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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351632/presenteeism-in-academic-employees-occupational-and-individual-factors
#1
G Kinman, S Wray
Background: There is growing evidence that presenteeism can be damaging for individuals and organizations. It is, therefore, important to identify the prevalence of working while sick in different working environments and the factors that contribute to such behaviour. Aims: To examine the prevalence of self-reported presenteeism in academic staff working in UK universities and colleges and the extent to which job demands, control, support and work engagement are risk factors...
January 17, 2018: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351630/prevalence-and-trends-of-transfusion-transmittable-infections-among-blood-donors-in-southwest-china
#2
Ting Xu, Zhong-Mei Yi, Jun-Mei Luo, He-Lian Yu, Ya-Han Fan, Hua Lu, Shu-Ming Zhao, Tian-Lun Jiang
Background: The high prevalence of transfusion-transmitted infections (TTIs) is causing serious harm to human health worldwide. The aim of this research was to assess the prevalence and influencing factors of TTIs in Southwest China. Methods: A retrospective study of blood donor records from January 2008 to December 2015 was conducted. All samples were screened for HBV, HCV, HIV and syphilis. The donor's data was recorded and analyzed statistically using SPSS software...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348700/open-air-sprays-for-capturing-and-controlling-airborne-float-coal-dust-on-longwall-faces
#3
T W Beck, C E Seaman, M R Shahan, S E Mischler
Float dust deposits in coal mine return airways pose a risk in the event of a methane ignition. Controlling airborne dust prior to deposition in the return would make current rock dusting practices more effective and reduce the risk of coal-dust-fueled explosions. The goal of this U.S. National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health study is to determine the potential of open-air water sprays to reduce concentrations of airborne float coal dust, smaller than 75 ┬Ám in diameter, in longwall face airstreams...
January 2018: Mining Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348699/industrial-internet-of-things-iiot-applications-in-underground-coal-mines
#4
C Zhou, N Damiano, B Whisner, M Reyes
The Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT), a concept that combines sensor networks and control systems, has been employed in several industries to improve productivity and safety. U.S. National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) researchers are investigating IIoT applications to identify the challenges of and potential solutions for transferring IIoT from other industries to the mining industry. Specifically, NIOSH has reviewed existing sensors and communications network systems used in U.S...
December 2017: Mining Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346001/strategies-and-challenges-in-preventing-violence-against-canadian-indoor-sex-workers
#5
Vicky Bungay, Adrian Guta
OBJECTIVES: To examine indoor sex workers' strategies in preventing workplace violence and influential socio-structural conditions. METHODS: Data included qualitative interviews with 85 sex workers in British Columbia, Canada, from 2014 through 2016. For analyses, we used interpretive thematic techniques informed by World Health Organization position statements on violence. RESULTS: Robbery, nonpayment, financial exploitation, and privacy violations were frequent types of violence perpetrated by clients, landlords, and neighbors...
January 18, 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344531/factors-affecting-the-place-of-delivery-among-mothers-residing-in-jhorahat-vdc-morang-nepal
#6
Prativa Dhakal, Mangala Shrestha, Dharanidhar Baral, Santosh Pathak
Background: In Nepal, the maternal mortality ratio is 281 per thousand live births, among which 40% mortality occurs during home delivery. Home delivery increases the risk of maternal and neonatal mortality and morbidity due to the birth not assisted by skilled attendant. This study was carried out to determine the factors affecting the place of delivery among the mothers residing in Jhorahat VDC, Morang district, Nepal. Methods: A mixed method study using interviews based on semi-structured questionnaire (n=93) among mothers and two focus group discussion among decision makers of the house and female community health volunteers was conducted between November to December 2012...
January 2018: International Journal of Community Based Nursing and Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341224/comparative-rna-seq-transcriptome-analysis-on-silica-induced-pulmonary-inflammation-and-fibrosis-in-mice-silicosis-model
#7
Jiayi Chen, Yuqin Yao, Xiaolan Su, Ying Shi, Xuejiao Song, Linshen Xie, Jia You, Liantian Tian, Luo Yang, Aiping Fang, Jingyuan Xiong
Silicosis is a long-established public health issue in developing countries due to increasingly serious air pollution and poorly implemented occupational safety regulation. Inhalation of silica triggers cytotoxicity, oxidative stress, pulmonary inflammation and eventually silicosis. Current understanding in the pathogenesis and mechanism of silicosis is limited, and no effective cure is clinically available once silicosis is developed. A number of studies were conducted to investigate silica-induced alternate gene expressions in pulmonary cells...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Applied Toxicology: JAT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328055/an-analysis-of-radon-levels-in-the-basements-of-uk-workplaces-and-review-of-when-employers-should-test
#8
Tracy Dawn Gooding
Radon is a recognised lung carcinogen. The main source of radon in UK buildings is the ground. As basements have more ground contact than other parts of a building, and often limited ventilation, there is an increased potential for high radon levels to occur. Regulations are in place in the UK to control radon exposures at work, which prompt employers to undertake risk assessments, test where necessary and take action if levels exceed certain thresholds. Both Public Health England (PHE) and the Health and Safety Executive (HSE) currently advise employers to test routinely occupied basements for radon, irrespective of geographical location; the minimum annual occupancy threshold has been established as one hour per week (approximately 50 hours per year)...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Radiological Protection: Official Journal of the Society for Radiological Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327214/interaction-effect-of-job-insecurity-and-role-ambiguity-on-psychological-distress-in-japanese-employees-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Akiomi Inoue, Norito Kawakami, Hisashi Eguchi, Akizumi Tsutsumi
PURPOSE: We examined the interaction effect of job insecurity (JI) and role ambiguity (RA) on psychological distress in Japanese employees. METHODS: Overall, 2184 male and 805 female employees from two factories of a manufacturing company in Japan completed a self-administered questionnaire comprising the scales measuring JI (Job Content Questionnaire), RA (National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Generic Job Stress Questionnaire), psychological distress (K6 scale), and potential confounders (i...
