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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628597/integrating-health-promotion-into-physical-therapy-practice-to-improve-brain-health-and-prevent-alzheimer-disease
#1
Ellen McGough, Neva Kirk-Sanchez, Teresa Liu-Ambrose
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Alzheimer disease is the most common cause of dementia, and brain pathology appears years before symptoms are evident. Primary prevention through health promotion can incorporate lifestyle improvement across the lifespan. Risk factor assessment and identifying markers of disease might also trigger preventive measures needed for high-risk individuals and groups. SUMMARY OF KEY POINTS: Many potential risk factors are modifiable through exercise, and may be responsive to early intervention strategies to reduce the downward slope toward disability...
July 2017: Journal of Neurologic Physical Therapy: JNPT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627275/the-effects-of-exercise-on-patient-reported-outcomes-and-performance-based-physical-function-in-adults-with-acute-leukemia-undergoing-induction-therapy
#2
Ashley Leak Bryant, Allison M Deal, Claudio L Battaglini, Brett Phillips, Mackenzi Pergolotti, Erin Coffman, Matthew C Foster, William A Wood, Charlotte Bailey, Anthony C Hackney, Deborah K Mayer, Hyman B Muss, Bryce B Reeve
INTRODUCTION: Fatigue is a distressing symptom for adults with acute leukemia, often impeding their ability to exercise. OBJECTIVES: 1) Examine effects of a 4-week mixed-modality supervised exercise program (4 times a week, twice a day) on fatigue in adults with acute leukemia undergoing induction chemotherapy. 2) Evaluate effects of exercise program on cognition, anxiety, depression, and sleep disturbance. 3) Evaluate effect of intervention on adherence to exercise...
March 1, 2017: Integrative Cancer Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627125/the-role-of-long-term-physical-exercise-on-performance-and-brain-activation-during-the-stroop-colour-word-task-in-fibromyalgia-patients
#3
S Martinsen, P Flodin, J Berrebi, M Löfgren, I Bileviciute-Ljungar, K Mannerkorpi, M Ingvar, P Fransson, E Kosek
The Stroop colour word test (SCWT) has been widely used to assess changes in cognitive performance such as processing speed, selective attention and the degree of automaticity. Moreover, the SCWT has proven to be a valuable tool to assess neuronal plasticity that is coupled to improvement in performance in clinical populations. In a previous study, we showed impaired cognitive processing during SCWT along with reduced task-related activations in patients with fibromyalgia. In this study, we used SCWT and functional magnetic resonance imagingFMRI to investigate the effects of a 15-week physical exercise intervention on cognitive performance, task-related cortical activation and distraction-induced analgesia (DIA) in patients with fibromyalgia and healthy controls...
June 18, 2017: Clinical Physiology and Functional Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624982/towards-ageing-well-use-it-or-lose-it-exercise-epigenetics-and-cognition
#4
Irene Maeve Rea
More and more people are living into the 90s or becoming centenarians. But, the gift of increased 'age span' seldom equates with an improved 'health-span'. Governments across the world are expressing concern about the epidemic of chronic disease, and have responded by initiating policies that make prevention, reduction and treatment of chronic disease, a public health priority. But understanding, how to age long and well, with the avoidance of chronic disease and later life complex disease morbidity is challenging...
June 17, 2017: Biogerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623813/association-between-altered-physical-activity-and-neurocognitive-function-among-people-with-schizophrenia-a-minimum-6-months-follow-up-study
#5
Yusuke Kurebayashi, Junichi Otaki
BACKGROUND: The long-term benefits of physical activity on neurocognitive function among patients with schizophrenia, specifically among inpatients, remain unclear. This preliminary study, with a minimum of 6-months' follow-up, examined alterations in physical activity and neurocognitive function in both inpatients and outpatients with schizophrenia. METHODS: Symptoms and neurocognitive function were assessed at 2 intervals using the Positive and Negative Symptom Scale and Cognitrax, respectively...
