keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Trigeminal neuralgia and nerve

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351686/basilar-artery-ectasia-causing-trigeminal-neuralgia-an-evolved-technique-of-transpositional-suture-pexy
#1
Harminder Singh, Harley Brito da Silva, Mehdi Zeinalizadeh, Turki Elarjani, David Straus, Laligam N Sekhar
BACKGROUND: Microvascular decompression for patients with trigeminal neuralgia (TGN) is widely accepted as one of the modalities of treatment. The standard approach has been retrosigmoid suboccipital craniotomy with placement of a Teflon pledget to cushion the trigeminal nerve from the offending artery, or cauterize and divide the offending vein(s). However, in cases of severe compression caused by a large artery, the standard decompression technique may not be effective. OBJECTIVE: To describe a unique technique of vasculopexy of the ectatic basilar artery to the tentorium in a patient with TGN attributed to a severely ectatic and tortuous basilar artery...
February 1, 2018: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334519/the-most-common-causes-of-eye-pain-at-2-tertiary-ophthalmology-and-neurology-clinics
#2
Randy C Bowen, Jan N Koeppel, Chance D Christensen, Karisa B Snow, Junjie Ma, Bradley J Katz, Howard R Krauss, Klara Landau, Judith E A Warner, Alison V Crum, Dominik Straumann, Kathleen B Digre
BACKGROUND: Eye pain is a common complaint, but no previous studies have determined the most common causes of this presenting symptom. Our objective was to determine the most common causes of eye pain in 2 ophthalmology and neurology departments at academic medical centers. METHODS: This was a retrospective cross-sectional analysis and chart review at the departments of ophthalmology and neurology at the University Hospital Zurich (USZ), University of Zürich, Switzerland, and the University of Utah (UU), USA...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Neuro-ophthalmology: the Official Journal of the North American Neuro-Ophthalmology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305127/7-0tesla-mri-tractography-in-patients-with-trigeminal-neuralgia
#3
Hyeong Cheol Moon, Soon-Tae You, Hyeon Man Baek, Young Jai Jeon, Chan-A Park, Jei Jun Cheong, Youn Joo Lee, Young Seok Park
7.0Tesla(T) high-resolution diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) can supply information on changing microstructures in cranial nerves. We investigated DTI parameters and the feasibility of DTI criteria for diagnosing trigeminal neuralgia (TN). In this study, 14 patients (28 hemispheres) of mean age 49.0years (range, 31-64) with TN underwent DTI using 7.0TMRI. We compared fractional anisotropy (FA), axial diffusivity (AD), mean diffusivity (MD), and radial diffusivity (RD) of affected-side and unaffected-side trigeminal nerves using DTI...
January 2, 2018: Magnetic Resonance Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288851/flat-posterior-cranial-fossa-affects-outcomes-of-microvascular-decompression-for-trigeminal-neuralgia
#4
Toshiki Fukuoka, Yusuke Nishimura, Masahito Hara, Kei Nomura, Hiroshi Ryu, Satoshi Yoshikawa, Toshihiko Wakabayashi
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate prognostic factors for microvascular decompression (MVD) in patients with primary trigeminal neuralgia (TN), with a particular focus on the morphology of the posterior cranial fossa (PCF). METHODS: The present study investigated 126 surgically treated primary TN patients with more than 1-year follow-up who underwent high-resolution magnetic resonance imaging between April 2003 and September 2015. We retrospectively reviewed clinical information and operative findings...
December 27, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286997/microvascular-decompression-for-trigeminal-neuralgia-due-to-venous-compression-alone
#5
Yonghui Zhao, Xiang Zhang, Junchao Yao, Heyang Li, Yong Jiang
Microvascular decompression (MVD) has been confirmed as an effective treatment of trigeminal neuralgia (TN); however, most previous reports just focused on MVD for TN caused by arterial conflict, there is a paucity of information about its use in venous compression causing TN. In the present study, the authors summarize 5-year experience of MVD for primary TN due to venous compression alone. Thirty-four patients with primary TN caused solely by veins underwent MVD. The presenting symptoms, key operative notes, surgical outcomes together with complications were reviewed...
