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Gyeong Han Jeong, Jae-Hyeon Cho, Cheorun Jo, Sungbeom Lee, Seung Sik Lee, Hyoung-Woo Bai, Byung Yeoup Chung, Tae Hoon Kim
Radiation is a promising technique for improving the safety and shelf-life of processed foods. In the present investigation, the degradation mechanism and bioactivity improvement of rosmarinic acid (RA) were studied in response to various gamma irradiation doses (10, 20, and 50 kGy). RA exposed to gamma irradiation at 50 kGy was completely degraded and showed an increased inhibitory effect against 3 T3-L1 preadipocyte compare to the parent compound. Structures of the newly generated compounds 2-4 from irradiated RA at 50 kGy were elucidated based on spectroscopic methods, including 1 H nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and mass spectrometry (MS)...
August 30, 2018: Food Chemistry
Elsa Brito, Emma Gomes, Pedro L Falé, Carlos Borges, Rita Pacheco, Vitor Teixeira, Miguel Machuqueiro, Lia Ascensão, Maria Luisa M Serralheiro
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Decoctions of Plectranthus species are traditionally ingested after large meals for treatment of food digestion and alcohol abuse. AIM OF THE STUDY: This study aims at associating the digestion-related ethno-uses of Plectranthus species decoctions to molecular mechanism that might explain them: easing digestion (AChE inhibition) and treating hangover (ADH inhibition) MATERIAL AND METHODS: Decoctions from Plectranthus species were analysed for their alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH) inhibition and acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibition, related with alcohol metabolism and intestinal motility, respectively...
April 4, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Sandeep Prabhu, Aleksandr Voskoboinik, Alex J A McLellan, Kah Y Peck, Bhupesh Pathik, Chrishan J Nalliah, Geoff R Wong, Sonia M Azzopardi, Geoffrey Lee, Justin Mariani, Liang-Han Ling, Andrew J Taylor, Jonathan M Kalman, Peter M Kistler
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to characterize the biatrial substrate in heart failure (HF) and persistent atrial fibrillation (PeAF). BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) and HF frequently coexist; however, the contribution of HF to the biatrial substrate in PeAF is unclear. METHODS: Consecutive patients with PeAF and normal left ventricular (NLV) systolic function (left ventricular ejection fraction [LVEF] >55%) or idiopathic cardiomyopathy (LVEF ≤45%) undergoing AF ablation were enrolled...
January 2018: JACC. Clinical Electrophysiology
Heying Pei, Linhong He, Mingfeng Shao, Zhuang Yang, Yan Ran, Dan Li, Yuanyuan Zhou, Minghai Tang, Taijin Wang, Yanqiu Gong, Xiaoxin Chen, Shengyong Yang, Mingli Xiang, Lijuan Chen
Janus tyrosine kinase 3 (JAK3) is expressed in lymphoid cells and is involved in the signalling of T cell functions. The development of a selective JAK3 inhibitor has been shown to have a potential benefit in the treatment of autoimmune disorders. In this article, we developed the 4-aminopiperidine-based compound RB1, which was highly selective for JAK3 inhibition, with an IC50 of value of 40 nM, but did not inhibit JAK1, JAK2 or tyrosine kinase 2 (TYK2) at concentrations up to 5 µM. Furthermore, RB1 also exhibited favourable selectivity against a panel of representative kinases...
March 27, 2018: Scientific Reports
Yiqun Li, Benyong Zhang, Mengzhu Liu, Xinlong Zhang, Donglei Shi, Liwei Guo, Jinao Duan, Xueping Zhou, Huaxu Zhu, Qichun Zhang
Background: Tripterygium wilfordii (TW) is widely employed to treat rheumatoid arthritis and autoimmune disorders clinically, which, however, accompany with disturbing hepatotoxicity and nephrotoxicity. The previous research showed that Panax notoginseng (PN) compatibly and significantly reduces the TW-induced hepatotoxicity. Objective: To explore the underlying mechanism, the present study was designed to reveal the influence of PN on the intestinal absorption process of TW-derived active components in rat...
January 2018: Pharmacognosy Magazine
Dominique De Clercq, Barbara Broux, Lisse Vera, Annelies Decloedt, Gunther van Loon
BACKGROUND: In human and veterinary medicine, monophasic action potential (MAP) analysis and determination of local refractory periods by contact electrode technique gives valuable information about local cardiac electrophysiological properties. It is used to investigate dysrhythmias and the impact of drugs on the myocardium. Precise measurement of total MAP duration is difficult, therefore the MAP duration is usually determined at a repolarization level of 90% (APD90). Until now, no studies are published about the feasibility of this technique in the standing non-sedated horse...
