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very early arthritis

Ismet H Bajraktari, Blerim Krasniqi, Sylejman Rexhepi, Sadi Bexheti, Elton Bahtiri, Halit Bajraktari, Besim Luri
BACKGROUND: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune inflammatory disease characterised by intra-articular and extra-articular manifestations but very rarely with coxitis. AIM: This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of coxitis, clinical changes, and its correlation with the parameters of inflammatory activity. METHODS: A cohort of 951 patients diagnosed with ACR/EULAR (American College of Rheumatology/European League against Rheumatism) 2010 criteria was enrolled in this prospective, observational and analytic research study...
February 15, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
Alberto Lo Gullo, Javier Rodríguez-Carrio, Caterina Oriana Aragona, Giuseppe Dattilo, Concetta Zito, Ana Suárez, Saverio Loddo, Marco Atteritano, Antonino Saitta, Giuseppe Mandraffino
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Cardiovascular (CV) morbidity is increased in inflammatory joint diseases (IJD), as rheumatoid (RA) and psoriatic arthritis (PsA). Whereas increased prevalence of subclinical atherosclerosis has been reported in these conditions, whether an early myocardial functionality is also impaired remains unknown. The aim of this study was to evaluate the myocardial functionality by speckle-tracking echocardiography (STE) in recent onset RA and PsA patients and its potential associations with the levels of circulating CD34 +  cells, vitamin D, and with disease activity...
March 2, 2018: Atherosclerosis
Emma C de Moel, Veerle F A M Derksen, Gerrie Stoeken, Leendert A Trouw, Holger Bang, Robbert J Goekoop, Irene Speyer, Tom W J Huizinga, Cornelia F Allaart, René E M Toes, Diane van der Woude
BACKGROUND: The autoantibody profile of seropositive rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is very diverse and consists of various isotypes and antibodies to multiple post-translational modifications. It is yet unknown whether this varying breadth of the autoantibody profile is associated with treatment outcomes. Therefore, we investigated whether the composition of the autoantibody profile in RA, as a marker of the underlying immunopathology, influences initial and long-term treatment outcomes. METHODS: In serum from 399 seropositive patients with RA in the IMPROVED study, drawn at baseline and at the moment of drug tapering, we measured IgG, IgM, and IgA isotypes for anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide-2 and anti-carbamylated protein antibodies, IgM and IgA rheumatoid factor, and reactivity against four citrullinated and two acetylated peptides (anti-modified protein antibodies (AMPAs))...
February 26, 2018: Arthritis Research & Therapy
Jingfeng Zhang, Junli Wang, Xiongwei Mao, Zhengang Li
RATIONALE: Synovial cysts are well known in rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and most common in the popliteal fossa. They may produce lots of local symptoms and complaints, which may present initially as an unrelated clinical condition. Few studies have reported multiple extra-articular synovial cysts (MESCs) in the RA patients. Early diagnosis is crucial for patient treatment. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 50-year-old man without any special clinical histories found a soya bean size bump at the left elbow medially, then multiple lumps were found at bilateral elbows and gradually increasing...
February 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Willem J J Falkenburg, Helen J von Richthofen, Jana Koers, Cas Weykamp, Marco W J Schreurs, Liesbeth E Bakker-Jonges, Inez-Anne Haagen, Willem F Lems, Dörte Hamann, Dirkjan van Schaardenburg, Theo Rispens
BACKGROUND: Accurate measurements of rheumatoid factors (RFs), autoantibodies binding IgG, are important for diagnosing rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and for predicting disease course. Worldwide, various RF assays are being used that differ in technique and target antigens. We studied whether assay choice leads to clinically important discrepancies in RF status and level. METHODS: RF measurements using four commercial RF assays were compared in 32 RF+ samples. Using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs), the influence of the target antigen source - human IgG (hIgG) versus rabbit IgG (rIgG) - on measured RF levels was investigated in arthralgia patients and RA patients...
February 10, 2018: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine: CCLM
Rohit Singhal, Tariq Kwaees, Mohamed Mohamed, Miltiadis Argyropoulos, Pradeep Amarasinghe, E M Toh
BACKGROUND: Arthrodesis of the first metatarsophalangeal joint (MTPJ) is a common procedure to treat significant first MTPJ arthritis. However, dorsal plates used for this have been associated with high incidence of metalwork removal. The IOFIX (Intra-Osseous FIXation) is a fixed angle device that is noted to provide a more uniform compression over a larger aspect of the fusion surfaces than a screw construct alone with the advantage of minimizing soft tissue irritation which can reduce the need for subsequent implant removal...
