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Physical exercise cognitive children

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796655/effects-of-childhood-gymnastics-program-on-spatial-working-memory
#1
Shu-Shih Hsieh, Chih-Chien Lin, Yu-Kai Chang, Chun-Ju Huang, Tsung-Min Hung
PURPOSE: A growing body of evidence has demonstrated the positive effects of physical exercise on cognition in children, and recent studies have specifically investigated the cognitive benefits of exercises involving cognitive-motor interactions, such as gymnastics. This study examined the effect of 8 weeks of gymnastics training on behavioral and neurophysiological measures of spatial working memory in children. METHODS: Forty-four children aged 7 to 10 yrs were recruited...
August 7, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742426/educating-students-for-a-lifetime-of-physical-activity-enhancing-mindfulness-motivation-and-meaning
#2
Catherine D Ennis
For many years, pedagogical scholars and physical education (PE) teachers have worked to enhance effective teaching and learning environments. Yet for some children, youth, and young adults, many of the benefits associated with a physically active lifestyle remain elusive. Enhancing programming and performance to meet physical activity goals may require moving programs beyond "effective." It will require teachers and program leaders to focus programmatic attention on strategies to actually increase students' out-of-class physical activity behavior...
July 25, 2017: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740440/haphop-physio-a-computer-game-to-support-cognitive-therapies-in-children
#3
Carolina Rico-Olarte, Diego M López, Santiago Narváez, Charic D Farinango, Peter S Pharow
BACKGROUND: Care and support of children with physical or mental disabilities are accompanied with serious concerns for parents, families, healthcare institutions, schools, and their communities. Recent studies and technological innovations have demonstrated the feasibility of providing therapy and rehabilitation services to children supported by computer games. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper is to present HapHop-Physio, an innovative computer game that combines exercise with fun and learning, developed to support cognitive therapies in children...
2017: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720264/fatigue-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-children-and-adolescents-with-cancer
#4
Michelle Darezzo Rodrigues Nunes, Eufemia Jacob, Emiliana Omena Bomfim, Luis Carlos Lopes-Junior, Regina Aparecida Garcia de Lima, Milena Floria-Santos, Lucila Castanheira Nascimento
PURPOSE: The study examined the different dimensions of fatigue (general, sleep/rest, cognitive), health related quality of life (HRQL) (physical, emotional, cognitive, social), and the relationships between fatigue and HRQL in hospitalized children and adolescents with cancer in Brazil. METHOD: Participants were recruited from a pediatric oncology inpatient unit in a comprehensive cancer care hospital in southeast Brazil. They completed the PedsQL Multidimensional Fatigue Scale and the PedsQL Inventory of Quality of Life (Generic and Cancer module) once during hospitalization...
August 2017: European Journal of Oncology Nursing: the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713461/the-effects-of-maximal-intensity-exercise-on-cognitive-performance-in-children
#5
Roy David Samuel, Ofir Zavdy, Miriam Levav, Ronen Reuveny, Uriel Katz, Gal Dubnov-Raz
High intensity physical exercise has previously been found to lead to a decline in cognitive performance of adults. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of maximal intensity exercise on cognitive performance of children. Using a repeated-measures design, 20 children and adolescents aged 8-17 years completed a battery of tests measuring memory and attention. Forward and Backward Digit Span tests, the Rey Auditory-Verbal Learning Test (RAVLT) and the Digit Symbol Substitution Test (DSST) were performed at baseline, immediately after, and one hour after a maximal cardiopulmonary exercise test...
June 2017: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692579/physical-activity-interventions-for-children-with-social-emotional-and-behavioral-disabilities-a-systematic-review
#6
Tayla Ash, April Bowling, Kirsten Davison, Jeanette Garcia
OBJECTIVE: Perform a systematic review of the available literature regarding the effectiveness of exercise interventions on children with any type of social, emotional, or behavioral disability (SEBD), with attention to a range of physiological, behavioral, and mood outcomes. METHODS: Six databases were searched using a systematic methodology. References of included studies, as well as relevant reviews, were also examined. The review was limited to studies published since 2000 reporting a quantitative analysis of the effects of a physical activity (PA) intervention on at least 1 behavioral, psychological, or cognitive outcome in children aged 21 and under, diagnosed with a SEBD...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671892/physical-activity-interventions-for-children-with-social-emotional-and-behavioral-disabilities-a-systematic-review
#7
Tayla Ash, April Bowling, Kirsten Davison, Jeanette Garcia
OBJECTIVE: Perform a systematic review of the available literature regarding the effectiveness of exercise interventions on children with any type of social, emotional, or behavioral disability (SEBD), with attention to a range of physiological, behavioral, and mood outcomes. METHODS: Six databases were searched using a systematic methodology. References of included studies, as well as relevant reviews, were also examined. The review was limited to studies published since 2000 reporting a quantitative analysis of the effects of a physical activity (PA) intervention on at least 1 behavioral, psychological, or cognitive outcome in children aged 21 and under, diagnosed with a SEBD...
