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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29892807/impact-of-preoperative-balloon-dilatation-on-outcomes-of-laparoscopic-surgery-in-young-patients-with-esophageal-achalasia
#1
Kazuto Tsuboi, Nobuo Omura, Fumiaki Yano, Masato Hoshino, Se-Ryung Yamamoto, Shunsuke Akimoto, Takahiro Masuda, Hideyuki Kashiwagi, Katsuhiko Yanaga
BACKGROUND: Balloon dilatation is reportedly less effective for young patients with esophageal achalasia than for older patients. However, there is no consensus on the impact of prior balloon dilatation on outcomes of surgical treatment. This study investigated the significance of preoperative balloon dilatation on surgical outcomes in young patients with esophageal achalasia. METHODS: Of patients aged less than 40 years who had undergone a laparoscopic Heller-Dor operation for esophageal achalasia, 201 with a postoperative follow-up period of at least 1 year were included...
January 2018: Esophagus: Official Journal of the Japan Esophageal Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29888240/before-and-after-esophageal-surgery-which-information-is-needed-from-the-functional-laboratory
#2
REVIEW
Ines Gockel, Sebastian Murad Rabe, Stefan Niebisch
Background: Indications for benign esophageal surgery and postoperative follow-up need to be highly elaborated with differentiated and structured algorithms, based on objective functional workup in the esophageal laboratory. Functional outcome is of utmost interest and has to be driven by the need for comprehensive but purposeful diagnostic methods. Methods: Preoperative diagnostic workup procedures by the functional laboratory include 24-h pH-monitoring, impedance testing, and high-resolution manometry (HRM) - in addition to upper gastrointestinal endoscopy and barium swallow/timed barium esophagogram...
April 2018: Visceral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29809178/-esophageal-bronchogenic-cyst-an-uncommon-cause-of-dysphagia-in-adults-case-report-and-literature-review
#3
Ana P Ceniceros-Cabrales, Patricio Sánchez-Fernández
Backgronund: Bronchogenic cysts result from abnormal budding of the primitive tracheobronchial tube and are rare congenital cystic lesions. The location of the cyst depends on the embryological stage of abnormal budding. Although periesophageal bronchogenic cysts have been frequently reported, a completely intramural cyst is very rare. Clinical case: A 42-year-old female patient, a three-month course with retrosternal pain associated with food intake, accompanied by intermittent dysphagia to solids...
2018: Cirugia y Cirujanos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718892/clinical-application-of-oral-meglumine-diatrizoate-esophagogram-in-screening-esophageal-fistula-during-radiotherapy-for-esophageal-cancer
#4
Lidan Geng, Rong Wu, He Hu, Yu Zhao, Lingli Fan, Zhenhua Zhao, Dongbiao Liao, Musheng Li, Miao Xiang, Ying Ma, Xiaobo Du
INTRODUCTION: Esophageal fistula is a serious and common complication of radiotherapy for esophageal cancer. Therefore, early diagnosis and treatment is necessary. Because of side effect of barium esophagography, it cannot be used to screening esophageal fistula during radiotherapy. Meglumine diatrizoate is an ionic contrast agent, its adverse reactions were rarely seen when it was used in the body cavity. The purpose of this trial is identified the sensitivity and specificity of oral meglumine diatrizoate in an esophagogram for screening esophageal fistula during radiotherapy...
May 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605727/abnormal-high-resolution-manometry-findings-and-outcomes-after-paraesophageal-hernia-repair
#5
Andrea Wirsching, Qing Zhang, Susan E McCormick, Michal Hubka, Donald E Low
BACKGROUND: Abnormal esophageal peristalsis diagnosed by high resolution manometry (HRM) is found frequently as part of the preoperative evaluation of paraesophageal hernia (PEH) patients. The clinical relevance of these findings is currently largely unknown. STUDY DESIGN: From 2013 to 2016, 212 patients undergoing PEH repair were prospectively recorded in an IRB approved database. Preoperative HRM was available for reanalysis according to the latest Chicago Classification (v...
