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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040075/development-of-recreational-water-spray-ground-design-regulations-in-new-york-state-an-engineering-approach
#1
John D Paccione, David M Dziewulski, Pamela L Young
The New York State Department of Health developed regulations for the design and operation of spray grounds to address the potential for recreational water illnesses associated with this type of venue. The water treatment component of the new regulation was based on a first-principles approach to address the unique challenges of spray grounds. The regulation departs from traditional recreational water treatment methods by requiring a novel filtration approach and the installation of UV disinfection. The water treatment system was also required to incorporate automatic control systems to ensure the water quality is maintained with a minimum of operator involvement...
October 2017: Journal of Water and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028854/clinical-insights-and-emerging-strategies-in-managing-cutaneous-t-cell-lymphoma
#2
Christina C Patrone, Larisa J Geskin
<p>Mycosis Fungoides and Sézary Syndrome, the two most common types of Cutaneous T-Cell Lymphoma (CTCL), present many management challenges for dermatologists. Here, we provide a comprehensive review of up-to-date literature, guidelines, and expert clinical insights. We highlight the updates in the World Health Organization Classification of Cutaneous Lymphomas; we summarize the epidemiology, including a recently observed stabilization of increasing incidence of CTCL in the past decade and increased incidence in males, blacks, and veterans; we also provide the most recent updates on prognostic factors for CTCL...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027663/the-role-of-cardiac-vagal-tone-and-inhibitory-control-in-pre-schoolers-listening-comprehension
#3
Sara Scrimin, Elisabetta Patron, Elena Florit, Daniela Palomba, Lucia Mason
This study investigated the role of basal cardiac activity and inhibitory control at the beginning of the school year in predicting oral comprehension at the end of the year in pre-schoolers. Forty-three, 4-year-olds participated in the study. At the beginning of the school year children's electrocardiogram at rest was registered followed by the assessment of inhibitory control as well as verbal working memory and verbal ability. At the end of the year all children were administered a listening comprehension ability measure...
October 13, 2017: Developmental Psychobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027464/thermal-stability-enhanced-and-high-efficiency-planar-perovskite-solar-cells-with-interface-passivation
#4
Weihai Zhang, Juan Xiong, Li Jiang, Jianying Wang, Tao Mei, Xianbao Wang, Haoshuang Gu, Walid A Daoud, Jinhua Li
As electron transport layer (ETL) of perovskite solar cells, oxide semiconductor Zinc oxide (ZnO) has been attracted great attention due to its relatively high mobility, optical transparency, low temperature fabrication and good environment stability. However, the nature of ZnO will react with the patron on methylamine, which would deteriorate the performances of cells. Although many methods including high temperature annealing, doping and surface modification have been studied to improve the efficiency and stability of perovskite solar cells with ZnO ETL, devices remains relatively low efficiency and stability...
October 13, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020255/mini-fecal-microbiota-transplantation-mini-fmt-for-treatment-of-clostridium-difficile-proctitis-following-total-colectomy
#5
Robert Orenstein, Kara King, Roberto L Patron, John K DiBaise, David Etzioni
Rarely, in fulminant Clostridium difficile infection, the rectal stump is persistently infected following total abdominal colectomy. We report cure of a septic patient with proctitis by fecal microbiota transplant via rectal swabs (mini-FMT). This novel procedure offers a management option for recurrent CDI following total abdominal colectomy.
August 17, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984482/public-library-staff-as-community-health-partners-training-program-design-and-evaluation
#6
Anna U Morgan, Bernadette A D'Alonzo, Roxanne Dupuis, Eliza D Whiteman, Stacey Kallem, Autumn McClintock, Joel A Fein, Heather Klusaritz, Carolyn C Cannuscio
Public libraries are free and open to all-and accessed at high rates by vulnerable populations-which positions them to be key public health allies. However, library staff themselves often feel ill-equipped to address the health and social concerns of their patrons. To fill this gap, we developed a case-based training curriculum to help library staff recognize, engage, and refer vulnerable patrons to appropriate resources. Topics addressed in the training, including homelessness, mental health and substance use disorders, immigration, and trauma, were selected based on findings from a prior community needs assessment...
