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Occupational health and safety

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104697/male-birthweight-semen-quality-and-birth-outcomes
#1
B W Whitcomb, M S Bloom, S Kim, Z Chen, G M Buck Louis
STUDY QUESTION: What are the relations among birthweight (BW), semen parameters and birth outcomes in a population-based sample? SUMMARY ANSWER: BW is unrelated to semen parameters, which are in turn unrelated to birth outcomes. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: In clinical settings, there has been suggestion that semen parameters are related to BW when comparing fertile and infertile men; however, findings have been less clear in more general populations...
January 18, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101366/weighting-criteria-and-prioritizing-of-heat-stress-indices-in-surface-mining-using-a-delphi-technique-and-fuzzy-ahp-topsis-method
#2
Mehdi Asghari, Parvin Nassiri, Mohammad Reza Monazzam, Farideh Golbabaei, Hossein Arabalibeik, Aliakbar Shamsipour, Armin Allahverdy
BACKGROUND: Heat stress as a physical harmful agent can increase the risk of health and safety problems in different workplaces such as mining. Although there are different indices to assess the heat stress imposed on workers, choosing the best index for a specific workplace is so important. Since various criteria affect an index applicability, extracting the most effective ones and determining their weights help to prioritize the existing indices and select the optimal index. METHODS: In order to achieve this aim, present study compared some heat stress indices using effective methods...
2017: Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100221/psychosocial-work-factors-and-social-inequalities-in-psychological-distress-a-population-based-study
#3
Caroline S Duchaine, Ruth Ndjaboué, Manon Levesque, Michel Vézina, Xavier Trudel, Mahée Gilbert-Ouimet, Clermont E Dionne, Benoît Mâsse, Neil Pearce, Chantal Brisson
BACKGROUND: Mental health problems (MHP) are the leading cause of disability worldwide. The inverse association between socioeconomic position (SEP) and MHP has been well documented. There is prospective evidence that factors from the work environment, including adverse psychosocial work factors, could contribute to the development of MHP including psychological distress. However, the contribution of psychosocial work factors to social inequalities in MHP remains unclear. This study evaluates the contribution of psychosocial work factors from two highly supported models, the Demand-Control-Support (DCS) and the Effort-Reward Imbalance (ERI) models to SEP inequalities of psychological distress in men and women from a population-based sample of Quebec workers...
January 18, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100201/developing-a-practice-guideline-for-the-occupational-health-services-by-using-a-community-of-practice-approach-a-process-evaluation-of-the-development-process
#4
Lydia Kwak, Charlotte Wåhlin, Kjerstin Stigmar, Irene Jensen
BACKGROUND: One way to facilitate the translation of research into the occupational health service practice is through clinical practice guidelines. To increase the implementability of guidelines it is important to include the end-users in the development, for example by a community of practice approach. This paper describes the development of an occupational health practice guideline aimed at the management of non-specific low back pain (LBP) by using a community of practice approach...
January 18, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098082/occupational-health-profile-of-workers-employed-in-the-manufacturing-sector-of-india
#5
REVIEW
Shivali Suri, Ranjan Das
BACKGROUND: The occupational health scenario of workers engaged in the manufacturing sector in India deserves attention for their safety and increasing productivity. We reviewed the status of the manufacturing sector, identified hazards faced by workers, and assessed the existing legislations and healthcare delivery mechanisms. METHODS: From October 2014 to March 2015, we did a literature review by manual search of pre-identified journals, general electronic search, electronic search of dedicated websites/databases and personal communication with experts of occupational health...
September 2016: National Medical Journal of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095953/reported-back-pain-in-army-aircrew-in-relation-to-airframe-gender-age-and-experience
#6
Amanda M Kelley, Jason MacDonnell, Deahndra Grigley, John Campbell, Steven J Gaydos
INTRODUCTION: Back pain has remained an issue of significance among aircraft crewmembers for decades, occurring in the majority of military helicopter pilots with potential deleterious effects on performance, safety, and operational readiness. This exploratory, correlational survey study was designed to evaluate the presence of patterns and relationships that may require further examination to understand causal factors. METHODS: The study population consisted of U...
