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Physical therapy management

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642559/little-evidence-to-support-or-refute-interventions-for-the-management-of-burning-mouth-syndrome
#1
Debra K Fischoff, Silvia Spivakovsky
Data sourcesCochrane Oral Health's Trials Register, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), Medline Ovid, Embase Ovid, US National Institutes of Health Ongoing Trials Register (ClinicalTrials.gov) and the World Health Organization International Clinical Trials Registry Platform. Handsearch of the proceedings from the British Society for Oral Medicine (BSOM), British Society for Dental Research (BSDR) and the International Association for Dental Research (IADR).Study selectionAll included studies were randomised placebo controlled trials comparing a treatment to placebo with no language or year of publication restrictions...
June 23, 2017: Evidence-based Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641817/-preventing-violence-in-schizophrenia-with-cognitive-remediation
#2
C Darmedru, C Demily, N Franck
OBJECTIVES: The association between schizophrenia and violence represents an important issue in psychiatry. Often highly publicized, violent acts raise the question of their detection, prevention, management and treatment. There is no single, direct and exclusive link between aggressiveness and the underlying psychiatric disorder. On the contrary, the processes underlying this violence are multiple and interlinked. In addition to static and dynamic risk factors, cognitive deficits play an important role in the genesis and maintenance of violent and aggressive behavior...
June 19, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637408/lifestyle-modifications-in-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-and-non-alcoholic-steatohepatitis
#3
Konstantinos Stavropoulos, Konstantinos Imprialos, Andreas Pittaras, Charles Faselis, Puneet Narayan, Peter Kokkinos
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is one of the most common diseases worldwide, affecting more than 30% of general population. High-fat diets, physical inactivity and obesity, all prevalent in the western societies, are strongly associated with the development and progression of NAFLD. Current drug therapies have not consistently shown substantial beneficial effects. Thus, lifestyle modification appears to be the optimal intervention in combating the disease. Accordingly, several studies have concluded that weight loss, via increase in physical activity, and dietary interventions could potential ameliorate biochemical, histological, and structural abnormalities of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease...
June 20, 2017: Current Vascular Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637128/maximizing-gait-and-balance-behaviors-and-decision-making-processes-of-persons-with-multiple-sclerosis-and-physical-therapists
#4
Elissa Held Bradford, Marcia Finlayson, Andrea White Gorman, Joanne Wagner
PURPOSE: To describe the behavioral decisions used by persons with multiple sclerosis (MS) and physical therapists to maximize gait and balance following outpatient physical therapy. METHODS: A multi-method case series with seven matched pairs (persons with MS-physical therapists). Quota sampling maximized variability among persons with MS (disease steps score range 3-6). Three of the four physical therapists were MS or neurology certified. Persons with MS completed a phone survey, follow-up interview, and standardized questionnaires...
February 7, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636076/prevalence-and-impact-of-obesity-in-people-with-haemophilia-review-of-literature-and-expert-discussion-around-implementing-weight-management-guidelines
#5
REVIEW
S Kahan, A Cuker, R F Kushner, J Maahs, M Recht, T Wadden, T Willis, S Majumdar, D Ungar, D Cooper
Obesity affects more than 35% of Americans, increasing the risk of more than 200 comorbid conditions, impaired quality of life and premature mortality. This review aimed to summarize literature published over the past 15 years regarding the prevalence and impact of obesity in people with haemophilia (PWH) and to discuss implementing general guidelines for weight management in the context of the haemophilia comprehensive care team. Although few studies have assessed the effects of obesity on haemophilia-specific outcomes, existing evidence indicates an important impact of weight status on lower extremity joint range of motion and functional disability, with potentially important effects on overall quality of life...
June 21, 2017: Haemophilia: the Official Journal of the World Federation of Hemophilia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634900/review-of-physical-urticarias-and-testing-methods
#6
REVIEW
Mario Sánchez-Borges, Luis González-Aveledo, Fernan Caballero-Fonseca, Arnaldo Capriles-Hulett
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review aims to update the information available on the prevalence, clinical picture, diagnostic methods, and treatment of urticarias induced by external physical stimuli. RECENT FINDINGS: Physical urticarias are present in up to 5% of the general population, and in 10 to 50% of patients with chronic urticaria. Recent investigations have provided evidence that the presence of physical urticaria alone or when comorbid with chronic spontaneous urticaria is associated with a worse prognosis and duration...
