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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444569/a-new-science-publishing-system-for-a-budding-science-publishing-crisis
#1
Carlos Fernandez-Patron, Eugenio Hardy
The current science publishing system is in need of a positive transformation for the good of scientists and society as a whole. Herein, we propose features that, in our view, will distinguish the science publishing system of the future.
April 25, 2017: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440068/correlates-of-verbal-and-physical-aggression-among-patrons-of-licensed-venues-in-australia
#2
Shannon Hyder, Kerri Coomber, Amy Pennay, Nicolas Droste, Ashlee Curtis, Richelle Mayshak, Tina Lam, William Gilmore, Tanya Chikritzhs, Peter G Miller
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: The current study aimed to examine the association between patron demographics and substance use, and experiences of verbal and physical aggressive incidents within the last 3 months among patrons of night-time entertainment precincts (NEP) in Australia. DESIGN AND METHODS: Patron interviews (n = 4216) were conducted around licensed venues in the NEPs of five Australian cities. Seven correlates of verbal and physical aggressive incidents were examined: gender, age, occupation, blood alcohol concentration, pre-drinking, energy drink use and illicit drug use in the current session...
April 25, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436262/private-philanthropy-and-basic-research-in-mid-twentieth-century-america-the-hickrill-chemical-research-foundation
#3
Leon Gortler, Stephen J Weininger
The Hickrill Chemical Research Foundation, located north of New York City on the estate of its patrons, Sylvan and Ruth Alice Norman Weil, had a short (1948-59) but productive life. Ruth Alice Weil received a Ph.D. in organic chemistry in 1947, directed by William von Eggers Doering of Columbia University. She intended that Hickrill contribute to cancer chemotherapy while providing resources for Doering's more speculative research. Ultimately, Doering's commitment to theoretical organic chemistry set Hickrill's research agenda...
April 24, 2017: Ambix
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426639/restaurant-food-allergy-practices-six-selected-sites-united-states-2014
#4
Taylor J Radke, Laura G Brown, Brenda Faw, Nicole Hedeen, Bailey Matis, Priscela Perez, Brendalee Viveiros, Danny Ripley
Food allergies affect an estimated 15 million persons in the United States (1), and are responsible for approximately 30,000 emergency department visits and 150-200 deaths each year (2). Nearly half of reported fatal food allergy reactions over a 13-year period were caused by food from a restaurant or other food service establishment (3). To ascertain the prevalence of food allergy training, training topics, and practices related to food allergies, CDC's Environmental Health Specialists Network (EHS-Net), a collaborative forum of federal agencies and state and local health departments with six sites, interviewed personnel at 278 restaurants...
April 21, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421800/prevalencia-y-factores-asociados-al-consumo-de-bebidas-azucaradas-en-escolares-de-9-a-17-a%C3%A3-os-de-bogot%C3%A3-colombia-estudio-fuprecol
#5
Robinson Ramírez-Vélez, Juan Camilo Fuerte-Celis, Javier Martínez-Torres, Jorge Enrique Correa-Bautista
Objetivo: determinar la prevalencia y los factores asociados al consumo de bebidas azucaradas en una población escolar de Bogotá, Colombia, pertenecientes al Estudio FUPRECOL.Métodos: estudio descriptivo y transversal, realizado en 8.136 niños y adolescentes en edad escolar entre 9 y 17 años de Bogotá, Colombia. El peso, la estatura, el índice de masa corporal (IMC), la circunferencia de cintura y el porcentaje de grasa se recogieron como marcadores antropométricos y de composición corporal. El consumo de bebidas azucaradas (bebidas carbonatadas, jugos ultra-procesados y/o té), y los factores asociados (sexo, edad, obesidad abdominal, clasificación del IMC, grado de estudios de la madre/padre, y nivel nutricional por cuestionario "Krece plus" indicador de adherencia a la dieta mediterránea), se recogieron por encuesta estructurada...
March 30, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413934/commonly-used-air-filters-fail-to-eliminate-secondhand-smoke-induced-oxidative-stress-and-inflammatory-responses
#6
Thivanka Muthumalage, Karen Pritsos, Kenneth Hunter, Chris Pritsos
Secondhand smoke (SHS) causes approximately 50,000 deaths per year. Despite all the health warnings, smoking is still allowed indoors in many states exposing both workers and patrons to SHS on a daily basis. The opponents of smoking bans suggest that the present day air filtration systems remove the health hazards of exposure to SHS. In this study, using an acute SHS exposure model, we looked at the impact of commonly used air filters (MERV 8 pleated and MERV 8 pleated activated charcoal) on SHS by assessing the inflammatory response and the oxidative stress response in C57BL/6 mice...
