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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631956/coping-strategies-and-psychological-distress-in-caregivers-of-patients-with-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-als
#1
Mattia Siciliano, Gabriella Santangelo, Francesca Trojsi, Carmela Di Somma, Manila Patrone, Cinzia Femiano, Maria Rosaria Monsurrò, Luigi Trojano, Gioacchino Tedeschi
BACKGROUND: Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) causes distress in caregivers. The present study aims to examine the association between coping strategies and psychological distress in caregivers of ALS patients. METHODS: Coping strategies were assessed in 96 ALS informal caregivers by means of the Coping Inventory for Stressful Situations. Data about caregivers' demographic characteristics, levels of burden, depression and anxiety (psychological distress) were also gathered by standardised questionnaires...
February 10, 2017: Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Degeneration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627186/%C3%A3-ndice-glic%C3%A3-mico-carga-glic%C3%A3-mica-e-insulina-posprandial-a-dos-f%C3%A3-rmulas-isogluc%C3%A3-dicas-con-distintos-edulcorantes-y-fibra-en-adultos-sanos-y-diab%C3%A3-ticos-tipo-2
#2
Lissé Angarita Dávila, José López Miranda, Daniel Aparicio Camargo, Karla Parra Zuleta, Maria Uzcátegui González, Virginia Céspedes Nava, Samuel Durán Agüero, Nadia Reyna Villasmil
Objetivo: el objetivo de este estudio fue comparar el índice glicémico (IG), la carga glicémica (CG) y la insulina posprandial de dos fórmulas isoglucídicas con distintos edulcorantes y fibra en adultos sanos y diabéticos tipo 2 (DM2).Metodología: en este estudio aleatorizado, cruzado y doble ciego, once sujetos sanos y seis diabéticos consumieron dos fórmulas en cuatro ocasiones (Glucerna SR® Laboratorios Abbott C.A [FG] y Enterex Diabetic®, Victus, C.A [FE], edulcoradas con fructosa y sucralosa respectivamente, con distintas fuentes de fibra), además de solución glucosada (SG) en una ocasión...
June 5, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618547/optimal-cost-for-strengthening-or-destroying-a-given-network
#3
Amikam Patron, Reuven Cohen, Daqing Li, Shlomo Havlin
Strengthening or destroying a network is a very important issue in designing resilient networks or in planning attacks against networks, including planning strategies to immunize a network against diseases, viruses, etc. Here we develop a method for strengthening or destroying a random network with a minimum cost. We assume a correlation between the cost required to strengthen or destroy a node and the degree of the node. Accordingly, we define a cost function c(k), which is the cost of strengthening or destroying a node with degree k...
May 2017: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609202/the-financial-burden-of-public-health-responses-to-hepatitis-a-cases-among-food-handlers-2012-2014
#4
Rebecca J Morey, Melissa G Collier, Noele P Nelson
When food handlers become ill with hepatitis A virus (HAV) infection, state and local health departments must assess the risk of HAV transmission through prepared food and recommend or provide postexposure prophylaxis (PEP) for those at risk for HAV infection. Providing PEP (eg, hepatitis A [HepA] vaccine or immunoglobulin), however, is costly. To describe the burden of these responses on state and local health departments, we determined the number of public health responses to HAV infections among food handlers by reviewing public internet sources of media articles...
January 1, 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582531/biomarkers-of-secondhand-smoke-exposure-in-waterpipe-tobacco-venue-employees-in-istanbul-moscow-and-cairo
#5
Katherine A Moon, Ana M Rule, Hoda S Magid, Jacqueline Ferguson, Jolie Susan, Zhuolu Sun, Christine Torrey, Salahaddin Abubaker, Vladimir Levshin, Asli Çarkoglu, Ghada Nasr Radwan, Maha El-Rabbat, Joanna E Cohen, Paul Strickland, Patrick N Breysse, Ana Navas-Acien
Background: Most smoke-free legislation to reduce secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure exempts waterpipe (hookah) smoking venues. Few studies have examined SHS exposure in waterpipe venues and their employees. Methods: We surveyed 276 employees of 46 waterpipe tobacco venues in Istanbul, Moscow, and Cairo. We interviewed venue managers and employees and collected biological samples from employees to measure exhaled carbon monoxide (CO), hair nicotine, saliva cotinine, urine cotinine, urine 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanol (NNAL), and urine 1-hydroxypyrene glucuronide (1-OHPG)...
June 3, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578744/a-corner-store-intervention-to-improve-access-to-fruits-and-vegetables-in-two-latino-communities
#6
Stephanie L Albert, Brent A Langellier, Mienah Z Sharif, Alec M Chan-Golston, Michael L Prelip, Rosa Elena Garcia, Deborah C Glik, Thomas R Belin, Ron Brookmeyer, Alexander N Ortega
OBJECTIVE: Investments have been made to alter the food environment of neighbourhoods that have a disproportionate number of unhealthy food venues. Corner store conversions are one strategy to increase access to fruits and vegetables (F&V). Although the literature shows modest success, the effectiveness of these interventions remains equivocal. The present paper reports on the evaluation of Proyecto MercadoFRESCO, a corner store conversion intervention in two Latino communities. DESIGN: A repeated cross-sectional design was employed...
