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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909236/sexual-risk-behaviors-of-african-american-adolescent-females-the-role-of-cognitive-and-religious-factors
#1
Safiya George Dalmida, Natasha Aduloju-Ajijola, Dora Clayton-Jones, Tami L Thomas, Ricardo J Erazo Toscano, Rashunda Lewis, Terri Fleming, Shirley Taylor, Macie Lunyong
INTRODUCTION: African American (AA) high school-age girls are more likely to have had sex before age 13 years and have higher rates of all sexually transmitted infections. Cognition and religion/spirituality are associated with adolescent sexuality, therefore, the purpose of this study was to identify cognitive and religious substrates of AA girls' risky sexual behaviors. METHOD: A descriptive study was conducted with 65 AA girls aged 15 to 20 years using computerized questionnaires and cognitive function tasks...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Transcultural Nursing: Official Journal of the Transcultural Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903105/dsm-5-%C3%A2-pocket-guide-for-child-and-adolescent-mental-healthby-robert-j-hilt-m-d-f-a-a-p-and-abraham-m-nussbaum-m-d-f-a-p-a-washington-d-c-american-psychiatric-association-publishing-2016-355-pp-65-00-paperback
#2
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896905/testing-bidirectional-associations-among-emotion-regulation-strategies-and-substance-use-a-daily-diary-study
#3
Nicole H Weiss, Krysten W Bold, Tami P Sullivan, Stephen Armeli, Howard Tennen
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Alcohol and marijuana are widely used among college students. Emotion regulation strategies have been linked to alcohol and marijuana use but little attention has been devoted to modeling the directionality of these associations. Aims of the current study were to test whether (a) daytime use of emotion regulation strategies influences the likelihood of evening substance use and (b) evening substance use influences the likelihood of next-day use of emotion regulation strategies...
November 29, 2016: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892884/%C3%AE-blocker-dosage-and-outcomes-after-acute-coronary-syndrome
#4
Jason E Allen, Stacey Knight, Raymond O McCubrey, Tami Bair, Joseph Brent Muhlestein, Jeffrey J Goldberger, Jeffrey L Anderson
BACKGROUND: Although β-blockers increase survival in acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients, the doses used in trials were higher than doses used in practice, and recent data do not support an advantage of higher doses. We hypothesized that rates of major adverse cardiac events (MACE), all-cause death, myocardial infarction, and stroke are equivalent for patients on low-dose and high-dose β-blocker. METHODS: Patients admitted to Intermountain Healthcare with ACS and diagnosed with ≥70% coronary stenosis between 1994 and 2013 were studied (N = 7,834)...
October 22, 2016: American Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885759/transanal-minimally-invasive-rectal-resection-for-deep-endometriosis-a-promising-technique
#5
Stijn L Vlek, Marit C I Lier, Thomas W A Koedam, Ingeborg Melgers, Judith J M L Dekker, Jaap H Bonjer, Velja Mijatovic, Jurriaan B Tuynman
AIM: Surgical management of patients with deep endometriosis (DE) of the rectum is difficult. Inflammation and subsequent adhesions due to DE impede access to the lower pelvis and may lead to complications during laparoscopic low anterior resection (LAR). Transanal minimally invasive surgery (TAMIS) is an alternative to an abdominal approach with potential advantages. The aim of this study was to provide a description of the TAMIS technique and to present the perioperative results of TAMIS and of conventional LAR in patients with DE...
November 25, 2016: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883198/reflections-on-a-community-psychology-setting-and-the-future-of-the-field
#6
Joy S Kaufman, Christian M Connell, Cindy A Crusto, Derrick M Gordon, Carolyn E Sartor, Patricia Simon, Michael J Strambler, Tami P Sullivan, Nadia L Ward, Nicole Holland Weiss, Jacob Kraemer Tebes
The 50th anniversary of the Swampscott Conference offers an opportunity to reflect on a community psychology setting, The Consultation Center at Yale, that was formed in response to the 1963 Community Mental Health Act and the 1965 Swampscott Conference. The Center has flourished as a community psychology setting for practice, research, and training for 39 of the 50 years since Swampscott. Its creation and existence over this period offers an opportunity for reflection on the types of settings needed to sustain the field into the future...