April 16, 2017: Toxicology Mechanisms and Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412327/place-over-traits-purchasing-edibles-from-medical-marijuana-dispensaries-in-los-angeles-ca
#7
Nancy Jo Kepple, Bridget Freisthler
OBJECTIVES: To examine discrete purchasing behaviors of marijuana-infused edibles from medical marijuana dispensaries with the aim to identify potential venue- and individual-level targets for prevention. METHODS: Two-stage, venue-based sampling approach was used to randomly select patrons exiting 16 medical marijuana dispensaries in Los Angeles, California during Spring 2013. Hierarchical generalized linear modeling was used to examine the likelihood of purchasing edibles among 524 patrons reporting a discrete purchase regressed on characteristics of the sampled dispensaries and their patrons...
April 7, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406935/micro-level-explanations-for-emergent-patterns-of-self-governance-arrangements-in-small-scale-fisheries-a-modeling-approach
#8
Emilie Lindkvist, Xavier Basurto, Maja Schlüter
Small-scale fisheries (SSFs) in developing countries are expected to play a significant role in poverty alleviation and enhancing food security in the decades to come. To realize this expectation, a better understanding of their informal self-governance arrangements is critical for developing policies that can improve fishers' livelihoods and lead to sustainable ecosystem stewardship. The goal of this paper is to develop a more nuanced understanding of micro-level factors-such as fishers' characteristics and behavior-to explain observed differences in self-governance arrangements in Northwest Mexico...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395071/reasons-for-infertile-couples-not-to-patronize-baby-factories
#9
Olusesan Ayodeji Makinde, Clifford Obby Odimegwu, Stella O Babalola
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: Health & Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377679/creating-a-web-based-digital-photographic-archive-one-hospital-library-s-experience
#10
Caroline Marshall, Janet Hobbs
BACKGROUND: Cedars-Sinai Medical Center is a nonprofit community hospital based in Los Angeles. Its history spans over 100 years, and its growth and development from the merging of 2 Jewish hospitals, Mount Sinai and Cedars of Lebanon, is also part of the history of Los Angeles. The medical library collects and maintains the hospital's photographic archive, to which retiring physicians, nurses, and an active Community Relations Department have donated photographs over the years. The collection was growing rapidly, it was impossible to display all the materials, and much of the collection was inaccessible to patrons...
April 2017: Journal of the Medical Library Association: JMLA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376928/-these-people-you-just-guide-them-until-they-become-these-people-learning-to-become-a-frequent-indoor-tanner
#11
Jerod L Stapleton, Benjamin F Crabtree
BACKGROUND: Many young women experiment with using indoor tanning beds with some becoming regular users. There is a dearth of research focused on factors related to the development of regular tanning. This study was designed to gain an in-depth understanding of the experiences of a regular indoor tanning bed user for the purpose of discovering working hypotheses related to the development of this behavior. The article thesis is that initial interactions with tanning salon employees transmit insider knowledge that serves to encourage the regular use of indoor tanning beyond experimentation...
April 4, 2017: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366202/human-predatory-behavior-and-the-social-implications-of-communal-hunting-based-on-evidence-from-the-td10-2-bison-bone-bed-at-gran-dolina-atapuerca-spain
#12
Antonio Rodríguez-Hidalgo, Palmira Saladié, Andreu Ollé, Juan Luis Arsuaga, José María Bermúdez de Castro, Eudald Carbonell
Zooarcheological research is an important tool in reconstructing subsistence, as well as for inferring relevant aspects regarding social behavior in the past. The organization of hunting parties, forms of predation (number and rate of animals slaughtered), and the technology used (tactics and tools) must be taken into account in the identification and classification of hunting methods in prehistory. The archeological recognition of communal hunting reflects an interest in evolutionary terms and their inherent implications for anticipatory capacities, social complexity, and the development of cognitive tools, such as articulated language...
April 2017: Journal of Human Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343115/patterns-of-drinking-and-driving-offenses-among-nightclub-patrons-in-brazil
#13
Gabriela A Wagner, Zila M Sanchez
BACKGROUND: Brazil has a strict drinking and driving law known as the Brazilian "Dry Law". The aim of the present study was to investigate characteristics associated with the breaking of the Brazilian traffic law, on drinking and driving, at nightclub exit among a representative sample of nightclub patrons in the city of São Paulo, Brazil. METHODS: Portal survey realized with a two-stage cluster sampling survey design to collect data from 2422 patrons at the entrance and 1822 patrons at the exit of 31 nightclubs in the city of São Paulo, Brazil...
