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gastroenterology and hepatology

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October 2016: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
L Rodriguez, M Sood, C Di Lorenzo, M Saps
BACKGROUND: Over the last few years, the study of the colon and anorectal function has experienced great technical advances that have facilitated the performance of the tests and have allowed a more detailed characterization of reflexes and motor patterns. As a result, we have achieved a much better understanding of the pathophysiology of children with defecation problems. Anorectal and colonic manometry are now commonly used in all major pediatric referral centers as diagnostic tools and to guide the management of children with intractable constipation and fecal incontinence, particularly when a surgical intervention is being considered...
October 9, 2016: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
Giorgio Maria Saracco, Andrea Evangelista, Sharmila Fagoonee, Giovannino Ciccone, Elisabetta Bugianesi, Gian Paolo Caviglia, Maria Lorena Abate, Mario Rizzetto, Rinaldo Pellicano, Antonina Smedile
AIM: To assess the etiology of chronic liver diseases (CLD) from 1998 to 2014 at the outpatient clinic of Gastroenterology of the main hospital in Northwest of Italy among those dedicated to hepatology. METHODS: A random sample of charts of patients referred to for increased liver enzymes between January 1998 and December 2006, and between January 2012 and December 2014 were reviewed. Etiology search included testing for hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV), autoimmune hepatitis, primary biliary cirrhosis, Wilson's disease and hereditary hemocromatosis...
September 28, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
Robert J Wong
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 22, 2016: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
Hojka G Kumperscak, Ziva K Rebec, Sanja Sobocan, Valerija T Fras, Jernej Dolinsek
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the present study was to examine the prevalence of celiac disease (CD) in children and adolescents with ADHD. METHOD: In all, 102 participants between 4 and 18 years of age diagnosed with ADHD participated in the study (M = 12.8 years; 84 boys and 18 girls). CD was diagnosed according to the adapted guidelines of the European Society for Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition (ESPHGAN). RESULTS: Among 102 tested children and teenagers with ADHD, we did not find anyone with suspected CD, so further diagnostic procedures for CD were not indicated...
September 19, 2016: Journal of Attention Disorders
Joel A Friedlander, Quin Y Liu, Benjamin Sahn, Koorosh Kooros, Catharine M Walsh, Robert E Kramer, Jenifer R Lightdale, Julie Khlevner, Mark McOmber, Jacob Kurowski, Matthew J Giefer, Harpreet Pall, David M Troendle, Elizabeth C Utterson, Herbert Brill, George M Zacur, Richard A Lirio, Diana G Lerner, Carrie Reynolds, Troy E Gibbons, Michael Wilsey, Chris A Liacouras, Douglas S Fishman
Wireless capsule endoscopy (CE) was introduced in 2000 as a less invasive method to visualize the distal small bowel in adults. As this technology has advanced it has been adapted for use in pediatric gastroenterology. Several studies have described its clinical use, utility, and various training methods but pediatric literature regarding capsule endoscopy is limited. This clinical report developed by the Endoscopic and Procedures Committee of the North American Society of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition outlines the current literature, and describes the recommended current role, use, training, and future areas of research for CE in pediatrics...
September 16, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
Mark W Russo, Ayman Koteish, Michael Fuchs, Gautham Reddy, Oren Fix
The field of hepatology has experienced dramatic changes since the last workforce study in hepatology over 15 years ago. Hepatology practice has been dominated by hepatitis C but is now being overtaken by patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. Expertise once attainable only through informal training, hepatology now has an accredited fellowship pathway and is recognized as a distinct discipline from gastroenterology with its own board certification. These changes that have occurred since the last workforce study in the prevalence and therapy of liver diseases and training may impact workforce needs...
September 15, 2016: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
Mike Thomson, Andrea Tringali, Rosario Landi, Jean-Marc Dumonceau, Marta Tavares, Jorge Amil-Dias, Marc Benninga, Merit M Tabbers, Raoul Furlano, Manon Spaander, Cesare Hassan, Christos Tzvinikos, Hanneke Ijsselstijn, Jérôme Viala, Luigi Dall'Oglio, Rok Orel, Yvan Vandenplas, Radan Keil, Štěpán Hlava, Claudio Romano, Eva Brownstone, Patrick Gerner, Werner Dolak, Wolf Dietrich Huber, Simon Everett, Andreas Vecsei, Lars Aabakken, Alessandro Zambelli
This Guideline refers to infants, children and adolescents aged 0-18 years. The areas covered include: indications for diagnostic and therapeutic esophagogastroduodenoscopy and ileo-colonoscopy; endoscopy for foreign body ingestion; corrosive ingestion and stricture/stenosis endoscopic management; upper and lower gastrointestinal bleeding; endoscopic retrograde cholangio-pancreatography and endoscopic ultrasonography. Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy and endoscopy specific to inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) has been dealt with in other Guidelines [1-3] and are therefore not mentioned in this Guideline...
