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Elizabeth C Fung, Mariana G R Santos, Zila M Sanchez, Pamela J Surkan
Violence among young adults is an increasing public health concern, especially in the context of nightlife, such as around nightclubs and bars. Nightlife is associated with alcohol, drugs, and increased violence, but little is known about personal and environmental factors related to physical aggression and sexual violence in nightclubs. This study aimed to determine personal and environmental risk factors for physical and sexual aggression in nightclubs in São Paulo, Brazil. Data were collected among nightclub patrons through use of a portal survey at the entrances and exits of 31 nightclubs...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Marta Vazquez-Vilar, Diego Orzaez, Nicola Patron
Synthetic Biology is defined as the application of engineering principles to biology. It aims to increase the speed, ease and predictability with which desirable changes and novel traits can be conferred to living cells. The initial steps in this process aim to simplify the encoding of new instructions in DNA by establishing low-level programming languages for biology. Together with advances in the laboratory that allow multiple DNA molecules to be efficiently assembled together into a desired order in a single step, this approach has simplified the design and assembly of multigene constructs and has even facilitated the automated construction of synthetic chromosomes...
August 2018: Plant Science: An International Journal of Experimental Plant Biology
Juan Carlos Serna-Ojeda, Joaquín Hernández-Orgaz, Osiris Olvera-Morales
El carcinoma de células escamosas de conjuntiva es una neoplasia de la superficie ocular que puede presentarse con distintos patrones macroscópicos. Presentamos el caso de un hombre de 75 años de edad que acude con esta tumoración de larga evolución, involucrando de forma importante su visión.
May 8, 2018: Revista de la Facultad de Ciencias Médicas
Robin Keegan, Leslie T Grover, David Patron, Olivia K Sugarman, Krystal Griffith, Suzy Sonnier, Benjamin F Springgate, Lauren Crapanzano Jumonville, Sarah Gardner, Willie Massey, Jeanne Miranda, Bowen Chung, Kenneth B Wells, Stephen Phillippi, Ed Trapido, Alexa Ramirez, Diana Meyers, Catherine Haywood, Craig Landry, Ashley Wennerstrom
BACKGROUND: Addressing behavioral health impacts of major disasters is a priority of increasing national attention, but there are limited examples of implementation strategies to guide new disaster responses. We provide a case study of an effort being applied in response to the 2016 Great Flood in Baton Rouge. METHODS: Resilient Baton Rouge was designed to support recovery after major flooding by building local capacity to implement an expanded model of depression collaborative care for adults, coupled with identifying and responding to local priorities and assets for recovery...
June 8, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Cristin E Kearns, Nadra E Lisha, Pamela M Ling
Young adults are among the greatest consumers of sugar sweetened beverages, and they also have high smoking rates. However, few studies address the relationship between these risk behaviors; this study examined the relationship between soda consumption and smoking among young adult bar patrons, a high-risk understudied population. A cross-sectional survey of young adult bar patrons (between January 2014 and October 2015) was conducted using randomized time location sampling (N = 8712) in Albuquerque, NM, Los Angeles, CA Nashville, TN, Oklahoma City, OK, San Diego, CA, San Francisco, CA, and Tucson, AZ...
June 2018: Preventive Medicine Reports
(no author information available yet)
Several team members from BVA and the Animal Welfare Foundation were invited to attend a Royal Garden Party in May, where they had the opportunity to meet Her Majesty the Queen, who is BVA's patron.
June 2, 2018: Veterinary Record
Eliza D Whiteman, Roxanne Dupuis, Anna U Morgan, Bernadette D'Alonzo, Caleb Epstein, Heather Klusaritz, Carolyn C Cannuscio
INTRODUCTION: Public libraries are free and accessible to all and are centers of community engagement and education, making them logical choices as partners for improving population health. Library staff members routinely assist patrons with unmet health and social needs. METHODS: We used a 100-question, self-administered web survey sent to all library directors listed in the Pennsylvania Library Association database (N = 621), to investigate staff interactions with library patrons to address social determinants of health...
May 24, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
C Gambardella, A Allaria, G Siciliano, C Mauriello, R Patrone, N Avenia, A Polistena, A Sanguinetti, S Napolitano, G Conzo
BACKGROUND: Corrosive esophageal strictures are common. The severity of the strictures depends on type, quantity, duration of contact and concentration of the caustic substance ingested. Endoscopic balloon dilation and endoscopic bougienage are a cornerstone in the management of the benign esophageal strictures and are the most widely used treatments, but are expensive and invasive procedures. CASE PRESENTATION: We report the case of an 82-year-old patient with a corrosive esophageal stricture treated for over 40 years by means of home self-bougienage...
