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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29390593/esophageal-diverticulum-serves-as-a-unique-cause-of-bronchoesophageal-fistula-in-children-a-case-report
#1
Zhi-Ming Wang, Shu-Cheng Zhang, Xu Teng
RATIONALE: Most of the esophageal diverticulums are congenital traction instead of in childhood. In most conditions, esophageal diverticulums are free of any symptoms. As one of the rare entity, esophageal diverticulum can also result in bronchoesophageal fistula. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 10-year-old girl was admitted due to a 2-month history of cough and choking after drinking, and fever for 3 days. No symptoms when taking solid food were found. DIAGNOSES: By esophagogram, 3-dimensional computed tomography and esophagoscopy, an esophageal diverticulum was demonstrated in the middle esophagus with a bronchoesophageal fistula visualized...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29372125/dilated-thoracic-esophagus-presenting-with-painful-progressive-persistent-dysphagia-and-leukocytosis-of-unknown-origin
#2
Kyawzaw Lin, Jamil Shah, Emmanuel Ofori, Vahe Shahnazarian, Madhavi Reddy
Esophageal cancer is the eighth-most common cause of cancer-related mortality worldwide. The most common presenting symptom in advanced distal esophageal cancer is the sensation of sticking food, but it may sometimes present with bleeding and related complications, or asymptomatic leukocytosis. We present the case of a 77-year-old afebrile man with chronic alcoholism and a dilated thoracic esophagus with painful, progressive, and persistent dysphagia and leukocytosis of unknown origin. A 77-year-old man with a past medical history of hypertension and colonic cancer status post right hemicolectomy (surveillance negative) presented to the emergency department with painful, progressive, persistent, and worsening dysphagia for the past three weeks...
November 16, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333834/-congenital-esophageal-stenosis-diagnosis-and-treatment-cases-review
#3
Enrique J Romero Manteola, Pablo Ravetta, Celeste C Patiño González, Víctor H Defago
Congenital esophageal stenosis is a very rare condition and there is no standard treatment. We report the diagnosis, treatment and outcome of 11 patients with this condition managed at our institution. The most common symptom was dysphagia. The age at diagnosis was between 1 day and 14 years (mean age: 4.7 years). The esophagogram confirmed the diagnosis. Five patients presented associated anomalies. Four patients received surgical treatment and 7 only balloon dilatations. Pathologic examinations showed 3 fibromuscular stenosis and one with tracheobronchial remnants...
February 1, 2018: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321843/esophagocoloplasty-fistula-successfully-treated-with-vacuum-assisted-closure
#4
Santiago A Endara, Fernando J Terán, Armando J Serrano, Manuela J Castillo, Gabriel A Molina
Esophageal fistulas in the cervical region are usually difficult to manage and carry a high morbidity. We report a case of an esophago-colonic fistula after colonic interposition, successfully managed with vacuum-assisted closure 'V.A.C. system', (Kinetic Concepts Inc., San Antonio, TX, USA). The patient initially presented with purulent fluid from the cervical wound 13 days after surgery. Esophagogram confirmed a leak. Since the patient had a history of anastomotic leaks, a surgical intervention was not the treatment of choice...
January 2018: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221344/endoscopic-diverticulotomy-with-a-stapler-can-be-an-effective-and-safe-treatment-for-killian-jamieson-diverticulum
#5
Po-Jen Yun, Hsu-Kai Huang, Hung Chang, Shih-Chun Lee, Tsai-Wang Huang
Killian-Jamieson diverticulum (KJD) is a rarely encountered esophageal diverticulum which attributes to several symptoms. Clinically, KJD should be differentiated from the most common type of esophageal herniation, i.e., Zenker's diverticulum (ZD). The two diverticula may present in a similar fashion, and treatments have evolved from transcervical to a minimally invasive endoscopic approach in recent years. We present a case of an 88-year-old male with symptomatic esophageal diverticulum. Barium swallow esophagogram and flexible esophagoscopy demonstrated a large KJD with food debris retention...
