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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806864/study-of-physical-function-in-adolescents-with-haemophilia-the-so-fit-study
#1
K Khair, M Holland, M Bladen, A Griffioen, P McLaughlin, S von Mackensen
INTRODUCTION: Contemporary haemophilia care demands Patient-Reported Outcomes. SO-FIT is a UK multi-centre study, assessing self-reported function, health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and joint health in boys with severe haemophilia. METHODS: Subjective physical function (PedHAL, HEP-Test-Q) and HRQoL (Haemo-QoL Short Form [SF]) were assessed alongside joint health using the objective Haemophilia Joint Health Score (HJHS v2.1). Demographic and clinical data were collected...
August 14, 2017: Haemophilia: the Official Journal of the World Federation of Hemophilia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806751/the-relative-age-effect-reversal-among-the-national-hockey-league-elite
#2
Luca Fumarco, Benjamin G Gibbs, Jonathan A Jarvis, Giambattista Rossi
Like many sports in adolescence, junior hockey is organized by age groups. Typically, players born after December 31st are placed in the subsequent age cohort and as a result, will have an age advantage over those players born closer to the end of the year. While this relative age effect (RAE) has been well-established in junior hockey and other professional sports, the long-term impact of this phenomenon is not well understood. Using roster data on North American National Hockey League (NHL) players from the 2008-2009 season to the 2015-2016 season, we document a RAE reversal-players born in the last quarter of the year (October-December) score more and command higher salaries than those born in the first quarter of the year...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804514/is-eus-guided-drainage-a-suitable-alternative-technique-in-case-of-proximal-biliary-obstruction
#3
Frédérick Moryoussef, Adrien Sportes, Sarah Leblanc, Jean Baptiste Bachet, Stanislas Chaussade, Frédéric Prat
BACKGROUND: Results of endoscopic ultrasound-guided biliary drainage (EUBD) are unknown in case of proximal stricture. The aim is to assess clinical outcomes of EUBD in patients with malignant hilar obstruction. METHODS: Patients undergoing EUBD with hilar strictures were prospectively included. Primary outcome was clinical success at 7 and 30 days (defined by 50% bilirubin decrease). Secondary outcomes were technical success, procedure-related complications, length of hospital stay, reintervention rate, survival and chemotherapy administration...
July 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803759/role-of-tear-location-on-outcomes-of-open-primary-repair-of-the-anterior-cruciate-ligament-a-systematic-review-of-historical-studies
#4
REVIEW
Jelle P van der List, Gregory S DiFelice
BACKGROUND: The general opinion is that outcomes of open primary repair of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) in the historical literature were disappointing. Since good outcomes of primary repair of proximal tears have recently been reported, we aimed to assess the role of tear location on open primary repair outcomes in the historical literature. METHODS: All studies reporting outcomes of open primary ACL repair published between the inception of PubMed, Embase and Cochrane and 2000 were identified...
August 10, 2017: Knee
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803004/-just-blood-donors-a-study-on-the-multi-affiliations-of-blood-donors
#5
Sara Alfieri, Maura Pozzi, Elena Marta, Vincenzo Saturni, Giovanni Aresi, Paolo Guiddi
BACKGROUND: The present work proposes to explore a phenomenon well known in the world of blood donation, but little explored by literature: multi-affiliations. By that term, in this paper we mean blood donors' engagement in multiple associations of various natures (donation, recreation, sports, etc.) simultaneously. The first objective proposes to explore the phenomenon of multi-affiliations in descriptive terms; the second is to look into the differences-in terms of motivations, family-work-volunteerism reconciliation, life satisfaction, and membership satisfaction-between those who "only" carry out blood donation activity and those who instead participate in multiple associative realities concurrently...
July 25, 2017: Transfusion and Apheresis Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801826/brain-activity-changes-in-somatosensory-and-emotion-related-areas-with-medial-patellofemoral-ligament-deficiency
#6
Masaru Kadowaki, Taku Tadenuma, Nobuyuki Kumahashi, Yuji Uchio
BACKGROUND: Patellar instability with medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL) deficiency is a common sports injury among young people. Although nonoperative and surgical treatment can provide stability of the patella, patients often have anxiety related to the knee. We speculate that neural dysfunction may be related to anxiety in these patients; however, the mechanism in the brain that generates this anxiety remains unknown. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: (1) How does brain activity in patients with MPFL deficiency change in the areas related to somatic sensation against lateral shift of the patella? (2) How does patella instability, which can lead to continuous fear or apprehension for dislocation, influence brain activity in the areas related to emotion? METHODS: Nineteen patients with MPFL deficiency underwent surgical reconstruction in our hospital from April 2012 to March 2014...