June 7, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623442/counseling-interventions-delivered-in-women-with-breast-cancer-to-improve-health-related-quality-of-life-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
V D'Egidio, C Sestili, M Mancino, I Sciarra, R Cocchiara, I Backhaus, A Mannocci, Alessandro De Luca, Federico Frusone, Massimo Monti, G La Torre
BACKGROUND: Higher survival rates for breast cancer patients have led to concerns in dealing with short- and long-term side effects. The most common complications are impairment of shoulder functions, pain, lymphedema, and dysesthesia of the injured arm; psychological consequences concern: emotional distress, anxiety, and depression, thereby, deeply impacting/affecting daily living activity, and health-related quality of life. OBJECTIVE: To perform a systematic review for assessing the efficacy or effectiveness of interventions aiming at improving health-related quality of life, return to daily activity, and correct lifestyles among breast cancer patients...
June 16, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620337/the-acute-effects-of-exercise-intensity-on-inhibitory-cognitive-control-in-adolescents
#7
Fernando Peruyero, Julio Zapata, Diego Pastor, Eduardo Cervelló
Adolescence is an important stage for brain maturation. There are many studies of exercise-cognition relations, but there is still a lack of knowledge about the impact of combining different intensities of exercise on adolescents' cognitive responses. The main objective of this study was to analyze the effect of three physical education sessions (based on Zumba dance) of different intensities (no exercise, predominantly light intensity, and predominantly vigorous intensity) on the inhibition response (measured with the Stroop test) in adolescents...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617135/influence-of-personalized-exercise-recommendations-during-rehabilitation-on-the-sustainability-of-objectively-measured-physical-activity-levels-fatigue-and-fatigue-related-biomarkers-in-patients-with-breast-cancer
#8
Philipp Zimmer, Freerk T Baumann, Max Oberste, Joachim Schmitt, Niklas Joisten, Philipp Hartig, Alexander Schenk, Rafaela Kuhn, Wilhelm Bloch, Monika Reuss-Borst
PURPOSE: Only one-third of patients with breast cancer reach the recommended activity level of 15 to 25 MET h/wk. The aim of this study was to determine the influence of personalized exercise recommendations during rehabilitation on patients' physical activity level, fatigue, and self-perceived cognitive function as well as on side effect-associated biomarkers. METHODS: Total metabolic rate, physical activity level, mean MET and steps, fatigue, self-perceived cognitive functioning , and biomarkers (C-reactive protein [CRP], interleukin 6, macrophage migration inhibiting factor [MIF], tumor necrosis factor [TNF]-α, brain-derived neurotrophic factor [BDNF], insulin-like growth factor 1 [IGF1]) were assessed in 60 patients with breast cancer in the aftercare phase before ( t0) and 8 months after ( t1) the intervention...
June 1, 2017: Integrative Cancer Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617071/an-endothelial-link-between-the-benefits-of-physical-exercise-in-dementia
#9
Lianne J Trigiani, Edith Hamel
The current absence of a disease-modifying treatment for Alzheimer's disease (AD) and vascular cognitive impairment and dementia (VCID) highlights the necessity for investigating the benefits of non-pharmacological approaches such as physical exercise (PE). Although evidence exists to support an association between regular PE and higher scores on cognitive function tests, and a slower rate of cognitive decline, there is no clear consensus on the underlying molecular mechanisms of the advantages of PE. This review seeks to summarize the positive effects of PE in human and animal studies while highlighting the vascular link between these benefits...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611709/relationships-between-motor-and-executive-functions-and-the-effect-of-an-acute-coordinative-intervention-on-executive-functions-in-kindergartners
#10
Marion Stein, Max Auerswald, Mirjam Ebersbach
There is growing evidence indicating positive, causal effects of acute physical activity on cognitive performance of school children, adolescents, and adults. However, only a few studies examined these effects in kindergartners, even though correlational studies suggest moderate relationships between motor and cognitive functions in this age group. One aim of the present study was to examine the correlational relationships between motor and executive functions among 5- to 6-year-olds. Another aim was to test whether an acute coordinative intervention, which was adapted to the individual motor functions of the children, causally affected different executive functions (i...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610948/adaptive-capacity-an-evolutionary-neuroscience-model-linking-exercise-cognition-and-brain-health
#11
REVIEW
David A Raichlen, Gene E Alexander
The field of cognitive neuroscience was transformed by the discovery that exercise induces neurogenesis in the adult brain, with the potential to improve brain health and stave off the effects of neurodegenerative disease. However, the basic mechanisms underlying exercise-brain connections are not well understood. We use an evolutionary neuroscience approach to develop the adaptive capacity model (ACM), detailing how and why physical activity improves brain function based on an energy-minimizing strategy. Building on studies showing a combined benefit of exercise and cognitive challenge to enhance neuroplasticity, our ACM addresses two fundamental questions: (i) what are the proximate and ultimate mechanisms underlying age-related brain atrophy, and (ii) how do lifestyle changes influence the trajectory of healthy and pathological aging?...
