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Alice Indini, Elisabetta Schiavello, Veronica Biassoni, Luca Bergamaschi, Maria Chiara Magni, Nadia Puma, Stefano Chiaravalli, Federica Pallotti, Ettore Seregni, Barbara Diletto, Emilia Pecori, Lorenza Gandola, Geraldina Poggi, Maura Massimino
To assess the long-term safety of administering growth hormone (GH) in patients with GH deficiency due to treatment for childhood medulloblastoma and primitive neuroectodermal tumor (PNET). Data were retrospectively retrieved on children receiving GH supplementation, assessing their disease-free and overall survival outcomes and risk of secondary malignancies using Kaplan-Meier and Cox models. Overall 65 children were consecutively collected from May 1981 to April 2013. All patients had undergone craniospinal irradiation (total dose 18-39 Gy), and subsequently received GH for a median (interquartile range, IQR) of 81 (50...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Neuro-oncology
Sasha C Voss, Paola Magni, Ian Dadour, Christian Nansen
Forensic entomology is primarily concerned with the estimation of time since death and involves determination of the age of immature insects colonising decomposing remains. Accurate age determination of puparia is usually accomplished by dissection, which means destructive sampling of evidence. As part of improving abilities to correctly identify species and developmental age, it is highly desirable to have available non-destructive methods. In this study, we acquired external hyperspectral imaging (HSI) data (77 spectral bands, 389-892 nm) from the dorsal and ventral sides of individual puparia of two species of blowfly (Diptera: Calliphoridae), Calliphora dubia Macquart 1855 and Chrysomya rufifacies Macquart 1842...
October 21, 2016: International Journal of Legal Medicine
Massimiliano Ruscica, Chiara Pavanello, Sara Gandini, Monica Gomaraschi, Cecilia Vitali, Chiara Macchi, Beatrice Morlotti, Gilda Aiello, Raffaella Bosisio, Laura Calabresi, Anna Arnoldi, Cesare R Sirtori, Paolo Magni
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular diseases are currently the commonest cause of death worldwide. Different strategies for their primary prevention have been planned, taking into account the main known risk factors, which include an atherogenic lipid profile and visceral fat excess. METHODS: The study was designed as a randomized, parallel, single-center study with a nutritional intervention duration of 12 weeks. Whole soy foods corresponding to 30 g/day soy protein were given in substitution of animal foods containing the same protein amount...
October 18, 2016: European Journal of Nutrition
Clizia Chinello, Vincenzo L'Imperio, Martina Stella, Andrew James Smith, Giorgio Bovo, Angelica Grasso, Marco Grasso, Francesca Raimondo, Marina Pitto, Fabio Pagni, Fulvio Magni
Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is the most fatal of the common urologic cancers, with approximately 35% of patients dying within 5 years following diagnosis. Therefore, there is a need for non-invasive markers that are capable of detecting and determining the severity of small renal masses at an early stage in order to tailor treatment and follow-up. Proteomic studies have proved to be very useful in the study of tumors. Areas covered: In this review, we will detail the current knowledge obtained by the different proteomic approaches, focusing on MS-based strategies, used to investigate RCC biology in order to identify diagnostic, prognostic and predictive biomarkers on tissue, cultured cells and biological fluids...
October 17, 2016: Expert Review of Proteomics
Johannes Roth, Viviana Ravagnani, Marina Backhaus, Peter Balint, Alessandra Bruns, George A Bruyn, Paz Collado, Lorenia De la Cruz, Severine Guillaume-Czitrom, Troels Herlin, Cristina Hernandez, Annamaria Iagnocco, Sandrine Jousse-Joulin, Stefano Lanni, Vibke Lilleby, Clara Malattia, Silvia Magni-Manzoni, Consuelo Modesto, Ana Narrodi, Juan-Carlos Nieto, Sarah Ohrndorf, Linda Rossi, Anne-Marit Selvaag, Nanno Swen, Tracy Ting, Nikolay Tzaribachev, Patricia Vega-Fernandez, Jelena Vojinovic, Daniel Windschall, Maria-Antonietta D'Agostino, Esperanza Naredo
Objectives Musculoskeletal ultrasonography (US) has the potential to be an important tool in the assessment of disease activity in childhood arthritides. To assess pathology, clear definitions for synovitis need to be developed first. The aim of this study was to develop and validate these definitions through an international consensus process. Methods The decision on which US techniques to use, the components to be included in the definitions as well as the final wording were developed by 31 ultrasound experts in a consensus process...
October 16, 2016: Arthritis Care & Research
Juliana Sorraila de Oliveira, Fátima Husein Abdalla, Guilherme Lopes Dornelles, Stephen Adeniyi Adefegha, Taís Vidal Palma, Cristiane Signor, Jamile da Silva Bernardi, Jucimara Baldissarelli, Luana Suéling Lenz, Luana Pereira Magni, Maribel Antonello Rubin, Micheli Mainardi Pillat, Cinthia Melazzo de Andrade
The present study aimed to investigate the effects of berberine (BRB) on spatial and learning memory, anxiety, acetylcholinesterase activity and cell death in an experimental model of intracerebroventricular streptozotocin (ICV-STZ) induced sporadic Alzheimer's-like dementia. Sixty male Wistar rats were randomly divided into six groups: control (CTR), BRB 50mg/kg (BRB 50), BRB 100mg/kg (BRB 100), streptozotocin (STZ), streptozotocin plus BRB 50mg/kg (STZ+BRB 50), and streptozotocin plus BRB 100mg/kg (STZ+BRB 100)...