February 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095707/variations-in-mesothelioma-mortality-rates-among-migrants-to-australia-and-australian-born
#7
Si Si, Susan Peters, Alison Reid
BACKGROUND: Australia's use and consumption of asbestos occurred at the same time as its immigration boom. Our objective was to investigate mesothelioma death rates among migrants and Australian-born between 1981 and 2012. METHODS: Australian national mesothelioma deaths from 1981 to 2002 and 2006 to 2012 together with national censuses from 1981 to 2011 were extracted and combined. Directly standardised rates and negative binomial regression were applied examining differences in mesothelioma death rates with regard to country of birth...
January 17, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092228/a-comparative-study-of-vocational-education-and-occupational-safety-and-health-training-in-china-and-the-uk
#8
Baisheng Nie, Xin Huang, Fei Xue, Jiang Chen, Xiaobing Liu, Yangyang Meng, Jinxin Huang
In order to enhance Chinese workers' occupational safety awareness, it is essential to learn from developed countries' experiences. This article investigates thoroughly occupational safety and health (OSH) in China and the UK; moreover, the article performs a comparison of Chinese and British OSH training-related laws, regulations and education system. The following conclusions are drawn: China's work safety continues to improve, but there is still a large gap compared with the UK. In China a relatively complete vocational education and training (VET) system has been established...
January 16, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076582/interventions-that-facilitate-sustainable-jobs-and-have-a-positive-impact-on-workers-health-an-overview-of-systematic-reviews
#9
Michelle M Haby, Evelina Chapman, Rachel Clark, Luiz A C Galvão
Objective: To identify interventions that facilitate sustainable jobs and have a positive impact on the health of workers in health sector workplaces. Methods: This overview utilized systematic review methods to synthesize evidence from multiple systematic reviews and economic evaluations. A comprehensive search was conducted based on a predefined protocol, including specific inclusion criteria. To be classified as "sustainable," interventions needed to aim (explicitly or implicitly) to 1) have a positive impact on at least two key dimensions of the integrated framework for sustainable development and 2) include measures of health impact...
November 2016: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074269/varied-exposure-to-carcinogenic-mutagenic-and-reprotoxic-cmr-chemicals-in-occupational-settings-in-france
#10
Nathalie Havet, Alexis Penot, Magali Morelle, Lionel Perrier, Barbara Charbotel, Béatrice Fervers
PURPOSE: To explore varied exposure to carcinogenic, mutagenic, and reprotoxic chemicals (CMR) for French employees. METHODS: Our study assessed data from the French national cross-sectional survey of occupational risks (SUMER) that was conducted in 2010 in a national representative sample of employees. We selected 28 CMR agents that were classified by the International Agency for Research on Cancer or European Union as being known or presumed to have CMR potential in humans...
January 10, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071878/occupational-exposure-to-beryllium-final-rule
#11
(no author information available yet)
The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) is amending its existing standards for occupational exposure to beryllium and beryllium compounds. OSHA has determined that employees exposed to beryllium at the previous permissible exposure limits face a significant risk of material impairment to their health. The evidence in the record for this rulemaking indicates that workers exposed to beryllium are at increased risk of developing chronic beryllium disease and lung cancer. This final rule establishes new permissible exposure limits of 0...
9, 2017: Federal Register
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068167/vehicle-exposure-and-spinal-musculature-fatigue-in-military-warfighters-a-meta-analysis
#12
Roger O Kollock, Kenneth E Games, Alan E Wilson, JoEllen M Sefton
CONTEXT:  Spinal musculature fatigue from vehicle exposure may place warfighters at risk for spinal injuries and pain. Research on the relationship between vehicle exposure and spinal musculature fatigue is conflicting. A better understanding of the effect of military duty on musculoskeletal function is needed before sports medicine teams can develop injury-prevention programs. OBJECTIVE:  To determine if the literature supports a definite effect of vehicle exposure on spinal musculature fatigue...
November 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064733/a-work-systems-analysis-approach-to-understanding-fatigue-in-hospital-nurses
#13
Linsey M Steege, Kalyan S Pasupathy, Diane A Drake
Occupational fatigue is an important challenge in improving health and safety in healthcare systems. A secondary analysis of cross-sectional data from a survey sample comprised of 340 hospital nurses was conducted to explore the relationships between components of the nursing work system (person, tasks, tools and technology, environment, organization) and nurse fatigue and recovery levels. All components of the work system were significantly associated with changes in fatigue and recovery. Results of a tree-based classification method indicated significant interactions between multiple work system components and fatigue and recovery...
