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Magnesium AND supplement

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028072/vitamin-d-in-human-reproduction-the-more-the-better-an-evidence-based-critical-appraisal
#1
A S Laganà, S G Vitale, H Ban Frangež, E Vrtačnik-Bokal, R D'Anna
OBJECTIVE: Vitamin D is a fat-soluble secosteroid hormone that regulates calcium, magnesium, and phosphate homeostasis and plays a pivotal role as antiproliferative and immunomodulatory mediator. Considering the different sources of synthesis and dietary intake as well as the pleiotropic actions in extremely diverse (micro)environments of the body, the supplementation of this Vitamin should be carefully evaluated taking into account the several pathways that it regulates. In the current brief review, we aimed to summarize the available evidence about the topic, in order to suggest the best evidence-based supplementation strategy for human reproduction, avoiding the unuseful (and sometimes hazardous) empiric supplementation...
September 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026589/a-retrospective-analysis-of-biochemical-and-haematological-parameters-in-patients-with-eating-disorders
#2
Leanne J Barron, Robert F Barron, Jeremy C S Johnson, Ingrid Wagner, Cameron J B Ward, Shannon R B Ward, Faye M Barron, Warren K Ward
BACKGROUND: The objective of the study was to determine whether levels of biochemical and haematological parameters in patients with eating disorders (EDs) varied from the general population. Whilst dietary restrictions can lead to nutritional deficiencies, specific abnormalities may be relevant to the diagnosis, pathogenesis and treatment of EDs. METHODS: With ethics approval and informed consent, a retrospective chart audit was conducted of 113 patients with EDs at a general practice in Brisbane, Australia...
2017: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026423/comprehensive-maternal-characteristics-associated-with-birth-weight-bayesian-modeling-in-a-prospective-cohort-study-from-iran
#3
Marjan Mansourian, Raziyeh Mohammadi, Hamid Reza Marateb, Akram Yazdani, Masoomeh Goodarzi-Khoigani, Sajedeh Molavi
BACKGROUND: In this study, we aimed to determine comprehensive maternal characteristics associated with birth weight using Bayesian modeling. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 526 participants were included in this prospective study. Nutritional status, supplement consumption during the pregnancy, demographic and socioeconomic characteristics, anthropometric measures, physical activity, and pregnancy outcomes were considered as effective variables on the birth weight...
2017: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993757/painful-and-prolonged-muscle-cramps-following-insulin-injections-in-a-patient-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-revisiting-the-1992-duke-case
#4
Rami A Ballout, Asma Arabi
A 56-year-old middle-eastern male with a long-standing history of poorly controlled type 2 diabetes mellitus presented to us complaining of severely painful bilateral upper and lower extremity cramps occurring shortly after his rapid-acting insulin analog injection(s). The cramps had started 6 months ago and have been occurring intermittently in non-predictable episodes since then. He had otherwise never experienced any insulin-related adverse reaction(s) before. His cramps are very painful and debilitating, interfering with his daily activities and placing him in a state of constant fear/anxiety of re-experiencing them...
2017: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987361/comparative-effect-of-horse-gram-and-black-gram-on-inflammatory-mediators-and-antioxidant-status
#5
Vrinda Rajagopal, Chithra K Pushpan, Helen Antony
A balanced diet is important for the overall wellbeing of an individual. Pulses are an important part of a nutritive diet. Pulses have been consumed for at least 10,000 years and are among the most extensively used foods in the world. They are a rich source of protein and fiber, as well as a significant source of vitamins and minerals, such as iron, zinc, and magnesium. The purpose of this study was to compare the effect of two pulses, horse gram and black gram, on inflammatory mediators and the antioxidant enzymes...
October 2017: Journal of Food and Drug Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927478/molecular-hydrogen-generated-by-elemental-magnesium-supplementation-alters-rumen-fermentation-and-microbiota-in-goats
#6
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Min Wang, Rong Wang, XiuMin Zhang, Emilio M Ungerfeld, Donglei Long, HongXiang Mao, JinZhen Jiao, Karen A Beauchemin, Zhiliang Tan
We tested the hypotheses that supplementation of a diet with elemental Mg increases ruminal dissolved H2 (dH2) in rumen fluid, which in turn alters rumen fermentation and microbial community in goats. In a randomised block design, twenty growing goats were allocated to two treatments fed the same basal diet with 1·45 % Mg(OH)2 or 0·6 % elemental Mg. After 28 d of adaptation, we collected total faeces to measure total tract digestibility, rumen contents to analyse fermentation end products and microbial groups, and measured methane (CH4) emission using respiration chambers...
September 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927245/calcium-homeostasis-in-diabetes-mellitus
#7
REVIEW
Changhwan Ahn, Ji-Houn Kang, Eui-Bae Jeung
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is becoming a lifestyle-related pandemic disease. Diabetic patients frequently develop electrolyte disorders, especially diabetic ketoacidosis or nonketotic hyperglycemic hyperosmolar syndrome. Such patients show characteristic potassium, magnesium, phosphate, and calcium depletion. In this review, we discuss a homeostatic mechanism that links calcium and DM. We also provide a synthesis of the evidence in favor or against this linking mechanism by presenting recent clinical indications, mainly from veterinary research...
