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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899289/protective-propensity-of-bacoside-a-and-bromelain-on-renal-cholinesterases-%C3%AE-aminobutyric-acid-and-serotonin-level-of-mus-musculus-intoxicated-with-dichlorvos
#1
Sonam Agarwal, Bharti Chaudhary, Renu Bist
Current study established a protective action of bacoside A and bromelain against the toxic effects of dichlorvos in kidneys of mice. Experimental design included five groups. The first group was control. Mice of groups II, III and IV were administered doses of dichlorvos, bromelain and bacoside A respectively. In group V, mice were treated with both the antioxidants (bacoside A and bromelain) and dichlorvos. After 21 days of exposure of different doses, levels of acetylcholinesterase (AChE), butyrylcholinesterase (BChE), γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) and serotonin were measured in renal tissues...
November 26, 2016: Chemico-biological Interactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897439/il-4-mrna-is-downregulated-in-the-liver-of-pancreatic-cancer-patients-suffering-from-cachexia
#2
Olga Prokopchuk, Jürgen M Steinacker, Ulrich Nitsche, Stephanie Otto, Jeannine Bachmann, Elaine C Schubert, Helmut Friess, Marc E Martignoni
BACKGROUND: Interleukin-4 (IL-4) together with interleukin-13 (IL-13) play an important role in inflammation and wound repair, and are known to be upregulated in human skeletal muscle after strenuous physical exercise. Additionally, these cytokines may act as autocrine growth factors in pancreatic cancer cells. We hypothesize that IL-4, IL-13, and their corresponding receptors are involved in mechanism of cancer cachexia. METHODS: Tissue samples from human skeletal muscle, white fat, liver, healthy pancreas, and pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma were analyzed by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction for mRNA expression levels of IL-4, IL-13, IL-4 receptor α, and IL-13 receptor α1...
November 29, 2016: Nutrition and Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889910/elimination-of-the-apposition-in-latin-anatomical-terms
#3
Paul E Neumann
The anatomical nomenclature rules require that terms be as short and simple as possible. One common exception to that rule is Latin terms that contain two nouns in nominative case, for example, Musculus masseter and Os ischium. Although these may appear to speakers of other languages to be compound nouns, they are appositions, grammatical structures in which one noun renames, defines or describes the entity named by the other noun. More than 125 terms in Terminologia Anatomica can be simplified, without loss of clarity, by prohibiting use of more than one noun in nominative case in Latin anatomical terms (e...
November 7, 2016: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878919/effect-of-health-status-on-fattening-performance-in-young-crossbred-polish-holstein-friesian-%C3%A3-limousin-bulls-and-steers
#4
Zofia Wielgosz-Groth, Monika Sobczuk-Szul, Zenon Nogalski, Paulina Pogorzelska-Przybyłek, Cezary Purwin
The aim of this study was to determine the effect of disease incidence on selected parameters of cattle fattening performance and carcass quality, and the fatty acid profile of beef. The experimental materials comprised 16 bulls and 16 steers, Polish Holstein-Friesian × Limousin crossbreeds (including 10 healthy and six treated animals of each category). At 5 weeks of age, bloodless castration was carried out using a rubber elastrator. The calves were fed milk replacer provided in automatic feeding stations...
November 23, 2016: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878895/polymorphisms-of-rdh16-and-vegfr1-influence-m-trapezius-steatosis-in-japanese-black-carcass
#5
Takafumi Ishida, Kosuke Noda, Fortune Ntengwa Jomane, Tadaaki Tokunaga
The exact cause of steatosis, one of defects in Japanese beef carcasses, has not been elucidated to date, because it is very difficult to diagnose cyclopedically with certain reproducibility due to the bias in the outbreak. Therefore, the objective of this study was to assess the influence of polymorphisms in retinol dehydrogenase 16 (RDH16), myoferlin (MYOF) and vascular endothelial growth factor receptors 1 and 2 (VEGFR1, VEGFR2) on carcass-graded Musculus trapezius steatosis. For logistic regression analysis, 646 carcasses shipped from 29 farms in Miyazaki, Japan, were used...