June 1, 2017: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
Sandra L Goss, Cheri E Klein, Ziyi Jin, Charles S Locke, Ramona C Rodila, Hartmut Kupper, Gerd-Rudiger Burmester, Walid M Awni
PURPOSE: Methotrexate (MTX) and adalimumab are well-recognized treatments of rheumatoid arthritis (RA), the efficacy of which may be driven by intracellular polyglutamates (PGs). The aim of this analysis was to characterize MTX PG concentrations and adalimumab pharmacokinetics in the CONCERTO trial. In addition, the relationships between MTX dose/pharmacokinetics, adalimumab pharmacokinetics, and efficacy were evaluated. METHODS: CONCERTO was a double-blind, parallel-arm study in patients with early RA randomized to adalimumab 40 mg SC every other week plus blinded MTX 2...
February 2018: Clinical Therapeutics
Josef S Smolen, Annette Szumski, Andrew S Koenig, Thomas V Jones, Lisa Marshall
BACKGROUND: The aim was to analyze characteristics that predict remission induction and subsequent loss of remission in patients with moderately active rheumatoid arthritis (RA) who received full-dose combination etanercept plus methotrexate induction therapy followed by reduced-dose etanercept or etanercept withdrawal. METHODS: Patients with Disease Activity Score based on 28-joint count (DAS28) >3.2 and ≤5.1 received open-label etanercept 50 mg once weekly (QW) plus methotrexate for 36 weeks...
January 16, 2018: Arthritis Research & Therapy
Bruno Vidal, Rita Cascão, Mikko A J Finnilä, Inês P Lopes, Simo Saarakkala, Peter Zioupos, Helena Canhão, João E Fonseca
INTRODUCTION: Arthritis induces joint erosions and skeletal bone fragility. OBJECTIVES: The main goal of this work was to analyze the early arthritis induced events at bone architecture and mechanical properties at tissue level. METHODS: Eighty-eight Wistar rats were randomly housed in experimental groups, as follows: adjuvant induced arthritis (AIA) (N = 47) and a control healthy group (N = 41). Rats were monitored during 22 days for the inflammatory score, ankle perimeter and body weight and sacrificed at different time points (11 and 22 days post disease induction)...
2018: PloS One
M Lorrot, Y Gillet, C Gras Le Guen, E Launay, R Cohen, E Grimprel
Acute hematogenous bone and joint infections (osteomyelitis, septic arthritis, osteoarthritis, and spondylodiscitis) affect more frequently children younger than 5 years of age. Early diagnosis and prompt treatment are needed to limit the risk of complications. Children with suspected bone and joint infections (BJI) should be hospitalized at the beginning of treatment. Surgical drainage is indicated in patients with septic arthritis and in those with periosteal abscess. Staphylococcus aureus is involved in BJIs in children at all ages; Kingella kingae is a very common causative pathogen in children under 4 years of age...
December 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
P Gisondi, G Altomare, F Ayala, A Conti, P Dapavo, C De Simone, C Foti, L Idolazzi, E Lubrano, G Malara, A Marchesoni, I Olivieri, A Parodi, K Peris, S Piaserico, C Salvarani, R Scarpa, G Girolomoni
BACKGROUND: Psoriatic arthritis (PsA) is a chronic inflammatory disease associated with psoriasis (PsO). Early diagnosis and prompt therapeutic intervention are crucial for limiting PsA progression and prevention of disability. Dermatologists are in a privileged position to detect early PsA. The management of patients with PsA in the dermatology setting is widely variable. OBJECTIVE: To provide practical recommendations for the management of patients with PsA in the dermatology setting including early diagnosis and treatment...
December 8, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
Edyta Brzustewicz, Izabella Henc, Agnieszka Daca, Maria Szarecka, Malgorzata Sochocka-Bykowska, Jacek Witkowski, Ewa Bryl
Introduction: Currently used clinical scale and laboratory markers to monitor patients with early rheumatoid arthritis (RA) seem to be not sufficient. It has been demonstrated that disease- related cytokines may be elevated very early in RA development and cytokines are considered as the biomarkers potentially useful for RA monitoring. Material and methods: The group of patients with undifferentiated arthritis (UA) developing RA (UA→RA) was identified from a total of 121 people with arthralgia...
2017: Central-European Journal of Immunology
Masaki Shimizu, Mao Mizuta, Takahiro Yasumi, Naomi Iwata, Yuka Okura, Noriko Kinjo, Hiroaki Umebayashi, Tomohiro Kubota, Yasuo Nakagishi, Kenichi Nishimura, Masato Yashiro, Junko Yasumura, Kazuko Yamazaki, Hiroyuki Wakiguchi, Nami Okamoto, Masaaki Mori
OBJECTIVE: To validate whether the 2016 ACR/EULAR classification criteria of macrophage activation syndrome (MAS) complicating systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis (s-JIA) is practical in the real world. METHODS: A combination of expert consensus and analysis of real patient data was conducted by a panel of 15 paediatric rheumatologists. Sixty five profiles comprised 18 patients with s-JIA-associated MAS and 47 patients with active s-JIA without evidence of MAS...