October 1, 2017: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983195/advancing-the-conversation-next-steps-for-lesbian-gay-bisexual-trans-and-queer-lgbtq-health-sciences-librarianship
#7
Blake W Hawkins, Martin Morris, Tony Nguyen, John Siegel, Emily Vardell
In recent years, librarians in various sectors have been moving forward a conversation on the distinct information needs and information-seeking behavior of our lesbian, gay, bisexual, trans, and queer (LGBTQ) patrons and how well the profession recognizes and meets those needs. Health sciences librarianship has been slower than other areas of the profession in creating an evidence base covering the needs of its LGBTQ patrons, with, until recently, only very limited literature on this subject. LGBTQ health sciences librarianship is now starting to attract new interest, with librarians working together to bring this emerging specialization to the attention of the broader professional community...
October 2017: Journal of the Medical Library Association: JMLA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982355/queensland-alcohol-related-violence-and-night-time-economy-monitoring-project-quantem-a-study-protocol
#8
Peter G Miller, Jason Ferris, Kerri Coomber, Renee Zahnow, Nicholas Carah, Heng Jiang, Kypros Kypri, Tanya Chikritzhs, Alan Clough, Michael Livingston, Dominique de Andrade, Robin Room, Sarah Callinan, Ashlee Curtis, Richelle Mayshak, Nicolas Droste, Belinda Lloyd, Sharon Matthews, Nicholas Taylor, Meredythe Crane, Michael Thorn, Jake Najman
BACKGROUND: Alcohol-related harm is a substantial burden on the community in Australia and internationally, particularly harm related to risky drinking practices of young people in the night-time economy. This protocol paper describes a study that will report on the changes in a wide range of health and justice outcome measures associated with major policy changes in the state of Queensland, Australia. A key element includes trading hours restrictions for licensed premises to 2 am for the state and 3 am in Safe Night Precincts (SNPs)...
October 5, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975483/characteristics-associated-with-smoking-among-patrons-of-three-philadelphia-parks
#9
Russell K McIntire, David Singer, Brittany DiVito, Vincent Basile, Melissa DiCarlo, Eileen German, Colleen Payton
To create healthy public spaces, Philadelphia prohibits smoking in city-owned and operated parks. Identifying the prevalence and characteristics of smoking in Philadelphia Parks would be useful for monitoring purposes; yet no studies have collected this data. This study identified the prevalence and characteristics of smoking among adult patrons entering three Philadelphia Parks (Washington Square Park, Independence Square Park, and Louis Kahn Park). During May and June 2016, we observed patrons entering the parks on Thursday afternoons...
October 3, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972531/libraries-and-librarians-key-partners-for-progress-in-health-literacy-research-and-practice
#10
Wanda Whitney, Alla Keselman, Betsy Humphreys
The field of librarianship has a history of involvement in patient education, general literacy and information literacy efforts. This history and prominent placement in communities make libraries and librarians an excellent resource in advancing health literacy practice and research. This chapter provides an overview of health literacy and health information literacy efforts in US libraries over the past two decades. The chapter begins with the description of the role of the US National Library of Medicine in developing resources, programs, and partnerships serving health information needs of the public...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960556/incidence-of-pyrrolizidine-alkaloids-in-herbal-medicines-from-german-retail-markets-risk-assessments-and-implications-to-consumers
#11
Emmanuel Letsyo, Gerold Jerz, Peter Winterhalter, Rainer Lindigkeit, Till Beuerle
The occurrence of potentially toxic pyrrolizidine alkaloids (PAs) in herbal medicines (HMs) is currently intensely being discussed in Europe. Pyrrolizidine alkaloids, particularly the 1,2-unsaturated PAs, are undesired compounds in HMs due to their potential hepatotoxic and carcinogenic properties. In this study, 98 widely patronized HMs from six popular German retail supermarkets/drugstores, as well as from pharmacies, were analyzed by high-performance liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization-tandem mass spectrometry for the presence of PAs...