March 29, 2018: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580341/laparoscopic-heller-myotomy-with-anterior-fundoplication-improves-frequency-and-severity-of-symptoms-of-achalasia-regardless-of-preoperative-severity-determined-by-esophagography
#6
Alexander Rosemurgy, Darrell Downs, Kenneth Luberice, Christian Rodriguez, Forat Swaid, Krishen Patel, Paul Toomey, Sharona Ross
This study was undertaken to determine whether postoperative outcomes after laparoscopic Heller myotomy with anterior fundoplication could be predicted by preoperative findings on esophagography. Preoperative barium esophagograms of 135 patients undergoing laparoscopic Heller myotomy with anterior fundoplication were reviewed. The number of esophageal curves, esophageal width, and angulation of the gastroesophageal junction (GEJ) were determined; correlations between these determined parameters and symptoms were assessed using linear regression analysis...
February 1, 2018: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29485446/atypical-appearance-on-thyroid-scintigraphy-achalasia
#7
Ayca Arcay, Ozhan Ozgur, Funda Aydin
We report the case of a 49-year-old woman with achalasia in whom thyroid stimulating hormone supression was incidentally detected on routine blood tests and who therefore underwent thyroid scintigraphy. Thyroid scan demonstrated low intensity diffuse technetium Tc sodium pertechnetate accumulation inferior to thyroid gland. After correlating the images with her previous barium esophagogram, tracer accumulation caudal to thyroid gland was explained on the presumption of Tc sodium pertechnetate retention within the dilated esophagus...
May 2018: Clinical Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457443/-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-esophagustype-cervical-spondylosis
#8
REVIEW
Hao-Lin Tan, Cheng Luo, Run Zhang, Zhi-Qing Wang, Hang Ying, Hong-Ting Jin, Pei-Jian Tong, Jin-Min Liu
Esophagustype cervical spondylosis is easily misdiagnosed or missed diagnosed for its lower incidence. The pathological basis manily concerned with compression of osteophyte for esophageal and tracheal wall and local inflammatory reaction. The diagnosis of disease is generally not difficult. Especially dynamic esophagogram could not only show degree of cervical degeneration and osteophyte shape, but also could clearly observe location and degree of osteophytosis indenting esophageal and tracheal. Recently, the treatment of esophagustype cervical spondylosis has been the focus of attention...
December 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29390593/esophageal-diverticulum-serves-as-a-unique-cause-of-bronchoesophageal-fistula-in-children-a-case-report
#9
Zhi-Ming Wang, Shu-Cheng Zhang, Xu Teng
RATIONALE: Most of the esophageal diverticulums are congenital traction instead of in childhood. In most conditions, esophageal diverticulums are free of any symptoms. As one of the rare entity, esophageal diverticulum can also result in bronchoesophageal fistula. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 10-year-old girl was admitted due to a 2-month history of cough and choking after drinking, and fever for 3 days. No symptoms when taking solid food were found. DIAGNOSES: By esophagogram, 3-dimensional computed tomography and esophagoscopy, an esophageal diverticulum was demonstrated in the middle esophagus with a bronchoesophageal fistula visualized...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29372125/dilated-thoracic-esophagus-presenting-with-painful-progressive-persistent-dysphagia-and-leukocytosis-of-unknown-origin
#10
Kyawzaw Lin, Jamil Shah, Emmanuel Ofori, Vahe Shahnazarian, Madhavi Reddy
Esophageal cancer is the eighth-most common cause of cancer-related mortality worldwide. The most common presenting symptom in advanced distal esophageal cancer is the sensation of sticking food, but it may sometimes present with bleeding and related complications, or asymptomatic leukocytosis. We present the case of a 77-year-old afebrile man with chronic alcoholism and a dilated thoracic esophagus with painful, progressive, and persistent dysphagia and leukocytosis of unknown origin. A 77-year-old man with a past medical history of hypertension and colonic cancer status post right hemicolectomy (surveillance negative) presented to the emergency department with painful, progressive, persistent, and worsening dysphagia for the past three weeks...
