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gastroenterology and hepatology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133255/high-prevalence-of-barrett-s-esophagus-and-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-after-repair-of-esophageal-atresia
#1
Floor W T Vergouwe, Hanneke IJsselstijn, Katharina Biermann, Nicole S Erler, René M H Wijnen, Marco J Bruno, Manon C W Spaander
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Esophageal atresia is rare, but improved surgical and intensive care techniques have increased rates of survival in children, so there are now many adults with this disorder. Many patients with esophageal atresia develop gastroesophageal reflux (GER), raising concerns about increased risk of Barrett's esophagus (BE; prevalence of 1.3%-1.6% in general population) and esophageal carcinoma. We assessed the prevalence of BE and esophageal carcinoma in this population. METHODS: We performed a prospective study of 289 patients with esophageal atresia at the Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology at Erasmus MC University Medical Center in The Netherlands, from May 2012 through March 2017...
November 10, 2017: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132760/hepatitis-c-in-sub-saharan-africa-the-current-status-and-recommendations-for-achieving-elimination-by-2030
#2
REVIEW
Mark W Sonderup, Mary Afihene, Reidwaan Ally, Betty Apica, Yaw Awuku, Lina Cunha, Geoffrey Dusheiko, Neliswa Gogela, Marie-Jeanne Lohouès-Kouacou, Phillip Lam, Olufunmilayo Lesi, Papa Saliou Mbaye, Emmanuel Musabeyezu, Betty Musau, Olesegun Ojo, John Rwegasha, Barbara Scholz, Abate B Shewaye, Christian Tzeuton, Chris Kassianides, C Wendy Spearman
In 2016, WHO adopted a strategy for the elimination of viral hepatitis by 2030. Africa, and more specifically, sub-Saharan Africa, carries a substantial portion of the global burden of viral hepatitis, especially chronic hepatitis B and hepatitis C virus infections. The task that lies ahead for sub-Saharan Africa to achieve elimination is substantial, but not insurmountable. Major developments in the management of hepatitis C have put elimination within reach, but several difficulties will need to be navigated on the path to elimination...
December 2017: Lancet. Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132759/hepatitis-b-in-sub-saharan-africa-strategies-to-achieve-the-2030-elimination-targets
#3
REVIEW
C Wendy Spearman, Mary Afihene, Reidwaan Ally, Betty Apica, Yaw Awuku, Lina Cunha, Geoffrey Dusheiko, Neliswa Gogela, Chris Kassianides, Michael Kew, Philip Lam, Olufunmilayo Lesi, Marie-Jeanne Lohouès-Kouacou, Papa Saliou Mbaye, Emmanuel Musabeyezu, Betty Musau, Olusegun Ojo, John Rwegasha, Barbara Scholz, Abate B Shewaye, Christian Tzeuton, Mark W Sonderup
The WHO global health sector strategy on viral hepatitis, created in May, 2016, aims to achieve a 90% reduction in new cases of chronic hepatitis B and C and a 65% reduction in mortality due to hepatitis B and C by 2030. Hepatitis B virus (HBV) is endemic in sub-Saharan Africa, and despite the introduction of universal hepatitis B vaccination and effective antiviral therapy, the estimated overall seroprevalence of hepatitis B surface antigen remains high at 6·1% (95% uncertainty interval 4·6-8·5). In this Series paper, we have reviewed the literature to examine the epidemiology, burden of liver disease, and elimination strategies of hepatitis B in sub-Saharan Africa...
December 2017: Lancet. Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122851/guidelines-on-the-management-of-abnormal-liver-blood-tests
#4
Philip N Newsome, Rob Cramb, Suzanne M Davison, John F Dillon, Mark Foulerton, Edmund M Godfrey, Richard Hall, Ulrike Harrower, Mark Hudson, Andrew Langford, Anne Mackie, Robert Mitchell-Thain, Karen Sennett, Nicholas C Sheron, Julia Verne, Martine Walmsley, Andrew Yeoman
These updated guidelines on the management of abnormal liver blood tests have been commissioned by the Clinical Services and Standards Committee (CSSC) of the British Society of Gastroenterology (BSG) under the auspices of the liver section of the BSG. The original guidelines, which this document supersedes, were written in 2000 and have undergone extensive revision by members of the Guidelines Development Group (GDG). The GDG comprises representatives from patient/carer groups (British Liver Trust, Liver4life, PBC Foundation and PSC Support), elected members of the BSG liver section (including representatives from Scotland and Wales), British Association for the Study of the Liver (BASL), Specialist Advisory Committee in Clinical Biochemistry/Royal College of Pathology and Association for Clinical Biochemistry, British Society of Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition (BSPGHAN), Public Health England (implementation and screening), Royal College of General Practice, British Society of Gastrointestinal and Abdominal Radiologists (BSGAR) and Society of Acute Medicine...