March 23, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332290/inductors-and-regulatory-properties-of-the-genomic-island-associated-fru2-metabolic-operon-of-streptococcus-agalactiae
#14
K Patron, P Gilot, V Rong, A Hiron, L Mereghetti, E Camiade
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Molecular Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332040/edinburgh-cognitive-and-behavioural-als-screen-ecas-italian-version-regression-based-norms-and-equivalent-scores
#15
Mattia Siciliano, Luigi Trojano, Francesca Trojsi, Roberta Greco, Manuela Santoro, Giuseppe Basile, Fausta Piscopo, Alfonsina D'Iorio, Manila Patrone, Cinzia Femiano, Mariarosaria Monsurrò, Gioacchino Tedeschi, Gabriella Santangelo
Cognitive assessment for individuals with Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) can be difficult because of frequent occurrence of difficulties with speech, writing, and drawing. The Edinburgh Cognitive and Behavioural ALS Screen (ECAS) is a recent multi-domain neuropsychological screening tool specifically devised for this purpose, and it assesses the following domains: executive functions, social cognition, verbal fluency and language (ALS-specific), but also memory and visuospatial abilities (Non-ALS specific)...
March 22, 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327081/pilot-study-of-patron-sound-level-exposure-in-loud-restaurants-bars-and-clubs-in-new-york-city
#16
Ariel Spira-Cohen, Anna Caffarelli, Lawrence Fung
Visiting restaurants, bars, clubs and lounges is a regular part of urban cultural life for residents and tourists alike; however, anecdotal reports and diner surveys suggest that sound levels are excessive and diners dislike them. High sound levels in these venues can contribute to both patron and employee overexposure, and young people may be particularly at risk. To supplement the paucity of literature and data on noise in urban venues, patron noise exposure was measured inside a sample of loud New York City (NYC) restaurants, bars, clubs and lounges...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321939/examining-the-sociocultural-sensitivity-of-subjective-drunkenness-comparing-arab-and-jewish-israeli-pub-patrons
#17
Sharon R Sznitman, Shiran Bord, Wafa Elias, Anat Gesser-Edelsburg, Yoram Shiftan, Orna Baron-Epel
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Subjective drunkenness measures may be useful screening tools for alcohol-related problems. However, if self-reported drunkenness is influenced by social and cultural understandings, the measure may not predict drinking patterns equally across different sociocultural groups. The current study aims to determine whether the two main sociocultural groups in Israel (Arabs and Jews) are equally likely to report drunkenness at comparable levels of breath alcohol content (BrAC)...
March 20, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318465/lunch-at-the-library-examination-of-a-community-based-approach-to-addressing-summer-food-insecurity
#18
Janine S Bruce, Monica M De La Cruz, Gala Moreno, Lisa J Chamberlain
OBJECTIVE: To examine a library-based approach to addressing food insecurity through a child and adult summer meal programme. The study examines: (i) risk of household food insecurity among participants; (ii) perspectives on the library meal programme; and (iii) barriers to utilizing other community food resources. DESIGN: Quantitative surveys with adult participants and qualitative semi-structured interviews with a sub-sample of adult participants. SETTING: Ten libraries using public and private funding to serve meals to children and adults for six to eight weeks in low-income Silicon Valley communities (California, USA) during summer 2015...
March 20, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317507/effects-of-a-hybrid-online-and-in-person-training-program-designed-to-reduce-alcohol-sales-to-obviously-intoxicated-patrons
#19
Traci L Toomey, Kathleen M Lenk, Darin J Erickson, Keith J Horvath, Alexandra M Ecklund, Dawn M Nederhoff, Shanda L Hunt, Toben F Nelson
OBJECTIVE: Overservice of alcohol (i.e., selling alcohol to intoxicated patrons) continues to be a problem at bars and restaurants, contributing to serious consequences such as traffic crashes and violence. We developed a training program for managers of bars and restaurants, eARM™, focusing on preventing overservice of alcohol. The program included online and face-to-face components to help create and implement establishment-specific policies. METHOD: We conducted a large, randomized controlled trial in bars and restaurants in one metropolitan area in the midwestern United States to evaluate effects of the eARM program on the likelihood of selling alcohol to obviously intoxicated patrons...
March 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301453/investigation-of-salmonella-enteritidis-outbreak-associated-with-truffle-oil-district-of-columbia-2015
#20
S Janet Kuramoto-Crawford, Sasha McGee, Keith Li, Andrew K Hennenfent, Kossia Dassie, Jhetari T Carney, Arian Gibson, Ivory Cooper, Morris Blaylock, Reginald Blackwell, Angela Fields, John Davies-Cole
On September 8, 2015, the District of Columbia Department of Health (DCDOH) received a call from a person who reported experiencing gastrointestinal illness after eating at a District of Columbia (DC) restaurant with multiple locations throughout the United States (restaurant A). Later the same day, a local emergency department notified DCDOH to report four persons with gastrointestinal illness, all of whom had eaten at restaurant A during August 30-September 5. Two patients had laboratory-confirmed Salmonella group D by stool culture...
March 17, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
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