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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773779/prospects-for-us-cuba-cooperation-in-gastroenterology-hepatology-and-liver-transplantation
#1
Marlen I Castellanos-Fernández, Mirtha Infante-Velázquez, Enrique Arús-Soler, Marcelo Kugelmas, Ramón Bataller, Ramón Villamil-Martínez, Zaily Dorta-Guridi, Caridad Ruenes-Domenech
Gastroenterology, hepatology and liver transplant exchanges between the USA and Cuba have mainly consisted of scientific events and short visits. This has facilitated Cuba's inclusion in recognized scientific organizations, familiarity with Cuba's biotech products for treatment of liver disease, and access by Cuban professionals to the highest level of scientific information for clinical practice. It has also given health professionals in the US a more accurate picture of Cuba's health sector. The results of the Global Alcoholic Liver Disease Survey, which included Cuba and was designed and coordinated in the USA, opened doors to joint research and scientific publications...
April 2018: MEDICC Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762472/weaning-time-in-preterm-infants-an-audit-of-italian-primary-care-paediatricians
#2
Maria Elisabetta Baldassarre, Antonio Di Mauro, Annarita Pedico, Valentina Rizzo, Manuela Capozza, Fabio Meneghin, Gianluca Lista, Nicola Laforgia
INTRODUCTION: According to the 2016 Italian National Institute of Statistics (Istat) data in Italy, about 6.7% of all newborns are born prematurely. Due to the lack of data on current complementary feeding in preterm infants in Italy, the aim of the survey was to evaluate individual attitudes of primary care paediatricians, concerning the introduction of complementary foods in preterm infants. METHODS: An internet-based survey was conducted among primary care paediatricians, working in Italy, regarding (1) timing of the introduction of complementary foods to preterm newborns; (2) type of complementary foods introduced; (3) vitamin D and iron supplementations...
May 15, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739669/bullying-biosimilars-cheaper-drugs-stymied-in-usa
#3
EDITORIAL
The Lancet Gastroenterology Hepatology
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Lancet. Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733017/zenker-diverticulum-treatment-endoscopic-or-surgical
#4
Diana Ciuc, Rodica Birlă, Eugenia Panaitescu, Marcel Tanţău, Silviu Constantinoiu
Introduction: The Zenker Diverticulum is a rare pathology, the selection of patients for invasive treatments is questionable, as well as the applied therapeutic method. The aim of the study is to evaluate the main methods of classical and endoscopic surgical treatment in this pathology and to correlate pathophysiological aspects with clinical consequences. MATERIAL AND METHOD: We included 36 patients with Zenker hypopharyngeal diverticulum treated in 2010/2017 in two university clinics: 7 patients by classical surgical approach at the General and Esophageal Surgery Clinic of St...
March 2018: Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731657/prediction-of-acute-kidney-injury-in-cirrhotic-patients-a-new-score-combining-renal-liver-and-inflammatory-markers
#5
Joana Gameiro, José Agapito Fonseca, Joana Monteiro Dias, Maria João Melo, Sofia Jorge, José Velosa, José António Lopes
Introduction: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is common in hospitalized patients with cirrhosis and is associated with poor prognosis. A risk prediction score combining values easily measured at admission could be valuable to stratify patients for prevention, monitoring and early intervention, ultimately improving patient care and outcomes. The aim of this study was to develop a risk score for AKI in a cohort of cirrhotic patients. Patients and methods: We cross-examined the data from a retrospective analysis of 186 patients with cirrhosis admitted to the Gastroenterology and Hepatology Service of Centro Hospitalar Lisboa Norte from January 2003 to December 2005...
2018: International Journal of Nephrology and Renovascular Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690960/is-hepatovenocaval-syndrome-a-different-entity-from-budd-chiari-syndrome-in-children
#6
Nadia Waheed, Huma Arshad Cheema, Hassan Suleman, Iqra Mushtaq, Zafar Fayyaz, Nadeem Anjum
OBJECTIVE: To differentiate between clinical and demographic spectrum, and outcome in hepatovenocaval syndrome (HVCS) and Budd-Chiari syndrome (BCS). STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Division of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, The Children Hospital, Lahore, from January 2014 to January 2017. METHODOLOGY: All children less than 18 years of age, presenting with ascites and visible veins over abdomen, flanks and back were enrolled in the study...
May 2018: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689751/effect-of-standardized-feeding-protocol-on-nutrient-supply-and-postnatal-growth-of-preterm-infants-a-prospective-study
#7
Z Khan, N Morris, H Unterrainer, N Haiden, S J Holasek, B Urlesberger
BACKGROUND: Preterm birth is a medical emergency and it is becoming evident that adequate nutrition starting in the first hours of life is of major importance for short and even more so for long-term health outcomes of the premature newborn. The aim was to analyze postnatal nutrient supply and growth patterns of preterm infants in response to a standardized feeding protocol during stay at neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). METHODS: A prospective cohort study was conducted at NICU, Children Hospital Graz...
