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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430541/a-comprehensive-approach-to-hepatic-vascular-disease
#1
Khaled M Elsayes, Akram M Shaaban, Sarah M Rothan, Sanaz Javadi, Beatrice L Madrazo, Rosa P Castillo, Victor J Casillas, Christine O Menias
The liver has a complex vascular supply, which involves the inflow of oxygenated blood through the hepatic artery (systemic circulation) and deoxygenated blood through the portal vein (portal circulation), as well as the outflow of deoxygenated blood through the hepatic veins to the inferior vena cava. A spectrum of vascular variants can involve the liver. Some of these variants may result in areas of enhancement that can mimic more serious pathologic conditions. In this article, the authors discuss a spectrum of variants and pathologic conditions that may involve the liver vasculature...
April 21, 2017: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412265/one-stage-supramaximal-full-thickness-wedge-resection-of-vascular-lip-anomalies
#2
Dawn K De Castro, Zhi Yang Ng, Paul W Holzer, Milton Waner, Curtis L Cetrulo, Aaron Fay
PURPOSE: Vascular lip anomalies include infantile hemangiomas, venous malformations, and arteriovenous malformations. Surgical management can be complicated by alterations in horizontal length, vertical height, and lip thickness from the underlying pathology. Additional reconstructive challenges include preservation of oral continence, vermillion definition, and the sublabial sulcus. This report describes a technique of supramaximal single-stage full-thickness wedge resection of these lesions...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409039/endodontic-management-of-teeth-juxtaposed-to-haemangioma
#3
Rekha Chandra Mani, Anchu Rachel Thomas, Premkumar Elavarasu, Vijay Venkatesh
Vascular anomalies are localized defects in the vasculature that may or may not be present at birth. There are many types of vascular anomalies with different aetiology and clinical picture and, therefore, require the combined expertise of medical, radiological, and surgical specialities for its diagnosis and management. The term "haemangioma" is used as a common generic label to incorporate all types of vascular malformations. In this report, we describe a case of two maxillary premolars, requiring endodontic therapy, in close proximity to a haemangioma...
2017: Case Reports in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402073/infantile-hemangiomas-an-updated-review-on-risk-factors-pathogenesis-and-treatment
#4
REVIEW
Chelsey J Forbess Smith, Sheila Fallon Friedlander, Monica Guma, Arthur Kavanaugh, Christina D Chambers
Infantile hemangiomas (IHs) are the most common vascular tumors in infants, appearing in early infancy and ultimately regressing with time. Clinical presentation may vary, with a minority of lesions causing impairment of vital function (e.g., respiratory or visual obstruction), permanent scarring, and/or disfigurement. The pathogenesis of IH is complex and poorly understood. Risk factors implicated in their development include preterm birth and placental anomalies. IH presents a myriad of clinical challenges, including correct diagnosis and whether or not to pursue treatment...
April 12, 2017: Birth Defects Res
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396252/tea-phytochemicals-for-breast-cancer-prevention-and-intervention-from-bench-to-bedside-and-beyond
#5
REVIEW
Dona Sinha, Jaydip Biswas, Seyed Mohammad Nabavi, Anupam Bishayee
The National Cancer Institute of the United States had projected breast cancer as one of the topmost prevalent malignancies of 2016. It was estimated that in 2016, 246,660 new cases of invasive breast cancer were expected to be diagnosed in women in the US, along with 61,000 new cases of non-invasive (in situ) breast cancer. The heterogeneity of breast cancer accounts for its differential molecular subtyping. Recent incorporation of high throughput approaches helps early prognosis of breast cancer, but recurrence of the disease stands to be one of the most daunting fact behind non-availability of third line treatment...
April 7, 2017: Seminars in Cancer Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396239/microvascular-anomaly-conditions-in-psychiatric-disease-schizophrenia-angiogenesis-connection
#6
REVIEW
Pavel Katsel, Panos Roussos, Mikhail Pletnikov, Vahram Haroutunian
Schizophrenia (SZ) is a severe mental disorder with unknown etiology and elusive neuropathological and neurobiological features have been a focus of many theoretical hypotheses and empirical studies. Current genetic and neurobiology information relevant to SZ implicates neuronal developmental and synaptic plasticity abnormalities, and neurotransmitter, microglial and oligodendrocytes dysfunction. Several recent theories have highlighted the neurovascular unit as a potential contributor to the pathophysiology of SZ...
April 7, 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390126/oral-thrombus-report-of-122-cases-with-clinically-descriptive-data
#7
P-L Tobouti, F-M Pigatti, M-C Martins-Mussi, S-C-O Machado de Sousa
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to assess the frequency and characterize clinic-pathologic aspects of thrombus occurring as a single lesion or in association with other oral pathologies. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 122 cases of thrombus from the oral cavity were retrieved. Information regarding site of the lesion, age, sex and clinical diagnosis or hypothesis and associated lesions were collected from the patients' records. RESULTS: The lesions occurred in a wide age range but the 5th decade was the most prevalent and female patients were more affected...
