng Zhang
Sex affects the risk, treatment responses and outcome of many types of cancers. The mechanism of gender disparity in development of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remains obscure. Sex-determining region on Y chromosome (SRY) was overexpressed in approximate 84% male patient HCC. Moreover, we are the first to generate a liver-specific transgenic (TG) murine model with overexpression of the male specific gene SRY. Subject to a single intraperitoneal injection N-nitrosodiethylamine (DEN) at day 14, TG and wildtype (WT) mice of both genders were sacrificed at different time points (6-13...
September 20, 2017: Cancer Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941273/hypoglycaemia-represents-a-clinically-significant-manifestation-of-pik3ca-and-ccnd2-associated-segmental-overgrowth
#10
M D Jh, N Hickson, I Banerjee, P G Murray, D Ram, K Metcalfe, J Clayton-Smith, S Douzgou
The PI3K-AKT signalling cascade has a highly conserved role in a variety of processes including cell growth and glucose homoeostasis. Variants affecting this pathway can lead to one of several segmental overgrowth disorders. These conditions are genetically heterogeneous and require tailored, multidisciplinary involvement throughout life. Hypoglycaemia is common in other overgrowth syndromes but has been described only sporadically in association with PIK3CA and CCND2 variants. We report a cohort of 6 children with megalencephaly-capillary malformation syndrome (MCAP) and megalencephaly-polydactyly-polymicrogyria-hydrocephalus syndrome (MPPH) who developed clinically significant hypoglycaemia...
September 23, 2017: Clinical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940899/low-intensity-pulsed-ultrasound-activates-erk1-2-and-pi3k-akt-signalling-pathways-and-promotes-the-proliferation-of-human-amnion-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cells
#11
Li Ling, Tianqin Wei, Lianli He, Yaping Wang, Yan Wang, Xiushan Feng, Wenqian Zhang, Zhengai Xiong
OBJECTIVES: This study was to investigate the effect and mechanism of low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) on the proliferation of human amnion-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hAD-MSCs). METHODS: Human amnion-derived mesenchymal stem cells were isolated from the amnion of term placentas and identified by flow cytometry and differentiation culture. Proliferation of hAD-MSCs was investigated by Cell Counting Kit-8, cell cycle and EdU assays. Western blotting was used to determine the protein expression levels...
September 22, 2017: Cell Proliferation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940037/satellite-cell-activation-and-mtor-signaling-pathway-response-to-resistance-and-combined-exercise-in-elite-weight-lifters
#12
Chang Hyun Lim, Thien Suong Luu, Le Quy Phoung, Tae Seok Jeong, Chang Keun Kim
PURPOSE: Our aim was to compare the effects of a single exercise training mode (resistance exercise) with a combined exercise training (resistance and plyometric exercise) mode on satellite cell activity and anabolic signaling at the molecular level. METHODS: Eighteen male weight lifters (20 ± 4 years, BMI 27 ± 6 kg/m(2)) were randomly assigned to either a series of resistance exercise or a series of combined exercise group. The intensity of the exercise was set at 60% of their 1 RM weight and subjects completed three sets each of six repetitions...
September 22, 2017: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940008/p21-waf1-cip1-depletion-promotes-dexamethasone-induced-apoptosis-in-osteoblastic-mc3t3-e1-cells-by-inhibiting-the-nrf2-ho-1-pathway
#13
Dandan Han, Jian Gao, Xiaolong Gu, Jan Georg Hengstler, Limei Zhang, Muhammad Shahid, Tariq Ali, Bo Han
Dexamethasone (Dex), a glucocorticoid with strong anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressive activities, has been shown to exhibit marked cytotoxicity and apoptosis in osteoblasts, but the underlying mechanisms have not yet been comprehensively investigated. P21(Waf1/Cip1) (p21) plays a critical role in the regulation of cell cycle progression and apoptosis. The present study aims to investigate the role of p21 in Dex-induced apoptosis in osteoblastic MC3T3-E1 cells, and to explore its mechanisms. Results demonstrated that Dex-induced apoptosis decreased the phosphorylation of Akt in a concentration-dependent manner...
September 22, 2017: Archives of Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939743/phospholipase-d1-inhibition-linked-to-upregulation-of-icat-blocks-colorectal-cancer-growth-hyperactivated-by-wnt-%C3%AE-catenin-and-pi3k-akt-signaling
#14
Dong Woo Kang, Bo Hui Lee, Young-Ah Suh, Yong-Seok Choi, Se Jin Jang, Yong-Man Kim, Kang-Yell Choi, Do Sik Min
PURPOSE: Dysregulated expression of PLD1 has emerged as a hallmark feature of colorectal cancer (CRC), which remains a major cause of mortality worldwide. Aberrant activation of Wnt/β-catenin signaling is a critical event in the development of CRC. Here, we investigated molecular crosstalk between the Wnt/β-catenin and PI3K/Akt pathways via ICAT, a negative regulator of Wnt/β-catenin signaling. We also explored the effect of PLD1 inhibition on growth of CRC hyperactivated by Wnt/β-catenin and PI3K/Akt signaling...