January 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279736/treatment-of-facial-pain-with-i-ching-balance-acupuncture
#6
Arkady Kotlyar
Background: Trigeminal neuralgia (TN) is the most common cranial neuralgia in adults, with a slightly higher incidence in women than in men. This chronic pain condition affects the trigeminal nerve, also known as the 5th cranial nerve. It is one of the most deeply distributed nerves in the head. Antiseizure drugs are the main biomedical treatment of TN. However, TN is not the only source of facial pain. Background persistent idiopathic facial pain (PIFP) is also a chronic disorder, recurring daily for more than 2 hours per day over more than 3 months...
December 1, 2017: Medical Acupuncture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277624/wider-range-of-allodynia-in-a-rat-model-of-repeated-dural-nociception-compared-with-infraorbital-nerve-chronic-constriction-injury
#7
Guanqun Hu, Mingjie Zhang, Min Su, Qing Zhang, Hangfei Wu, Xiaolin Wang, Zhao Dong, Shengyuan Yu
BACKGROUND: To identify differences in allodynia and grooming behaviours between rat models of either repeated dural nociception with inflammatory soup (IS) or infraorbital nerve chronic constriction injury (IoN-CCI). METHODS: Repeated dural nociception was induced via the application of IS to the dural meninges and IoN-CCI was applied to model neuropathic pain. All surgeries were performed on the right side and a sham operation was performed on the control group...
December 23, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275608/-application-of-the-supine-position-in-microsurgery-for-lesions-of-the-cerebellopontine-angle
#8
J Q Li, G Chen, X Li, Z Wang, D Zhou
Objective: To validate the usefulness of the supine position in microsurgery for lesions of the cerebellopontine angle (CPA) by the retrosigmoid approach. Methods: Thirty-nine patients with lesions (22 cases of tumor, 11 cases of trigeminal neuralgia and 6 cases of hemifacial spasm) of the CPA underwent tumor resection surgery or microvascular decompression surgery (MVDS). The patients were operated on in the supine position by retrosigmoid approach with the head turned 50 to 60 degrees away from the lesion and with slight forward flexion of the neck...
December 12, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260062/cavernous-sinus-syndrome-associated-with-metastatic-colorectal-cancer-and-perineural-spread-along-the-trigeminal-nerve
#9
Georges Nassrallah, Vincent Sun, Marie-Christine Guiot, Mikel Mikhail, Bryan Arthurs
Purpose: We report the case of a patient with cavernous sinus syndrome associated with biopsy-confirmed metastasis from colorectal cancer. Observations: A patient known for laryngeal carcinoma and metastatic colorectal carcinoma presented with symptoms of left trigeminal neuralgia and progressive, near-complete ophthalmoplegia. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed a mass in the left cavernous sinus, extending into Meckel's cave with perineural spread along the mandibular branch of the left trigeminal nerve...
June 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251516/a-technique-to-assess-perineuronal-mediators
#10
Andreas Goebel, Maggie Kitman Lee, Francesco Cacciola, Andy Cross, Paul Eldridge
Perineural activity of a variety of inflammatory and immune system mediators can activate peripheral nerves leading to the perception of pain. One example of such effects includes the activity of interleukin 1 beta (IL-1β); this inflammatory mediator, upon binding to IL-1R1 neuronal membrane receptors will rapidly induce protein kinases in damage-sensing neurons, consequently altering heat-activated ionic inward currents leading to increased neuronal sensitivity to harmful heat. The ability to detect such mediators in proximity to sensory nerves is therefore crucial to investigating the contributing roles of inflammation in human chronic pain...