August 2017: Current Allergy and Asthma Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634773/development-and-validation-of-a-fall-risk-assessment-index-for-dialysis-patients
#7
Kenichi Kono, Yusuke Nishida, Hiroki Yabe, Yoshihumi Moriyama, Toshihiko Mori, Ryota Shiraki, Takashi Sato
BACKGROUND: Dialysis patients often have low physical performance due to uremic sarcopenia, protein energy wasting (PEW), and incidence intradialytic hypotension (IDH), which are indicated as risk factors for falling. The objective of this study was to develop a symptom-encompassing evaluation form to predict falls with high sensitivity for dialysis patients. METHODS: A total of 251 patients who had been receiving maintenance hemodialysis therapy three times a week were enrolled in the study...
June 20, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633152/state-of-pelvic-and-acetabular-surgery-in-the-developing-world-a-global-survey-of-orthopaedic-surgeons-at-surgical-implant-generation-network-sign-hospitals
#8
Paul S Whiting, Duane R Anderson, Daniel D Galat, Lewis G Zirkle, Douglas W Lundy, Hassan R Mir
OBJECTIVES: To document the current state of pelvic and acetabular surgery in the developing world and to identify critical areas for improvement in the treatment of these complex injuries. DESIGN: A 50-question online survey. SETTING: International, multicenter. PATIENTS/PARTICIPANTS: One hundred eighty-one orthopaedic surgeons at Surgical Implant Generation Network (SIGN) hospitals, which represent a cross-section of institutions in low- and middle-income countries that treat high-energy musculoskeletal trauma...
July 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632997/epidemiology-of-obesity-and-pharmacologic-treatment-options
#9
Vignesh Shettar, Sarang Patel, Srividya Kidambi
Prevalence of obesity and its related morbidity have increased to alarming levels in adults and children in the United States and globally. Weight loss results in improvement of much of the obesity-related morbidity. Lifestyle changes such as dietary modifications, increased physical activity, and behavioral therapy form the crux of weight management. However, many individuals need additional assistance (pharmacologic or surgical) to initiate or sustain weight loss. Pharmacologic therapy consists of a number of agents that work by decreasing appetite, gastric emptying, or nutrient absorption or by increasing satiety...
June 1, 2017: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632645/management-of-symptomatic-lumbar-disk-herniation-an-international-perspective
#10
Pravesh S Gadjradj, Mark P Arts, Maurits W van Tulder, Wim J R Rietdijk, Wilco C Peul, Biswadjiet S Harhangi
STUDY DESIGN: A questionnaire survey. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the current practice patterns of surgeons regarding both the surgical and nonsurgical management of lumbar disk herniation (LDH) worldwide and to compare this with the current literature. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Sciatica is a common diagnosis in the general population. Sciatica is most frequently caused by LDH. Multiple surgical techniques and treatment modalities are available to treat LDH, albeit some with small effect sizes or without compelling evidence...
June 19, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632248/perceived-benefits-and-barriers-to-exercise-for-recently-treated-adults-with-acute-leukemia
#11
Ashley Leak Bryant, AnnMarie L Walton, Mackenzi Pergolotti, Brett Phillips, Charlotte Bailey, Deborah K Mayer, Claudio Battaglini
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To explore perceived exercise benefits and barriers in adults with acute leukemia who recently completed an inpatient exercise intervention during induction therapy.
. RESEARCH APPROACH: Descriptive, exploratory design using semistructured interviews.
. SETTING: Inpatient hematology/oncology unit at North Carolina Cancer Hospital in Chapel Hill.
. PARTICIPANTS: 6 adults with acute leukemia aged 35-67 years...
July 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632194/a-mind-body-approach-to-pediatric-pain-management
#12
REVIEW
Melanie L Brown, Enrique Rojas, Suzanne Gouda
Pain is a significant public health problem that affects all populations and has significant financial, physical and psychological impact. Opioid medications, once the mainstay of pain therapy across the spectrum, can be associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Centers for Disease and Control (CDC) guidelines recommend that non-opioid pain medications are preferred for chronic pain outside of certain indications (cancer, palliative and end of life care). Mindfulness, hypnosis, acupuncture and yoga are four examples of mind-body techniques that are often used in the adult population for pain and symptom management...
June 20, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628549/a-classification-system-to-guide-physical-therapy-management-in-huntington-disease-a-case-series
#13
Nora E Fritz, Monica Busse, Karen Jones, Hanan Khalil, Lori Quinn
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Individuals with Huntington disease (HD), a rare neurological disease, experience impairments in mobility and cognition throughout their disease course. The Medical Research Council framework provides a schema that can be applied to the development and evaluation of complex interventions, such as those provided by physical therapists. Treatment-based classifications, based on expert consensus and available literature, are helpful in guiding physical therapy management across the stages of HD...
