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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210957/forced-treadmill-exercise-prevents-spatial-memory-deficits-in-aged-rats-probably-through-the-activation-of-na-k-atpase-in-the-hippocampus
#1
Cláudia Vanzella, Eduardo Farias Sanches, Felipe Kawa Odorcyk, Fabrício Nicola, Janaína Kolling, Aline Longoni, Tiago Marcon Dos Santos, Angela Terezinha de Souza Wyse, Carlos Alexandre Netto
Regular physical activity has shown to improve the quality of life and to prevent age-related memory deficits. Memory processing requires proper regulation of several enzymes such as sodium-potassium adenosine triphosphatase (Na(+), K(+)-ATPase) and acetylcholinesterase (AChE), which have a pivotal role in neuronal transmission. The present study investigated the effects of a treadmill running protocol in young (3 months), mature (6 months) and aged (22 months) Wistar rats, on: (a) cognitive function, as assessed in the Water maze spatial tasks; (b) Na(+), K(+)-ATPase and AChE activities in the hippocampus following cognitive training alone or treadmill running combined with cognitive training...
February 16, 2017: Neurochemical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205157/a-conceptual-neurocognitive-affect-related-model-for-the-promotion-of-exercise-among-obese-adults
#2
REVIEW
Meghan K Edwards, Ovuokerie Addoh, Skyla M Herod, Ryan E Rhodes, Paul D Loprinzi
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Obesity remains a prominent societal threat and burden despite well-promoted prevention and treatment strategies, such as regular engagement in physical activity. Obese individuals, in particular, may be prone to inactivity as a result of a variety of displeasure-related parameters resulting from exercise, such as dyspnea, for instance. RECENT FINDINGS: This brief conceptual review discusses the integral roles of exercise-induced affective responses within a novel conceptual-based neurocognitive affect-related model...
February 16, 2017: Current Obesity Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169570/effectiveness-of-interventions-for-promoting-objectively-measured-physical-activity-of-adults-with-type-2-diabetes-a-systematic-review
#3
Shaima Alothman, Abdalghani Yahya, Jason Rucker, Patricia M Kluding
BACKGROUND: Many people with type 2 diabetes (T2D) are sedentary despite strong recommendations of regular physical activity (PA). Objective measures of PA provide accurate reflection of daily PA level. The purpose of this review was to analyze studies used pedometers or accelerometers to determine the outcome of interventions promoted daily PA in people with T2D. METHODS: An electronic literature search was conducted using the PubMed and CINAHL databases (2000 - 2016), with search terms: sedentary, diabetes, pedometer, physical activity, and accelerometer...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166828/a-psychological-intervention-to-promote-acceptance-and-adherence-to-non-invasive-ventilation-in-people-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-study-protocol-of-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#4
Eleonora Volpato, Paolo Banfi, Francesco Pagnini
BACKGROUND: People with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) sometimes experience anxiety, depression and comorbid cognitive deficits. Rather than being merely a consequence of symptom-related physical impairments these additional problems may be part of the clinical course of the condition. The relationship between the physical and psychological aspects of the condition is illustrated by the patterns of use of non-invasive ventilation (NIV); NIV is often rejected or used inappropriately, resulting in clinical deterioration and an increase in health care costs...
February 6, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164813/exercise-and-sports-medicine-issues-in-underserved-populations
#5
REVIEW
Vincent Morelli, Daniel L Bedney, Arie Eric Dadush
Primary care providers can make a strong argument for exercise promotion in underserved communities. The benefits are vitally important in adolescent physical, cognitive, and psychological development as well as in adult disease prevention and treatment. In counseling such patients, we should take into account a patient's readiness for change and the barriers to exercise.
