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Yawen Sun, Xin Ge, Xu Han, Wenwei Cao, Yao Wang, Weina Ding, Mengqiu Cao, Yong Zhang, Qun Xu, Yan Zhou, Jianrong Xu
The presence and pattern of iron accumulation in subcortical vascular mild cognitive impairment (svMCI) and their effects on cognition have rarely been investigated. We aimed to examine brain iron deposition in svMCI subjects using quantitative susceptibility mapping (QSM). Moreover, we aimed to investigate the correlation between brain iron deposition and the severity of cognitive impairment as indicated by z-scores. We recruited 20 subcortical ischemic vascular disease (SIVD) patients who fulfilled the criteria for svMCI...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
Yun Jeong Hong, Chan-Mi Kim, Ji Eun Kim, Jee Hoon Roh, Jae Seung Kim, Sang Won Seo, Duk L Na, Jae-Hong Lee
We investigated the amyloid and vascular burden in Pittsburgh compound B (PiB)-negative subcortical vascular mild cognitive impairment (svMCI) and PiB-negative subcortical ischemic vascular dementia (SIVD) to elucidate the potential roles of amyloid deposition and small vessel disease (SVD). Thirty-eight svMCI patients and 42 SIVD patients were enrolled. The regional PiB uptake values and SVD markers were obtained and compared between groups. Additionally, correlations among amyloid burden, SVD, and cognition were made...
March 16, 2017: Neurobiology of Aging
Min-Chien Tu, Chung-Ping Lo, Ching-Feng Huang, Yen-Hsuan Hsu, Wen-Hui Huang, Jie Fu Deng, Yung-Chuan Lee
OBJECTIVE: To describe and compare diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) parameters between patients with subcortical ischemic vascular disease (SIVD) and Alzheimer's disease (AD) diagnosed using structuralized neuropsychiatric assessments, and investigate potential neuronal substrates related to cognitive performance. METHODS: Thirty-five patients with SIVD, 40 patients with AD, and 33 cognitively normal control (NC) subjects matched by age and education level were consecutively recruited and underwent cognitive function assessments and DTI examinations...
2017: PloS One
Gary A Rosenberg
Vascular cognitive impairment and dementia (VCID) include a wide spectrum of chronic manifestations of vascular disease related to large vessel strokes and small vessel disease (SVD). Lacunar strokes and white matter (WM) injury are consequences of SVD. The main vascular risk factor for SVD is brain hypoperfusion from cerebral blood vessel narrowing due to chronic hypertension. The hypoperfusion leads to activation and degeneration of astrocytes with the resulting fibrosis of the extracellular matrix (ECM)...
March 1, 2017: Clinical Science (1979-)
Mandy Busse, Ralf Kunschmann, Henrik Dobrowolny, Jessica Hoffmann, Bernhard Bogerts, Johann Steiner, Thomas Frodl, Stefan Busse
N-Methyl-D-aspartate glutamate receptor (NMDA-R) antibodies (Abs) could play a role in neurodegenerative disorders. Since, in these diseases, NMDA-R Abs were detected in serum, but only sporadic in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), the origin and impact of the Abs are still unresolved. We examined the presence of NMDA-R Abs in serum and CSF using a cell-based immunofluorescence assay as well as the function of the blood-CSF-barrier (B-CSF-B) by determination of Q albumin (ratio of albumin in CSF and serum) in patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI; N = 59) and different types of dementia, Alzheimer's disease (AD; N = 156), subcortical ischemic vascular dementia (SIVD; N = 61), and frontotemporal dementia (FTD; N = 34)...
February 8, 2017: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience
Yen-Hsuan Hsu, Ching-Feng Huang, Chung-Ping Lo, Tzu-Lan Wang, Chi-Cheng Yang, Min-Chien Tu
BACKGROUND: Prominent executive dysfunction can differentiate vascular dementia from Alzheimer disease (AD). However, it is unclear whether the Frontal Assessment Battery (FAB) screening tool can differentiate subcortical ischemic vascular disease (SIVD) from AD at the pre-dementia stage. In addition, the neural correlates of FAB performance have yet to be clarified. METHODS: Patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) due to SIVD (MCI-V), MCI due to AD (MCI-A), and demographically matched controls completed the Mini-Mental State Examination, Taiwanese FAB (TFAB), Category Fluency, and Chinese Version of the Verbal Learning Test, and underwent magnetic resonance imaging...
2016: Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders
Yiting Zhou, Jing Zhang, Lu Wang, Ying Chen, Yushan Wan, Yang He, Lei Jiang, Jing Ma, Rujia Liao, Xiangnan Zhang, Liyun Shi, Zhenghong Qin, Yudong Zhou, Zhong Chen, Weiwei Hu
Subcortical ischemic vascular dementia (SIVD) caused by chronic cerebral hypoperfusion exhibits progressive white matter and cognitive impairments. However, its pathogenetic mechanisms are poorly understood. We investigated the role of interleukin-1β (IL-1β) and its receptor IL-1 receptor type 1 (IL-1R1) in an experimental SIVD model generated via right unilateral common carotid arteries occlusion (rUCCAO) in mice. We found that IL-1β expression was elevated in the corpus callosum at the early stages after rUCCAO...
