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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749441/stages-of-behavioral-change-for-reducing-sodium-intake-in-korean-consumers-comparison-of-characteristics-based-on-social-cognitive-theory
#1
So-Hyun Ahn, Jong Sook Kwon, Kyungmin Kim, Hye-Kyeong Kim
High sodium intake increases the risk of cardiovascular disease. Given the importance of behavioral changes to reducing sodium intake, this study aims to investigate the stages of change and the differences in cognitive and behavioral characteristics by stage in Korean consumers. Adult participants (N = 3892) completed a questionnaire on the stages of behavioral change, recognition of social efforts, outcome expectancy, barriers to practice, nutrition knowledge and dietary behaviors, and self-efficiency related to reduced sodium intake...
July 27, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748738/barriers-and-facilitators-to-healthy-eating-and-disease-self-management-among-older-adults-residing-in-subsidized-housing
#2
Katherine Petroka, Rania Campbell-Bussiere, Dan K Dychtwald, Brandy-Joe Milliron
BACKGROUND: As adults transition into older ages, meeting age-specific dietary recommendations can become increasingly challenging, especially for low-income seniors who reside in publicly subsidized rental housing. AIM: The primary objectives of this study were to: 1) identify barriers and facilitators to healthy eating and self-management of nutrition-related chronic illnesses experienced by low-income seniors residing in a subsidized housing setting; and 2) assess the interest in community nutrition programming among low-income seniors residing in a subsidized housing setting...
January 1, 2017: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747228/iodine-nutritional-status-of-women-in-their-first-trimester-of-pregnancy-in-catalonia
#3
Maria Teresa Torres, Lidia Francés, Lluis Vila, Josep María Manresa, Gemma Falguera, Gemma Prieto, Roser Casamitjana, Pere Toran
BACKGROUND: Sufficient iodine intake is needed during pregnancy to ensure proper fetal development. The iodine levels of women in their first trimester of pregnancy in Catalonia are currently unknown. This data would help to determine whether our public health services should establish recommendations or interventions in this line. The aim of this study was to investigate the iodine nutritional status, prevalence of urinary iodine <150 μg/L, and tobacco use in the first trimester of pregnancy in our setting...
July 26, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746738/an-exploratory-trial-of-a-health-education-programme-to-promote-healthy-lifestyles-through-the-social-and-emotional-competence-in-young-children-study-protocol
#4
Elena Bermejo-Martins, Olga López-Dicastillo, Agurtzane Mujika
AIM: To implement and evaluate a health education programme based on the development of social and emotional competence in young children. BACKGROUND: Children's social and emotional skills play a key role in the adoption and maintenance of their lifestyles. Currently, a more comprehensive perspective dealing with these aspects is needed to promote healthy habits in children and develop effective health education programmes. DESIGN: An exploratory randomized controlled trial...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743473/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-hardware-disease
#5
REVIEW
Matt D Miesner, Emily J Reppert
Eating habits in cattle are less discriminant than other ruminants, and they more often accidentally ingest strange objects while feeding. Penetrating foreign bodies may cause mild to severe peritonitis, penetrate the diaphragm to cause pleuritis or pericarditis, or cause localized abscesses in the thorax or abdomen. Because these objects are most often metal, a common term for this problem is hardware disease. An accurate history and thorough physical examination often yields a diagnosis; however, ancillary diagnostics can enhance accuracy and disease magnitude before exploratory surgery...
July 22, 2017: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Food Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739295/dispositional-mindfulness-and-reward-motivated-eating-the-role-of-emotion-regulation-and-mental-habit
#6
Naomi R Fisher, Bethan R Mead, Paul Lattimore, Peter Malinowski
Evidence regarding the effectiveness of mindfulness based interventions (MBIs) for eating disorders, weight management and food craving is emerging and further studies are required to understand the underlying mechanisms of MBIs in these domains. The current study was designed to establish the role of specific mechanisms underlying the putative relationship between mindfulness and reward motivated eating. We predicted that mindfulness would be negatively related to features of reward motivated eating and that this association would be mediated by emotion regulation and habitual negative self-thinking...
July 21, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738908/barriers-to-and-facilitators-of-ultra-processed-food-consumption-perceptions-of-brazilian-adults
#7
Luara Bellinghausen Almeida, Fernanda Baeza Scagliusi, Ana Clara Duran, Patricia Constante Jaime
OBJECTIVE: To explore how individuals perceive the availability of ultra-processed foods in their neighbourhoods and the barriers to and facilitators of consumption of such foods. DESIGN: A qualitative design was chosen. In-depth, face-to-face semi-structured interviews were conducted and a content analysis was performed. SETTING: São Paulo, Brazil. SUBJECTS: A purposeful sample of adults (n 48), stratified by sex and age group (20-39 years and 40-59 years)...
