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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231039/alcohol-service-practices-a-survey-of-bar-and-restaurant-managers
#1
Dawn M Nederhoff, Kathleen M Lenk, Keith J Horvath, Toben F Nelson, Alexandra M Ecklund, Darin J Erickson, Traci L Toomey
Excessive alcohol consumption can result from illegal sales to intoxicated patrons at bars and restaurants. We surveyed bar/restaurant managers about their practices in reducing illegal sales to intoxicated patrons. We found that managers were confident that they could refuse service to intoxicated customers but were less likely to have communicated necessary information to their staff on how to refuse such sales. Managers who agreed that a business in their community would be cited for overservice were more likely to be confident that they could handle customers who had been cut off from alcohol service...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Drug Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225687/a-different-surgical-approach-for-cardiophrenic-lymph-node-resection-in-advanced-ovarian-cancer
#2
Lucas Minig, Miguel Arraras, Cristina Zorrero, Pedro Martinez, Manuel Patron, Juan Carlos Peñalver
Objective: To describe the surgical technique of a subxiphoid approach to remove cardiophrenic lymph nodes in women with advanced ovarian cancer. Materials and methods: The first step is to dissect and separate the anterior insertions of the diaphragm at the xiphoid appendix. Thus, the parietal peritoneum and the upper fibres of the transversus abdominis muscle are incised. Then, the anteroinferior mediastinum is identified and dissected. Diaphragmatic deinsertion may be extended 5-7 cm laterally to the xiphoid appendix following the inferior costal margin according with the localization of the enlarged lymph nodes...
2017: Ecancermedicalscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218751/comparing-levels-of-blood-alcohol-concentration-and-indicators-of-impairment-in-nightlife-patrons
#3
Nic Droste, Peter Miller, Christine E Kaestle, Ashlee Curtis, Shannon Hyder, Kerri Coomber, Amy Pennay, Tanya Chikritzhs, Tina Lam, William Gilmore
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Breathalyser estimate of blood alcohol concentration (BAC) is widely used as an objective intoxication measure, but is not always practical in nightlife contexts. This study uses in situ data collected in nightlife environments to explore how four measures of intoxication are related so as to inform the development of a more practical and reliable method of differentiating intoxication for people working in the night-time economy. DESIGN AND METHODS: Nightlife patron interviews were conducted in five Australian cities...
December 7, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217936/utilization-of-primary-health-care-services-in-jaba-local-government-area-of-kaduna-state-nigeria
#4
Agofure Otovwe, Sarki Elizabeth
Background: Primary health care was designed to provide accessible health care for all. However, most primary health care facilities are in various states of disrepair, catering for less than 20% of potential patients in the population. This study was designed to investigate the utilisation of primary health care services in Jaba Local Government Area of Kaduna State Nigeria. Methods: The study employed a cross-sectional study design conducted among 383 respondents utilising simple random sampling techniques...
July 2017: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214965/is-paid-surrogacy-a-form-of-reproductive-prostitution-a-kantian-perspective
#5
Tatiana Patrone
This article reexamines the "prostitution objection" to paid surrogacy, and argues that rebuttals to this objection fail to focus on surrogates as embodied persons. This failure is based on the false distinction between "selling one's reproductive services" and "selling one's body." To ground the analysis of humans as embodied persons, this article uses Kant's late ethical theory, which develops the conceptual framework for understanding human beings as embodied selves. Literature on surrogacy commonly emphasizes that all Kantian duties heed to the categorical prohibition to treat persons as mere means...
January 2018: Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics: CQ: the International Journal of Healthcare Ethics Committees
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197423/amnestic-mci-patients-experiences-after-disclosure-of-their-amyloid-pet-result-in-a-research-context
#6
Gwendolien Vanderschaeghe, Jolien Schaeverbeke, Rose Bruffaerts, Rik Vandenberghe, Kris Dierickx
BACKGROUND: Biomarkers such as amyloid imaging are increasingly used for diagnosis in the early stages of Alzheimer's disease. Very few studies have examined this from the perspective of the patient. To date, there is only limited evidence about how patients experience and value disclosure in an early disease stage. METHODS: Semistructured interviews were carried out with 38 patients with amnestic mild cognitive impairment as part of an investigator-driven diagnostic trial (EudraCT, 2013-004671-12; registered on 20 June 2014) in which participants could opt to know the binary outcome (positive/negative) result of their amyloid positron emission tomography (PET) scan...
December 2, 2017: Alzheimer's Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185463/il-27-but-not-il-35-inhibits-neuroinflammation-through-modulating-gm-csf-expression
#7
Giacomo Casella, Annamaria Finardi, Hélène Descamps, Federico Colombo, Chiara Maiorino, Francesca Ruffini, Marco Patrone, Massimo Degano, Gianvito Martino, Luca Muzio, Burkhard Becher, Roberto Furlan
IL-27 and IL-35 are heterodimeric cytokines, members of the IL-12 family and considered to have immunomodulatory properties. Their role during neuroinflammation had been investigated using mutant mice devoid of either one of their subunits or lacking components of their receptors, yielding conflicting results. We sought to understand the therapeutic potential of IL-27 and IL-35 delivered by gene therapy in neuroinflammation. We constructed lentiviral vectors expressing IL-27 and IL-35 from a single polypeptide chain, and we validated in vitro their biological activity...
