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Han Sol Kim, Ha Ra Cho, Myoung Jin Ho, Myung Joo Kang, Yong Seok Choi
Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common type of arthritis. To manage OA, in general, oral administration of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) is used. Recently, the analgesic and anti-inflammatory efficacy of piroxicam (PX), a long-acting NSAID, by intra-articular (IA) administration in OA was reported, and the possibility that PX is distributed in articular tissues at a certain concentration was raised. Thus, herein, novel LC-MS/MS methods to detect PX in rat articular tissue and plasma are presented...
October 17, 2016: Archives of Pharmacal Research
Qi Wang, Elise E Drouin, Chunxiang Yao, Jiyang Zhang, Yu Huang, Deborah R Leon, Allen C Steere, Catherine E Costello
HLA-DR-molecules are highly expressed in synovial tissue (ST), the target of the immune response in chronic inflammatory forms of arthritis. Here, we used LC-MS/MS to identify HLA-DR-presented self-peptides in cells taken directly from clinical samples: ST, synovial fluid mononuclear cells (SFMC), or peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) from five patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and eight with Lyme arthritis (LA). We identified 1,593 non-redundant HLA-DR-presented peptides, derived from 870 source proteins...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Proteome Research
Noriko Takahashi, Toshihiro Ohba, Masahiko Imai, Shinya Hasegawa, Katsuhiko Takahashi, Masahiro Yamasaki, Yuri Kameoka
Retinoic acid (RA) has a variety of biological effects in mammalian cells and tissues. It is well known that RA induces differentiation of human acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) HL60 cells, fresh human APL cells, and clinical remission in patients with APL. Retinoylation (acylation of proteins by RA) is a possible pathway for RA action. However, an understanding of the role that retinoylation plays in the actions of RA is lacking. In the current study, several retinoylated proteins were detected in RA-treated HL60 fractions following Mono Q anion exchange chromatography and analysis using two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis...
October 6, 2016: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Viacheslav Viatchenko-Karpinski, Jianguo G Gu
Primary afferent fibers use mechanically activated (MA) currents to transduce innocuous and noxious mechanical stimuli. However, it is largely unknown about the differences in MA currents between the afferents for sensing innocuous and noxious stimuli. In the present study, we used dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons acutely dissociated from rats and studied their MA currents and also their intrinsic membrane properties. Recorded from small-sized DRG neurons, we found that most of these neurons were mechanically sensitive (MS) showing MA currents...
October 5, 2016: Neuroscience Letters
Hyun-Soo Ra, Do-Hyun Kwak, Jong-Soo Lee
2-Dimensional (2D) and 0-dimensional (0D) hybrid nanostructures have been reported as promising new systems for highly-sensitive and wavelength-tunable photodetectors. Although the performance of hybrid photodetectors was enhanced by charge injection from 0D nanocrystals (NCs) to 2D nanosheets (NSs), the response time of hybrid photodetectors is still very slow due to the trapping and leakage of residual carriers at the interfaces of the hybrid materials. Here, we demonstrate a MoS2/CdSe hybrid phototransistor with enhanced responsivity of 2...
October 6, 2016: Nanoscale
Md Humayun Kabir, A M Abd El-Aty, Md Musfiqur Rahman, Sung-Woo Kim, Jeong-Heui Choi, Young-Jun Lee, Lieu T B Truong, Kang-Bong Lee, Mi-Ra Kim, Ho-Chul Shin, Jae-Han Shim
This study was undertaken to quantify the residue levels and propose the dissipation kinetics of thiacloprid formulated as suspension concentrate (SC) in field-incurred Asian pears grown under two different open-field conditions. Samples were extracted with 20% distilled water in acetonitrile; partitioned with brine water and dichloromethane; and purified with a Florisil solid-phase extraction (SPE) cartridge. The analyte was identified with liquid chromatography (LC)-ultraviolet detector (UVD), and field-incurred samples were confirmed using LC-tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS)...