November 24, 2016: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880804/dietary-intake-and-eating-behaviours-of-obese-new-zealand-children-and-adolescents-enrolled-in-a-community-based-intervention-programme
#7
Yvonne C Anderson, Lisa E Wynter, Michelle S Butler, Cameron C Grant, Joanna M Stewart, Tami L Cave, Cervantée E K Wild, José G B Derraik, Wayne S Cutfield, Paul L Hofman
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to describe dietary intake and eating behaviours of obese children and adolescents, and also to determine how these differ in Indigenous versus non-Indigenous children at enrolment in an obesity programme. METHODS: Baseline dietary intake and eating behaviour records were assessed from those enrolled in a clinical unblinded randomised controlled trial of a multi-disciplinary intervention. The setting was a community-based obesity programme in Taranaki, New Zealand...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864829/pediatric-case-of-anaplastic-lymphoma-kinase-positive-anaplastic-large-cell-lymphoma-forming-a-solitary-skin-tumor-on-the-forearm
#8
Michio Tokuyama, Yuta Kurashige, Tami Ota, Yasuaki Manabe, Hanako Yamaoka, Norihiro Ikoma, Akiko Fukumura, Michie Miyashita, Keisuke Otsubo, Tsuyoshi Morimoto, Hiroyuki Mochizuki, Natsuko Nakano, Naoya Nakamura, Akira Ozawa, Tomotaka Mabuchi
A 5-year-old girl noticed a rapidly growing reddish nodule on her right forearm. Although oral antibiotics had been administrated for 2 weeks, the tumor enlarged. Skin biopsy revealed excessive infiltration of atypical neoplastic cells expressing CD4, CD30 and anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK). These histological and immunohistochemical findings were consistent with anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL). Computed tomography showed multiple lymphadenopathy, but lymph node biopsy and bone marrow examination did not show any evidence of systemic dissemination...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864237/effect-of-selected-clinical-trial-publication-on-adjunctive-nonstatin-medication-prescribing-in-the-veterans-health-administration-system
#9
Krystal S Titus-Rains, Matthew A Cantrell, Jason A Egge, Bruce Alexander, Robert F Shaw, Tami R Argo
PURPOSE: The question of whether publication of selected clinical trials is temporally followed by changes in prescribing of adjunctive lipid-lowering medications was evaluated. METHODS: In this retrospective preanalysis and postanalysis, Veterans Health Administration (VHA) patients 18 years or older who received a new or renewed order for any lipid-lowering medication between April 2, 2004, and September 2, 2014, were included. This period was chosen based on the publication dates of three trials investigating the efficacy of nonstatin medications: Simvastatin with or without Ezetimibe in Familial Hypercholesterolemia (ENHANCE, April 3, 2008), Effects of Combination Lipid Therapy in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (ACCORD Lipid, March 14, 2010), and Niacin in Patients with Low HDL Cholesterol Levels Receiving Intensive Statin Therapy (AIM-HIGH, December 15, 2011)...
December 1, 2016: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863867/prenatal-di-2-ethylhexyl-phthalate-exposure-and-cord-blood-adipokine-levels-and-birth-size-the-hokkaido-study-on-environment-and-children-s-health
#10
Machiko Minatoya, Atsuko Araki, Chihiro Miyashita, Seiko Sasaki, Yuko Goto, Tamie Nakajima, Reiko Kishi
Di-2-ethylhexyl phthalate (DEHP) is one of the most widely used phthalates. Metabolites of DEHP are detectable in majority of the population. Findings on adverse health outcomes, particularly birth weight in association with prenatal exposure to DEHP remain equivocal. Besides, there is insufficient evidence to address influence on metabolic function from epidemiological studies. Thus, our objective was to investigate cord blood adipokine levels and birth size in association with prenatal DEHP exposure in prospective birth cohort study...