June 5, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575220/vancomycin-taper-and-risk-of-failure-of-fecal-microbiota-transplant-in-patients-with-recurrent-clostridium-difficile-infection
#7
Roberto L Patron, Carlos A Hartmann, Sorcha Allen, Cheryl L Griesbach, Heidi E Kosiorek, John K DiBaise, Robert Orenstein
We retrospectively analyzed a cohort of 109 subjects treated for rCDI with FMT at tertiary referral center between 2011 and 2014 to determine risk factors for FMT failure.. In a multivariate analysis, failure to use an oral vancomycin taper preceding FMT was associated with a significant risk of FMT failure (odds ratio [95% CI], 0.15 [0.007-0.40]).
June 1, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557662/trends-across-the-night-in-patronage-intoxication-and-licensed-venue-characteristics-in-five-australian-cities
#8
Kerri Coomber, Nicolas Droste, Amy Pennay, Richelle Mayshak, Florentine Martino, Peter G Miller
BACKGROUND: While alcohol-related harm is reportedly greater on weekend evenings, research investigating trends in the intoxication levels of patrons and factors that increase risk of harm over the night is lacking. OBJECTIVES: The aim was to observe trends over the course of the night for patron demographics, venue characteristics and patron intoxication. METHODS: Observations of licensed venues and patrons in night-time entertainment districts of five Australian cities were conducted...
May 30, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557132/playing-it-safe-patron-safety-strategies-and-experience-of-violence-in-night-time-entertainment-districts
#9
Jin Zhou, Nicolas Droste, Ashlee Curtis, Lucy Zinkiewicz, Peter Miller
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Incidences of violence are elevated in night-time entertainment districts. Research suggests that safety-related behavioural strategies adopted while drinking can reduce negative alcohol-related outcomes. The current study investigates the use of safety strategies and its association with experiences of violence among patrons from the general population. DESIGN AND METHODS: Patron interviews (N = 3949) were conducted in and around licenced venues in Newcastle (New South Wales) and Geelong (Victoria) during peak trading hours (Friday and Saturday, 21:00-01:00 h)...
May 30, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556867/voicing-ageism-in-nursing-home-dementia-care
#10
Kristine Williams, Clarissa Shaw, Alexandria Lee, Sohyun Kim, Emma Dinneen, Margaret Turk, Ying-Ling Jao, Wen Liu
Elderspeak (i.e., infantilizing communication) is a common form of ageism that has been linked to resistiveness to care in nursing home residents with dementia. Nursing home staff use elderspeak by modifying speech with older residents based on negative stereotypes, which results in patronizing communication that provides a message of incompetence. The purpose of the current secondary analysis was to describe communication practices used by nursing home staff that reflect ageism. Transcripts of 80 video recordings of staff-resident communication collected during nursing home care activities were re-analyzed to identify specific elderspeak patterns, including diminutives, collective pronouns, tag questions, and reflectives...
May 30, 2017: Journal of Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539305/deconstructing-cancer-patient-information-seeking-in-a-consumer-health-library-toward-developing-a-virtual-information-consult-for-cancer-patients-and-their-caregivers-a-qualitative-instrumental-case-study
#11
Janet Papadakos, Aileen Trang, Alaina B Cyr, Nazek Abdelmutti, Meredith E Giuliani, Michelle Snow, Tara McCurdie, Menaka Pulandiran, Sara Urowitz, David Wiljer
BACKGROUND: Cancer patients and their caregivers want information about their disease and are interested in finding health information online. Despite the abundance of cancer information online, it is often fragmented, its quality is highly variable, and it can be difficult to navigate without expert-level knowledge of the cancer system. The Patient & Family Library at the Princess Margaret Cancer Centre offers a broad collection of high-quality cancer health information and staff are available to help patrons refine their questions and explore information needs that they may not have considered...
May 24, 2017: JMIR Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536549/self-in-art-self-as-art-museum-selfies-as-identity-work
#12
Robert Kozinets, Ulrike Gretzel, Anja Dinhopl
Selfies, digital images characterized by the desire to frame the self in a picture taken to be shared with an online audience, are important reflections of the contemporary self. Much extant psychological research on selfies has taken a pathologizing view of the phenomenon, focusing on its relationship to narcissism. Our investigation seeks to contribute to a holistic, contextualized and cultural perspective. We focus on the context of museums, places where art, history, education, and culture merge into the selfie taking behaviors of patrons...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527344/harnessing-plant-metabolic-diversity
#13
REVIEW
Charlie Owen, Nicola J Patron, Ancheng Huang, Anne Osbourn
Advances in DNA sequencing and synthesis technologies in the twenty-first century are now making it possible to build large-scale pipelines for engineering plant natural product pathways into heterologous production species using synthetic biology approaches. The ability to decode the chemical potential of plants by sequencing their transcriptomes and/or genomes and to then use this information as an instruction manual to make drugs and other high-value chemicals is opening up new routes to harness the vast chemical diversity of the Plant Kingdom...
