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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350555/outcomes-of-latarjet-procedure-compared-with-bankart-repair-for-recurrent-traumatic-anterior-shoulder-instability
#1
Kellie C Huxel Bliven, Gail P Parr
Reference/Citation:  An VV, Sivakumar BS, Phan K, Trantalis J. A systematic review and meta-analysis of clinical and patient-reported outcomes following two procedures for recurrent traumatic anterior instability of the shoulder: Latarjet procedure vs. Bankart repair. J Shoulder Elbow Surg. 2016;25(5):853-863. CLINICAL QUESTION:   Are clinical and patient-reported outcomes different between the Latarjet and Bankart repair stabilization procedures when performed for recurrent traumatic anterior shoulder instability? DATA SOURCES:   Ovid MEDLINE, PubMed, Cochrane databases, American College of Physicians Journal Club, and Database of Abstracts of Review of Effectiveness were searched up to June 2015...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349975/-clinical-research-on-the-arthroscopic-treatment-for-recurrent-patellar-dislocation-by-anatomical-reconstruction-of-medial-patellarfemoral-ligament
#2
Zhen-Yang Yu, Xu Cai, Wang Gu
OBJECTIVE: To observe the therapeutic effects of arthroscopic treatment for recurrent patellar dislocation by anatomical reconstruction of medial patellarfemoral ligament. METHODS: From June 2009 to December 2014, 25 patients with recurrent patellar dislocation were treated with anatomical reconstruction of medial patellarfemoral ligament surgery under arthroscopy. There were 10 males and 15 females, with an average age of 18.4 years old (ranged, 15 to 25 years old )...
April 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349651/epidemiology-of-head-injuries-focusing-on-concussions-in-team-contact-sports-a-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
Annika Prien, Alexander Grafe, Roland Rössler, Astrid Junge, Evert Verhagen
BACKGROUND: Although injuries to the head represent a small proportion of all sport injuries, they are of great concern due to their potential long-term consequences, which are even suspected in mild traumatic brain injuries. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this review was to compare the incidence of concussions and other head injuries in elite level football, rugby, ice hockey and American Football. METHODS: Four electronic databases (CINAHL, PsycINFO, Web of Science, PubMed) were searched...
January 18, 2018: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349255/gender-specific-associations-between-involvement-in-team-sport-culture-and-canadian-adolescents-substance-use-behavior
#4
Randy Boyes, Dylan E O'Sullivan, Brooke Linden, Michael McIsaac, William Pickett
Canadian adolescents have some of the highest rates of substance use in the world. The etiology of this phenomenon has not been fully explored, and one possible contextual determinant is involvement in sport activities that foster risk-taking behaviors through physical and social mechanisms. Using the 2013-14 Health Behaviour in School Aged Children (HBSC) study we therefore examined this hypothesis in a contemporary national sample of Canadian adolescents. The strength and direction of the relationship between sport and substance use varied by gender and substance, with team sport participation associated with increased binge drinking (RR 1...
December 2017: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349095/spinal-motocross-injuries-in-the-united-kingdom
#5
Rohit Singh, Amit Bhalla, Matthew Ockendon, Stuart Hay
Background: Motocross is a form of motorcycle racing held on established off-road circuits and has been a recreational and competitive sport across the world for >100 years. In the United Kingdom alone, motocross has grown into a phenomenally ambitious and popular franchise. There are >200 motocross clubs across the country, permitting >900 events annually. Purpose: To assess the current trend of spine-related motocross injuries over the past 5 years. Study Design: Descriptive epidemiology study...
January 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349094/upper-extremity-functional-status-of-female-youth-softball-pitchers-using-the-kerlan-jobe-orthopaedic-clinic-questionnaire
#6
Kaila A Holtz, Russell J O'Connor
Background: Softball is a popular sport with a high incidence of upper extremity injuries. The Kerlan-Jobe Orthopaedic Clinic (KJOC) questionnaire is a validated performance and functional assessment tool used in overhead athletes. Upper extremity pain patterns and baseline KJOC scores have not been reported for active female youth softball pitchers. Purpose/Hypothesis: The purpose of this study was to establish the prevalence of upper extremity pain and its effect in female youth softball pitchers over a competitive season...
January 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347941/a-five-year-retrospective-study-of-the-epidemiological-characteristics-and-visual-outcomes-of-pediatric-ocular-trauma
#7
Edita Puodžiuvienė, Giedrė Jokūbauskienė, Monika Vieversytė, Kirwan Asselineau
BACKGROUND: Pediatric trauma can lead to serious visual impairment as a result of the trauma itself or secondary to amblyopia. Precise data on epidemiological characteristics and visual outcomes of pediatric ocular injuries are valuable for the prevention of monocular blindness. METHODS: A total of 268 cases of pediatric ocular trauma admitted to the Department of Ophthalmology of the Lithuanian University of Health Sciences Hospital from January 2008 to December 2013 were retrospectively reviewed...