November 15, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863204/tnf-and-il-18-cytokines-may-regulate-liver-fat-storage-under-homeostasis-conditions
#11
Jaqueline Pereira Lana, Laís Bhering Martins, Marina Chaves de Oliveira, Zélia Menezes-Garcia, Letícia Tamie Pavia Yamada, Leda Quercia Vieira, Mauro Martins Teixeira, Adaliene Versiani Matos Ferreira
The inflammation induced by obesogenic diets is associated with deposition of fat in the liver. On the other hand, anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressive therapies may impact in body fat storage and in liver lipid dynamics. It is important to study specific inflammatory mediators in this context, since their role on hepatic damage is not fully clarified. This study aimed to evaluate the role of interleukin (IL)-18 and tumor necrosis factor (TNF) receptor in liver dysfunction induced by diet. Male C57BL/6 wild-type (WT), IL-18, and TNF receptor 1 knockout mice (IL-18(-/-) and TNFR1(-/-)) were divided according to the experimental diets: chow diet or a high-refined carbohydrate-containing diet...
December 2016: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862758/efficient-transfection-of-sirna-by-peptide-dendrimer-lipid-conjugates
#12
Albert Kwok, Gabriela A Eggimann, Marc Heitz, Jean-Louis Reymond, Florian Hollfelder, Tamis Darbre
Efficient delivery of small interfering RNA (siRNA) into cells is the basis of target-gene-specific silencing and, ultimately, gene therapy. However, current transfection reagents are relatively inefficient, and very few studies provide the sort of systematic understanding based on structure-activity relationships that would provide rationales for their improvement. This work established peptide dendrimers (administered with cationic lipids) as siRNA transfection reagents and recorded structure-activity relationships that highlighted the importance of positive charge distribution in the two outer layers and a hydrophobic core as key features for efficient performance...
November 9, 2016: Chembiochem: a European Journal of Chemical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861824/lactation-support-services-and-breastfeeding-initiation-evidence-from-the-affordable-care-act
#13
Kandice A Kapinos, Lindsey Bullinger, Tami Gurley-Calvez
OBJECTIVE: Despite substantial evidence of the benefits of breastfeeding for both mothers and children, rates of sustained breastfeeding in the United States are quite low. This study examined whether mandated coverage of lactation support services under the Affordable Care Act (ACA) affects breastfeeding behavior. DATA SOURCE: We studied the census of U.S. births included in the National Vital Statistics System from 2009 to 2014. STUDY DESIGN: We used regression-adjusted difference-in-differences (DD) to examine changes in breastfeeding rates for privately insured mothers relative to those covered by Medicaid...
November 10, 2016: Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27851909/systemic-cisplatin-exposure-during-infancy-and-adolescence-causes-impaired-cognitive-function-in-adulthood
#14
Tami John, Naomi Lomeli, Daniela A Bota
Cancer survivors diagnosed during infancy and adolescence may be at risk for chemotherapy-related cognitive impairments (CRCI), however the effects of pediatric chemotherapy treatment on adulthood cognitive function are not well understood. Impairments in memory, attention and executive function affect 15-50% of childhood leukemia survivors related to methotrexate exposure. Systemic cisplatin is used to treat a variety of childhood and adult cancers, yet the risk and extent of cognitive impairment due to platinum-based chemotherapy in pediatric patients is unknown...
November 13, 2016: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824561/investigation-of-crossbeam-multi-receiver-configurations-for-accurate-3-d-vector-doppler-velocity-estimation
#15
Bushra Hussain, Billy Y S Yiu, Alfred C H Yu, James C Lacefield, Tamie L Poepping
An accurate estimation of low blood velocities whose Doppler shifts span the wall filter cutoff, such as near the wall in recirculation or disturbed flow regions, is important for accurate mapping of velocities to achieve improved estimations of wall shear stress and turbulence, which are known risk factors for atherosclerosis and stroke. This paper presents the comparative benefit of increasing the number of receiver beams above three for an improved estimation of low 3-D velocities. The 3-D crossbeam vector Doppler ultrasound configurations were studied in terms of the number of receiver beams, interbeam angle, and beam selection method (criterion for discriminating between tissue and blood Doppler signals) for a range of velocity orientations, which may prove useful in the design of a future 2-D array for vascular imaging...
