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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548888/an-interdisciplinary-intervention-for-fear-of-falling-lessons-learned-from-two-case-studies
#1
James B Robinson, Julie Loebach Wetherell
This article describes two case studies using an interdisciplinary intervention for homebound older adults who experience fear of falling, resulting in debility and isolation. The patients discussed received separate home visits from a physical therapist (two and four visits) and psychologist (six and eight visits) and intervention components included an initial assessment of physical ability, prescription of home exercise program, exposure therapy, and cognitive restructuring. Both patients reported satisfaction with the fear of falling intervention and showed improved ability to walk, both in distance and in requiring less assistance...
May 12, 2017: Clinical Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545506/development-and-evaluation-of-two-web-based-interventions-for-the-promotion-of-physical-activity-in-older-adults-study-protocol-for-a-community-based-controlled-intervention-trial
#2
Saskia Muellmann, Inna Bragina, Claudia Voelcker-Rehage, Eric Rost, Sonia Lippke, Jochen Meyer, Jochen Schnauber, Merlin Wasmann, Merle Toborg, Frauke Koppelin, Tilman Brand, Hajo Zeeb, Claudia R Pischke
BACKGROUND: Regular physical activity (PA) is a key contributor to healthy ageing. However, despite known health benefits, only one third of older adults in Germany reach the PA levels recommended for persons aged 65 years and above by the World Health Organization. The aim of the current study is to evaluate the effectiveness of two web-based interventions for the initiation and maintenance of regular PA (i.e., intervention groups 1 and 2) compared to a delayed intervention control group of older adults aged 65 to 75 years...
May 25, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542742/exercise-or-social-intervention-for-nursing-home-residents-with-dementia-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Philipe de Souto Barreto, Matteo Cesari, Philippe Denormandie, Didier Armaingaud, Bruno Vellas, Yves Rolland
OBJECTIVES: To compare the effects of exercise with those of a structured nonphysical intervention on ability to perform activities of daily living (ADLs) and physical and cognitive function of persons with dementia (PWDs) living in nursing homes (NH). DESIGN: Cluster-randomized pilot-controlled trial. SETTING: Seven French NHs. PARTICIPANTS: PWDs living in NHs. MEASUREMENTS: NHs were randomized to an exercise group (4 NHs, n = 47) or structured social activity group (3 NHs, n = 50) for a 24-week intervention performed twice per week for 60 minutes per session...
May 19, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542392/acute-exercise-does-not-modify-brain-activity-and-memory-performance-in-app-ps1-mice
#4
Angelica Miki Stein, Victor Munive, Ana M Fernandez, Angel Nuñez, Ignacio Torres Aleman
Age is the main risk factor for Alzheimer´s disease (AD). With an increasingly aging population, development of affordable screening techniques to determine cognitive status will help identify population-at-risk for further follow-up. Because physical exercise is known to modulate cognitive performance, we used it as a functional test of cognitive health. Mice were submitted to treadmill running at moderate speed for 30 min, and their brain activity was monitored before and after exercise using electrocorticogram (ECG) recordings...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541464/quality-and-usability-of-arthritic-pain-self-management-apps-for-older-adults-a-systematic-review
#5
Priyanka Bhattarai, Tro Newton-John, Jane L Phillips
Objective.:  To appraise the quality and usability of currently available pain applications that could be used by community-dwelling older adults to self-manage their arthritic pain. Methods. : A systematic review. Searches were conducted in App Store and Google Play to identify pain self-management apps relevant to arthritic pain management. English language pain management apps providing pain assessment and documentation function and pain management education were considered for inclusion...
May 25, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538108/moderate-to-vigorous-physical-activity-executive-functions-and-prefrontal-brain-oxygenation-in-children-a-functional-near-infrared-spectroscopy-study
#6
Manuel Mücke, Christian Andrä, Markus Gerber, Uwe Pühse, Sebastian Ludyga
Despite accumulating evidence that regular exercise improves executive functioning, the underlying neurophysiological mechanisms have rarely been investigated. The present study aimed to compare cognitive performance as well as task-specific concentration changes in oxygenated haemoglobin in the prefrontal cortex between children with higher and lower moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA). Physical activity was measured over 7 consecutive days using actigraphy. Afterwards, participants (N = 50) completed verbal fluency tests (VFTs) and mental arithmetic (MA) for the assessment of cognitive flexibility and working memory capacity...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537327/associations-between-physical-activity-and-cognitive-functioning-among-middle-aged-and-older-adults
#7
C E Miyawaki, E D Bouldin, G S Kumar, L C McGuire
OBJECTIVES: To describe aerobic physical activity among middle-aged and older adults by their self-reported cognitive decline and their receipt of informal care for declines in cognitive functioning and most common type of physical activity. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study using data from the 2011 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System. SETTING: Landline and cellular telephone survey. PARTICIPANTS: 93,082 respondents aged 45 years and older from 21 US states in 2011...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529544/complementary-and-alternative-interventions-for-fatigue-management-after-traumatic-brain-injury-a-systematic-review
#8
Gang-Zhu Xu, Yan-Feng Li, Mao-De Wang, Dong-Yuan Cao
BACKGROUND: We systematically reviewed randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of complementary and alternative interventions for fatigue after traumatic brain injury (TBI). METHODS: We searched multiple online sources including ClinicalTrials.gov, the Cochrane Library database, MEDLINE, CINAHL, Embase, the Web of Science, AMED, PsychINFO, Toxline, ProQuest Digital Dissertations, PEDro, PsycBite, and the World Health Organization (WHO) trial registry, in addition to hand searching of grey literature...
