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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911489/palliative-care-interventions-in-advanced-dementia
#1
REVIEW
Edel Murphy, Katherine Froggatt, Sheelah Connolly, Eamon O'Shea, Elizabeth L Sampson, Dympna Casey, Declan Devane
BACKGROUND: Dementia is a chronic, progressive and ultimately fatal neurodegenerative disease. Advanced dementia is characterised by profound cognitive impairment, inability to communicate verbally and complete functional dependence. Usual care of people with advanced dementia is not underpinned universally by a palliative approach. Palliative care has focused traditionally on care of people with cancer but for more than a decade, there have been increased calls worldwide to extend palliative care services to include all people with life-limiting illnesses in need of specialist care, including people with dementia...
December 2, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911238/managing-overlapping-surgery-an-analysis-of-1018-neurosurgical-and-spine-cases
#2
Jian Guan, Andrea A Brock, Michael Karsy, William T Couldwell, Meic H Schmidt, John R W Kestle, Randy L Jensen, Andrew T Dailey, Richard H Schmidt
OBJECTIVE Overlapping surgery-the performance of parts of 2 or more surgical procedures at the same time by a single lead surgeon-has recently come under intense scrutiny, although data on the effects of overlapping procedures on patient outcomes are lacking. The authors examined the impact of overlapping surgery on complication rates in neurosurgical patients. METHODS The authors conducted a retrospective review of consecutive nonemergent neurosurgical procedures performed during the period from May 12, 2014, to May 12, 2015, by any of 5 senior neurosurgeons at a single institution who were authorized to schedule overlapping cases...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910138/canine-and-feline-colostrum
#3
S Chastant-Maillard, C Aggouni, A Albaret, A Fournier, H Mila
Puppy and kitten survival over the first weeks is particularly dependent on colostrum, a specific secretion of the mammary gland produced during the first 2 days post-partum. Colostrum is a source of nutrients and immunoglobulins. It also contributes to the digestive tract maturation. Colostrum differentiates from milk mainly based on its concentration in immunoglobulins G: 20-30 g/L in dog colostrum, 40-50 g/L in cats' vs <1 g/L in milk. IgG concentration rapidly drops after parturition (-50% in 24 hr)...
November 30, 2016: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909170/psilocybin-and-palliative-end-of-life-care
#4
Richard C Shelton, Peter S Hendricks
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Journal of Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909168/psilocybin-in-end-of-life-care-implications-for-further-research
#5
Paul Summergrad
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Journal of Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909034/advance-care-planning-in-patients-with-incurable-cancer-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#6
Stephanie Johnson, Josephine Clayton, Phyllis N Butow, William Silvester, Karen Detering, Jane Hall, Belinda E Kiely, Jonathon Cebon, Stephen Clarke, Melanie L Bell, Martin Stockler, Phillip Beale, Martin H N Tattersall
INTRODUCTION: There is limited evidence documenting the effectiveness of Advance Care Planning (ACP) in cancer care. The present randomised trial is designed to evaluate whether the administration of formal ACP improves compliance with patients' end-of-life (EOL) wishes and patient and family satisfaction with care. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: A randomised control trial in eight oncology centres across New South Wales and Victoria, Australia, is designed to assess the efficacy of a formal ACP intervention for patients with cancer...
December 1, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908943/planning-for-deactivation-of-implantable-cardioverter-defibrillators-at-the-end-of-life-in-patients-with-heart-failure
#7
Destiny R Brady
Implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) may be burdensome in end-stage heart failure. At the end of life, as many as one-fifth to one-third of patients experience an ICD shock. Critical care nurses should be aware of the potential burden of these shocks at the end of life as well as the ethics and organizational policies surrounding ICD deactivation. This literature review examines the issues surrounding ICD therapy at the end of life. Based on this author's findings, recommendations for discussing and implementing ICD deactivation are offered...
