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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925766/correlation-of-types-of-food-and-asthma-diagnosis-in-childhood-a-case-control-study
#1
Souheil Hallit, Chantal Raherison, Rita Abou Abdallah, Rabih Hallit, Pascale Salameh
BACKGROUND: Studies concerning asthma in Lebanon investigated environmental and personal factors but none of them took into account the effect of nutritional habits. Our objective is to assess the effect of nutritional habits on asthma and allergies in Lebanese children aged between 3-16 years old. METHODS: This is a case-control study, conducted between December 2015 and April 2016. The Food Frequency Questionnaire was composed of 16 semi-quantitative questions covering different food categories...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917366/complementary-and-alternative-medicine-self-care-strategies-for-nausea-in-patients-undergoing-abdominal-or-pelvic-irradiation-for-cancer-a-longitudinal-observational-study-of-implementation-in-routine-care
#2
Anna Enblom, Gunnar Steineck, Sussanne Börjeson
OBJECTIVE: To longitudinally describe practice of Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) self-care strategies for nausea during radiotherapy. METHODS: Two hundred patients daily registered nausea and practice of CAM self-care strategies, beside conventional antiemetic medications, for nausea during abdominal/pelvic irradiation (median five weeks) for gynecological (69%) colorectal (27%) or other tumors (4%). RESULTS: During radiotherapy, 131 (66%) experienced nausea, and 50 (25%) practiced self-care for nausea at least once, for a mean (m) of 15...
October 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917238/qualitative-study-of-eating-habits-in-bruneian-primary-school-children
#3
Tajidah Talip, Rajiah Serudin, Salmah Noor, Nik Tuah
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Childhood obesity is a serious public health issue globally and poor eating habits are an important contributing factor. This study aimed to explore the perceptions, practices and attitudes towards healthy eating in Bruneian primary school children. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: A qualitative study was conducted among 40 subjects involving 18 children (aged 9-10 years old), 12 parents and 10 teachers, who were recruited from two primary schools using convenience sampling...
2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912995/coprophagia-and-entomophagia-in-a-patient-with-alcohol-related-dementia
#4
João B Fonseca, Pedro Morgado
Coprophagia and entomophagia are two phenomena not commonly reported in the medical literature and their occurrence is usually associated with mental disorders. We present the case of a 59-year-old man with a history of alcohol abuse who was evaluated due to cognitive deterioration and disturbed eating habits including feces and living insects. Organic causes were ruled out and an important cognitive impairment became evident on neuropsychological formal test. The behavior remitted after antipsychotic pharmacologic therapy and alcohol detoxification, leaving the diagnostic impression of alcohol related dementia...
2017: Case Reports in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910192/subjective-life-expectancy-among-college-students
#5
Alyssa E Rodemann, Danielle Arigo
Establishing healthy habits in college is important for long-term health. Despite existing health promotion efforts, many college students fail to meet recommendations for behaviors such as healthy eating and exercise, which may be due to low perceived risk for health problems. The goals of this study were to examine: (1) the accuracy of life expectancy predictions, (2) potential individual differences in accuracy (i.e., gender and conscientiousness), and (3) potential change in accuracy after inducing awareness of current health behaviors...
September 14, 2017: Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903110/flavor-perception-and-preference-development-in-human-infants
#6
Catherine A Forestell
As most parents and caregivers are aware, feeding children a nutritionally balanced diet can be challenging. Children are born with a biological predisposition to prefer sweet and to avoid bitter foods such as green leafy vegetables. It has been hypothesized that this predisposition evolved to attract children to energy-dense foods while discouraging the consumption of toxins. Although this may have enhanced survival in environments historically characterized by food scarcity, it is clearly maladaptive in many of today's food environments where children are surrounded by an abundance of sweet-tasting, unhealthful foods and beverages that place them at risk for excessive weight gain...
2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902298/nursing-infant-with-acquired-toxoplasmosis-in-the-first-months-of-life-a-case-report
#7
Hanstter Hallison Alves Rezende, Heloísa Ribeiro Storchilo, Jaqueline Ataíde Silva Lima, Antônio Roberto Gomes, Taynara Cristina Gomes, Jéssica Yonara de Souza, Mariza Martins Avelino, Waldemar Naves do Amaral, Marina Clare Vinaud, Ana Maria de Castro
Toxoplasmosis is caused by Toxoplasma gondii and the probability of this infection occurring in the first months of life is usually low because its transmission is related to eating habits. A 6-month-old nursing infant was diagnosed with acute toxoplasmosis, which was identified through anti- T. gondii IgA, IgM and low-avidity IgG serologic assays, polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and mouse bioassay test although its mother was seronegative. This serological divergence between mother and child led us to interview the mother regarding epidemiological factors...