May 22, 2018: BMC Gastroenterology
Matteo Di Nardo, Margherita Lonero, Elisabetta Pasotti, Federica Cancani, Daniela Perrotta, Corrado Cecchetti, Francesca Stoppa, Nicola Pirozzi, Ondina La Salvia, Antonella Nicolini, Antonio Amodeo, Nicolo' Patroniti, Antonio Pesenti
INTRODUCTION: Neonatal and pediatric ECMO is a high-risk procedure that should be performed only in expert centers. Children who are eligible for ECMO and are managed in hospitals without ECMO capabilities should be referred to the closest ECMO center before the severity of illness precludes safe conventional transport. When the clinical situation precludes safe conventional transport, ECMO should be provided on site with the patient transported on ECMO. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed our institutional database of all ECMO transports for neonatal and pediatric respiratory failure from February 2013 to February 2018...
May 2018: Perfusion
Alessandro Consolaro, Francesca Bovis, Angela Pistorio, Rolando Cimaz, Fabrizio De Benedetti, Angela Miniaci, Fabrizia Corona, Valeria Gerloni, Silvana Martino, Serena Pastore, Patrizia Barone, Sara Pieropan, Elisabetta Cortis, Rosa Anna Podda, Romina Gallizzi, Adele Civino, Francesco La Torre, Donato Rigante, Rita Consolini, Maria Cristina Maggio, Silvia Magni-Manzoni, Francesca Perfetti, Giovanni Filocamo, Claudia Toppino, Francesco Licciardi, Marco Garrone, Silvia Scala, Elisa Patrone, Monica Tonelli, Daniela Tani, Angelo Ravelli, Alberto Martini, Nicolino Ruperto
The family name of author Francesco La Torre was incorrect in the published article. The correct family name should read as La Torre F.
May 21, 2018: Rheumatology International
Julien Botton, Katharina Gratzer, Cyril François, Vincent Mesquita, Lionel Patrone, Teodor S Balaban, Sylvain Clair, Jean-Luc Parrain, Olivier Chuzel
Groundbreaking research done in the area of nanolithography makes it a versatile tool to produce nanopatterns for a broad range of chemical surface functionalization or physical modifications. We report for the first time an organocatalytic scanning probe nanolithography (o-cSPL) approach. Covalent binding of an organocatalyst on the apex of an atomic force microscope (AFM) tip gives way to a system that allows the formation of locally defined acylated-alcohol patterns on self-assembled monolayers (SAMs). With resolutions comparable to those of other cSPL methods, this first example of o-cSPL holds promise for future applications of bottom-up nanolithography set-ups employing this novel technique...
May 14, 2018: Chemical Science
Marianna S Wetherill, Mary B Williams, Micah L Hartwell, Alicia L Salvatore, Tvli Jacob, Tamela K Cannady, Joy Standridge, Jill Fox, Jennifer Spiegel, Natia Anderson, Valarie Blue Bird Jernigan
In rural American Indian (AI) communities, access to affordable, healthy foods is often limited. Understanding AI food choice considerations when selecting foods, such as sensory appeal, cost, or health, is an important yet understudied topic for eliminating persistent AI health disparities. In partnership with the Chickasaw Nation and Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma, we administered a modified version of the Food Choice Values (FCV) Questionnaire to a cross-sectional sample of 83 AI patrons shopping at tribally-owned convenience stores ≥3 times per week...
May 17, 2018: Appetite
Fausto Chiazza, Harald Tammen, Hiranya Pintana, Grazyna Lietzau, Massimo Collino, Thomas Nyström, Thomas Klein, Vladimer Darsalia, Cesare Patrone
BACKGROUND: Dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitors (gliptins) are approved drugs for the treatment of hyperglycemia in patients with type 2 diabetes. These effects are mainly mediated by inhibiting endogenous glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) cleavage. Interestingly, gliptins can also improve stroke outcome in rodents independently from GLP1. However, the underlying mechanisms are unknown. Stromal cell-derived factor-1α (SDF-1α) is a DPP-4 substrate and CXCR4 agonist promoting beneficial effects in injured brains...