March 2017: Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150856/effectiveness-of-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-in-a-community-based-pulmonary-rehabilitation-programme-a-controlled-clinical-trial
#6
Edwin K Luk, Alexandra Gorelik, Louis Irving, Fary Khan
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether the use of cognitive behavioural therapy in pulmonary rehabilitation addresses the depression and anxiety burden and thereby improves rehabilitation outcomes. DESIGN: Prospective controlled clinical trial. PATIENTS: A total of 70 patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease who were referred to a community centre for pulmonary rehabilitation. METHODS: Patients were allocated to either the control group, consisting of pulmonary rehabilitation alone, or to the treatment group, receiving pulmonary rehabilitation and an additional 6 sessions of group-based cognitive behavioural therapy...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149509/music-therapy-is-a-potential-intervention-for-cognition-of-alzheimer-s-disease-a-mini-review
#7
REVIEW
Rong Fang, Shengxuan Ye, Jiangtao Huangfu, David P Calimag
Alzheimer's Disease (AD) is a global health issue given the increasing prevalence rate and the limitations of drug effects. As a consequent, non-pharmacological interventions are of importance. Music therapy (MT) is a non-pharmacological way with a long history of use and a fine usability for dementia patients. In this review, we will summarize different techniques, diverse clinical trials, and the mechanisms of MT as it is helpful to the cognition in AD, providing reference for future research. Many articles have demonstrated that MT can reduce cognitive decline especially in autobiographical and episodic memories, psychomotor speed, executive function domains, and global cognition...
2017: Translational Neurodegeneration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149392/engaging-cognitive-circuits-to-promote-motor-recovery-in-degenerative-disorders-exercise-as-a-learning-modality
#8
Michael W Jakowec, Zhou Wang, Daniel Holschneider, Jeff Beeler, Giselle M Petzinger
Exercise and physical activity are fundamental components of a lifestyle essential in maintaining a healthy brain. This is primarily due to the fact that the adult brain maintains a high degree of plasticity and activity is essential for homeostasis throughout life. Plasticity is not lost even in the context of a neurodegenerative disorder, but could be maladaptive thus promoting disease onset and progression. A major breakthrough in treating brain disorders such as Parkinson's disease is to drive neuroplasticity in a direction to improve motor and cognitive dysfunction...
September 1, 2016: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138130/physical-inactivity-a-risk-factor-and-target-for-intervention-in-renal-care
#9
REVIEW
Dorien M Zelle, Gerald Klaassen, Edwin van Adrichem, Stephan J L Bakker, Eva Corpeleijn, Gerjan Navis
Regular physical activity is associated with an increased quality of life and reduced morbidity and mortality in the general population and in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Physical activity, cardiorespiratory fitness, and muscle mass decrease even in the early stages of CKD, and continue to decrease with disease progression; notably, full recovery is generally not achieved with transplantation. The combined effects of uraemia and physical inactivity drive the loss of muscle mass. Regular physical activity benefits cardiometabolic, neuromuscular and cognitive function across all stages of CKD, and therefore provides an approach to address the multimorbidity of the CKD population...
March 2017: Nature Reviews. Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137660/effects-of-moderate-treadmill-exercise-and-fluoxetine-on-behavioural-and-cognitive-deficits-hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal-axis-dysfunction-and-alternations-in-hippocampal-bdnf-and-mrna-expression-of-apoptosis-related-proteins-in-a-rat-model-of-post-traumatic
#10
Sakineh Shafia, Abbas Ali Vafaei, Seyed Afshin Samaei, Ahmad Reza Bandegi, Alireza Rafiei, Reza Valadan, Zahra Hosseini-Khah, Raziyeh Mohammadkhani, Ali Rashidy-Pour
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a condition that develops after an individual has experienced a major trauma. Currently, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) like fluoxetine are the first-line choice in PTSD drug treatment but their moderate response rates and side effects indicate an urgent need for the development of new treatment. Physical activity is known to improve symptoms of certain neuropsychiatric disorders. The present study investigated the effects of moderate treadmill exercise, the antidepressant fluoxetine and the combined treatment on behavioural deficits, and hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis dysfunction...