November 23, 2016: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864972/a-morphological-and-morphometric-study-of-bite-marks-caused-by-mice-mus-musculus-on-different-baits-for-forensic-purposes
#6
Víctor A Toledo, Gabriel M Fonseca, Paula A González, Luis Ibarra, Francisco J Torres, Pedro L Sáez
In animal bites, the dental attributes can be fundamental in identifying the marks made by various species on different matrices. Although rodent bite marks have been studied in the context of postmortem interference, little research has used different baits to analyze these marks linking not only specific behavior patterns but also the possibility of structural damage. Twenty mice (Mus musculus) were exposed to different baits to study their bite marks in a controlled model. The known pattern of parallel and multiple grooves has been seen in all baits, but polyvinyl chloride and fiber-optic cable were significantly different between each other and the other baits...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864900/recombination-rate-variation-in-mice-from-an-isolated-island
#7
Richard J Wang, Melissa M Gray, Michelle D Parmenter, Karl W Broman, Bret A Payseur
Recombination rate is a heritable trait that varies among individuals. Despite the major impact of recombination rate on patterns of genetic diversity and the efficacy of selection, natural variation in this phenotype remains poorly characterized. We present a comparison of genetic maps, sampling 1,212 meioses, from a unique population of wild house mice (Mus musculus domesticus) that recently colonized remote Gough Island. Crosses to a mainland reference strain (WSB/EiJ) reveal pervasive variation in recombination rate among Gough Island mice, including sub-chromosomal intervals spanning up to 28% of the genome...
November 19, 2016: Molecular Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854046/fluoride-exposure-aggravates-the-testicular-damage-and-sperm-quality-in-diabetic-mice-protective-role-of-ginseng-and-banaba
#8
Saumya Sm, P Mahaboob Basha
Fluoride toxicity is known to pose infertility in fluoride-intoxicated animals as well as in people residing in fluoride endemic zones. The present study addresses the degree of impairments caused due to co-exposure of high fluoride toxicity in diabetic mice. Swiss mice, Mus musculus, were subjected to fluoride toxicity by providing fluoride-supplemented drinking water (600 ppm NaF) for a period of 30 days after the confirmation of streptozotocin-induced diabetes(STZ, 50 mg/kgbw). Consequently, aggravated hyperglycemia and tissue fluoride accumulation were witnessed in fluoride-intoxicated diabetic mice; later, these toxicated mice were treated with ginseng extract (GE) and banaba leaf extract, (BLE) at dose of 150 mg/kgbw/day alone and in combination for 15 and 30-day duration to check the efficacy of phytoextracts in reversing the toxicity...
November 16, 2016: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27828976/seasonal-and-diel-vocalization-patterns-of-antarctic-blue-whale-balaenoptera-musculus-intermedia-in-the-southern-indian-ocean-a-multi-year-and-multi-site-study
#9
Emmanuelle C Leroy, Flore Samaran, Julien Bonnel, Jean-Yves Royer
Passive acoustic monitoring is an efficient way to provide insights on the ecology of large whales. This approach allows for long-term and species-specific monitoring over large areas. In this study, we examined six years (2010 to 2015) of continuous acoustic recordings at up to seven different locations in the Central and Southern Indian Basin to assess the peak periods of presence, seasonality and migration movements of Antarctic blue whales (Balaenoptera musculus intermedia). An automated method is used to detect the Antarctic blue whale stereotyped call, known as Z-call...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27827334/cryptosporidium-testudinis-sp-n-cryptosporidium-ducismarci-traversa-2010-and-cryptosporidium-tortoise-genotype-iii-apicomplexa-cryptosporidiidae-in-tortoises
#10
Jana Jezkova, Michaela Horcickova, Lenka Hlaskova, Bohumil Sak, Dana Kvetonova, Jan Novak, Lada Hofmannova, John McEvoy, Martin Kvac
Understanding of the diversity of species of Cryptosporidium Tyzzer, 1910 in tortoises remains incomplete due to the limited number of studies on these hosts. The aim of the present study was to characterise the genetic diversity and biology of cryptosporidia in tortoises of the family Testudinidae Batsch. Faecal samples were individually collected immediately after defecation and were screened for presence of cryptosporidia by microscopy using aniline-carbol-methyl violet staining, and by PCR amplification and sequence analysis targeting the small subunit rRNA (SSU), Cryptosporidium oocyst wall protein (COWP) and actin genes...