July 2017: Journal of Neurologic Physical Therapy: JNPT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628049/early-access-to-physical-therapy-and-specialty-care-management-for-american-workers-with-musculoskeletal-injuries
#14
Timothy D Phillips, Michael J Shoemaker
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of very early access to physical therapy and specialty care management in a workers' compensation population. METHODS: A prospective pilot (n = 75) was conducted from 2012 to 2013 in which injured workers with musculoskeletal complaints received physical therapy and started care management during their initial occupational medicine clinic visit. Two retrospective comparator groups with workers' compensation claims from 2009 and 2012 were included in this study...
April 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627934/adult-patient-decision-making-regarding-implantation-of-complex-cardiac-devices-a-scoping-review
#15
Alison Malecki-Ketchell, Paul Marshall, Joan Maclean
BACKGROUND: Complex cardiac rhythm management device (CRMD) therapy provides an important treatment option for people at risk of sudden cardiac death. Despite the survival benefit, device implantation is associated with significant physical and psychosocial concerns presenting considerable challenges for the decision-making process surrounding CRMD implantation for patients and physicians. AIMS: The purpose of this scoping review was to explore what is known about how adult (>16 years) patients make decisions regarding implantation of CRMD therapy...
June 1, 2017: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626312/bacterial-contamination-in-physical-therapy-departments-in-the-state-of-kuwait
#16
Sameera H Aljadi, Mashael Al-Shemmari, Jumana Al-Ramzi, Shoug Al-Abdullatif, Zahraa Hajeyah, Laila Jamal, Sara Al-Bahar
[Purpose] Interferential therapy and electrical stimulation are electrophysical modalities commonly used in physical therapy departments to treat patients with musculoskeletal problems. These machines are applied directly to the patient's skin via a medium or electrodes, which can facilitate the transmission of microorganisms from one patient to another. The purpose of this study was to determine the extent of microorganism contamination in the machines sponges at physical therapy departments in Kuwait hospitals...
June 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622749/general-exercise-does-not-improve-long-term-pain-and-disability-in-individuals-with-whiplash-associated-disorders-a-systematic-review
#17
Alexandra Griffin, Andrew Leaver, Niamh Moloney
Study Design Systematic review of randomized controlled trials. Background General exercise, defined as purposeful physical activity involving repetitive exercises, and incorporating multiple muscle groups, is frequently used in the management of whiplash associated disorders (WAD). Evidence supporting its efficacy is not well established. Objectives To determine whether general exercise is effective in reducing pain and disability in people with WAD. Methods Studies published in English in peer-reviewed journals between January 1990 and May 2015 were eligible if they evaluated a general exercise intervention compared with a different intervention or control...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619436/tumefactive-demyelinating-lesions-a-comprehensive-review
#18
REVIEW
Hussein Algahtani, Bader Shirah, Ali Alassiri
Tumefactive multiple sclerosis or tumefactive demyelinating lesion (TDL) is one of the rare variants of multiple sclerosis (MS) posing a diagnostic challenge and a therapeutic enigma since it is difficult to distinguish from a true central nervous system (CNS) neoplasm or other CNS lesions on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The prevalence of TDL is estimated to be 1-3/1000 cases of MS with an annual incidence of 0.3/100,000. This could be an underestimate due to unavailability of a global MS registry and under-reporting of this condition...
May 2017: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616115/management-of-patients-with-stress-urinary-incontinence-after-failed-midurethral-sling
#19
REVIEW
Alex Kavanagh, May Sanaee, Kevin V Carlson, Gregory G Bailly
Surgical failure rates after midurethral sling (MUS) procedures are variable and range from approximately 8-57% at five years of followup. The disparity in long-term failure rates is explained by a lack of long-term followup and lack of a clear definition of what constitutes failure. A recent Cochrane review illustrates that no high-quality data exists to recommend or refute any of the different management strategies for recurrent or persistent stress urinary incontinence (SUI) after failed MUS surgery. Clinical evaluation requires a complete history, physical examination, and establishment of patient goals...
June 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615965/impact-of-a-value-based-insurance-design-for-physical-therapy-to-treat-back-pain-on-care-utilization-and-cost
#20
Daniel D Maeng, Anthony Graboski, Peiling L Allison, Dorothy Y Fisher, John B Bulger
OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of a value-based insurance design providing enhanced access to physical therapy (PT) for treatment of back pain on treatment patterns and cost of care. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective analysis of claims data obtained from Geisinger Health Plan (GHP). In April 2013, GHP began offering "PT bundle" - i.e., a bundle of up to five PT visits for a single one-time copay that can be renewed for another bundle of five PT visits - for its employer-based plan members with back pain...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
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