September 28, 2017: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959681/toxicological-evaluation-of-the-flavour-ingredient-n-1-4-amino-2-2-dioxido-1h-benzo-c-1-2-6-thiadiazin-5-yl-oxy-2-methylpropan-2-yl-2-6-dimethylisonicotinamide-s2218
#12
Donald S Karanewsky, Guy Servant, Hanghui Liu, Bert Chi, Lily Ida, Michael Saganich, Sara Werner, Joseph R Fotsing, Andrew Patron, Catherine Tachdjian, Amy Arthur
A toxicological evaluation of N-(1-((4-amino-2,2-dioxido-1H-benzo[c][1,2,6]thiadiazin-5-yl)oxy)-2-methylpropan-2-yl)-2,6-dimethylisonicotinamide (S2218; CAS 1622458-34-7), a flavour with modifying properties, was completed for the purpose of assessing its safety for use in food and beverage applications. S2218 exhibited minimal oxidative metabolism in vitro, and in rat pharmacokinetic studies, the compound was poorly orally bioavailable and rapidly eliminated. S2218 was not found to be mutagenic in an in vitro bacterial reverse mutation assay, and was found to be neither clastogenic nor aneugenic in an in vitro mammalian cell micronucleus assay...
2017: Toxicology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28950857/utilization-of-community-based-health-planning-and-services-compounds-in-the-kintampo-north-municipality-a-cross-sectional-descriptive-correlational-study
#13
Kenneth Wiru, Akwasi Kumi-Kyereme, Emmanuel N Mahama, Seeba Amenga-Etego, Seth Owusu-Agyei
BACKGROUND: The Community-based Health Planning and Services (CHPS) initiative was introduced to improve coverage and utilization of basic health services for people in remote rural communities whose use of orthodox health services was hitherto limited by distance. To achieve this aim, the scheme has so far been scaled up to several communities nationwide as part of government's agenda to improve the general wellbeing of the populace. The objectives of this study were to examine the extent of patronage of CHPS compounds in the Kintampo North Municipality, factors associated with their use and challenges faced by community members regarding the use of these facilities...
September 26, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941925/dynamic-patterns-of-testosterone-levels-within-individuals-and-risk-of-prostate-cancer-among-hypogonadal-men-a-longitudinal-study
#14
Xiaohui Xu, Xiao Zhang, Yan Zhong, Farid Saad, Maria J Perez-Patron, Karim Haider, Ahmad Haider
PURPOSE: We proposed to investigate whether dynamic patterns of testosterone (T) levels contribute to risk of prostate cancer (PCa). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We used data from 376 untreated hypogonadal men (T ≤ 12.1 nmol/L) recruited from a urology office in Germany. Study entry age was used as a surrogate for age at first detecting T below 12.1 nmol/L; three indicators, the coefficient of variation (CV), the ratio of the largest decline relative to the mean (MMDRM), and the median of the maximum declines (MMD) were derived to measure the dynamic patterns of T within an individual...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934187/respiratory-and-ocular-symptoms-among-employees-of-an-indoor-waterpark-resort-ohio-2016
#15
Sophia K Chiu, Nancy C Burton, Kevin H Dunn, Marie A de Perio
In July 2015, a municipal health department in Ohio received complaints of respiratory and ocular symptoms from patrons of an indoor waterpark resort. In response, the health department conducted an online survey in August 2015 through which 19 (68%) patron and employee respondents reported eye burning, nose irritation, difficulty breathing, and vomiting. On August 11, 2015, the health department requested a health hazard evaluation by CDC's National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health to characterize the prevalence of symptoms among employees and determine the etiology of work-related symptoms...
