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Orlando Ricaurte, Karina Neita, Danyela Valero, Jenny Ortega-Rojas, Carlos E Arboleda-Bustos, Camilo Zubieta, José Penagos, Gonzalo Arboleda
Introducción. Los gliomas son los tumores primarios más comunes del sistema nervioso central y se clasifican de I a IV según su grado de malignidad. En recientes investigaciones se ha encontrado que su aparición está relacionada con mutaciones en el exón 4 de los genes que codifican las deshidrogenasas de isocitrato 1 y 2 (IDH1: codón 132; IDH2: codón 172).Objetivo. Determinar la frecuencia de mutaciones en los genes IDH1 e IDH2 en una muestra de gliomas de pacientes colombianos.Materiales y métodos...
May 1, 2018: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
Guillermo Castaño, Gloria Sierra, Daniela Sánchez, Yolanda Torres, Carolina Salas, Carolina Buitrago
Introducción. La violencia en sus diferentes modalidades incrementa el riesgo de trastornos mentales y de consumo de drogas.Objetivos. Estimar la prevalencia de los trastornos mentales, del uso y abuso de drogas, así como los factores asociados en víctimas de desplazamiento forzado en tres ciudades colombianas.Materiales y métodos. Se hizo un estudio de prevalencia en una muestra de 1.026 personas entre los 13 y los 65 años de edad, a quienes se entrevistó utilizando el instrumento Composite International Diagnostic Interview y el Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test de la Organización Mundial de la Salud, así como un cuestionario sobre el consumo de drogas modificado a partir de la encuesta del Sistema Interamericano de Datos Uniformes sobre Drogas de la Comisión Interamericana para el Control del Abuso de Drogas de la Organización de Estados Americanos, y otro sobre aspectos relacionados con el desplazamiento forzado...
May 1, 2018: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
Erica Silberstein, Carylinda Serna, Stenio Perdigão Fragoso, Rana Nagarkatti, Alain Debrabant
Chagas disease, caused by the intracellular protozoan Trypanosoma cruzi, affects 8-10 million people worldwide and represents a major public health challenge. There is no effective treatment or vaccine to control the disease that is characterized by a mild acute phase followed by a chronic life-long infection. Approximately 30% of chronically infected individuals develop cardiac and/or digestive pathologies. T. cruzi can invade a wide variety of nucleated cells, but only persists at specific tissues in the host...
2018: PloS One
Pedro G B Souza-Dias, Lucas Denadai DE Campos, Francisco DE Assis Ganeo DE Mello
A new genus and two new species of Luzarinae cricket (Grylloidea, Phalangopsidae) are described from the Amazon Rainforest of Brazil and Colombia. Desutterella manauara n. gen. n. sp. and D. colombiana n. gen. n. sp. are described based in characters of external morphology and genitalia. The new genus is characterized by the presence of reduced and pubescent male forewings, with stridulatory vein visible but other areas for sound production and propagation absent, and file teeth very reduced, vestigial. Regarding the male genitalia, Desutterella n...
November 16, 2017: Zootaxa
Ranulfo González-Obando, Nancy Carrejo-Gironza, Alfonso N García Aldrete
Based on a survey of the genus Triplocania (Psocodea: 'Psocoptera') in forests of natural areas and Natural Parks in Colombia, 46 species were found, 42 of which are new to science and are here described and illustrated. Added to T. colombiana García Aldrete, the number of species of Triplocania now known in Colombia is raised to 47. To date, 40 species described in this paper are recorded only in Colombia, and seven species are shared with neighboring countries, three with Brazil, one with Venezuela, two with Ecuador, and one with Ecuador and Brazil...
October 15, 2017: Zootaxa
Emilia M Ortiz, Jessica Duchicela, Alexis Debut
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 10, 2017: Revista Argentina de Microbiología
Luis Fernando Giraldo-Cadavid, Alirio Rodrigo Bastidas, Diana Marcela Padilla-Ortiz, Diana Carolina Concha-Galan, María Angelica Bazurto, Leslie Vargas
INTRODUCTION: Patients with obstructive sleep apnoea hypopnoea syndrome (OSA) might have varying degrees of laryngopharyngeal mechanical hyposensitivity that might impair the brain's capacity to prevent airway collapse during sleep. However, this knowledge about sensory compromises in OSA comes from studies performed using methods with little evidence of their validity. Hence, the purpose of this study is to assess the reliability and accuracy of the measurement of laryngopharyngeal mechanosensitivity in patients with OSA using a recently developed laryngopharyngeal endoscopic esthesiometer and rangefinder (LPEER)...
