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Trigeminal neuralgia and nerve

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801514/bilateral-painful-tic-convulsif
#1
Valentina Fenech, Julian Cassar, Ludvic Zrinzo, Malcolm Vella
'Painful tic convulsif' (PTC) describes the coexistence of hemifacial spasm and trigeminal neuralgia. In this report, we describe a unique presentation of bilateral PTC in a man with bilateral hemifacial spasm and trigeminal neuralgia secondary to neurovascular conflict of all four cranial nerves. Following failed medical and radiofrequency therapy, microvascular decompression of three of the four involved nerves was performed, where the offending vessels were mobilised and Teflon used to prevent conflict recurrence...
August 11, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799873/-birdlime-technique-using-tachosil-tissue-sealing-sheet-soaked-with-fibrin-glue-for-sutureless-vessel-transposition-in-microvascular-decompression-operative-technique-and-nuances
#2
Naoki Otani, Terushige Toyooka, Kazuya Fujii, Kosuke Kumagai, Satoru Takeuchi, Arata Tomiyama, Yasuaki Nakao, Takuji Yamamoto, Kojiro Wada, Kentaro Mori
OBJECTIVE Microvascular decompression (MVD) is effective for the treatment of trigeminal neuralgia (TN), hemifacial spasm (HFS), and glossopharyngeal neuralgia. The transposition technique is the standard procedure to avoid adhesions and granuloma around the decompression site but is more complex and difficult to perform than the interposition technique. The authors describe a simple and safe MVD transposition procedure they call the "birdlime" technique, which uses a tissue glue-coated collagen sponge soaked with fibrin glue, and the results of this technique...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772087/selective-percutaneous-controlled-radiofrequency-thermocoagulation-of-the-gasserian-ganglion-to-control-facial-pain-due-to-medication-related-osteonecrosis-of-the-jaw
#3
Ayano Taniguchi, Keita Fukazawa, Toyoshi Hosokawa
BACKGROUND: Medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (MRONJ) is an important complication in patients treated with antiresorptive agents such as bisphosphonates and the receptor activator of nuclear factor κB ligand inhibitor (denosumab). Treatment of MRONJ is extremely difficult, which makes it a distressing long-term complication. OBJECTIVES: We report a case of intractable facial pain due to MRONJ that was successfully controlled with selective percutaneous controlled radiofrequency thermocoagulation of the Gasserian ganglion...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748271/the-emerging-role-of-gamma-knife-radiosurgery-in-the-management-of-glossopharyngeal-neuralgia
#4
REVIEW
Alfio Spina, Nicola Boari, Filippo Gagliardi, Michele Bailo, Carlotta Morselli, Sandro Iannaccone, Pietro Mortini
Glossopharyngeal neuralgia (GPN) represents a rare craniofacial disorder accounting for about 1% of all craniofacial pain syndromes. GPN shares several pathophysiologic and clinical features with the more common trigeminal neuralgia. Medical therapy and microvascular decompression, in case of vascular nerve compression, represented the mainstay of GPN management. Other ablative therapies have been reported to date; however, few data are available because of the rarity of this pain syndrome. Among the ablative procedures, gamma knife radiosurgery (GKRS) has been recently introduced in the management of GPN with good pain control and low complication rates...
July 26, 2017: Neurosurgical Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731977/interventions-for-neuropathic-pain-an-overview-of-systematic-reviews
#5
REVIEW
Svjetlana Dosenovic, Antonia Jelicic Kadic, Maja Miljanovic, Marina Biocic, Krste Boric, Marija Cavar, Nikolina Markovina, Katarina Vucic, Livia Puljak
Numerous interventions for neuropathic pain (NeuP) are available, but its treatment remains unsatisfactory. We systematically summarized evidence from systematic reviews (SRs) of randomized controlled trials on interventions for NeuP. Five electronic databases were searched up to March 2015. Study quality was analyzed using A Measurement Tool to Assess Systematic Reviews. The most common interventions in 97 included SRs were pharmacologic (59%) and surgical (15%). The majority of analyzed SRs were of medium quality...