September 22, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924399/changing-the-rules-of-the-game-how-do-we-measure-success-in-social-media
#16
REVIEW
Aisling M Hogan, Desmond C Winter
Ours will be the generation proud to say we shifted the sands of educational deserts by open access and proliferation, seeding of data sharing, and watering grassroots research in resource-compromised environments. Universal "social" media is defining features of modern professional life that provide powerful modes of knowledge acquisition/sharing to that end. Altmetric and other measurements stratify academic communications according to this alternate, online media presence (not academic penetrance). Are they meaningless, self-absorbed integers, or reliable yardsticks of scientific and educational prowess? Far beyond this trite, patronizing question from the minds of outdated, terrified technophobes, the real impact of "social" media is not narcissistic solipsism...
September 2017: Clinics in Colon and Rectal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905395/st-louis-encephalitis-virus-possibly-transmitted-through-blood-transfusion-arizona-2015
#17
Heather Venkat, Laura Adams, Rebecca Sunenshine, Elisabeth Krow-Lucal, Craig Levy, Tammy Kafenbaum, Tammy Sylvester, Kirk Smith, John Townsend, Melissa Dosmann, Hany Kamel, Roberto Patron, Matthew Kuehnert, Pallavi Annambhotla, Sridhar V Basavaraju, Ingrid B Rabe
BACKGROUND: St. Louis encephalitis virus is a mosquito-borne flavivirus that infrequently causes epidemic central nervous system infections. In the United States, blood donors are not screened for St. Louis encephalitis virus infection, and transmission through blood transfusion has not been reported. During September 2015, St. Louis encephalitis virus infection was confirmed in an Arizona kidney transplant recipient. An investigation was initiated to determine the infection source. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: The patient was interviewed, and medical records were reviewed...
September 14, 2017: Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905329/kant-s-formula-of-humanity-and-assisted-reproductive-technology-a-case-for-duties-to-future-children
#18
Tatiana Patrone
The paper asks the question whether Kant's ethical theory can be applied to issues in assisted reproductive technology (ART). It argues against three objections to applying Kant's ethics to ART: (i) the non-identity objection, (ii) the gen-ethics objection, and (iii) the care-ethics objection. After showing that neither of the three objections is sufficiently persuasive the paper proposes a reading of Kant's 'formula of humanity,' and especially its negative clause (i.e., the 'merely as means' clause), that can be of some guidance in ART...
September 13, 2017: Monash Bioethics Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904729/evaluation-of-the-maternal-mortality-surveillance-system-in-mutare-district-zimbabwe-2014-2015-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
Faith Mutsigiri-Murewanhema, Patron Trish Mafaune, Tsitsi Juru, Notion Tafara Gombe, Donewell Bangure, More Mungati, Mufuta Tshimanga
INTRODUCTION: In Zimbabwe the integrated disease surveillance and response guidelines include maternal mortality as a notifiable event reported through the Maternal Mortality Surveillance System (MMSS). A preliminary review of the MMSS data for Mutare district for the period January to June 2014 revealed that there were some discrepancies in cases notified and those captured on the T5 monthly return form. There were also delays in reporting of some maternal deaths. Poor reporting indicated shortcomings in the MMSS in Mutare district and we therefore sought to assess the performance of the maternal mortality surveillance system in Mutare district...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902932/non-pharmacological-interventions-to-promote-the-sleep-of-patients-after-cardiac-surgery-a-systematic-review
#20
Fernanda de Souza Machado, Regina Claudia da Silva Souza, Vanessa Brito Poveda, Ana Lucia Siqueira Costa
Objective: to analyze evidence available in the literature concerning non-pharmacological interventions that are effective to treat altered sleep patterns among patients who underwent cardiac surgery. Method: systematic review conducted in the National Library of Medicine-National Institutes of Health, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences Literature, Scopus, Embase, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature and PsycINFO databases, and also grey literature...
September 12, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
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