2018: Journal of Neonatal-perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681874/alexithymia-in-gastroenterology-and-hepatology-a-systematic-review
#8
Danilo Carrozzino, Piero Porcelli
Background: Alexithymia is a multifaceted personality construct that represents a deficit in the cognitive processing of emotions and is currently understood to be related to a variety of medical and psychiatric conditions. The present review aims to investigate the relationship of alexithymia with gastrointestinal (GI) disorders as functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGID, as irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and functional dyspepsia) and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) [ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn's disease (CD)] and liver diseases as chronic hepatitis C (CHC), cirrhosis, and liver transplantation...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676343/histopathological-report-of-colorectal-carcinoma-resections-a-5-year-audit-in-lagos
#9
Kabir Bolarinwa Badmos, Olorunda Rotimi, Abdulrazzaq Oluwagbemiga Lawal, Adedapo O Osinowo, Mohammed Y Habeebu, Fatimah Biade Abdulkareem
Background: Complete and accurate pathology reporting of colorectal carcinoma (CRC) resection specimen is critical to clinical management of individual patients. The study aims to audit colorectal cancer histopathology reporting in Lagos between 2011 and 2015 before the adoption of the Society for Gastroenterology and Hepatology in Nigeria pro forma in 2016. Materials and Methods: All resected CRC cases were identified from the Histopathology record of our Department and that of a private Laboratory in Lagos over a 5-year from 2011 to 2015...
January 2018: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644968/colorectal-cancer-in-childhood-cancer-survivors
#10
EDITORIAL
The Lancet Gastroenterology Hepatology
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Lancet. Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644967/treatment-of-hepatitis-c-momentum-still-needed
#11
EDITORIAL
The Lancet Gastroenterology Hepatology
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Lancet. Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614587/-role-of-rac1-signaling-pathway-of-azathioprine-and-peptidoglycan-in-the-regulation-of-monocyte-macrophage-apoptosis-in-crohn-s-disease
#12
Z Zhou, Y Jing, Y Ran, J Zhao, L Zhou, B M Wang
Objective: To evaluate the changes of macrophages and expression of Rac1 in the inflammatory site of Crohn's disease, and to investigate the effects of 6-thioguanine (6-TG) and peptidoglycan on apoptosis of human peripheral blood monocyte-macrophage by regulating Rac1 signaling pathway. Methods: Ten patients with Crohn's disease and eight healthy controls diagnosed were enrolled at Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Tianjin Medical University General Hospital from January 2013 to January 2014. The number of macrophages, apoptosis and expression of Rac1 in the inflammation sites and non-inflammation sites of intestinal mucosa were detected in both patients and controls...
April 1, 2018: Zhonghua Nei Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596190/chapter-9-words-from-partner-societies
#13
Barbara Golden, Tom Stiris, Julián Panés, Leyla Namazova-Baranova, André Van Gossum, Heiner Boeing, Zulfiqar A Bhutta, Armando Madrazo, James E Heubi, Nezha Mouane, Paul Fockens, Berthold Koletzko
On the occasion of the 50th anniversary of the European Society of Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition (ESPGHAN), its close partner associations submitted comments and felicitations which are presented here. These include words from the Latin American (LASPGHAN), North American (NASPGHAN) and Panarabian Societies (PASPGHAN) and the Commonwealth Association (CAPGHAN) of Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, the Federation of International Societies of Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition (FISPGHAN), the European Academy of Pediatrics (EAP), the European Pediatric Association/Union of National Pediatric Societies (EPA-UNEPSA), the International Pediatric Association (IPA), the European Crohn's and Colitis Organisation (ECCO), European Society for Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism (ESPEN) , the Federation of European Nutrition Societies (FENS), and United European Gastroenterology (UEG)...
April 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596189/chapter-8-50-years-of-the-european-society-for-paediatric-gastroenterology-hepatology-and-nutrition-espghan-captivating-witness-reports-of-a-success-story
#14
Salvatore Auricchio, Samy Cadranel, Stefano Guandalini, Deirdre Kelly, Berthold Koletzko, Michael J Lentze, Alexander S McNeish, Peter J Milla, Jean Rey, Jacques Schmitz, Raanan Shamir, Birgitta Strandvik, Riccardo Troncone, Jarmo Visakorpi
Since the conception of an idea of a few paediatric gastroenterologists in Europe to create a society for Paediatric Gastroenterology in 1967, and its foundation in 1968, half a century has passed. The European Society for Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition (ESPGHAN) now celebrates its 50th anniversary and its utmost success in combining clinical and scientific expertise in the fields of paediatric gastroenterology, haepatology, and nutrition. To describe this success story 14 of the still living presidents of ESPGHAN recount their impressions of the steady growth of ESPGHAN with all the historical facets from their own points of view...