June 10, 2017: Trends in Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604402/the-role-of-nonpharmacologic-therapies-in-management-of-chronic-pelvic-pain-what-to-do-when-surgery-fails
#12
Sara R Till, Heather N Wahl, Sawsan As-Sanie
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To provide an update on nonsurgical and nonpharmacologic strategies for the management of chronic pelvic pain (CPP). RECENT FINDINGS: Effective treatment of patients with CPP requires a multifaceted approach, with thoughtful consideration of surgical, pharmacologic, and nonpharmacologic strategies. Evidence for physical therapy and trigger point injections for treatment of myofascial components of CPP is increasing. Neuromodulation techniques, such as percutaneous tibial nerve stimulation and transcutaneous electrical stimulation, have limited but favorable preliminary data in patients with CPP...
June 9, 2017: Current Opinion in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602152/physical-activity-and-cognitive-function-of-long-distance-walkers-studying-four-days-marches-participants
#13
Hans Wouters, Teun Aalbers, Martijn Maessen, André Verbeek, Marcel Olde Rikkert, Roy Kessels, Maria Hopman, Thijs Eijsvogels
OBJECTIVE: Studies show physical activity to be beneficial for cognitive function. However, studies usually included individuals who were not particularly inclined to exercise. Following research among master athletes, we examined associations between physical activity and cognitive function in participants of the International Nijmegen Four Days Marches. These individuals are also inclined to exercise. On 4 consecutive days > 40,000 participants walk a daily distance of 30-50 km (120-200 km or 75-125 miles in total)...
June 10, 2017: Rejuvenation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600001/at-least-eighty-percent-of-brain-grey-matter-is-modifiable-by-physical-activity-a-review-study
#14
REVIEW
Seyed Amir Hossein Batouli, Valiallah Saba
The human brain is plastic, i.e. it can show structural changes in response to the altered environment. Physical activity (PA) is a lifestyle factor which has significant associations with the structural and functional aspects of the human brain, as well as with the mind and body health. Many studies have reported regional/global brain volume increments due to exercising; however, a map which shows the overall extent of the influences of PAs on brain structure is not available. In this study, we collected all the reports on brain structural alterations in association with PA in healthy humans, and next, a brain map of the extent of these effects is provided...
June 7, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598841/effects-of-exercise-on-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-related-cognitive-impairment-and%C3%A2-dementia
#15
Michele Callisaya, Kazunori Nosaka
Cognitive impairment and dementia are common contributors to institutionalization and loss of quality of life in older people. Both type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and physical inactivity are prevalent and important modifiable risk factors for developing dementia. Physical activity is recommended in the management of T2DM, and there is growing evidence that exercise, a subgroup of physical activity, is also beneficial for maintaining and improving brain structure and function. This paper reviews the evidence for a benefit of exercise on T2DM related cognitive impairment and dementia...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598402/cognitive-performance-enhancement-induced-by-caffeine-carbohydrate-and-guarana-mouth-rinsing-during-submaximal-exercise
#16
Laura Pomportes, Jeanick Brisswalter, Laurence Casini, Arnaud Hays, Karen Davranche
The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of serial mouth rinsing (MR) with nutritional supplements on cognitive performance (i.e., cognitive control and time perception) during a 40-min submaximal exercise. Twenty-four participants completed 4 counterbalanced experimental sessions, during which they performed MR with either placebo (PL), carbohydrate (CHO: 1.6 g/25 mL), guarana complex (GUAc: 0.4 g/25 mL) or caffeine (CAF: 67 mg/25 mL) before and twice during exercise. The present study provided some important new insights regarding the specific changes in cognitive performance induced by nutritional supplements...