September 12, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
Andrea Tringali, Mike Thomson, Jean-Marc Dumonceau, Marta Tavares, Merit M Tabbers, Raoul Furlano, Manon Spaander, Cesare Hassan, Christos Tzvinikos, Hanneke Ijsselstijn, Jérôme Viala, Luigi Dall'Oglio, Marc Benninga, Rok Orel, Yvan Vandenplas, Radan Keil, Claudio Romano, Eva Brownstone, Štěpán Hlava, Patrick Gerner, Werner Dolak, Rosario Landi, Wolf Dietrich Huber, Simon Everett, Andreas Vecsei, Lars Aabakken, Jorge Amil-Dias, Alessandro Zambelli
This Executive summary of the Guideline on pediatric gastrointestinal endoscopy from the European Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (ESGE) and the European Society for Paediatric Gastroenterology Hepatology and Nutrition (ESPGHAN) refers to infants, children, and adolescents aged 0 - 18 years. The areas covered include: indications for diagnostic and therapeutic esophagogastroduodenoscopy and ileocolonoscopy; endoscopy for foreign body ingestion; endoscopic management of corrosive ingestion and stricture/stenosis; upper and lower gastrointestinal bleeding; endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography, and endoscopic ultrasonography...
September 12, 2016: Endoscopy
Morris Gordon, Sahira Isaji, Fiona Tyacke
AIM: To ascertain United Kingdom adherence to European society of Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition guidance (ESPGHAN). METHODS: A national cross sectional questionnaire study of neonatal units across England was completed between January and March 2014. All 174 units in the country were attempted to be contacted to complete a telephone survey. This included all level 1, 2 and 3 units. They were initially contacted by phone and asking any senior member of the team about their current practice and procedures...
August 8, 2016: World Journal of Clinical Pediatrics
Pengfei Liu, Yuanyu Qiu, Yuting Qian, Xiao Chen, Yiran Wang, Jin Cui, Xiao Zhai
BACKGROUND AND AIM: To appraise the current reporting methodological quality of meta-analyses in five leading gastroenterology and hepatology journals, and to identify the variables associated with the reporting quality. METHODS: We systematically searched the literature of meta-analyses in Gastroenterology, Gut, Hepatology, Journal of Hepatology (J HEPATOL) and American Journal of Gastroenterology (AM J GASTROENTEROL) from 2006 to 2008 and from 2012 to 2014. Characteristics were extracted based on the PRISMA statement and the AMSTAR tool...
September 6, 2016: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Ivo Graziadei, Heinz Zoller, Peter Fickert, Stefan Schneeberger, Armin Finkenstedt, Markus Peck-Radosavljevic, Helmut Müller, Claudia Kohl, Barbara Sperner-Unterweger, Stephan Eschertzhuber, Harald Hofer, Dietmar Öfner, Herbert Tilg, Wolfgang Vogel, Michael Trauner, Gabriela Berlakovich
Liver transplantation has emerged as an established and well-accepted therapeutic option for patients with acute and chronic liver failure and hepatocellular carcinoma. The disproportion between recipients and donors is still an ongoing problem that has only been solved partially over the last centuries. For several patients no life-saving organs can be distributed. Therefore, objective and internationally established recommendations regarding indication and organ allocation are imperative. The aim of this article is to establish evidence-based recommendations regarding the evaluation and assessment of adult candidates for liver transplantation...
October 2016: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
Karin M Vissers, Edith J M Feskens, Johannes B van Goudoever, Arieke J Janse
BACKGROUND: In term infants, there is evidence that early complementary feeding is a risk factor for childhood obesity. Therefore, timely introduction of complementary feeding during infancy is necessary. The World Health Organization (WHO) and European Society for Paediatric Gastroenterology Hepatology and Nutrition (ESPGHAN) both developed recommendations for the start of complementary feeding for term-born infants. However, these guidelines cannot be directly translated to preterm infants...
