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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221689/jgh-open-a-new-open-access-journal-for-gastroenterology-and-hepatology
#1
EDITORIAL
M Robertson, M Watanabe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217756/translational-gastroenterology-and-hepatology-is-now-indexed-in-pubmed-pmc-a-tremendous-step-forward
#2
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Transl Gastroenterol Hepatol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216189/rotavirus-immunization-global-coverage-and-local-barriers-for-implementation
#3
Andrea Lo Vecchio, Ilaria Liguoro, Jorge Amil Dias, James A Berkley, Chris Boey, Mitchell B Cohen, Sylvia Cruchet, Eduardo Salazar-Lindo, Samir Podder, Bhupinder Sandhu, Philip M Sherman, Toshiaki Shimizu, Alfredo Guarino
BACKGROUND: Rotavirus (RV) is a major agent of gastroenteritis and an important cause of child death worldwide. Immunization (RVI) has been available since 2006, and the Federation of International Societies of Gastroenterology Hepatology and Nutrition (FISPGHAN) identified RVI as a top priority for the control of diarrheal illness. A FISPGHAN working group on acute diarrhea aimed at estimating the current RVI coverage worldwide and identifying barriers to implementation at local level...
February 16, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177956/optimizing-the-diagnosis-of-celiac-disease
#4
Michelle Shui Yee Lau, David Surendran Sanders
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The diagnostic approach in celiac disease is continuously evolving as our understanding of its pathophysiology improves. This review aims to provide a summary of contemporary work that supports optimization of the diagnosis of this common yet underdiagnosed condition. RECENT FINDINGS: The recently updated National Institute of Clinical Excellence and European Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition guidelines and the contentious biopsy-free diagnostic approach will be discussed...
February 7, 2017: Current Opinion in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176238/vitamin-d-status-in-patients-with-cirrhosis-of-the-liver-and-their-relatives-a-case-control-study-from-north-india
#5
Ravikant Kumar, Pavan Kumar, Kandarp Nath Saxena, Manjul Mishra, Vivek Kumar Mishra, Anju Kumari, Manisha Dwivedi, Sri Prakash Misra
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Liver diseases interfere with the production of the metabolites of vitamin D required for activation, thus resulting in abnormal calcium and bone metabolism. Previous studies show inconsistent results of vitamin D level in non-cholestatic liver diseases. Our aim was to determine the prevalence of vitamin D insufficiency in cirrhosis as compared to apparently normal relatives and its relationship with etiology and severity. METHODS: One hundred and sixty cirrhotic patients attending the Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, M L N Medical College, Allahabad, were enrolled, and 25-hydroxy vitamin D [25(OH)D] and calcium levels assessed...
February 8, 2017: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28147426/-spontaneous-bacterial-peritonitis
#6
Ľubomír Skladaný, Silvia Kasová, Anna Purgelová, Natália Bystrianska, Svetlana Adamcová-Selčanová
AIM OF STUDY: Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) is the most frequent infectious complication of liver cirrhosis with serious consequences. Initially, SBP is always treated with empirical, not targeted, antibiotic therapy. Since a retrospective study performed in our department showed suboptimal effectiveness (only 40 %) of empirical antibiotic therapy in accordance with the EASL guidelines, a decision was made to change the protocol. The aims of this prospective study were to determine: (1) the incidence and characteristics of SBP in real clinical practice - in a liver unit of a tertiary hospital, (2) the effectiveness of new antibiotic therapy selected based on analysis of the spectrum of pathogens and their resistance to antibiotics as identified in a retrospective cohort study on SBP carried out in our department, (3) mortality, and to compare these findings with the literature data...
December 2016: Klinická Mikrobiologie a Infekc̆ní Lékar̆ství
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139500/variation-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease-care-among-saudi-pediatric-gastroenterologists
#7
Ahmed A Al-Sarkhy
BACKGROUND/AIM: Although international guidelines in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) management are currently available, variations in IBD care still exist. The aim of this study was to determine the extent of the variation in IBD care among Saudi pediatric gastroenterologists. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among all pediatric gastroenterologists who were members of the Saudi Society of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition (SASPGHAN) from August 2015 to December 2015...
January 2017: Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Saudi Gastroenterology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125406/the-association-between-chronic-pancreatitis-and-the-inos-2087a-g-polymorphism
#8
V Pădureanu, Anca Ştefania Enescu, Isabela Siloşi, Maria Forţofoiu, Aurelia Enescu, Maria Bogdan, M C Forţofoiu, Amelia Genunche Dumitrescu, Diana Rodica Tudorascu, A Mita, Ioana Streata, M Ioana, F Petrescu, A Săftoiu
Chronic pancreatitis is morphologically characterized by ductal dysplasia, breeding grounds for the proliferation of the ductal cells, the degenerative changes in pancreatic acinar cells and fibrosis, and it is defined on the basis of the clinical, morphological and functional criteria. The aim of our study is to examine the existence of a possible correlation between the iNOS-2087A>G polymorphism and chronic pancreatitis by means of the genetic analysis. We have conducted the study at the Gastroenterology Clinic and the Research Center of Gastroenterology and Hepatology of the University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Craiova, between March 2015 - September 2016...
