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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328705/novel-approach-to-treating-androgenetic-alopecia-in-females-with-photobiomodulation-low-level-laser-therapy
#1
Shelly Friedman, Patricia Schnoor
BACKGROUND: Photobiomodulation, also referred to as low-level laser therapy (LLLT), has been studied and used for (among other diseases) the promotion of hair regrowth. OBJECTIVE/MATERIALS AND METHODS/RESULTS: A clinical study was developed to define the physiologic effects that occur when the human hair follicle and surrounding tissue structures are exposed to laser light using a novel device that is fitted with an array of laser diode sources operating at 650 nm and placed inside a sports cap to promote discretion while in use...
March 21, 2017: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327371/longitudinal-changes-in-linguistic-complexity-among-professional-football-players
#2
Visar Berisha, Shuai Wang, Amy LaCross, Julie Liss, Pamela Garcia-Filion
Reductions in spoken language complexity have been associated with the onset of various neurological disorders. The objective of this study is to analyze whether similar trends are found in professional football players who are at risk for chronic traumatic encephalopathy. We compare changes in linguistic complexity (as indexed by the type-to-token ratio and lexical density) measured from the interview transcripts of players in the National Football League (NFL) to those measured from interview transcripts of coaches and/or front-office NFL executives who have never played professional football...
March 16, 2017: Brain and Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327163/injuries-in-male-and-female-semi-professional-football-soccer-players-in-nigeria-prospective-study-of-a-national-tournament
#3
Oluwatoyosi Babatunde Alex Owoeye, Ayoola Ibifubara Aiyegbusi, Oluwaseun Akinleye Fapojuwo, Oluwaseun Abdulganiyu Badru, Anike Rasheedat Babalola
BACKGROUND: Research on the epidemiology of football injuries in Africa is very sparse despite its importance for injury prevention planning in a continent with limited sports medicine resources. The vast majority of studies available in literature were conducted in Europe and only a very few studies have prospectively reported the pattern of football injury in Africa. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the incidence and pattern of injuries in a cohort of male and female semi-professional football players in Nigeria...
March 21, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326044/geographical-variations-in-the-interaction-of-relative-age-effects-in-youth-and-adult-elite-soccer
#4
Christina Steingröver, Nick Wattie, Joseph Baker, Werner F Helsen, Jörg Schorer
Selection biases based on the use of cut-off dates and the timing of athletes' birthdates have been termed relative age effects. These effects have been shown to differentially affect individuals involved in sport. For example, young male soccer players born early in their age group are overrepresented in elite teams while studies in adult soccer indicated potential carry-over effects from talent development systems. This two-study approach focuses on the processes within multi-year age groups in youth and adult elite soccer and on the role of players' age position within the age band with regard to players' birth year and birth month...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325568/prevalence-and-management-of-systemic-hypertension-in-athletes
#5
Stefano Caselli, Antonia Vaquer Sequì, Erika Lemme, Filippo Quattrini, Alberto Milan, Flavio D'Ascenzi, Antonio Spataro, Antonio Pelliccia
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the prevalence, determinants, and clinical management of systemic hypertension in a large cohort of competitive athletes: 2,040 consecutive athletes (aged 25 ± 6 years, 64% men) underwent clinical evaluation including blood test, electrocardiogram, exercise test, echocardiography, and ophthalmic evaluation. Sixty-five athletes (3%) were identified with hypertension (men = 57; 87%) including 5 with a secondary cause (thyroid dysfunction in 3, renal artery stenosis in 1, and drug induced in 1)...
March 1, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325273/length-of-time-between-surgery-and-return-to-sport-after-ulnar-collateral-ligament-reconstruction-in-major-league-baseball-pitchers-does-not-predict-need-for-revision-surgery
#6
Brandon J Erickson, Peter N Chalmers, Bernard R Bach, Joshua S Dines, Nikhil N Verma, Charles A Bush-Joseph, Steven B Cohen, Anthony A Romeo
HYPOTHESIS: Pitchers who return to sport (RTS) sooner will have a higher risk of revision ulnar collateral ligament reconstruction (UCLR) than those who return later. METHODS: All professional (major and minor league) baseball pitchers who underwent UCLR between 1974 and 2016 were identified. Date of the index UCLR was recorded. The date of the first game back at any professional level after surgery and the date the pitcher returned to the same level of play (if applicable) were recorded...
