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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849444/improved-executive-functions-in-6-12-year-old-children-following-cognitively-engaging-tennis-lessons
#1
Toru Ishihara, Shigemi Sugasawa, Yusuke Matsuda, Masao Mizuno
The aim of this cross-sectional study was to evaluate the relationships between cognitively engaging exercise (i.e., game-based and coordination exercises), executive functions (i.e., inhibitory control and working memory), and physical fitness. Forty junior tennis players (6-12 years old), who regularly participated in tennis lessons (2.55 years, SD = 1.61) prior to the study, were investigated. All participants completed evaluations of executive functions (inhibitory control and working memory) at rest...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803137/validity-of-the-stage-of-exercise-scale-in-children-with-rheumatologic-conditions
#2
Samantha L Stephens, Mark S Tremblay, Guy Faulkner, Joseph Beyene, Tri H Nguyen, Suneye Koohsari, Elizaveta Limenis, Brian M Feldman
OBJECTIVE: To determine the face, content, and construct validity of the Stages of Exercise Scale (SOES) in children with rheumatologic conditions [juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) and juvenile dermatomyositis (JDM)], and if the validity of the SOES differs by disease type by comparing it with a disease control with a chronic respiratory illness [cystic fibrosis (CF)]. METHODS: Sixty-seven children and adolescents (43 female) ages 11 to 18 years with a diagnosis of either JDM (n = 15), JIA (n = 39), or CF (n = 13) completed the SOES; scales of sensibility, process of change, decisional balance, and self-efficacy; the Child Health Assessment Questionnaire; and patient/physician ratings of disease severity...
December 2016: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776002/muscular-and-aerobic-fitness-working-memory-and-academic-achievement-in-children
#3
Shih-Chun Kao, Daniel R Westfall, Andrew C Parks, Matthew B Pontifex, Charles H Hillman
PURPOSE: This study investigated the relationship between aerobic and muscular fitness with working memory and academic achievement in preadolescent children. METHODS: Seventy-nine 9-11 year old children completed an aerobic fitness assessment using a graded exercise test; a muscular fitness assessment consisting of upper body, lower body, and core exercises; a serial n-back task to assess working memory; and an academic achievement test of mathematics and reading...
October 21, 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27768674/physical-activity-and-cognitive-development-a-meta-analysis
#4
William M Jackson, Nicholas Davis, Stephen A Sands, Robert A Whittington, Lena S Sun
RESEARCH QUESTION: Is there an association between regular exercise, defined as a structured program of increased physical activity at least 1 month in duration, and improvements in measures of executive functions compared with children who engage in their normal daily activities? CONTEXT: The association between increased physical activity and changes in performance on tasks of executive functions have not been well elucidated in children. Executive functioning is important to intellectual development and academic success in children, and inexpensive, nonpharmacological methods for the treatment of executive dysfunction represent an attractive interventional target...
October 2016: Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27737676/study-protocol-the-fueling-learning-through-exercise-flex-study-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-the-impact-of-school-based-physical-activity-programs-on-children-s-physical-activity-cognitive-function-and-academic-achievement
#5
Catherine M Wright, Paula J Duquesnay, Stephanie Anzman-Frasca, Virginia R Chomitz, Kenneth Chui, Christina D Economos, Elizabeth G Langevin, Miriam E Nelson, Jennifer M Sacheck
BACKGROUND: Physical activity (PA) is critical to preventing childhood obesity and contributes to children's overall physical and cognitive health, yet fewer than half of all children achieve the recommended 60 min per day of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA). Schools are an ideal setting to meeting PA guidelines, but competing demands and limited resources have impacted PA opportunities. The Fueling Learning through Exercise (FLEX) Study is a randomized controlled trial that will evaluate the impact of two innovative school-based PA programs on children's MVPA, cognitive function, and academic outcomes...
October 13, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27612885/effects-of-intensive-versus-non-intensive-physical-therapy-on-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#6
M A Rahman, M M Zaman, M M Rahman, M Moniruzzaman, B Ahmed, F K Chhobi, N Rahman, M R Akter
Cerebral Palsy (CP) is one of the most common causes of all childhood disorders. There are tone, posture and movements difficulty due to non-progressive damage to the immature brain in CP. The hallmark of CP is a disability in the development of gross motor function (GMF). The influence of gross motor development on fine motor development is more important in early developmental period, specially under three years old and in children with CP. Various therapeutic interventions have been used in the management of GMF development...
July 2016: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27455446/challenging-the-dogma-that-rest-is-best-after-concussion-commentary-on-mychasiuk-et-al
#7
Bridgette D Semple
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: European Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27420304/improving-children-s-coordinative-skills-and-executive-functions-the-effects-of-a-football-exercise-program
#8
Marianna Alesi, Antonino Bianco, Giorgio Luppina, Antonio Palma, Annamaria Pepi
Recent studies have focused on the positive influence of regular physical activity on executive functioning in children. Coordinative skills (agility) and executive functions (updating, attention, inhibition and planning processes) were investigated in children before and after 6 months of a Football Exercise Program compared to a control group of sedentary peers. The participants were 44 children aged 8.8 years: Group 1 comprised 24 children in a football (i.e., soccer) exercise program and Group 2 comprised 20 sedentary children...