January 18, 2018: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345960/pacing-strategies-by-age-in-marathon-cross-country-skiing
#8
Pantelis Theodoros Nikolaidis, Beat Knechtle
OBJECTIVES: Pacing strategies have mainly been investigated for runners, but little is known for cross-country skiers. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether differences in pacing strategies do exist between younger and older cross-country skiers competing in the 42km 'Engadin Ski Marathon'. METHODS: Pacing was studied in 105,565 cross-country skiers (classified in 5-year age groups) competing between 1998 and 2016 in this race by examining changes of mean section velocity in 10km (Change A, i...
January 18, 2018: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345519/-i-just-roll-over-pick-myself-up-and-carry-on-exploring-the-fall-risk-experience-of-canadian-masters-athletes
#9
Dylan Brennan, Aleksandra A Zecevic, Shannon L Sibbald, Volker Nolte
OBJECTIVES: The risk of falling increases in adults over the age of 65. A common barrier to take up physical activity in sedentary older adults is the fear of falls and injury. Experiences of masters athletes can provide insights into management of the risk for falling. The purpose of this phenomenological study was to explore the fall-risk experience of masters athletes actively competing in sport. METHODS: Masters athletes over the age of 55 (n=22) described their experiences in semi-structured interviews...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343231/cementless-unicompartmental-knee-replacement-allows-early-return-to-normal-activity
#10
Benjamin Panzram, Ines Bertlich, Tobias Reiner, Tilman Walker, Sébastien Hagmann, Tobias Gotterbarm
BACKGROUND: Physical activity and regular participation in recreational sports gain importance in patients' lifestyle after knee arthroplasty. Cementless unicompartimental Knee replacement with the Oxford System has been introduced into clinical routine. Currently there is no data reporting on the physical activity, return to sports rate and quality of live after medial cementless Oxford Unicompartimental Knee Replacement (OUKR). METHODS: This retrospective cohort study reports on the functional outcome of the first 27 consecutive patients (30 knees) that were consecutively treated with a cementless medial OUKR between 2007 and 2009 in our hospital...
January 17, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342896/how-does-counselling-in-a-stationary-health-care-setting-affect-the-attendance-in-a-standardised-sports-club-programme-process-evaluation-of-a-quasi-experimental-study
#11
Sylvia Titze, Christian Lackinger, Lena Grossschaedl, Albert Strehn, Thomas E Dorner, Josef Niebauer, Wolfgang Schebesch-Ruf
Actions in partnership across sectors is one principle for the promotion of health behaviours. The objective of this study was to describe the participation in a sports club-based exercise programme-named JACKPOT-following an intervention in a health care setting. Focus was given to the recruitment into JACKPOT, the attendance level, and whether the different programme elements were implemented as intented. The practicability of the project was also retrospectively rated. Participants were 238 inactive people (50% women) between 30 and 65 years of age who attended a health resort...
January 14, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340745/a-6-week-warm-up-injury-prevention-programme-results-in-minimal-biomechanical-changes-during-jump-landings-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Jeffrey B Taylor, Kevin R Ford, Randy J Schmitz, Scott E Ross, Terry A Ackerman, Sandra J Shultz
PURPOSE: To examine the extent to which an ACL injury prevention programme modifies lower extremity biomechanics during single- and double-leg landing tasks in both the sagittal and frontal plane. It was hypothesized that the training programme would elicit improvements in lower extremity biomechanics, but that these improvements would be greater during a double-leg sagittal plane landing task than tasks performed on a single leg or in the frontal plane. METHODS: Ninety-seven competitive multi-directional sport athletes that competed at the middle- or high-school level were cluster randomized into intervention (n = 48, age = 15...
January 16, 2018: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340003/sports-activity-following-cementless-metaphyseal-hip-joint-arthroplasty
#13
Szymon Czech, Jacek Hermanson, Piotr Rodak, Tomasz Stołtny, Łukasz Rodak, Sławomir Kasperczyk, Bogdan Koczy, Michał Mielnik
An adequate level of physical activity has a substantial effect on both mental and physical human health. Physical activity is largely dependent on the function of the musculoskeletal and articular system. One of the most frequent diseases of this system is degenerative joint disease. Due to the changing and more demanding lifestyles and patients' willingness to be involved in sports activity, the expectations of hip joint arthroplasty are becoming increasingly high. Alleviating pain ceases to be the only reason for which patients choose surgical interventions, while the expectations often include involvement in various sports...
December 2017: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340001/neuromuscular-control-during-the-bench-press-movement-in-an-elite-disabled-and-able-bodied-athlete
#14
Artur Gołaś, Anna Zwierzchowska, Adam Maszczyk, Michał Wilk, Petr Stastny, Adam Zając
The disabled population varies significantly in regard to physical fitness, what is conditioned by the damage to the locomotor system. Recently there has been an increased emphasis on the role of competitive sport in enhancing health and the quality of life of individuals with disability. One of the sport disciplines of Paralympics is the flat bench press. The bench press is one of the most popular resistance exercises used for the upper body in healthy individuals. It is used not only by powerlifters, but also by athletes in most strength-speed oriented sport disciplines...