September 22, 2017: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938696/the-molecular-mechanisms-of-chemoresistance-in-cancers
#15
REVIEW
Hua-Chuan Zheng
Overcoming intrinsic and acquired drug resistance is a major challenge in treating cancer patients because chemoresistance causes recurrence, cancer dissemination and death. This review summarizes numerous molecular aspects of multi-resistance, including transporter pumps, oncogenes (EGFR, PI3K/Akt, Erk and NF-κB), tumor suppressor gene (p53), mitochondrial alteration, DNA repair, autophagy, epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), cancer stemness, and exosome. The chemoresistance-related proteins are localized to extracellular ligand, membrane receptor, cytosolic signal messenger, and nuclear transcription factors for various events, including proliferation, apoptosis, EMT, autophagy and exosome...
August 29, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938613/high-phlpp1-expression-levels-predicts-longer-time-of-acquired-resistance-to-egfr-tyrosine-kinase-inhibitors-in-patients-with-lung-adenocarcinoma
#16
Youyou Xie, Dongqing Lv, Wei Wang, Minhua Ye, Xiaofeng Chen, Haihua Yang
BACKGROUND: In spite of an initial good response to epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR TKIs) in lung adenocarcinoma patients, resistance to treatment eventually occurs. Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) activation stimulates Ras/Raf/Erk/MAPK and influences PI3K/Akt pathways, respectively. PHLPP negatively regulates PI3K/Akt and the RAF/RAS/ERK signaling pathways. Our study aimed to investigate the association between PH domain leucine-rich-repeats protein phosphatase (PHLPP) expression levels and the acquired resistance to EGFR TKIs in lung adenocarcinoma...
August 29, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938574/the-dual-pi3k-mtor-inhibitor-gsk2126458-is-effective-for-treating-solid-renal-tumours-in-tsc2-mice-through-suppression-of-cell-proliferation-and-induction-of-apoptosis
#17
Kalin Narov, Jian Yang, Paulina Samsel, Ashley Jones, Julian R Sampson, Ming Hong Shen
Tuberous sclerosis (TSC) is an inherited tumour syndrome caused by mutations in TSC1 or TSC2 that lead to aberrant activation of mTOR. Tumour responses in TSC patients to rapamycin, an allosteric inhibitor of mTOR, or its analogs are partial and reversible probably due to feedback activation of Akt. In this study, we examined the efficacy of GSK2126458, an ATP-competitive dual inhibitor of PI3K/mTOR, in comparison to rapamycin for treatment of renal tumours in genetically engineered Tsc2(+/-) mice. We found that both GSK2126458 and rapamycin caused significant reduction in number and size of solid renal tumours...
August 29, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938463/role-of-cyp51-in-the-regulation-of-t3-and-fsh-induced-steroidogenesis-in-female-mice
#18
Juan Liu, Ye Tian, Yu Ding, Dai Heng, Kaili Xu, Wenbo Liu, Cheng Zhang
Cytochrome P450 lanosterol 14α-demethylase (CYP51) is a key enzyme in sterols and steroids biosynthesis that involved in folliculogenesis and oocyte maturation, which is regulated by follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), as a key reproductive hormone during follicular development. Thyroid hormone (TH) is also important for normal reproductive function. Although T3 enhances FSH-induced preantral follicle growth, whether and how TH combines with FSH to regulate CYP51 expression during preantral to early antral transition stage is unclear...
August 18, 2017: Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936683/trail-enhances-quinacrine-mediated-apoptosis-in-breast-cancer-cells-through-induction-of-autophagy-via-modulation-of-p21-and-dr5-interactions
#19
Sarita Das, Anmada Nayak, Sumit Siddharth, Deepika Nayak, Satya Narayan, Chanakya Nath Kundu
PURPOSE: Previously, we reported that quinacrine (QC) may cause apoptosis in breast and colon cancer cells by activating the death receptor 5 (DR5), resulting in autophagic cell death through p21 modulation. Here, we systematically evaluated the combined role of p21 and DR5 and their crosstalk in QC-mediated autophagy and apoptosis in breast cancer cells using in vitro and in vivo models. METHODS: Multiple breast cancer-derived cell lines (MCF-7, ZR-75-1, T47D, MDA-MB-231 and MCF-10A-Tr) and a mouse xenograft model were used...
September 21, 2017: Cellular Oncology (Dordrecht)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936174/the-effect-of-velvet-antler-proteins-on-cardiac-microvascular-endothelial-cells-challenged-with-ischemia-hypoxia
#20
Xiang Xiao, Shuqiang Xu, Lin Li, Min Mao, Jinping Wang, Yanjun Li, Ziwei Wang, Fei Ye, Li Huang
Velvet antler (VA) is a precious traditional Chinese medicine that is capable of repeated regeneration. Based on the Chinese medicine theory of coordination the heart and kidneys, VA has been employed to treat heart diseases, including ischemic heart disease, heart failure, and arrhythmia. We examined the effects of VA proteins on primary cardiac microvascular endothelial cells (CMECs) that were subjected to ischemia-hypoxia (IH) to investigate their effects on and mechanism of action in the treatment of ischemic heart disease...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
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