July 25, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737363/-dietary-habits-among-type-2-diabetic-patients-attending-the-abidjan-diabetes-centre
#8
Sassor Odile Purifine Ake-Tano, Franck Kokora Ekou, Yao Eugène Konan, Ekissi Orsot Tetchi, Denise Olga Kpebo, Stéphane Parfait Sable, Félix Aka, Ncho Simplice Dagnan
Objectives: The prevalence of diabetes is rapidly increasing in sub-Saharan Africa. Healthy lifestyle and dietary conditions play a key role in the control of blood sugar imbalance and cardiovascular complications of diabetes. This study was designed to describe the profile and dietary habits of type 2 diabetic patients attending the Abidjan Diabetes Centre (CADA), and to identify related factors. Methods: This cross-sectional, descriptive and analytic study was conducted in 2014 at the CADA. A total of 384 patients were included...
July 10, 2017: Santé Publique: Revue Multidisciplinaire Pour la Recherche et L'action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735648/knowledge-about-dietary-fibre-and-its-health-benefits-a-cross-sectional-survey-of-2536-residents-from-across-croatia
#9
Marija Ljubicic, Marijana Matek Saric, Ivana Rumbak, Irena Colic Baric, Drazenka Komes, Zvonimir Satalic, Raquel P F Guiné
This cross-sectional study is aimed at identifying the level of understanding of the health benefits of dietary fibre in the prevention of disease, as well as the association between that understanding and fibre consumption in the Croatian population. We believe that nutritional knowledge is important for the consumption of healthy food which includes also a positive reflection on food habits and health. Only well-informed consumers can shop effectively for food rich in dietary fibre and thereby derive the health benefits that fibre can offer...
August 2017: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731611/energy-drink-consumption-is-associated-with-reduced-sleep-quality-among-college-students-a-cross-sectional-study
#10
Mo'ez Al-Islam E Faris, Haitham Jahrami, Marwa M Al-Hilali, Noor J Chehyber, Sara O Ali, Sara D Shahda, Reyad S Obaid
AIM: Intake of caffeinated energy drinks has significantly increased, specifically among young adults and adolescents. College students are prone to developing unhealthy eating habits and dependence on stimulants, which puts them at a greater risk of sleep problems. This study aims to investigate the prevalence of caffeinated energy drink consumption and its association with sleep quality in college students. METHODS: A sample of 919 randomly selected adults (237 males and 682 females) from various colleges at the University of Sharjah/United Arab Emirates participated in this cross-sectional study...
July 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731558/food-provision-in-early-childhood-education-and-care-services-exploring-how-staff-determine-nutritional-adequacy
#11
Amanda Cole, Helen Vidgen, Phoebe Cleland
AIM: The aim of this study was to explore the methods, processes and strategies used by early childhood education and care (ECEC) services when determining the nutritional adequacy of food provided to children in their care. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews (n = 22) were conducted with directors, educators and cooks at long day care services (LDCS) (n = 12) regarding nutritional adequacy, the use of tools, guidelines and checklists, menu planning and identification and management of unhealthy foods...
February 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730970/healthy-diet-and-reduction-of-chronic-disease-risks-of-night-shift-workers
#12
Giovanni M Ferri, Domenica Cavone, Graziana Intranuovo, Linda Macinagrossa
BACKGROUND: The large increase in epidemiological studies on night shift work is due to the important effects of night shift work on workers' health and psychophysical wellbeing. The short-term effects-insomnia, difficulties in managing work and private life, lower work performance, and more work and extra-work accidents-are easily studied. However, there are several long-term effects that are difficult to study because of the need for detailed exposure assessment and the long latency periods of these diseases...
July 20, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729201/assessing-parents-receptiveness-to-a-vegetable-focussed-in-school-nutrition-intervention
#13
Michelle I Jongenelis, Simone Pettigrew, Iain S Pratt, Shannon Wright, Gael Myers
OBJECTIVE: Crunch&Sip is an Australian school-based initiative designed to increase the consumption of fruit, vegetables, and water among primary school children. To address the significant deficiencies in children's vegetable intake, the present study aimed to examine the responsiveness of parents (the main providers of food for Crunch&Sip) to a modified version of the program that focuses primarily on vegetable consumption. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 329 Western Australian parents completed an online questionnaire examining their support for a vegetable focus for Crunch&Sip and any perceived barriers, motivators, and facilitators...
July 17, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729172/ascorbic-acid-supplementation-partially-prevents-the-delayed-reproductive-development-in-juvenile-male-rats-exposed-to-rosuvastatin-since-prepuberty
#14
Gabriel Adan Araújo Leite, Thamiris Moreira Figueiredo, Marciana Sanabria, Ana Flávia Mota Gonçalves Dias, Patrícia Villela E Silva, Airton da Cunha Martins Junior, Fernando Barbosa Junior, Wilma De Grava Kempinas
Dyslipidemias are occurring earlier in the population due to the increase of obesity and bad eating habits. Rosuvastatin inhibits the enzyme HMG-CoA reductase, decreasing total cholesterol. Ascorbic acid is an important antioxidant compound for male reproductive system. This study aimed to evaluate whether ascorbic acid supplementation may prevent the reproductive damage provoked by rosuvastatin administration at prepuberty. Male pups were distributed into six experimental groups that received saline solution 0...