August 11, 2017: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801751/activity-demands-during-multi-directional-team-sports-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Jeffrey B Taylor, Alexis A Wright, Steven L Dischiavi, M Allison Townsend, Adam R Marmon
BACKGROUND: Late-stage rehabilitation programs often incorporate 'sport-specific' demands, but may not optimally simulate the in-game volume or intensity of such activities as sprinting, cutting, jumping, and lateral movement. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this review was to characterize, quantify, and compare straight-line running and multi-directional demands during sport competition. DATA SOURCES: A systematic review of PubMed, CINAHL, SPORTDiscus, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials databases was conducted...
August 12, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800789/indicators-of-poorly-controlled-asthma-and-health-related-quality-of-life-among-school-age-children-in-the-united-states
#8
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Poorly controlled asthma has far-reaching effects on school-age children and their parents, but little is knownabout the national impact on health-related quality of life (HRQoL). OBJECTIVE: To examine HRQoL associated with asthma and indicators of poorly controlled asthma in the United States. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional analysis of HRQoL among school-age children (age range, 6-17 years) with asthma in the nationally representative 2007-2013 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS)...
August 11, 2017: Allergy and Asthma Proceedings:
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800060/relationship-between-physical-activity-level-and-psychosocial-and-socioeconomic-factors-and-issues-in-children-and-adolescents-with-asthma-a-scoping-review
#9
Thomas Westergren, Sveinung Berntsen, Mette Spliid Ludvigsen, Hanne Aagaard, Elisabeth O C Hall, Yngvar Ommundsen, Lisbeth Uhrenfeldt, Liv Fegran
BACKGROUND: Asthma is a heterogeneous chronic airway disease which may reduce capability for physical activity. In healthy peers, physical activity is influenced by psychosocial and socioeconomic factors. Knowledge about the role of these factors has not been mapped in children and adolescents with asthma. OBJECTIVE: The main objective of this scoping review was to identify psychosocial and socioeconomic factors associated with physical activity level in children and adolescents with asthma in the literature...
August 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799866/proprioception-and-flexibility-profiles-of-elite-synchronized-swimmers
#10
Nora M Y Cho, Hedda P Giorgi, Karen P Y Liu, Young-Hyeon Bae, Louisa M Y Chung, Kitchana Kaewkaen, Shirley S M Fong
This study compared the full-body flexibility and joint proprioception (on land and underwater) of (a) 20 elite female synchronized swimmers (mean age ± standard deviation = 18.5 ± 1.9 years) and (b) 20 college female swim team members with no training in synchronized swimming (control participants; mean age ± standard deviation = 20.6 ± 1.3 years). Flexibility of the trunk and upper and lower limbs was measured using plastic tape and a goniometer, respectively. Joint proprioception (joint position sense) of the upper and lower limbs on land and underwater was measured by an active joint angle repositioning test...
January 1, 2017: Perceptual and Motor Skills
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799864/internal-and-external-imagery-effects-on-tennis-skills-among-novices
#11
Amir Dana, Elmira Gozalzadeh
The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of internal and external visual imagery perspectives on performance accuracy of open and closed tennis skills (i.e., serve, forehand, and backhand) among novices. Thirty-six young male novices, aged 15 to 18 years, from a summer tennis program participated in the study. Following initial skill acquisition (12 sessions), baseline assessments of imagery ability and imagery perspective preference were used to assign participants to one of three groups: internal imagery ( n = 12), external imagery ( n = 12), or a no-imagery (mental math exercise) control group ( n = 12)...
January 1, 2017: Perceptual and Motor Skills
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798039/physical-activity-during-adolescence-and-the-development-of-cam-morphology-a-cross-sectional-cohort-study-of-210-individuals
#12
Antony Palmer, Scott Fernquest, Mo Gimpel, Richard Birchall, Andrew Judge, John Broomfield, Julia Newton, Mark Wotherspoon, Andrew Carr, Sion Glyn-Jones
INTRODUCTION: Cam morphology is a strong risk factor for the development of hip pain and osteoarthritis. It is increasingly thought to develop in association with intense physical activity during youth; however, the aetiology remains uncertain. The study aim was to characterise the effect of physical activity on morphological hip development during adolescence. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of individuals aged 9-18 years recruited from Southampton Football Club Academy (103 male) with an age-matched control population (52 males and 55 females)...
August 10, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797704/preventing-weight-related-problems-among-adolescent-girls-a-cluster-randomized-trial-comparing-the-brazilian-new-moves-program-versus-observation
#13
Karin Louise Lenz Dunker, Angélica Medeiros Claudino
PURPOSE: To conduct a cluster randomized controlled trial comparing the Brazilian version of the New Moves program (NMP) versus observation among Brazilian adolescent girls. METHODS: Ten schools were randomly allocated to the Brazilian NMP or the observation arm. Study participants included 12-14-year-old girls. Recruitment occurred between February 2014 and March 2015. The NMP included sports, nutritional support, motivational interviews, collective lunch, and parental information materials...