August 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721330/truebeam-radiosurgery-for-the-treatment-of-trigeminal-neuralgia-preliminary-results-at-a-single-institution
#6
Mena G Kerolus, Neilayan Sen, Sonal Mayekar, Alistar Templeton, Julius Turian, Aidnag Diaz, Lorenzo Munoz, Richard W Byrne, Sepehr Sani
INTRODUCTION: Radiosurgery is now an established method of satisfactory pain control in patients with trigeminal neuralgia (TN). The Varian Truebeam STx (Varian Medical Systems, Palo Alto, CA) linear accelerator (LINAC) system is an arc-based, frameless stereotactic radiosurgery system used for the treatment of TN. To our knowledge, there has been only one published series of patient histories that documents the use of a frameless LINAC system for the treatment of TN. We describe the treatment parameters, patient outcomes, and complications associated with the treatment of TN...
June 16, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713629/abducent-nerve-palsy-after-microballoon-compression-of-the-trigeminal-ganglion-case-report
#7
Cassiano Marchi, Paulo Henrique Pires de Aguiar, Ana Maria Moura, Giovanna Matricardi, Carolina Utsunomya Muniz, Rogério Aires, Flávia Gehrke, Natally Santiago, Samuel Simis
BACKGROUND: Trigeminal neuralgia (TN) is the most common type of facial neuralgia with incidence of 26.8/100,000 person year. In general, this scenario is characterized by a lancinating, unilateral, paroxysmal pain in the area of the fifth cranial nerve. Several treatment methods, including the injection of ethyl alcohol or butyl alcohol into the ganglion, the glycerol injection into the trigeminal cistern, peripheral nerve divisions, the radiofrequency thermocoagulation of the preganglionic fibers, and radiosurgery has been used for TN...
2017: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710025/inhibitory-effects-of-tetramethylpyrazine-on-pain-transmission-of-trigeminal-neuralgia-in-cci-ion-rats
#8
Wei Xiong, Mengxia Tan, Lingkun He, Xiaoyan Ou, Youhong Jin, Guo Yang, Liping Huang, Yulin Shen, Shu Guan, Changshui Xu, Guilin Li, Shuangmei Liu, Hong Xu, Shangdong Liang, Yun Gao
Tetramethylpyrazine (TMP) has anti-inflammatory effects and is used to treat cerebral ischemic injury, but the mechanism of TMP on neural protection is not clear. Trigeminal neuralgia (TN) is a facial pain syndrome that is characterized by paroxysmal, shock-like pain attacks located in the somatosensory distribution of the trigeminal nerve. P2X3 receptor plays a crucial role in facilitating pain transmission. The present study investigates the effects of TMP on trigeminal neuralgia transmission mediated by P2X3 receptor of the trigeminal ganglia (TG)...
July 11, 2017: Brain Research Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708655/utility-of-brainstem-trigeminal-evoked-potentials-in-patients-with-primary-trigeminal-neuralgia-treated-by-microvascular-decompression
#9
Jin Zhu, Xin Zhang, Hua Zhao, Yin-Da Tang, Ting-Ting Ying, Shi-Ting Li
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the characteristics of brainstem trigeminal evoked potentials (BTEP) waveform in patients with and without trigeminal neuralgia (TN), and to discuss the utility of BTEP in patients with primary TN treated by microvascular decompression (MVD). METHODS: A retrospective review of 43 patients who underwent BTEP between January 2016 and June 2016, including 33 patients with TN who underwent MVD and 10 patients without TN. Brainstem trigeminal evoked potentials characteristics of TN and non-TN were summarized, in particular to compare the BTEP changes between pre- and post-MVD, and to discover the relationship between BTEP changes and surgical outcome...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702348/predicting-pain-relief-use-of-pre-surgical-trigeminal-nerve-diffusion-metrics-in-trigeminal-neuralgia
#10
Peter S-P Hung, David Q Chen, Karen D Davis, Jidan Zhong, Mojgan Hodaie
Trigeminal neuralgia (TN) is a chronic neuropathic facial pain disorder that commonly responds to surgery. A proportion of patients, however, do not benefit and suffer ongoing pain. There are currently no imaging tools that permit the prediction of treatment response. To address this paucity, we used diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) to determine whether pre-surgical trigeminal nerve microstructural diffusivities can prognosticate response to TN treatment. In 31 TN patients and 16 healthy controls, multi-tensor tractography was used to extract DTI-derived metrics-axial (AD), radial (RD), mean diffusivity (MD), and fractional anisotropy (FA)-from the cisternal segment, root entry zone and pontine segment of trigeminal nerves for false discovery rate-corrected Student's t-tests...
