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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203255/the-influencing-factors-on-procalcitonin-values-in-newborns-with-noninfectious-conditions-during-the-first-week-of-life
#1
Jueseong Lee, Yong Hyeon Bang, Eun Hee Lee, Byung Min Choi, Young Sook Hong
PURPOSE: Although procalcitonin (PCT) level is useful for the diagnosis of neonatal sepsis, PCT reliability is inconsistent because of the varied conditions encountered in neonatal intensive care units. This study aimed to investigate PCT levels and factors influencing increased PCT levelin newborns without bacterial infection during the first week of life. METHODS: In newborns hospitalized between March 2013 and October 2015, PCT levels were measured on the first, third, and seventh days after birth...
January 2017: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194395/gender-differences-in-respiratory-morbidity-and-mortality-of-preterm-neonates
#2
REVIEW
Courtney Denise Townsel, Sawyer F Emmer, Winston A Campbell, Naveed Hussain
For the past century, researchers have underscored the "disadvantage" observed in respiratory morbidity and mortality of male newborns. In this contemporary review, we examine gender differences in preterm infant respiratory morbidity and mortality specifically appraising differences in the very low birth weight (VLBW) population as well as the late preterm (LPT) population. In the era of postnatal surfactant and antenatal corticosteroids, the gender gap in neonatal outcomes has not narrowed. Structural, physiologic, and hormonal sex differences may be at the root of this disparity...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174626/maternal-undernutrition-and-excessive-body-weight-and-risk-of-birth-and-health-outcomes
#3
Md Nuruzzaman Khan, Md Mizanur Rahman, Asma Ahmad Shariff, Md Mostafizur Rahman, Md Shafiur Rahman, Md Aminur Rahman
BACKGROUND: Overweight and obesity are increasing in low- and middle-income countries, while underweight remains a significant health problems. However, the association between double burden of nutrition and risk of adverse birth and health outcomes is still unclear in Bangladesh. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of maternal undernutrition and excessive body weight on a range of maternal and child health outcomes. METHODS: In this study, we used Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey (BDHS) 2011 and 2014 data sets to cover the maternal, child and non-communicable diseases related health outcomes...
2017: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160963/new-birthweight-charts-according-to-parity-and-type-of-delivery-for-the-spanish-population
#4
José Manuel Terán, Carlos Varea, Cristina Bernis, Barry Bogin, Antonio González-González
OBJECTIVE: Birthweight by gestational age charts enable fetal growth to be evaluated in a specific population. Given that maternal profile and obstetric practice have undergone a remarkable change over the past few decades in Spain, this paper presents new Spanish reference percentile charts stratified by gender, parity and type of delivery. They have been prepared with data from the 2010-2014 period of the Spanish Birth Statistics Bulletin. METHODS: Reference charts have been prepared using the LMS method, corresponding to 1,428,769 single, live births born to Spanish mothers...
February 1, 2017: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28147377/case-report-acute-flair-of-ulcerative-colitis-during-pregnancy-is-still-a-major-problem
#5
Marijana Protic, Srdjan Markovic, Dino Tarabar
Although severe flare of ulcerative colitis (UC) is uncommon, it significantly increases the risk of preterm delivery, low birth weight and other adverse fetal outcomes. It is critical to optimize aggressive medical treatment with both mother and fetal health. Here, we present a case of a 30-year-old woman with a severe flare of UC at the 16th gestational week. The diagnosis of extensive UC was established 8 years ago. From the time she was diagnosed, she had 5 moderate flares successfully treated with oral and topical mesalamine...