February 2016: Perceptual and Motor Skills
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27400928/sweat-it-out-the-effects-of-physical-exercise-on-cognition-and-behavior-in-children-and-adults-with-adhd-a-systematic-literature-review
#9
Anne E Den Heijer, Yvonne Groen, Lara Tucha, Anselm B M Fuermaier, Janneke Koerts, Klaus W Lange, Johannes Thome, Oliver Tucha
As attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most frequently diagnosed developmental disorders in childhood, effective yet safe treatment options are highly important. Recent research introduced physical exercise as a potential treatment option, particularly for children with ADHD. The aim of this review was to systematically analyze potential acute and chronic effects of cardio and non-cardio exercise on a broad range of functions in children with ADHD and to explore this in adults as well...
July 11, 2016: Journal of Neural Transmission
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27365217/increasing-children-s-voluntary-physical-activity-outside-of-school-hours-through-targeting-social-cognitive-theory-variables
#10
James J Annesi, Stephanie M Walsh, Brittney L Greenwood
INTRODUCTION: Volume of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity completed during the elementary school day is insufficient, and associated with health risks. Improvements in theory-based psychosocial factors might facilitate increased out-of-school physical activity. METHODS: A behaviorally based after-school care protocol, Youth Fit 4 Life, was tested for its association with increased voluntary, out-of-school physical activity and improvements in its theory-based psychosocial predictors in 9- to 12-year-olds...
October 2016: Journal of Primary Care & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27354073/association-of-physical-activity-with-cognition-metacognition-and-academic-performance-in-children-and-adolescents-a-protocol-for-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
Celia Álvarez-Bueno, Caterina Pesce, Iván Cavero-Redondo, Mairena Sánchez-López, María Jesús Pardo-Guijarro, Vicente Martínez-Vizcaíno
INTRODUCTION: Schools provide a relevant context for improving children's and adolescents' physical and mental health by increasing physical activity during school hours and/or beyond. The interest in the relationship between physical activity programmes and cognition during development has recently increased, with evidence suggesting a positive association. We present a protocol of systematic reviews and meta-analysis of intervention studies that, by determining the effects of chronic physical exercise on children's and adolescents' cognitive and metacognitive functions, cognitive life skills, academic behaviours and achievement, aims to ensure procedural objectivity and transparency, and maximise the extraction of relevant information to inform policy development...
2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27349708/healthy-eating-decisions-require-efficient-dietary-self-control-in-children-a-mouse-tracking-food-decision-study
#12
Oh-Ryeong Ha, Amanda S Bruce, Stephen W Pruitt, J Bradley C Cherry, T Ryan Smith, Dominic Burkart, Jared M Bruce, Seung-Lark Lim
Learning how to make healthy eating decisions, (i.e., resisting unhealthy foods and consuming healthy foods), enhances physical development and reduces health risks in children. Although healthy eating decisions are known to be challenging for children, the mechanisms of children's food choice processes are not fully understood. The present study recorded mouse movement trajectories while eighteen children aged 8-13 years were choosing between eating and rejecting foods. Children were inclined to choose to eat rather than to reject foods, and preferred unhealthy foods over healthy foods, implying that rejecting unhealthy foods could be a demanding choice...
October 1, 2016: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27331358/preliminary-outcomes-of-a-cross-site-cognitive-behavioral-and-neuromuscular-integrative-training-intervention-for-juvenile-fibromyalgia
#13
Susan T Tran, Jessica W Guite, Ashley Pantaleao, Megan Pfeiffer, Gregory D Myer, Soumitri Sil, Staci M Thomas, Tracy V Ting, Sara E Williams, Barbara Edelheit, Sylvia Ounpuu, Jennifer Rodriguez-MacClintic, Lawrence Zemel, William Zempsky, Susmita Kashikar-Zuck
OBJECTIVE: Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) is effective in reducing disability among youth with juvenile fibromyalgia (JFM); however, engagement in moderate-vigorous physical activity remains poor even after CBT. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the feasibility and preliminary outcomes of an innovative program combining CBT with specialized neuromuscular exercise; the Fibromyalgia Integrative Training for Teens (FIT Teens) program. METHODS: Adolescents with JFM (n = 22, all female, ages 12-18) from two urban children's hospitals participated in the eight-week FIT Teens intervention...
June 22, 2016: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27261171/a-cybercycling-intervention-to-improve-behavioral-regulation-and-classroom-functioning-among-children-with-behavioral-health-disorders-pragmatic-randomized-trial-design-for-manville-moves
#14
Kirsten Davison, April Bowling, Jeanette Garcia, Brian Wood, Robert Hermesch, James Prince, Amanda Hayes, Richard Kow, Sami Newlan, James Slavet
While positive and clinically meaningful effects of exercise on cognition and behavior in children have been demonstrated in controlled experimental settings, they have rarely been translated and rigorously evaluated in real-world environments. In particular, there is a lack of research on school-based approaches to sustainable physical activity and exercise interventions targeting children with behavioral health disorders. Manville Moves is an exercise intervention designed to improve behavioral regulation and classroom functioning among children with neurodevelopmental and affective disorders within a therapeutic day-school environment...
