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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347963/hungry-to-learn-the-prevalence-and-effects-of-food-insecurity-on-health-behaviors-and-outcomes-over-time-among-a-diverse-sample-of-university-freshmen
#1
Meg Bruening, Irene van Woerden, Michael Todd, Melissa N Laska
BACKGROUND: To examine longitudinal associations between food insecurity (FI) and health behaviors/outcomes among a diverse sample of university freshmen. METHODS: Freshman students (n = 1138; 65% female; 49% non-white) participating in the Social impact of Physical Activity and nutRition in College study completed surveys on health behaviors and had height/weight measured up to 4 times (T1-T4) in Arizona during 2015-2016. Structural equation models were estimated to determine if, after adjusting for covariates, FI predicted concurrent behaviors/outcomes and subsequent behaviors/outcomes...
January 18, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346855/do-adolescents-with-t1dm-differ-from-their-peers-in-health-eating-habits-and-social-support
#2
Daniela Husárová, Michaela Kostičová, Denisa Kočišová, Ingrid Schusterová, Andrea Madarasová Gecková
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333817/anthropometric-and-biochemical-assessment-of-nutritional-status-and-dietary-intake-in-school-children-aged-6-14-years-province-of-buenos-aires-argentina
#3
Lorena Lázaro Cuesta, Analía Rearte, Sergio Rodríguez, Melina Niglia, Horacio Scipioni, Diego Rodríguez, Rosalía Salinas, Claudia Sosa, Stella Rasse
INTRODUCTION: Childhood obesity is a global epidemic. School age and adolescence are critical stages for the implementation of eating and lifestyle habits. OBJECTIVE: To assess anthropometric and biochemical assessment of nutritional status and dietary intake in children, their relationship with socioeconomic factors and georeferencing. METHODS: Cross-sectional study in schoolchildren aged 6-14 years from the District of General Pueyrredon, during August-November 2013...
February 1, 2018: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333647/effect-of-sleep-duration-diet-and-physical-activity-on-obesity-and-overweight-elementary-school-students-in-shanghai
#4
Jing Zhang, YunTing Zhang, YanRui Jiang, WanQi Sun, Qi Zhu, Patrick Ip, DongLan Zhang, ShiJian Liu, Chang Chen, Jie Chen, Lei Zhang, Hao Zhang, MingYu Tang, WenFang Dong, YuFeng Wu, Yong Yin, Fan Jiang
BACKGROUND: This was a cross-sectional survey to investigate the relationship of age, parent education, sleep duration, physical activity, and dietary habits with overweight or obesity in school-age children in Shanghai. METHODS: The survey gathered information from 13,001 children in grades 1 through 5 (age 6 to 10 years) among 26 elementary schools in 7 districts. Activity level was evaluated using the International Children's Leisure Activities Study Survey Questionnaire (CLASS-C)...
February 2018: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333370/the-efficacy-of-oral-habit-modification-on-headache
#5
Farzaneh Agha-Hosseini, Nafiseh Sheykhbahaei, Iraj Mirzaii-Dizgah, Farzad Fatehi
Objectives: Headache is the most common complaint of patients suffering from temporomandibular joint disorders (TMDs). Thus, temporomandibular joint (TMJ) examinations maybe necessary in patients with headache. Considering the high prevalence of bruxism and TMDs in patients with headache the effects of conservative TMD treatment on headache should be assessed. Materials and Methods: Patients were questioned about headaches in the past three months. Those responding affirmatively to this question were examined for TMD and bruxism...
December 2017: Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325587/human-echinostomiasis-a-case-report
#6
Ranjit Sah, Shusila Khadka, Rabin Hamal, Sagar Poudyal
BACKGROUND: Echinostomiasis is a food-borne infection caused by an intestinal trematodes belonging to the family Echinostomatidae. They infect the gastrointestinal tract of humans. Patients are usually asymptomatic. However, with heavy infections, the worms can produce catarrhal inflammation with mild ulceration and the patient may experience abdominal pain, anorexia, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and weight loss. Infection are associated with common sociocultural practices of eating raw or insufficiently cooked mollusks and fish...
January 11, 2018: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322837/association-of-advanced-glycation-end-products-evaluated-by-skin-autofluorescence-with-lifestyle-habits-in-a-general-japanese-population
#7
Fumiyuki Isami, Brett J West, Sanae Nakajima, Sho-Ichi Yamagishi
Objective Accumulation of advanced glycation end products (AGEs) occurs during normal aging but markedly accelerates in people with diabetes. AGEs may play a role in various age-related disorders. Several studies have demonstrated that skin autofluorescence (SAF) reflects accumulated tissue levels of AGEs. However, very few studies have investigated SAF in the general population. The purpose of the present study was to more thoroughly evaluate the potential association among SAF, chronological age, and lifestyle habits in the general population...
