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Raquel Batista Dantas, Graziella Lage Oliveira, Andréa Maria Silveira
OBJECTIVE: Adapt and evaluate the psychometric properties of the Vulnerability to Abuse Screening Scale to identify risk of domestic violence against older adults in Brazil. METHODS: The instrument was adapted and validated in a sample of 151 older adults from a geriatric reference center in the municipality of Belo Horizonte, State of Minas Gerais, in 2014. We collected sociodemographic, clinical, and abuse-related information, and verified reliability by reproducibility in a sample of 55 older people, who underwent re-testing of the instrument seven days after the first application...
April 10, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
María C Rodríguez-Rodríguez, Pedro Jordano, Alfredo Valido
Plant-animal interactions are pivotal for ecosystem functioning, and usually form complex networks involving multiple species of mutualists as well as antagonists. The costs and benefits of these interactions show a strong context-dependency directly related to individual variation in partner identity and differential strength. Yet understanding the context-dependency and functional consequences of mutualistic and antagonistic interactions on individuals remains a lasting challenge. We use a network approach to characterize the individual, plant-based pollination interaction networks of the Canarian Isoplexis canariensis (Plantaginaceae) with a mixed assemblage of vertebrate mutualists (birds and lizards) and invertebrate antagonists (florivores, nectar larcenists, and predispersal seed predators)...
January 30, 2017: Ecology
Ingrid Correia Nogueira, Amanda Souza Araújo, Maria Tereza Morano, Antonio George Cavalcante, Pedro Felipe de Bruin, Johana Susan Paddison, Guilherme Pinheiro da Silva, Eanes Delgado Pereira
Objective: To evaluate the properties of the Identity-Consequence Fatigue Scale (ICFS) in patients with lung cancer (LC), assessing the intensity of fatigue and associated factors. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study involving LC patients, treated at a teaching hospital in Brazil, who completed the ICFS. Patients with chronic heart disease (CHD) and healthy controls, matched for age and gender, also completed the scale. Initially, a Brazilian Portuguese-language version of the ICFS was administered to 50 LC patients by two independent interviewers; to test for reproducibility, it was readministered to those same patients...
January 23, 2017: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia: Publicaça̋o Oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia
Carlos José Lazzarini-Mendes, Adhemar Monteiro Pacheco, Bárbara Bozzoli Destro, Caroline Tamaro, Fábio Antonio Del Picchia DE Araújo Nogueira, David Chen, Wolfgang Reinpold, Vitor Bruscagin, Sergio Roll, Rodrigo Altenfelder Silva
Objective: to evaluate the method of training and continuing education of 18 surgeons in 2014, and 28 surgeons in 2015, in the Holy Homes of Ribeirao Preto, Araraquara, Franca and San Carlos of São Paulo, in the performance of Lichtenstein inguinal herniorrhaphy, tutored by the Faculty of Medical Sciences of the São Paulo Holy Home and the organization HERNIA HELP - "Hernia Repair for the Underserved". Methods: the training was tutored and systematized through an active methodology of teaching and learning, aiming to offer competence, skills and attitudes, measured by a previously validated Qualification Form, qualifying leaders in trainees' improvement...
September 2016: Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões
Reggie H Lee, Alexandre Couto E Silva, Francesca M Lerner, Carl S Wilkins, Stephen E Valido, Daniel D Klein, Celeste Y Wu, Jake T Neumann, David Della-Morte, Stephen H Koslow, Alireza Minagar, Hung Wen Lin
Sympathetic nervous system activity is increased after cardiopulmonary arrest, resulting in vasoconstrictor release from the perivascular sympathetic nerves of cerebral arteries. However, the pathophysiological function of the perivascular sympathetic nerves in the ischemic brain remains unclear. A rat model of global cerebral ischemia (asphyxial cardiac arrest, ACA) was used to investigate perivascular sympathetic nerves of cerebral arteries via bilateral decentralization (preganglionic lesion) of the superior cervical ganglion (SCG)...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Mercedes Valido Quintana, Ángeles Oviedo Santos, Silvia Borkoski Barreiro, Alfredo Santana Rodríguez, Ángel Ramos Macías
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: Sixty percent of prelingual hearing loss is of genetic origin. A family history of permanent childhood hearing loss is a risk factor. The objective of the study is to determine the relationship between this risk factor and hearing loss. We have evaluated clinical and epidemiological characteristics and related nonsyndromic genetic variation. MATERIAL AND METHOD: This was a retrospective, descriptive and observational study of newborns between January 2007 and December 2010 with family history as risk factor for hearing loss using transient evoked otoacoustic emissions and auditory brainstem response...
