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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727639/effects-of-12-week-resistance-exercise-on-electroencephalogram-patterns-and-cognitive-function-in-the-elderly-with-mild-cognitive-impairment-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Soon-Gook Hong, June-Hong Kim, Tae-Won Jun
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of a 12-week resistance exercise program with an elastic band on electroencephalogram (EEG) patterns and cognitive function in elderly patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI). DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Community center. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-two subjects with MCI and 25 healthy volunteer subjects were randomly assigned to 1 of 4 groups: subjects with MCI who undertook the exercise program (MCI-EX; n = 10), an MCI control group (MCI-Con; n = 12), a healthy volunteer exercise group (NG-EX; n = 12), and a healthy volunteer control group (NG-Con; n = 13)...
July 14, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724914/enhanced-learning-through-multimodal-training-evidence-from-a-comprehensive-cognitive-physical-fitness-and-neuroscience-intervention
#2
N Ward, E Paul, P Watson, G E Cooke, C H Hillman, N J Cohen, A F Kramer, A K Barbey
The potential impact of brain training methods for enhancing human cognition in healthy and clinical populations has motivated increasing public interest and scientific scrutiny. At issue is the merits of intervention modalities, such as computer-based cognitive training, physical exercise training, and non-invasive brain stimulation, and whether such interventions synergistically enhance cognition. To investigate this issue, we conducted a comprehensive 4-month randomized controlled trial in which 318 healthy, young adults were enrolled in one of five interventions: (1) Computer-based cognitive training on six adaptive tests of executive function; (2) Cognitive and physical exercise training; (3) Cognitive training combined with non-invasive brain stimulation and physical exercise training; (4) Active control training in adaptive visual search and change detection tasks; and (5) Passive control...
July 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724842/short-term-effect-of-back-school-based-on-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-involving-multidisciplinary-collaboration
#3
Ryo Motoya, Koji Otani, Takuya Nikaido, Yoko Ono, Takatomo Matsumoto, Ryohei Yamagishi, Shoji Yabuki, Shin-Ichi Konno, Shin-Ichi Niwa, Hirooki Yabe
ObjectivesThe purpose of this study was to develop a comprehensive back school program that included elements of CBT (Cognitive Behavioral Therapy), implement this through multidisciplinary collaboration, and ascertain its effectiveness as a pilot study. DesignThis school was implemented in the form of five 90-minute group sessions held every other week.MethodsParticipants comprised 7 chronic low back pain patients with poor improvement in the usual treatment. Practitioners were orthopaedic surgeon, physical therapist, and a clinical psychologist...
July 20, 2017: Fukushima Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721834/the-interaction-between-nutrition-and-exercise-for-promoting-health-and-performance
#4
Oliver C Witard, Derek Ball
The theme of The Nutrition Society Spring Conference 2017 was on the interaction between nutrition and exercise for promoting healthy ageing, maintaining cognitive function and improving the metabolic health of the population. The importance of this theme is highlighted by the public health issues surrounding obesity, diabetes and the age-related loss of skeletal muscle mass (sarcopenia). The opening symposium provided a historical perspective of both invasive and non-invasive methodologies for measuring exercise energetics and energy balance...
July 19, 2017: Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720898/balance-training-improves-memory-and-spatial-cognition-in-healthy-adults
#5
Ann-Kathrin Rogge, Brigitte Röder, Astrid Zech, Volker Nagel, Karsten Hollander, Klaus-Michael Braumann, Kirsten Hötting
Physical exercise has been shown to improve cognitive functions. However, it is still unknown which type of exercise affects cognition. In the present study, we tested the hypothesis that a demanding balance training program improves memory and spatial cognition. Forty healthy participants aged 19-65 years were randomly assigned to either a balance or relaxation training intervention. Each group exercised twice a week for a total of 12 weeks. Pre- and posttests assessed balance performance, cardiorespiratory fitness, memory, spatial cognition, and executive functions...
July 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720264/fatigue-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-children-and-adolescents-with-cancer
#6
Michelle Darezzo Rodrigues Nunes, Eufemia Jacob, Emiliana Omena Bomfim, Luis Carlos Lopes-Junior, Regina Aparecida Garcia de Lima, Milena Floria-Santos, Lucila Castanheira Nascimento
PURPOSE: The study examined the different dimensions of fatigue (general, sleep/rest, cognitive), health related quality of life (HRQL) (physical, emotional, cognitive, social), and the relationships between fatigue and HRQL in hospitalized children and adolescents with cancer in Brazil. METHOD: Participants were recruited from a pediatric oncology inpatient unit in a comprehensive cancer care hospital in southeast Brazil. They completed the PedsQL Multidimensional Fatigue Scale and the PedsQL Inventory of Quality of Life (Generic and Cancer module) once during hospitalization...