July 2016: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27242629/physical-activity-in-the-school-setting-cognitive-performance-is-not-affected-by-three-different-types-of-acute-exercise
#15
Vera van den Berg, Emi Saliasi, Renate H M de Groot, Jelle Jolles, Mai J M Chinapaw, Amika S Singh
Recent studies indicate that a single bout of physical exercise can have immediate positive effects on cognitive performance of children and adolescents. However, the type of exercise that affects cognitive performance the most in young adolescents is not fully understood. Therefore, this controlled study examined the acute effects of three types of 12-min classroom-based exercise sessions on information processing speed and selective attention. The three conditions consisted of aerobic, coordination, and strength exercises, respectively...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27183121/cardiorespiratory-fitness-is-associated-with-better-executive-function-in-young-women
#16
Samuel P Scott, Mary Jane DE Souza, Karsten Koehler, Dylan L Petkus, Laura E Murray-Kolb
PURPOSE: A positive association between cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) and cognitive function has been demonstrated mainly in children and older adults. Women attending college live in a cognitively demanding setting where optimal cognition matters but often experience declines in CRF. Our aim was to test whether CRF is associated with executive function in young adult women. METHODS: Participants in this cross-sectional study included 120 healthy women age 18-35 yr in a university setting...
October 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27178060/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-an-integrated-brain-body-and-social-intervention-for-children-with-adhd
#17
Stephanie D Smith, Lawrence A Vitulano, Liliya Katsovich, Shuaixing Li, Christina Moore, Fenghua Li, Heidi Grantz, Xixi Zheng, Virginia Eicher, Selin Aktan Guloksuz, Yi Zheng, Jinxia Dong, Denis G Sukhodolsky, James F Leckman
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the efficacy of an Integrated Brain, Body, and Social (IBBS) intervention for children with ADHD. Treatment consisted of computerized cognitive remediation training, physical exercises, and a behavior management strategy. METHOD: Ninety-two children aged 5 to 9 years with ADHD were randomly assigned to 15 weeks of IBBS or to treatment-as-usual. Primary outcome measures included blinded clinician ratings of ADHD symptoms and global clinical functioning...
May 13, 2016: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27176046/physical-activity-and-cognitive-trajectories-in-schoolchildren
#18
Mónica López-Vicente, Joan Forns, Mikel Esnaola, Elisabet Suades-González, Mar Álvarez-Pedrerol, Oliver Robinson, Jordi Júlvez, Judith Garcia-Aymerich, Jordi Sunyer
PURPOSE: The evidence regarding the role of physical activity (PA) habits on cognitive development in children is still scarce. Our study aimed to assess the association between PA habits and cognitive growth patterns, including working memory (WM) and inattentiveness in a large sample of primary schoolchildren. METHOD: This study included 2,897 children between 7 and 10 years old. WM was measured using the n-back task (2- and 3-back) and inattentiveness was measured using the attentional network task (ANT) on four occasions during one year...
August 2016: Pediatric Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27155443/postpartum-practice-guidelines-for-clinical-practice-from-the-french-college-of-gynaecologists-and-obstetricians-cngof
#19
Marie-Victoire Sénat, Loïc Sentilhes, Anne Battut, Dan Benhamou, Sarah Bydlowski, Anne Chantry, Xavier Deffieux, Flore Diers, Muriel Doret, Chantal Ducroux-Schouwey, Florent Fuchs, Geraldine Gascoin, Chantal Lebot, Louis Marcellin, Genevieve Plu-Bureau, Brigitte Raccah-Tebeka, Emmanuel Simon, Gérard Bréart, Loïc Marpeau
OBJECTIVE: To make evidence-based recommendations for the postpartum management of women and their newborns, regardless of the mode of delivery. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Systematic review of articles from the PubMed database and the Cochrane Library and of recommendations from the French and foreign societies or colleges of obstetricians. RESULTS: Because breast-feeding is associated with reductions in neonatal, infantile, and childhood morbidity (lower frequency of cardiovascular, infectious, and atopic diseases and infantile obesity) (LE2) and improved cognitive development in children (LE2), exclusive and extended breastfeeding is recommended (grade B) for at least 4-6 months (professional consensus)...
July 2016: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27134376/effect-of-dual-task-training-on-postural-stability-in-children-with-infantile-hemiparesis
#20
Elbadawi Ibrahim Mohammad Elhinidi, Marwa Mostafa Ibrahim Ismaeel, Tamer Mohamed El-Saeed
[Purpose] The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of using a selected dual-task training program to improve postural stability in infantile hemiparesis. [Subjects and Methods] Thirty patients participated in this study; patients were classified randomly into two equal groups: study and control groups. Both groups received conventional physical therapy treatment including mobility exercises, balance exercises, gait training exercises, and exercises to improve physical conditioning. In addition, the study group received a selected dual-task training program including balance and cognitive activities...
March 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
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