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Teaching physical therapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694679/a-clinical-perspective-on-a-pain-neuroscience-education-approach-to-manual-therapy
#1
Adriaan Louw, Jo Nijs, Emilio J Puentedura
In recent years, there has been an increased interest in pain neuroscience education (PNE) in physical therapy. There is growing evidence for the efficacy of PNE to decrease pain, disability, fear-avoidance, pain catastrophization, limited movement, and health care utilization in people struggling with pain. PNE teaches people in pain more about the biology and physiology of their pain experience including processes such as central sensitization, peripheral sensitization, allodynia, inhibition, facilitation, neuroplasticity and more...
July 2017: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674490/what-the-spectrum-of-microglial-functions-can-teach-us-about-fetal-alcohol-spectrum-disorder
#2
REVIEW
Elissa L Wong, Rianne D Stowell, Ania K Majewska
Alcohol exposure during gestation can lead to severe defects in brain development and lifelong physical, behavioral and learning deficits that are classified under the umbrella term fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD). Sadly, FASD is diagnosed at an alarmingly high rate, affecting 2%-5% of live births in the United States, making it the most common non-heritable cause of mental disability. Currently, no standard therapies exist that are effective at battling FASD symptoms, highlighting a pressing need to better understand the underlying mechanisms by which alcohol affects the developing brain...
2017: Frontiers in Synaptic Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669146/development-of-the-clinical-teaching-effectiveness-questionnaire-in-the-united-states
#3
Michelle E Wormley, Wormley Romney, Anna E Greer
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to develop a single valid measure for assessing clinical teaching effectiveness within the field of physical therapy. Methods: The Clinical Teaching Effectiveness Questionnaire (CTEQ) was developed via a four stage process, including 1) initial content development, 2) content analysis with eight clinical instructors with over five years of clinical teaching experience, 3) pilot testing with 205 clinical instructors from two Universities in the Northeast and 4) psychometric evaluation, including Principal Component Analysis (PCA)...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Educational Evaluation for Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648264/position-of-the-academy-of-nutrition-and-dietetics-interprofessional-education-in-nutrition-as-an-essential-component-of-medical-education
#4
Lisa A Hark, Darwin Deen
It is the position of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics that registered dietitian nutritionists (RDNs) should play a significant role in educating medical students, residents, fellows, and physicians in practice. The more physicians learn about the effectiveness of nutrition for the prevention and treatment of noncommunicable diseases, the more likely they are to consult with RDNs and refer patients for medical nutrition therapy. The more interprofessional education that occurs between medical students, other health professional students, and RDNs, the more likely all health care professionals will understand and value the role of the RDN in improving the quality of care provided to patients...
July 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637146/instilling-positive-beliefs-about-disabilities-pilot-testing-a-novel-experiential-learning-activity-for-rehabilitation-students
#5
Arielle M Silverman, Jennifer S Pitonyak, Ian K Nelson, Patricia N Matsuda, Deborah Kartin, Ivan R Molton
PURPOSE: To develop and test a novel impairment simulation activity to teach beginning rehabilitation students how people adapt to physical impairments. METHODS: Masters of Occupational Therapy students (n = 14) and Doctor of Physical Therapy students (n = 18) completed the study during the first month of their program. Students were randomized to the experimental or control learning activity. Experimental students learned to perform simple tasks while simulating paraplegia and hemiplegia...
February 25, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632008/a-cloud-with-a-silver-lining-helping-students-learn-about-professionalism
#6
Rhea J Cohn, Margaret M Plack
PROBLEM: Educators face many challenges in teaching professionalism. Despite attempts to define professionalism, it remains abstract for students and often not fully appreciated until they are in clinic. Without a way to make it personally relevant, students will likely be less motivated to learn. INTERVENTION: We used student-generated word clouds to facilitate reflection and discussions, thereby helping students make their perceptions of professionalism more explicit...
July 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591061/effects-of-elastic-resistance-exercise-on-body-composition-and-physical-capacity-in-older-women-with-sarcopenic-obesity-a-consort-compliant-prospective-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Chun-De Liao, Jau-Yih Tsauo, Li-Fong Lin, Shih-Wei Huang, Jan-Wen Ku, Lin-Chuan Chou, Tsan-Hon Liou
BACKGROUND: Sarcopenia is associated with loss of muscle mass and an increased risk of physical disability in elderly people. However, the prevalence of sarcopenia has increased in obese elderly populations. The purpose of this study was to identify the clinical efficacy of elastic resistance exercise training (RET) in patients with sarcopenic obesity. METHODS: This study was conducted at the rehabilitation center of a university-based teaching hospital and was designed as a prospective and randomized controlled trial with an intention-to-treat analysis...