October 21, 2016: Acta Otorrinolaringológica Española
Luisa Fernanda Rodríguez-Villalba, Robinson Ramírez-Vélez, Jorge Enrique Correa-Bautista
Objetivo: el propósito del estudio fue relacionar la etapa en el cambio en el comportamiento frente a la actividad física y el estado nutricional en escolares de Bogotá, Colombia, pertenecientes al estudio FUPRECOL.Método: se trata de un estudio transversal, realizado en 8.000 niños y adolescentes de entre 9 y 17 años, pertenecientes a 24 instituciones educativas. Se aplicó de manera autodiligenciada el cuestionario de cambio de comportamiento en función de la intención de realizar actividad física (CCC-FUPRECOL) y se midió el peso y la estatura para determinar el estado nutricional con el índice de masa corporal (IMC)...
September 20, 2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
Virginia Almadana Pacheco, Ana Paulina Gómez-Bastero Fernández, Agustín Valido Morales, Estefanía Luque Crespo, Soledad Monserrat, Teodoro Montemayor Rubio
There is evidence of the relationship between mental illness and smoking and increased risk of depressive episodes after quitting smoking, even with specific treatments for abstinence. OBJECTIVE: To assess the influence of a cessation program on the emotional state of patients by measuring levels of anxiety / depression and differences depending on the presence of psychiatric history. METHOD: A prospective observational study of patients taking part in a combined program (pharmacological and cognitive-behavioral) for giving up smoking...
October 7, 2016: Adicciones
Yasmin da Silva Chaves, Afrânio Côgo Destefani
Introduction: The dumping syndrome is frequent in bariatric surgery. It is probably the most common syndrome following partial or complete gastrectomy. Its prevalence in partial gastrectomy can reach up to 50%, thus it can be a significant complication arising from some types of bariatric surgeries. Objective: Critical analysis on dumping syndrome, its pathophysiology, diagnosis and treatment. Methods: A literature review was performed using the key words: 'dumping syndrome', 'bariatric surgery' and 'rapid dumping syndrome'...
2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
Eliane Nepomuceno, Renata Cristina de Campos Pereira Silveira, Carina Aparecida Marosti Dessotte, Rejane Kiyomi Furuya, Eliana De Cássia Arantes, Débora Cristine Prévide Teixeira da Cunha, Rosana Aparecida Spadoti Dantas
OBJECTIVE: To identify and describe the instruments used to assess patients' expectations toward spine surgery. METHOD: An integrative review was carried out in the databases PubMed, CINAHL, LILACS and PsycINFO. RESULTS: A total of 4,402 publications were identified, of which 25 met the selection criteria. Of the studies selected, only three used tools that had confirmed validity and reliability to be applied; in five studies, clinical scores were used, and were modified for the assessment of patients' expectations, and in 17 studies the researchers developed scales without an adequate description of the method used for their development and validation...
July 2016: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
Maria Carmen Martinez, Viviane Ernesto Iwamoto, Maria do Rosário Dias de Oliveira Latorre, Adriana Moreira Noronha, Ana Paula de Sousa Oliveira, Carlos Eduardo Alves Cardoso, Ifigenia Augusta Braga Marques, Patrícia Vendramim, Paula Cristina Lopes, Thais Helena Saes de Sant'Ana
OBJECTIVE: to perform the transcultural adaptation and content validity analysis of the Johns Hopkins Fall Risk Assessment Tool to assess both fall risk and fall-related injury risk for hospitalized elderly in Brazil. METHOD: the transcultural adaptation consisted of translating the scale to Portuguese (Brazil), back-translating it into its language of origin, establishing a consensus version, and having an expert committee verify its transcultural equivalence. Content assessment was conducted by a committee of judges, ending with the calculation of the items and scales' content validity index...
August 29, 2016: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
Carolina Domingues Hirsch, Edison Luiz Devos Barlem, Jamila Geri Tomaschewski Barlem, Graziele de Lima Dalmolin, Liliane Alves Pereira, Amanda Guimarães Ferreira
OBJECTIVE: to cross-culturally adapt and validate the Nursing Student Satisfaction Scale (NSSS) for use with nursing students in the Brazilian context. METHOD: this was a quantitative exploratory and descriptive study using a cross-sectional design conducted with 123 undergraduate nursing students studying at a public university in the south of Brazil. The cross-cultural adaptation was performed according to international guidelines. Validation for use in a Brazilian context was performed using factor analysis and Cronbach's alpha...
August 29, 2016: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
Camila Mendonça de Moraes Lopes, Vanderlei José Haas, Rosana Aparecida Spadoti Dantas, Cheila Gonçalves de Oliveira, Cristina Maria Galvão
OBJECTIVE: to build and validate a scale to assess the risk of surgical positioning injuries in adult patients. METHOD: methodological research, conducted in two phases: construction and face and content validation of the scale and field research, involving 115 patients. RESULTS: the Risk Assessment Scale for the Development of Injuries due to Surgical Positioning contains seven items, each of which presents five subitems. The scale score ranges between seven and 35 points in which, the higher the score, the higher the patient's risk...