October 14, 2016: Folia Parasitologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822541/16s-rrna-amplicon-sequencing-for-epidemiological-surveys-of-bacteria-in-wildlife
#11
Maxime Galan, Maria Razzauti, Emilie Bard, Maria Bernard, Carine Brouat, Nathalie Charbonnel, Alexandre Dehne-Garcia, Anne Loiseau, Caroline Tatard, Lucie Tamisier, Muriel Vayssier-Taussat, Helene Vignes, Jean-François Cosson
The human impact on natural habitats is increasing the complexity of human-wildlife interactions and leading to the emergence of infectious diseases worldwide. Highly successful synanthropic wildlife species, such as rodents, will undoubtedly play an increasingly important role in transmitting zoonotic diseases. We investigated the potential for recent developments in 16S rRNA amplicon sequencing to facilitate the multiplexing of the large numbers of samples needed to improve our understanding of the risk of zoonotic disease transmission posed by urban rodents in West Africa...
July 2016: MSystems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819717/wnt7b-gene-expression-and-functional-analysis-in-the-mussel-mytilus-coruscus
#12
Y F Xu, X Liang, Y R Chen, Y F Li, J L Yang
To understand the potential functions of Wnt7b in different developmental stages and adult tissues of the mussel Mytilus coruscus, the Wnt7b gene was cloned using the rapid amplification of cDNA ends technique. The full-length Wnt7b gene was 1910 bp long, with a 1059-bp open reading frame encoding 352 amino acids. The amino acid sequence of the M. coruscus Wnt7b gene shared high homology with that of Homo sapiens (59%), Mus musculus (61%), Danio rerio (61% similarity), Biomphalaria glabrata (62% similarity), Aplysia californica (66% similarity), and Crassostrea gigas (74%)...
November 3, 2016: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812991/animal-models-to-study-ampk
#13
Benoit Viollet, Marc Foretz
AMPK is an evolutionary conserved energy sensor involved in the regulation of energy metabolism. Based on biochemical studies, AMPK has brought much of interest in recent years due to its potential impact on metabolic disorders. Suitable animal models are therefore essential to promote our understanding of the molecular and functional roles of AMPK but also to bring novel information for the development of novel therapeutic strategies. The organism systems include pig (Sus scrofa), mouse (Mus musculus), fly (Drosophila melanogaster), worm (Caenorhabditis elegans), and fish (Danio rerio) models...
2016: EXS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812417/characterization-of-a-male-reproductive-transcriptome-for-peromyscus-eremicus-cactus-mouse
#14
Lauren L Kordonowy, Matthew D MacManes
Rodents of the genus Peromyscus have become increasingly utilized models for investigations into adaptive biology. This genus is particularly powerful for research linking genetics with adaptive physiology or behaviors, and recent research has capitalized on the unique opportunities afforded by the ecological diversity of these rodents. Well characterized genomic and transcriptomic data is intrinsic to explorations of the genetic architecture responsible for ecological adaptations. Therefore, this study characterizes the transcriptome of three male reproductive tissues (testes, epididymis and vas deferens) of Peromyscus eremicus (Cactus mouse), a desert specialist...
2016: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805902/association-of-foxd1-variants-with-adverse-pregnancy-outcomes-in-mice-and-humans
#15
Paul Laissue, Besma Lakhal, Magalie Vatin, Frank Batista, Gaëtan Burgio, Eric Mercier, Esther Dos Santos, Christophe Buffat, Diana Carolina Sierra-Diaz, Gilles Renault, Xavier Montagutelli, Jane Salmon, Philippe Monget, Reiner A Veitia, Céline Méhats, Marc Fellous, Jean-Christophe Gris, Julie Cocquet, Daniel Vaiman
Recurrent spontaneous abortion (RSA) is a common cause of infertility, but previous attempts at identifying RSA causative genes have been relatively unsuccessful. Such failure to describe RSA aetiological genes might be explained by the fact that reproductive phenotypes should be considered as quantitative traits resulting from the intricate interaction of numerous genetic, epigenetic and environmental factors. Here, we studied an interspecific recombinant congenic strain (IRCS) of Mus musculus from the C57BL6/J strain of mice harbouring an approximate 5 Mb DNA fragment from chromosome 13 from Mus spretus mice (66H-MMU13 strain), with a high rate of embryonic resorption (ER)...
