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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818491/cryotherapy-versus-high-intensity-focused-ultrasound-for-treating-prostate-cancer-oncological-and-functional-results
#1
F Donis Canet, M D Sánchez Gallego, F Arias Fúnez, G Duque Ruíz, I Laso, J Brasero Burgos, J Lorca Álvaro, V Gómez Dos Santos, R Rodríguez Patrón, F J Burgos Revilla
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: The increasingly early diagnosis of prostate cancer requires a search for therapeutic alternatives with good oncological results that in turn facilitate a good long-term quality of life. This review analyses 2 minimally invasive therapies for treating localised prostate cancer in terms of oncological and functional results, as well as the complications resulting from the therapies. ACQUISITION OF EVIDENCE: A systematic literature review was conducted of the treatment of localised prostate cancer with 2 ablative techniques as the primary therapy: cryosurgery or cryotherapy and high intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU)...
August 14, 2017: Actas Urologicas Españolas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818250/bars-nightclubs-and-cancer-prevention-new-approaches-to-reduce-young-adult-cigarette-smoking
#2
Pamela M Ling, Louisa M Holmes, Jeffrey W Jordan, Nadra E Lisha, Kirsten Bibbins-Domingo
INTRODUCTION: Tobacco contributes to multiple cancers, and it is largely preventable. As overall smoking prevalence in California declines, smoking has become concentrated among high-risk groups. Targeting social/cultural groups (i.e., "peer crowds") that share common values, aspirations, and activities in social venues like bars and nightclubs may reach high-risk young adult smokers. Lack of population data on young adult peer crowds limits the ability to assess the potential reach of such interventions...
September 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809771/efficacy-of-human-immunodeficiency-virus-sexually-transmitted-infection-trial-on-condom-use-among-heterosexual-men-patronizing-entertainment-establishments-who-engaged-in-casual-or-paid-sex-in-singapore
#3
Raymond Boon Tar Lim, Dede Kam Tyng Tham, Bee Choo Tai, P Ganesan Adaikan, Mee Lian Wong
BACKGROUND: We assessed the efficacy of a multi-component sexual health promotion program on condom use and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/sexually transmitted infection (STI) testing among heterosexual men (HSM) patronizing entertainment establishments who engaged in casual or paid sex in Singapore. METHODS: This was a quasi-experimental trial with a comparison group using cross-sectional surveys at baseline and 6 months postintervention. A locality patronized by local HSM was assigned the intervention, a comparable and distant area served as the comparison site...
September 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801982/influence-of-practitioner-expertise-during-early-pregnancy-diagnosis-on-pregnancy-loss-rate-a-controlled-blinded-trial
#4
R Patron, I López-Helguera, F Sebastián, J-L Pesantez-Pacheco, N Pérez-Villalobos, J Vicente González Martín, O Fargas, S Astiz
A controlled field trial was conducted to assess the potential influence of practitioner inexperience during early pregnancy diagnosis with ultrasound (PD-US) on the risk of pregnancy loss. A veterinarian with more than 10 years' experience in PD-US (Vet-A) and a veterinarian with fewer than 12 months' experience at the start of the study (Vet-B) visited the same dairy farm once a week for 33 and 26 weeks, respectively. The two veterinarians did not interact with each other at any time during the study, nor did they know that their data would later be used in this study...
August 11, 2017: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777684/concussion-history-hazardous-drinking-and-brac-levels-among-a-sample-of-bar-patrons-2015
#5
Ryan J Martin, Beth H Chaney, Joseph G L Lee
BACKGROUND: Alcohol consumption and experiencing a concussion are positively correlated. Concussion history has not been examined previously in any alcohol field study (i.e., conducted in a natural setting). OBJECTIVE: To better understand the relationship between concussion history and alcohol consumption. METHODS: We conducted two anonymous field studies among a 2015 sample of bar patrons (N = 544; 62.5% males) in a college town to assess concussion history and two alcohol consumption measures: (1) breath alcohol concentration (BrAC) levels and (2) hazardous drinking scores (based on the AUDIT-C)...