November 29, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181290/expanding-the-molecular-ruler-process-through-vapor-deposition-of-hexadecanethiol
#8
Alexandra M Patron, Timothy S Hooker, Daniel F Santavicca, Corey P Causey, Thomas J Mullen
The development of methods to produce nanoscale features with tailored chemical functionalities is fundamental for applications such as nanoelectronics and sensor fabrication. The molecular-ruler process shows great utility for this purpose as it combines top-down lithography for the creation of complex architectures over large areas in conjunction with molecular self-assembly, which enables precise control over the physical and chemical properties of small local features. The molecular-ruler process, which most commonly uses mercaptoalkanoic acids and metal ions to generate metal-ligated multilayers, can be employed to produce registered nanogaps between metal features...
2017: Beilstein Journal of Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180162/using-a-community-theatre-as-a-self-directed-introductory-pharmacy-practice-experience-sd-ippe-site
#9
Thomas S Franko
OBJECTIVE: To describe a novel setting and method for self-directed introductory pharmacy practice experiences (SD IPPE). METHODS: Students presented health care information relative to the plot of a production at a local community theater throughout the season. Students developed a poster and handout that were presented in the theater lobby prior to each production. ASSESSMENT: A six-question survey was provided to students after each presentation that identified their perceived benefit to play patrons and their overall experience using a 5-point Likert scale...
January 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179743/visceral-and-subcutaneous-abdominal-adiposity-and-pulmonary-function-in-30-year-old-adults-a-cross-sectional-analysis-nested-in-a-birth-cohort
#10
Paula Duarte de Oliveira, Fernando César Wehrmeister, Bernardo Lessa Horta, Rogelio Pérez-Padilla, Giovanny Vinícius Araújo de França, Denise P Gigante, Fernando C Barros, Ken K Ong, Emanuella De Lucia Rolfe, Ana Maria Baptista Menezes
BACKGROUND: Several studies have verified body fat distribution in association with pulmonary function (PF), mainly waist circumference, but few have used measures able to distinguish abdominal fat compartments. The present study aims to verify the association of visceral adipose tissue (VAT) and subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) with PF measures. METHODS: In 1982, all hospital births occurring in Pelotas, Brazil, were identified and those livebirths have been followed...
November 28, 2017: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175887/impact-of-us-smoke-free-air-laws-on-restaurants-and-bars-by-employer-size-a-panel-study
#11
Paul Shafer
OBJECTIVES: Thirty states have smoke-free air laws that ban smoking in restaurants and bars, covering nearly two-thirds of the US population. It is well established that these laws generally have a null or positive economic impact on restaurants and bars. However, all establishments in a geographic area are usually treated as a homogeneous group without considering the potential for differential effects by establishment characteristics. This study uses variation in smoke-free air laws over time to estimate their impact on employment in restaurants and bars with a focus on potential differences by employer size (number of employees)...
November 25, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174676/leaf-saponins-of-quillaja-brasiliensis-enhance-long-term-specific-immune-responses-and-promote-dose-sparing-effect-in-bvdv-experimental-vaccines
#12
Samuel Cibulski, Mariana Rivera-Patron, Norma Suárez, Macarena Pirez, Silvina Rossi, Anna Carolina Yendo, Fernanda de Costa, Grace Gosmann, Arthur Fett-Neto, Paulo Michel Roehe, Fernando Silveira
Saponin-based adjuvants are promising adjuvants that enhance both humoral and T-cell-mediated immunity. One of the most used natural products as vaccine adjuvants are Quillaja saponaria bark saponins and its fraction named Quil A®. Despite that, its use has been restricted for human use due to safety issues. As an alternative, our group has been studying the congener species Quillaja brasiliensis saponins and its performance as vaccine adjuvants, which have shown to trigger humoral and cellular immune responses comparable to Quil A® but with milder side effects...
November 22, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165933/transmission-scenarios-of-major-vector-borne-diseases-in-colombia-1990-2016
#13
Julio César Padilla, Fredy Eberto Lizarazo, Olga Lucía Murillo, Fernando Antonio Mendigaña, Edwin Pachón, Mauricio Javier Vera
Introducción. Las enfermedades transmitidas por vectores representan más de 17 % de todas las enfermedades infecciosas y causan anualmente un millón de defunciones a nivel mundial. En Colombia, la malaria, el dengue, la enfermedad de Chagas y las leishmaniasis son condiciones endemoepidémicas persistentes.Objetivo. Determinar el comportamiento epidemiológico de las enfermedades transmitidas por vectores en zonas urbanas y rurales de Colombia entre 1990 y 2016.Materiales y métodos. Se hizo un estudio descriptivo del comportamiento epidemiológico de las principales enfermedades transmitidas por vectores en zonas urbanas y rurales de Colombia entre 1990 y 2016, con la información proveniente de fuentes oficiales secundarias...