November 9, 2017: Gut
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113094/pediatric-chronic-intestinal-failure-in-italy-report-from-the-2016-survey-on-behalf-of-italian-society-for-gastroenterology-hepatology-and-nutrition-sigenp
#5
Antonella Diamanti, Teresa Capriati, Paolo Gandullia, Grazia Di Leo, Antonella Lezo, Laura Lacitignola, Maria Immacolata Spagnuolo, Simona Gatti, Lorenzo D'Antiga, Giovanna Verlato, Paola Roggero, Sergio Amarri, Maria Elisabetta Baldassarre, Francesco Cirillo, Domenica Elia, Renata Boldrini, Angelo Campanozzi, Carlo Catassi, Marina Aloi, Claudio Romano, Manila Candusso, Nicola Cecchi, Tommaso Bellini, Elaine Tyndall, Fabio Fusaro, Tamara Caldaro, Daniele Alberti, Piergiorgio Gamba, Mario Lima, Pietro Bagolan, Jean De Ville de Goyet, Luigi Dall'Oglio, Marco Spada, Francesca Grandi
BACKGROUND: Intestinal failure (IF) is the reduction in functioning gut mass below the minimal level necessary for adequate digestion and absorption of nutrients and fluids for weight maintenance in adults or for growth in children. There is a paucity of epidemiologic data on pediatric IF. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence, incidence, regional distribution and underlying diagnosis of pediatric chronic IF (CIF) requiring home parenteral nutrition (HPN) in Italy...
November 5, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107657/alcohol-related-deaths-will-go-uncounted-in-new-uk-scheme
#6
EDITORIAL
The Lancet Gastroenterology Hepatology
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Lancet. Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095351/young-child-formula-a-position-paper-by-the-espghan-committee-on-nutrition
#7
Iva Hojsak, Jiri Bronsky, Cristina Campoy, Magnus Domellöf, Nicholas Embleton, Nataša Fidler Mis, Jessie Hulst, Flavia Indrio, Alexandre Lapillonne, Christian Molgaard, Rakesh Vora, Mary Fewtrell
Young child formulae (YCF) are milk-based drinks or plant protein-based formulae intended to partially satisfy the nutritional requirements of young children ages 1 to 3 years. Although widely available on the market, their composition is, however, not strictly regulated and health effects have not been systematically studied. Therefore, the European Society for Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition (ESPGHAN) Committee on Nutrition (CoN) performed a systematic review of the literature to review the composition of YCF and consider their role in the diet of young children...
October 31, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069254/accuracy-of-transient-elastography-fibroscan%C3%A2-acoustic-radiation-force-impulse-arfi-imaging-the-enhanced-liver-fibrosis-elf-test-apri-and-the-fib-4-index-compared-with-liver-biopsy-in-patients-with-chronic-hepatitis-c
#8
Taisa Grotta Ragazzo, Denise Paranagua-Vezozzo, Fabiana Roberto Lima, Daniel Ferraz de Campos Mazo, Mário Guimarães Pessoa, Claudia Pinto Oliveira, Venancio Avancini Ferreira Alves, Flair José Carrilho
OBJECTIVES: Although liver biopsy is the gold standard for determining the degree of liver fibrosis, issues regarding its invasiveness and the small amount of liver tissue evaluated can limit its applicability and interpretation in clinical practice. Non-invasive evaluation methods for liver fibrosis can address some of these limitations. The aim of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of transient elastography-FibroScan®, acoustic radiation force impulse (ARFI), enhanced liver fibrosis (ELF), the aspartate aminotransferase-to-platelet ratio index (APRI), and the FIB-4 index compared with liver biopsy in hepatitis C...