August 21, 2017: BMJ Open
Marcos Leandro Dos Santos, Cláudio Roberto Fonsêca Sousa Soares, Jucinei José Comin, Paulo Emílio Lovato
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) on pacara earpod tree (Enterolobium contorstisiliquum) growth and phytoprotection in soil containing coal-mining waste. A greenhouse experiment was carried out with three inoculation treatment groups (non-inoculated, inoculated with Rhizophagus clarus, and inoculated with Acaulospora colombiana) in two substrates (0 or 30% tailings). After 90 days the seedlings were collected to quantify growth parameters, quality, mycorrhizal root colonization rate, and leaf content of chlorophylls and carotenoids...
December 2, 2017: International Journal of Phytoremediation
Natalia Vargas, Carlos José Pardo-de La Hoz, Giovanna Danies, Ana Esperanza Franco-Molano, Pedro Jiménez, Silvia Restrepo, Alejandro Grajales
Amanita is a worldwide-distributed fungal genus, with approximately 600 known species. Most species within the genus are ectomycorrhizal (ECM), with some saprotrophic representatives. In this study, we constructed the first comprehensive phylogeny including ECM species from Colombia collected in native Quercus humboldtii forests and in introduced Pinus patula plantations. We included 8 species (A. brunneolocularis, A. colombiana, A. flavoconia, A. fuligineodisca, A. muscaria, A. rubescens, A. sororcula, and A...
2017: Mycologia
Carlos Castro
The first oncology conference organised by ecancer and the Liga Colombiana contra el Cancer took place on 17-18 November 2016 in Bogota. It was a highly successful event owing to the number of participants, the quality of the speakers, and the academic programme. Around 48 professors from 8 different countries came and shared their knowledge and experience of cancer management. They also talked about the most recent developments noted or achieved in this area. The keynote speech from Dr Nubia Muñoz was of great interest which was related to the safety of a HPV vaccine and the implications of a mass vaccination programme in developing countries...
2017: Ecancermedicalscience
Glaucia Diniz Alessio, Fernanda Fortes de Araújo, Denise Fonseca Côrtes, Policarpo Ademar Sales Júnior, Daniela Cristina Lima, Matheus de Souza Gomes, Laurence Rodrigues do Amaral, Marcelo Antônio Pascoal Xavier, Andréa Teixeira-Carvalho, Olindo Assis Martins-Filho, Marta de Lana
Distinct Trypanosoma cruzi genotypes have been considered relevant for patient management and therapeutic response of Chagas disease. However, typing strategies for genotype-specific serodiagnosis of Chagas disease are still unavailable and requires standardization for practical application. In this study, an innovative TcI/TcVI/TcII Chagas Flow ATE-IgG2a technique was developed with applicability for universal and genotype-specific diagnosis of T. cruzi infection. For this purpose, the reactivity of serum samples (percentage of positive fluorescent parasites-PPFP) obtained from mice chronically infected with TcI/Colombiana, TcVI/CL or TcII/Y strain as well as non-infected controls were determined using amastigote-AMA, trypomastigote-TRYPO and epimastigote-EPI in parallel batches of TcI, TcVI and TcII target antigens...
March 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
G Sanclemente, C Burgos, J Nova, F Hernández, C González, M I Reyes, N Córdoba, Á Arévalo, E Meléndez, J Colmenares, S Ariza, G Hernández
INTRODUCTION: To date, no formal study has been published regarding how Colombian patients with skin disorders could be affected according to their perception of disease. OBJECTIVE: To determine the impact in quality of life of skin diseases in a Colombian population. METHODS: This multicenter study included patients with skin disease from almost the whole country. Individuals >18 years old; of any gender; with any skin disease and who signed informed consent, were included...
April 2017: Actas Dermo-sifiliográficas
Jorge Sánchez, Ricardo Cardona, Luis Caraballo, Carlos Serrano, Ruth Ramírez, Susana Díez, Elizabeth García, Ana María Segura, Alfonso Cepeda, María Minotas
Allergies comprise a set of highly prevalent diseases. When allergic processes are not controlled, they can endanger patients' health and lives, and have an important economic and social impact. The aim of this paper is to present a practical consensus of the scientific evidence on the use of immunotherapy in allergic diseases. A collaborative review made by various institutes and universities in Colombia was carried out upon request of the Asociación Colombiana de Alergia, Asma e Imunología, led by general practitioners, allergists, immunologists, internists and paediatricians with experience in the field of allergies...
