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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221079/cue-induced-food-seeking-after-punishment-is-associated-with-increased-fos-expression-in-the-lateral-hypothalamus-and-basolateral-and-medial-amygdala
#1
Erin J Campbell, David J Barker, Helen M Nasser, Konstantin Kaganovsky, Christopher V Dayas, Nathan J Marchant
In humans, relapse to unhealthy eating habits following dieting is a significant impediment to obesity treatment. Food-associated cues are one of the main triggers of relapse to unhealthy eating during self-imposed abstinence. Here we report a behavioral method examining cue-induced relapse to food seeking following punishment-induced suppression of food taking. We trained male rats to lever press for food pellets that were delivered after a 10-s conditional stimulus (CS) (appetitive). Following training, 25% of reinforced lever presses resulted in the presentation of a compound stimulus consisting of a novel CS (aversive) and the appetitive CS followed by a pellet and footshock...
February 20, 2017: Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213631/destroying-god-s-temple-physical-inactivity-poor-diet-obesity-and-other-sin-behaviors
#2
Mark D Faries, Megan McClendon, Eric J Jones
On average, our participants (N = 112), who self-proclaimed to be Christians, believed that physically inactive lifestyles, unhealthy eating, overeating, and being obese destroy the body, God's temple. However, these beliefs were less definitive, than those of other common "sin" behaviors, such as drug use, smoking, and excessive drinking of alcohol. In addition, destroying the body with physical inactivity or poor diet was not necessarily viewed as sinful. Subsequently, these beliefs did not relate to self-reported physical activity, dietary behavior, or body mass index...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211551/eating-habits-and-the-risk-of-cardiovascular-disease-in-patients-with-recurrent-depressive-disorders
#3
Ewa Stefańska, Agnieszka Wendołowicz, Urszula Cwalina, Beata Konarzewska, Napoleon Waszkiewicz, Lucyna Ostrowska
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the research was to assess the fatty acid content and atherogenicity of daily food rations in patients with recurrent depressive disorders in the aspect of risk of developing cardiovascular disease. METHODS: The study included 126 persons (62 persons with diagnosed recurrent depressive disorders and 64 healthy volunteers). A 24-hour recall was used in the quantitative assessment of the diet. Anthropometric and chemical measurements as well as body composition analysis were used to assess the nutritional status...
December 23, 2016: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211230/associations-between-children-s-diet-quality-and-watching-television-during-meal-or-snack-consumption-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Amanda Avery, Catherine Anderson, Fiona McCullough
Studies have identified an association between watching television (TV) and childhood obesity. This review adds context to existing research by examining the associations between TV viewing, whilst eating, and children's diet quality. Web of Science and PubMed databases were searched from January 2000 to June 2014. Cross-sectional trials of case control or cohort studies, which included baseline data, measuring the associations between eating whilst watching TV and children's food and drink intake. Quality of selected papers was assessed...
February 17, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208814/adequacy-of-usual-vitamin-and-mineral-intake-in-spanish-children-and-adolescents-enalia-study
#5
Ana M López-Sobaler, Aránzazu Aparicio, Liliana G González-Rodríguez, Esther Cuadrado-Soto, Josefa Rubio, Victoria Marcos, Rosa Sanchidrián, Sara Santos, Napoleón Pérez-Farinós, Marian Ángeles Dal Re, Carmen Villar, Teresa Robledo, J Javier Castrodeza, Rosa M Ortega
Background: The National Dietary Survey on the Child and Adolescent Population in Spain (ENALIA) provides data to assess the usual micronutrient intake among Spanish infants, children, and adolescents. Methods: Cross-sectional survey (November 2012-July 2014) of a representative sample of Spanish children and adolescents (six months-17 years) (n = 1862). Dietary information was collected using two non-consecutive one-day food diaries (six months-10 years old) or two 24 h dietary recalls (11 years and older) separated by at least 14 days...
February 13, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190656/living-status-and-frequency-of-eating-out-of-home-foods-in-relation-to-nutritional-adequacy-in-4-017-japanese-female-dietetic-students-aged-18-20-years-a-multicenter-cross-sectional-study
#6
Satomi Kobayashi, Keiko Asakura, Hitomi Suga, Satoshi Sasaki
BACKGROUND: Living status (e.g., living with family or alone) may affect dietary habits. We compared nutritional adequacy according to living status and the frequency of eating out-of-home foods in young Japanese women. METHODS: Female dietetic students (aged 18-20 years; n = 4,017) participated in a cross-sectional multicenter study, which was conducted in 85 dietetic schools in 35 of 47 prefectures in Japan. Habitual dietary intake was assessed with a validated diet history questionnaire...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188767/social-network-analysis-of-food-sharing-among-households-in-opisthorchiasis-endemic-villages-of-lawa-lake-thailand
#7
Waraphon Phimpraphai, Sirikachorn Tangkawattana, Piya Sereerak, Suwicha Kasemsuwan, Banchob Sripa
Consumption of raw fish is a well-documented risk factor for Opisthorchis viverrini infection. Sharing of food, especially raw fish recipes may influence the spread of disease through a community. Using social network analysis of an ego network, we investigated food sharing among households in an Opisthorchis-endemic area. Network centrality properties were used to explain the differences in O. viverrini transmission and control between villages with a low and high prevalence of infection. Information on demography and O...