October 2017: Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063233/austrian-consensus-guidelines-on-the-management-and-treatment-of-portal-hypertension-billroth%C3%A2-iii
#9
Thomas Reiberger, Andreas Püspök, Maria Schoder, Franziska Baumann-Durchschein, Theresa Bucsics, Christian Datz, Werner Dolak, Arnulf Ferlitsch, Armin Finkenstedt, Ivo Graziadei, Stephanie Hametner, Franz Karnel, Elisabeth Krones, Andreas Maieron, Mattias Mandorfer, Markus Peck-Radosavljevic, Florian Rainer, Philipp Schwabl, Vanessa Stadlbauer, Rudolf Stauber, Herbert Tilg, Michael Trauner, Heinz Zoller, Rainer Schöfl, Peter Fickert
The Billroth III guidelines were developed during a consensus meeting of the Austrian Society of Gastroenterology and Hepatology (ÖGGH) and the Austrian Society of Interventional Radiology (ÖGIR) held on 18 February 2017 in Vienna. Based on international guidelines and considering recent landmark studies, the Billroth III recommendations aim to help physicians in guiding diagnostic and therapeutic strategies in patients with portal hypertension.
October 23, 2017: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059122/response-to-the-letters-regarding-the-north-american-society-of-pediatric-gastroenterology-hepatology-and-nutrition-nafld-guidelines
#10
Miriam B Vos, Stephanie H Abrams, Sarah E Barlow, Sonia Caprio, Stephen R Daniels, Rohit Kohli, Marialena Mouzaki, Pushpa Sathya, Jeffery B Schwimmer, Shikha S Sundaram, Stavra A Xanthakos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048383/is-there-a-causal-relationship-between-intussusception-and-food-allergy
#11
Emrah Aydin, Omer F Beşer, Esra Ozek, Soner Sazak, Ensar Duras
Although intussusception and food allergy are common health problems in childhood, the relation between these two diseases remain obscure. The aim of this study is to investigate the relationship between food allergy and intussusception, and the factors associated with both. Patients diagnosed with intussusception by the Brighton Collaboration Intussusception Working Group criteria were prospectively investigated for food allergy per the European Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition (ESPGHAN) Guideline...
October 19, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017706/improving-uptake-of-colorectal-cancer-screening
#12
EDITORIAL
The Lancet Gastroenterology Hepatology
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Lancet. Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28968008/-profile-of-gastrointestinal-diseases-in-a-pediatric-gastroenterology-center-in-colombia-15-years-of-follow-up
#13
Wilson Daza, Silvana Dadan, Michelle Higuera
INTRODUCTION: The profile of gastrointestinal diseases is constantly changing globally and locally affecting suspected diagnosis and medical methods. OBJECTIVE: To establish the main diagnoses in a gastroenterology, hepatology, and pediatric nutrition unit in Bogota between 2009 and 2013, and to compare with findings from the same unit during the two prior five-year periods (1997 to 2006). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective descriptive study...
September 1, 2017: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28957985/evidence-supporting-serology-based-pathway-for-diagnosing-coeliac-disease-in-asymptomatic-children-from-high-risk-groups
#14
Siba Prosad Paul, Bhupinder Kaur Sandhu, Christine Helen Spray, Dharamveer Basude, Pramila Ramani
OBJECTIVE: The European Society for Paediatric Gastroenterology Hepatology and Nutrition (ESPGHAN) guidelines for diagnosing coeliac disease (CD) in children were modified in 2012. They recommend that in symptomatic children with anti-tissue transglutaminase antibody (anti-tTG) titre of greater than 10-times upper limit of normal (>10xULN) and who have positive anti-endomysial antibody and HLA-DQ2/DQ8 haplotype, the diagnosis of CD can be based on serology. Aim of this study is to establish whether serology-based pathway of the ESPGHAN guidelines could also be reliably applied to asymptomatic children from high-risk groups...
September 27, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28950706/efficacy-of-a-point-of-care-test-based-on-deamidated-gliadin-peptides-for-the-detection-of-celiac-disease-in-pediatric-patients
#15
Isabel Polanco, Thabata Koester Weber, Eva Martínez-Ojinaga, Manuel Molina, Jesús Sarria
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to assess the effectiveness of a point-of-care test (POCT) based on deamidated gliadin peptides (DGP) compared to the European Society for Paediatric Gastroenterology Hepatology and Nutrition (ESPGHAN) criteria diagnosis in the early detection of celiac disease (CD) in pediatric patients. METHODS: One hundred children (≤ 18 years) with suspected CD were selected, including siblings of celiac children that underwent gastroscopy for other gastrointestinal conditions...