January 28, 2017: Neurobiology of Learning and Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129746/study-protocol-of-the-tired-study-a-randomised-controlled-trial-comparing-either-graded-exercise-therapy-for-severe-fatigue-or-cognitive-behaviour-therapy-with-usual-care-in-patients-with-incurable-cancer
#11
Hanneke Poort, Constans A H H V M Verhagen, Marlies E W J Peters, Martine M Goedendorp, A Rogier T Donders, Maria T E Hopman, Maria W G Nijhuis-van der Sanden, Thea Berends, Gijs Bleijenberg, Hans Knoop
BACKGROUND: Fatigue is a common and debilitating symptom for patients with incurable cancer receiving systemic treatment with palliative intent. There is evidence that non-pharmacological interventions such as graded exercise therapy (GET) or cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) reduce cancer-related fatigue in disease-free cancer patients and in patients receiving treatment with curative intent. These interventions may also result in a reduction of fatigue in patients receiving treatment with palliative intent, by improving physical fitness (GET) or changing fatigue-related cognitions and behaviour (CBT)...
January 28, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124215/the-association-between-effective-dose-of-magnesium-and-mild-compulsive-exercise-on-spatial-learning-memory-and-motor-activity-of-adult-male-rats
#12
Shahnaz Hajizade Ghonsulakandi, Mahmuod Sheikh, Marzieh Dehghan Shasaltaneh, Samira Chopani, Nasser Naghdi
One of the most important survival mechanisms is learning and memory processes. To emphasize the role of physical exercises and magnesium (Mg) in improvement of cognitive performance, we planned to investigate the effect of Mg and mild compulsive exercise on spatial learning and memory of adult male rats. Accordingly, we divided male Wistar rats into four groups: (I) control, (II) Mg treatment, (III) exercise, and (IV) Mg-exercise in the different dosages of Mg (0.5, 1, 1.5, and 2 mmol/kbw) were injected in the form of gavage during 1 week...
January 25, 2017: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120631/the-effects-of-a-multicomponent-dyadic-intervention-with-physical-exercise-on-the-cognitive-functioning-of-people-with-dementia-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Anna-Eva Prick, Jacomine de Lange, Erik Scherder, Jos Twisk, Anne Margriet Pot
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of a multicomponent dyadic intervention on the cognitive functioning of people with dementia living at home in a Randomized Controlled Trial. METHODS: People with dementia and their family caregivers (n=111) were randomly assigned to 8 home based sessions including physical exercise and support or a minimal intervention consisting of monthly written information bulletins and monthly phone calls. Memory, Executive Functioning (EF) and attention were assessed at baseline, and after three (post-measurement) and six months (follow-up)...
January 25, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119872/comparison-of-the-behavioral-effects-of-exercise-and-high-fat-diet-on-cognitive-function-in-adolescent-rats
#14
Jae-Min Lee, Jong-Min Park, Min Kyung Song, Yoon Ju Kim, Youn-Jung Kim
Adolescence is a critical period for neurodevelopment, neuronal plasticity, and cognitive function. Experiences of adolescence can be exerted positive and negative effects on brain development. Physical exercise has a positive effect on brain function, which is characterized by improving memory function and increased neural plasticity. High fat diet (HFD)-induced obesity has a negative effect on brain function, which is characterized by insulin resistance and neuroinflammation and reduced microvessel constructure...
December 2016: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119067/changes-in-fmri-activation-in-anterior-hippocampus-and-motor-cortex-during-memory-retrieval-after-an-intense-exercise-intervention
#15
Gerd Wagner, Marco Herbsleb, Feliberto de la Cruz, Andy Schumann, Stefanie Köhler, Christian Puta, Holger W Gabriel, Jürgen R Reichenbach, Karl-Jürgen Bär
Strong evidence indicates that regular aerobic training induces beneficial effects on cognitive functions. The present controlled fMRI study was designed to investigate the impact of a short-term intense aerobic exercise on the pattern of functional activation during the retrieval of learned pair-associates in 17 young and healthy male adults compared to 17 matched control subjects. We further aimed to relate putative changes in hippocampal activation to postulated changes in the exercised-induced brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF)...