August 7, 2017: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796530/athletic-trainers-roles-and-responsibilities-regarding-academic-adjustments-as-part-of-the-concussion-management-process-in-the-secondary-school-setting
#14
Cailee E Welch Bacon, Melissa C Kay, Tamara C Valovich McLeod
CONTEXT:   Athletic trainers (ATs) play a vital role in managing the care of student-athletes after a sport-related concussion, yet little is known about their specific involvement in the implementation of academic adjustments as part of the concussion-management plan. OBJECTIVE:   To explore ATs' perceived roles and responsibilities regarding the implementation of academic adjustments for concussed student-athletes. DESIGN:   Qualitative study...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795014/evaluation-and-management-of-lower-back-pain-in-young-athletes
#15
REVIEW
Dilip R Patel, Elizabeth Kinsella
Lower back pain in young athletes is a common problem. The prevalence of back pain from different causes in adolescent age group is between 20% and 30%. However, the incidence of low back pain in young athletes varies widely in different sports. Overuse injuries are the most common cause of low back pain in young athletes. In case of overuse injuries, the cause and effect relationship between back pain and specific condition is often difficult to establish. In adolescent athletes, the most common underlying identified cause of low back pain is lumbar spondylolysis...
July 2017: Translational pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795007/neurodevelopmental-readiness-of-children-for-participation-in-sports
#16
REVIEW
Dilip R Patel, Neelkamal Soares, Kimberly Wells
Many children participate in organized sports each year as a means of socialization, and physical skill building. Sports participation is dependent on physical growth, and neurodevelopmental readiness of the child. It is important to be aware of a child's level across the various streams of development and engage in specific strategies to optimize their ability at each age group. This article first outlines developmental skills across various age groups in childhood, and makes suggestions for such strategies...
July 2017: Translational pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795006/epidemiology-of-sports-related-musculoskeletal-injuries-in-young-athletes-in-united-states
#17
REVIEW
Dilip R Patel, Ai Yamasaki, Kelly Brown
Over the past several decades there has been increased participation in sports by children and adolescents at earlier ages in the United States, as well as more intense participation and specialization in sports at very early ages. This trend has also partly contributed to the patterns of injuries seen in young athletes, and especially in recent years, injuries previously seen in mature athletes are being seen in young athletes. Overall, the vast majority of sport-related musculoskeletal injuries in children and adolescents are due to repetitive overuse and acute macrotrauma is less frequently seen in young athletes...
July 2017: Translational pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795005/participation-in-sports-in-relation-to-adolescent-growth-and-development
#18
REVIEW
Kelly A Brown, Dilip R Patel, Daphne Darmawan
Puberty is defined by physical growth, development of secondary sexual characteristics, and maturation of psychosocial skills. The initiation and rate of progression of pubertal events varies among adolescents, but pubertal changes occur in a predictable stepwise manner. Factors including individual differences in physical and psychosocial development, stage of development based on age (early, middle, and late), and the rate of pubertal development, may all contribute to the way in which adolescents experience sports activities...
July 2017: Translational pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793130/time-trends-in-physical-activity-of-adult-users-of-the-brazilian-national-health-system-2010-2014-longitudinal-study
#19
Bruna Camilo Turi, Jamile Sanches Codogno, Rômulo Araújo Fernandes, Kyle Robinson Lynch, Eduardo Kokubun, Henrique Luiz Monteiro
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: In this longitudinal study, we aimed to describe time trends of physical activity (PA) in different domains from 2010 to 2014 among users of the Brazilian National Health System, taking into account the effects of sex, age and economic status (ES). DESIGN AND SETTING: Longitudinal study conducted in five primary care units in Bauru (SP), Brazil. METHODS: The sample was composed of 620 men and women who were interviewed in 2010, 2012 and 2014...
August 7, 2017: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792297/relative-age-effect-and-academic-timing-in-american-junior-college-baseball
#20
Thomas C Beals, Ovande Furtado, Fabio E Fontana
Previous research has shown that older athletes within age groupings are often perceived to be more talented simply due to advanced maturity, leading to biased selection in higher levels of sports competition, now commonly termed relative age effect (RAE). This study's goals were to determine whether (a) RAE influenced the selection of junior college baseball participants and (b) academic timing ( Glamser & Marciani, 1992 ), in which academic status determines age groupings more than strict age guidelines for college sports, influenced the formation of RAE...
January 1, 2017: Perceptual and Motor Skills
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