November 2016: IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810138/transanal-endoscopic-microsurgery-and-transanal-minimally-invasive-surgery-is-one-technique-superior
#16
Alyson A Melin, Sudhir Kalaskar, Lindsay Taylor, Jon S Thompson, Charles Ternent, Sean J Langenfeld
BACKGROUND: Transanal endoscopic microsurgery (TEM) and transanal minimally invasive surgery (TAMIS) have been shown to improve the quality of transanal resections, allowing for improved visibility and access to the proximal rectum. This study compares the short-term outcomes between TEM and TAMIS among experienced colorectal surgeons. METHOD: A retrospective review was conducted for TEM and TAMIS performed from 2012 to 2015 by local colorectal surgeons. Baseline patient demographics, operative variables, pathology results, and short-term outcomes were assessed...
September 28, 2016: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802325/selective-estrogen-receptor-modulators-suppress-hif1%C3%AE-protein-accumulation-in-mouse-osteoclasts
#17
Mayu Morita, Yuiko Sato, Ryotaro Iwasaki, Tami Kobayashi, Ryuichi Watanabe, Takatsugu Oike, Kana Miyamoto, Yoshiaki Toyama, Morio Matsumoto, Masaya Nakamura, Hiromasa Kawana, Taneaki Nakagawa, Takeshi Miyamoto
Anti-bone resorptive drugs such as bisphosphonates, the anti-RANKL antibody (denosumab), or selective estrogen receptor modulators (SERMs) have been developed to treat osteoporosis. Mechanisms underlying activity of bisphosphonates or denosumab in this context are understood, while it is less clear how SERMs like tamoxifen, raloxifene, or bazedoxifene inhibit bone resorption. Recently, accumulation of hypoxia inducible factor 1 alpha (Hif1α) in osteoclasts was shown to be suppressed by estrogen in normal cells...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799917/teachers-beliefs-and-practices-regarding-the-role-of-executive-functions-in-reading-and-arithmetic
#18
Shirley Rapoport, Orly Rubinsten, Tami Katzir
The current study investigated early elementary school teachers' beliefs and practices regarding the role of Executive Functions (EFs) in reading and arithmetic. A new research questionnaire was developed and judged by professionals in the academia and the field. Reponses were obtained from 144 teachers from Israel. Factor analysis divided the questionnaire into three valid and reliable subscales, reflecting (1) beliefs regarding the contribution of EFs to reading and arithmetic, (2) pedagogical practices, and (3) a connection between the cognitive mechanisms of reading and arithmetic...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798613/genomic-diversity-in-autopsy-samples-reveals-within-host-dissemination-of-hiv-associated-mycobacterium-tuberculosis
#19
Tami D Lieberman, Douglas Wilson, Reshma Misra, Lealia L Xiong, Prashini Moodley, Ted Cohen, Roy Kishony
Mycobacterium tuberculosis remains a leading cause of death worldwide, especially among individuals infected with HIV. Whereas phylogenetic analysis has revealed M. tuberculosis spread throughout history and in local outbreaks, much less is understood about its dissemination within the body. Here we report genomic analysis of 2,693 samples collected post mortem from lung and extrapulmonary biopsies of 44 subjects in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, who received minimal antitubercular treatment and most of whom were HIV seropositive...
October 31, 2016: Nature Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796067/oral-swirl-os-samples-a-robust-source-of-microrna-protected-by-extracellular-vesicles
#20
Tami Yap, Laura Vella, Christine Seers, Alf Nastri, Eric Reynolds, Nicola Cirillo, Michael McCullough
: MicroRNAs are small non-coding RNAs which are dysregulated in disease states, such as oral cancer. Extracellular vesicles, a potential source of microRNA, are found in saliva. OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate that a quantifiable amount of microRNA can be isolated from oral swirl samples. Additionally, we hypothesized that extracellular vesicles may protect contained microRNA from degradation in these samples. METHOD: A polyethylene glycol based precipitation was used for extracellular vesicle enrichment of oral swirl samples...
October 31, 2016: Oral Diseases
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