May 19, 2018: Cardiovascular Diabetology
Ryan J Martin, Molly Robinson, Jennifer Cremeens-Matthews, Beth H Chaney, Kristyn Wynn, Joseph G L Lee
While the association between current smoking and alcohol consumption is well known, the relationship between social smoking and alcohol consumption is less understood. The purpose of this study was to examine the association between smoking status and two alcohol consumption measures in a sample of college student bar patrons. The data used in this study was collected in fall 2015. Study participants (N = 415) were college student bar patrons who agreed to complete an interview that assessed smoking status (i...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Community Health
Milica Vasiljevic, Emma Cartwright, Mark Pilling, Mei-Man Lee, Giacomo Bignardi, Rachel Pechey, Gareth J Hollands, Susan A Jebb, Theresa M Marteau
BACKGROUND: For working adults, about one-third of energy is consumed in the workplace making this an important context in which to reduce energy intake to tackle obesity. The aims of the current study were first, to identify barriers to the feasibility and acceptability of implementing calorie labelling in preparation for a larger trial, and second, to estimate the potential impact of calorie labelling on energy purchased in worksite cafeterias. METHODS: Six worksite cafeterias were randomised to the intervention starting at one of six fortnightly periods, using a stepped wedge design...
May 14, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
Evans Paul Kwame Ameade, Mohammed Ibrahim, Halimatu-Sadia Ibrahim, Rabiatu Hamisu Habib, Stephen Yao Gbedema
Despite the development of more researched and formulated orthodox medicines, herbal medicines continue to be well patronized for persons across the world with some patrons concurrently using both forms, oblivious of the unwanted effects that may occur. Using a multistage sampling procedure, a semistructured questionnaire was used to collect data in April 2016 from 240 informants from three selected hospitals and three herbal clinics in Tamale, a city in northern Ghana. Using Statistical Package for the Social Sciences, binary logistic regression was used to determine sociodemographic predictors of concurrent use of herbal and orthodox medicines...
2018: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
Fernando Ariel Sosa, Javier Roberti, Margarita Tovar Franco, María Mercedes Kleinert, Agustina Risso Patrón, Javier Osatnik
OBJECTIVE: To describe the incidence of and risk factors for delirium in the intensive care unit of a tertiary care teaching hospital in Argentina and to conduct the first non-European study exploring the performance of the PREdiction of DELIRium in ICu patients (PRE-DELIRIC) model. METHODS: Prospective observational study in a 20-bed intensive care unit of a tertiary care teaching hospital in Buenos Aires, Argentina. The PRE-DELIRIC model was applied to 178 consecutive patients within 24 hours of admission to the intensive care unit; delirium was assessed with the Confusion Assessment Method for the Intensive Care Unit (CAM-ICU)...
March 2018: Revista Brasileira de Terapia Intensiva
Yidong Ran, Nicola Patron, Pippa Kay, Debbie Wong, Margaret Buchanan, Ying-Ying Cao, Tim Sawbridge, John P Davies, John Mason, Steven R Webb, German Spangenberg, W Michael Ainley, Terence A Walsh, Matthew J Hayden
Sequence-specific nucleases have been used to engineer targeted genome modifications in various plants. While targeted gene knockouts resulting in loss-of-function have been reported with relatively high rates of success, targeted gene editing using an exogenously supplied DNA repair template and site-specific transgene integration has been more challenging. Here, we report the first application of Zinc Finger Nuclease (ZFN)-mediated, non-homologous end joining (NHEJ)-directed editing of a native gene in allohexaploid bread wheat to introduce, via a supplied DNA repair template, a specific single amino acid change into the coding sequence of acetohydroxyacid synthase (AHAS) to confer resistance to imidazolinone herbicides...
May 7, 2018: Plant Biotechnology Journal
Paolo Pelosi, Lorenzo Ball, Iole Brunetti, Maria Vargas, Nicolò Patroniti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Anaesthesia, Critical Care & Pain Medicine
Xisca Sureda, Usama Bilal, Esteve Fernández, Roberto Valiente, Francisco J Escobar, Ana Navas-Acien, Manuel Franco
INTRODUCTION: After the implementation of smoke-free policies in indoor hospitality venues (including bars, cafeterias, restaurants, and pubs), smokers may have been displaced to their outdoor areas. We aimed to study smoking visibility and second-hand smoke exposure in outdoor hospitality venues. METHODS: We collected information on signs of tobacco consumption on entrances and terraces of hospitality venues in 2016 in the city of Madrid, Spain. We further measured airborne nicotine concentrations and particulate matter of less than 2...
May 1, 2018: Environmental Research
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