May 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Neurological Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509904/immunological-effects-of-behavioral-activation-with-exercise-in-major-depression-an-exploratory-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
F Euteneuer, K Dannehl, A Del Rey, H Engler, M Schedlowski, W Rief
Major depression (MD) is associated with peripheral inflammation and increased cardiovascular risk. Regular physical exercise can have anti-inflammatory effects. The present study examined whether behavioral activation with exercise affects inflammatory processes in MD. Ninety-eight patients with MD were randomly assigned to cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) emphasizing exercise during behavioral activation (CBT-E), CBT with pleasurable low-energy activities as an active control condition (CBT-C) or a passive waiting list control group (WL)...
May 16, 2017: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503567/cognitive-impairment-in-chronic-kidney-disease-vascular-milieu-and-the-potential-therapeutic-role-of-exercise
#10
REVIEW
Ulf G Bronas, Houry Puzantian, Mary Hannan
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is considered a model of accelerated aging. More specifically, CKD leads to reduced physical functioning and increased frailty, increased vascular dysfunction, vascular calcification and arterial stiffness, high levels of systemic inflammation, and oxidative stress, as well as increased cognitive impairment. Increasing evidence suggests that the cognitive impairment associated with CKD may be related to cerebral small vessel disease and overall impairment in white matter integrity...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503542/role-of-physical-activity-in-mortality-prediction-in-elderly-hospice-patients
#11
Hye-Sang Park, Kyu-Tae Lee, Tae-Woon Kim
The prediction of life-expectancy in terminally ill patients is important both for medical and social reasons but it is widely recognized as being inaccurate. The aim of this study was to investigate the mortality predictors and indicators of life extension among elderly patients in a hospice service center. In order to determine the mortality predictors, we investigated the relationship between patients' cognitive status using the Korean-Mini Mental State Examination & Global Deterioration Scale (K-MMSE & GDS), the patient's physical function using the instrumental Activities of Daily Living (ADL) score, and the patient's blood component values...
April 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503331/exercise-modality-is-differentially-associated-with-neurocognition-in-older-adults
#12
Yu-Kai Chang, I-Hua Chu, Jen-Hao Liu, Chih-Han Wu, Chien-Heng Chu, Kao-Teng Yang, Ai-Guo Chen
This study explored the effects of exercise modality and type of fitness index on cognitive function in the older adults as assessed via behavioral and neuroelectrical approaches. Sixty older adults were assigned to an aerobic exercise, a coordination exercise, or a control group based on their previous exercise experience. The participants completed congruent and incongruent trials of a modified Stroop Test, during which, event-related potentials were recorded. The participants also completed multiple physical tests that assessed health- and skill-related fitness...
2017: Neural Plasticity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502806/treadmill-exercise-delays-the-onset-of-non-motor-behaviors-and-striatal-pathology-in-the-cag140-knock-in-mouse-model-of-huntington-s-disease
#13
D P Stefanko, V D Shah, W K Yamasaki, G M Petzinger, M W Jakowec
Depression, cognitive impairments, and other neuropsychiatric disturbances are common during the prodromal phase of Huntington's disease (HD) well before the onset of classical motor symptoms of this degenerative disorder. The purpose of this study was to examine the potential impact of physical activity in the form of exercise on a motorized treadmill on non-motor behavioral features including depression-like behavior and cognition in the CAG140 knock-in (KI) mouse model of HD. The CAG140 KI mouse model has a long lifespan compared to other HD rodent models with HD motor deficits emerging after 12months of age and thus provides the opportunity to investigate early life interventions such as exercise on disease progression...
May 11, 2017: Neurobiology of Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502786/randomized-evaluation-of-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-and-graded-exercise-therapy-for-post-cancer-fatigue
#14
Carolina X Sandler, David Goldstein, Sarah Horsfield, Barbara K Bennett, Michael Friedlander, Patricia A Bastick, Craig R Lewis, Eva Segelov, Frances M Boyle, Melvin T M Chin, Kate Webber, Benjamin K Barry, Andrew R Lloyd
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the outcomes of a randomized controlled trial, which assigned patients with post-cancer fatigue (PCF) to education, or 12-weeks of integrated cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) and graded exercise therapy (GET). METHODS: Three months post treatment for breast or colon cancer, eligible patients had: clinically-significant fatigue; no co-morbid medical or psychiatric conditions which explained the fatigue; and no evidence of recurrence. The CBT/GET arm included individually tailored consultations at approximately two weekly intervals...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502732/swimming-exercise-prevents-behavioural-disturbances-induced-by-an-intracerebroventricular-injection-of-amyloid-%C3%AE-1-42-peptide-through-modulation-of-cytokine-nf-kappab-pathway-and-indoleamine-2-3-dioxygenase-in-mouse-brain
#15
Leandro Cattelan Souza, Cristiano R Jesse, Lucian Del Fabbro, Marcelo de Gomes, André Tiago Rossito Goes, Carlos Borges Filho, Cristiane Luchese, Albanin Aparecida Mielniczki Pereira, Silvana Peterini Boeira
Emerging evidence indicates that the activation of indoleamine-2,3-dioxygenase (IDO), a first and rate-limiting enzyme in the kynurenine (KYN) pathway, is involved in amyloid-beta (Aβ1-42)-neurotoxicity and Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathogenesis. Physical exercise has been considered an effective intervention in AD, attenuating or limiting their progression. Nevertheless, the neurobiological mechanisms underlying the neuroprotective effects of exercise have not yet been fully elucidated. In present study, we investigated the protective effect of an 8-week swimming training (ST) exercise on cognitive and non-cognitive functions and its role in modulating biomarkers of KYN pathway, before an intracerebroventricular (i...