August 24, 2017: Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901279/role-of-physical-exercise-and-omega-3-fatty-acids-on-depressive-illness-in-the-elderly
#8
Stefano Farioli-Vecchioli, Stefano Sacchetti, Vittoria Nicolis di Robilant, Debora Cutuli
BACKGROUND: In adulthood, depression is the most common type of mental illness and will be the second leading cause of disease by 2020. Major depression dramatically affects the function of the central nervous system and degrades life quality, especially during aging. Several mechanisms underlie the pathophysiology of depressive illness, given it has a multifactorial etiology. Human and animal studies have demonstrated that depression is mainly associated with imbalances in neurotransmitters and neurotrophins, hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis alterations, brain volume changes, neurogenesis dysfunction, and dysregulation of inflammatory pathways...
September 11, 2017: Current Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895688/breakfast-nutritional-status-and-socioeconomic-outcome-measures-among-primary-school-students-from-the-city-of-salta-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Susana J Gotthelf, Claudia P Tempestti
INTRODUCTION: Socioeconomic context and family dynamics are determining factors when considering eating habits and nutritional status among students. It has been demonstrated that skipping breakfast or having a light breakfast has an unfavorable impact on nutritional status. OBJETIVE: To establish a relationship among breakfast, sociodemographic outcome measures, and nutritional status among students attending public schools in the urban and peri-urban areas of the City of Salta...
October 1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895416/associations-of-the-variable-number-of-tandem-repeats-polymorphism-in-the-smyd3-gene-with-risk-and-prognosis-of-esophageal-cancer-a-case-control-study
#10
H F Wang, Y L Qu, L Y Ma, Y Tang
The aim of this study was to explore the associations between the variable number of tandem repeats (VNTR) polymorphism in the SMYD3 gene and the risk and prognosis of esophageal cancer (EC). A total of 546 EC patients (case group) and 580 healthy individuals (control group) were recruited for this study. Direct DNA sequencing of polymerase chain reaction (PCR) products was applied to detect the SMYD3 VNTR genotypes. A non-conditional logistic regression model was used to analyze the associations between different VNTR genotypes and clinicopathological features with the risk of EC...
September 12, 2017: Neoplasma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894289/factors-associated-with-long-term-weight-loss-maintenance-following-bariatric-surgery-in-adolescents-with-severe-obesity
#11
J R Ryder, A C Gross, C K Fox, A M Kaizer, K D Rudser, T M Jenkins, M B Ratcliff, A S Kelly, S Kirk, R M Siegel, T H Inge
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Bariatric surgery produces robust weight loss, however, factors associated with long-term weight-loss maintenance among adolescents undergoing Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery are unknown. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Fifty adolescents (mean±s.d. age and body mass index (BMI)=17.1±1.7 years and 59±11 kg m(-2)) underwent Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery, had follow-up visits at 1 year and at a visit between 5 and 12 years following surgery (Follow-up of Adolescent Bariatric Surgery at 5 Plus years (FABS-5+) visit; mean±s...
August 14, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890529/factors-relating-to-the-feeling-of-school-avoidance-among-elementary-school-children-results-from-the-mext-ministry-of-education-culture-sports-science-and-education-super-shokuiku-school-project
#12
Masahiro Akimoto, Michikazu Sekine, Masaaki Yamada, Takashi Tatsuse
Purpose This study aims to evaluate whether lifestyle factors including media use and social and family environments are associated with elementary school children's feeling of school avoidance.Methods Total study population for this study was 2,057 children in 5 elementary schools in Takaoka city, Toyama prefecture, which participated in the MEXT Super Shokuiku School Project. A questionnaire survey was conducted in July 2014 and 1,936 students responded (Response rate: 94.1%). Of those who responded, data from 1,698 respondents were relevant for this study...
2017: [Nihon Kōshū Eisei Zasshi] Japanese Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890391/learned-pleasure-from-eating-an-opportunity-to-promote-healthy-eating-in-children
#13
REVIEW
Lucile Marty, Stéphanie Chambaron, Sophie Nicklaus, Sandrine Monnery-Patris
Across the lifespan, eating is a common everyday act driven by the search for pleasure and reinforced by experienced pleasure. Pleasure is an innate indicator of the satisfaction of physiological needs, in addition to other attributes. Pleasure from eating is also learned and contributes to the development of children's eating habits, which remain mostly stable until adulthood. Based on classical models of determinants of food consumption behaviour, we identified three dimensions of pleasure from eating learned during childhood: 1/the sensory dimension, i...
September 8, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888729/easy-going-rational-susceptible-and-struggling-eaters-a-segmentation-study-based-on-eating-behaviour-tendencies
#14
Saara Pentikäinen, Anne Arvola, Leila Karhunen, Kyösti Pennanen
Eating behaviour tendencies, emotional eating (EE), uncontrolled eating (UE) and cognitive restraint (CR), are associated with various indicators of physical and mental health. Therefore, it is important to understand these tendencies in order to design interventions to improve health. Previous research has mostly examined eating behaviour tendencies individually, without considering typical combinations of these tendencies or their manifestation in well-being and food choices. This study aimed to understand the interactive occurrence of EE, UE and CR in two independent populations...