December 2016: Critical Care Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908941/critical-care-nurses-end-of-life-preferences-a-brief-report-on-a-few-responses-to-a-very-short-survey
#8
EDITORIAL
JoAnn Grif Alspach
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Critical Care Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908501/prospective-evaluation-of-surgical-palliative-care-immersion-training-for-general-surgery-residents
#9
Mustafa Raoof, Lisa O'Neill, Leigh Neumayer, Mindy Fain, Robert Krouse
BACKGROUND: Palliative care competencies in surgical training are recognized to improve the care of surgical patients with advanced or life-threatening illnesses. Formal programs to teach these competencies are lacking. The study aims to assess the feasibility and utility of a unique surgical palliative care immersion training program. STUDY DESIGN: A half-day Surgical Palliative Care Immersion Training (SPCIT) was developed using the American College of Surgeon's manual titled "Surgical Palliative Care: A Resident's Guide" as a framework...
November 27, 2016: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903953/sociocultural-characteristic-lifestyle-and-metabolic-risk-factors-among-a-sample-of-kuwaiti-male-university-students
#10
Maha Al-Sejari
In the past six decades, the Kuwaiti population has been exposed to rapid transformation in the quality of diet intake, daily activities, and career types. This major socioeconomic shift was accompanied by the introduction of both communicable and noncommunicable chronic diseases afflicting people of all ages. This article aims to detect a relationship between sociocultural characteristics-such as physical activity, dietary habits, and smoking-and the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS). A descriptive, cross-sectional survey was conducted among 262 male university students in Kuwait; participants were selected by using a convenient nonrandom opportunistic sample...
November 29, 2016: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903942/the-reckoning-point-as-a-marker-for-formal-palliative-and-end-of-life-care-in-mexican-american-families
#11
Bronwynne C Evans, David W Coon
Palliative and end-of-life care (PEOLC) in Mexican American (MA) caregiving families remains unexplored. Its onset was uncovered in our mixed methods, multisite, interdisciplinary, qualitative descriptive study of 116 caregivers, most of whom had provided long-term informal home care for chronically ill, disabled older family members. This subanalysis used Life Course Perspective to examine the "point of reckoning" in these families, where an older person is taken in for care, or care escalates until one recognizes oneself as the primary caregiver...
November 2016: Journal of Family Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903282/start-now-a-comprehensive-skills-training-programme-for-female-adolescents-with-oppositional-defiant-and-conduct-disorders-study-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#12
Linda Kersten, Martin Prätzlich, Sandra Mannstadt, Katharina Ackermann, Gregor Kohls, Helena Oldenhof, Daniel Saure, Katrin Krieger, Beate Herpertz-Dahlmann, Arne Popma, Christine M Freitag, Robert L Trestman, Christina Stadler
BACKGROUND: In Europe, the number of females exhibiting oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) and conduct disorder (CD) is growing. Many of these females live in youth welfare institutions. Consequently, there is a great need for evidence-based interventions within youth welfare settings. A recently developed approach targeting the specific needs of girls with ODD and CD in residential care is START NOW. The aim of this group-based behavioural skills training programme is to specifically enhance emotional regulation capacities to enable females with CD or ODD to appropriately deal with daily-life demands...
December 1, 2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900726/survey-on-german-palliative-care-specialists-experiences-with-advance-directives
#13
Julia Zenz, Michael Zenz
INTRODUCTION: Advance directives (AD) play a central role in end-of-life treatments, intensive care, and palliative care. However, little is known about the experiences of healthcare professionals with ADs. This study reports on palliative care professionals' views on advance directives (AD). METHODS: A questionnaire was handed out to attendants of a palliative care symposium. RESULTS: Complete answers were obtained from 126 physicians and 276 nurses...
November 29, 2016: Pain and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899006/french-women-s-representations-and-experiences-of-the-post-treatment-management-of-breast-cancer-and-their-perception-of-the-general-practitioner-s-role-in-follow-up-care-a-qualitative-study
#14
Catherine Laporte, Julie Vaure, Anne Bottet, Bénédicte Eschalier, Clémentine Raineau, Denis Pezet, Philippe Vorilhon
BACKGROUND: In France, the Cancer Plan II 2009-2013 was launched to improve post-cancer management and promote greater involvement of general practitioners (GPs) in follow-up care. OBJECTIVES: We investigated how women experienced the post-treatment management of breast cancer and perceived the role of the GP in follow-up care. DESIGN: We conducted a qualitative study based on semi-structured interviews with women with breast cancer in remission...