November 16, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333834/-congenital-esophageal-stenosis-diagnosis-and-treatment-cases-review
#11
Enrique J Romero Manteola, Pablo Ravetta, Celeste C Patiño González, Víctor H Defago
Congenital esophageal stenosis is a very rare condition and there is no standard treatment. We report the diagnosis, treatment and outcome of 11 patients with this condition managed at our institution. The most common symptom was dysphagia. The age at diagnosis was between 1 day and 14 years (mean age: 4.7 years). The esophagogram confirmed the diagnosis. Five patients presented associated anomalies. Four patients received surgical treatment and 7 only balloon dilatations. Pathologic examinations showed 3 fibromuscular stenosis and one with tracheobronchial remnants...
February 1, 2018: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321843/esophagocoloplasty-fistula-successfully-treated-with-vacuum-assisted-closure
#12
Santiago A Endara, Fernando J Terán, Armando J Serrano, Manuela J Castillo, Gabriel A Molina
Esophageal fistulas in the cervical region are usually difficult to manage and carry a high morbidity. We report a case of an esophago-colonic fistula after colonic interposition, successfully managed with vacuum-assisted closure 'V.A.C. system', (Kinetic Concepts Inc., San Antonio, TX, USA). The patient initially presented with purulent fluid from the cervical wound 13 days after surgery. Esophagogram confirmed a leak. Since the patient had a history of anastomotic leaks, a surgical intervention was not the treatment of choice...
January 2018: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221344/endoscopic-diverticulotomy-with-a-stapler-can-be-an-effective-and-safe-treatment-for-killian-jamieson-diverticulum
#13
Po-Jen Yun, Hsu-Kai Huang, Hung Chang, Shih-Chun Lee, Tsai-Wang Huang
Killian-Jamieson diverticulum (KJD) is a rarely encountered esophageal diverticulum which attributes to several symptoms. Clinically, KJD should be differentiated from the most common type of esophageal herniation, i.e., Zenker's diverticulum (ZD). The two diverticula may present in a similar fashion, and treatments have evolved from transcervical to a minimally invasive endoscopic approach in recent years. We present a case of an 88-year-old male with symptomatic esophageal diverticulum. Barium swallow esophagogram and flexible esophagoscopy demonstrated a large KJD with food debris retention...
September 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166132/imaging-of-iatrogenic-oesophageal-injuries-using-optimized-ct-oesophageal-leak-protocol-pearls-and-pitfalls
#14
REVIEW
Rachna Madan, Olga Laur, Breland Crudup, Latia Peavy, Brett W Carter
Iatrogenic injury to the oesophagus is a serious complication which is increasingly seen in clinical practice secondary to expansion and greater acceptability of surgical and endoscopic oesophageal procedures. Morbidity and mortality following such injury is high. This is mostly due to an inflammatory response to gastric contents in the mediastinum, and the negative intrathoracic pressures that may further draw out oesophageal contents into the mediastinum leading to mediastinitis. Subsequently, pulmonary complications such as pneumonia or abscess may ensue leading to rapid clinical deterioration...
February 2018: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024314/clinicomanometric-factors-associated-with-clinically-relevant-esophagogastric-junction-outflow-obstruction-from-the-sandhill-high-resolution-manometry-system
#15
B G Song, Y W Min, H Lee, B-H Min, J H Lee, P-L Rhee, J J Kim
BACKGROUND: Integrated relaxation pressure (IRP) is a key metric for diagnosing esophagogastric junction outflow obstruction (EGJOO). However, its normal value might be different according to the manufacturer of high-resolution manometry (HRM). This study aimed to investigate optimal value of IRP for diagnosing EGJOO in Sandhill HRM and to find clinicomanometric variables to segregate clinically relevant EGJOO. METHODS: We analyzed 262 consecutive subjects who underwent HRM between June 2011 and December 2016 showing elevated median IRP (> 15 mm Hg) but did not satisfy criteria for achalasia...