January 1, 2018: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317383/research-and-practice-based-nutrition-education-and-cooking-workshops-in-pediatric-oncology-protocol-for-implementation-and-development-of-curriculum
#8
Cynthia Chaput, Sabrina Beaulieu-Gagnon, Véronique Bélanger, Simon Drouin, Laurence Bertout, Lucie Lafrance, Cinthia Olivier, Marthe Robitaille, Caroline Laverdière, Daniel Sinnett, Marie Marquis, Valérie Marcil
BACKGROUND: Progresses in childhood cancer treatment, diagnosis, and management have resulted in childhood cancer survival rates of over 80%. However, this therapeutic success comes with a heavy price: two-thirds of childhood cancer survivors will be affected by further complications, including cardiovascular and metabolic diseases. Adequate nutrition during cancer treatment is essential to ensure the child's optimal development, improve tolerance to treatments, and can contribute to lower the risk of developing cardiometabolic diseases...
January 9, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315588/the-health-nutrition-dimension-a-methodological-approach-to-asses-the-nutritional-sustainability-of-the-typical-agro-food-products-and-the-mediterranean-diet
#9
Elena Azzini, Giuseppe Maiani, Aida Turrini, Federica Intorre, Gabriella Lo Feudo, Roberto Capone, Francesco Bottalico, Hamid El Bilali, Angela Polito
BACKGROUND: The aim of this paper is to work out a methodological approach for the evaluation nutritional sustainability of typical agro-food products, representing the Mediterranean eating habits and included in the Mediterranean food pyramid. RESULTS: For each group of foods, were identified different suitable and easily measurable indicators. Two macro-indicators were used to assess the nutritional sustainability of each product. The first macro-indicator called "business distinctiveness" takes into account the application of different regulations and standards regarding quality, safety and traceability as well as the origin of raw materials...
January 9, 2018: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315538/work-stress-health-behaviours-and-coping-strategies-in-dentists-from-cluj-napoca-romania
#10
Cristian Miron, Horaţiu Alexandru Colosi
BACKGROUND: The recognition of work stressors and their links to sociodemographic characteristics, health behaviours and coping strategies is important for enhancing the working conditions of dentists. AIM: The aim of our study was to identify and rank work stressors in dentists from Cluj-Napoca, Romania, and to investigate their potential links to sociodemographic characteristics, health behaviours and coping strategies. STUDY DESIGN: A questionnaire based on the Work Stress Inventory for Dentists (WSID) was delivered to a cross-sectional sample of 250 dentists working in six neighborhoods across Cluj-Napoca, Romania, as well as at the local Faculty of Dentistry...
January 7, 2018: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306867/efficacy-of-endoscopic-screening-for-esophageal-cancer-in-china-esecc-design-and-preliminary-results-of-a-population-based-randomised-controlled-trial
#11
Zhonghu He, Zhen Liu, Mengfei Liu, Chuanhai Guo, Ruiping Xu, Fenglei Li, Anxiang Liu, Haijun Yang, Lin Shen, Qi Wu, Liping Duan, Xiang Li, Chaoting Zhang, Yaqi Pan, Hong Cai, Yang Ke
OBJECTIVE: Description of the design and preliminary results of baseline recruitment and screening in the endoscopic screening for esophageal cancer in China (ESECC), the first randomised controlled trial (RCT) assessing efficacy and cost-effectiveness of endoscopic screening for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). DESIGN: ESECC trial is a cluster RCT, and 668 villages in rural Hua County, Henan Province, a high-incidence area of ESCC in China, were randomised into two arms at a ratio of 1:1...
January 6, 2018: Gut
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305889/tracking-diet-variety-in-childhood-and-its-association-with-eating-behaviours-related-to-appetite-the-generation-xxi-birth-cohort
#12
Sofia Vilela, Marion M Hetherington, Andreia Oliveira, Carla Lopes
Research on the influence of early eating habits on eating behaviours related to appetite using a prospective approach is scarce, especially in children. The aim of this study was to explore the relationship between changes in diet variety from 4 to 7 years of age and appetitive traits measured at 7 years of age. Participants are from the population-based birth cohort Generation XXI (2005-2006). The present analysis included 4537 children with complete data on a food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) at both ages, and on the Children's Eating Behaviour Questionnaire at 7y...
January 3, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302906/toxic-heavy-metals-in-human-blood-in-relation-to-certain-food-and-environmental-samples-in-kerala-south-india
#13
Anitha Jose, Joseph George Ray
Toxic heavy metals such as arsenic (As), lead (Pb), and mercury (Hg) are systemic toxicants that are hazardous to human health. However, as these elements are increasing in the environment due to fast urbanization, industrialization, and chemicalized agricultural activities, accumulation of the same in human body anywhere in the world is quite interesting to global assessment of environment quality. In this connection, random examination of blood samples of human population in Kerala, South India, was carried out to assess the threat of heavy metal contamination to humans in this part of the globe, especially in relation to the amount of such metals in food and other environmental samples...