January 21, 2017: Biological Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112491/predictors-of-chewing-ability-among-community-residing-older-adults-in-korea
#16
Kyongok Park, Gwi-Ryung Son Hong
AIMS: Decreased chewing ability in older adults can lead to poor nutritional and physical conditions, and eventually death. The present study examined the relationships between chewing ability and related characteristics (e.g. health promotion habits, health status and functional status), and identified predictors of chewing ability in community-residing older adults. METHODS: Among the total of 11 542 participants in the 2011 National Survey on Older Adults in Korea, data from 10 543 participants were used for analysis...
January 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110494/a-systematic-review-of-cognitive-effects-of-exercise-in-depression
#17
N Brondino, M Rocchetti, L Fusar-Poli, E Codrons, L Correale, M Vandoni, C Barbui, P Politi
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present systematic review and meta-analysis was to evaluate the impact of physical exercise on cognitive symptoms in depressed adult patients. METHODS: Systematic literature search was performed in Web of Science™ and CINAHL from inception to August 2016. Two reviewers independently selected randomized trials evaluating the effect of exercise on cognitive functions in patients with a validated diagnosis of depression. Outcome measures included global cognition and different cognitive domains (speed of processing, attention/vigilance, working memory, verbal and visual memory, and reasoning)...
January 22, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108936/a-group-mediated-physical-activity-intervention-in-older-knee-osteoarthritis-patients-effects-on-social-cognitive-outcomes
#18
Brian C Focht, Matthew J Garver, Alexander R Lucas, Steven T Devor, Charles F Emery, Kevin V Hackshaw, Ciaran M Fairman, Jessica Bowman, W Jack Rejeski
The objective of the present study was to compare a group-mediated cognitive behavioral (GMCB) physical activity intervention with traditional exercise therapy (TRAD) upon select social cognitive outcomes in sedentary knee osteoarthritis (knee OA) patients. A total of 80 patients (mean age = 63.5 years; 84% women) were recruited using clinic and community-based strategies to a 12-month, single-blind, two-arm, randomized controlled trial. Mobility-related self-efficacy, self-regulatory self-efficacy (SRSE), and satisfaction with physical function (SPF) were assessed at baseline, 3, and 12 months...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107894/heart-rate-variability-biofeedback-therapy-and-graded-exercise-training-in-management-of-chronic-fatigue-syndrome-an-exploratory-pilot-study
#19
Petra Windthorst, Nazar Mazurak, Marvin Kuske, Arno Hipp, Katrin E Giel, Paul Enck, Andreas Nieß, Stephan Zipfel, Martin Teufel
OBJECTIVE: Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is characterised by persistent fatigue, exhaustion, and several physical complaints. Research has shown cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) and graded exercise training (GET) to be the most effective treatments. In a first step we aimed to assess the efficacy of heart rate variability biofeedback therapy (HRV-BF) as a treatment method comprising cognitive and behavioural strategies and GET in the pilot trial. In a second step we aimed to compare both interventions with regard to specific parameters...
February 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075425/management-of-fibromyalgia-practical-guides-from-recent-evidence-based-guidelines
#20
Winfried Häuser, Jacob Ablin, Serge Perrot, Mary-Ann Fitzcharles
Fibromyalgia (FM) is a prevalent and costly condition worldwide, affecting approximately 2% of the general population. Recent evidence- and consensus‑based guidelines from Canada, Germany, Israel, and the European League Against Rheumatism aim to support physicians in achieving a comprehensive diagnostic workup of patients with chronic widespread (generalized) pain (CWP) and to assist patients and physicians in shared decision making on treament options. Every patient with CWP requires, at the first medical evaluation, a complete history, medical examination, and some laboratory tests (complete blood count, measurement of C‑reactive protein, serum calcium, creatine phosphokinase, thyroid‑stimulating hormone, and 25‑hydroxyvitamin D levels) to screen for metabolic or inflammatory causes of CWP...
January 4, 2017: Polskie Archiwum Medycyny Wewnętrznej
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