February 8, 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183454/frailty-and-nutrition-from-epidemiological-and-clinical-evidence-to-potential-mechanisms
#8
REVIEW
Mary Yannakoulia, Eva Ntanasi, Costas A Anastasiou, Nikolaos Scarmeas
Frailty is a geriatric condition characterized by unintentional weight loss, low muscle strength, feeling of exhaustion, reduced physical activity capacity and slow walking speed. Theoretically, nutrition is a factor closely related to the frailty syndrome: all frailty criteria are more or less affected by poor eating habits, whereas frailty itself may have a negative effect on eating and, thus, on the nutritional status. Indeed, research data suggest an association between frailty and specific constituents of diet, namely protein and energy intake, as well as intakes of specific micronutrients...
March 2017: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173782/healthesteps%C3%A2-study-protocol-a-pragmatic-randomized-controlled-trial-promoting-active-living-and-healthy-lifestyles-in-at-risk-canadian-adults-delivered-in-primary-care-and-community-based-clinics
#9
Dawn P Gill, Wendy Blunt, Cassandra Bartol, Roseanne W Pulford, Ashleigh De Cruz, P Karen Simmavong, Adam Gavarkovs, Ian Newhouse, Erin Pearson, Bayley Ostenfeldt, Barbi Law, Kristina Karvinen, Pertice Moffit, Gareth Jones, Cori Watson, Guangyong Zou, Robert J Petrella
BACKGROUND: Physical inactivity is one of the leading causes of chronic disease in Canadian adults. With less than 50% of Canadian adults reaching the recommended amount of daily physical activity, there is an urgent need for effective programs targeting this risk factor. HealtheSteps™ is a healthy lifestyle prescription program, developed from an extensive research base to address risk factors for chronic disease such as physical inactivity, sedentary behaviour and poor eating habits...
February 7, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169212/associations-between-partnering-and-parenting-transitions-and-dietary-habits-in-young-adults
#10
Kylie J Smith, Sarah A McNaughton, Seana L Gall, Petr Otahal, Terence Dwyer, Alison J Venn
BACKGROUND: Partnering and parenting are important life-stage transitions that often occur during young adulthood. Little is known about how these transitions affect two dietary behaviors linked to increased cardiometabolic disease risk: skipping breakfast and takeaway-food consumption. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to examine whether partnering and parenting transitions during a 5-year period were associated with change in diet quality, skipping breakfast, and takeaway-food consumption...
February 3, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166129/effect-of-a-5-month-worksite-physical-activity-program-on-tertiary-employees-overall-health-and-fitness
#11
Pauline Manon Genin, Fabrice Degoutte, Julien Finaud, Bruno Pereira, David Thivel, Martine Duclos
OBJECTIVE: This pilot study questions the effects of a worksite physical activity program on health and fitness in tertiary employees. METHODS: Ninety-five employees were randomly assigned to Control (CON); Novice (NOV); Experienced group (EXP). The NOV and EXP groups followed a 5-month worksite physical activity program (at least two sessions/week). Body composition, physical activity level and physical fitness, eating habits, health perception, sleep quality, pain, and quality of life were assessed...
February 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160091/mediation-of-psychosocial-determinants-in-the-relation-between-socio-economic-status-and-adolescents-diet-quality
#12
Nathalie Michels, Lisa Vynckier, Luis A Moreno, Laurent Beghin, Alex de la O, Maria Forsner, Marcela Gonzalez-Gross, Inge Huybrechts, Isabel Iguacel, Antonio Kafatos, Mathilde Kersting, Catherine Leclercq, Yannis Manios, Ascension Marcos, Denes Molnar, Michael Sjöström, Kurt Widhalm, Stefaan De Henauw
PURPOSE: To examine the underlying reasons for the positive relation between socio-economic status (SES) and the diet quality of adolescents. METHODS: In 2081 adolescents (12.5-17.5 years) of the European HELENA study, a continuous variable on diet quality via 2-day 24-h recalls was available. SES was reflected by parental education, parental occupation and family affluence. Mediation by several psychosocial determinants was tested: self-efficacy, availability at school and home, social support, barriers, benefits, awareness and some self-reported influencers (parents, school, taste, health, friends, food readily available, easy preparation, hunger, price and habits)...
February 3, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155749/-aims-to-set-up-physical-activity-promotion-workshops-in-health-centres-to-help-people-with-a-sedentary-lifestyle-achieve-an-adequate-level-of-physical-activity-methods-this-health-programme-called-8216-bougeons-notre-sant-233-8217-let-8217-s-move-our-health
#13
Catherine Bouté, Elisabeth Cailliez, Alain D Hour, Didier Goxe, Gaëlle Gusto, Nane Copin, Olivier Lantieri
This health promotion programme is feasible and effective: an increase in the physical activity of participants was observed, together with a favourable impact on perceived health, well-being and social links. These workshops are integrated into a network of associations and institutional partners and could be implemented by similar social or health organisations.</ce:para>.