April 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325087/physical-activity-correlates-in-people-living-with-hiv-aids-a-systematic-review-of-45-studies
#7
Davy Vancampfort, James Mugisha, Justin Richards, Marc De Hert, Michel Probst, Brendon Stubbs
PURPOSE: Understanding barriers and facilitators of physical activity participation in persons living with HIV/AIDS is an essential first step in order to devise effective interventions. The present review provides a systematic quantitative review of the physical activity correlates in people with HIV/AIDS. METHODS: Major electronic databases were searched till August 2016. Keywords included "physical activity" or "exercise" or "sports" and "AIDS" or "HIV". RESULTS: Out of 55 correlates from 45 studies (N = 13,167; mean age range = 30...
March 22, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325082/-i-do-like-the-activities-which-i-can-do%C3%A2-leisure-participation-experiences-of-children-with-movement-impairments
#8
Parimala S Kanagasabai, Hilda Mulligan, Leigh A Hale, Brigit Mirfin-Veitch
AIM: To explore in depth the leisure participation experiences of children with movement impairments. METHODS: We used Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis approach to interpret and understand the experiences of 22 children with movement impairments, aged between 6 and 12 years. Children expressed their views through flexible child-centred methods of data collection that allowed the children to draw, paint, use stickers, and demonstrate their leisure activities and equipment while communicating about their experiences...
March 21, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324986/electrocardiographic-waveforms-fitness-check-device-technique-for-sudden-cardiac-death-risk-screening
#9
O J Escalona, M Mendoza
A novel cardiac health device technique development for reliable, non-invasive and cost-effective heart screening in preventive cardiovascular healthcare is presented. In particular, identification of apparently healthy individuals involved in sports activities (particularly in the young, age <; 35 years) who may be at-risk of sudden-cardiac-death (SCD) is mainly focused here. Nevertheless, the same device technique may be prospectively extended for detecting cardiovascular abnormalities in children and adolescents with type1-diabetes, and also in detecting patients with Brugada syndrome...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323705/etiology-of-adult-onset-stress-fracture-in-the-lumbar-spine
#10
Fumitake Tezuka, Koichi Sairyo, Toshinori Sakai, Akira Dezawa
STUDY DESIGN: This study was a case series. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this paper was to present a case series of fresh stress fractures (spondylolysis) in the lumbar spines of adult athletes. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Lumbar spondylolysis is a stress fracture of the pars interarticularis, which is generally considered a disease of children or adolescence. There is only 1 case series written in English reporting on adult-onset fresh spondylolysis...
April 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323136/self-reported-knee-pain-and-disability-among-healthy-individuals-reference-data-and-factors-associated-with-the-knee-injury-and-osteoarthritis-outcome-score-koos-and-koos-child
#11
Jennifer N Baldwin, Marnee J McKay, Claire E Hiller, Niamh Moloney, Elizabeth J Nightingale, Joshua Burns
OBJECTIVE: To develop normative reference data for the Knee injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS) and KOOS-Child, as well as investigate socio-demographic, psychological and physical factors associated with knee pain and disability among healthy adults. METHOD: The KOOS or KOOS-Child (each containing five subscales) was administered to participants aged 8-101 years within the 1000 Norms Project, an observational study of 1000 self-reported healthy individuals...
March 16, 2017: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321588/use-of-bioimpedianciometer-as-predictor-of-mountain-marathon-performance
#12
Vicente Javier Clemente-Suarez, Pantelis Theodoros Nikolaidis
This study aimed to examine the relation among body composition, training experience and race time during a mountain marathon. Body composition and training pre-race experience analyses were conducted previous to a mountain marathon in 52 male athletes. A significant correlation between race time and mountain marathon with chronological age, body fat mass, percentage of body fat (BF), level of abdominal obesity, sport experience and daily training volume was revealed. In addition, BF and athlete's chronological age were negatively associated with race performance...
May 2017: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320567/gender-differences-in-concussion-and-postinjury-cognitive-findings-in-an-older-and-younger-pediatric-population
#13
Sarah Tanveer, Nassim Zecavati, Elizabeth Bronson Delasobera, Temitayo Oyefunmike Oyegbile
BACKGROUND: Studies have documented gender differences associated with concussion. The purpose of this study was to determine if these gender differences are also noted within a pediatric population. METHODS: This prospective study analyzed 1971 patients who had completed preconcussion and postconcussion neuropsychological testing within the Washington, DC, area. RESULTS: Our results showed that children and adolescents with concussion exhibit gender differences with respect to risk factors, recovery, and symptomatology...