August 2017: European Journal of Oncology Nursing: the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718297/determination-of-aerobic-capacity-via-cycle-ergometer-exercise-testing-in-alzheimer-s-disease
#7
Ulf G Bronas, Dereck Salisbury, Kaitlin Kelly, Arthur Leon, Lisa Chow, Fang Yu
BACKGROUND: Older adults with Alzheimer's disease (AD) may be unable to perform treadmill testing due to balance issues. We investigated whether older adults with AD could successfully complete a peak cycle ergometer test. METHODS: Peak oxygen consumption (peak [Formula: see text]) assessed via a cycle ergometer test in 44 participants with AD (age 78.4 ± 6.8). Physical function was assessed via the incremental shuttle walk, 6-minute walk, and the Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB)...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Alzheimer's Disease and Other Dementias
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715598/aerobic-exercise-effects-upon-cognition-in-mild-cognitive-impairment-a-systematic-review-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#8
D M Cammisuli, A Innocenti, F Franzoni, C Pruneti
Several studies have shown that physical activity has positive effects on cognition in healthy older adults without cognitive complains but lesser is known about the effectiveness of aerobic exercise in patients suffering from Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI). The aim of the present study was to systematically review the evidence from randomized controlled trials (RCTs) about the effects of aerobic exercise upon cognition in MCI patients. To this end, PubMed, Cochrane and Web of Science databases were analytically searched for RCTs including aerobic exercise interventions for MCI patients...
July 1, 2017: Archives Italiennes de Biologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715593/physical-exercise-improves-total-antioxidant-capacity-and-gene-expression-in-rat-hippocampal-tissue
#9
F Franzoni, G Federighi, J Fusi, E Cerri, R Banducci, A Petrocchi, A Innocenti, C Pruneti, S Daniele, S Pellegrini, C Martini, R Scuri, F Galetta
Exercise may exert beneficial effects on cognitive functions and play an important role in the prevention of neurodegenerative diseases. Such effects seem to be mediated by changes in anti-oxidative status, but limited information is available on the nature of molecular pathways supporting the antioxidant effects of exercise in the brain. In this study 3-5-month-old male Wistar albino rats were subjected to three times/week moderate intensity exercise on a rodent treadmill for a period of 6 weeks. The tissue antioxidant activity towards various reactive oxygen species (ROS) was determined in the hippocampus...
July 1, 2017: Archives Italiennes de Biologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713461/the-effects-of-maximal-intensity-exercise-on-cognitive-performance-in-children
#10
Roy David Samuel, Ofir Zavdy, Miriam Levav, Ronen Reuveny, Uriel Katz, Gal Dubnov-Raz
High intensity physical exercise has previously been found to lead to a decline in cognitive performance of adults. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of maximal intensity exercise on cognitive performance of children. Using a repeated-measures design, 20 children and adolescents aged 8-17 years completed a battery of tests measuring memory and attention. Forward and Backward Digit Span tests, the Rey Auditory-Verbal Learning Test (RAVLT) and the Digit Symbol Substitution Test (DSST) were performed at baseline, immediately after, and one hour after a maximal cardiopulmonary exercise test...
June 2017: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713255/the-impact-of-aerobic-exercise-on-fronto-parietal-network-connectivity-and-its-relation-to-mobility-an-exploratory-analysis-of-a-6-month-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Chun L Hsu, John R Best, Shirley Wang, Michelle W Voss, Robin G Y Hsiung, Michelle Munkacsy, Winnie Cheung, Todd C Handy, Teresa Liu-Ambrose
Impaired mobility is a major concern for older adults and has significant consequences. While the widely accepted belief is that improved physical function underlies the effectiveness of targeted exercise training in improving mobility and reducing falls, recent evidence suggests cognitive and neural benefits gained through exercise may also play an important role in promoting mobility. However, the underlying neural mechanisms of this relationship are currently unclear. Thus, we hypothesize that 6 months of progressive aerobic exercise training would alter frontoparietal network (FPN) connectivity during a motor task among older adults with mild subcortical ischemic vascular cognitive impairment (SIVCI)-and exercise-induced changes in FPN connectivity would correlate with changes in mobility...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708697/simultaneous-physical-and-mental-effort-alters-visual-function
#12
Jesús Vera, Raimundo Jiménez, José Antonio García, David Cárdenas
PURPOSE: Perceptual processing is sensitive to physiological changes. Thus, the homeostatic disturbances during and after exercise may alter the visual function. Here, we investigated the effect of simultaneous physical effort and two levels of cognitive demand on skills related to the visuoperceptual and motor processing. METHODS: Eighteen male regular exercisers performed 60 minutes of simultaneous physical exercise (cycling at 60 ± 5% of reserve heart rate) and cognitive effort (mental workload)...
July 14, 2017: Optometry and Vision Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707283/multimodal-physical-activity-increases-brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor-levels-and-improves-cognition-in-institutionalized-older-women
#13
Kelem Vedovelli, Bruno Lima Giacobbo, Márcio Silveira Corrêa, Andréa Wieck, Irani Iracema de Lima Argimon, Elke Bromberg
Physical activity has been proposed as a promising intervention to improve cognition and decrease the risk of dementia in older adults. Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) appears to mediate, at least partially, these effects of exercise. However, intervention studies of the effects of multimodal exercises on cognition and BDNF levels are scarce and composed by small samples. Thus, the generalization of the conclusions of these studies depends on the reproducibility of the results. In order to contribute to the knowledge on the field, the present study evaluated the effects of a physical activity intervention composed by muscle strengthening and aerobic conditioning on BDNF levels and cognition in older women...