November 2017: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932925/hepatic-complications-of-anorexia-nervosa
#16
REVIEW
Elissa Rosen, Neeru Bakshi, Ashlie Watters, Hugo R Rosen, Philip S Mehler
Anorexia nervosa (AN) has the highest mortality rate of all psychiatric illnesses due to the widespread organ dysfunction caused by the underlying severe malnutrition. Starvation causes hepatocyte injury and death leading to a rise in aminotransferases. Malnutrition-induced hepatitis is common among individuals with AN especially as body mass index decreases. Acute liver failure associated with coagulopathy and encephalopathy can rarely occur. Liver enzymes may also less commonly increase as part of the refeeding process due to hepatic steatosis and can be distinguished from starvation hepatitis by the finding of a fatty liver on ultrasonography...
November 2017: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927776/-gluten-is-the-information-available-on-the-internet-valid
#17
T Banti, L Fievet, A Fabre
BACKGROUND: Internet provides easy access to health information, but the quality and validity of this information vary. OBJECTIVES: Evaluate the quality of website structures and the information provided on celiac disease (CD), gluten sensitivity (GS), and wheat allergy (WA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The websites addressing CD, GS, and WA appearing on the first two pages of Google, Yahoo, and Bing from seven selected queries were investigated...
September 15, 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927657/endoscopic-training-a-nationwide-survey-of-french-fellows-in-gastroenterology
#18
Aurélien Amiot, Guillaume Conroy, Yann Le Baleur, Jérôme Winkler, Maxime Palazzo, Xavier Treton
BACKGROUND: During their 4 years of training, French fellows in gastroenterology should acquire theoretical and practical competency in gastrointestinal (GI) endoscopy. AIMS: To evaluate the delivery of endoscopy training to French GI fellows and perception of learning. METHODS: A nationwide electronic survey was carried out of French GI fellows using an anonymous, 17-item electronic questionnaire. RESULTS: A total of 291 out of 484 (60%) GI fellows responded to the survey...
September 15, 2017: Clinics and Research in Hepatology and Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922445/position-paper-on-treatment-of-hepatitis-c-in-romania-2017-part-two
#19
Liana Gheorghe, Ioan Sporea, Speranta Iacob, Roxana Sirli, Anca Trifan, Mircea Diculescu, Carol Stanciu, Oliviu Pascu, Monica Acalovschi, Ciprian Brisc, Cristina Cijevschi, Cristian Gheorghe, Zeno Spârchez, Ion Rogoveanu, Daniela Dobru, Dan L Dumitrascu
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is a common condition with endemic prevalence in some areas of the world. In Romania, the mean prevalence is about 3%. New treatments have become available on the market in recent years and new drugs are in the pipeline. A re-evaluation of HCV therapy was considered mandatory. The Romanian Society of Gastroenterology and Hepatology undertook this task for the practitioners of this country. METHODOLOGY: A group of recognized experts was created who screened the available literature and the major available guidelines...
September 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal and Liver Diseases: JGLD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922262/sugar-in-infants-children-and-adolescents-a-position-paper-of-the-european-society-for-paediatric-gastroenterology-hepatology-and-nutrition-committee-on-nutrition
#20
Nataša Fidler Mis, Christian Braegger, Jiri Bronsky, Cristina Campoy, Magnus Domellöf, Nicholas D Embleton, Iva Hojsak, Jessie Hulst, Flavia Indrio, Alexandre Lapillonne, Walter Mihatsch, Christian Molgaard, Rakesh Vora, Mary Fewtrell
The consumption of sugars, particularly sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs; beverages or drinks that contain added caloric sweeteners (i.e. sucrose, high-fructose corn syrup, fruit-juice concentrates), in European children and adolescents exceeds current recommendations. This is of concern because there is no nutritional requirement for free sugars, and infants have an innate preference for sweet taste, which may be modified and reinforced by pre- and postnatal exposures. Sugar containing beverages/free sugars increase the risk for overweight/obesity and dental caries, can result in poor nutrient supply and reduced dietary diversity and may be associated with increased risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular risk, and other health effects...
September 16, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
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