September 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166132/imaging-of-iatrogenic-esophageal-injuries-using-optimized-ct-esophageal-leak-protocol-pearls-and-pitfalls
#6
Rachna Madan, Olga Laur, Breland Crudup, Latia Peavy, Brett W Carter
Iatrogenic injury to the esophagus is a serious complication which is increasingly seen in clinical practice secondary to expansion and greater acceptability of surgical and endoscopic esophageal procedures. Morbidity and mortality following such injury is high. This is mostly due to an inflammatory response to gastric contents in the mediastinum, and the negative intra-thoracic pressures that may further draw out esophageal contents into the mediastinum leading to mediastinitis. Subsequently, pulmonary complications such as pneumonia or abscess may ensue leading to rapid clinical deterioration...
November 22, 2017: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024314/clinicomanometric-factors-associated-with-clinically-relevant-esophagogastric-junction-outflow-obstruction-from-the-sandhill-high-resolution-manometry-system
#7
B G Song, Y W Min, H Lee, B-H Min, J H Lee, P-L Rhee, J J Kim
BACKGROUND: Integrated relaxation pressure (IRP) is a key metric for diagnosing esophagogastric junction outflow obstruction (EGJOO). However, its normal value might be different according to the manufacturer of high-resolution manometry (HRM). This study aimed to investigate optimal value of IRP for diagnosing EGJOO in Sandhill HRM and to find clinicomanometric variables to segregate clinically relevant EGJOO. METHODS: We analyzed 262 consecutive subjects who underwent HRM between June 2011 and December 2016 showing elevated median IRP (> 15 mm Hg) but did not satisfy criteria for achalasia...
October 10, 2017: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924729/dor-vs-toupet-fundoplication-after-laparoscopic-heller-myotomy-long-term-randomized-controlled-trial-evaluated-by-high-resolution-manometry
#8
Gonzalo Torres-Villalobos, Enrique Coss-Adame, Janette Furuzawa-Carballeda, Fernanda Romero-Hernández, Blanca Blancas-Breña, Samuel Torres-Landa, Axel Palacios-Ramírez, Edgar Alejandro-Medrano, Axel Hernández-Ávila, Athenea Flores-Najera, Lourdes Margarita Ávila Escobedo, Cecilia Ramírez Angulo, Angélica Rodríguez-Garcés, Miguel Ángel Valdovinos
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic Heller myotomy (LHM) with partial fundoplication is an effective treatment for achalasia. However, the type of fundoplication is still a subject of debate. AIM: The aim of the study is to identify which partial fundoplication leads to better control of acid exposure, manometric parameters, and symptoms scores. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial was performed to compare Dor vs Toupet fundoplication after LHM. The preoperative diagnosis was made by high-resolution manometry (HRM), upper endoscopy, and barium esophagogram...
January 2018: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886900/clinical-and-imaging-differences-between-neonates-and-children-with-pyriform-sinus-fistula-which-is-preferred-for-diagnosis-computed-tomography-or-barium-esophagography
#9
Jing Pan, Yan Zou, Le Li, Tian-You Yang, Ji-Liang Yang, Chao Hu
PURPOSE: Pyriform sinus fistula (PSF) is very rare. It is difficult to make an accurate diagnosis preoperatively. The aim of this study is to summarize the characteristics of clinical and radiologic presentations in neonates and children with PSF and to assess which examination is more helpful for diagnosis. METHODS: A retrospective review was performed in 29 patients with PSF at a single center from January 2013 to September 2016. The clinical presentation, computed tomography (CT) scan/magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and barium esophagogram were evaluated between neonates and children...
November 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859393/open-peroral-endoscopic-myotomy-o-poem-for-the-treatment-of-achalasia
#10
W Liu, H-Z Zeng, H-L Chen, C-C Wu, L-S Ye, B Hu
With the development of endoscopic interventions and inspired by the success of peroral endoscopic myotomy (POEM) for the treatment of achalasia, we investigated an old method of direct peroral endoscopic myotomy without a submucosal tunnel for the treatment of achalasia, which we call open peroral endoscopic myotomy (O-POEM). In this study, Clinical success was achieved in the patient after O-POEM. A reduction of LES pressure, Eckardt score, and a timed barium esophagogram were observed during follow-up. There were no severe complications and no recurrences during two months of follow-up...