May 11, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501804/exercise-and-other-non-pharmaceutical-interventions-for-cancer-related-fatigue-in-patients-during-or-after-cancer-treatment-a-systematic-review-incorporating-an-indirect-comparisons-meta-analysis
#16
REVIEW
Roger Hilfiker, Andre Meichtry, Manuela Eicher, Balfe Lina Nilsson, Ruud H Knols, Martin L Verra, Jan Taeymans
AIM: To assess the relative effects of different types of exercise and other non-pharmaceutical interventions on cancer-related fatigue (CRF) in patients during and after cancer treatment. DESIGN: Systematic review and indirect-comparisons meta-analysis. DATA SOURCES: Articles were searched in PubMed, Cochrane CENTRAL and published meta-analyses. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA FOR SELECTING STUDIES: Randomised studies published up to January 2017 evaluating different types of exercise or other non-pharmaceutical interventions to reduce CRF in any cancer type during or after treatment...
May 13, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499001/is-pelvic-floor-muscle-training-a-physical-therapy-or-a-behavioral-therapy-a-call-to-name-and-report-the-physical-cognitive-and-behavioral-elements
#17
Helena C Frawley, Sarah G Dean, Susan C Slade, E Jean C Hay-Smith
This perspective article explores whether pelvic-floor muscle training (PFMT) for the management of female urinary incontinence and prolapse is a physical therapy or a behavioral therapy. The primary aim is to demonstrate that it is both. A secondary aim is to show that the plethora of terms used for PFMT is potentially confusing and that current terminology inadequately represents the full intent, content, and delivery of this complex intervention. While physical therapists may be familiar with exercise terms, the details are often incompletely reported; furthermore, physical therapists are less familiar with the terminology used in accurately representing cognitive and behavioral therapy interventions, which results in these elements being even less well reported...
April 1, 2017: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494809/the-ped-t-trial-protocol-the-effect-of-physical-exercise-and-dietary-therapy-compared-with-cognitive-behavior-therapy-in-treatment-of-bulimia-nervosa-and-binge-eating-disorder
#18
Therese Fostervold Mathisen, Jan H Rosenvinge, Gunn Pettersen, Oddgeir Friborg, KariAnne Vrabel, Solfrid Bratland-Sanda, Mette Svendsen, Trine Stensrud, Maria Bakland, Rolf Wynn, Jorunn Sundgot-Borgen
BACKGROUND: Sufferers from bulimia nervosa (BN) and binge eating disorder (BED) underestimate the severity risk of their illness and, therefore, postpone seeking professional help for years. Moreover, less than one in five actually seek professional help and only 50% respond to current treatments, such as cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT). The impetus for the present trial is to explore a novel combination treatment approach adapted from physical exercise- and dietary therapy (PED-t)...
May 12, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494196/misremembering-past-affect-predicts-adolescents-future-affective-experience-during-exercise
#19
Melissa M Karnaze, Linda J Levine, Margaret Schneider
PURPOSE: Increasing physical activity among adolescents is a public health priority. Because people are motivated to engage in activities that make them feel good, this study examined predictors of adolescents' feelings during exercise. METHOD: During the 1st semester of the school year, we assessed 6th-grade students' (N = 136) cognitive appraisals of the importance of exercise. Participants also reported their affect during a cardiovascular fitness test and recalled their affect during the fitness test later that semester...
May 11, 2017: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493624/the-effect-of-acute-exercise-on-blood-concentrations-of-brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor-bdnf-in-healthy-adults-a-meta-analysis
#20
REVIEW
Adam Dinoff, Nathan Herrmann, Walter Swardfager, Krista L Lanctôt
It has been hypothesized that one mechanism through which physical activity provides benefits to cognition and mood is via increasing brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) concentrations. Some studies have reported immediate benefits to mood and various cognitive domains after a single session of exercise. This meta-analysis sought to determine the effect of a single exercise session on concentrations of BDNF in peripheral blood, in order to evaluate the potential role of BDNF in mediating the beneficial effects of exercise on brain health...
May 11, 2017: European Journal of Neuroscience
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