March 20, 2018: BMC Veterinary Research
Marta Menicatti, Marco Pallecchi, Silvia Bua, Daniela Vullo, Lorenzo Di Cesare Mannelli, Carla Ghelardini, Fabrizio Carta, Claudiu T Supuran, Gianluca Bartolucci
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic inflammatory disease caused by a faulty autoimmune response. Recently, it was reported that some human carbonic anhydrases (CAs) isoforms are overexpressed in inflamed synovium of RA patients. New CA inhibitors (CAIs) incorporating CA-binding moiety and the cyclooxygenase inhibitor tail (nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug [NSAID] type) were studied. The aim of this work is the evaluation of the chemical stability of NSAID - CAI hybrids towards spontaneous or enzymatic hydrolysis by LC-MS/MS...
December 2018: Journal of Enzyme Inhibition and Medicinal Chemistry
Raed Alroughani, Alexey Boyko
BACKGROUND: Pediatric-onset multiple sclerosis (POMS) prevalence and incidence rates are increasing globally. No disease-modifying therapy are approved for MS pediatric population. Hence, we aim to review the literature on POMS to guide treating physicians on the current understanding of diagnosis and management of pediatric MS. METHODS: The authors performed a literature search and reviewed the current understanding on risk factors and disease parameters in order to discuss the challenges in assessing and implementing diagnosis and therapy in clinical practice...
March 9, 2018: BMC Neurology
Naonori Kawamoto, Tomoyuki Fujita, Satsuki Fukushima, Yusuke Shimahara, Yuta Kume, Yorihiko Matsumoto, Kizuku Yamashita, Koko Asakura, Junjiro Kobayashi
OBJECTIVES: This study was performed to analyse the impacts of functional mitral stenosis (MS) following mitral valve (MV) repair on late cardiac function and new onset of atrial fibrillation or survival. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 602 patients with mitral regurgitation who underwent MV repair for Type II dysfunction from 2001. Functional MS was diagnosed when the mean transmitral pressure gradient (MTPG) was ≥5 mmHg on postoperative echocardiography...
February 27, 2018: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
Patrycja Nowicka-Stążka, Ewa Langner, Waldemar Turski, Wojciech Rzeski, Jolanta Parada-Turska
BACKGROUND: Previously, we have demonstrated that kynurenic acid (KYNA), an endogenous metabolite of tryptophan formed along kynurenine pathway, is present in synovial fluid of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and osteoarthritis (OA) patients. In this study, the goal was to investigate the presence of quinaldic acid (QUDA), a putative metabolite of KYNA, in synovial fluid of RA and OA patients. METHODS: The effect of QUDA on proliferation and motility of synovial fibroblasts and its interaction with KYNA were determined in vitro...
October 3, 2017: Pharmacological Reports: PR
Nannan Wang, Xiaoning Zhao, Jiaxin Huai, Yiran Li, Congcong Cheng, Kaishun Bi, Ronghua Dai
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Huo Luo Xiao Ling Dan (HLXLD), a traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), is commonly used for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). AIM OF THE STUDY: To explore the potential therapeutic mechanism of HLXLD on anti-inflammatory activity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A metabolomic approach based on UFLC-MS/MS to profile arachidonic acid (AA) metabolic changes was used. The cyclooxygenase (COX) and lipoxygenase (LOX) catalyzed metabolites in plasma were quantified on 7, 14, 21, and 28 days after the rats injected with Complete Freund's adjuvant and orally administrated with HLXLD, methotrexate and dexamethasone in parallel as the positive control drugs...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Raed Behbehani, Hussain Adnan, Abdullah Abu Al-Hassan, Ali Al-Salahat, Raed Alroughani
BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis is an inflammatory demyelinating disease characterized by progressive axonal loss affecting mainly the inner retinal layers. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) provides in-vivo quantification of the retinal layers and allows measuring progressive retinal changes. Our objective was to assess the longitudinal changes in the retina using spectral domain OCT (SDOCT) and to identify independent predictors affecting retinal thinning in MS patients. METHODS: A prospective study in a tertiary care MS center was conducted to study the longitudinal retinal changes in MS patients...
February 11, 2018: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
Ju Li, Nan Che, Lingxiao Xu, Qian Zhang, Qi Wang, Wenfeng Tan, Miaojia Zhang
Metabolomics has been applied to explore altered metabolite profiles in disease and identify unique metabolic signatures in recent years. We aim to characterize the metabolic profile of rheumatoid arthritis patients and explore its underlying pathological processes using metabolomics approach. Serum samples from 30 rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients, 30 primary Sjogren's syndrome (pSS) patients, and 32 healthy controls (HC) were collected. The sample was analyzed by ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with high-resolution mass spectrometry (UPLC-HRMS)...