December 2017: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339997/the-relative-age-effect-on-soccer-players-in-formative-stages-with-different-sport-expertise-levels
#15
Alba Práxedes, Alberto Moreno, Luis García-González, David Pizarro, Fernando Del Villar
The Relative Age Effect (RAE) in sport has been targeted by many research studies. The objective of this study was to analyze, in amateur clubs, the RAE of soccer players, according to the sport expertise level of the team (e.g., A, B, C and subsequent) that they belong to within the same game category. 1,098 soccer players in formative stages took part in the study, with ages varying between 6 and 18 years old (U8 to U19 categories). All of them were members of 4 Spanish federated clubs. The birth dates were classified into 4 quartiles (Q1 = Jan-Mar; Q2 = Apr-Jun; Q3 = Jul-Sept; Q4 = Oct-Dec)according to the team they belonged to...
December 2017: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339995/physical-performance-and-anthropometric-characteristics-of-male-south-african-university-soccer-players
#16
Alliance Kubayi, Yvonne Paul, Prescott Mahlangu, Abel Toriola
Soccer is the most popular sport worldwide. Despite its global acclaim, scientific studies of soccer have tended to focus on tactics and techniques, thereby neglecting the physical and physiological profile of the players. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine physical and anthropometric characteristics of male South African university soccer players. Twenty-seven male soccer players aged 19 to 24 (mean age: 22.1 years; s = 1.5 years) volunteered to participate in the study. The results showed that goalkeepers (77...
December 2017: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339994/the-second-to-fourth-digit-ratio-in-elite-and-non-elite-greco-roman-wrestlers
#17
Mohammad Keshavarz, Mahdi Bayati, Babak Farzad, Amirbahador Dakhili, Hamid Agha-Alinejad
A low second-to-fourth digit ratio (2D:4D) has been reported to correlate with high performance and athletic potential of an individual in sport. It has been suggested that 2D:4D is a relatively weak predictor of strength and a stronger predictor of efficiency in aerobic exercise. Comparing extreme groups on a continuum of sports performance requiring high power (physical strength) output would be helpful to resolve this issue. Therefore, the purpose of the present study was to compare the 2D:4D ratio of world-class elite Greco-Roman wrestlers (n = 10) taking part in Olympic fitness camps in 2013 with the 2D:4D ratio of non-elite collegiate wrestlers (n = 20), and age-matched sedentary males (n = 40)...
December 2017: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339988/impact-of-futsal-and-swimming-participation-on-bone-health-in-young-athletes
#18
André Seabra, Ricardo J Fernandes, Elisa Marques, Miguel Moura, Esther Ubago-Guisado, Enrique Hernando, Leonor Gallardo
Physical activity plays a crucial role in bone mass acquisition during childhood and adolescence, with weightbearing and high-impact sport activities being more beneficial. This study sought to evaluate the impact of different sports activities on bone mineral density and content in male Portuguese athletes. Seventy adolescent boys (aged 12-15 years) including 28 futsal players (FG), 20 swimmers (SG) and 22 non-athletic adolescents used as control subjects (CG), participated in the current study. Areal bone mineral density (aBMD) and areal bone mineral content (aBMC) were measured by dual energy x-ray absorptiometry (DEXA)...
December 2017: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338704/alcohol-marketing-on-youtube-exploratory-analysis-of-content-adaptation-to-enhance-user-engagement-in-different-national-contexts
#19
Himanshu Gupta, Tina Lam, Simone Pettigrew, Robert J Tait
BACKGROUND: We know little about how social media alcohol marketing is utilized for alcohol promotion in different national contexts. There does not appear to be any academic work on online exposure to alcohol marketing via social media in India, and most of the limited research in Australia has focused on Facebook. Hence, the present study extends previous research by investigating alcohol promotion conducted on an under-researched form of social media (YouTube) in two contrasting geographic contexts...
January 16, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338015/exercise-induced-circulating-microrna-changes-in-athletes-in-various-training-scenarios
#20
Martin Horak, Filip Zlamal, Robert Iliev, Jan Kucera, Jan Cacek, Lenka Svobodova, Zuzana Hlavonova, Tomas Kalina, Ondrej Slaby, Julie Bienertova-Vasku
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to compare selected extracellular miRNA levels (miR-16, miR-21, miR-93 and miR-222 with the response to 8-week-long explosive strength training (EXPL), hypertrophic strength training (HYP) and high-intensity interval training (HIIT). METHODS: 30 young male athletes of white European origin (mean age: 22.5 ± 4.06 years) recruited at the Faculty of Sports Studies of Masaryk University were enrolled in this study. The study participants were randomly assigned to three possible training scenarios: EXPL, HYP or HITT and participated in 8-week-long program in given arm...
2018: PloS One
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