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Teaching physical therapy

Kayi Eliacik, Nurullah Bolat, Cemil Koçyiğit, Ali Kanik, Ellen Selkie, Huseyin Yilmaz, Gonul Catli, Nihal Olgac Dundar, Bumin Nuri Dundar
BACKGROUND: The rapid rise in the global prevalence of obesity suggests that environmental factors may be responsible. The increased use of technology is associated with increased rates of obesity due to declines in physical activity and significant sedentary life style. Internet addiction is also a growing health issue associated with diminished physical activity and poor sleep quality as well as various health problems. The purpose of this study was to determine associations between Internet addiction and adolescent obesity-related problems...
October 18, 2016: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
David J Berkoff, Kamesh Krishnamurthy, Jennifer Hopp, Laura Stanley, Ken Spores, David Braunreiter
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The accurate performance of physical therapy exercises can be difficult. In this evolving healthcare climate it is important to continually look for better methods to educate patients. The use of handouts, in-person demonstration, and video instruction are all potential avenues used to teach proper exercise form. The purpose of this study was to examine if a corrected error video (CEV) would be as effective as a single visit with a physical therapist (PT) to teach healthy subjects how to properly perform four different shoulder rehabilitation exercises...
October 2016: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
Sara Boucher, Olivia Edwards, Andrew Gray, Shyamala Nada-Raja, Jason Lillis, Tracy L Tylka, Caroline C Horwath
BACKGROUND: Middle-aged women are at risk of weight gain and associated comorbidities. Deliberate restriction of food intake (dieting) produces short-term weight loss but is largely unsuccessful for long-term weight management. Two promising approaches for the prevention of weight gain are intuitive eating (ie, eating in accordance with hunger and satiety signals) and the development of greater psychological flexibility (ie, the aim of acceptance and commitment therapy [ACT]). OBJECTIVES: This pilot study investigated the usage, acceptability, and feasibility of "Mind, Body, Food," a Web-based weight gain prevention intervention prototype that teaches intuitive eating and psychological flexibility skills...
October 14, 2016: JMIR Research Protocols
Stephanie A Nixon, Euson Yeung, James A Shaw, Ayelet Kuper, Barbara E Gibson
Critical analysis (or the ability to recognize taken-for-granted assumptions and their effects) is a skill that requires teaching and practice. The purpose of this article is to introduce a framework for critically analyzing assumptions within physiotherapy and to illustrate its utility through application to two examples: a physiotherapy clinic logo and an outcome measure for health-related quality of life. This 7-step framework for critical analysis was created for a pilot project to develop reflexivity among senior physiotherapy students, and further developed through an iterative process of reflecting on its utility for advancing the field of physical therapy...
September 29, 2016: Physical Therapy
Soumaya Boudokhane, Amine Kalai, Aymen Haj Salah, Houda Migaou, Sana Salah, Anis Jellad, Mourad Gahbiche, Zohra Ben Salah Frih
OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to determine the demographic characteristics and the pathway of severe traumatic brain injury (STBI) victims in the Tunisian population. MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: Our study included 26 patients victims of STBI hospitalized in intensive care unit, among 450 traumatic head injuries admitted to the Teaching Hospital of Fattouma Bourguiba in Monastir during the year 2014. The studied parameters were: demographic characteristics of the population, circumstances of the accident, transport modalities to the hospital, assessments of the injury types, duration of coma, length of hospitalization in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) and finally the discharge mode after the ICU stay (transfer to neurosurgery ward, to rehabilitation unit, or home discharged)...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Pamela McCrorie, Pamela A Roberts, David Sainsbury, Duncan Boldy, Shelley Gower
Perceptions of first-semester BSN students (N = 220) who received education on patient moving and handling skills from either fourth-year physical therapy/physiotherapy student peer teachers (n = 8) or regular nurse educators were obtained via validated scales and focus groups. There was a significant increase in the mean scores of items concerning communication skills in both groups, with increased scores for all items in the peer-led group. The teaching skills of physical therapy/physiotherapy student peers were evaluated highly by the nursing students...