November 29, 2016: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898281/goals-of-care-or-goals-of-trust-how-family-members-perceive-goals-for-dying-nursing-home-residents
#15
Cherie Rosemond, Laura C Hanson, Sheryl Zimmerman
PURPOSE OF STUDY: Dementia affects more than 5 million Americans, and is a leading cause of death. Family members of nursing home (NH) residents with advanced dementia report difficulty making decisions about care toward the end of life. As part of a randomized trial testing an intervention to improve decision making, this qualitative study aimed to understand how family decision makers experienced goal-based decision making in advance of the death of their relative. DESIGN AND METHODS: This qualitative study was conducted as part of the goals of care clinical trial...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898175/interventions-for-promoting-participation-in-shared-decision-making-for-children-with-cancer
#16
REVIEW
Imelda Coyne, Dónal P O'Mathúna, Faith Gibson, Linda Shields, Edith Leclercq, Greg Sheaf
BACKGROUND: This is an update of the Cochrane systematic review of shared decision-making (SMD) making published in 2013. Children's rights to have their views heard in matters that affect their lives are now well established since the publication of the UN Convention treaty (1989). Children with cancer generally prefer to be involved in decision-making and consider it important that they have the opportunity to take part in decision-making concerning their health care, even in end-of-life decisions...
November 29, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897768/good-practice-in-end-of-life-care
#17
(no author information available yet)
Amanda Cheesley qualified as a nurse in 1981 after training with Queen Alexandra Royal Army Nursing Corps. She served in the first Gulf War and has also worked for the NHS as a district nurse and a Marie Curie nurse.
November 16, 2016: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896388/-dying-and-death-in-societal-transformation
#18
Andreas Heller, Klaus Wegleitner
Dying and death in modern societies are subject to profound social, professional and cultural-religious changes. Secularization and a stronger differentiation of societies have led to a change in the way humans handle the dying process. Normatively ritualized collective behaviour has been replaced by an individual, subjectivized approach. In late modern societies there are many different views of what "successful" or "good" dying means.In the article this change is described by the following seven theses: 1...
November 28, 2016: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896237/negative-religious-coping-positive-religious-coping-and-quality-of-life-among-hemodialysis-patients
#19
Zahra Taheri-Kharameh, Hadi Zamanian, Ali Montazeri, Azadeh Asgarian, Roya Esbiri
BACKGROUND: Religious coping is known as a main resource influencing how individuals cope with the complications and stressors of chronic disease. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between religious coping and quality of life among hemodialysis patients. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in Qom, Iran, from June 2012 to July 2013. Ninety-five end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients undergoing hemodialysis were selected via the convenience sampling method...
November 2016: Nephro-urology Monthly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894822/a-parallel-group-randomised-open-blinded-evaluation-of-acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-for-depression-after-psychosis-pilot-trial-outcomes-adapt
#20
Andrew Gumley, Ross White, Andy Briggs, Ian Ford, Sarah Barry, Corinna Stewart, Sara Beedie, Jacqueline McTaggart, Caoimhe Clarke, Rachel MacLeod, Emma Lidstone, Bruno Salgado Riveros, Robin Young, Hamish McLeod
BACKGROUND: Depression is one of the major contributors to poorer quality of life amongst individuals with psychosis and schizophrenia. The study was designed as a Pilot Trial to determine the parameters of a larger, definitive pragmatic multi-centre randomised controlled trial of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy for depression after psychosis (ACTdp) for individuals with a diagnosis of schizophrenia who also meet diagnostic criteria for major depression. METHODS: Participants were required to meet criteria for schizophrenia and major depression...
November 25, 2016: Schizophrenia Research
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