December 1, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
Martina Burlando, Emanuele Cozzani, Irene Schiavetti, Stefano Cicchelli, Marco Repetto, Gianluca Rossotto, Enrico Scaparro, Aurora Parodi
BACKGROUND: Psoriatic arthritis (PsA) is an inflammatory arthritis associated with psoriasis in up to one third of psoriatic patients. Clinically it's characterized from an insidious onset. To help clinicians screen for PsA, several screening tools have been developed. The psoriatic arthritis screening and evaluation questionnaire (PASE) is one of the most used in the Psocare units. The sensibility of PASE is of 83% with a cut off of 47 or greater. The aim of our study is to create an Italian self-administered questionnaire, lighter than the PASE, able to identify patients who need a rheumatologic consultation...
November 30, 2017: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
Serdar Yuksel, Cem Albay
Traumatic hip dislocations are very rare in the pediatric population, and they are real emergent cases that can occur with minimal trauma. If they are not diagnosed immediately and reduction is not performed as soon as possible, they may cause problems such as avascular necrosis and degenerative arthritis. Performing reduction within the first 6 hours is of vital importance.We aim to present the functional outcomes and radiographic results of 2 pediatric traumatic hip dislocation cases with 36 months of follow-up who were treated with abduction orthosis after the reduction...
November 20, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
Raju Vaishya, Amit Kumar Agarwal, Paras Kumar Banka, Vipul Vijay, Abhishek Vaish
Introduction: Insufficiency fractures (IFs) are a subtype of stress fractures commonly associated with osteoporosis and Vitamin D deficiency. These nontraumatic fractures often occur in the pelvis and spine, but the involvement of other unusual sites is also not very uncommon. Plain radiographs and magnetic resonance imaging scan are the most commonly used imaging modalities for the diagnosis of IF. Case Report: We are presenting a series of five cases of IFs at unusual sites, along with a detailed literature review on this individual...
July 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
Amir Rashid, Lis Cordingley, Roberto Carrasco, Helen E Foster, Eileen M Baildam, Alice Chieng, Joyce E Davidson, Lucy R Wedderburn, Yiannis Ioannou, Flora McErlane, Suzanne M M Verstappen, Kimme L Hyrich, Wendy Thomson
OBJECTIVES: Pain is a very common symptom of juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). Disease activity alone cannot explain symptoms of pain in all children, suggesting other factors may be relevant. The objectives of this study were to describe the different patterns of pain experienced over time in children with JIA and to identify predictors of which children are likely to experience ongoing pain. METHODS: This study used longitudinal-data from patients (aged 1-16 years) with new-onset JIA...
November 25, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
Huajun Xu, Yingchun Zhang, Huimei Zhang, Caishan Wang, Pan Mao
BACKGROUND: As an irreversible disease, a treatment delay can negatively affect treatment response in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Ultrasound and MRI have played an important role in assessing disease progression and response to treatment in RA for many years. The present study was designed to compare the diagnostic efficacy of ultrasound grading and MRI in early RA. METHODS: In this retrospective study, 62 early RA patients within 12 months of symptom onset were included...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
Geetha N Towdur, Amarnath P Upasi, Umashankara Kagathur Veerabhadrappa, Kirthikumar Rai
Tuberculosis (TB) is a very common health problem in developing nations such as India. It can present as its primary form or as secondary forms (extrapulmonary TB). Maxillofacial manifestations of TB compose nearly 10% of all extrapulmonary manifestations of the disease. Extrapulmonary TB involving the maxillofacial region is very rare and can present in any tissues in this region. These infections generally involve the head and neck through hematogenous or lymphatic routes. Very few cases of primary TB of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) have been reported in the literature...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Tomohiro Shimizu, Hyo Jin Choi, Ursula Heilmeier, Matthew Tanaka, Andrew J Burghardt, Jingshan Gong, Nattagan Chanchek, Thomas M Link, Jonathan Graf, John B Imboden, Xiaojuan Li
BACKGROUND: Although one study showed minimal progression of erosions in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) one year after TNFα inhibition therapy, no studies have investigated very early bone changes after initiation of anti-TNFα treatment. We investigated the effects of 3-month anti-TNFα treatment on bone erosion progression and bone microarchitecture in RA patients using high-resolution peripheral quantitative computed tomography (HR-pQCT). METHODS: Patients with RA (n = 27) (17 in the anti-TNFα and 10 in the MTX-only group) underwent assessment of disease activity score in 28 joints (DAS-28), radiographs, 3-T magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and HR-pQCT of metacarpophalangeal and wrist joints at baseline and 3 months...
October 4, 2017: Arthritis Research & Therapy
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