August 30, 2016: Nurse Educator
Yu-San Lee, Yu-Hsiu Kao
BACKGROUND: The skin reaction rate is 60-95% in cancer patients that receive radiation therapy. This therapy is likely to cause physical and mental discomfort and prolong treatment for patients. The current emphasis on lectures rather than practice to help nurses learn proper skin care practices likely imposes difficulties for nurses to handle various clinical situations. PURPOSE: To investigate the learning effectiveness of a simulated radiation therapy skin care workshop for nurses...
August 2016: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
Margaret W Bultas, Irma Ruebling, Anthony Breitbach, Judy Carlson
As the healthcare system of the United States becomes more complex, collaboration among health professionals is becoming an essential aspect in improving the health of individuals and populations. An interprofessional education course entitled "Health Care System and Health Promotion" was developed to allow health profession students to work and learn together about issues related to healthcare delivery, health promotion, and the effect of policy issues on key stakeholders in the system. A qualitative document analysis research design was used to evaluate the effect of this interprofessional course on students' views of the current healthcare system of the United States...
July 20, 2016: Journal of Interprofessional Care
Ralf Schiel, Alexander Kaps, Günter Stein, Antje Steveling
INTRODUCTION: Worldwide, overweight and obesity are known as posing serious health risks. Successful methods of prevention and therapy for overweight and obesity have remained elusive. It was the aim of the present trial to identify parameters and determinants to guarantee long-term weight reduction. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In total 143/159 children and adolescents (90%) with overweight and obesity completed the prospective, multicenter trial (age 13.9 ± 2.4 years, BMI 31...
2016: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
Brett Vaughan, Sandra Grace
BACKGROUND: Peer physical examination (PPE) is an efficient and practical educational approach whereby students can practise their examination skills on each other before commencing clinical practice with actual patients. Little is known about the use of PPE in osteopathy education. METHODS: Students in Year 1 of the osteopathy programs at Victoria University (Melbourne, Australia) and Southern Cross University (Lismore, Australia) completed the Examining Fellow Students and the Peer Physical Examination questionnaires prior to, and at the completion of, their first 12-week teaching session...
2016: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
Aline Silva Baldoino, Renata Meira Veras
is study aimed to raise and discuss the data about the integration of health courses teaching and service activities o ered at the Federal University of Bahia (UFBA), pre- senting scenarios practices and major di culties existing in the relationship between the university and the services of health. is was a qualitative study of descriptive explo- ratory character, using a questionnaire as a research tool applied to the coordinators of selected health courses. e selection was by reading the political pedagogical project, the following courses were selected: nursing, physical therapy, speech therapy, medicine, nu- trition, dentistry and public health...
June 2016: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
Emilio J Puentedura, Timothy Flynn
Teaching people with chronic low back pain (CLBP) about the neurobiology and neurophysiology of their pain is referred to as pain neuroscience education (PNE). There is growing evidence that when PNE is provided to patients with chronic musculoskeletal pain, it can result in decreased pain, pain catastrophization, disability, and improved physical performance. Because the aim of PNE is to shift the patient's focus from the tissues in the low back as the source of their pain to the brain's interpretation of inputs, many clinicians could mistakenly believe that PNE should be a "hands-off," education-only approach...
July 2016: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
Jay Burmeister, Zhe Chen, Indrin J Chetty, Sonja Dieterich, Anthony Doemer, Michael M Dominello, Rebecca M Howell, Patrick McDermott, Adrian Nalichowski, Joann Prisciandaro, Tim Ritter, Chadd Smith, Eric Schreiber, Timothy Shafman, Steven Sutlief, Ying Xiao
PURPOSE: The American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO) Physics Core Curriculum Subcommittee (PCCSC) has updated the recommended physics curriculum for radiation oncology resident education to improve consistency in teaching, intensity, and subject matter. METHODS AND MATERIALS: The ASTRO PCCSC is composed of physicists and physicians involved in radiation oncology residency education. The PCCSC updated existing sections within the curriculum, created new sections, and attempted to provide additional clinical context to the curricular material through creation of practical clinical experiences...