January 9, 2017: Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056885/working-conditions-and-public-health-risks-in-slaughterhouses-in-western-kenya
#14
Elizabeth Anne Jessie Cook, William Anson de Glanville, Lian Francesca Thomas, Samuel Kariuki, Barend Mark de Clare Bronsvoort, Eric Maurice Fèvre
BACKGROUND: Inadequate facilities and hygiene at slaughterhouses can result in contamination of meat and occupational hazards to workers. The objectives of this study were to assess current conditions in slaughterhouses in western Kenya and the knowledge, and practices of the slaughterhouse workers toward hygiene and sanitation. METHODS: Between February and October 2012 all consenting slaughterhouses in the study area were recruited. A standardised questionnaire relating to facilities and practices in the slaughterhouse was administered to the foreperson at each site...
January 5, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052163/effectiveness-of-participatory-training-in-preventing-accidental-occupational-injuries-a-randomized-controlled-trial-in-china
#15
Ignatius Ts Yu, Wenzhou Yu, Zhimin Li, Hong Qiu, Sabrina Wan, Shaohua Xie, Xiaorong Wang
Objective The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a participatory training program in preventing accidental occupational injuries in factories in Shenzhen, China. Methods We conducted a cluster randomized study with the worker as the unit of analysis, providing 918 workers from 30 factories participatory training. Two control groups received traditional didactic training, including 907 workers from the same 30 factories and 1654 workers in matched control factories. We used generalized estimating equations to compare the before/after person-based injury rate difference in the three groups and binary logistic regression to compare the re-injury rates...
January 4, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048780/tu-ab-204-00-cdrh-fda-regulatory-processes-and-device-science-activities
#16
Anita Nosratieh
: The responsibilities of the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) have increased since the inception of the Food and Drugs Act in 1906. Medical devices first came under comprehensive regulation with the passage of the 1938 Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act. In 1971 FDA also took on the responsibility for consumer protection against unnecessary exposure to radiation-emitting devices for home and occupational use. However it was not until 1976, under the Medical Device Regulation Act, that the FDA was responsible for the safety and effectiveness of medical devices...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048121/tu-ab-204-01-device-approval-process
#17
J Delfino
: The responsibilities of the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) have increased since the inception of the Food and Drugs Act in 1906. Medical devices first came under comprehensive regulation with the passage of the 1938 Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act. In 1971 FDA also took on the responsibility for consumer protection against unnecessary exposure to radiation-emitting devices for home and occupational use. However it was not until 1976, under the Medical Device Regulation Act, that the FDA was responsible for the safety and effectiveness of medical devices...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048009/tu-ab-204-03-research-activities-in-medical-physics
#18
A Badano
: The responsibilities of the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) have increased since the inception of the Food and Drugs Act in 1906. Medical devices first came under comprehensive regulation with the passage of the 1938 Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act. In 1971 FDA also took on the responsibility for consumer protection against unnecessary exposure to radiation-emitting devices for home and occupational use. However it was not until 1976, under the Medical Device Regulation Act, that the FDA was responsible for the safety and effectiveness of medical devices...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047465/tu-ab-204-02-device-adverse-events-and-compliance
#19
S Gonzales
: The responsibilities of the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) have increased since the inception of the Food and Drugs Act in 1906. Medical devices first came under comprehensive regulation with the passage of the 1938 Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act. In 1971 FDA also took on the responsibility for consumer protection against unnecessary exposure to radiation-emitting devices for home and occupational use. However it was not until 1976, under the Medical Device Regulation Act, that the FDA was responsible for the safety and effectiveness of medical devices...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047346/tu-ab-204-04-partnerships
#20
R Ochs
: The responsibilities of the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) have increased since the inception of the Food and Drugs Act in 1906. Medical devices first came under comprehensive regulation with the passage of the 1938 Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act. In 1971 FDA also took on the responsibility for consumer protection against unnecessary exposure to radiation-emitting devices for home and occupational use. However it was not until 1976, under the Medical Device Regulation Act, that the FDA was responsible for the safety and effectiveness of medical devices...
June 2016: Medical Physics
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