October 1, 2017: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756484/distal-esophageal-spasm-with-multiple-esophageal-diverticula-successfully-treated-by-peroral-endoscopic-myotomy
#11
Koji Otani, Shinwa Tanaka, Fumiaki Kawara, Junichi Fujikawa, Akinari Sawada, Risa Uemura, Tetsuya Tanigawa, Toshio Watanabe, Takeshi Azuma, Yasuhiro Fujiwara
Distal esophageal spasm (DES) is a primary esophageal motility disorder. We encountered a rare case of DES accompanied by multiple esophageal diverticula. A 72-year-old woman complained of prolonged dysphagia and chest pain. A barium esophagogram showed multiple esophageal diverticula and significant contraction of the lower esophagus just above the cardia. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy revealed a corkscrew-like appearance, with spiral contractions and diverticula. High-resolution manometry revealed that the integrated relaxation pressure was normal; premature contractions were observed in ≥20% of the swallowing wave; the distal contractile integral was normal...
October 2017: Clinical Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657822/health-related-quality-of-life-and-physiological-outcomes-of-peroral-endoscopic-myotomy-for-achalasia
#12
Jacob J Benedict, Adam A Golas, Joel E Richter, Vic Velanovich
BACKGROUND: Peroral endoscopic myotomy (POEM) has gained acceptance as a treatment for achalasia. The aim of this study was to assess symptomatic, quality of life (QoL), and physiological outcomes of POEM using standardized methods. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients who were planned to undergo POEM were evaluated pre- and postoperatively with timed barium esophagogram (TBE), high-resolution manometry (HRM), the achalasia symptom questionnaire (ASQ) (best score 10, worst score 31), and the short form (SF)-36 (best score 100, worst score 0)...
August 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555926/association-between-vascular-rings-and-learning-performance-a-cross-sectional-study
#13
Fong-Lin Chen, Yung-Po Liaw, Shu-Yi Hsu, Oswald Ndi Nfor
BACKGROUND: Chronic tracheal obstruction has been associated with learning deficits; hence, early surgical intervention has been suggested. AIM: To evaluate the relationship between learning performance and vascular ring caused by an isolated aberrant right subclavian artery. METHODS: Participants included 1,685 undergraduate students (ie, students of medical informatics and medical/public health students) in Central Taiwan. The diagnostic period was from 2005 to 2010...
November 12, 2017: Journal of Clinical Ultrasound: JCU
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542509/functional-restoration-of-the-esophagus-after-peroral-endoscopic-myotomy-for-achalasia
#14
Cheal Wung Huh, Young Hoon Youn, Hyunsoo Chung, Yong Chan Lee, Hyojin Park
PURPOSE: Peroral endoscopic myotomy (POEM) is a new efficacious treatment option for achalasia. We propose to define "esophageal remodeling" as the functional restoration of the esophagus that involves decreased lower esophageal sphincter (LES) pressure, recovery of esophageal body peristalsis, and reduction of luminal diameter. The aim of this study was to investigate "esophageal remodeling" after POEM for achalasia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analyzed data from a prospectively collected database of POEM subjects, which included preoperative and 2-month postoperative Eckardt symptom scores, and results from esophageal high resolution manometry (HRM) and barium esophagogram (BE)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485002/multiple-huge-epiphrenic-esophageal-diverticula-with-motility-disease-treated-with-video-assisted-thoracoscopic-and-hand-assisted-laparoscopic-esophagectomy-a-case-report
#15
Yoshiki Taniguchi, Tsuyoshi Takahashi, Kiyokazu Nakajima, Shigeyoshi Higashi, Koji Tanaka, Yasuhiro Miyazaki, Tomoki Makino, Yukinori Kurokawa, Makoto Yamasaki, Shuji Takiguchi, Masaki Mori, Yuichiro Doki
BACKGROUND: Epiphrenic esophageal diverticulum is a rare condition that is often associated with a concomitant esophageal motor disorder. Some patients have the chief complaints of swallowing difficulty and gastroesophageal reflux; traditionally, such diverticula have been resected via right thoracotomy. Here, we describe a case with huge multiple epiphrenic diverticula with motility disorder, which were successfully resected using a video-assisted thoracic and laparoscopic procedure...