January 25, 2017: Romanian Journal of Internal Medicine, Revue Roumaine de Médecine Interne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107283/naspghan-clinical-practice-guideline-for-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-in-children-recommendations-from-the-expert-committee-on-nafld-econ-and-the-north-american-society-of-pediatric-gastroenterology-hepatology-and-nutrition
#9
Miriam B Vos, Stephanie H Abrams, Sarah E Barlow, Sonia Caprio, Stephen R Daniels, Rohit Kohli, Marialena Mouzaki, Pushpa Sathya, Jeffrey B Schwimmer, Shikha S Sundaram, Stavra A Xanthakos
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a highly prevalent chronic liver disease that occurs in the setting of insulin resistance and increased adiposity. It has rapidly evolved into the most common liver disease seen in the pediatric population and is a management challenge for general pediatric practitioners, subspecialists, and for health systems. In this guideline, the expert committee on NAFLD reviewed and summarized the available literature, formulating recommendations to guide screening and clinical care of children with NAFLD...
February 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090467/early-infant-feeding-practices-may-influence-the-onset-of-symptomatic-celiac-disease
#10
Shailja Vajpayee, Shiv Dayal Sharma, Rajkumar Gupta, Alok Goyal, Aakash Sharma
PURPOSE: To study whether breastfeeding and breastfeeding status during gluten introduction influences the age at diagnosis of celiac disease (CD). In addition to study, whether the timing of gluten introduction influences the age at diagnosis of CD. METHODS: It was a hospital based observational study. Total 198 patients diagnosed with CD as per modified European Society of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition (2012) criteria, aged between 6 months to 6 years were included...
December 2016: Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089429/diagnosis-and-quantification-of-fibrosis-steatosis-and-hepatic-siderosis-through-multiparametric-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#11
M Stoopen-Rometti, E R Encinas-Escobar, C R Ramirez-Carmona, E Wolpert-Barraza, E Kimura-Hayama, L A Sosa-Lozano, R Favila, Y Kimura-Fujikami, J A Saavedra-Abril, A Loaeza-Del Castillo
BACKGROUND: The presence of liver fibrosis is the common denominator in numerous chronic liver diseases that can progress to fibrosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. Most important, with respect to frequency, are viral hepatitis and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, the prevalence of which is increasing in epidemic proportions. Liver biopsy, albeit imperfect, continues to be the criterion standard, but in many clinical situations tends to be replaced with noninvasive imaging methods. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present article was to describe our imaging department experience with magnetic resonance elastography and to analyze and discuss recently published results in gastroenterology, hepatology, and radiology from other authors in the literature, complemented with a PubMed search covering the last 10 years...
January 2017: Revista de Gastroenterología de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070199/performance-and-utility-of-transient-elastography-and-non-invasive-markers-of-liver-fiibrosis-in-patients-with-autoimmune-hepatitis-a-single-centre-experience
#12
Olympia E Anastasiou, Matthias Büchter, Hideo A Baba, Johannes Korth, Ali Canbay, Guido Gerken, Alisan Kahraman
OBJECTIVES: Autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) is a relatively rare cause of hepatic dysfunction, which can lead to acute liver failure (ALV) and cirrhosis if not treated. The performance of transient elastography (TE) compared to liver biopsy has been evaluated in many liver diseases. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the performance of TE and other non-invasive markers for liver fiibrosis in patients with biopsy-proven AIH. METHODS: Fifty-three patients who were treated at the department of gastroenterology and hepatology of the University Clinic Essen from 2008 to 2013 included in this retrospective study...
November 2016: Hepatitis Monthly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069744/coeliac-disease-screening-is-suboptimal-in-a-tertiary-gastroenterology-setting
#13
Heba Iskandar, Darrell M Gray, Hongha Vu, Faiz Mirza, Mary Katherine Rude, Kara Regan, Adil Abdalla, Srinivas Gaddam, Sami Almaskeen, Michael Mello, Evelyn Marquez, Claire Meyer, Ahmed Bolkhir, Navya Kanuri, Gregory Sayuk, C Prakash Gyawali
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Coeliac disease (CD) is widely prevalent in North America, but case-finding techniques currently used may not be adequate for patient identification. We aimed to determine the adequacy of CD screening in an academic gastroenterology (GI) practice. METHODS: Consecutive initial visits to a tertiary academic GI practice were surveyed over a 3-month period as a fellow-initiated quality improvement project. All electronic records were reviewed to look for indications for CD screening according to published guidelines...