July 15, 2016: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
N Roessler, C Allen Debeaurepaire, A Deprez, L Tanche, V Pavageau, A Hamain, C Grave, A Yatzimirsky, L Vallée, J Avez-Couturier
INTRODUCTION: Chronic pain in children and adolescents has a major impact on their life in terms of school, sleep as well as family and social life. Teenagers aged 13-15 and girls are at the highest risk. Zeltzer et al. established a bio-psychosocial model of chronic pain in 1998 to account for all its dimensions and advocated a multidisciplinary management plan. Programs based on their principles target specific symptoms such as anxiety and loss of function, while treating underlying factors and teaching coping skills to patients and their families...
August 2016: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
Hyuk-Shin Cho, Hyun-Gyu Cha
[Purpose] Physical therapy for recovery of function in people with stroke is known to be effective, but which type of physical therapy intervention is most effective is uncertain because a concrete and detailed record of interventions is done. This study aimed to record, analyze, and describe the content of physical therapy interventions for recovery of function after stroke using stroke physiotherapy intervention recording tool (SPIRIT). [Subjects and Methods] A convenience sample of 23 physical therapists from a rehabilitation hospital in Chung-nam recorded the interventions for 73 patients with stroke who were treated for 30 minutes in 670 treatment sessions...
May 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Gail M Jensen, Terrence Nordstrom, Richard L Segal, Christine McCallum, Cecilia Graham, Bruce Greenfield
Education research has been labeled the "hardest science" of all, given the challenges of teaching and learning in an environment encompassing a mixture of social interactions, events, and problems coupled with a persistent belief that education depends more on common sense than on disciplined knowledge and skill. The American Educational Research Association specifies that education research-as a scientific field of study-examines teaching and learning processes that shape educational outcomes across settings and that a learning process takes place throughout a person's life...
June 16, 2016: Physical Therapy
Oliver Sander, Regine Schmidt, Gerd Rehkämper, Tim Lögters, Christoph Zilkens, Matthias Schneider
INTRODUCTION: Interprofessional learning is a critical pre-requisite for future interprofessional work. Structural adaptations in education offer possibilities to introduce new concepts. Rheumatic and musculoskeletal diseases (RMD) are both prevented and treated by physicians and physiotherapists but the development of interprofessional roles is seldom part of curricula. PROJECT DESCRIPTION: A complex, longitudinal interprofessional educational approach for future doctors and physiotherapists was designed and implanted at various stages (anatomy, physical examination, pathology, therapy)...
2016: GMS Journal for Medical Education
Susan Paparella-Pitzel, Robin Eubanks, Sandra L Kaplan
UNLABELLED: Cultural competence and cultural humility are ongoing processes that healthcare professionals should continually strive for in order to provide effective and comprehensive plans of care for patients. METHODS: This 2-year, longitudinal, educational pilot study describes the levels of competency in second-year entry-level physical therapy students and compares the outcomes of three teaching strategies for cultural competence and cultural humility. All students received a standard 2-hour lecture; study volunteers were randomly assigned to one of two enriched educational groups, involving a standardized patient or a paper case enrichment...
2016: Journal of Allied Health
Judith Hocking, Julian McNeil, Jared Campbell
AIM: The systematic review was undertaken to investigate the effectiveness of physical therapy interventions for improving gross motor skills (GMSs) in people with an intellectual disability aged 6 years and older. There is a lack of physical therapy research for GMSs in this population, and no prior systematic review. People with an intellectual disability may require specific teaching approaches within therapy interventions to accommodate their cognitive and learning needs. People with an intellectual disability who suffer from GMS deficits can benefit from physical therapy to help improve their GMSs...
June 2, 2016: International Journal of Evidence-based Healthcare
Svetlana Kurklinsky, Rachel B Perez, Elke R Lacayo, Christopher D Sletten
Objective. To examine the efficacy of interdisciplinary rehabilitation for improving function in people with chronic pain. Design. Retrospective Chart Review. Setting. The Pain Rehabilitation Center (PRC) at a medical center. Participants. Individuals admitted to the PRC. Interventions. The PRC operates a 3-week outpatient program that utilizes an interdisciplinary approach to treat people with chronic pain. The main treatment elements include physical therapy, occupational therapy, cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), and medication management...
2016: Pain Research and Treatment
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