October 2016: Open Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800505/fifteen-days-of-3-200-m-simulated-hypoxia-marginally-regulates-markers-for-protein-synthesis-and-degradation-in-human-skeletal-muscle
#16
Gommaar D'Hulst, Alessandra Ferri, Damien Naslain, Luc Bertrand, Sandrine Horman, Marc Francaux, David J Bishop, Louise Deldicque
Chronic hypoxia leads to muscle atrophy. The molecular mechanisms responsible for this phenomenon are not well defined in vivo. We sought to determine how chronic hypoxia regulates molecular markers of protein synthesis and degradation in human skeletal muscle and whether these regulations were related to the regulation of the hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF) pathway. Eight young male subjects lived in a normobaric hypoxic hotel (FiO2 14.1%, 3,200 m) for 15 days in well-controlled conditions for nutrition and physical activity...
2016: Hypoxia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799683/comparison-of-abdominal-muscle-thickness-according-to-feedback-method-used-during-abdominal-hollowing-exercise
#17
Sangyong Lee, Seulki Han, Daehee Lee
[Purpose] This study was intended to examine the most effective feedback method for contracting the musculus transversus abdominis muscle by using basic training, a pressure biofeedback unit, and real-time ultrasonographic imaging during abdominal hollowing exercise training. [Subjects and Methods] The subjects in this study were 30 healthy young students in their twenties. Thirty subjects were divided randomly and equally into the basic training, the pressure biofeedback unit, and real-time ultrasonographic imaging groups...
September 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789692/weram-a-database-of-writers-erasers-and-readers-of-histone-acetylation-and-methylation-in-eukaryotes
#18
Yang Xu, Shuang Zhang, Shaofeng Lin, Yaping Guo, Wankun Deng, Ying Zhang, Yu Xue
In this work, we developed a database WERAM (http://weram.biocuckoo.org/) for histone acetyltransferases, histone deacetylases, histone methyltransferases, histone demethylases and acetyl- or methyl-binding proteins, which catalyze, remove and recognize histone acetylation and methylation sites as 'writers', 'erasers' and 'readers', and synergistically determine the 'histone code'. From the scientific literature, we totally collected over 580 experimentally identified histone regulators from eight model organisms, including Homo sapiens, Mus musculus, Rattus norvegicus, Drosophila melanogaster, Caenorhabditis elegans, Arabidopsis thaliana, Schizosaccharomyces pombe and Saccharomyces cerevisiae We also collected ∼900 site-specific regulator-histone relations from the eight species...
October 26, 2016: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27786303/prevalence-of-hemorrhagic-fever-with-renal-syndrome-in-qingdao-city-china-2010-2014
#19
Fachun Jiang, Zhentang Zhang, Liyan Dong, Bi Hao, Zaifeng Xue, Dongqiang Ma, Hang Su, Hong-Ling Wen, Hao Yu, Xue-Jie Yu
Hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS) was considered to be transmitted by Apodemus agrarius and Rattus norvegicus, the principal animal hosts of Hantaan virus and Seoul virus, respectively. The aim of this study is to determine the correlation of HFRS incidence with capture rate and hantavirus infection rate of rodent species in Qingdao City, China. We collected HFRS patients' information and captured field and residential rodents in Qingdao City, China from 2010 to 2014. The correlations of HFRS incidence to rodent capture rate and hantavirus infection rate of rodents were analyzed statistically...
October 27, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784721/evolution-of-the-genotype-to-phenotype-map-and-the-cost-of-pleiotropy-in-mammals
#20
Arthur Porto, Ryan Schmelter, John L VandeBerg, Gabriel Marroig, James M Cheverud
Evolutionary studies have long emphasized that the genetic architecture of traits holds important microevolutionary consequences. Yet, studies comparing the genetic architecture of traits across species are rare, and discussions of the evolution of genetic systems are made on theoretical arguments rather than on empirical evidence. Here, we compared the genetic architecture of cranial traits in two different mammalian model organisms, the gray short-tailed opossum, Monodelphis domestica, and the laboratory mouse, Mus musculus We show that both organisms share a highly polygenic genetic architecture for craniofacial traits, with many loci of small effect...
October 26, 2016: Genetics
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