September 1, 2016: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
Alvaro Monterrosa-Castro, Katherin Portela-Buelvas, Heidi C Oviedo, Edwin Herazo, Adalberto Campo-Arias
Introduction. Quality of life could be quantified with the Menopause Rating Scale (MRS), which evaluates the severity of somatic, psychological, and urogenital symptoms in menopause. However, differential item functioning (DIF) analysis has not been applied previously. Objective. To establish the DIF of the psychological domain of the MRS in Colombian women. Methods. 4,009 women aged between 40 and 59 years, who participated in the CAVIMEC (Calidad de Vida en la Menopausia y Etnias Colombianas) project, were included...
2016: BioMed Research International
Olga Marcela Cruz Montalvo
This article analyses the part played by Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría in the development of psychiatry as a medical speciality in Colombia. Moreover, it discusses its role in helping to consolidate the biomedical perspective and evidence-based medicine in Colombian psychiatry.
October 2016: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
Priscila Moraes Henrique, Tatiane Marques, Marcos Vinícius da Silva, Gabriel Antônio Nogueira Nascentes, Carlo Freire de Oliveira, Virmondes Rodrigues, César Gómez-Hernández, Karen Ann Norris, Luis Eduardo Ramirez, Wendell Sérgio Ferreira Meira
Trypanosoma cruzi trypomastigotes are able to resist lysis via the complement system, which involves many surface proteins including the complement regulatory protein (CRP). To examine the diversity in CRP recognition among strains of T. cruzi, the expression levels of the translated protein on trypomastigote surfaces were analyzed by flow cytometry, and associations between protein expression and the biological behavior of these strains, especially the ability to induce lytic antibodies in animal models, were assessed...
November 2016: Experimental Parasitology
Edenilson Meyer, Diana Marcela Morales Londoño, Rafael Dutra de Armas, Admir José Giachini, Márcio José Rossi, Shantau Camargo Gomes Stoffel, Cláudio Roberto Fonsêca Sousa Soares
Vetiver (Chrysopogon zizanioides) is a fast-growing, high biomass producing plant employed for environmental rehabilitation. The study evaluated the effects of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) on the growth and trace element phytoextracting capabilities of vetiver in a substrate containing coalmine wastes in Southern Brazil. AMF included Acaulospora colombiana, Acaulospora morrowiae, Acaulospora scrobiculata, Dentiscutata heterogama, Gigaspora margarita, and Rhizophagus clarus. Among those, A. colombiana, G...
February 2017: International Journal of Phytoremediation
Thamara Zacca, Ricardo R Siewert, Mirna M Casagrande, Olaf H H Mielke, Márlon Paluch
Four new species of Pierella Westwood, 1851 from Brazil are described: P. angeloi Zacca, Siewert & Mielke sp. nov. from Maranhão, P. kesselringi Zacca, Siewert & Paluch sp. nov. from Paraíba, Pernambuco, Alagoas and Sergipe, P. nice Zacca, Siewert & Paluch sp. nov. from Bahia and P. keithbrowni Siewert, Zacca & Casagrande sp. nov. from Bahia, Espírito Santo, Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo, Paraná and Santa Catarina. Additionally, P. chalybaea Godman, 1905 stat. rest. and P. boliviana F.M. Brown, 1948 stat. nov...
February 9, 2016: Zootaxa
Diego Aguilar Fachin, Cristiane Viera De Assis-Pujol
This family is poor known in Colombia with only two known species of two genera, Solva tuberculata and Arthropeina colombiana.
June 14, 2016: Zootaxa
María Paola Zago, Yashoda M Hosakote, Sue-Jie Koo, Monisha Dhiman, María Dolores Piñeyro, Adriana Parodi-Talice, Miguel A Basombrio, Carlos Robello, Nisha J Garg
Trypanosoma cruzi species is categorized into six discrete typing units (TcI to TcVI) of which TcI is most abundantly noted in the sylvatic transmission cycle and considered the major cause of human disease. In our study, the TcI strains Colombiana (COL), SylvioX10/4 (SYL), and a cultured clone (TCC) exhibited different biological behavior in a murine model, ranging from high parasitemia and symptomatic cardiomyopathy (SYL), mild parasitemia and high tissue tropism (COL), to no pathogenicity (TCC). Proteomic profiling of the insect (epimastigote) and infective (trypomastigote) forms by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis/matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time of flight mass spectrometry, followed by functional annotation of the differential proteome data sets (≥2-fold change, P < 0...
June 2016: Infection and Immunity
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