July 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611709/relationships-between-motor-and-executive-functions-and-the-effect-of-an-acute-coordinative-intervention-on-executive-functions-in-kindergartners
#8
Marion Stein, Max Auerswald, Mirjam Ebersbach
There is growing evidence indicating positive, causal effects of acute physical activity on cognitive performance of school children, adolescents, and adults. However, only a few studies examined these effects in kindergartners, even though correlational studies suggest moderate relationships between motor and cognitive functions in this age group. One aim of the present study was to examine the correlational relationships between motor and executive functions among 5- to 6-year-olds. Another aim was to test whether an acute coordinative intervention, which was adapted to the individual motor functions of the children, causally affected different executive functions (i...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600001/at-least-eighty-percent-of-brain-grey-matter-is-modifiable-by-physical-activity-a-review-study
#9
REVIEW
Seyed Amir Hossein Batouli, Valiallah Saba
The human brain is plastic, i.e. it can show structural changes in response to the altered environment. Physical activity (PA) is a lifestyle factor which has significant associations with the structural and functional aspects of the human brain, as well as with the mind and body health. Many studies have reported regional/global brain volume increments due to exercising; however, a map which shows the overall extent of the influences of PAs on brain structure is not available. In this study, we collected all the reports on brain structural alterations in association with PA in healthy humans, and next, a brain map of the extent of these effects is provided...
June 7, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578432/effects-of-childhood-and-adolescence-physical-activity-patterns-on-psychosis-risk-a-general-population-cohort-study
#10
Elina Sormunen, Maiju M Saarinen, Raimo K R Salokangas, Risto Telama, Nina Hutri-Kähönen, Tuija Tammelin, Jorma Viikari, Olli Raitakari, Jarmo Hietala
Schizophrenia spectrum disorders are associated with high morbidity and mortality in somatic diseases. The risk factors of this excess mortality include, e.g., obesity, dietary factors, and physical inactivity, especially after the onset of psychosis, but there are limited early developmental data on these factors in individuals who later develop psychosis. A population-based cohort study "Cardiovascular Risk of Young Finns" started in 1980 with 3596 children and adolescents from six different age groups (3, 6, 9, 12, 15, and 18 years)...
January 13, 2017: NPJ Schizophrenia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560251/effects-of-childhood-and-adolescence-physical-activity-patterns-on-psychosis-risk-a-general-population-cohort-study
#11
Elina Sormunen, Maiju M Saarinen, Raimo K R Salokangas, Risto Telama, Nina Hutri-Kähönen, Tuija Tammelin, Jorma Viikari, Olli Raitakari, Jarmo Hietala
Schizophrenia spectrum disorders are associated with high morbidity and mortality in somatic diseases. The risk factors of this excess mortality include, e.g., obesity, dietary factors, and physical inactivity, especially after the onset of psychosis, but there are limited early developmental data on these factors in individuals who later develop psychosis. A population-based cohort study "Cardiovascular Risk of Young Finns" started in 1980 with 3596 children and adolescents from six different age groups (3, 6, 9, 12, 15, and 18 years)...
2017: NPJ Schizophrenia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538108/moderate-to-vigorous-physical-activity-executive-functions-and-prefrontal-brain-oxygenation-in-children-a-functional-near-infrared-spectroscopy-study
#12
Manuel Mücke, Christian Andrä, Markus Gerber, Uwe Pühse, Sebastian Ludyga
Despite accumulating evidence that regular exercise improves executive functioning, the underlying neurophysiological mechanisms have rarely been investigated. The present study aimed to compare cognitive performance as well as task-specific concentration changes in oxygenated haemoglobin in the prefrontal cortex between children with higher and lower moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA). Physical activity was measured over 7 consecutive days using actigraphy. Afterwards, participants (N = 50) completed verbal fluency tests (VFTs) and mental arithmetic (MA) for the assessment of cognitive flexibility and working memory capacity...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483928/approach-to-investigation-and-treatment-of-persistent-symptoms-following-sport-related-concussion-a-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
Michael Makdissi, Kathryn J Schneider, Nina Feddermann-Demont, Kevin M Guskiewicz, Sidney Hinds, John J Leddy, Michael McCrea, Michael Turner, Karen M Johnston
OBJECTIVE: To conduct a systematic review of the literature regarding assessment and treatment modalities in patients with persistent symptoms following sport-related concussion (SRC). DATA SOURCES: We searched Medline, Embase, SPORTSDiscus, PsycINFO, CINAHL, Cochrane library and ProQuest Dissertation & Theses Global electronic databases. STUDY ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA: Studies were included if they were original research, reported on SRC as the primary source of injury, included patients with persistent postconcussive symptoms (>10 days) and investigated the role of assessment or treatment modalities...