2017: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700369/pulsed-radiofrequency-in-chronic-pain
#11
Thibaut Vanneste, Astrid Van Lantschoot, Koen Van Boxem, Jan Van Zundert
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The increasing number of publications on pulsed radiofrequency (PRF) treatment of chronic pain reflects the interest for this technique. We summarize the literature for PRF in five indications: radicular pain, trigeminal neuralgia (TN), occipital neuralgia, shoulder and knee pain. RECENT FINDINGS: The efficacy and safety of PRF adjacent to the dorsal root ganglion was documented on cervical and on lumbar level.PRF has been used for the treatment of TN...
July 11, 2017: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690947/autoamputation-and-polyneuropathy-in-mixed-connective-tissue-disorder-a-case-report
#12
Syeda Naqvi, Vikash Talib, Razia Aijaz, Zeeshan Ali, Shehroz Bashir, Syed Masroor Ahmad, Shabnam Naveed
Mixed connective tissue disorder (MCTD) is a multisystem disease with overlapping features of other autoimmune diseases, such as systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), myositis, rheumatoid arthritis, and scleroderma. MCTD presents with a distinctive antibody in serum known as U1-ribonucleoprotein (RNP). MCTD is quite rare as compared to other connective tissue disorders like SLE, systemic sclerosis, dermatomyositis, and polymyositis. We describe a case of MCTD in a young Asian female of 30 year old. This case highlights rare co-existence of polyneuropathy and autoamputation in MCTD disorder...
June 5, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687469/endoscope-assisted-neurectomy-and-inferior-alveolar-nerve-avulsion-in-treating-trigeminal-neuralgia
#13
Daiying Huang, Shuangxi Zhu, Junbing Guo, Songling Chen
OBJECTIVE: To explore endoscope-assisted surgical treatment for idiopathic trigeminal neuralgia (TN), with neurectomy and avulsion of the inferior alveolar nerve (IAN), when patients are not willing to undergo intracranial procedures. CLINICAL MATERIALS AND METHODS: Five TN patients with inferior alveolar neuralgia in the mandibular branch were admitted; endoscope-assisted inferior alveolar neurectomy and avulsion was performed for TN treatment. Clinical observation and postoperative follow-up were conducted...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686948/posterior-communicating-artery-aneurysms-causing-facial-pain-a-comprehensive-review
#14
REVIEW
Javier Ros de San Pedro
Posterior communicating aneurysms are commonly associated with oculomotor nerve palsy. However, trigeminal nerve involvement among these aneurysms is a rare event with no previous analysis. In order to describe the main features of posterior communicating aneurysms causing trigeminal neuralgia (TGN-PComAAs) eight cases (six from the literature plus two more illustrative cases) were included in the present series. All cases were thoroughly studied in order to collect their epidemiological, radiological, clinical, therapeutic, pathogenic, and outcome data...
September 2017: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675346/trigeminal-neuralgia-caused-by-a-new-variant-of-persistent-trigeminal-artery-associated-with-agenesis-of-internal-carotid-artery
#15
Gorky Medhi, Hima Pendharkar, Karel terBrugge, Chandrajit Prasad, Arun Kumar Gupta
We report a hitherto undescribed persistent carotid vertebral anastomosis associated with ipsilateral internal carotid artery agenesis and bilateral duplication of the intradural vertebral arteries. This rare anomaly was detected on MRI, supplemented by CT angiography while evaluating for cause trigeminal neuralgia in a 37-year-old woman. The aberrant vessel was seen to cause thinning and lateral displacement of the left trigeminal nerve on CISS 3D images. Also noted was a bilateral vertebral artery duplication of the PSA variant with the posterior inferior cerebellar artery arising from the medial limb of the duplication on the left...