December 18, 2017: British Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203312/microvascular-decompression-for-treatment-of-trigeminal-neuralgia-factors-that-predict-complete-pain-relief-and-study-of-efficacy-and-safety-in-older-patients
#11
Sarun Nunta-Aree, Kasemsak Patiwech, Bunpot Sitthinamsuwan
OBJECTIVE: Microvascular decompression (MVD) is an effective method for directly treating the etiology of trigeminal neuralgia (TGN). This study aims to investigate the factors that predict complete pain relief after MVD for treatment of TGN, and to study efficacy and safety in older patients. METHODS: This study was conducted in patients with TGN that were treated by MVD at Siriraj Hospital between 2004 and 2015. Cases with secondary TGN were excluded. Data was gathered from medical records, preoperative magnetic resonance imaging, intraoperative findings, and by telephone in patients lost to follow-up...
December 2, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201285/familial-trigeminal-neuralgia-treated-with-stereotactic-radiosurgery-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#12
Ryan A Denu, Stephen A Rosenberg, Steven P Howard
Background: Trigeminal neuralgia (TN) is a chronic pain condition characterized by brief episodes of lancinating pain in one or more distributions of the trigeminal nerve. Episodes of pain secondary to TN are triggered by certain stimuli, such as chewing, shaving, or touching the face. Although a common cause of TN is compression of the trigeminal nerve root entry zone by an artery or vein, many cases of TN are idiopathic. However, there have been limited reports in the literature of familial TN...
June 2017: Journal of Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199767/oxcarbazepine-for-neuropathic-pain
#13
REVIEW
Muke Zhou, Ning Chen, Li He, Mi Yang, Cairong Zhu, Fengbo Wu
BACKGROUND: Several anticonvulsant drugs are used in the management of neuropathic pain. Oxcarbazepine is an anticonvulsant drug closely related to carbamazepine. Oxcarbazepine has been reported to be efficacious in the treatment of neuropathic pain, but evidence from randomised controlled trials (RCTs) is conflicting. Oxcarbazepine is reportedly better tolerated than carbamazepine. This is the first update of a review published in 2013. OBJECTIVES: To assess the benefits and harms of oxcarbazepine for different types of neuropathic pain...
December 2, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194276/modified-backward-avulsion-used-in-the-treatment-of-third-branch-primary-trigeminal-neuralgia
#14
Chao Liang, Xiao-Yu Wang, Jun Li, Min Zhang, Hong-Fei Liu
OBJECTIVE: A clinical retrospective study was performed to observe the clinical effect of a modified surgical treatment for third-branch primary trigeminal neuralgia. METHOD: Thirty patients who had suffered from neuralgia for several years underwent modified backward avulsion of the inferior alveolar nerve and were followed for 3 to 5 years. In this technique, the inferior alveolar nerve was cut off through the mandibular wisdom tooth extraction socket or the corresponding alveolar ridge window and was avulsed from the mental foramen...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192861/ectopic-brain-tissue-in-the-trigeminal-nerve-presenting-as-rapid-onset-trigeminal-neuralgia-case-report
#15
Jeffrey H Zimering, Jonathan J Stone, Audrey Paulzak, John D Markman, Mahlon D Johnson, G Edward Vates
The authors report the case of a 52-year-old man who presented with rapid-onset lancinating facial pain consistent with trigeminal neuralgia. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a nonenhancing small lesion on the right trigeminal nerve concerning for an atypical schwannoma or neuroma. The patient underwent resection of the mass via a right retrosigmoid approach. His facial pain completely resolved immediately postoperatively and had not recurred at 6 months after surgery. The mass was consistent with normal brain tissue (neurons and glial cells) without evidence of mitoses...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177630/intraoperative-monitoring-of-sensory-part-of-the-trigeminal-nerve-using-blink-reflex-during-microvascular-decompression-for-trigeminal-neuralgia
#16
Valentina Simioni, J G Capone, E Sette, E Granieri, M Farneti, M A Cavallo, V Tugnoli
Intraoperative monitoring during cerebellopontine angle surgery is widely accepted. While techniques which monitor cranial motor nerves are commonly used, monitoring the sensory afferents has been challenging. Considering the reflex arc, blink reflex (BR) might be useful in monitoring the sensory part of the trigeminal nerve, the brainstem connections and the facial nerve. We describe the case of a patient who developed hemifacial hypoesthesia after microvascular decompression surgery for trigeminal neuralgia...