February 2017: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
Yawen Sun, Wenwei Cao, Weina Ding, Yao Wang, Xu Han, Yan Zhou, Qun Xu, Yong Zhang, Jianrong Xu
Abnormal reductions in cortical cerebral blood flow (CBF) have been identified in subcortical vascular cognitive impairment (SVCI). However, little is known about the pattern of CBF reduction in relation with the degree of cognitive impairment. CBF measured with three-dimensional (3D) Arterial Spin Labeling (ASL) perfusion magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) helps detect functional changes in subjects with SVCI. We aimed to compare CBF maps in subcortical ischemic vascular disease (SIVD) subjects with and without cognitive impairment and to detect the relationship of the regions of CBF reduction in the brain with the degree of cognitive impairment according to the z-score...
2016: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
Caroline Greenan, Lynn Murphy, Ly-Mee Yu, Patrick G Kehoe, Elizabeth Coulthard, Philip Bath, Robert Stewart, Rob Jones, Anne Corbett, Alan Thomas, Peter Connelly, Frank Arrojo, Rachel Canning, Sylvia Wallach, Catherine Henderson, Bernadette McGuinness, Mike O'Sullivan, Clive Holmes, Martin Knapp, Clive Ballard, Peter Passmore
BACKGROUND: Vascular dementia is the second most common cause of dementia affecting over seven million people worldwide, yet there are no licensed treatments. There is an urgent need for a clinical trial in this patient group. Subcortical ischaemic vascular dementia is the most common variant of vascular dementia. This randomised trial will investigate whether use of calcium channel blockade with amlodipine, a commonly used agent, can provide the first evidence-based pharmacological treatment for subcortical ischaemic vascular dementia...
July 18, 2016: Trials
A Melo, M A Faria, E Pinto, C Mansilha, I M P L V O Ferreira
Water disinfection plays a crucial role in water safety but it is also a matter of concern as the use of disinfectants promotes the formation of disinfection by-products (DBPs). Haloacetic acids (HAAs) are one of the major classes of DBPs since they are frequently found in treated water, are ubiquitous, pervasive and have high water solubility, so a great concern emerged about their formation, occurrence and toxicity. Exposure to HAAs is influenced by consumption patterns and diet of individuals thus their bioavailability is an important parameter to the overall toxicity...
October 2016: Chemosphere
Bruna Mateus Rocha de Andrade, Susana Pimentel Pinto Giannini, André de Campos Duprat, Léslie Piccolotto Ferreira
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the relationship between the presence of videolaryngoscopic signs suggestive of laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR) and voice disorder (VD) in teachers. METHODS: this is a cross-sectional study with convenience sample and inclusion criteria as subjects 18 years or older, be a teacher female, seek care with complaint of VD and/or LPR. The exclusion criteria included smoking and presence of respiratory changes. All subjects concluded the following instruments: Vocal Production Condition - Teacher (VPC-T), including the Screening Index for Voice Disorder (SIVD); and Voice Handicap Index (VHI)...
July 7, 2016: CoDAS
Zongsheng Chen, Xianfa Liang, Chunxiu Zhang, Jinling Wang, Gaiping Chen, Hong Zhang, Zhongwu Sun
BACKGROUND: To date, the relationship between thyroid dysfunction and subcortical ischemic vascular disease (SIVD)-induced cognitive impairments still remains elusive. METHODS: Cognitive performances were examined in 215 participants, including 54 healthy participants, 52 SIVD patients with no dementia (SIVDND), 55 patients with mild cognitive impairment (SVMCI), and 54 patients with vascular dementia (VD). Serum thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), total triiodothyronine (TT3), free triiodothyronine (FT3), total thyroxine (TT4) and free thyroxine (FT4), thyroglobulin antibody (TGA), and antithyroid peroxidase antibody (TPO-Abs) were quantified by radioimmunoassay or ELISA...
April 2016: Brain and Behavior
Jing Ma, Jihui Chen, Shuhong Bo, Xiaotong Lu, Jian Zhang
AIM: Subcortical ischemic vascular dementia (SIVD) induced by chronic hypoperfusion is a common cause of vascular dementia. The aim of this study was to determine whether the protective effect of carnosine on white matter lesion after chronic cerebral hypoperfusion through suppressing astrocyte activation. METHODS: Adult male mice (C57BL/6 strain) were subjected to permanent occlusion of the right unilateral common carotid arteries (rUCCAO) and treated with carnosine or histidine...
