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Occupational health and safety

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817554/occupational-distribution-of-campylobacteriosis-and-salmonellosis-cases-maryland-ohio-and-virginia-2014
#1
Chia-Ping Su, Marie A de Perio, Kathleen Fagan, Meghan L Smith, Ellen Salehi, Seth Levine, Karen Gruszynski, Sara E Luckhaupt
Campylobacter and Salmonella are leading causes of bacterial gastroenteritis in the United States and are estimated to cause >1 million episodes of domestically acquired illness annually (1). Campylobacter and Salmonella are primarily transmitted through contaminated food, but animal-to-human and human-to-human transmission can also occur (2,3). Although occupationally acquired infections have been reported, occupational risk factors have rarely been studied. In 2015, the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) identified 63 suspected or confirmed cases of Campylobacter infection over 3...
August 18, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815050/a-case-of-azoospermia-in-a-non-destructive-testing%C3%A2-worker-exposed-to-radiation
#2
Jaechan Park, Sanggil Lee, Chulyong Park, Huisu Eom
BACKGROUND: Interest in radiation-related health problems has been growing with the increase in the number of workers in radiation-related jobs. Although an occupational level of radiation exposure would not likely cause azoospermia, several studies have reported the relation between radiation exposure and azoospermia after accidental or therapeutic radiation exposure. We describe a case of azoospermia in a non-destructive testing (NDT) worker exposed to radiation and discuss the problems of the related monitoring system...
2017: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812286/occupational-exposures-and-health-outcomes-among-immigrants-in-the-usa
#3
REVIEW
Sally C Moyce, Marc Schenker
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Immigrants experience higher rates of occupational injury and fatality than their native-born counterparts. This review summarizes the current data related to occupational/environmental exposures and explores potential reasons for the disparities. RECENT FINDINGS: Immigrant workers are employed in sectors that expose them to dangerous working conditions. They experience increased risk for exposure to heat, pesticides, hazardous chemicals, and cleaning agents, as well as physical hazards such as falls...
August 15, 2017: Current Environmental Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808478/the-portuguese-long-version-of-the-copenhagen-psychosocial-questionnaire-ii-copsoq-ii-a-validation-study
#4
Susel Rosário, Luís F Azevedo, João A Fonseca, Albert Nienhaus, Matthias Nübling, José Torres da Costa
BACKGROUND: Psychosocial risks are now widely recognised as one of the biggest challenges for occupational safety and health (OSH) and a major public health concern. The aim of this paper is to investigate the Portuguese long version of the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire II (COPSOQ II), in order to analyse the psychometric properties of the instrument and to validate it. METHODS: The Portuguese COPSOQ II was issued to a total of 745 Portuguese employees from both private and public organisations across several economic sectors at a baseline and then 2 weeks later...
2017: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806863/influence-of-gender-working-field-and-psychosocial-factors-on-the-vulnerability-for-burnout-in-mental-hospital-staff-results-of-an-austrian-cross-sectional-study
#5
Petra Schadenhofer, Michael Kundi, Heidemarie Abrahamian, Harald Stummer, Alexandra Kautzky-Willer
INTRODUCTION: According to the European Agency for Safety and Health at Work (EU-OSHA), hospitals represent a work environment with high job strain. Prolonged perceived occupational stress may result in symptoms of burnout, such as emotional exhaustion (EE), depersonalisation (DP) and reduced personal accomplishment (PA). Understanding which factors may reduce vulnerability for burnout is an important requirement for well-targeted occupational stress prevention in mental hospital staff...
August 14, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803518/a-feminist-intervention-that-hurt-women-biological-differences-ergonomics-and-occupational-health-une-intervention-f%C3%A3-ministe-qui-a-nui-aux-femmes-diff%C3%A3-rences-biologiques-%C3%A3-galit%C3%A3-ergonomie-et-sant%C3%A3-au-travail
#6
Karen Messing
The University of Québec in Montréal has agreements with trade unions providing access to university resources. Researchers involved in this program worked in partnership with union women's and health and safety committees for more than twenty years. Not all studies succeeded in improving women's working conditions. One joint project involved observational studies of tasks done by health-care workers, complemented by interviews and questionnaires. We found that task assignments, movements, postures, and work-related musculoskeletal disorders varied by gender/sex and made recommendations for change...
January 1, 2017: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801410/radiographic-features-of-importance-in-the-national-institute-for-occupational-safety-and-health-administered-coal-workers-health-surveillance-program-characterising-the-use-of-the-other-symbols
#7
Cara N Halldin, Janet M Hale, David J Blackley, A Scott Laney
OBJECTIVE: The National Institute for Occupation Safety and Health-administered Coal Workers' Health Surveillance Program (CWHSP) provides radiographic pneumoconiosis screening for US coal miners. Radiographs are classified by readers according to International Labour Office criteria. In addition to pneumoconiotic parenchymal and pleural lung abnormalities, readers document radiographic features of importance (other symbols). Other symbols are not meant to imply a diagnosis or interpretation but are relevant as they provide information beyond a pneumoconiosis classification for features related to dust exposure and other aetiologies...