February 13, 2018: Clinical Rheumatology
Raed Alroughani, Maryam S Alowayesh, Samar F Ahmed, Raed Behbehani, Jasem Al-Hashel
OBJECTIVE: To determine the rate of relapse occurrence during pregnancy and postpartum. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study using the national multiple sclerosis (MS) registry, pregnant women with relapsing MS were identified. Data on demographics, clinical characteristics, and disease-modifying therapies (DMTs), including washout periods, were collected. Timings and durations of relapses were extracted. A multivariate logistic regression was used to assess the relationship between relapses and prior use of different DMTs...
March 6, 2018: Neurology
Raed Alroughani, Saeed Akhtar, Samar Ahmed, Jasem Al-Hashel
BACKGROUND: Anti-JC virus (JCV) antibody testing has been used increasingly to stratify multiple sclerosis (MS) patients into different disease modifying therapies. OBJECTIVES: We assessed JCV serostatus stability longitudinally in MS patients who were regularly tested for anti-JCV antibody and examined the demographic and clinical factors associated with JCV serostatus. METHODS: The data of MS patients who were screened for anti-JCV antibody using the two-step second-generation ELISA were collected between 1st October 2014 and 31st October 2015 at the MS clinic, Kuwait...
January 25, 2018: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
Michio Ikeda, Masayuki Akiyama, Yuta Hirano, Kazuhiro Miyazi, Masaya Kono, Yuriko Imayoshi, Hisakatsu Iwabuchi, Takeshi Onodera, Kiyoshi Toko
To develop a ready-to-drink (RTD) milk coffee retaining the original coffee flavor, the effects of processing conditions during manufacture on retronasal-arma (RA) compounds from the milk coffee were investigated by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry using an RA simulator (RAS). Thirteen of 46 detected compounds in the RAS effluent (RAS compounds) decreased significantly following pH adjustment of coffee (from pH 5.1 to 6.8) and 5 compounds increased. RAS compounds from coffee tended to decrease through the pH adjustment and subsequent sterilization...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Food Science
Robert Zeiser
Despite major advances in recent years, immunosuppressive regimens for multiple sclerosis (MS), rheumatoid arthritis (RA), systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) have still major side effects and immunomodulation rather than immune paralysis would be desirable. Statins inhibit the rate limiting enzyme of the L-mevalonate pathway, the 3-hydroxy-3-methyl-glutaryl-coenzyme A reductase. It was shown that blocking the L-mevalonate pathway reduces inflammation via effects on downstream metabolites of the pathway including farnesylpyrophosphates and geranylgeranylpyrophosphates which are essential for the attachment of GTPases like RhoA, Rac and Ras to the cell membrane...
February 2, 2018: Immunology
Matthew S Stone, Jordan M Glenn, Jennifer L Vincenzo, Michelle Gray
Stone, MS, Glenn, JM, Vincenzo, JL, and Gray, M. Comparison of exercise performance in recreationally active and masters athlete women. J Strength Cond Res 32(2): 565-571, 2018-Master athletes (MA) are an understudied, ever-growing cohort. As such, it is important to examine how age affects muscular power and fatigability. Of particular interest is muscular power maintenance and fatigue mitigation of MA compared with young, healthy adults. The purpose of this investigation was to examine the differences in peak power, average power, total work (WRK), and fatigue index (FI) between recreationally active (RA) younger adults and female MA during anaerobic cycling exercise...
February 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Jinjun Shan, Wenjuan Qian, Linxiu Peng, Lianghui Chen, An Kang, Tong Xie, Liuqing Di
A sensitive and rapid ultra high-performance liquid-chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (UHPLC-MS/MS) method has been applied to investigate the influence of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) on the pharmacokinetics of nine analytes (daphnetin, daphnoretin, 7-hydroxycoumarin, liquiritin, isoliquiritin, liquiritigenin, isoliquiritigenin, glycyrrhizin, and glycyrrhetinic acid), which are major active components in Zushima-Gancao extract. The analytes and internal standard (IS) were separated in a Hypersil Gold C18 column and detected on a triple-stage quadrupole mass spectrometer using the validated method...
January 22, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Xiaozheng Du, Bo Yuan, Jinhai Wang, Xinghua Zhang, Liang Tian, Tingzhuo Zhang, Xinglan Li, Fengfan Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To explore heat-reinforcing needling for the metabolite profiling changes in serum of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) rabbits with liquid chromatograph-mass spectrometer (LC-MS) technique, and to investigate its mechanisms. METHODS: Forty clean purple blue rabbits were randomized into a normal group, a model group, a reinforcing-reducing needling (RRN) group, a twirling-reinforcing needling (TRN) group, and a heat-reinforcing needling (HRN) group, 8 cases in each group...
September 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
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