October 19, 2016: Santé Publique: Revue Multidisciplinaire Pour la Recherche et L'action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144089/effect-of-areca-nut-chewing-and-maximal-mouth-opening-in-schoolgoing-children-in-ahmedabad
#14
Azizfatema Munawer Khan, Megha S Sheth, Romsha R Purohit
CONTEXT: Areca nut is chewed by itself and in various scented preparations. Areca nut chewing is widely practiced in many parts of Asia, including India. Users often consider it harmless and report a sense of well-being, but evidence has shown that it is far from harmless and can have multiple oral health implications such as oral submucosal fibrosis posing difficulty in opening mouth and carcinogenesis. Studies in India have reported increasing prevalence of this habit among schoolgoing children...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Medical and Paediatric Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141724/inattentive-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-stimulant-medication-and-weight-loss-in-a-15-year-old-girl-are-we-enabling-the-development-of-an-eating-disorder
#15
Sai Iyer, Maya Kumar, Michael I Reiff, Martin T Stein
Nicole is a 15-year-old girl presenting to the Developmental Behavioral Pediatrics Clinic with symptoms of the inattentive type of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and declining school performance over the last year. She expressed frustration over her inability to concentrate on schoolwork. Assuming that her poor grades were secondary to lack of effort, her parents withdrew privileges. Nicole became increasingly depressed. She stopped participating in activities, she previously enjoyed, and her parents reported that she stopped singing in the shower...
February 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139173/automatic-diet-monitoring-a-review-of-computer-vision-and-wearable-sensor-based-methods
#16
Hamid Hassannejad, Guido Matrella, Paolo Ciampolini, Ilaria De Munari, Monica Mordonini, Stefano Cagnoni
Food intake and eating habits have a significant impact on people's health. Widespread diseases, such as diabetes and obesity, are directly related to eating habits. Therefore, monitoring diet can be a substantial base for developing methods and services to promote healthy lifestyle and improve personal and national health economy. Studies have demonstrated that manual reporting of food intake is inaccurate and often impractical. Thus, several methods have been proposed to automate the process. This article reviews the most relevant and recent researches on automatic diet monitoring, discussing their strengths and weaknesses...
January 31, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135197/independent-and-combined-relationship-of-habitual-unhealthy-eating-behaviors-with-depressive-symptoms-a-prospective-study
#17
Cong Huang, Haruki Momma, Yufei Cui, Masahiko Chujo, Atsushi Otomo, Shota Sugiyama, Zhongyu Ren, Kaijun Niu, Ryoichi Nagatomi
BACKGROUND: Unhealthy eating has been found to be associated with the prevalence of depressive symptoms. However, prospective evidence of the combined effects of unhealthy eating and depressive symptoms has not been reported. This study aimed to elucidate the prospective relationship between habitual unhealthy eating habits and depressive symptoms. METHODS: A 2-year prospective cohort study of 376 Japanese adults aged 24-83 years without depressive symptoms at baseline was conducted...
January 2017: Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133692/the-association-between-body-mass-index-and-academic-performance
#18
Khaled A Alswat, Abdullah D Al-Shehri, Tariq A Aljuaid, Bassam A Alzaidi, Hassan D Alasmari
To examine the relation between body mass index (BMI) and the academic performance of students from Taif city, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) using the grade point average (GPA). Method: A cross-sectional study that includes students from intermediate and high schools located in Taif city, KSA between April 2014 and June 2015. Height and weight were measured and BMI calculated. Related risk factors including dietary habits, activity, parent's education, sleeping pattern, and smoking were recorded.  Result: A total of 14 schools included 424 students...
February 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132969/health-related-behaviors-associated-with-subjective-sleep-insufficiency-in-japanese-workers-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
Makoto Kageyama, Keiichi Odagiri, Isagi Mizuta, Makoto Yamamoto, Keiko Yamaga, Takako Hirano, Kazue Onoue, Akihiko Uehara
ObjectivesSleep disturbances are related to somatic and mental disorders, industrial accidents, absenteeism, and retirement because of disability. We aimed to identify health-related behaviors associated with subjective sleep insufficiency in Japanese workers.MethodsThis cross-sectional study included 5,297 employees (mean age: 43.6 ± 11.3 years; 4,039 men). Multiple logistic regression analysis was used to identify health-related behaviors associated with subjective sleep insufficiency.ResultsOverall, 28...
January 28, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125908/the-family-home-environment-food-insecurity-and-body-mass-index-in-rural-children
#20
Jennifer A Jackson, Ellen Smit, Adam Branscum, Katherine Gunter, Marie Harvey, Melinda M Manore, Deborah John
BACKGROUND: Family homes are a key setting for developing lifelong eating and physical activity habits, yet little is known about how family home nutrition and physical activity (FNPA) environments influence food insecurity (FI) and childhood obesity, particularly in rural settings. AIMS: This study examined associations among FNPA, FI, and body mass index (BMI) in rural children. METHOD: Parents of 186 elementary school-age children completed FNPA and FI surveys...
January 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
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