August 29, 2016: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
Lanuza Borges Oliveira, Fernanda Amaral Soares, Marise Fagundes Silveira, Lucinéia de Pinho, Antônio Prates Caldeira, Maísa Tavares de Souza Leite
OBJECTIVE: to develop and validate an instrument to evaluate the knowledge of health professionals about domestic violence on children. METHOD: this was a study conducted with 194 physicians, nurses and dentists. A literature review was performed for preparation of the items and identification of the dimensions. Apparent and content validation was performed using analysis of three experts and 27 professors of the pediatric health discipline. For construct validation, Cronbach's alpha was used, and the Kappa test was applied to verify reproducibility...
August 18, 2016: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
Maria Manuela Frederico-Ferreira, Ana Paula Forte Camarneiro, Cândida Rosalinda Exposto da Costa Loureiro, Maria Clara Amado Apóstolo Ventura
OBJECTIVE: to perform the cultural adaptation to Portuguese of the Nursing Clinical Facilitators Questionnaire (NCFQ), which was designed by the Centre for Learning and Teaching at the University of Technology of Sydney, and to validate this instrument. METHODS: this methodological study involved the cultural adaptation of the questionnaire by using translation, back-translation, semantic comparison, idiomatic and conceptual equivalence, and validation through validity and reliability analyses and used a sample of 767 students in their second year of the Nursing Program...
August 15, 2016: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
Emilia María López Lirola, María Concepción Iríbar Ibabe, José María Peinado Herreros
Introducción: la malnutrición en el anciano que ingresa en el hospital es bastante frecuente y condiciona no solo la extensión de la estancia hospitalaria, sino el pronóstico o la aparición de otras patologías. Su valoración puede basarse en medidas antropométricas, parámetros bioquímicosy test nutricionales.Objetivos: valorar si la circunferencia de pantorrilla es un indicador válido de desnutrición en el paciente anciano recién hospitalizado, analizando la posible influencia del sexo y la edad...
June 30, 2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
Emilia María López Lirola, María Concepción Iríbar Ibabe, José María Peinado Herreros
Introducción: la malnutrición en el anciano que ingresa en el hospital es bastante frecuente y condiciona no solo la extensión de la estancia hospitalaria, sino el pronóstico o la aparición de otras patologías. Su valoración puede basarse en medidas antropométricas, parámetros bioquímicosy test nutricionales.Objetivos: valorar si la circunferencia de pantorrilla es un indicador válido de desnutrición en el paciente anciano recién hospitalizado, analizando la posible influencia del sexo y la edad...
2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
Maria Aparecida Vieira, Conceição Vieira da Silva Ohara, Edvane Birelo Lopes de Domenico
OBJECTIVE: to construct an instrument for the assessment of graduates of undergraduate nursing courses and to validate this instrument through the consensus of specialists. METHOD: methodological study. In order to elaborate the instrument, documental analysis and a literature review were undertaken. Validation took place through use of the Delphi Conference, between September 2012 and September 2013, in which 36 specialists from Brazilian Nursing participated. In order to analyze reliability, the Cronbach alpha coefficient, the item/total correlation, and the Pearson correlation coefficient were calculated...
June 14, 2016: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
Flávia Oliveira de Almeida Marques da Cruz, Elaine Barros Ferreira, Christiane Inocêncio Vasques, Luciana Regina Ferreira da Mata, Paula Elaine Diniz Dos Reis
OBJECTIVE: develop the content and face validation of an educative manual for patients with head and neck cancer submitted to radiation therapy. METHOD: descriptive methodological research. The Theory of Psychometrics was used for the validation process, developed by 15 experts in the theme area of the educative manual and by two language and publicity professionals. A minimum agreement level of 80% was considered to guarantee the validity of the material. RESULTS: the items addressed in the assessment tool of the educative manual were divided in three blocks: objectives, structure and format, and relevance...
June 14, 2016: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
Ivonne Villa Jiménez, María José Aguilar Cordero, Rafael Guisado Barrilao, José Naranjo Orellana, Laura Guerrero Almeida
Este estudio analiza la respuesta ventilatoria en 46 niños varones (8,28 ± 1 años) durante una prueba máxima incremental en cicloergómetro y las concentraciones de lactato sanguíneo al final de la prueba. El incremento fue de 10 vatios cada minuto y se inició a 25 vatios. Durante la prueba el aire espirado se recolectó a través de una mascarilla facial y se analizó respiración a respiración. El segundo umbral ventilatorio (VT 2 ) se determinó según los métodos de intercambio de gases. Todos los niños alcanzaron una potencia máxima (P máx ) de 82,4 ± 1,6 W y un consumo pico de oxígeno (VO 2 ) de 44,69 ± 3,01 ml/kg/min...
March 25, 2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
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