January 9, 2017: Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039141/genotyping-of-coeliac-specific-human-leucocyte-antigen-in-children-with-type-1-diabetes-does-this-screening-method-make-sense
#14
Elisabeth Binder, Martina Loinger, Annelies Mühlbacher, Michael Edlinger, Elisabeth Steichen, Dagmar Meraner, Lorin Loacker, Guenter Weigel, Thomas Müller, Elke Fröhlich-Reiterer, Sabine E Hofer
OBJECTIVES: Due to a high linkage disequilibrium of diabetes and coeliac-specific human leucocyte antigen (HLA) genotypes, the prevalence of coeliac disease (CD) in children and adolescents with diabetes mellitus type 1 (T1D) is much higher than in the general population. Recently, the European Society for Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition (ESPGHAN) revised new screening guidelines in which genotyping for coeliac-specific HLA alleles is recommended for high-risk patients as patients with T1D...
December 30, 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028951/increased-expression-of-tlr4-and-tlr7-but-not-prolactin-mrna-by-peripheral-blood-monocytes-in-active-celiac-disease
#15
Iva Brynychova, Iva Hoffmanova, Milos Dvorak, Pavlina Dankova
BACKGROUND: Celiac disease (CD) is an organ-specific autoimmune disease, and both adaptive and innate immunity are involved in its development. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to determine whether the markers of intestinal mucosal inflammation in CD can be detected in peripheral blood monocytes (PBMs), and whether the immune properties of PBMs change as the clinical signs and symptoms of CD improve after the introduction of a gluten-free diet (GFD). The focus was on changes in mRNA expression of selected toll-like receptors (TLR2, TLR4, TLR7), stress cytokine prolactin (PRL), and proand anti-inflammatory cytokines (TNF-α, IL-6, IL-12, IL-10) in PBMs...
September 2016: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027215/complementary-feeding-a-position-paper-by-the-european-society-for-paediatric-gastroenterology-hepatology-and-nutrition-espghan-committee-on-nutrition
#16
Mary Fewtrell, Jiri Bronsky, Cristina Campoy, Magnus Domellöf, Nicholas Embleton, Nataša Fidler Mis, Iva Hojsak, Jessie M Hulst, Flavia Indrio, Alexandre Lapillonne, Christian Molgaard
: This position paper considers different aspects of complementary feeding (CF), focussing on healthy term infants in Europe. After reviewing current knowledge and practices, we have formulated these recommendations: Timing: Exclusive or full breast-feeding should be promoted for at least 4 months (17 weeks, beginning of the 5th month of life) and exclusive or predominant breast-feeding for approximately 6 months (26 weeks, beginning of the 7th month) is a desirable goal. Complementary foods (solids and liquids other than breast milk or infant formula) should not be introduced before 4 months but should not be delayed beyond 6 months...
January 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003665/covering-gastroenterology-and-hepatology
#17
EDITORIAL
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Nature Reviews. Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992983/risk-factors-for-hepatitis-c-virus-infection-in-the-colombian-caribbean-coast-a-case-control-study
#18
Ismael de Jesús Yepes, Beatriz Lince, Clara Caez, Giovanni De Vuono
INTRODUCTION: An estimated 6.8-8.9 million people are infected with hepatitis C virus in Latin America, of which less than 1% receives antiviral treatment. Studies so far in Colombia have attempted to determine the prevalence of the disease in some risk groups, thus preventing the identification of other factors potentially involved in the spread of the infection. OBJECTIVES: To identify traditional and non-traditional risk factors for chronic hepatitis C in the Colombian Caribbean coast...
December 1, 2016: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989663/integration-of-telemedicine-into-clinical-gastroenterology-and-hepatology-practice
#19
Raymond K Cross, Sunanda Kane
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 15, 2016: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981310/the-fate-of-abstracts-presented-at-the-2013-and-2014-annual-meetings-of-the-romanian-society-of-gastroenterology-and-hepatology
#20
Anca Trifan, Catalin-Alexandru Chihaia, Oana Tanase, Cristina-Maria Lungu, Carol Stanciu
BACKGROUND: Oral and poster presentations at annual national meetings of the Romanian Society of Gastroenterology and Hepatology (RSGH) provide a forum for education, communication and discussion of new research. However, for the wide-spread dissemination of the new research work, each presentation should be subsequently published as a full-text article in peer-reviewed, indexed journals. AIM: to evaluate the publication rate of full-text articles in peer-reviewed journals after being first presented as abstracts at two consecutive RSGH annual meetings...
December 2016: Journal of Gastrointestinal and Liver Diseases: JGLD
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