January 1, 2017: Interventional Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666502/bilateral-intractable-trigeminal-neuralgia-due-to-a-prepontine-epidermoid-tumour-an-unlikely-duo
#16
Muhammad Junaid, Mamoon Ur Rashid, Afeera Afsheen, Ayesha Tahir, Syed Sarmad Bukhari, Anisa Kalsoom
Prepontine epidermoid is a rare congenital tumour which arises during 3rd - 5th week of embryogenesis due to incomplete separation of neuroectoderm from surface ectoderm. This is slow growing benign tumour with late presentation in adult life. The clinical symptoms depend on the location of the tumour. In this case, the patient had intractable bilateral trigeminal neuralgia. The patient was given conservative treatment for 8 weeks with carbamazipine, but it did not respond to the neuralgic pain medication. Another trial of combined neuropathic medications including carbamazepine, gabapentin, pregabalin and baclofen were given for another 8 weeks, but the symptoms continued...
November 2016: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662876/herpes-zoster-involving-the-second-division-of%C3%A2-the-trigeminal-nerve-case-report-and-literature%C3%A2-review
#17
Rebecca Paquin, Lisiane F Susin, Garrett Welch, Jonathan B Barnes, Mark R Stevens, Franklin R Tay
Herpes zoster along the maxillary division of the trigeminal nerve is a rare condition that is caused by reactivation of the varicella zoster virus that resides within the trigeminal ganglion after the primary infection of chickenpox. The disease may be manifested as a toothache during its prodromal stage. The active stage of the disease is characterized by the appearance of a vesicular rash. Postherpetic neuralgia is a common complication of herpes zoster after resolution of the facial and intraoral symptoms...
June 26, 2017: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652174/trigeminal-neuralgia-tn-a-descriptive-literature-analysis-on-the-diagnosis-and-management-modalities
#18
A Alshukry, F Salburgo, L Jaloux, J-P Lavieille, M Montava
OBJECTIVE: The primary objective of this review is to explore the different aspects of the diagnosis and management of Trigeminal neuralgia (TN). We look at the role of radiological imaging in the work-up of this condition, and based on the findings in the literature, we report data on the medical and surgical management of TN. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A literature review was conducted using PubMed and Cochrane search engines in order to explore the data available on the diagnosis and management of TN...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Stomatology, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638946/nerve-atrophy-in-trigeminal-neuralgia-due-to-neurovascular-compression-and-its-association-with-surgical-outcomes-after-microvascular-decompression
#19
Jian Cheng, Jinli Meng, Wenke Liu, Heng Zhang, Xuhui Hui, Ding Lei
BACKGROUND: Idiopathic trigeminal neuralgia (TN) is caused by neurovascular compression and is often related to morphological changes in the trigeminal nerve. The aim of this study was to quantitatively measure atrophic changes of trigeminal nerves in patients with TN, and to further investigate whether nerve atrophy affected the efficacy of microvascular decompression (MVD). METHODS: We conducted a prospective case-control study of 60 consecutive patients with TN and 30 sex- and age-matched healthy controls...
June 21, 2017: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621622/glossopharyngeal-neuralgia-treated-by-gamma-knife-radiosurgery-safety-and-efficacy-through-long-term-follow-up
#20
Benjamin Pommier, Gustavo Touzet, Christian Lucas, Maximilien Vermandel, Serge Blond, Nicolas Reyns
OBJECTIVE Glossopharyngeal neuralgia (GPN) is a rare and disabling condition. Just as for trigeminal neuralgia, Gamma Knife radiosurgery (GKRS) is increasingly proposed as a therapeutic option for GPN. The purpose of this study was to assess long-term safety and efficacy of GKRS for this indication. METHODS From 2007 to 2015, 9 patients (4 male and 5 female) underwent a total of 10 GKRS procedures. All of the patients presented with GPN that was refractory to all medical treatment, and all had a long history of pain...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
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