March 29, 2017: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162372/genetics-environment-and-asthma-associated-with-celiac-disease-in-the-extended-family-of-an-affected-child
#14
R Sigala-Robles, S V Aguayo-Patrón, A M Calderón de la Barca
INTRODUCTION: Celiac disease (CD) is an autoimmune enteropathy associated with gluten ingestion. In extended families of celiac patients that live in close proximity of one another, shared genetic and environmental factors can predispose them to CD. AIM: The aim of this study was to provide evidence about the genetic and environmental factors involved in the development of CD in the extended family of a pediatric patient. METHODS: The medical history, environmental conditions, and participant weight, height, and peripheral blood samples were evaluated...
November 18, 2017: Revista de Gastroenterología de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161922/existing-issues-and-valid-concerns-in-continuous-flow-ventricular-assist-devices
#15
Roland Hetzer, Eva Maria Delmo Walter
Through concerted endeavours in the fields of surgery, medicine, and biomedical engineering, patronized by government and industry, ventricular assist devices have become an established surgical treatment to support the failing heart, which could easily and simply surpass the frequency of heart transplantation. Be it as it may, complications and adverse events have unfolded, and these facilitated the way to newer biomedically-engineered pump designs in search of the perfect support for a failing heart. Areas covered: This review focuses on the evolution of the continous-flow ventricular assist device as an accepted mode of treatment in advanced heart failure, as a bridge to myocardial recovery, as a bridge to heart transplantation and as a permanent therapy, with its attendant complications and long-term outcome...
December 2017: Expert Review of Medical Devices
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158654/farmers-market-utilization-among-supplemental-nutrition-assistance-program-recipients-in-new-orleans-louisiana-preliminary-findings
#16
Henry Nuss, Meg Skizim, Hasheemah Afaneh, Lucio Miele, Melinda Sothern
Objective: Farmers' markets are increasingly being promoted as a means to provide fresh produce to poor and underserved communities. However, farmers' market (FM) use remains low among low-income patrons. The purpose of our study was to examine FM awareness and use, grocery shopping behaviors, and internet use among Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) recipients. Design: A descriptive analysis of preliminary data was performed to evaluate quantitative baseline data among SNAP recipients between June and August 2016 in New Orleans, Louisiana (N=51)...
2017: Ethnicity & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158653/incentivizing-fruit-and-vegetable-purchasers-at-fresh-markets-in-lower-9th-ward-new-orleans
#17
Rashida Ferdinand, Rosamar Torres, Jennifer Scott, Imran Saeed, Richard Scribner
Objective: Disparities in fruit and vegetable consumption have been observed across income and race-ethnicity and shown to be associated with both access to fresh food venues and price. This study assesses the feasibility of increasing produce consumption by incentivizing fruit and vegetable purchases at local markets. Design: We conducted analyses of a cross-sectional survey of program participants and point-of-sale reports on fruit and vegetable purchases at the fresh food markets...
2017: Ethnicity & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154527/water-quality-survey-of-splash-pads-after-a-waterborne-salmonellosis-outbreak-tennessee-2014
#18
Joshua L Clayton, Judy Manners, Susan Miller, Craig Shepherd, John R Dunn, William Schaffner, Timothy F Jones
Waterborne outbreaks of salmonellosis are uncommon. The Tennessee Department of Health investigated a salmonellosis outbreak of 10 cases with the only common risk factor being exposure to a single splash pad. Risks included water splashed in the face at the splash pad and no free residual chlorine in the water system. We surveyed water quality and patron behaviors at splash pads statewide. Of the 29 splash pads participating in the water quality survey, 24 (83%) used a recirculating water system. Of the 24, 5 (21%) water samples were tested by polymerase chain reaction and found to be positive for E...
June 2017: Journal of Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151272/changes-in-alcohol-policies-and-practices-in-bars-and-restaurants-after-completion-of-manager-focused-responsible-service-training
#19
Kathleen M Lenk, Darin J Erickson, Toben F Nelson, Keith J Horvath, Dawn M Nederhoff, Shanda L Hunt, Alexandra M Ecklund, Traci L Toomey
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Irresponsible and illegal serving practices at bars and restaurants, such as sales to obviously intoxicated patrons, can lead to various public health harms. Training managers of bars and restaurants in the development and promotion of responsible alcohol policies may help prevent risky and illegal alcohol serving practices. DESIGN AND METHODS: We implemented a training program for managers of bars/restaurants designed to establish and promote responsible beverage service policies/practices...
November 19, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147814/health-care-service-utilization-of-documented-and-undocumented-hired-farmworkers-in-the-u-s
#20
Tianyuan Luo, Cesar L Escalante
This article analyzes issues related to U.S. hired farmworkers' utilization of health care services and their specific choices among health care provider and health bill payment method options. Using data from the National Agricultural Workers Surveys for the years 2000-2012, this article employs propensity score matching and probit estimation techniques to examine the health care utilization of hired farmworkers. This study's results indicate that undocumented hired farmworkers are 10.7 and 3% less likely to use U...
November 16, 2017: European Journal of Health Economics: HEPAC: Health Economics in Prevention and Care
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