keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Occupational health and safety

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650713/occupational-chemical-exposures-a-collaboration-between-the-georgia-poison-center-and-the-occupational-safety-and-health-administration
#1
Aaron W Tustin, Alison Jones, Gaylord P Lopez, Glenn R Ketcham, Michael J Hodgson
CONTEXT: In the United States, regional poison centers frequently receive calls about toxic workplace exposures. Most poison centers do not share call details routinely with governmental regulatory agencies. Worker health and safety could be enhanced if regulators such as the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) had the ability to investigate these events and prevent similar incidents. With this goal in mind, the Georgia Poison Center (GPC) began referring occupational exposures to OSHA in July 2014...
June 26, 2017: Clinical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648194/-preventing-addictive-practices-in-the-workplace-thanks-to-occupational-health-services
#2
Corinne Dano
The workplace can be concerned by all types and all levels of addictive practices: consumption of alcohol or psychoactive substances, work addiction, internet addiction and technology addiction. Addictions can be related to multiple factors, both within and outside the workplace. With the employer, responsible for occupational health and safety, the multidisciplinary team of the inter-company occupational health service must today implement a collective and global prevention policy with regard to addictions, in addition to the traditional follow-up...
June 2017: Soins; la Revue de Référence Infirmière
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648099/social-anxiety-and-work-status-the-role-of-negative-metacognitive-beliefs-symptom-severity-and-cognitive-behavioural-factors
#3
Henrik Nordahl, Adrian Wells
BACKGROUND: Psychological health has a profound effect on personal and occupational functioning with Social Anxiety Symptoms in particular having a major effect on ability to work. Recent initiatives have focused on treating psychological illness with cognitive-behavioural models with a view to increasing return to work. However, the psychological correlates of work status amongst individuals with elevated mental health symptoms such as social anxiety are under-explored. AIMS: This study reports a test of unique predictors of work status drawing on variables that have been given centre stage in cognitive-behavioural models and in the metacognitive model of psychological disorder...
June 24, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645965/the-perspective-of-european-researchers-of-national-occupational-safety-and-health-institutes-for-contributing-to-a-european-research-agenda-a-modified-delphi-study
#4
Diana Gagliardi, Bruna M Rondinone, Marco Mirabile, Giuliana Buresti, Peter Ellwood, Michel Hery, Peter Paszkiewicz, Antonio Valenti, Sergio Iavicoli
OBJECTIVES: This study, developed within the frame of the Partnership for European Research on Occupational Safety and Health joint research activities and based on the frame designed by the 2013 European Agency for Safety and Health at Work (EU-OSHA) study, is the first example of using the points of view of European occupational safety and health (OSH) researchers.The objective is to identify priorities for OSH research that may contribute to the achievement of present and future sustainable growth objectives set by the European strategies...
June 23, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644548/repetitive-peripheral-magnetic-stimulation-for-activities-of-daily-living-and-functional-ability-in-people-after-stroke
#5
REVIEW
Ryo Momosaki, Naoki Yamada, Erika Ota, Masahiro Abo
BACKGROUND: Repetitive peripheral magnetic stimulation (rPMS) is a form of therapy that creates painless stimulation of deep muscle structures to improve motor function in people with physical impairment from brain or nerve disorders. Use of rPMS for people after stroke has been identified as a feasible approach to improve activities of daily living and functional ability. However, no systematic reviews have assessed the findings of available trials. The effect and safety of this intervention for people after stroke currently remain uncertain...
June 23, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640687/dust-exposure-and-coccidioidomycosis-prevention-among-solar-power-farm-construction-workers-in-california
#6
Gail L Sondermeyer Cooksey, Jason A Wilken, Jennifer McNary, Debra Gilliss, Dennis Shusterman, Barbara L Materna, Duc J Vugia
OBJECTIVES: To investigate if work activities, dust exposure, and protection measures were associated with a 2011 to 2014 coccidioidomycosis outbreak among workers constructing 2 solar farms in California. METHODS: In 2013, we mailed self-administered questionnaires to employees who were onsite at the solar farms where the outbreak occurred to identify cases of clinical coccidioidomycosis and compare with asymptomatic workers by using multivariate logistic regression...
June 22, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637463/health-and-safety-matters-associations-between-organizational-practices-and-personal-support-workers-life-and-work-stress-in-ontario-canada
#7
Isik U Zeytinoglu, Margaret Denton, Catherine Brookman, Sharon Davies, Firat K Sayin
BACKGROUND: The home and community care sector is one of the fastest growing sectors globally and most prominently in mature industrialized countries. Personal support workers (PSWs) are the largest occupational group in the sector. This paper focuses on the emotional health of PSWs working in the home and community care sector in Ontario, Canada. The purpose of this paper is to present evidence on the associations between PSWs' life and work stress and organizational practices of full-time and guaranteed hours, and PSWs' perceptions of support at work and preference for hours...
