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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323676/impact-of-elimination-diets-on-nutrition-and-growth-in-children-with-multiple-food-allergies
#1
Carina Venter, Alessandra Mazzocchi, Kate Maslin, Carlo Agostoni
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Growth and nutritional intake of children with cows' milk allergy and other food allergens has been thoroughly investigated in recent years across many different countries and age groups. An impaired growth in atopic children should not be attributed only to a high number of allergens and foods to be avoided, but to a general condition of 'sub-inflammation', which unfavorably affects the absorption and utilization of fuel and substrates. Atopic study participants may represent a good target for personalized nutrition and in this review we sought to outline many of the issues that should be taken into account when dietitians advise patients regarding food avoidance and expected effects on growth...
March 18, 2017: Current Opinion in Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315883/complementary-foods-guidelines-and-practices
#2
Merryn J Netting, Maria Makrides
Complementary feeding, the transition from a breast milk-based diet to inclusion of other sources of nutrition in an infant's diet, is a major milestone in infant development. This transition period is important as it is a time when infants are vulnerable to developing nutritional deficiencies and occurs during a developmental stage when important food-related behavioral patterns are being established. As under- and overnutrition may coexist in children from the same country, it is important that advice provided by complementary feeding guidelines meets the needs of all children helping them to grow and develop into healthy adults...
2017: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315778/need-of-improvement-of-diet-and-life-habits-among-university-student-regardless-of-religion-professed
#3
Silvia Navarro-Prado, Emilio González-Jiménez, Javier S Perona, Miguel A Montero-Alonso, Marta López-Bueno, Jacqueline Schmidt-RioValle
At present, few studies have assessed the possible influence of culture and religion on healthy eating habits among the university population. The aim of this study was to identify differences in healthy and eating habits among university students of different religions. A cross-sectional study was performed with a sample population of 257 students (22.4 ± 4.76 y) at the campus of the University of Granada in Melilla (Spain). The quality of diet was assessed by the Healthy Eating Index (HEI) and the adherence to the Mediterranean diet by a validated score (MDS)...
March 15, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303707/assessment-of-nutritional-habits-and-preferences-among-secondary-school-students
#4
Paulina Duma-Kocan, Barbara Barud, Elżbieta Głodek, Marian Gil
Background: Appropriate nutrition is one of the most important factors affecting the proper development of man, nutritional status and maintaining good health. Adolescence is a period of development of skills of self-determination and self-realization, also in the case of nutrition. Children and school-age youth are the group most vulnerable to the effects of incorrect nutrition. The way of nutrition during this period determines psychophysical and emotional development, effectiveness in learning process and has influence on health in adulthood...
2017: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303706/selected-eating-behaviours-of-girls-and-boys-attending-sport-oriented-classes
#5
Nicola Szeja, Elżbieta Szczepańska, Karolina Janion, Anna Szymkiewicz, Biruta Lenard, Izabela Dudzik, Anna Kołdon
Background: Eating behaviours play a key role in lives of young people who stay physically active. They influence both their correct development and performance. Objective: Evaluation of selected eating behaviours of girls and boys attending sport-oriented classes and identification of differences between eating behaviours of studied groups. Materials and Methods: 460 students attending sport-oriented classes in Poland participated in the study...
2017: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303705/the-sense-of-life-satisfaction-versus-dietary-choices-of-young-women-doing-fitness-for-recreational-purposes
#6
Maria Gacek
Background: : The health potential of a person can be improved thanks to recreational physical activity and rational diet. The sense of life satisfaction is also one of significant health resources. Objective: The aim of the study was to analyze the relations between the level of life satisfaction and the frequency of consuming selected products in the group of young women who engage in fitness for recreational purposes. Material and Methods: The study involved 200 young women (20-30 years old) who regularly do recreational physical activity in fitness clubs in Małopolska...
2017: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303698/dietary-habits-of-wroclaw-medical-university-students-poland
#7
Rafał Ilow, Bożena Regulska-Ilow, Dorota Różańska
Background: The World Health Organization considers an unhealthy diet to be related to the risk of cardiovascular diseases development. Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate dietary habits among Wroclaw Medical University students with a view towards the nutritional risk factors for cardiovascular diseases. Material and Methods: The study was conducted between the years 2004-2012. The study group consisted of 892 women and 276 men...
2017: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302506/xanthine-oxidase-inhibitory-activity-of-nicotino-isonicotinohydrazides-a-systematic-approach-from-in-vitro-in-silico-to-in-vivo-studies
#8
Humaira Zafar, Muhammad Hayat, Sumayya Saied, Momin Khan, Uzma Salar, Rizwana Malik, M Iqbal Choudhary, Khalid Mohammed Khan
Change in life style and eating habits has led to an increased prevalence of hyperuricemia worldwide. The role of hyperuricemia is no more restricted to gout, but it has a central role in progression of CVD, hypertension, metabolic syndrome, and arthritis. Among the different factors involved in regulation of serum uric acid, xanthine oxidase (XO) is the best pharmacological target to control the levels of serum uric acid as it catalyzes the final steps in uric acid production. In the current study, a systemic search for the inhibitors of xanthine oxidase, starting from synthesis to in vitro screening and leading to in vivo studies is presented...