September 30, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915968/magnesium-to-counteract-elastin-degradation-and-vascular-calcification-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#8
Rob Janssen
Accelerated elastin degradation is an important pathogenic mechanism in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) leading to irreversible lung function loss and cardiovascular comorbidities. The rate of elastin breakdown is a predictor of mortality in patients with COPD. Decelerating elastinolysis might be an attractive therapeutic target in this debilitating condition. Vascular calcification starts in the elastin network of the arterial wall and is enhanced in patients with COPD. Elastin calcification is accompanied by an upregulation of matrix metalloproteinase gene expression and consequently a shift in the elastase/anti-elastase balance towards degradation...
September 2017: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904937/effect-of-magnesium-supplement-on-pregnancy-outcomes-a-randomized-control-trial
#9
Elaheh Zarean, Amal Tarjan
BACKGROUND: Magnesium (Mg) is an essential mineral required to regulate body temperature, nucleic acid, and protein synthesis with an important role in maintaining nerve and muscle cell electrical potentials. It may reduce fetal growth restriction and preeclampsia as well as increase birth weight. This study aimed to assess the effects of consuming Mg supplementation during pregnancy on pregnancy outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a randomized controlled trial with three sixty populated groups of pregnant women...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894587/comparison-of-claims-data-on-hospitalization-rates-and-repeat-procedures-in-patients-receiving-a-bowel-preparation-prior-to-colonoscopy
#10
Lisa E Young, Naomi C Sacks, Philip L Cyr, Abhishek Sharma, David N Dahdal
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate outcomes of colorectal screening using sodium picosulfate and magnesium citrate compared with other prescription bowel-preparation agents. Primary endpoints were rates of procedure-associated hospitalizations, diagnosis at hospitalization, and rates of early repeat screenings. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study identified patients using the Truven Health Analytics MarketScan databases, which contain fully adjudicated, de-identified, medical- and prescription-drug claims, as well as demographic and enrollment information for individuals with commercial, Medicaid, and Medicare supplemental insurance coverage...
2017: SAGE Open Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890762/nutrient-contents-of-the-freshwater-crab-isolapotamon-bauense-from-sarawak-malaysia-borneo
#11
Jongkar Grinang, Pang Sing Tyan, Andrew Alek Tuen, Indraneil Das
Data on nutrient contents of freshwater crabs are important for ecological studies and species conservation assessments, especially when the species concerned is threatened among others by habitat destruction and uncontrolled resources utilisation. Indeed comprehensive biological information is required to reconcile the needs between sustainable resources utilisation and conservation of the species. This study documents the nutrient contents of a freshwater crab, Isolapotamon bauense which is listed as 'Vulnerable' in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species and also being harvested by local community for dietary supplement...
July 2017: Tropical Life Sciences Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888463/brazil-nuts-nutritional-composition-health-benefits-and-safety-aspects
#12
REVIEW
Bárbara R Cardoso, Graziela B Silva Duarte, Bruna Z Reis, Silvia M F Cozzolino
Brazil nuts are among the richest selenium food sources, and studies have considered this Amazonian nut as an alternative for selenium supplementation. Besides selenium, Brazil nuts present relevant content of other micronutrients such as magnesium, copper, and zinc. The nutritional composition of nuts, also characterized by adequate fatty acid profile and high content of protein and bioactive compounds, has many health benefits. In the present review, we examine the nutritional composition of Brazil nuts, comparing it with other nuts, and describe the relevance of possible contaminants and metal toxicants observed in this nut for human health...
October 2017: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871398/effect-of-pulsed-electric-fields-pef-on-accumulation-of-magnesium-in-lactobacillus-rhamnosus-b-442-cells
#13
Małgorzata Góral, Urszula Pankiewicz
The aim of this study was to determine the effect of pulsed electric fields (PEF) on accumulation of magnesium ions in Lactobacillus rhamnosus B 442 cells. Under optimized conditions, this is, on 15 min exposure of the 20 h grown culture to PEF of the 2.0 kV/cm and 20 µs pulse width at concentration 400 μg Mg(2+)/mL medium, accumulation of magnesium in the biomass reached maximum 4.28 mg/g d.m. Optimization of PEF parameters caused an increase of magnesium concentration in the cells by 220% in comparison to the control not treated with PEF...