April 8, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387106/-when-an-encircling-aortic-arch-anomaly-hides-behind-respiratory-and-digestive-symptoms-in-children
#8
M Solowianiuk, C Soulatges, N Farhat, J Holzki, M-C Seghaye
Aortic arch anomalies are relatively frequent and account for 15 to 20 % of all congenital cardiovascular malformations. They can be discovered in case of symptoms of airway or esophageal compression such as dysphagia, chronic cough, stridor, wheezing and recurrent respiratory infections. We report the cases of two children with encircling aortic arch anomaly. The 3-year-old boy had complained of chronic respiratory symptoms such as laryngitis and asthma since the age of 4 months. The 20-month-old boy presented with inter-mittent stridor, dysphagia and frequent vomiting...
November 2016: Revue Médicale de Liège
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383404/progressive-fingertip-necrosis-after-nail-avulsion-injury-in-a-patient-with-ulnar-artery-hypoplasia-a-case-report
#9
Yeon Jin Jeong, Seong Hyuk Park, Jun Yong Lee
RATIONALE: Slowly progressive hand ischemia is mostly associated with medical illness such as vasculitis, and in patients with smoking history, Buerger disease is often considered first. However, despite the very low incidence of vascular anatomical anomalies, they can lead to hand ischemia. And if there is no consideration for them, proper treatment cannot be selected. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 42-year-old male smoker presented with a slowly progressing 5th fingertip necrosis following blunt trauma...
April 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382268/rare-vascular-anomalies-in-the-femoral-triangle-during-varicose-vein-surgery
#10
Duk Sil Kim, Sung Wan Kim, Hyun Seok Lee, Kyung Hwan Byun, Michael SungPil Choe
BACKGROUND: We observed several cases of rare vascular anomalies within the femoral triangle during varicose vein operations. METHODS: From among 2,093 patients who underwent stripping operations of the great saphenous vein between January 2002 and June 2016, 14 cases of rare vascular anomalies were enrolled in this study. RESULTS: Twelve cases of femoral artery and vein transposition (0.57%), 1 case of separate entrance of the great saphenous vein trunk and its tributaries (0...
April 2017: Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377475/diagnosis-imaging-and-clinical-management-of-aortic-coarctation
#11
REVIEW
Elles J Dijkema, Tim Leiner, Heynric B Grotenhuis
Coarctation of the aorta (CoA) is a well-known congenital heart disease (CHD), which is often associated with several other cardiac and vascular anomalies, such as bicuspid aortic valve (BAV), ventricular septal defect, patent ductus arteriosus and aortic arch hypoplasia. Despite echocardiographic screening, prenatal diagnosis of CoA remains difficult. Most patients with CoA present in infancy with absent, delayed or reduced femoral pulses, a supine arm-leg blood pressure gradient (>20 mm Hg), or a murmur due to rapid blood flow across the CoA or associated lesions (BAV)...
April 4, 2017: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376314/endogenous-lysophosphatidic-acid-participates-in-vascularisation-and-decidualisation-at-the-maternal-fetal-interface-in-the-rat
#12
Micaela S Sordelli, Jimena S Beltrame, Elsa Zotta, Natalia Gomez, Ganna Dmytrenko, María Elena Sales, Sandra M Blois, Carlos Davio, Silvina Perez Martinez, Ana M Franchi, María L Ribeiro
Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) affects several female reproductive functions through G-protein-coupled receptors. LPA contributes to embryo implantation via the lysophospholipid LPA3 receptor. In the present study we investigated the participation of endogenous LPA signalling through the LPA3 receptor in vascularisation and decidualisation, two crucial events at the maternal-fetal interface. Pregnant rats were treated with diacylglycerol pyrophosphate (DGPP), a highly selective antagonist of LPA3 receptors, on Day 5 of gestation...
April 5, 2017: Reproduction, Fertility, and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375677/cardiopulmonary-exercise-testing-in-adult-congenital-heart-disease
#13
Valentina Mantegazza, Anna Apostolo, Alfred Hager
Recently, the number of patients with congenital heart diseases reaching adulthood has been progressively increasing in developed countries and new issues are emerging regarding them: the evaluation of their capacity to cope with physical activity, and whether this knowledge can be used to optimize medical management. A symptom-limited cardiopulmonary exercise test has proven to be an essential tool because it can objectively evaluate the functional cardiovascular capacity of these patients, identify the pathological mechanisms of the defect (circulatory failure, shunts, pulmonary hypertension) and help prescribe an individualized rehabilitation program when needed...