February 9, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319679/evaluation-of-body-composition-with-bioimpedence-a-comparison-between-athletic-and-non-athletic-children
#14
Domenico Meleleo, Nicola Bartolomeo, Liliana Cassano, Alessandro Nitti, Giovanna Susca, Giuseppina Mastrototaro, Umberto Armenise, Annapaola Zito, Fiorella Devito, Pietro Scicchitano, Marco Matteo Ciccone
PURPOSE: Conventional Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis (BIA) or Bioelectrical Impedance Vector Analysis (BIVA) can provide direct evaluations of body composition. The purpose of this study was to evaluate lean and fat mass (FM), and hydration of children involved in daily competitive sports. METHODS: 190 non-athletic [8.2-10.5 years] and 29 competitive children [8.0-10.5 years] were enrolled. They were evaluated: at baseline (t0), 6 months (t1) and one year (t2)...
March 20, 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319426/high-satisfaction-and-return-to-sports-after-total-shoulder-arthroplasty-in-patients-aged-55-years-and-younger
#15
Grant H Garcia, Joseph N Liu, Alec Sinatro, Hao-Hua Wu, Joshua S Dines, Russell F Warren, David M Dines, Lawrence V Gulotta
BACKGROUND: Young, active candidates for total shoulder arthroplasty (TSA) are a unique group of patients. Not only do they demand longevity and improved function, but they also desire a return to physical activities. PURPOSE: To determine the rate of return to sports in patients aged ≤55 years undergoing TSA. STUDY DESIGN: Case series; Level of evidence, 4. METHODS: This was a retrospective review of consecutive patients who underwent anatomic TSA at a single institution...
March 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318658/sudden-death-in-athletes
#16
Domenico Corrado, Alessandro Zorzi
Competitive sports activity is associated with an increased risk of sudden cardiovascular death (SCD) in adolescents and young adults with clinically silent cardiovascular disorders. While in middle-aged/senior athletes atherosclerotic coronary artery disease accounts for the vast majority of SCDs, in young athletes the spectrum of substrates is wider and includes inherited (cardiomyopathies) and congenital (anomalous origin of coronary arteries) structural heart diseases. Inherited ion channel diseases have been implicated in SCDs occurring with an apparently normal heart at autopsy...
March 10, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318306/physical-education-and-sport
#17
Paul D Loprinzi, Bradley J Cardinal, Marita K Cardinal, Charles B Corbin
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the associations between physical education (PE) and sports involvement with physical activity (PA), physical fitness, and beliefs about PA among a national sample of adolescents. SETTING: Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey National Youth Fitness Survey were used. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 459 adolescents aged 12 to 15 years. MEASURES: Adolescents self-reported engagement in the above parameters; muscular fitness objectively determined...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316257/acute-kinematic-and-kinetic-adaptations-to-wearable-resistance-during-vertical-jumping
#18
Paul Macadam, Kim D Simperingham, John B Cronin, Grace Couture, Chloe Evison
One variation of vertical jump (VJ) training is resisted or weighted jump training, where wearable resistance (WR) enables jumping to be overloaded in a movement specific manner. A two-way analysis of variance with Bonferroni post hoc contrasts was used to determine the acute changes in VJ performance with differing load magnitudes and load placements. Kinematic and kinetic data were quantified using a force plate and contact mat. Twenty sport active subjects (age: 27.8 ± 3.8 years; body mass (BM): 70...
March 19, 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314090/prevalence-age-at-onset-and-risk-factors-of-self-reported-asthma-among-swedish-adolescent-elite-cross-country-skiers
#19
L M Eriksson, T Irewall, Anne Lindberg, Nikolai Stenfors
The objective of the study was to compare the prevalence of self-reported physician-diagnosed asthma and age at asthma onset between Swedish adolescent elite skiers and a reference group and to assess risk factors associated with asthma. Postal questionnaires were sent to 253 pupils at the Swedish National Elite Sport Schools for cross-country skiing, biathlon, and ski-orienteering ("skiers") and a random sample of 500 adolescents aged 16-20, matched for sport school municipalities ("reference"). The response rate was 96% among the skiers and 48% in the reference group...
March 17, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306678/the-complex-phenotype-of-the-athlete-s-heart-implications-for-preparticipation-screening
#20
Benjamin Brown, John Somauroo, Daniel J Green, Mathew Wilson, Jonathan Drezner, Keith George, David Oxborough
Preparticipation screening is vital to exclude inherited cardiac conditions that have the potential to cause sudden cardiac death in seemingly healthy athletes. Recent research has questioned traditional theories of load-induced, dichotomous cardiac adaptation. We therefore considered whether a one-size-fits-all approach to screening can account for interindividual differences brought about by sporting discipline, training volume, ethnicity, body size, sex, and age.
April 2017: Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews
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