June 21, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637328/diesel-engine-exhaust-basis-for-occupational-exposure-limit-value
#8
Piia Taxell, Tiina Santonen
Diesel engines are widely used in transport and power supply, making occupational exposure to diesel exhaust common. Both human and animal studies associate exposure to diesel exhaust with inflammatory lung effects, cardiovascular effects, and an increased risk of lung cancer. The International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) has evaluated diesel exhaust as carcinogenic to humans. Yet national or regional limit values for controlling occupational exposure to diesel exhaust are rare. In recent decades, stricter emission regulations have led to diesel technologies evolving significantly, resulting in changes in exhaust emissions and composition...
June 15, 2017: Toxicological Sciences: An Official Journal of the Society of Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637219/preventing-occupational-injury-among-police-officers-does-motivation-matter
#9
D K C Chan, D Webb, R M Ryan, T C W Tang, S X Yang, N Ntoumanis, M S Hagger
Background: Injury prevention is an important issue for police officers, but the effectiveness of prevention initiatives is dependent on officers' motivation toward, and adherence to, recommended health and safety guidelines. Aims: To understand effects of police officers' motivation to prevent occupational injury on beliefs about safety and adherence to injury prevention behaviours. Methods: Full-time police officers completed a survey comprising validated psychometric scales to assess autonomous, controlled and amotivated forms of motivation (Treatment Self-Regulation Questionnaire), behavioural adherence (Self-reported Treatment Adherence Scale) and beliefs (Safety Attitude Questionnaire) with respect to injury prevention behaviours...
June 20, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636443/personal-protective-equipment-supply-chain-lessons-learned-from-recent-public-health-emergency-responses
#10
Anita Patel, Maryann M D'Alessandro, Karen J Ireland, W Greg Burel, Elaine B Wencil, Sonja A Rasmussen
Personal protective equipment (PPE) that protects healthcare workers from infection is a critical component of infection control strategies in healthcare settings. During a public health emergency response, protecting healthcare workers from infectious disease is essential, given that they provide clinical care to those who fall ill, have a high risk of exposure, and need to be assured of occupational safety. Like most goods in the United States, the PPE market supply is based on demand. The US PPE supply chain has minimal ability to rapidly surge production, resulting in challenges to meeting large unexpected increases in demand that might occur during a public health emergency...
May 2017: Health Security
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635439/social-and-occupational-factors-associated-with-psychological-wellbeing-among-occupational-groups-affected-by-disaster-a-systematic-review
#11
Samantha K Brooks, Rebecca Dunn, Richard Amlôt, G James Rubin, Neil Greenberg
BACKGROUND: The psychological impact of disasters has been well-documented; less attention has been paid to factors affecting the wellbeing of those exposed to disasters as occupational groups. AIMS: To conduct a systematic literature review identifying social and occupational factors affecting the wellbeing of disaster-exposed employees; to use these factors to identify recommendations for potential interventions. METHOD: Four electronic literature databases were searched; reference lists of relevant papers were hand-searched...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633660/a-re-assessment-of-the-safety-of-silver-in-household-water-treatment-rapid-systematic-review-of-mammalian-in-vivo-genotoxicity-studies
#12
REVIEW
Lorna Fewtrell, Batsirai Majuru, Paul R Hunter
BACKGROUND: Despite poor evidence of their effectiveness, colloidal silver and silver nanoparticles are increasingly being promoted for treating potentially contaminated drinking water in low income countries. Recently, however, concerns have been raised about the possible genotoxicity of particulate silver. OBJECTIVES: The goal of this paper was to review the published mammalian in vivo genotoxicity studies using silver micro and nanoparticles. METHODS: SCOPUS and Medline were searched using the following search string: ("DNA damage" OR genotox* OR Cytotox* OR Embryotox*) AND (silver OR AgNP)...
June 20, 2017: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629275/applying-learning-theory-to-safety-and-health-training-for-hispanic-immigrant-dairy-workers
#13
Patricia M Juárez-Carrillo, Amy K Liebman, Iris Anne C Reyes, Yurany V Ninco Sánchez, Matthew C Keifer
We designed a safety and health curriculum for dairy immigrant workers aiming to increase knowledge, encourage safe behavior, and reduce worker communication inequalities to prevent occupational injury and diseases. The design is largely based on the Taxonomy of Significant Learning and incorporated behavioral and adult learning theories and principles of occupational hazard control. Trainings were implemented with 836 Spanish-speaking workers from 67 farms in Wisconsin. Sixty-seven percent of workers reported never being trained before in dairy safety, 65% of these worked in dairy for 5 or fewers years, and 26% of workers reported being ever injured while working on dairy...