April 4, 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372492/prenatally-diagnosed-congenital-portosystemic-shunts
#14
Bérengère Francois, Alain Lachaux, Fréderic Gottrand, Stéphanie De Smet
AIM: Congenital portosystemic shunts (CPSS) are rare, congenital malformations that are increasingly often discovered during the fetal period, and for which, the manifestations and evolution are poorly understood. The objective of this review is to describe the phenotype and evolution of forms diagnosed in the antenatal period. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a systematic review of the literature cited in Pubmed between 1982 and 2016 for CPSS cases diagnosed during the fetal period...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359016/reconstruction-of-mandible-a-fully-digital-workflow-from-visualized-iliac-bone-grafting-to-implant-restoration
#15
Taoran Tian, Tao Zhang, Quanquan Ma, Qi Zhang, Xiaoxiao Cai
PURPOSE: Although digital aids can help surgeons compensate for the shortcomings of traditional mandibular reconstruction techniques to perform surgery more precisely and effectively, the use of these digital techniques has often been fragmented, divided, and incomplete. This article describes the workflow of a fully digital mandibular reconstruction to explore the proper indications and discusses innovations based on the accuracy and effectiveness of digital techniques. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A restoration-oriented mandibular reconstruction was performed by applying different digital techniques...
March 7, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356686/evaluating-the-use-of-octyl-2-cyanoacrylate-in-unilateral-cleft-lip-repair
#16
Vijaylaxmy Malhotra, J K Dayashankara Rao, Varun Arya, Shalender Sharma, Sushil Singh, Payal Luthra
BACKGROUND: Facial cosmetic results are one of the most concerning issues for the parents who get their children operated for cleft lip. Moreover, the postoperative care of the surgical site, the discomfort associated with the suture removal, and additional visit for suture removal are other reasons which encourages one to use any new technologies that may replace the need for suture placement. In this study, we used octyl-2-cyanoacrylate, a tissue adhesive which offers a viable alternative to traditional techniques without compromising optimal wound closure...
July 2016: National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356265/programmatic-approach-to-management-of-tetralogy-of-fallot-with-major-aortopulmonary-collateral-arteries-a-15-year-experience-with-458-patients
#17
Holly Bauser-Heaton, Alejandro Borquez, Brian Han, Michael Ladd, Ritu Asija, Laura Downey, Andrew Koth, Claudia A Algaze, Lisa Wise-Faberowski, Stanton B Perry, Andrew Shin, Lynn F Peng, Frank L Hanley, Doff B McElhinney
BACKGROUND: Tetralogy of Fallot with major aortopulmonary collateral arteries is a complex and heterogeneous condition. Our institutional approach to this lesion emphasizes early complete repair with the incorporation of all lung segments and extensive lobar and segmental pulmonary artery reconstruction. METHODS AND RESULTS: We reviewed all patients who underwent surgical intervention for tetralogy of Fallot and major aortopulmonary collateral arteries at Lucile Packard Children's Hospital Stanford (LPCHS) since November 2001...
April 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348475/giant-intrahepatic-portal-vein-aneurysm-leave-it-or-treat-it
#18
Amit Shrivastava, Jagdeesh S Rampal, D Nageshwar Reddy
Portal vein aneurysm (PVA) is a rare vascular dilatation of the portal vein. It is a rare vascular anomaly representing less than 3% of all visceral aneurysms and is not well understood. Usually, PVA are incidental findings, are asymptomatic, and clinical symptoms are proportionally related to size. Patients present with nonspecific epigastric pain or gastrointestinal bleeding with underlying portal hypertension. PVA may be associated with various complications such as biliary tract compression, portal vein thrombosis/rupture, duodenal compression, gastrointestinal bleeding, and inferior vena cava obstruction...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347892/transcranial-evacuation-of-atypical-progressive-supradiaphragmatic-hematoma-after-transsphenoidal-complete-resection-of-pituitary-adenoma
#19
Hussam Metwali, Rudolf Fahlbusch
OBJECTIVE: Supradiaphragmatic hematoma is a special type of hematomas after transsphenoidal resection (TS) of pituitary adenoma that required special management. METHODS: two patients suffered from symptomatic supradiaphragmatic hematomas after TS total resection of pituitary adenomas in the absence of vascular anomalies. Both patients also developed hydrocephalus at the time of diagnosis of the hematoma. The initial endoscopic endonasal inspection revealed the absence of subdiaphragmatic bleeding...
March 24, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346897/absence-of-the-right-common-carotid-artery-a-rare-case-without-separate-origins-of-the-internal-and-external-carotid-arteries
#20
Gretchen Quinones, Ashok Srinivasan
Absence of the common carotid artery (CCA) is a rare anomaly. In the few cases described in the literature, it has been typically associated with separate origins of the internal carotid artery (ICA) and external carotid artery (ECA) Fife (1921), Boyd (1934), Rossiti and Raininko (2001), Cerase et al. (2009), Drazin et al. (2010), Yim et al. (2009), Monaco et al. (2009), Jerius et al. (1995), Dahn et al. (1999), Cakirer et al. (2002), Choi et al. (2015), Bryan et al. (1978), Horowitz et al. (2003), Roberts and Gerald (1978), Rajeshwari (2013), Purkayastha et al...
March 15, 2017: Clinical Imaging
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