2015: American Journal of Translational Research
X X Tong, L Wang, X Zhou, C Zhang, L Fang, Y J Zhou, Z W Sun
OBJECTIVE: To explore the effect of brain atrophy on the cognition in patients with subcortical ischemic vascular disease (SIVD). METHODS: A total of 116 SIVD patients were enrolled from the Department of Neurology, First Affiliated Hospital, Anhui Medical University between September 2013 and December 2014. Lobar atrophy, leukoaraiosis (LA), lacunar infarcts (LI) and vascular risk factors were analyzed in the 116 SIVD patients who were divided into three groups according to the diagnostic criteria: non-cognitive impairment group (SIVD-NCI) , mild cognitive impairment group (SIVD-MCI) and dement group (SIVD-VaD)...
January 5, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
Alexa J Bracht, Emily S O'Hearn, Andrew W Fabian, Roger W Barrette, Abu Sayed
Senecavirus A (SV-A), formerly, Seneca Valley virus (SVV), has been detected in swine with vesicular lesions and is thought to be associated with swine idiopathic vesicular disease (SIVD), a vesicular disease syndrome that lacks a defined causative agent. The clinical presentation of SIVD resembles that of other more contagious and economically devastating vesicular diseases, such as foot-and-mouth disease (FMD), swine vesicular disease (SVD), and vesicular stomatitis (VS), that typically require immediate rule out diagnostics to lift restrictions on animal quarantine, movement, and trade...
2016: PloS One
Akihiro Kitamura, Satoshi Saito, Takakuni Maki, Naoya Oishi, Takashi Ayaki, Yorito Hattori, Yumi Yamamoto, Makoto Urushitani, Raj N Kalaria, Hidenao Fukuyama, Karen Horsburgh, Ryosuke Takahashi, Masafumi Ihara
Rats subjected to bilateral common carotid arteries (CCAs) occlusion or 2-vessel occlusion (2VO) have been used as animal models of subcortical ischemic vascular dementia (SIVD). However, these models possess an inherent limitation in that cerebral blood flow (CBF) drops sharply and substantially after ligation of CCAs without vascular risk factors and causative small vessel changes. We previously reported a novel rat model of 2-vessel gradual occlusion (2VGO) in which ameroid constrictors (ACs) were placed bilaterally in the CCAs of Wistar-Kyoto rats...
September 2016: Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism
A M Havinga-Top, A Waninge, C P van der Schans, H Jager-Wittenaar
BACKGROUND: Body composition measurements provide important information about physical fitness and nutritional status. People with severe intellectual and visual disabilities (SIVD) have an increased risk for altered body composition. Bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) has been evidenced as a reliable and non-invasive method to asses body composition in healthy persons and various patient populations; however, currently, there is no feasible method available to determine body composition in people with SIVD...
December 2015: Research in Developmental Disabilities
Jing Ma, Jing Zhang, Wei Wei Hou, Xiao Hua Wu, Ru Jia Liao, Ying Chen, Zhe Wang, Xiang Nan Zhang, Li San Zhang, Yu Dong Zhou, Zhong Chen, Wei Wei Hu
Subcortical ischemic vascular dementia (SIVD) caused by chronic cerebral hypoperfusion develops with progressive white matter and cognitive impairments, yet no effective therapy is available. We investigated the temporal effects of minocycline on an experimental SIVD exerted by right unilateral common carotid arteries occlusion (rUCCAO). Minocycline treated at the early stage (day 0-3), but not the late stage after rUCCAO (day 4-32) alleviated the white matter and cognitive impairments, and promoted remyelination...
2015: Scientific Reports
Chen Liu, Chuanming Li, Jun Yang, Li Gui, Lu Zhao, Alan C Evans, Xuntao Yin, Jian Wang
The aim of this study was to investigate the brain iron accumulation in subcortical ischemic vascular dementia (SIVD) and its correlation with the severity of cognitive impairment. Thirty five patients with SIVD and 35 healthy controls underwent high-resolution susceptibility-weighted imaging. The phase shift value of the bilateral hippocampus (HP), caudate nucleus (CN), globus pallidus (GP), putamen (PU), thalamus (TH), red nucleus (RN), substantia nigra (SN), anterior cingulate cortex (ACC), posterior cingulate (PCC), parietal cortex (PC) and frontal white matter (FWM) were examined and correlated with neuropsychological scores for SIVD patients...
July 15, 2015: Behavioural Brain Research
Lin Lin, Yunjing Xue, Qing Duan, Bin Sun, Hailong Lin, Xiaodan Chen, Ling Luo, Xiaofan Wei, Zhongping Zhang
Recent studies in subcortical ischemic vascular disease (SIVD) suggest the involvement of white matter (WM) abnormalities underlying the pathogenesis of cognitive function impairment. Here, we performed magnetic resonance diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) on detecting WM damage and to investigate the correlations between DTI measures and cognitive dysfunction in SIVD patients. Fifty right-handed SIVD patients were recruited and divided into vascular cognitive impairment on dementia (VCIND) group and normal cognition (NC) group...
June 2015: Journal of Molecular Neuroscience: MN
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