January 4, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301042/positive-association-between-sugar-consumption-and-dental-decay-prevalence-independent-of-oral-hygiene-in-pre-school-children-a-longitudinal-prospective-study
#14
V Skafida, S Chambers
Background: Few studies explore how the longitudinal cumulative and combined effects of dietary habits and oral hygiene habits relate to dental decay in very young children. Methods: Using longitudinal survey data, logistic regression models were specified to predict dental decay by age 5. Predictor variables included questions on diet and oral hygiene from ages 2 to 5. Results: Compared to mainly eating meals, children who snacked all day but had no real meals had a higher chance of dental decay (odds ratios (OR) = 2...
December 29, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294894/cyberbullying-victimization-as-a-predictor-of-cyberbullying-perpetration-body-image-dissatisfaction-healthy-eating-and-dieting-behaviors-and-life-satisfaction
#15
Leslie Ramos Salazar
Cyberbullying victimization and perpetration continues to be a serious public health, criminal justice, victimology, and educational problem in middle schools in the United States. Adolescents are at a higher risk of experiencing cyberbullying as a victim and/or as a bully given the frequency of their use of the Internet via social networking sites such as Facebook and mobile devices such as cell phones and tablets. To address this important problem, the purpose of this investigation was to examine cyberbullying victimization through communication technology as a predictor of cyberbullying perpetration, body image, healthy eating and dieting behaviors, and life satisfaction of sixth-, seventh-, and eighth-grade-level middle school students...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284256/perception-of-preventive-care-and-readiness-for-lifestyle-change-in-rural-and-urban-patients-in-poland-a-questionnaire-study
#16
Maciek Godycki-Cwirko, Lech Panasiuk, Carlos Brotons, Mateja Bulc, Izabela Zakowska
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: The idiosyncrasies of rural health demand further research to instigate rural health initiatives and to monitor progress in rural health care. In 2008, a study examined health-related behaviour, perception of importance of preventive interventions, readiness to change lifestyle and willingness to receive support from GPs, according to gender and place of residence. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among patients who visited any of ten randomly-selected general practices in Poland...
December 23, 2017: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284226/acrylamide-in-food-products-eating-habits-and-consumer-awareness-among-medical-school-students
#17
Małgorzata Kowalska, Anna Żbikowska, Sylwia Onacik-Gür, Dorota Kowalska
INTRODUCTION: Acrylamide is formed in several foods during high-temperature processing. In view of reports written about the neurotoxic, genotoxic and carcinogenic effects of acrylamide, it was considered that the presence of this substance in food products might pose a risk for human health. Currently, according to EU Commission recommendations, the content of acrylamide in food should be monitored. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this work was to analyze the food preferences of youth and students from medical schools in Radom, central-eastern Poland, as the most frequent precipitantsas in the field of food products that may be a significant source of acrylamide in the diet...
December 23, 2017: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282813/extinction-and-reinstatement-of-an-operant-responding-maintained-by-food-in-different-models-of-obesity
#18
Aurelijus Burokas, Elena Martín-García, Jose Espinosa-Carrasco, Ionas Erb, Jerome McDonald, Cedric Notredame, Mara Dierssen, Rafael Maldonado
A major problem in treating obesity is the high rate of relapse to abnormal food-taking habits after maintaining an energy balanced diet. Alterations of eating behavior such as compulsive-like behavior and lack of self-control over food intake play a critical role in relapse. In this study, we used an operant paradigm of food-seeking behavior on two different diet-induced obesity models, a free-choice chocolate-mixture diet and a high-fat diet with face validity for a rapid development of obesity or for unhealthy food regularly consumed in our societies...
December 28, 2017: Addiction Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280645/-content-validity-of-food-quality-survey-of-elderly-fqse
#19
Samuel Durán Agüero, Priscila Candia, Rafael Pizarro Mena
BACKGROUND: There are few instruments that evaluate the quality of food of elderly (ED) in the community. OBJECTIVE: To carry out the content validity of the survey designed to determine the Food Quality Survey of Elderly (FQSE). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Based on the existing literature, a questionnaire was designed to evaluate the FQSE. Content validity was performed using the Content Validity Index through the calculation of the Content Validity Ratio of Lawshe...
November 14, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273181/effectiveness-of-implementing-initial-education-strategies-to-promote-awareness-and-healthy-habits-in-childhood-obesity-a-quality-improvement-project
#20
Anastacia Jester, Kathryn Evans Kreider, Richard Ochberg, Judith Meek
BACKGROUND: Rising incidence and prevalence of childhood obesity and related costly health consequences suggest the need for an effective training tool at the primary care level. Evidence-based studies show how a healthy diet and physical activity help reduce the incidence of obesity. METHODS: The objective for this quality improvement project was to evaluate the effectiveness of an evidence-based educational tool in improving healthy eating and physical activity habits among overweight and obese children in a primary care setting over 3 months...
December 20, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
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