December 2017: Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475827/muscular-thickness-of-lower-esophageal-sphincter-and-therapeutic-outcomes-in-achalasia-a-prospective-study-using-high-frequency-endoscopic-ultrasound
#16
Shih-Wei Li, Ping-Huei Tseng, Chien-Chuan Chen, Wei-Chih Liao, Kao-Lang Liu, Jang-Ming Lee, Yi-Chia Lee, Seng-Kee Chuah, Ming-Shiang Wu, Hsiu-Po Wang
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Patients with achalasia typically have thicker lower esophageal sphincter muscles, which can affect the distensibility of the esophagogastric junction. We aimed to assess whether these muscular features, measured using high-frequency endoscopic ultrasound, affect treatment outcomes. METHODS: Consecutive adult patients with suspected achalasia were enrolled prospectively. They underwent a comprehensive diagnostic work-up, including endoscopic ultrasound...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411346/peroral-endoscopic-myotomy-compared-with-pneumatic-dilation-for-newly-diagnosed-achalasia
#17
Fandong Meng, Peng Li, Yongjun Wang, Ming Ji, Yongdong Wu, Li Yu, Yinglin Niu, Fujing Lv, Wei Li, Wenyan Li, Huihong Zhai, Shanshan Wu, Shutian Zhang
BACKGROUND: This study retrospectively compared the safety and efficacy of two endoscopic techniques for treating newly diagnosed achalasia, pneumatic dilation (PD), and peroral endoscopic myotomy (POEM). METHODS: Demographics, clinical and manometric data, and outcomes were collected from the medical records of patients who received POEM or PD as the primary therapy for achalasia at our hospital from January 2012 to August 2015. RESULTS: Of 72 patients, 32 and 40 received POEM and PD, respectively...
November 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387991/endoscopic-chemocauterization-for-pyriform-sinus-fistulas-in-children
#18
Satohiko Yanagisawa, Takehito Oshio, Mototoshi Kato, Motohiro Kano, Yuki Tsuji, Yasuhide Morikawa
PURPOSE: Although complete excision is the standard treatment for pyriform sinus fistula (PSF), it has recently been suggested that chemocauterization via the internal orifice of the fistula could be an effective non-invasive treatment for the condition. The present report describes the details of our experience and the efficacy of endoscopic chemocauterization for pediatric PSF. METHOD: Between January 2010 and June 2015, 4 patients were diagnosed with PSF and scheduled to undergo endoscopic chemocauterization...
April 7, 2017: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382500/impact-of-esophageal-flexion-level-on-the-surgical-outcome-in-patients-with-sigmoid-esophageal-achalasia
#19
Kazuto Tsuboi, Nobuo Omura, Fumiaki Yano, Masato Hoshino, Se-Ryung Yamamoto, Shunsuke Akimoto, Takahiro Masuda, Hideyuki Kashiwagi, Katsuhiko Yanaga
PURPOSE: Esophageal achalasia can be roughly divided into non-sigmoid and sigmoid types. Laparoscopic surgery has been reported to be less than optimally effective for sigmoid type. The aim of this study was to examine the impact of the esophageal flexion level on the clinical condition and surgical outcomes of patients with sigmoid esophageal achalasia. METHODS: The subjects were 36 patients with sigmoid esophageal achalasia who had been observed for >1 year after surgery...
April 5, 2017: Surgery Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375444/self-assembling-peptide-matrix-for-the-prevention-of-esophageal-stricture-after-endoscopic-resection-a-randomized-controlled-trial-in-a-porcine-model
#20
M Barret, B Bordaçahar, F Beuvon, B Terris, M Camus, R Coriat, S Chaussade, F Batteux, F Prat
Esophageal stricture formation after extensive endoscopic resection remains a major limitation of endoscopic therapy for early esophageal neoplasia. This study assessed a recently developed self-assembling peptide (SAP) matrix as a wound dressing after endoscopic resection for the prevention of esophageal stricture. Ten pigs were randomly assigned to the SAP or the control group after undergoing a 5-cm-long circumferential endoscopic submucosal dissection of the lower esophagus. Esophageal diameter on endoscopy and esophagogram, weight variation, and histological measurements of fibrosis, granulation tissue, and neoepithelium were assessed in each animal...
May 1, 2017: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
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