March 2018: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924729/dor-vs-toupet-fundoplication-after-laparoscopic-heller-myotomy-long-term-randomized-controlled-trial-evaluated-by-high-resolution-manometry
#16
Gonzalo Torres-Villalobos, Enrique Coss-Adame, Janette Furuzawa-Carballeda, Fernanda Romero-Hernández, Blanca Blancas-Breña, Samuel Torres-Landa, Axel Palacios-Ramírez, Edgar Alejandro-Medrano, Axel Hernández-Ávila, Athenea Flores-Najera, Lourdes Margarita Ávila Escobedo, Cecilia Ramírez Angulo, Angélica Rodríguez-Garcés, Miguel Ángel Valdovinos
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic Heller myotomy (LHM) with partial fundoplication is an effective treatment for achalasia. However, the type of fundoplication is still a subject of debate. AIM: The aim of the study is to identify which partial fundoplication leads to better control of acid exposure, manometric parameters, and symptoms scores. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial was performed to compare Dor vs Toupet fundoplication after LHM. The preoperative diagnosis was made by high-resolution manometry (HRM), upper endoscopy, and barium esophagogram...
January 2018: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886900/clinical-and-imaging-differences-between-neonates-and-children-with-pyriform-sinus-fistula-which-is-preferred-for-diagnosis-computed-tomography-or-barium-esophagography
#17
Jing Pan, Yan Zou, Le Li, Tian-You Yang, Ji-Liang Yang, Chao Hu
PURPOSE: Pyriform sinus fistula (PSF) is very rare. It is difficult to make an accurate diagnosis preoperatively. The aim of this study is to summarize the characteristics of clinical and radiologic presentations in neonates and children with PSF and to assess which examination is more helpful for diagnosis. METHODS: A retrospective review was performed in 29 patients with PSF at a single center from January 2013 to September 2016. The clinical presentation, computed tomography (CT) scan/magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and barium esophagogram were evaluated between neonates and children...
November 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859393/open-peroral-endoscopic-myotomy-o-poem-for-the-treatment-of-achalasia
#18
W Liu, H-Z Zeng, H-L Chen, C-C Wu, L-S Ye, B Hu
With the development of endoscopic interventions and inspired by the success of peroral endoscopic myotomy (POEM) for the treatment of achalasia, we investigated an old method of direct peroral endoscopic myotomy without a submucosal tunnel for the treatment of achalasia, which we call open peroral endoscopic myotomy (O-POEM). In this study, Clinical success was achieved in the patient after O-POEM. A reduction of LES pressure, Eckardt score, and a timed barium esophagogram were observed during follow-up. There were no severe complications and no recurrences during two months of follow-up...
October 1, 2017: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756484/distal-esophageal-spasm-with-multiple-esophageal-diverticula-successfully-treated-by-peroral-endoscopic-myotomy
#19
Koji Otani, Shinwa Tanaka, Fumiaki Kawara, Junichi Fujikawa, Akinari Sawada, Risa Uemura, Tetsuya Tanigawa, Toshio Watanabe, Takeshi Azuma, Yasuhiro Fujiwara
Distal esophageal spasm (DES) is a primary esophageal motility disorder. We encountered a rare case of DES accompanied by multiple esophageal diverticula. A 72-year-old woman complained of prolonged dysphagia and chest pain. A barium esophagogram showed multiple esophageal diverticula and significant contraction of the lower esophagus just above the cardia. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy revealed a corkscrew-like appearance, with spiral contractions and diverticula. High-resolution manometry revealed that the integrated relaxation pressure was normal; premature contractions were observed in ≥20% of the swallowing wave; the distal contractile integral was normal...
October 2017: Clinical Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657822/health-related-quality-of-life-and-physiological-outcomes-of-peroral-endoscopic-myotomy-for-achalasia
#20
Jacob J Benedict, Adam A Golas, Joel E Richter, Vic Velanovich
BACKGROUND: Peroral endoscopic myotomy (POEM) has gained acceptance as a treatment for achalasia. The aim of this study was to assess symptomatic, quality of life (QoL), and physiological outcomes of POEM using standardized methods. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients who were planned to undergo POEM were evaluated pre- and postoperatively with timed barium esophagogram (TBE), high-resolution manometry (HRM), the achalasia symptom questionnaire (ASQ) (best score 10, worst score 31), and the short form (SF)-36 (best score 100, worst score 0)...
August 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
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