July 2017: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627152/-effectiveness-of-inspections-in-the-construction-sites-on-reducing-innjuries-a-pilot-study-in-a-health-unit-of-piedmont-region-northern-italy
#14
Walter Lazzarotto, Osvaldo Pasqualini, Elena Farina, Antonella Bena
OBJECTIVES: to describe a pilot study to evaluate the impact on injury rates of Occupational health and safety (OHS) inspections conducted in the construction sites of the Novara Health Unit territory during 2005-2007. DESIGN: study design is "treated/non treated" where: "treated" are construction companies inspected during 2005-2007 and not inspected in the periods before and after; "non treated" are construction companies never inspected during 2002-2010. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: two information sources have been used: Italian Workers' Compensation Authority databases and Novara Health Unit inspection database...
January 2017: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626796/determining-underground-mining-work-postures-using-motion-capture-and-digital-human-modeling
#15
Timothy J Lutz, Joseph P DuCarme, Adam K Smith, Dean Ambrose
According to Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA) data, during 2008-2012 in the U.S., there were, on average, 65 lost-time accidents per year during routine mining and maintenance activities involving remote-controlled continuous mining machines (CMMs). To address this problem, the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) is currently investigating the implementation and integration of existing and emerging technologies in underground mines to provide automated, intelligent proximity detection (iPD) devices on CMMs...
December 27, 2016: Journal of Environment and Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620931/assault-at-the-workplace-in-147-patients-resulting-in-cochleovestibular-dysfunction
#16
Ophir Ilan, Mohammed Iqbal Syed, Eitan Aziza, David D Pothier, John A Rutka
Assault and violence at the workplace although uncommon are occupational health and safety hazards. Although there is no paucity of literature on cochleovestibular dysfunction after head injuries, there is little published on cochleovestibular dysfunction as a consequence of assault at the workplace. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
June 16, 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616886/cancer-incidence-among-boat-building-workers-exposed-to-styrene
#17
Avima M Ruder, Stephen J Bertke
BACKGROUND: A cancer incidence analysis was conducted on The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health boat-builders cohort exposed to styrene, a possible carcinogen. METHODS: Standardized incidence ratios (SIR) and standardized rate ratios (SRR) were calculated using national and Washington State rates and a person-years analysis program. RESULTS: Among 3704 workers living in Washington State after 1991, when cancer registry case accrual began, 516 first primary diagnoses occurred through 2007...
July 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614925/-investigation-on-standard-application-of-industrial-dust-hazard-classification
#18
Y Lu, M Zhang, W H Chen
Objective: To investigate the application and effectiveness evaluation of the standard of GBZ/T 229.1-2010 in practice, and to explore the applicability, aiming to provide technical evidence for the revision of GBZ/T 229.1-2010. Methods: There were 2 questionnaire surveys carried out in the study, including general survey and specific survey. Databases were established and data were input with Excel 2010 and Epidata version 3.1 software. SPSS version 19.0 software was used for data cleaning and statistical analysis...
April 20, 2017: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614464/assessment-of-current-occupational-safety-and-health-regulations-and-legislation-in-the-caribbean
#19
Muge Akpinar-Elci, MyNgoc Nguyen, Marvin Randall, Satesh Bidaisee, Omur Elci, Olaniyi Olayinka, Julieta Rodriguez Guzman
Neglecting occupational safety and health (OSH) can have adverse and even deadly consequences. While OSH is important in any nation, the issue is particularly concerning in developing countries, including ones in the Caribbean. The purpose of this study, which was carried out in 2012 and 2013, was to examine the reasons for an apparent fundamental lack of awareness of OSH in the Caribbean. We conducted a descriptive study, in which a questionnaire was administered, via telephone, to key policy-making representatives from six English-speaking Caribbean nations, in order to assess the current OSH environment in their countries...
June 8, 2017: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609256/nano-metal-oxides-exposure-and-engineering-control-assessment
#20
Alberto Garcia, Adrienne Eastlake, Jennifer L Topmiller, Christopher Sparks, Kenneth Martinez, Charles L Geraci
In January 2007, the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) conducted a field study to evaluate process specific emissions during the production of ENMs. This study was performed using the nanoparticle emission assessment technique (NEAT). During this study, it was determined that ENMs were released during production and cleaning of the process reactor. Airborne concentrations of silver, nickel, and iron were found both in the employee's personal breathing zone and area samples during reactor cleaning...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
keyword
keyword
96428
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"