October 13, 2016: Neurotoxicology
E Ammannito, M C DeSanctis, M Ciarniello, A Frigeri, F G Carrozzo, J-Ph Combe, B L Ehlmann, S Marchi, H Y McSween, A Raponi, M J Toplis, F Tosi, J C Castillo-Rogez, F Capaccioni, M T Capria, S Fonte, M Giardino, R Jaumann, A Longobardo, S P Joy, G Magni, T B McCord, L A McFadden, E Palomba, C M Pieters, C A Polanskey, M D Rayman, C A Raymond, P M Schenk, F Zambon, C T Russell
The dwarf planet Ceres is known to host phyllosilicate minerals at its surface, but their distribution and origin have not previously been determined. We used the spectrometer onboard the Dawn spacecraft to map their spatial distribution on the basis of diagnostic absorption features in the visible and near-infrared spectral range (0.25 to 5.0 micrometers). We found that magnesium- and ammonium-bearing minerals are ubiquitous across the surface. Variations in the strength of the absorption features are spatially correlated and indicate considerable variability in the relative abundance of the phyllosilicates, although their composition is fairly uniform...
September 2, 2016: Science
J Kropff, J DeJong, S Del Favero, J Place, M Messori, B Coestier, A Farret, F Boscari, S Galasso, A Avogaro, D Bruttomesso, C Cobelli, E Renard, L Magni, J H DeVries
AIM: To assess the impact on fear of hypoglycaemia and treatment satisfaction with an artificial pancreas system used for 2 consecutive months, as well as participant acceptance of the artificial pancreas system. METHODS: In a randomized crossover trial participant-related outcomes associated with an evening-and-night artificial pancreas and sensor-augmented pump therapy were compared. Both intervention periods lasted 8 weeks. The artificial pancreas acceptance questionnaire (range 0-90, higher scores better), Hypoglycaemia Fear Survey II (range 0-72, higher scores worse) and Diabetes Treatment Satisfaction Questionnaire (range 0-36, higher scores better) were completed by 32 participants...
October 1, 2016: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
Gianna Camiciottoli, Francesca Bigazzi, Chiara Magni, Viola Bonti, Stefano Diciotti, Maurizio Bartolucci, Mario Mascalchi, Massimo Pistolesi
BACKGROUND: In addition to lung involvement, several other diseases and syndromes coexist in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Our purpose was to investigate the prevalence of idiopathic arterial hypertension (IAH), ischemic heart disease, heart failure, peripheral vascular disease (PVD), diabetes, osteoporosis, and anxious depressive syndrome in a clinical setting of COPD outpatients whose phenotypes (predominant airway disease and predominant emphysema) and severity (mild and severe diseases) were determined by clinical and functional parameters...
2016: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Alessandro Buda, Paolo Passoni, Giacomo Corrado, Beatrice Bussi, Giuseppe Cutillo, Sonia Magni, Enrico Vizza
Sentinel lymph node (SLN) mapping has increased its feasibility in both early stage cervical and endometrial cancer. There are few SLN studies regarding the ovary, because of the risk of tumor dissemination and perhaps because the ovary represents an inconvenient site for injection. In this preliminary study, we have shown the feasibility of SLN mapping of the ovary with Indocyanine green (ICG) during laparoscopic retroperitoneal aortic surgical staging. The ten women who were included in this study underwent aortic with pelvic laparoscopic staging, which included SLN biopsy, extrafascial total hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy in case of ovarian tumor...
September 23, 2016: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
Michela Casanova, Eleonora Basso, Chiara Magni, Luca Bergamaschi, Stefano Chiaravalli, Roberto Carta, Elisa Tirtei, Maura Massimino, Franca Fagioli, Andrea Ferrari
Pazopanib is an oral multikinase inhibitor that has proved effective in adults treated for relapsing soft tissue sarcoma and synovial sarcoma in particular. Two cases are reported here of pediatric patients with pretreated relapsing synovial sarcoma whose tumors showed a prolonged response to pazopanib given on compassionate grounds. These results suggest that new agents found effective in adult patients might achieve similar results in adolescents with the same disease. Facilitating the availability of new drugs for children and adolescents is a major challenge for pediatric oncologists...