June 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586430/national-study-of-excellence-and-innovation-in-physical-therapist-education-part-1-design-method-and-results
#8
Gail M Jensen, Terrence Nordstrom, Elizabeth Mostrom, Laurita M Hack, Janet Gwyer
Background.: The Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching commissioned the Preparation for the Professions Program, a qualitative study of professional education in 5 professions: medicine, nursing, law, engineering and clergy. These studies identified curricular structures, instructional practices, assessment approaches and environmental characteristics that support the preparation of professionals and led to educational reforms. The physical therapy profession has not had any in-depth, national investigation of physical therapist education since the Catherine Worthingham studies conducted more than 50 years ago...
June 6, 2017: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582995/palliative-care-needs-of-patients-living-with-end-stage-kidney-disease-not-treated-with-renal-replacement-therapy-an-exploratory-qualitative-study-from-blantyre-malawi
#9
Maya J Bates, Alex Chitani, Gavin Dreyer
BACKGROUND: The burden of end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) in sub-Saharan Africa is increasing rapidly but the palliative care needs of patients living with ESKD are not well described. Resource limitations at both health system and patient level act as major barriers to patients receiving renal replacement therapy (RRT) in the form of dialysis. We undertook an exploratory qualitative study to describe the palliative care needs of patients with ESKD who were not receiving RRT, at a government teaching hospital in Blantyre, Malawi...
May 29, 2017: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541100/patient-education-and-mind-diversion-in-supportive-care
#10
REVIEW
Salima Sadruddin, Rafat Jan, Adnan A Jabbar, Kashmira Nanji, Ambreen Tharani Name
Cancer is a growing health problem worldwide. Common treatments include surgery, chemotherapy and radiation therapy. Systemic anti-cancer medications often result in an array of physical and psychological side effects. Supportive care assists patients with cancer in managing multidimensional symptoms that result from treatment or the illness itself. This review discusses supportive care and examines patient counselling and mind-diversion activities, which are safe and cost-effective strategies. Improving cancer patients' health and wellbeing should be encouraged in oncology nursing practice and by teaching students the knowledge and skills needed to provide supportive care...
May 25, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510290/retrospective-evaluation-of-the-impact-of-early-enteral-nutrition-on-clinical-outcomes-in-dogs-with-pancreatitis-34-cases-2010-2013
#11
Jessica P Harris, Nolie K Parnell, Emily H Griffith, Korinn E Saker
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of early enteral nutritional therapy on time to return to voluntary intake, maximum food consumption, incidence of gastrointestinal intolerance (GI), and total hospitalization time for dogs with acute pancreatitis. DESIGN AND SETTING: Retrospective analysis of dogs with pancreatitis at a veterinary teaching hospital between 2010 and 2013. ANIMALS: Thirty-four client-owned dogs diagnosed with acute or acute-on-chronic pancreatitis...
July 2017: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389399/integrating-musculoskeletal-education-and-patient-care-at-medical%C3%A2-student-run-free-clinics
#12
Thomas McQuillan, Nate Wilcox-Fogel, Emily Kraus, Amy Ladd, Michael Fredericson
BACKGROUND: Student-run free clinics (SRFCs) have emerged as an important educational component of United States (US) medical schools. Despite the prevalence of musculoskeletal (MSK) problems presenting to SRFCs, students and clinics are often unprepared to diagnose and to treat common MSK complaints. OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine the scope of diagnosis and treatment at a medical student-run free clinic specializing in musculoskeletal care using physical medicine and rehabilitation (PM&R) residents...
April 5, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338644/clinical-hypnosis-an-effective-mind-body-modality-for-adolescents-with-behavioral-and-physical-complaints
#13
REVIEW
Anju Sawni, Cora Collette Breuner
Mind-body medicine is a system of health practices that includes meditation/relaxation training, guided imagery, hypnosis, biofeedback, yoga, art/music therapy, prayer, t'ai chi, and psychological therapies such as cognitive behavioral therapy. Clinical hypnosis is an important mind-body tool that serves as an adjunct to conventional medical care for the adolescent patient. Clinical hypnosis specifically uses self-directed therapeutic suggestions to cultivate the imagination and facilitate the mind-body connection, leading to positive emotional and physical well-being...