2017: Digestive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141545/the-effect-of-fish-oil-supplementation-on-maternal-and-neonatal-outcomes-a-triple-blind-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Alireza Ostadrahimi, Sakineh Mohammad-Alizadeh, Mojgan Mirghafourvand, Shadi Farshbaf-Khalili, Nayyer Jafarilar-Agdam, Azizeh Farshbaf-Khalili
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of fish oil supplementation on pregnancy outcomes in mother and newborn. METHODS: This randomized, triple-blind, placebo-controlled trial was conducted on 150 pregnant women aged 18-35 years from Feburary 2014 to April 2015 in Tabriz, Iran. Participants were assigned to receive either 1000 mg fish oil supplements containing 180 mg eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and 120 mg docosahexanoic acid or placebo from week 20 of gestation to birth...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135233/use-of-colistin-in-a-neonatal-intensive-care-unit-a-cohort-study-of-65-patients
#7
Eren Çağan, Evrim Kıray Baş, Hüseyin Selim Asker
BACKGROUND The emergence of infections related to multidrug-resistant Gram-negative bacilli (MDR-GNB) reintroduced the use of colistin, an antibiotic that was previously abandoned due to adverse effects. However, because of its limited use in neonatal intensive care units, there is very little data about the effectiveness and safety of colistin in children and newborns. In this study, which will be the largest case study in the literature, we aimed to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of colistin in full-term and preterm newborns...
January 30, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110270/assessment-of-neonatal-pain-during-heel-prick-lancet-vs-needle-a-randomized-controlled-study
#8
Carl Britto, Suman P N Rao
BACKGROUND: Heel prick is a frequent painful procedure in newborns. A lancet or a 26-gauge needle is used for a heel prick in India. OBJECTIVE: To compare the pain caused by heel prick with a lancet or a 26-gauge needle in newborns admitted in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) using the preterm infant pain profile (PIPP). METHODS: This randomized controlled trial was conducted over 2 months in a Level III NICU with a sample size of 40 subjects (20 in each group), which was required for the study to have a power of 80% with an alpha error of 0...
January 21, 2017: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109314/sickle-cell-disease-and-pregnancy-outcomes-a-study-of-the-community-based-hospital-in-a-tribal-block-of-gujarat-india
#9
Gayatri Desai, Ankit Anand, Pankaj Shah, Shobha Shah, Kapilkumar Dave, Hardik Bhatt, Shrey Desai, Dhiren Modi
BACKGROUND: Sickle cell disease (SCD) is a hereditary blood disorder prevalent in tribal regions of India. SCD can increase complications during pregnancy and in turn negatively influence pregnancy outcomes. This study reports the analysis of tribal maternal admissions in the community-based hospital of SEWA Rural (Kasturba Maternity Hospital) in Jhagadia block, Gujarat. The objective of the study is to compare the pregnancy outcomes among SCD, sickle cell trait and non-SCD admissions...
January 21, 2017: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108470/associations-of-maternal-vitamin-b12-concentration-in-pregnancy-with-the-risks-of-preterm-birth-and-low-birth-weight-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-individual-participant-data
#10
Tormod Rogne, Myrte J Tielemans, Mary Foong-Fong Chong, Chittaranjan S Yajnik, Ghattu V Krishnaveni, Lucilla Poston, Vincent W V Jaddoe, Eric A P Steegers, Suyog Joshi, Yap-Seng Chong, Keith M Godfrey, Fabian Yap, Raquel Yahyaoui, Tinku Thomas, Gry Hay, Marije Hogeveen, Ahmet Demir, Ponnusamy Saravanan, Eva Skovlund, Marit P Martinussen, Geir W Jacobsen, Oscar H Franco, Michael B Bracken, Kari R Risnes
Vitamin B12 (hereafter referred to as B12) deficiency in pregnancy is prevalent and has been associated with both lower birth weight (birth weight <2,500 g) and preterm birth (length of gestation <37 weeks). Nevertheless, current evidence is contradictory. We performed a systematic review and a meta-analysis of individual participant data to evaluate the associations of maternal serum or plasma B12 concentrations in pregnancy with offspring birth weight and length of gestation. Twenty-two eligible studies were identified (11,993 observations)...