August 4, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777198/nosocomial-infections-during-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-incidence-etiology-and-impacton-patients-outcome
#6
Giacomo Grasselli, Vittorio Scaravilli, Stefano Di Bella, Stefano Biffi, Michela Bombino, Nicolò Patroniti, Luca Bisi, Anna Maria Peri, Antonio Pesenti, Andrea Gori, Laura Alagna
OBJECTIVE: To study incidence, type, etiology, risk factors, and impact on outcome of nosocomial infections during extracorporeal membrane oxygenation. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data. SETTING: Italian tertiary referral center medical-surgical ICU. PATIENTS: One hundred five consecutive patients who were treated with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation from January 2010 to November 2015...
August 2, 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761606/malaria-morbidity-and-mortality-trends-in-manicaland-province-zimbabwe-2005-2014
#7
Faith Mutsigiri, Patron Trish Mafaune, More Mungati, Gerald Shambira, Donewell Bangure, Tsitsi Juru, Notion Tafara Gombe, Mufuta Tshimanga
INTRODUCTION: Zimbabwe targets reducing malaria incidence from 22/1000 in 2012 to 10/1000 by 2017, and malaria deaths to near zero by 2017. As the country moves forward with the malaria elimination efforts, it is crucial to monitor trends in malaria morbidity and mortality in the affected areas. In 2013, Manicaland Province contributed 51% of all malaria cases and 35% of all malaria deaths in Zimbabwe. This analysis describes the trends in malaria incidence, case fatality and malaria outpatient workload compared to the general outpatient workload...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761599/factors-associated-with-severe-malaria-among-children-below-ten-years-in-mutasa-and-nyanga-districts-zimbabwe-2014-2015
#8
Faith Mutsigiri-Murewanhema, Patron Trish Mafaune, Gerald Shambira, Tsitsi Juru, Donewell Bangure, More Mungati, Notion Tafara Gombe, Mufuta Tshimanga
INTRODUCTION: Severe malaria is a rare life threatening illness. Only a small proportion of patients with clinical malaria progress to this medical emergency. On reviewing 61 malaria death investigation forms submitted to the provincial office in 2014, 22(36%) were children below ten years who succumbed to severe malaria. Mutasa and Nyanga Districts reported 73% of these deaths. This study was conducted to determine factors associated with severe malaria so as to come up with evidence based interventions to prevent severe malaria and associated mortality...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740132/absence-of-tissue-inhibitor-of-metalloproteinase-4-timp4-ameliorates-high-fat-diet-induced-obesity-in-mice-due-to-defective-lipid-absorption
#9
Siva S V P Sakamuri, Russell Watts, Abhijit Takawale, Xiuhua Wang, Samuel Hernandez-Anzaldo, Wesam Bahitham, Carlos Fernandez-Patron, Richard Lehner, Zamaneh Kassiri
Tissue inhibitor of metalloproteases (TIMPs) are inhibitors of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) that regulate tissue extracellular matrix (ECM) turnover. TIMP4 is highly expressed in adipose tissue, its levels are further elevated following high-fat diet, but its role in obesity is unknown. Eight-week old wild-type (WT) and Timp4-knockout (Timp4 (-/-)) mice received chow or high fat diet (HFD) for twelve weeks. Timp4 (-/-) mice exhibited a higher food intake but lower body fat gain. Adipose tissue of Timp4 (-/-) -HFD mice showed reduced hypertrophy and fibrosis compared to WT-HFD mice...