October 3, 2016: Biomedical Chromatography: BMC
Nathaniel Lizak, Alessandra Lugaresi, Raed Alroughani, Jeannette Lechner-Scott, Mark Slee, Eva Havrdova, Dana Horakova, Maria Trojano, Guillermo Izquierdo, Pierre Duquette, Marc Girard, Alexandre Prat, Pierre Grammond, Raymond Hupperts, Francois Grand'Maison, Patrizia Sola, Eugenio Pucci, Roberto Bergamaschi, Celia Oreja-Guevara, Vincent Van Pesch, Cristina Ramo, Daniele Spitaleri, Gerardo Iuliano, Cavit Boz, Franco Granella, Javier Olascoaga, Freek Verheul, Csilla Rozsa, Edgardo Cristiano, Shlomo Flechter, Suzanne Hodgkinson, Maria Pia Amato, Norma Deri, Vilija Jokubaitis, Tim Spelman, Helmut Butzkueven, Tomas Kalincik
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate variability and predictability of disability trajectories in moderately advanced and advanced multiple sclerosis (MS), and their modifiability with immunomodulatory therapy. METHODS: The epochs between Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) steps 3-6, 4-6 and 6-6.5 were analysed. Patients with relapse-onset MS and having reached 6-month confirmed baseline EDSS step (3/4/6) were identified in MSBase, a global observational MS cohort study...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
Aurea Lima, Miguel Bernardes, Rita Azevedo, Vitor Seabra, Rui Medeiros
AIM: Evaluate the potential of selected SNPs as predictors of methotrexate (MTX) therapeutic outcome. PATIENTS & METHODS: In total, 35 SNPs in 14 genes involved in MTX intracellular pathways and Phase II reactions were genotyped in 233 rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients treated with MTX. Binary logistic regressions were performed by genotype/haplotype-based approaches. Non-Response- and Toxicity-Genetic Risk Indexes (Non-RespGRI and ToxGRI) were created. RESULTS: MTX nonresponse was associated to eight genotypes and three haplotypes: MTHFR rs1801131 AA and rs1801133 TT; MS rs1805087 AA; MTRR rs1801394 A carriers; ATIC rs2372536 C carriers, rs4673993 T carriers, rs7563206 T carriers and rs12995526 T carriers; CC for GGH rs3758149 and rs12681874; CGTTT for ATIC combination 1; and CTTTC for ATIC combination 2...
October 2016: Pharmacogenomics
Eric Ku, Valentina Pedoia, Matthew Tanaka, Ursula Heilmeier, John Imboden, Jonathan Graf, Thomas Link, Xiaojuan Li
PURPOSE: To evaluate the feasibility of MR T1ρ in assessing radiocarpal cartilage matrix changes following rheumatoid arthritis (RA) treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Five healthy controls and nine RA patients were studied: three RA patients with low disease activity that were treated with methotrexate (MTX) alone and six with active disease despite MTX treatment who were additionally treated with certolizumab pegol, an anti-tumor necrosis factor biologic. Wrist 3 Tesla MRI were acquired at baseline and 3-month follow-up...
September 23, 2016: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: JMRI
Shannon R Sweeney, Arthur Kavanaugh, Alessia Lodi, Bo Wang, David Boyle, Stefano Tiziani, Monica Guma
To determine whether characterisation of patients' metabolic profiles, utilising nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and mass spectrometry (MS), could predict response to rituximab therapy. 23 patients with active, seropositive rheumatoid arthritis (RA) on concomitant methotrexate were treated with rituximab. Patients were grouped into responders and non-responders according to the American College of Rheumatology improvement criteria, at a 20% level at 6 months. A Bruker Avance 700 MHz spectrometer and a Thermo Scientific Q Exactive Hybrid Quadrupole-Orbitrap mass spectrometer were used to acquire (1)H-NMR and ultra high pressure liquid chromatography (UPLC)-MS/MS spectra, respectively, of serum samples before and after rituximab therapy...
2016: RMD Open
Tue Bjerg Bennike, Torkell Ellingsen, Henning Glerup, Ole Kristian Bonderup, Thomas Gelsing Carlsen, Michael Kruse Kruse Meyer, Martin Bøgsted, Gunna Christiansen, Svend Birkelund, Vibeke Andersen, Allan Stensballe
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an inflammatory joint disease leading to cartilage damage and ultimately impaired joint function. To gain new insight into the systemic immune manifestations of RA, we characterized the colon mucosa proteome from 11 RA-patients and 10 healthy controls. The biopsies were extracted by colonoscopy and analyzed by label-free quantitative proteomics, enabling the quantitation of 5,366 proteins. The abundance of dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR) was statistically significantly increased in RA-patient biopsies compared to controls, and correlated with the administered dosage of methotrexate (MTX), the most frequently prescribed immunosuppressive drug for RA...
September 14, 2016: Journal of Proteome Research
Sonia Bourguiba-Hachemi, Tebah K Ashkanani, Fatema J Kadhem, Wassim Y Almawi, Raed Alroughani, M Dahmani Fathallah
Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) are useful genetic markers to investigate the onset of multiple sclerosis (MS). A genome wide association study identified 7 SNPs associated with interferon‑β therapy response, however, not with MS risk in a Spanish population. To investigate these findings in a different cohort, the 7 SNPs were investigated in an Arabian Gulf population. The SNPs were analyzed in 268 subjects (156 patients and 112 healthy volunteers) from the Arabian Gulf region using restriction fragment length polymorphism-polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and KBioscience Competitive Allele Specific PCR genotyping methods...
October 2016: Molecular Medicine Reports
Ahmed M Adlan, Julian F R Paton, Gregory Y H Lip, George D Kitas, James P Fisher
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic inflammatory condition associated with increased cardiovascular morbidity/mortality and an incompletely understood pathophysiology. In animal studies, central and blood-borne inflammatory cytokines that can be elevated in RA evoke pathogenic increases in sympathetic activity and reductions in baroreflex sensitivity (BRS). We hypothesised that muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA) was increased and BRS decreased in RA. MSNA, blood pressure and heart rate (HR) were recorded in age- and sex-matched RA-normotensive (n = 13), RA-hypertensive patients (RA-HTN; n = 17), normotensive (NC; n = 17) and hypertensive controls (HTN; n = 16)...
