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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936897/uk-guidance-on-the-management-of-personal-dosimetry-systems-for-healthcare-staff-working-at-multiple-organisations
#1
Andy Rogers, Claire-Louise Chapple, Maria Murray, David Platton, John Saunderson
There has been concern expressed by the UK regulator, the Health & Safety Executive, regarding the management of occupation dose for healthcare radiation workers who work across multiple organisations. In response to this concern the British Institute of Radiology led a working group of relevant professional bodies to develop guidance in this area. The guidance addresses issues of general system management that would apply to all personal dosimetry systems, regardless of whether or not the workers within that system work across organisational boundaries, along with exploring efficient strategies to comply with legislation where those workers do indeed work across organisational boundaries...
September 12, 2017: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936001/characterization-of-airborne-float-coal-dust-emitted-during-continuous-mining-longwall-mining-and-belt-transport
#2
M R Shahan, C E Seaman, T W Beck, J F Colinet, S E Mischler
Float coal dust is produced by various mining methods, carried by ventilating air and deposited on the floor, roof and ribs of mine airways. If deposited, float dust is re-entrained during a methane explosion. Without sufficient inert rock dust quantities, this float coal dust can propagate an explosion throughout mining entries. Consequently, controlling float coal dust is of critical interest to mining operations. Rock dusting, which is the adding of inert material to airway surfaces, is the main control technique currently used by the coal mining industry to reduce the float coal dust explosion hazard...
September 2017: Mining Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934187/respiratory-and-ocular-symptoms-among-employees-of-an-indoor-waterpark-resort-ohio-2016
#3
Sophia K Chiu, Nancy C Burton, Kevin H Dunn, Marie A de Perio
In July 2015, a municipal health department in Ohio received complaints of respiratory and ocular symptoms from patrons of an indoor waterpark resort. In response, the health department conducted an online survey in August 2015 through which 19 (68%) patron and employee respondents reported eye burning, nose irritation, difficulty breathing, and vomiting. On August 11, 2015, the health department requested a health hazard evaluation by CDC's National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health to characterize the prevalence of symptoms among employees and determine the etiology of work-related symptoms...
September 22, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933701/a-cross-sectional-descriptive-study-of-medication-use-among-persons-with-a-gastrointestinal-stoma
#4
Bianca Augusta Pereira de Paula, Geisa Cristina da Silva Alves, Álvaro PercÍnio, Mariana Linhares Pereira, Juliano Teixeira Moraes, Cristina Sanches
Research on the use of medications in people with intestinal stomas is lacking, creating gaps in knowledge of pharmacoepidemiology in these patients. A cross-sectional, descriptive study was conducted over a period of 4 months in Divinópolis, Brazil to describe the profile of medication use among people enrolled in the Health Support Service for People with Stoma - Level II (SSPS II) of a municipality in the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil. All patients from SSPS II with a colostomy or ileostomy were invited by phone to participate; those with incomplete registration data and/or who were <18 years old, hospitalized for any reason, or had their stoma reversed were excluded from participation...
September 2017: Ostomy/wound Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931383/evaluation-of-caregiver-friendly-workplace-policy-cfwps-interventions-on-the-health-of-full-time-caregiver-employees-ces-implementation-and-cost-benefit-analysis
#5
Allison M Williams, Emile Tompa, Donna S Lero, Janet Fast, Amin Yazdani, Isik U Zeytinoglu
BACKGROUND: Current Canadian evidence illustrating the health benefits and cost-effectiveness of caregiver-friendly workplace policies is needed if Canadian employers are to adopt and integrate caregiver-friendly workplace policies into their employment practices. The goal of this three-year, three study research project is to provide such evidence for the auto manufacturing and educational services sectors. The research questions being addressed are: What are the impacts for employers (economic) and workers (health) of caregiver-friendly workplace policy intervention(s) for full-time caregiver-employees? What are the impacts for employers, workers and society of the caregiver-friendly workplace policy intervention(s) in each participating workplace? What contextual factors impact the successful implementation of caregiver-friendly workplace policy intervention(s)? METHODS: Using a pre-post-test comparative case study design, Study A will determine the effectiveness of newly implemented caregiver-friendly workplace policy intervention(s) across two workplaces to determine impacts on caregiver-employee health...
September 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927165/air-and-surface-sampling-method-for-assessing-exposures-to-quaternary-ammonium-compounds-using-liquid-chromatography-tandem-mass-spectrometry
#6
Ryan F LeBouf, Mohammed Abbas Virji, Anand Ranpara, Aleksandr B Stefaniak
This method was designed for sampling select quaternary ammonium (quat) compounds in air or on surfaces followed by analysis using ultraperformance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry. Target quats were benzethonium chloride, didecyldimethylammonium bromide, benzyldimethyldodecylammonium chloride, benzyldimethyltetradecylammonium chloride, and benzyldimethylhexadecylammonium chloride. For air sampling, polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) filters are recommended for 15-min to 24-hour sampling. For surface sampling, Pro-wipe® 880 (PW) media was chosen...