June 9, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593819/voluntary-exercise-improves-cognitive-deficits-in-female-dominant-negative-disc1-transgenic-mouse-model-of-neuropsychiatric-disorders
#17
Hadar Segal-Gavish, Ran Barzilay, Ofri Rimoni, Daniel Offen
OBJECTIVES: Physical exercise has gained increasing interest as a treatment modality that improves prognosis in psychiatric patients. The disrupted in schizophrenia 1 (DISC1) gene is a candidate gene for major mental illness. In this study, we aimed to determine whether voluntary wheel running can improve cognitive deficits of dominant-negative DISC1 transgenic mice (DN-DISC1). METHODS: DN-DISC1 and control mice (10-week-old male and female) were placed for 14 days in a cage with or without access to a running wheel...
June 8, 2017: World Journal of Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588546/neuroprotective-effects-of-physical-activity-evidence-from-human-and-animal-studies
#18
REVIEW
Sergio Chieffi, Giovanni Messina, Ines Villano, Antonietta Messina, Anna Valenzano, Fiorenzo Moscatelli, Monica Salerno, Alessio Sullo, Roberto Avola, Vincenzo Monda, Giuseppe Cibelli, Marcellino Monda
In the present article, we provide a review of current knowledge regarding the role played by physical activity (PA) in preventing age-related cognitive decline and reducing risk of dementia. The cognitive benefits of PA are highlighted by epidemiological, neuroimaging and behavioral studies. Epidemiological studies identified PA as an influential lifestyle factor in predicting rates of cognitive decline. Individuals physically active from midlife show a reduced later risk of cognitive impairment. Neuroimaging studies documented attenuation of age-related brain atrophy, and also increase of gray matter and white matter of brain areas, including frontal and temporal lobes...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587957/role-of-physical-exercise-on-cognitive-function-in-healthy-older-adults-a-systematic-review-of-randomized-clinical-trials
#19
REVIEW
Mikel López Sáez de Asteasu, Nicolás Martínez-Velilla, Fabricio Zambom-Ferraresi, Álvaro Casas-Herrero, Mikel Izquierdo
Cognitive impairment has a harmful effect on quality of life, is associated with functional limitations and disability in older adults. Physical activity (PA) has shown to have beneficial effects on cognition but the results and conclusions of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) are less consistent. Update of knowledge was necessary to examine the effects on cognitive function of new training modalities developed in recent years, such as multicomponent exercise training. Therefore, the purpose of this review was to examine the role of multicomponent training versus aerobic or resistance training alone on cognition in healthy older adults (>65 years) without known cognitive impairment...
June 3, 2017: Ageing Research Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582253/translating-comprehensive-conservative-care-for-chronic-knee-pain-into-a-digital-care-pathway-12-week-and-6-month-outcomes-for-the-hinge-health-program
#20
Peter Smittenaar, Jennifer C Erhart-Hledik, Rose Kinsella, Simon Hunter, Gabriel Mecklenburg, Daniel Perez
BACKGROUND: Chronic knee pain (CKP) affects a large number of adults, many of whom do not receive best-practice care and are at high risk for unnecessary surgery. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of the Hinge Health 12-week digital care program (DCP) for CKP on knee pain and function, with secondary outcomes of surgery interest and satisfaction, at 12 weeks and 6 months after starting the program. METHODS: Individuals with CKP were recruited onto the 12-week program, comprising sensor-guided physical exercises, weekly education, activity tracking, and psychosocial support such as personal coaching and cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT)...
April 5, 2017: JMIR Rehabil Assist Technol
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