November 25, 2017: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175572/gamma-knife-surgery-for-recurrent-trigeminal-neuralgia-in-cases-with-previous-microvascular-decompression
#17
Yi Wang, ShiZhen Zhang, Wei Wang, XiaoPing Gao, FeiLong Gong, Yuan Gao, YangYang Xu, Peng Li
BACKGROUND: Microvascular decompression (MVD) and Gamma Knife surgery (GKS) are the primary treatments for trigeminal neuralgia (TN). However, many patients require further surgical treatment after initial surgery for recurrent TN. The aim of this study was to evaluate efficacy and safety of GKS for recurrent TN cases with prior MVD. METHODS: From October 2008 to June 2015, 658 patients at West China Hospital underwent GKS as the only surgical treatment, and 42 patients underwent GKS with prior MVD...
November 22, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165672/trans-sylvian-approach-to-microvascular-decompression-for-trigeminal-neuralgia-in-syndromic-cranial-base-settling
#18
Mrityunjoy Sarkar, Ashok Pillai
BACKGROUND AND IMPORTANCE: The lateral suboccipital approach for microvascular decompression (MVD) of the trigeminal nerve has become a standard-of-care over the past several decades. Syndromic cranial base settling, a rare but known cause for trigeminal neuralgia (TN), poses significant dilemmas in clinical management. In such cases, distorted anatomy may render surgery via the suboccipital approach difficult or even impossible. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: A 34-yr-old male with osteogenesis imperfecta and severe basilar invagination suffered from TN that was refractory to medication and stereotactic radiosurgery...
November 18, 2017: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159152/cranial-nerve-palsy-after-onyx-embolization-as-a-treatment-for-cerebral-vascular-malformation
#19
Jong Min Lee, Kum Whang, Sung Min Cho, Jong Yeon Kim, Ji Woong Oh, Youn Moo Koo, Chul Hu, Jinsoo Pyen, Jong Wook Choi
The Onyx liquid embolic system is a relatively safe and commonly used treatment for vascular malformations, such as arteriovenous fistulas and arteriovenous malformations. However, studies on possible complications after Onyx embolization in patients with vascular malformations are limited, and the occurrence of cranial nerve palsy is occasionally reported. Here we report the progress of two different types of cranial nerve palsy that can occur after embolization. In both cases, Onyx embolization was performed to treat vascular malformations and ipsilateral oculomotor and facial nerve palsies were observed...
September 2017: Journal of Cerebrovascular and Endovascular Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136526/upbeat-nystagmus-is-a-useful-sign-in-the-regional-diagnosis-of-trigeminal-nerve-disorder-with-multiple-sclerosis
#20
Kiyotaka Nakamagoe, Naoki Tozaka, Seitaro Nohara, Rio Kawakami, Shiori Yamada, Tadachika Koganezawa, Akira Tamaoka
Trigeminal nerve disorder is an important neurological sign that is often seen with multiple sclerosis (MS). We investigated eye movements in three MS patients with trigeminal disorder due to pontine lesions near the trigeminal root entry zone (REZ). Upbeat nystagmus was observed in all MS patients with trigeminal REZ lesions. We conjecture that trigeminal nerve disorder and upbeat nystagmus appeared due to simultaneous damage to both the trigeminal nerve and the vestibulo-ocular reflex pathway. If upbeat nystagmus appears in MS patients exhibiting a trigeminal nerve disorder, such as trigeminal neuralgia, and paralysis, pontine lesions near the trigeminal REZ should be considered...
November 9, 2017: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
keyword
keyword
96460
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"