February 28, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302140/nighttime-eating-and-breast-cancer-among-chinese-women-in-hong-kong
#9
Mengjie Li, Lap Ah Tse, Wing-Cheong Chan, Chi-Hei Kwok, Siu-Lan Leung, Cherry Wu, Wai-Cho Yu, Priscilla Ming-Yi Lee, Koon-Ho Tsang, Sze-Hong Law, Roel Vermeulen, Fangyi Gu, Neil E Caporaso, Ignatius Tak-Sun Yu, Feng Wang, Xiaohong Rose Yang
BACKGROUND: A novel line of research suggests that eating at nighttime may have several metabolic consequences that are highly relevant to breast cancer. We investigated the association between nighttime eating habits after 10 p.m. and breast cancer in Hong Kong women. METHODS: A hospital-based case-control study was conducted during 2012-2015. A total of 922 patients with incident breast cancer (cases) and 913 hospital controls were recruited and interviewed using a standard questionnaire including information on eating behavior during both daytime and nighttime...
March 17, 2017: Breast Cancer Research: BCR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301489/comparative-analysis-of-fecal-microbial-communities-in-cattle-and-bactrian-camels
#10
Liang Ming, Li Yi, Siriguleng, Surong Hasi, Jing He, Le Hai, Zhaoxia Wang, Fucheng Guo, Xiangyu Qiao, Jirimutu
Bactrian camels may have a unique gastrointestinal (GI) microbiome because of their distinctive digestive systems, unique eating habits and extreme living conditions. However, understanding of the microbial communities in the Bactrian camel GI tract is still limited. In this study, microbial communities were investigated by comparative analyses of 16S rRNA hypervariable region V4 sequences of fecal bacteria sampled from 94 animals in four population groups: Inner Mongolian cattle (IMG-Cattle), Inner Mongolian domestic Bactrian camels (IMG-DBC), Mongolian domestic Bactrian camels (MG-DBC), and Mongolian wild Bactrian camels (MG-WBC)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28297084/changing-tastes-learning-hunger-and-fullness-after-gastric-bypass-surgery
#11
Line Hillersdal, Bodil J Christensen, Lotte Holm
Gastric bypass surgery is a specific medical technology that alters the body in ways that force patients to fundamentally change their eating habits. When patients enrol for surgery, they enter a learning process, encountering new and at times contested ways of sensing their bodies, tasting, and experiencing hunger and fullness. In this paper, we explore how patients begin to eat again after gastric bypass surgery. The empirical data used here are drawn from a Danish fieldwork study of individuals undergoing obesity surgery...
March 2017: Sociology of Health & Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292281/skipping-breakfast-is-detrimental-for-primary-school-children-cross-sectional-analysis-of-determinants-for-targeted-prevention
#12
Dorothea Kesztyüs, Meike Traub, Romy Lauer, Tibor Kesztyüs, Jürgen Michael Steinacker
BACKGROUND: Skipping breakfast was found to be associated with abdominal obesity in primary school children. The aim of this research was to examine factors associated with skipping breakfast in primary school children in order to develop targeted preventive measures. METHODS: Baseline data assessment (2010) of a cluster-randomized controlled trial for the evaluation of a school-based health promotion program in primary school children in the state of Baden-Württemberg, Germany...
March 14, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291551/marine-n-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-affect-the-blood-pressure-control-in-patients-with-newly-diagnosed-hypertension-a-1-year-follow-up-study
#13
Carina N Bagge, Charlotte Strandhave, Charlotte M Skov, My Svensson, Erik B Schmidt, Jeppe H Christensen
Marine long-chained n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) are recognized for their cardio-protective effects, including potential lowering of blood pressure. We hypothesized that higher habitual fish intake and n-3 PUFA plasma levels were associated with lower blood pressure and being less likely to receive antihypertensive medication after one-year follow-up. In this prospective study of 115 patients, we assessed 24 h ambulatory and central blood pressure, plasma phospholipid fatty acid composition using gas chromatography and participants completed a food frequency questionnaire, including fish-eating habits...
February 28, 2017: Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289462/the-perception-of-low-salt-bread-among-preschool-children-and-the-role-of-educational-personnel-in-creating-a-positive-attitude-towards-reformulated-food
#14
Boris Kovac, Maja Knific
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to identify the possibility of unnoticed reduction in salt content of bread as a basic food in the diet of preschool children. The response of children to less salty bread and the role of teachers and teacher assistants in the introduction of novelties into children's nutrition ware studied. METHODS: Using hedonic sensory evaluation in the case of bread, the perception of salty taste and responses of preschool children to salt reduction were observed...