April 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596182/chapter-6-1-pediatric-chronic-hepatitis-b-and-c-30-years-of-espghan-clinical-research-and-recommendations
#15
Etienne M Sokal, Pilar Nannini
The expression of hepatitis B and C virus infections in children differs from that in adults and requires specific paediatric expertise. The European Society of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition (ESPGHAN) has been a pioneer in this field, having stressed the need for straightforward recommendations since the mid-1980s. Following much observation, surveillance, and research, a panel of ESPGHAN experts was able to develop such recommendations on hepatitis B infection in children in 2009, which was then followed in June 2013 by proper guidelines...
April 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596164/chapter-4-the-relationship-between-the-european-and-north-american-societies-for-pediatric-gastroenterology-hepatology-and-nutrition
#16
Carlos H Lifschitz, Jon Vanderhoof, Harland Winter, Stefano Guandalini, William Klish, Richard Grand, Allan Walker, Jay Perman
This chapter is based on the memories of those who shaped the relationship between the European and the North American Societies for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition. The first joint meeting of the 2 Societies took place in Paris in 1978, followed by 1 in New York in 1985, 1 in Amsterdam in 1990, 1 in Houston in 1994, and the last one in Toulouse in 1998. The formation of the Federation of the International Societies for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition (FISPGHAN) preceded the First World Congress of all Societies, which took place in Boston in 2000...
April 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596163/chapter-3-the-european-society-for-paediatric-gastroenterology-hepatology-and-nutrition-in-recent-years
#17
Berthold Koletzko, Raanan Shamir, Ilse Broekaert, Riccardo Troncone
The European Society for Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition has experienced an amazing development in the 50 years of its existence. It grew from a small group of 36 friends who held an informal meeting with some 20 oral presentations to share and discuss their clinical and research work, to a large, multiprofessional society that sets widely recognized standards for clinical care and policy and hosts the world's largest congress of Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition with more than 4500 delegates from 100 countries...
April 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596162/chapter-2-espghan-50-years-memories-the-early-years
#18
Michael J Lentze, Salvatore Auricchio, Samy Cadranel, Peter J Milla, Deirdre Kelly, Alexander S McNeish, Jean Rey, Jacques Schmitz, Birgitta Strandvik, Jan Taminiau, Jarmo Visakorpi
Thirty-six founding members from Europe were present in 1968, when the European Society of Paediatric Gastroenterology (ESGA) had its first meeting in Paris. The aim was to create a forum for presentations and discussions of research activities in paediatric gastroenterology in Europe. At the second meeting of ESGA 1969 in Interlaken, an important landmark was set for all gastroenterologists in the world. In this conference, the first ever criteria for "the Diagnosis of Coeliac Disease" (CD) were established...
April 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596161/chapter-1-the-historical-roots-of-paediatric-gastroenterology-hepatology-and-nutrition
#19
Lawrence T Weaver
The last 50 years have seen the establishment of paediatric gastroenterology, hepatology, and nutrition (PGHAN) as a well-recognised and thriving clinical specialty throughout most of Europe, and further afield. This has happened, in part, through the existence of the European Society for Paediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition (ESPGHAN) as a forum for those interested in this branch of children's medicine. To illustrate the pan-European roots of PGHAN, some key scientific and medical events, discoveries, and inventions relevant to 3 common clinical problems-diarrhoea, jaundice, and infant-feeding-have been chosen to survey the historical development of the ways in which each was understood and treated within the changing thinking and practice of past times...
April 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588985/ketogenic-parenteral-nutrition-in-17-pediatric-patients-with-epilepsy
#20
Anastasia Dressler, Nadja Haiden, Petra Trimmel-Schwahofer, Franz Benninger, Sharon Samueli, Gudrun Gröppel, Sina Spatzierer, Angelika Mühlebner, Klaus Abraham, Martha Feucht
Objective: Ketogenic parenteral nutrition (kPN) is indicated when enteral intake is temporarily limited or impossible, but evidence-based prescriptions are lacking. Objective was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of kPN in children with epileptic encephalopathies using a new computer-based algorithm for accurate component calculating. Methods: Children with epilepsy receiving kPN were included. A computer-based algorithm was established on the basis of guidelines of the European Society for Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition (ESPGHAN): fat intake not exceeding 4 g/kg/day, age-adequate supply of protein, electrolytes, vitamins, and trace elements, but reduced carbohydrates...
March 2018: Epilepsia open
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