August 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799710/the-efficacy-of-medical-masks-and-respirators-against-respiratory-infection-in-health-workers
#8
Chandini Raina MacIntyre, Abrar Ahmad Chughtai, Bayzidur Rahman, Yang Peng, Yi Zhang, Holly Seale, Xiaoli Wang, Quanyi Wang
OBJECTIVE: We aim to examine the efficacy of medical masks and respirators in protecting against respiratory infections using pooled data from two homogenous randomised control clinical trials (RCTs). METHODS: The data collected on 3591 subjects in two similar RCTs conducted in Beijing China, which examined the same infection outcomes, were pooled. Four interventions were compared; a) continuous N95 respirator use, b) targeted N95 respirator use, c) medical mask use and, d) control arm...
August 11, 2017: Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795938/occupational-health-and-safety-issues-at-informal-economic-segment-of-pakistan-a-survey-of-construction-sites
#9
Ishfaq Ahmed, Muhammad Zeeshan Shaukat, Ahmad Usman, Muhammad Musarrat Nawaz, Mian Sajid Nazir
This research covers the current status of Occupational Health and Safety (OHS) related practices in the informal construction segment of Pakistan. Data was collected, through interviews, from 316 construction sites employing 3577 workers. The results of the study reveal that both employers and workers lack knowledge of OHS laws/standards and no practices of this nature are enacted at these construction sites. Alarmingly work-related accidents, whenever they happen, are not given due attention, and there is no formal injury-report system...
August 10, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794392/sustainability-of-green-jobs-in-portugal-a-methodological-approach-using-occupational-health-indicators
#10
Sandra Moreira, Lia Vasconcelos, Carlos Silva Santos
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to develop a methodological tool to analyze and monitor the green jobs in the context of Occupational Health and Safety. METHODS: A literature review in combination with an investigation of Occupational Health Indicators was performed. The resulting tool of Occupational Health Indicators was based on the existing information of "Single Report" and was validated by national's experts. RESULTS: The tool brings together 40 Occupational Health Indicators in four key fields established by World Health Organization in their conceptual framework "Health indicators of sustainable jobs...
August 8, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780736/vaccinations-for-the-hiv-infected-adult-a-review-of-the-current-recommendations-part-ii
#11
REVIEW
Nancy F Crum-Cianflone, Eva Sullivan
Vaccination is a critical component for ensuring the ongoing health HIV-infected adults. Since this group may have reduced immune responses and shorter durations of protection post-vaccination, HIV-specific guidelines have been published. This review article provides a comprehensive discussion of the current guidelines and evidence-based data for vaccinating HIV-infected adults, including data on dosing schedules, immunogenicity studies, and safety. In the current paper, part II of the review, live vaccines, as well as vaccines for travelers and specific occupational groups, will be discussed...
August 5, 2017: Infectious Diseases and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777761/occupational-therapists-experience-of-workplace-fatigue-issues-and-action
#12
Cary A Brown, Jennifer Schell, Lisa M Pashniak
BACKGROUND: Occupational therapists (OTs) work in all areas of health and wellbeing. The work is physically and psychologically demanding, but OTs are often not diligent about recognizing and attending to the workplace health and safety issue of fatigue in their own work settings. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this paper is to determine current issues and the evidence-base as presented in the literature so as to develop awareness and best practice interventions for fatigue reduction and management in occupational therapists' workplace...
August 1, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28775910/analysis-of-the-design-and-performance-characteristics-of-pumpable-roof-supports
#13
Batchler Timothy
Pumpable roof supports are currently being used to provide a safe working environment for longwall mining. Because different pumpable supports are visually similar and installed fundamentally in the same manner as other supports, there is a tendency to believe they all perform the same way. However, there are several design parameters that can affect their performance, including the cementitious material properties and the bag construction practices that influence the degree of confinement provided. A full understanding of the impact of these design parameters is necessary to optimize the support application and to provide a foundation for making further improvements in the support performance...
January 2017: International Journal of Mining Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774617/monitoring-and-factors-affecting-levels-of-airborne-and-water-bromoform-in-chlorinated-seawater-swimming-pools
#14
Jean-Luc Boudenne, Julien Parinet, Carine Demelas, Tarek Manasfi, Bruno Coulomb
Water and air quality of eight seawater swimming pools using chlorine disinfection was measured during four sampling campaigns, spread on one full-year, and in four thalassotherapy centers located in Southeast of France. Concentrations of trihalomethanes (THMs) in air and in water as well as concentrations of parameters, including nonpurgeable organic carbon (NPOC), free residual chlorine (Clf), pH, Kjeldhal Nitrogen (KN), salinity, conductivity, bromide ions and, water and air temperature, were measured. Water and air samples were collected in triplicates morning - at the opening of the pools -, noon and night - at the closing of the pools -, in summer and winter...