March 1, 2017: Zdravstveno Varstvo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288956/home-based-intervention-program-to-reduce-food-insecurity-in-elderly-populations-using-a-tv-app-study-protocol-of-the-randomized-controlled-trial-sa%C3%A3%C2%BAde-come-senior
#15
Ana Maria Rodrigues, Maria João Gregório, Pierre Gein, Mónica Eusébio, Maria José Santos, Rute Dinis de Sousa, Pedro S Coelho, Jorge M Mendes, Pedro Graça, Pedro Oliveira, Jaime C Branco, Helena Canhão
BACKGROUND: The limited or uncertain access to adequate food in elderly people includes not only economic restrictions but also inability of food utilization due to functional or cognitive impairment, health problems, and illiteracy. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this work is to present the protocol of the randomized controlled trial Saúde.Come Senior, an educational and motivational television (TV)-based intervention to promote healthy lifestyles and decrease food insecurity in elderly people...
March 13, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288501/abdominal-pain-cramping-or-discomfort-impairs-quality-of-life-in-women-an-internet-based-observational-pilot-study-focussing-on-impact-of-treatment
#16
Paul Enck, Ursula Koehler, Harald Weigmann, Stefan Mueller-Lissner
Background Abdominal pain, cramping, and discomfort (APCD) are experienced by up to 30 % of adults in Europe. Objective To assess the impact of APCD on quality of life (QoL) and to investigate the effectiveness, tolerability, and impact on QoL of hyoscine butylbromide (HBB, Buscopan(®)) compared with STW 5 (Iberogast(®)) or analgesics in women with APCD. Methods An internet-based observational pilot study was conducted in Germany in women who had predominantly used HBB, STW 5, or analgesics (n = 240 per treatment) to treat APCD...
March 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gastroenterologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288499/-validation-of-the-physical-appearance-comparison-scale-pacs-in-a-german-sample-psychometric-properties-and-association-with-eating-behavior-body-image-and-self-esteem
#17
Simone Claire Mölbert, Martin Hautzinger, Hans-Otto Karnath, Stephan Zipfel, Katrin Giel
The Physical Appearance Comparison Scale (PACS [14]) is the most commonly used validated measure of body-related social comparison habits. Here we investigate reliability and construct validity of the PACS in a German sample. Participants (n=75 men, n=75 women and n=25 women with a confirmed diagnosis of anorexia nervosa) completed the PACS along with measures of eating disorder pathology, body image and self-esteem. Results show an adequate internal consistency of the PACS for the female subgroups and medium to high correlations with eating disorder pathology, body image and self-esteem...
February 2017: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287835/single-nucleotide-polymorphisms-in-the-ptpn1-gene-are-associated-with-susceptibility-to-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-a-case-control-study-in-inner-mongolia-china
#18
Hong-Bo Ji, Le-Le Wang, Xiao-Ying Wang, Sheng-Jie Yin, Di Shang, Li-Li Sun, Lei Wang
OBJECTIVE: This case-control study investigated the association of single nucleotide polymorphisms in the PTPN1 gene with susceptibility to esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) in Inner Mongolia, China. METHODS: A total of 302 patients living in Inner Mongolia China who were pathologically diagnosed with ESCC between April 2012 and 2016 were selected for the ESCC group; 373 healthy individuals were selected for the control group. The rs2904268 C>G, rs2230605 A>G, and rs16995309 C>T polymorphisms in the PTPN1 gene were detected by bidirectional polymerase chain reaction amplification of specific alleles...
March 13, 2017: Genetic Testing and Molecular Biomarkers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287459/prevalence-and-correlates-of-preschool-overweight-and-obesity-amidst-the-nutrition-transition-findings-from-a-national-cross-sectional-study-in-lebanon
#19
Lara Nasreddine, Nahla Hwalla, Angie Saliba, Christelle Akl, Farah Naja
There is increasing evidence linking early life adiposity to disease risk later in life. This study aims at determining the prevalence and correlates of overweight and obesity among preschoolers in Lebanon. A national cross-sectional survey was conducted amongst 2-5 years old children (n = 525). Socio-demographic, lifestyle, dietary, and anthropometric data were obtained. The prevalence of overweight and obesity was estimated at 6.5% and 2.7%, respectively. Based on stepwise logistic regression for the prediction of overweight and obesity (combined), the variance accounted for by the first block (socioeconomic, parental characteristics) was 11...
March 11, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279689/living-alone-but-eating-together-exploring-lunch-clubs-as-a-dining-out-experience
#20
Nadine Thomas, Ruth Emond
Dining out is most often associated with pleasure and gratification, principally since it presents opportunities for sociability. However, access to dining out experiences is influenced by multiple factors, including age. Little is known about the dining out habits of older people. In particular, the food practices of those living alone in the community is under-researched compared to those in hospital or residential care. This study explores the perceptions and preferences of ten older people towards domestic and communal meals in South East Scotland...
March 6, 2017: Appetite
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