June 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442452/homestyles-a-web-based-childhood-obesity-prevention-program-for-families-with-preschool-children-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Carol Byrd-Bredbenner, Jennifer Martin-Biggers, Mallory Koenings, Virginia Quick, Nobuko Hongu, John Worobey
BACKGROUND: The home environment is where young children spend most of their time, and is critically important to supporting behaviors that promote health and prevent obesity. However, the home environment and lifestyle patterns remain understudied, and few interventions have investigated parent-led makeovers designed to create home environments that are supportive of optimal child health and healthy child weights. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the HomeStyles randomized controlled trial (RCT) is to determine whether the Web-based HomeStyles intervention enables and motivates parents to shape the weight-related aspects of their home environments and lifestyle behavioral practices (diet, exercise, and sleep) to be more supportive of their preschool children's optimal health and weight...
April 25, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381107/impaired-cognitive-performance-in-youth-athletes-exposed-to-repetitive-head-impacts
#15
Inga K Koerte, Elizabeth Nichols, Yorghos Tripodis, Vivian Schultz, Stefan Lehner, Randy Igbinoba, Alice Z Chuang, Michael Mayinger, Eliana M Klier, Marc Muehlmann, David Kaufmann, Christian Lepage, Florian Heinen, Gerd Schulte-Körne, Ross Zafonte, Martha E Shenton, Anne B Sereno
Worldwide, more than 22 million children and adolescents are exposed to repetitive head impacts (RHI) in soccer. Evidence indicates cumulative effects on brain structure, but it is not known whether exposure to RHI affects cognitive improvement in adolescents. The aim of the study was to determine whether exposure to RHI while heading the ball in soccer affects improvement in cognitive performance in adolescents over time. The study group consisted of a convenience sample of 16 male soccer players (mean age 15...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271804/exercise-and-cognition-2016
#16
Phillip D Tomporowski
Physical activity is purported to promote children's brain health and enhance mental development (1). Three studies were selected for review because of their focus on issues that challenge translational research applications in exercise pediatric science. While some disagreement exists concerning the definition of translational research, most suggest that translational interventions focus on the uptake, implementation, and sustainability of research findings within standard care (2). Translational researchers typically highlight differences that exist between efficacy experiments, which provide evidence that a specific intervention works, and effectiveness experiments, which show that the intervention will reap benefits under real-world conditions...
February 2017: Pediatric Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228043/impact-of-exercise-on-clinical-symptom-report-and-neurocognition-after-concussion-in-children-and-adolescents
#17
Vicky Manikas, Franz E Babl, Stephen Hearps, Julian Dooley, Vicki Anderson
Recovery from concussion in childhood is poorly understood, despite its importance in decisions regarding return to normal activity. Resolution of post-concussive symptoms (PCS) is widely employed as a marker of recovery in clinical practice; however, it is unclear whether subtle impairments persist only to re-emerge in the context of increased physical or cognitive demands. This study aimed to examine the effect of strenuous exercise on clinical symptom report and neurocognition in children and adolescents after PCS resolution after concussion...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069663/cybercycling-effects-on-classroom-behavior-in-children-with-behavioral-health-disorders-an-rct
#18
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
April Bowling, James Slavet, Daniel P Miller, Sebastien Haneuse, William Beardslee, Kirsten Davison
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Exercise is linked with improved cognition and behavior in children in clinical and experimental settings. This translational study examined if an aerobic cybercycling intervention integrated into physical education (PE) resulted in improvements in behavioral self-regulation and classroom functioning among children with mental health disabilities attending a therapeutic day school. METHODS: Using a 14-week crossover design, students (N = 103) were randomly assigned by classroom (k = 14) to receive the 7-week aerobic cybercycling PE curriculum during fall 2014 or spring 2015...
February 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928441/effects-of-a-selected-exercise-programon-executive-function-of-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#19
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
M Memarmoghaddam, H T Torbati, M Sohrabi, A Mashhadi, A Kashi
Introduction. The aim of this study was to examine the effectiveness of a Selected exercise program on the executive function of children with ADHD. Method. The participants were 40 male students, aged 7-11 years. The participants were randomly assigned into two groups (experimental and control). The experimental group participated in an exercise program for 24 sessions, 90 minutes per session. The control group did not receive any intervention. Before and after the exercise period, all the participants were assessed with Stroop and Go-No-Go tests, and the resulting data were analyzed by using MANCOVA...
October 2016: Journal of Medicine and Life
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849444/improved-executive-functions-in-6-12-year-old-children-following-cognitively-engaging-tennis-lessons
#20
Toru Ishihara, Shigemi Sugasawa, Yusuke Matsuda, Masao Mizuno
The aim of this cross-sectional study was to evaluate the relationships between cognitively engaging exercise (i.e., game-based and coordination exercises), executive functions (i.e., inhibitory control and working memory), and physical fitness. Forty junior tennis players (6-12 years old), who regularly participated in tennis lessons (2.55 years, SD = 1.61) prior to the study, were investigated. All participants completed evaluations of executive functions (inhibitory control and working memory) at rest...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Sports Sciences
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