January 20, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103309/folate-transporters-in-placentas-from-preterm-newborns-and-their-relation-to-cord-blood-folate-and-vitamin-b12-levels
#11
Erika Castaño, Lorena Caviedes, Sandra Hirsch, Miguel Llanos, Germán Iñiguez, Ana María Ronco
Folate deficiency during pregnancy has been related to low birth weight, preterm (PT) birth and other health risks in the offspring; however, it is unknown whether prematurity is related to low folate transport through the placenta due to altered expression of specific folate transporters. We determined placental expression (mRNA and protein concentrations by RT-qPCR and WB respectively) of specific folate transporters: RFC, PCFT/HCP1 and FOLR1 in chorionic (fetal) and basal (maternal) plates of placentas of PT pregnancies (PT, 32-36 weeks, n = 51)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093641/dwell-times-and-risk-of-non-elective-removal-of-1-french-peripherally-inserted-central-catheters-according-to-catheter-tip-position-in-very-preterm-infants
#12
Daniela M Erhard, Sarah Nguyen, Katelyn J Guy, Dan M Casalaz, Kai König
: We investigated dwell times and risk of non-elective removal of 975 single-lumen 1-French peripherally inserted central catheters (1FR-PICC) according to tip position in a cohort of very preterm infants with a mean (SD) gestational age of 27(+6) (2(+1)) weeks and a mean (SD) birth weight of 988 (294) g over an eight-year period. Infants with a 1FR-PICC inserted for continuous infusion of intravenous fluids within the first 30 days of life were eligible. Dwell times of PICC with elective versus non-elective removal, risk of non-elective removal of PICC according to tip position, and differences between upper versus lower limb catheter insertion were analysed...
January 16, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081048/a-prospective-cohort-study-of-common-childhood-infections-in-south-african-hiv-exposed-uninfected-and-hiv-unexposed-infants
#13
Amy L Slogrove, Monika M Esser, Mark F Cotton, David P Speert, Tobias R Kollmann, Joel Singer, Julie A Bettinger
BACKGROUND: Much evidence of HIV-exposed uninfected (HEU) infant infectious morbidity predates availability of maternal combination antiretroviral therapy and does not control for universal risk factors (preterm birth, low birth weight, suboptimal breastfeeding and poverty). METHODS: This prospective cohort study identified HIV-infected and HIV-uninfected mothers and their newborns from South African community midwife unit. The primary outcome, infectious cause hospitalization or death before 6 months of age, was compared between HEU and HIV-unexposed (HU) infants and classified for type and severity using validated study-specific case definitions...
February 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063691/clinical-risk-factors-for-punctate-white-matter-lesions-on-early-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-preterm-newborns
#14
Nienke Wagenaar, Vann Chau, Floris Groenendaal, Karina J Kersbergen, Kenneth J Poskitt, Ruth E Grunau, Anne Synnes, Emma G Duerden, Linda S de Vries, Steven P Miller, ManonJ N L Benders
OBJECTIVE: To identify clinical risk factors for punctate white matter lesions (PWML) on early magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in 2 cohorts of newborns born extremely preterm in different neonatal centers. STUDY DESIGN: A total of 250 newborns born preterm at less than 28 weeks of gestation (mean 26.4 ± 1.1 weeks) with an early MRI were identified from 2 neonatal centers, in Vancouver, Canada (cohort A, n = 100) and Utrecht, the Netherlands (cohort B, n = 150)...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062958/a-study-of-oxidative-stress-in-neonates-delivered-through-meconium-stained-amniotic-fluid
#15
Tapas Bandyopadhyay, B D Bhatia, H D Khanna
: To estimate the levels of malondialdehyde (MDA) and 8-hydroxy-2-deoxyguanosine (8-OH-dG) in cord blood plasma of newborns born through meconium-stained amniotic fluid (MSAF) and also to find out the correlation between their levels with birth weight and gestation, we measured the cord blood plasma levels of MDA and 8-OH-dG in 59 newborns born through MSAF and 50 newborns born through clear liquor. The levels of cord blood plasma MDA and 8-OH-dG were significantly higher in full-term and late-preterm newborns born through MSAF...