2016: Systematic Reviews
Abby M Falla, Irene K Veldhuijzen, Amena A Ahmad, Miriam Levi, Jan Hendrik Richardus
BACKGROUND: To investigate access to treatment for chronic hepatitis B/C among six vulnerable patient/population groups at-risk of infection: undocumented migrants, asylum seekers, people without health insurance, people with state insurance, people who inject drugs (PWID) and people abusing alcohol. METHODS: An online survey among experts in gastroenterology, hepatology and infectious diseases in 2012 in six EU countries: Germany, Hungary, Italy, the Netherlands, Spain and the UK...
August 19, 2016: European Journal of Public Health
Adam E Mikolajczyk, Jeanne M Farnan, John F McConville, Donald M Jensen, K Gautham Reddy, Helen S Te, Nancy Reau, Andrew I Aronsohn
: There is an increasing burden of chronic liver disease (CLD) in the United States but a significant shortage of hepatologists. Thus, it is necessary to develop new recruitment strategies to the field of hepatology as well as ensure that non-gastroenterology-trained physicians are able to capably assist in the care of CLD. We established a novel, nonelective, inpatient hepatology rotation that uses required modules in the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases Curriculum and Training-First Hepatitis B and C curriculums as well as in LiverLearning...
August 10, 2016: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
Afaf H A Elayyat, Ahmed Sadek
BACKGROUND: The Theodor Bilharz Research Institute (TBRI) Hospital is a research and referral center for gastroenterology and hepatology. The Hepatogastroenterology (HGE) Department in TBRI Hospital is a center for endoscopy and sonography. The department also has a hepatology ICU. As a part of hospital performance improvement, medical records that satisfy the needs and demands of the healthcare team, setting a practical framework to improve the quality of medical care in TBRI Hospital, were generated...
June 2016: Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association
Seema Rajani, Hien Q Huynh, Leanne Shirton, Cheryl Kluthe, Donald Spady, Connie Prosser, Jon Meddings, Gwen R Rempel, Rabindranath Persad, Justine M Turner
Background. The European Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition endorses serological diagnosis (SD) for pediatric celiac disease (CD). The objective of this study was to pilot SD and to prospectively evaluate gastrointestinal permeability and mucosal inflammation at diagnosis and after one year on the gluten-free diet (GFD). We hypothesized that SD would be associated with similar short term outcomes as ED. Method. Children, 3-17 years of age, referred for possible CD were eligible for SD given aTTG level ≥200 U/mL, confirmed by repeat aTTG and HLA haplotypes...
2016: Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
Rima Fawaz, Ulrich Baumann, Udeme Ekong, Björn Fischler, Nedim Hadzic, Cara L Mack, Valérie A McLin, Jean P Molleston, Ezequiel Neimark, Vicky Lee Ng, Saul J Karpen
Cholestatic jaundice in infancy affects approximately 1 in every 2500 term infants and is infrequently recognized by primary providers in the setting of physiologic jaundice. Cholestatic jaundice is always pathologic and indicates hepatobiliary dysfunction. Early detection by the primary care physician and timely referrals to the pediatric gastroenterologist/hepatologist are important contributors to optimal treatment and prognosis. The most common causes of cholestatic jaundice in the first months of life are biliary atresia (BA, 25-40%) followed by an expanding list of monogenic disorders (25%), plus many unknown or multifactorial (e...
July 16, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
Shahram Agah, Hossein Khedmat, Mohammad Ebrahim Ghamar-Chehred, Reza Hadi, Aghdas Aghaei
BACKGROUND: Gastric cancer (GC) is one of the most common Cancers in the world and Helicobacter pylori (HP) infection is considered a causative factor. The aim of this study was to determine the characteristics and the associated factors of (GC) in a small cohort. METHODS: Overall, 54 patients with diagnosed gastric cancer were followed-up at the Department of Gastroenterology & Hepatology at Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences. 37 (68.5%) of them were positive for H pylori infection in histopathological evaluations...
2016: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
Maurizio Koch
Research in gastroenterology and hepatology is booming. The spectrum of digestive diseases is very extensive, and growing. This issue of the journal focuses on the near future of gastreonterology, and announces what changes should we expect between now and 2020. The next number will be devoted to changes in hepatology.
June 2016: Recenti Progressi in Medicina
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