May 17, 2017: Current Opinion in Chemical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524714/consumption-patterns-of-nightlife-attendees-in-munich-a-latent-class-analysis
#14
Tessa-Virginia Hannemann, Ludwig Kraus, Daniela Piontek
BACKGROUND: The affinity for substance use among patrons of nightclubs has been well established. With novel psychoactive substances (NPS) quickly emerging on the European drug market, trends, and patterns of use are potentially changing. OBJECTIVES: (1) The detection of subgroups of consumers in the electronic dance music scene of a major German metropolitan city, (2) describing the consumption patterns of these subgroups, (3) exploring the prevalence and type of NPS consumption in this population at nightlife events in Munich...
May 19, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513373/philip-a-prince-among-men
#15
Stanley Holder
Following the announcement that Prince Philip will withdraw from public duties, I should like to place on record the gratitude of male nurses when, as patron of the Society of Registered Male Nurses, he encouraged the career development of men in the profession.
May 17, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510267/the-jack-wills-crowd-towards-a-sociology-of-an-elite-subculture
#16
Anthony King, Daniel Smith
British sociologists have long been interested in youth sub-cultures. However British sociologists have tended to focus on working class subcultures and avoided engagement with exclusive sub-cultures of elite social groups. This article seeks to attend to this gap by examining the subculture of a British elite: ex-public school students at select universities in the UK in the twenty-first century. This group consists of a relatively small group of young adults, aged between 18 and 23, who attended public schools, especially one of the nine Clarendon schools (Eton, Winchester, Westminster, St...
May 16, 2017: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508680/personality-and-destiny-francesco-borromini-portrait-of-a-tormented-soul
#17
Gabriele Cipriani, Luca Cipriani, Mario Di Fiorino
Francesco Borromini, one of the great geniuses of Baroque architecture, was tormented and solitary, and was increasingly frustrated by the fame and success of his rival, Gian Lorenzo Bernini. Borromini was an unhappy man, constantly dogged by disaster, quarrelling even with his best patrons and closest friends. In the culmination of one of the fits of depression that overcame the architect more and more frequently as his life progressed, Borromini literally fell on his own sword; he lingered in excruciating pain for 24 hours before dying...
May 1, 2017: History of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506419/radioguided-thyroidectomy-for-follicular-tumors-multicentric-experience
#18
D Parmeggiani, C Gambardella, R Patrone, A Polistena, M De Falco, R Ruggiero, R Cirocchi, A Sanguinetti, V Cuccurullo, M Accardo, N Avenia, G Docimo, S Tolone, V Bassi, L Docimo, G Conzo
BACKGROUND: The diagnosis of thyroid nodular diseases requires an integrated approach that has been widely established over the past years. This strategy includes: ultrasonography (US) with; implemented Color-Power-Doppler, conventional scintigraphy also with positive indicators, specific pathological studies targeted by immunohistochemically-assays, and the fine needle; aspiration biopsy (FNAB), which, usually, in case of "Follicular Lesions" (10-20%) findings is; unable to distinguish carcinoma from follicular adenoma, then indicating the necessity of surgery to; obtain a correct diagnosis...
May 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506414/unintentional-recurrent-laryngeal-nerve-injuries-following-thyroidectomy-is-it-the-surgeon-who-pays-the-bill
#19
REVIEW
C Gambardella, A Polistena, A Sanguinetti, R Patrone, S Napolitano, D Esposito, D Testa, V Marotta, A Faggiano, P G Calò, N Avenia, G Conzo
BACKGROUND: Thyroidectomy is one of the most common intervention in general surgery and, after the turn of the century, its rate has sharply increased, along with a worldwide increased incidence of differentiated thyroid cancers. Therefore, injuries of the recurrent laryngeal nerve have become one of the most frequent cause of surgical malpractice claims, mostly following surgery for benign pathology. MAIN BODY: Even if the incidence of definitive paralysis is generally lower than 3%, during the last 20 years in Italy, the number of claims for damages has sharply raised...
May 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501550/type-2-diabetes-alters-hippocampal-gamma-oscillations-a-potential-mechanism-behind-impaired-cognition
#20
Grazyna Lietzau, Vladimer Darsalia, Hiranya Pintana, Claes-Göran Östenson, Thomas Nyström, André Fisahn, Cesare Patrone
Type 2 diabetes (T2D) has been associated with cognitive decline, dementia and Alzheimer's disease (AD). Remarkably, the pathophysiological mechanisms behind this are still mostly unknown. Cognition and memory formation are associated with gamma oscillations in hippocampal neuronal networks and fast-spiking, parvalbumin-expressing interneurons (PV+ IN) play a key role in these processes.
April 27, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
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