August 2017: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774513/evaluation-of-occupational-ocular-trauma-are-we-doing-enough-to-promote-eye-safety-in-the-workplace
#15
Helena Zakrzewski, Helen Chung, Emi Sanders, Christopher Hanson, Bryce Ford
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to document the use of eye personal protective equipment (PPE) by patients who had sustained an eye injury in the workplace and to evaluate the characteristics and outcomes of these patients. DESIGN: Case-control study. PARTICIPANTS: All adult patients who had sustained an eye injury in the workplace and presented to the urgent ophthalmology clinic of a tertiary care hospital from October 1, 2013, to November 30, 2014, were eligible for inclusion...
August 2017: Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology. Journal Canadien D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768045/examining-factors-that-influence-the-existence-of-heinrich-s-safety-triangle-using-site-specific-h-s-data-from-more-than-25-000-establishments
#16
Patrick L Yorio, Susan M Moore
In the 1930s, Heinrich established one of the most prominent and enduring accident prevention theories when he concluded that high severity occupational safety and health (OSH) incidents are preceded by numerous lower severity incidents and near misses. Seventy-five years of theory expansion/interpretation includes two fundamental tenets: (1) the ratio of lower to higher severity incidents exists in the form of a "safety-triangle" and (2) similar causes underlie both high and low severity events. Although used extensively to inform public policy and establishment-level health and safety priorities, recent research challenges the validity of the two tenets...
August 2, 2017: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767959/occupational-exposure-to-hydrogen-cyanide-during-large-scale-cassava-processing-in-alagoas-state-brazil
#17
Cyro Hauaji Zacarias, Claudia Esteban, Gilson Lucio Rodrigues, Elizabeth de Souza Nascimento
The cassava roots used for flour production contain high amounts of cyanogenic glycosides and are, therefore, potential hydrogen cyanide (HCN) releasers. This fact is the cause of an increasing health concern in the sector of cassava processing. Brazilian workers engaged in the flour production may be chronically exposed to HCN in levels above the safety limits. This hypothesis is based on the drastic reduction in cyanide content of cassava roots during a traditional Brazilian method of processing and in the physical properties of the compound, which makes it very susceptible to volatilization and air contamination...
July 27, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767920/implementing-apportionment-strategy-to-identify-costs-in-a-multidisciplinary-clinic
#18
Renato Ribeiro Nogueira Ferraz, Anna Sofia Costa Neri, Estela Capelas Barbosa, Marcus Vinícius Cesso da Silva
Objective: To present the implementation of an apportionment strategy proportional to the productive areas of a multidisciplinary clinic, defining the minimum values to be passed monthly to health professionals who work there. Methods: A study of the clinic structure was carried out, in which the area of occupation of each service was defined. Later the cost was prorated, allocating a value to each room, proportional to the space occupied. Results: The apportionment implementation allowed the clinic managers to visualize the cost of each room, providing a value base for formation of a minimum amount necessary to be passed monthly to each professional, as a form of payment for rent of using their facilities...
April 2017: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763657/organochlorine-pesticides-in-the-indoor-air-of-a-theatre-and-museum-in-the-czech-republic-inhalation-exposure-and-cancer-risk
#19
Eva Holt, Ondřej Audy, Petra Booij, Lisa Melymuk, Roman Prokes, Jana Klánová
Organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) have been used to preserve the integrity of historical buildings or to protect collections of artefacts at potentially large volumes and often without detailed application records. Previous research has focused on the efficiency of remediation at contaminated sites (where identified), as well as improvement of preservation techniques and workplace health and safety. Few studies have assessed the human health risks from occupational exposure to OCPs in buildings of cultural and historical importance...
July 27, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763387/the-south-carolina-environmental-public-health-tracking-program-s-role-in-monitoring-and-reducing-occupational-exposure-to-lead-public-health-actions-in-collaboration-with-the-south-carolina-occupational-safety-and-health-administration
#20
Harley T Davis, Chelsea Lynes, H Reed Corley
Per South Carolina (SC) Law §44-29-10, all blood lead test records are reportable. The SC Environmental Public Health Tracking (SC EPHT) program is directly involved in blood lead surveillance in SC, as it maintains the blood lead record database. Although Adult Blood Lead Epidemiology and Surveillance funding from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention was discontinued in 2013, SC EPHT has continued to monitor and record adult blood lead test records.In 2012, SC EPHT signed a memorandum of understanding with the SC Occupational Safety and Health Administration (SC OSHA)...
September 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
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