August 26, 2016: Journal of Physiology
Thallita Pereira Queiroz, Rafael Scaf de Molon, Francisley Ávila Souza, Rogério Margonar, Anahi Herrera Aparecida Thomazini, Antônio Carlos Guastaldi, Eduardo Hochuli-Vieira
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to assess the surfaces of commercially pure titanium implants (cp Ti) with modified surfaces by laser beam (LS) with and without hydroxyapatite (HA) deposition, without (HAB) and with (HABT) thermal treatment. Furthermore, we have compared them with implants with surfaces modified by acid treatment (AS) and with machined surfaces (MS) utilizing histomorphometric and descriptive histologic analyses. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Surface topography characterization was analyzed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray energy-dispersive spectroscopy (EDX), and surface roughness (Ra) before implant installation...
August 16, 2016: Clinical Oral Investigations
Almudena Pérez-Sánchez, Enrique Barrajón-Catalán, María Herranz-López, Julián Castillo, Vicente Micol
BACKGROUND: Solar ultraviolet (UV) radiation is one of the main causes of a variety of cutaneous disorders, including photoaging and skin cancer. Its UVB component (280-315nm) leads to oxidative stress and causes inflammation, DNA damage, p53 induction and lipid and protein oxidation. Recently, an increase in the use of plant polyphenols with antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties has emerged to protect human skin against the deleterious effects of sunlight. OBJECTIVE: This study evaluates the protective effects of lemon balm extract (LBE) (Melissa Officinalis, L) and its main phenolic compound rosmarinic acid (RA) against UVB-induced damage in human keratinocytes...
August 4, 2016: Journal of Dermatological Science
Moshe Rav-Acha, Chee Yuan Ng, E Kevin Heist, Guy Rozen, Fadi Chalhoub, William J Kostis, Jeremy Ruskin, Moussa Mansour
INTRODUCTION: The treatment of atrial tachycardia (AT) occurring after ablation for atrial fibrillation (AF) is challenging. The most common ablation strategy relies on entrainment, and electroanatomic activation mapping (EAM) using a conventional window of interest (WOI), centered on the easily detectable atrial signal on the coronary sinus catheter. We describe a novel EAM annotation technique that uses a WOI starting 40 ms prior to the P wave in order to detect the reentrant AT exit site...
August 10, 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology
Seyed Mohammad Masood Hojjati, Behzad Heidari, Mansour Babaei
Coexistence of multiple sclerosis (MS) with other autoimmune diseases has been attributed to common background genetic or environmental factors. This study presents development of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) during treatment of MS. The MS was confirmed by the Mc Donald criteria and the diagnosis of RA was confirmed by the ACR/EULAR criteria. A 35 years old women with 9 years of MS who was receiving interferon beta 1-a (INF) for 7 years and who did not respond to conventional therapy of RA over 8 months developed clinical manifestations of RA...
September 2016: Journal of Advanced Research
Hui Chen, Hongqin You, Lifang Wang, Xuan Zhang, Jianmin Zhang, Wei He
Human γδ T cells recognize conserved endogenous and stress-induced antigens typically associated with autoimmune diseases. However, the role of γδ T cells in autoimmune diseases is not clear. Few autoimmune disease-related antigens recognized by T cell receptor (TCR) γδ have been defined. In this study, we compared Vδ2 TCR complementarity-determining region 3 (CDR3) between systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients and healthy donors. Results show that CDR3 length distribution differed significantly and displayed oligoclonal characteristics in SLE patients when compared with healthy donors...
September 16, 2016: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Javier Rodríguez-Carrio, Mercedes Alperi-López, Patricia López, Francisco Javier Ballina-García, Ana Suárez
OBJECTIVES: Since lipid compounds are known to modulate the function of CD4+ T-cells and macrophages, we hypothesize that altered levels of serum non-esterified fatty acids (NEFA) may underlie rheumatoid arthritis (RA) pathogenesis. METHODS: Serum levels of NEFA (palmitic, stearic, palmitoleic, oleic, linoleic, γ-linoleic, arachidonic -AA-, linolenic, eicosapentaenoic -EPA- and docosahexaenoic -DHA-) were quantified by LC-MS/MS after methyl-tert-butylether (MTBE)-extraction in 124 RA patients and 56 healthy controls (HC)...
2016: PloS One
Eduarda M P Silva, Cristina M R F Barros, Clementina M M Santos, António S Barros, M Rosário M Domingues, Artur M S Silva
RATIONALE: Xanthones (XH) are a class of heterocyclic compounds widely distributed in nature that hold numerous noteworthy biological and antioxidant activities. Therefore, it is of utmost importance to achieve relevant detailed structural information to understand and assist prediction of their biological properties. The potential relationship between radical-mediated xanthone chemistry in the gas phase and their promising antioxidant activities has not been previously explored. METHODS: Protonated xanthones XH1-9 were generated in the gas phase by electrospray ionization (ESI) and the main fragmentation pathways of the protonated XH1-9 formed due to collision-induced dissociation (CID) were investigated...
October 30, 2016: Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry: RCM
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