July 24, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735982/a-standardized-donor-designation-ratio-to-assess-the-performance-of-driver-s-license-agencies
#10
N K R Sehgal, C Sullivan, M Figueroa, J A Pencak, D Einstadter, J D Thornton
Evaluating Department of Motor Vehicles (DMV) locations based on the percent of patrons who register as donors does not account for individual characteristics that may influence willingness to donate. We reviewed the driver's licenses of 2997 randomly selected patients at an urban medical system to obtain donor designation, age, gender, and DMV location and linked patient addresses with census tract data on race, ethnicity, income, and education. We then developed a Standardized Donor Designation Ratio (SDDR) (ie, the observed number of donors at each DMV divided by the expected number of donors based on patient demographic characteristics)...
July 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729921/an-outbreak-of-foodborne-norovirus-gastroenteritis-linked-to-a-restaurant-in-melbourne-australia-2014
#11
Shaun P Coutts, Kaye Sturge, Karin Lalor, John A Marshall, Leesa D Bruggink, Nela Subasinghe, Marion Easton
INTRODUCTION: In May 2014 an outbreak of norovirus occurred among patrons of a restaurant in Melbourne, Australia. Investigations were conducted to identify the infectious agent, mode of transmission and source of illness, and to implement controls to prevent further transmission. METHODS: A retrospective case-control study was conducted to test the hypothesis that food served at the restaurant between 9 and 15 May 2014 was the vehicle for infection. A structured questionnaire was used to collect demographic, illness and food exposure data from study participants...
April 2017: Western Pacific Surveillance and Response Journal: WPSAR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723999/moving-towards-south-south-international-health-debts-and-challenges-in-the-regional-health-agenda
#12
María Belén Herrero
The aim of this paper is twofold. First, it aims to investigate the increased interest in health as an important dimension of the foreign policy and diplomatic concerns together with the emergence of a new framework for regional health integration and regional health diplomacy. Second, it seeks to understand the role and practices of new regional blocs in the field of health and whether they are conducting to the emergence of new strategies for addressing health regional policies in South America. The regional policy process relates to health as a right...
July 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714814/using-time-driven-activity-based-costing-to-implement-change
#13
Ellen N Sayed, Sa'ad Laws, Basim Uthman
Academic medical libraries have responded to changes in technology, evolving professional roles, reduced budgets, and declining traditional services. Libraries that have taken a proactive role to change have seen their librarians emerge as collaborators and partners with faculty and researchers, while para-professional staff is increasingly overseeing traditional services. This article addresses shifting staff and schedules at a single-service-point information desk by using time-driven activity-based costing to determine the utilization of resources available to provide traditional library services...
July 2017: Medical Reference Services Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713805/the-benefits-and-challenges-of-managing-asthma-in-hispanic-families-in-south-texas-a-mixed-methods-study
#14
Genny Carrillo, Maria J Perez-Patron, Rose L Lucio, Lucia Cabrera, Alyssa Trevino, Xiaohui Xu, Nelda Mier
BACKGROUND: Understanding the experience of Hispanic parents of children diagnosed with asthma can be useful in the delivery of effective and meaningful asthma education. In order to assess the needs of Hispanic families with asthmatic children in South Texas, investigators utilized a combination of qualitative and quantitative research methods. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed (1) to assess the impact of asthma in the quality of life of Hispanic children and their families and (2) to identify barriers and challenges to asthma management as perceived by parents of children diagnosed with asthma...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710711/hiv-risk-behaviors-and-social-support-among-men-and-women-attending-alcohol-serving-venues-in-south-africa-implications-for-hiv-prevention
#15
Jennifer Velloza, Melissa H Watt, Laurie Abler, Donald Skinner, Seth C Kalichman, Alexis C Dennis, Kathleen J Sikkema
Alcohol use is associated with increased HIV-risk behaviors, including unprotected sex and number of sex partners. Alcohol-serving venues can be places to engage in HIV-related sexual risk behaviors, but are also important sites of social support for patrons, which may mitigate risks. We sought to examine the relationship between alcohol-serving venue attendance, social support, and HIV-related sexual risk behavior, by gender, in South Africa. Adult patrons (n = 496) were recruited from six alcohol-serving venues and completed surveys assessing frequency of venue attendance, venue-based social support, and recent sexual behaviors...