August 25, 2016: Tumori
M Leruez-Ville, I Ghout, L Bussières, J Stirnemann, J Magny, S Couderc, L J Salomon, T Guilleminot, P Aegerter, G Benoist, N Winer, O Picone, F Jacquemard, Y Ville
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
Chiara Magni, Laura Veneroni, Matteo Silva, Michela Casanova, Stefano Chiaravalli, Maura Massimino, Carlo Alfredo Clerici, Andrea Ferrari
Adolescents and young adults (AYA) with cancer form a particular group of patients with unique characteristics, who inhabit a so-called "no man's land" between pediatric and adult services. In the last 10 years, the scientific oncology community has started to pay attention to these patients, implementing dedicated programs. A standardized model of care directed toward patients in this age range has yet to be developed and neither the pediatric nor the adult oncologic systems perfectly fit these patients' needs...
2016: Frontiers in Pediatrics
Peter F Dutey-Magni, Graham Moon
BACKGROUND: Disease prevalence models have been widely used to estimate health, lifestyle and disability characteristics for small geographical units when other data are not available. Yet, knowledge is often lacking about how to make informed decisions around the specification of such models, especially regarding spatial assumptions placed on their covariance structure. This paper is concerned with understanding processes of spatial dependency in unexplained variation in chronic morbidity...
2016: International Journal of Health Geographics
Andrea Ferrari, Matteo Silva, Laura Veneroni, Chiara Magni, Carlo Alfredo Clerici, Cristina Meazza, Monica Terenziani, Filippo Spreafico, Stefano Chiaravalli, Michela Casanova, Roberto Luksch, Serena Catania, Elisabetta Schiavello, Veronica Biassoni, Marta Podda, Luca Bergamaschi, Nadia Puma, Alice Indini, Tullio Proserpio, Maura Massimino
BACKGROUND: Various projects dedicated specifically to adolescents and young adults (AYA) with cancer have been developed in recent years. A critical aspect of such programs is the ability to demonstrate its value, and therefore how to measure desired outcomes. METHODS: A list of metrics to consider for demonstrating the advantages of an AYA program was identified and used to assess the activity of the Youth Project operating at the Pediatric Oncology Unit of the Istituto Nazionale Tumori in Milan...
August 24, 2016: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
Alberto Zanella, Domenico Salerno, Vittorio Scaravilli, Marco Giani, Luigi Castagna, Federico Magni, Eleonora Carlesso, Paolo Cadringher, Michela Bombino, Giacomo Grasselli, Nicolò Patroniti, Antonio Pesenti
PURPOSE: To develop a mathematical model of oxygenation during venovenous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (vv-ECMO). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Total oxygen consumption, cardiac output, blood flow, recirculation, intrapulmonary shunt, hemoglobin, natural lung, and membrane lung oxygen fractions were chosen as inputs. Content, partial pressure, and hemoglobin saturation of oxygen in arterial, venous, pulmonary, and extracorporeal blood were outputs. To assess accuracy and predictive power of the model, we retrospectively analyzed data of 25 vv-ECMO patients...
July 15, 2016: Journal of Critical Care
Susanna Maddali Bongi, Martina Orlandi, Angelina De Magnis, Daniela Moncini, Angela Del Rosso, Felice Galluccio, Alessandro Franchi
The goal of this study was to evaluate the characteristics and the prevalence of histopathologic and immunohistochemical changes in vulvar biopsies, in women with Primary Sjögren Syndrome (pSS) and non-Sjögren Sicca Syndrome (nS-SS). Twenty-one women with pSS and 11 with nS-SS (investigated by xerophtalmia and xerostomia tests, biopsy of minor salivary glands, gynecological history, and gynecologic symptoms score) underwent vulvar biopsies, evaluated for histopathologic and immunohistochemicalchanges, and compared with those obtained from 26 patients with lichen sclerosus...
November 2016: International Journal of Gynecological Pathology
G Smania, P Baiardi, A Ceci, M Cella, P Magni
This study presents a pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic based clinical trial simulation framework for evaluating the performance of a fixed-sample Bayesian design (BD) and two alternative Bayesian sequential designs (BSDs) (i.e., a non-hierarchical (NON-H) and a semi-hierarchical (SEMI-H) one). Prior information was elicited from adult trials and weighted based on the expected similarity of response to treatment between the pediatric and adult populations. Study designs were evaluated in terms of: type I and II errors, sample size per arm (SS), trial duration (TD), and estimate precision...
August 2016: CPT: Pharmacometrics & Systems Pharmacology
Alison Small, Diana Gist, Danielle Souza, Joanne Dalton, Cherlie Magny-Normilus, Daniel David
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Journal of Nursing Care Quality
Marco Parolini, Sara Castiglioni, Stefano Magni, Camilla Della Torre, Andrea Binelli
Cannabis is the most used illicit drug worldwide and in some countries a new regulatory policy makes it legal under some restrictions. This situation could lead to a substantial increase in environmental levels of the cannabis active principle (Δ-9-tetrahydrocannabinol [Δ-9-THC]) and its main metabolite, 11-nor-9-carboxy-Δ(9) -tetrahydrocannabinol (THC-COOH). Although previous studies have highlighted the toxicity of Δ-9-THC, the adverse effects of THC-COOH on aquatic organisms is completely unknown, even though such effects could be more significant because the environmental concentrations of THC-COOH are higher than those of the parent compound...
October 5, 2016: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
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