July 1, 2017: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914424/new-perspectives-in-nanotherapeutics-for-chronic-respiratory-diseases
#7
Adriana Lopes da Silva, Fernanda Ferreira Cruz, Patricia Rieken Macedo Roccco, Marcelo Marcos Morales
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), hundreds of millions of people of all ages and in all countries suffer from chronic respiratory diseases, with particular negative consequences such as poor health-related quality of life, impaired work productivity, and limitations in the activities of daily living. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, asthma, occupational lung diseases (such as silicosis), cystic fibrosis, and pulmonary arterial hypertension are the most common of these diseases, and none of them are curable with current therapies...
September 15, 2017: Biophysical Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905851/increased-double-product-on-monday-morning-during-work
#8
Genjiro Kimura, Nobutaka Inoue, Hiroumi Mizuno, Masaaki Izumi, Katsuyuki Nagatoya, Akira Ohtahara, Masanori Munakata
It has been reported that cardiovascular events often occur on Monday morning, especially in the young working population. Because hypertension is a major cardiovascular risk, we examined whether blood pressure was elevated on Monday, especially in the morning during work. However, there were no weekly rhythms in blood pressure itself. Instead, we found significant interactions between the double product (systolic blood pressure × heart rate) and weekly (high on Monday) and circadian (high in the morning) rhythms...
July 2017: Hypertension Research: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904248/the-system-and-human-resources-for-occupational-health-in-republic-of-indonesia-for-japanese-enterprises-to-manage-proper-occupational-health-activities-at-overseas-workplaces
#9
Ko Hiraoka, Shigeyuki Kajiki, Yuichi Kobayashi, Nuri Purwito Adi, Dewi Sumaryani Soemarko, Masamichi Uehara, Shigemoto Nakanishi, Koji Mori
OBJECTIVES: To consider the appropriate occupational health system for Japanese enterprises in Indonesia with information on the regulations and development of the specialists. METHODS: In this study, we used the information-gathering checklist developed by Kajiki et al. Along with literature and internet surveys, we surveyed local corporations owned and operated by Indonesians, central government agencies in charge of medical and health issues, a Japanese independent administrative agency supporting subsidiaries of overseas Japanese enterprises, and an educational institution formulating specialized occupational physician training curricula...
September 13, 2017: Sangyō Eiseigaku Zasshi, Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899316/road-safety-serious-injuries-remain-a-major-unsolved-problem
#10
Ben Beck, Peter A Cameron, Mark C Fitzgerald, Rodney T Judson, Warwick Teague, Ronan A Lyons, Belinda J Gabbe
OBJECTIVE: To investigate temporal trends in the incidence, mortality, disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs), and costs of health loss caused by serious road traffic injury. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: A retrospective review of data from the population-based Victorian State Trauma Registry and the National Coronial Information System on road traffic-related deaths (pre- and in-hospital) and major trauma (Injury Severity Score > 12) during 2007-2015.Main outcomes and measures: Temporal trends in the incidence of road traffic-related major trauma, mortality, DALYs, and costs of health loss, by road user type...
September 18, 2017: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898969/job-specific-mandatory-medical-examinations-for-the-police-force
#11
J S Boschman, C T J Hulshof, M H W Frings-Dresen, J K Sluiter
Background: Mandatory medical examinations (MMEs) of workers should be based on the health and safety requirements that are needed for effectively performing the relevant work. For police personnel in the Netherlands, no job-specific MME exists that takes the specific tasks and duties into account. Aims: To provide the Dutch National Police with a knowledge base for job-specific MMEs for police personnel that will lead to equitable decisions from an occupational health perspective about who can perform police duties...
August 1, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898967/systematic-review-lost-time-injuries-in-the-us-mining-industry
#12
B Nowrouzi-Kia, B Sharma, C Dignard, Z Kerekes, J Dumond, A Li, M Larivière
Background: The mining industry is associated with high levels of accidents, injuries and illnesses. Lost-time injuries are useful measures of health and safety in mines, and the effectiveness of its safety programmes. Aims: To identify the type of lost-time injuries in the US mining workforce and to examine predictors of these occupational injuries. Methods: Primary papers on lost-time injuries in the US mining sector were identified through a literature search in eight health, geology and mining databases, using a systematic review protocol tailored to each database...