January 6, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056166/nitric-oxide-for-respiratory-failure-in-infants-born-at-or-near-term
#16
REVIEW
Keith J Barrington, Neil Finer, Thomas Pennaforte, Gabriel Altit
BACKGROUND: Nitric oxide (NO) is a major endogenous regulator of vascular tone. Inhaled nitric oxide (iNO) gas has been investigated as treatment for persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether treatment of hypoxaemic term and near-term newborn infants with iNO improves oxygenation and reduces rate of death and use of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO), or affects long-term neurodevelopmental outcomes. SEARCH METHODS: We used the standard search strategy of the Cochrane Neonatal Review Group to search the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL; 2016, Issue 1), MEDLINE via PubMed (1966 to January 2016), Embase (1980 to January 2016) and the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL; 1982 to January 2016)...
January 5, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045436/retinol-and-%C3%AE-tocopherol-in-the-breast-milk-of-women-after-a-high-risk-pregnancy
#17
Reyna Sámano, Hugo Martínez-Rojano, Rosa M Hernández, Cristina Ramírez, María E Flores Quijano, José M Espíndola-Polis, Daniela Veruete
BACKGROUND: There is scant information about whether, after a high-risk pregnancy, breast milk provides enough vitamins for assuring satisfactory bodily reserves in newborns. OBJECTIVE: To comparatively evaluate, in women with high-risk and normal pregnancy, the concentration of retinol and α-tocopherol in breast milk. METHODS: This cross-sectional, analytical study was evaluated with reverse-phase high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC)...
January 1, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043827/objectively-measured-physical-activity-in-children-is-influenced-by-social-indicators-rather-than-biological-lifecourse-factors-evidence-from-a-brazilian-cohort
#18
Alan G Knuth, Inácio Crochemore M Silva, Vincent T van Hees, Kelly Cordeira, Alícia Matijasevich, Aluísio J D Barros, Iná Santos, Ulf Ekelund, Pedro Curi Hallal
The aim of this study was to examine the longitudinal influences of early life social and biological indicators on objectively measured physical activity. All newborns in 2004 in the city of Pelotas, Southern Brazil were enrolled in a birth cohort study. At the age of 6years, a follow-up visit included objective assessment of overall physical activity (summarized in milli-g, 1mg=0.001g) by tri-axial wrist worn accelerometry. The associations between early life exposures, such as type of delivery, parity, birth weight, preterm delivery, maternal physical activity, socioeconomic position, and overall physical activity were examined...
December 31, 2016: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012458/impact-of-early-and-late-onset-preeclampsia-on-features-of-placental-and-newborn-vascular-health
#19
Emilie M Herzog, Alex J Eggink, Anniek Reijnierse, Martina A M Kerkhof, Ronald R de Krijger, Anton J M Roks, Irwin K M Reiss, Alex L Nigg, Paul H C Eilers, Eric A P Steegers, Régine P M Steegers-Theunissen
INTRODUCTION: Offspring exposed to preeclampsia (PE) show an increased risk of cardiovascular disease in adulthood. We hypothesize that this is mediated by a disturbed vascular development of the placenta, umbilical cord and fetus. Therefore, we investigated associations between early-onset PE (EOPE), late-onset PE (LOPE) and features of placental and newborn vascular health. METHODS: We performed a nested case-control study in The Rotterdam Periconceptional Cohort, including 30 PE pregnancies (15 EOPE, 15 LOPE) and 218 control pregnancies (164 uncomplicated controls, 54 complicated controls including 28 fetal growth restriction, 26 preterm birth) and assessed macroscopic and histomorphometric outcomes of the placenta and umbilical cord...
January 2017: Placenta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011794/can-ambu-self-inflating-bag-and-neopuff-infant-resuscitator-provide-adequate-and-safe-manual-inflations-for-infants-up-to-10%C3%A2-kg-weight
#20
Mark Tracy, Rajesh Maheshwari, Dharmesh Shah, Murray Hinder
BACKGROUND: Manual resuscitation devices for infants and newborns must be able to provide adequate ventilation in a safe and consistent manner across a wide range of patient sizes (0.5-10 kg) and differing clinical states. There are little comparative data assessing biomechanical performance of common infant manual resuscitation devices across the manufacturers' recommended operating weight ranges. We aimed to compare performance of the Ambu self-inflating bag (SIB) with the Neopuff T-piece resuscitator in three resuscitation models...
December 23, 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
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