July 13, 2017: GeroScience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705297/the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-behavioral-disorders-in-dementia
#14
Torsten Kratz
BACKGROUND: Behavioral disorders such as aggressiveness, agitation, delusions, disinhibition, affect lability, and apathy arise in more than 90% of patients with dementia. Behavioral disorders are a major challenge and the greatest stress factor in everyday life for nursing personnel and for family members caring for the patient. METHODS: This review is based on relevant publications retrieved by a selective literature search in the PubMed, Cochrane Library, and German S3 guideline databases with the search terms "behavioral disorders," "non-cognitive disorders," and "challenging behavior," in conjunction with "dementia" and "behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia...
June 30, 2017: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705085/international-survey-of-als-experts-about-critical-questions-for-assessing-patients-with-als
#15
Mamede De Carvalho, Adam Ryczkowski, Peter Andersen, Marta Gromicho, Julian Grosskreutz, Magdalena Kuźma-Kozakiewicz, Susanne Petri, Maria Piotrkiewicz, Gabriel Miltenberger Miltenyi
OBJECTIVE: To define an applicable dataset for ALS patient registries we weighted specific clinical items as scored by worldwide ALS experts. METHODS: Sixty participants were invited based on relevant clinical work, publications and personal acquaintance. They rated 160 clinical items consensually agreed by the members of our project, incorporating specialists from five European Centres. Scoring scheme was defined as: 1 - essential; 2 - important; 3 - not very important...
July 13, 2017: Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Degeneration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702436/paternal-physical-exercise-improves-spatial-learning-ability-by-enhancing-hippocampal-neuroplasticity-in-male-pups-born-from-obese-maternal-rats
#16
Hye-Sang Park, Tae-Woon Kim
Maternal obesity exerts negative effects on cognitive function and behavior of the offspring. In the present study, we assessed the effects of paternal physical exercise on spatial learning ability in relation with hippocampal neuroplasticity in the rat pups born from the obese maternal rats. There were four experimental groups: paternal nonexercised male pups from normal maternal rats, paternal exercised male pups from normal maternal rats, paternal nonexercised male pups from obese maternal rats, and paternal exercised male pups from obese maternal rats...
June 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699808/the-effects-of-physical-exercise-and-cognitive-training-on-memory-and-neurotrophic-factors
#17
Jennifer J Heisz, Ilana B Clark, Katija Bonin, Emily M Paolucci, Bernadeta Michalski, Suzanna Becker, Margaret Fahnestock
This study examined the combined effect of physical exercise and cognitive training on memory and neurotrophic factors in healthy, young adults. Ninety-five participants completed 6 weeks of exercise training, combined exercise and cognitive training, or no training (control). Both the exercise and combined training groups improved performance on a high-interference memory task, whereas the control group did not. In contrast, neither training group improved on general recognition performance, suggesting that exercise training selectively increases high-interference memory that may be linked to hippocampal function...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697504/effects-of-a-training-program-involving-body-cooling-on-physical-and-cognitive-capacities-and-quality-of-life-in-multiple-sclerosis-patients-a-pilot-study
#18
Benoit Gonzales, Gilles Chopard, Benjamin Charry, Eric Berger, Julien Tripard, Eloi Magnin, Alain Groslambert
OBJECTIVE: Two methods using exercise and body cooling could influence the well-being of patients with multiple sclerosis (PwMS). The aim of this study was to determine whether wearing a cooling vest during a physical training program could increase the cognitive and physical capacities and quality of life in PwMS. METHODS: Eighteen PwMS (49.6 ± 8 years; Expanded Disability Status Score 5.0 ± 1.0) were randomly assigned to a cooling or control group. PwMS underwent a 7-week physical training program...
July 12, 2017: European Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695416/sources-of-variability-in-physical-activity-among-inactive-people-with-multiple-sclerosis
#19
Marcin K Uszynski, Matthew P Herring, Blathin Casey, Sara Hayes, Stephen Gallagher, Robert W Motl, Susan Coote
PURPOSE: Evidence supports that physical activity (PA) improves symptoms of multiple sclerosis (MS). Although application of principles from Social Cognitive Theory (SCT) may facilitate positive changes in PA behaviour among people with multiple sclerosis (pwMS), the constructs often explain limited variance in PA. This study investigated the extent to which MS symptoms, including fatigue, depression, and walking limitations combined with the SCT constructs, explained more variance in PA than SCT constructs alone among pwMS...
July 10, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694788/the-relationship-between-the-physical-activity-environment-nature-relatedness-anxiety-and-the-psychological-well-being-benefits-of-regular-exercisers
#20
Emma Lawton, Eric Brymer, Peter Clough, Andrew Denovan
Research from a variety of scientific fields suggests that physical activity in nature and feelings of connection to nature enhance psychological health and well-being. This study investigated the psychological health and well-being impact of the physical activity environment for those already undertaking the recommended weekly amount of physical activity. This topic is important for the design of health and well-being environments and interventions involving physical activity. Participants (N = 262) aged 18-71 years (M = 34...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
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