August 1, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898963/job-demands-resources-and-mental-health-in-uk-prison-officers
#13
G Kinman, A J Clements, J Hart
Background: Research findings indicate that working as a prison officer can be highly stressful, but the aspects of work that predict their mental health status are largely unknown. Aims: To examine, using elements of the demands-resources model, the extent to which work pressure and several potential resources (i.e. control, support from managers and co-workers, role clarity, effective working relationships and positive change management) predict mental health in a sample of UK prison officers...
August 1, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892936/hazards-and-health-risks-encountered-by-manual-sand-dredgers-from-udupi-india-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
Sidhiprada Mohapatra, Alfiya Shaikh, Priyanka Nayak, Rajesh Navada
INTRODUCTION: Globalization and urbanization have resulted in an increased demand on sand dredging. Legal and environmental restrictions on automated dredging have led to a rise in manual technique. The working techniques and environment involved in manual sand dredging may expose the workers to multiple work related disorders. AIM: To determine the health risks and occupational hazards involved in manual sand dredging. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An assessment schedule was developed and content was validated by five experts for the study...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889134/pesticide-applicators-questionnaire-content-validation-a-fuzzy-delphi-method
#15
S K Manakandan, I Rosnah, J Mohd Ridhuan, R Priya
BACKGROUND: The most crucial step in forming a set of survey questionnaire is deciding the appropriate items in a construct. Retaining irrelevant items and removing important items will certainly mislead the direction of a particular study. This article demonstrates Fuzzy Delphi method as one of the scientific analysis technique to consolidate consensus agreement within a panel of experts pertaining to each item's appropriateness. This method reduces the ambiguity, diversity, and discrepancy of the opinions among the experts hence enhances the quality of the selected items...
August 2017: Medical Journal of Malaysia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883681/occupational-disease-registries-characteristics-and-experiences
#16
Somayeh Davoodi, Khosro Sadeghniat Haghighi, Sharareh Rostam Niakan Kalhori, Narges Shams Hosseini, Zeinab Mohammadzadeh, Reza Safdari
INTRODUCTION: Due to growth of occupational diseases and also increase of public awareness about their consequences, attention to various aspects of diseases and improve occupational health and safety has found great importance. Therefore, there is the need for appropriate information management tools such as registries in order to recognitions of diseases patterns and then making decision about prevention, early detection and treatment of them. These registries have different characteristics in various countries according to their occupational health priorities...
June 2017: Acta Informatica Medica: AIM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882443/debate-on-vaccines-and-autoimmunity-do-not-attack-the-author-yet-discuss-it-methodologically
#17
Nicola Luigi Bragazzi, Abdulla Watad, Howard Amital, Yehuda Shoenfeld
Since Jenner, vaccines and vaccinations have stirred a hot, highly polarized debate, leading to contrasting positions and feelings, ranging from acritical enthusiasm to blind denial. On the one hand, we find anti-vaccination movements which divulge and disseminate misleading information, myths, prejudices, and even frauds, with the main aim of denying that vaccination practices represent a major public health measure, being effective in controlling infectious diseases and safeguarding the wellbeing of entire communities...
September 4, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882277/the-need-for-detailed-gender-specific-occupational-safety-analysis
#18
Fernanda Cruz Rios, Wai K Chong, David Grau
INTRODUCTION: The female work in population is growing in the United States, therefore the occupational health and safety entities must start to analyze gender-specific data related to every industry, especially to nontraditional occupations. Women working in nontraditional jobs are often exposed to extreme workplace hazards. These women have their safety and health threatened because there are no adequate policies to mitigate gender-specific risks such as discrimination and harassment...
September 2017: Journal of Safety Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882271/association-between-safety-leading-indicators-and-safety-climate-levels
#19
Saeed Givehchi, Ehsan Hemmativaghef, Hassan Hoveidi
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the association of leading indicators for occupational health and safety, particularly safety inspections and non-compliances, with safety climate levels. METHODS: Nordic Occupational Safety Climate Assessment Questionnaire was employed to evaluate safety climate in cross-sectional design. The geographically diverse population of the inspection body made it possible to conduct the survey across 10 provinces in Iran...
September 2017: Journal of Safety Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882269/the-construction-face-database-codifying-the-niosh-face-reports
#20
Xiuwen Sue Dong, Julie A Largay, Xuanwen Wang, Chris Trahan Cain, Nancy Romano
INTRODUCTION: The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) has published reports detailing the results of investigations on selected work-related fatalities through the Fatality Assessment and Control Evaluation (FACE) program since 1982. METHOD: Information from construction-related FACE reports was coded into the Construction FACE Database (CFD). Use of the CFD was illustrated by analyzing major CFD variables. RESULTS: A total of 768 construction fatalities were included in the CFD...
September 2017: Journal of Safety Research
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