March 24, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316407/theileria-annulata-induced-brisket-oedema-in-a-bull-and-its-successful-treatment
#14
B Sudhakara Reddy, S Sivajothi
In the present case, jugular vein engorgement and oedema of the brisket region which mimic the signs of pseudopericarditis due to theileriosis in a bull was reported. An adult Ongole crossbred bull with history of weakness, anorexia and oedema at brisket region was referred to Teaching Veterinary Clinical Complex, College of Veterinary Science, Proddatur. Physical examination revealed the presence of ticks over the body, right and left prescapular lymphadenopathy and oedema at brisket region. Blood examination revealed the presence of piroplasms in erythrocytes, schizont in lymphocytes, anaemia and lymphopenia...
March 2017: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267811/patient-education-for-people-with-multiple-sclerosis-associated-fatigue-a-systematic-review
#15
Maria Janina Wendebourg, Christoph Heesen, Marcia Finlayson, Björn Meyer, Jana Pöttgen, Sascha Köpke
BACKGROUND: Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is an inflammatory and neurodegenerative disease often causing decreased quality of life, social withdrawal and unemployment. Studies examining the effect of pharmacological interventions demonstrated only minor effects, whereas non-pharmacological interventions as e.g. patient education programs have shown promising results. OBJECTIVE: We aim to systematically review the literature to determine the effect of patient education programs on fatigue in MS...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212644/assessment-of-educational-needs-and-quality-of-life-of-chronic-hepatitis-patients
#16
Ming-Chuan Chen, Hung-Chang Hung, Hsiu-Ju Chang, Sheng-Shun Yang, Wen-Chen Tsai, Shu-Chuan Chang
BACKGROUND: Patient education is crucial in improving the health-related quality of life (HRQOL) of patients. At the same, understanding the concerns and needs of patients is essential in providing appropriate education. This study assessed the educational needs and HRQOL experienced by chronic hepatitis patients. METHODS: We developed structured questionnaires with satisfactory validity and reliability to assess the educational needs of patients. HROQL was measured using a generic Short Form 36 (SF-36) and a liver disease-specific Chronic Liver Disease Questionnaire (CLDQ)...
February 17, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182826/the-learning-curve-associated-with-the-administration-of-intra-articular-liposomal-bupivacaine-for-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-pilot-study
#17
Anton Khlopas, Randa K Elmallah, Morad Chughtai, George A Yakubek, Mhamad Faour, Alison K Klika, Carlos A Higuera, Robert M Molloy, Michael A Mont
INTRODUCTION: Liposomal bupivacaine is a long-acting, local, injectable anesthetic that is used to potentially mitigate post-operative pain after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). In addition, it may reduce opioid use in the post-operative period and shorten lengths-of-stay (LOS). There have been mixed results in the literature with regards to its efficacy, which raises questions regarding the injection technique used. Therefore, we evaluated the learning curve associated with injection techniques prior to, and after, formal teaching...
February 7, 2017: Surgical Technology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157776/translating-evidence-based-protocols-into-the-home-healthcare-setting
#18
Katherine L Beissner, Eileen Bach, Christopher M Murtaugh, MaryGrace Trifilio, Charles R Henderson, Yolanda Barrón, Melissa A Trachtenberg, M Carrington Reid
Activity-limiting pain is common among older home care patients and pain management is complicated by the high prevalence of physical frailty and multimorbidity in the home care population. A comparative effectiveness study was undertaken at a large urban home care agency to examine an evidence-based pain self-management program delivered by physical therapists (PTs). This article focuses on PT training, methods implemented to reinforce content after training and to encourage uptake of the program with appropriate patients, and therapists' fidelity to the program...
February 2017: Home Healthcare Now
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154439/values-and-principles-of-teaching-critical-disability-studies-in-a-physical-therapy-curriculum-part-2-pedagogical-imperatives-and-teaching-innovations
#19
EDITORIAL
Karen K Yoshida, Hazel Self, Heather Willis, Natalie Rose
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Physiotherapy Canada. Physiothérapie Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141711/an-8-year-old-boy-with-treatment-resistant-encopresis
#20
Martin T Stein, Marc A Benninga, Barbara T Felt
Paul is an 8-year-old boy with a long-standing history of encopresis and enuresis. Potty training was initiated when he was 2 years old. At this time, his mother was absent from the home for 6 weeks when she cared for her ill father in a different city. The process of teaching Paul to use the bathroom was described as "inconsistent" due to multiple caretakers.Paul never successfully mastered bowel and bladder control. He continues to wet and soil his clothes on a daily basis at home and school. According to his parents, he does not accept responsibility and comments about his soiling such as, "I didn't do it; someone else must have put it there...
February 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
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