July 18, 2017: Reproductive Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726233/-cannabidiol-its-use-in-refractory-epilepsies
#15
G Pesantez-Rios, L Armijos-Acurio, R Jimbo-Sotomayor, S I Pascual-Pascual, G Pesantez-Cuesta
INTRODUCTION: Some epileptic syndromes are characterised by seizures that are difficult to control and are associated to delayed neuropsychomotor development, which results in a deterioration in the patient's quality of life as well as in that of his or her family. AIM: To evaluate the use of cannabidiol as adjuvant therapy in patients with refractory epilepsies. PATIENTS AND METHODS: An observational study was conducted by means of a survey addressed to the patient's caregiver...
August 16, 2017: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723611/parent-reported-nutritional-risk-and-laboratory-indices-of-cardiometabolic-risk-and-in-preschool-aged-children
#16
Navindra Persaud, Hedyeh Ziai, Gerald Lebovic, Jonathon L Maguire, Marina Khovratovich, Janis A Randall Simpson, Khosrow Adeli, Jill Hamilton, Brian W McCrindle, Patricia C Parkin, Catherine S Birken
BACKGROUND: Eating habits formed during childhood may contribute to the increasing prevalence of cardiometabolic disorders. Assessing nutritional risk in young children may help to prevent later cardiometabolic disease. The objective of this study was to determine whether parent-reported nutritional risk in preschool-aged children was associated with laboratory indices of cardiometabolic risk, namely leptin and insulin. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, the relationship between nutritional risk as determined by the parent-completed NutriSTEP® questionnaire was assessed and compared to the serum leptin and insulin concentrations, hormones involved in regulation of food intake and biomarkers of adiposity and cardiometabolic risk...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718396/a-structured-literature-review-on-the-role-of-mindfulness-mindful-eating-and-intuitive-eating-in-changing-eating-behaviours-effectiveness-and-associated-potential-mechanisms
#17
Janet M Warren, Nicola Smith, Margaret Ashwell
The role of mindfulness, mindful eating and a newer concept of intuitive eating in modulating eating habits is an area of increasing interest. In this structured literature review, a summary of the current evidence is presented, together with details of interventions undertaken and the tools to measure outcomes. It is broad in scope given the emerging evidence base in this area. The review yielded sixty-eight publications: twenty-three interventions in obese/overweight populations; twenty-nine interventions in normal-weight populations; sixteen observational studies, three of which were carried out in overweight/obese populations...
July 18, 2017: Nutrition Research Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717972/characteristics-of-patients-in-an-eating-disorder-sample-who-dropped-out-2-year-follow-up
#18
Andrés Gómez Del Barrio, María Yolanda Vellisca Gonzalez, Jana González Gómez, José Ignacio Latorre Marín, Laura Carral-Fernández, Santos Orejudo Hernandez, Inés Madrazo Río-Hortega, Laura Moreno Malfaz
OBJECTIVE: This manuscript explores the characteristics of individuals diagnosed with an eating disorder who dropped out of treatment, compared with those who completed it. METHOD: The participants were 196 patients diagnosed with eating disorders (according to DSM-IV-TR criteria) who consecutively began treatment for the first time in an eating disorders unit. They were assessed at baseline with a set of questionnaires evaluating eating habits, temperament, and general psychopathology...
July 17, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710741/eating-disorders-in-musicians-a-survey-investigating-self-reported-eating-disorders-of-musicians
#19
Marianna Evangelia Kapsetaki, Charlie Easmon
PURPOSE: This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of eating disorders (EDs) in musicians, and to evaluate their relation to perfectionism, stress, anxiety and depression. METHODS: It examined: (1) the prevalence of EDs using the Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire (EDE-Q), body mass index (BMI) and self-reports, (2) psychological risk factors using the Depression Anxiety Stress Scale (DASS-21) and perfectionism inventory and (3) demographic details, information about musical and career development, lifestyle, eating habits and health...
July 14, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710052/rationale-and-design-of-feeding-america-s-bravest-mediterranean-diet-based-intervention-to-change-firefighters-eating-habits-and-improve-cardiovascular-risk-profiles
#20
Mercedes Sotos-Prieto, Sean B Cash, Costas Christophi, Sara Folta, Steven Moffatt, Carolyn Muegge, Maria Korre, Dariush Mozaffarian, Stefanos N Kales
Among US firefighters, cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of on-duty death. Poor diet contributes to this burden, but effective strategies to encourage healthy eating in the fire service are not established. "Feeding America's Bravest" motivates firefighters and their families to modify their food culture and reduce cardiometabolic risk profiles by adopting Mediterranean diet principles. Feeding America's Bravest is a cluster-randomized, controlled trial within the 44 stations of the Indianapolis Fire Department, including about 1000 firefighters...
July 11, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
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