July 14, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710327/smoke-free-signage-in-public-parks-impacts-on-smoking-behaviour
#16
Heather N Platter, Steven B Pokorny
OBJECTIVE: Behavioural interventions, such as smoke-free signage, are used to support air quality in public outdoor spaces that are not protected by a smoke-free policy, such as states with preemptive clause legislation. However, there is little evidence of the effectiveness of these interventions. This paper is an evaluation of whether smoke-free signage posted in public parks altered smoking behaviours of park patrons. METHODS: A time-series quasi-experimental design was used...
July 14, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701143/smrt-gate-a-method-for-validation-of-synthetic-constructs-on-pacific-biosciences-sequencing-platforms
#17
Rosalinda D'Amore, James Johnson, Sam Haldenby, Neil Hall, Margaret Hughes, Ryan Joynson, John G Kenny, Nicola Patron, Christiane Hertz-Fowler, Anthony Hall
Current DNA assembly methods are prone to sequence errors, requiring rigorous quality control (QC) to identify incorrect assemblies or synthesized constructs. Such errors can lead to misinterpretation of phenotypes. Because of this intrinsic problem, routine QC analysis is generally performed on three or more clones using a combination of restriction endonuclease assays, colony PCR, and Sanger sequencing. However, as new automation methods emerge that enable high-throughput assembly, QC using these techniques has become a major bottleneck...
July 1, 2017: BioTechniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693461/social-network-correlates-of-hiv-risk-related-behaviors-among-male-migrants-in-china
#18
Wenqing Wang, Kathryn E Muessig
BACKGROUND: Significant domestic and global research has focused on HIV risk among China's large internal migrant population. Much of this work takes an individual behavior approach while ignoring the critical role social networks play in shaping HIV risk. METHODS: Based on past studies among migrant men in China of yingchou activities (activities that build and reinforce social networks such as eating, drinking alcohol and patronizing commercial sex), we constructed ego-centric networks for a sample of 385 male migrants recruited from multiple worksites in Beijing...
May 17, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687484/participation-of-locus-coeruleus-in-breathing-control-in-female-rats
#19
Débora de Carvalho, Luis Gustavo A Patrone, Danuzia A Marques, Mariane C Vicente, Raphael E Szawka, Janete A Anselmo-Franci, Kênia C Bícego, Luciane H Gargaglioni
Several evidences indicate that the locus coeruleus (LC) is involved in central chemoreception responding to CO2/pH and displaying a high percentage of chemosensitive neurons (>80%). However, there are no studies about the LC-mediated hypercapnic ventilation performed in females. Therefore, we assessed the role of noradrenergic LC neurons in non-ovariectomized (NOVX), ovariectomized (OVX) and estradiol (E2)-treated ovariectomized (OVX+E2) rats in respiratory response to hypercapnia, using a 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) - lesion model...
July 4, 2017: Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683518/factors-associated-with-self-estimated-breath-alcohol-concentration-among-bar-patrons
#20
Matthew E Rossheim, Adam E Barry, Dennis L Thombs, Robert M Weiler, Jenna R Krall, Caroline J Stephenson, Scott T Walters, Mark B Reed, John D Clapp, Sumihiro Suzuki, Tracey E Barnett, M Brad Cannell
BACKGROUND: Few studies have examined the context in which drinkers underestimate their breath alcohol concentration (BrAC) in natural drinking environments. This study examined factors associated with bar patrons' self-estimated BrAC in high-risk college town settings. METHODS: Guided interview and BrAC data were collected from 510 participants recruited as they exited bars located close to large universities: 1 in Florida and 1 in Texas. RESULTS: Participants with the highest measured BrACs underestimated their BrAC levels the most...
July 6, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
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