September 4, 2017: Journal of Membrane Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870047/-expert-consensus-for-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-patients-with-gitelman-syndrome
#14
(no author information available yet)
Gitelman syndrome (GS) is an autosomal recessive, salt-losing tubulopathy caused by inactivating mutations in the SLC12A3 gene that encodes the thiazide-sensitive sodium-chloride cotransporter (NCC). GS is characterized by hypokalemic metabolic alkalosis, hypomagnesemia and hypocalciuria. GS is one of the most common inherited renal tubulopathy with a prevalence estimated at about one to ten per 40 000 people. The prevalence of GS is even higher in Asia than other countries. The majority of GS patients present mild and nonspecific symptoms during adolescence or adulthood...
September 1, 2017: Zhonghua Nei Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869893/antioxidant-and-glucose-metabolizing-potential-of-edible-insect-brachytrupes-orientalis-via-modulating-nrf2-ampk-glut4-signaling-pathway
#15
Prachurjya Dutta, Tapan Dey, Anjum Dihingia, Prasenjit Manna, Jatin Kalita
Brachytrupes orientalis (Gryllidae) is a common edible insect species eaten by the different tribes of North East India. This study investigated the potentiality of Brachytrupes orientalis extracts in different solvent hydro-alcoholic (AEBO), hexane (HEBO) and ethyl acetate (EEBO) on glucose utilization and cell viability in high glucose (HG) treated myotubes. It has been observed that AEBO supplementation significantly increased the glucose utilization against HG exposure; however, treatment HEBO and EEBO have no significant effect...
September 1, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869207/effect-of-magnesium-on-the-osteogenesis-of-normal-human-osteoblasts
#16
Wei-Chen Lu, Ekaterini Pringa, Laisheng Chou
Biomaterials containing magnesium are used for implants and bone regeneration. However, mechanisms underlying the biologic effects of magnesium are still largely unknown and have not been examined on normal human osteoblasts. This study was designed to test the effect of supplemented Mg(2+) concentrations between 0.5 mM and 16 mM on the osteogenic behaviors of normal human primary osteoblasts. Human primary osteoblasts were cultured in the groups with various concentrations of supplemented magnesium for various time intervals...
May 1, 2017: Magnesium Research: Official Organ of the International Society for the Development of Research on Magnesium
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857573/achieving-high-strength-and-ductility-in-magnesium-alloys-via-densely-hierarchical-double-contraction-nanotwins
#17
Hui Fu, Bincheng Ge, Yunchang Xin, Ruizhi Wu, Carlos Fernandez, Jianyu Huang, Qiuming Peng
Light-weight magnesium alloys with high strength are especially desirable for the applications in transportation, aerospace, electronic components, and implants owing to their high stiffness, abundant raw materials, and environmental friendliness. Unfortunately, conventional strengthening methods mainly involve the formation of internal defects, in which particles and grain boundaries prohibit dislocation motion as well as compromise ductility invariably. Herein, we report a novel strategy for simultaneously achieving high specific yield strength (∼160 kN m kg(-1)) and good elongation (∼23...
October 11, 2017: Nano Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854909/a-combination-of-coenzyme-q10-feverfew-and-magnesium-for-migraine-prophylaxis-a-prospective-observational-study
#18
Angèle Guilbot, Marie Bangratz, Samira Ait Abdellah, Christian Lucas
BACKGROUND: Feverfew (Tanacetum parthenium L.), magnesium and coenzyme Q10 are frequently used for migraine prophylaxis. Supplementation with a fixed combination of these three agents (Antemig®, PiLeJe) was investigated in an observational study. METHODS: Adult patients suffering from migraine according to the criteria of the International Headache Society were enrolled by general practitioners (≥2 migraine attacks during previous month; exclusion of chronic migraine and medication overuse) and after a one-month baseline phase, supplemented with one tablet of 100 mg feverfew, 100 mg coenzyme Q10 and 112...
August 30, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846654/can-magnesium-enhance-exercise-performance
#19
REVIEW
Yijia Zhang, Pengcheng Xun, Ru Wang, Lijuan Mao, Ka He
Magnesium (Mg) is an essential mineral that plays a critical role in the human body. It takes part in the process of energy metabolism and assists the maintenance of normal muscle function. A number of studies evaluated the association between Mg status/supplementation and exercise performance and found that the need for Mg increased as individuals' physical activity level went up. Animal studies indicated that Mg might improve exercise performance via enhancing glucose availability in the brain, muscle and blood; and reducing/delaying lactate accumulation in the muscle...
August 28, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835974/-hypercalcemic-crisis-and-hypocalcemic-tetany
#20
REVIEW
C Kasperk
A serum calcium level >3.5 mmol/l together with clinical symptoms such as muscle weakness, fatigue, nausea, vomiting, pancreatitis or even coma are characteristic for a hypercalcemic crisis (HC). Primary hyperparathyroidism (1HPT) and malignancy-associated hypercalcemia are the most frequent causal diseases for a HC. The analysis of serum levels for calcium, phosphorous, intact parathyroid hormone, electrophoresis and renal function parameters indicate which further radiological, scintigraphic or serum diagnostic steps are adequate to identify the cause of the patient's acute situation (i...
August 23, 2017: Der Internist
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