September 6, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888617/relationships-between-bone-mass-and-dietary-lifestyle-habits-in-japanese-women-at-3-4-months-postpartum
#15
A Hoshino, A Yamada, R Tanabe, S Noda, K Nakaoka, Y Oku, C Katayama, M Haraikawa, H Nakano, M Harada, K Uenishi, M Goseki-Sone
OBJECTIVES: The relationships between calcaneal bone mass and dietary/lifestyle habits in women at 3-4 months postpartum were examined in the context of osteoporosis prevention. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. METHODS: We measured bone mass using calcaneal ultrasound in mothers who brought their 3- to 4-month-old babies to healthcare centers in Japan for health examination and administered a self-report questionnaire on physical characteristics and dietary/lifestyle habits to those who agreed to participate in the survey...
September 7, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888491/breakfast-eating-habits-among-schoolchildren
#16
Mohammed ALBashtawy
BACKGROUND: A healthy breakfast provides school-age children with the essential nutrients needed for their activities and is correlated with improving a person's general nutritional status. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted over a period of two months in 2015, involving 1798 Jordanian schoolchildren from grade 1 to grade 6. The study data sheet covered the breakfast habits of those children. Descriptive measures and Pearson's chi-square test were computed...
September 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884261/the-connection-between-exercise-addiction-and-orthorexia-nervosa-in-german-fitness-sports
#17
Sabrina Rudolph
PURPOSE: The combination of physical activity and healthy eating habits has potentially positive effects on health. However, both practices can also lead to pathological behaviors such as exercise addiction (EA) and orthorexia nervosa (ON), thus generating negative effects. So far, studies analyzing the connection between these two phenomena cannot be found. The current paper is aiming to close this gap. METHODS: The sample (n = 1.008) consisted of 559 male and 449 female active members of three fitness studios, and was analyzed in a cross-sectional study design...
September 7, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883241/ketoacidosis-due-to-a-low-carbohydrate-diet-in-an-elderly-woman-with-dementia-and-abnormal-eating-behavior
#18
Hitoshi Iwata, Seiichiro Tsuzuki, Mitsunaga Iwata, Teruhiko Terasawa
Strict restriction of carbohydrates can induce symptomatic ketoacidosis. We herein report a 76-year-old demented woman who developed ketoacidosis after 1 month of abnormal eating behavior involving selectively eating hamburger steak (estimated carbohydrate =12.7 g/day). Laboratory tests showed high-anion-gap metabolic acidosis with elevated blood ketone levels. She was successfully treated with intravenous fluids followed by oral intake of a regular diet. She remained relapse-free after correcting her eating habits...
September 6, 2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883216/impact-of-speed-eating-habit-on-subsequent-body-mass-index-and-blood-pressure-among-schoolchildren%C3%A3-the-ibaraki-children-s-cohort-study-ibachil
#19
Kazumasa Yamagishi, Toshimi Sairenchi, Nobuyuki Sawada, Keiko Sunou, Mizuki Sata, Utako Murai, Nobue Takizawa, Fujiko Irie, Hiroshi Watanabe, Hiroyasu Iso, Hitoshi Ota
BACKGROUND: Habitual speed eating is a risk factor of obesity but evidence of this in children is limited. We examined the association between speed-eating habit and subsequent body mass index (BMI) and blood pressure (BP) among Japanese children.Methods and Results:The community-based study comprised 1,490 Japanese boys and girls who were born in 1989, involved in the Ibaraki Children's Cohort Study at age 3 years, and had returned questionnaires at both ages 6 and 12 years. In a subsample, we measured BP (n=263)...
September 5, 2017: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882920/the-hat-trick-programme-for-improving-physical-activity-healthy-eating-and-connectedness-among-overweight-inactive-men-study-protocol-of-a-pragmatic-feasibility-trial
#20
Cristina M Caperchione, Joan L Bottorff, John L Oliffe, Steven T Johnson, Kate Hunt, Paul Sharp, Kayla M Fitzpatrick, Ryley Price, S Larry Goldenberg
INTRODUCTION: Physical activity, healthy eating and maintaining a healthy weight are associated with reduced risk of cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes and cancer and with improved mental health. Despite these benefits, many men do not meet recommended physical activity guidelines and have poor eating behaviours. Many health promotion programmes hold little appeal to men and consequently fail to influence men's health practices. HAT TRICK was designed as a 12-week face-to-face, gender-sensitised intervention for overweight and inactive men focusing on physical activity, healthy eating and social connectedness and was delivered in collaboration with a major junior Canadian ice hockey team (age range 16-20 years)...
September 6, 2017: BMJ Open
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