January 11, 2018: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325162/an-analysis-of-adverse-events-in-the-rehabilitation-department-using-the-veterans-affairs-root-cause-analysis-system
#10
Gregory W Hagley, Peter D Mills, Brian Shiner, Robin R Hemphill
Background: Root cause analyses (RCA) are often completed in health care settings to determine causes of adverse events (AEs). RCAs result in action plans designed to mitigate future patient harm. National reviews of RCA reports have assessed the safety of numerous health care settings and suggested opportunities for improvement. However, few studies have assessed the safety of receiving care from physical therapists, occupational therapists, or speech and language pathology pathologists...
January 9, 2018: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322580/a-study-of-environmental-factors-affecting-nurses-comfort-and-protection-in-wearing-n95-respirators-during-bedside-procedures
#11
P P L Or, J W Y Chung, T K S Wong
AIM: To investigate room temperature and relative humidity affecting nurses' comfort and protection in wearing N95 respirators during clinical bedside procedures. BACKGROUND: N95 respirators are most commonly used to protect healthcare workers against airborne diseases. The elastic head straps required for tight fit may cause headache, facial pain and/or ear lobe discomfort. Although some past fit test results showed that these respirators are likely to fit comfortably, in reality any discomfort from use may influence negatively their appeal and acceptability and thus lower their effectiveness to protect the wearers...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320939/new-york-state-s-cosh-movement-a-brief-history
#12
Michael Lax
Unions, health and safety activists, and professionals came together to create Coalitions for Occupational Safety and Health (COSH groups) in a number of cities across the United States beginning in the 1970s. The COSHes have played an important and unique role in advocating worker health and safety since that time, through activities including technical assistance, training and education, and campaigns on workplace and public policies. In New York State, activist coalitions created eight COSH groups distributed around the state...
January 1, 2018: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320232/barriers-to-the-adoption-of-wearable-sensors-in-the-workplace-a-survey-of-occupational-safety-and-health-professionals
#13
Mark C Schall, Richard F Sesek, Lora A Cavuoto
OBJECTIVE: To gather information on the (a) types of wearable sensors, particularly personal activity monitors, currently used by occupational safety and health (OSH) professionals; (b) potential benefits of using such technologies in the workplace; and (c) perceived barriers preventing the widespread adoption of wearable sensors in industry. BACKGROUND: Wearable sensors are increasingly being promoted as a means to improve employee health and well-being, and there is mounting evidence supporting their use as exposure assessment and personal health tools...
January 1, 2018: Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316884/sharp-injuries-a-cross-sectional-study-among-health-care-workers-in-a-provincial-teaching-hospital-in-china
#14
Zhuo Cui, Jingrui Zhu, Xiangjun Zhang, Bairu Wang, Xiaojun Li
BACKGROUND: The objectives of this study are to investigate the incidence and reporting behavior of sharp injuries among healthcare workers (HCWs) and identify the risk factors associated with these injuries. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in February 2017 in a provincial teaching hospital in China. Data were collected from 901 HCWs using a self-administered questionnaire which included demographic information, experience, and reporting behavior of sharp injuries...
January 10, 2018: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316753/-analysis-of-acute-occupational-poisoning-events-in-china-during-2006-2016
#15
N Lang, J Zhou, Y Yuan, C Y Sun, Y Yin
Objective: To analyze the epidemic characteristics of acute occupational poisoning events in order to state the regularity of outbreak and provide scientific evidences of prevention and control measure in China. Methods: According to the report information from the Management Information System of Public Health Emergency, we analyzed acute occupational poisoning events time distribution, regional distribution, toxicant variety, route of exposure and events detection from 2006 to 2016. Results: The total number of acute occupational poisoning events reported in 26 provinces of China from 2006 to 2016 was 337, causing 2 399 people poisoned, and the fatality rate was 18...
November 20, 2017: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315278/a-qualitative-study-of-hr-ohs-stress-interventions-in-australian-universities
#16
Silvia Pignata, Anthony H Winefield, Carolyn M Boyd, Chris Provis
To enhance the understanding of psychosocial factors and extend research on work stress interventions, we investigated the key human resource (HR)/occupational health and safety (OHS) stress interventions implemented at five Australian universities over a three-year period. Five senior HR Directors completed an online survey to identify the intervention strategies taken at their university in order to reduce stress and enhance employee well-being and morale. We also explored the types of individual-, organization-, and individual/organization-directed interventions that were implemented, and the strategies that were prioritized at each university...
January 9, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313156/frequency-of-self-reported-concussion-amongst-professional-and-semi-professional-footballers-in-ireland-during-the-2014-season-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
Nicola Coffey, Martin Lawless, Seamus Kelly, Conor Buggy
BACKGROUND: This paper examines the occupational risk of concussion amongst professional and semi-professional footballers in Ireland during the 2014 League of Ireland season. As part of a broader nationally representative study examining occupational safety and health (OSH) awareness amongst professional footballers, this empirical quantitative study, utilising a convenience sample is the first and largest investigation of the frequency of, and attitudes towards, concussion and concussion reporting amongst Irish senior professional and semi-professional footballers...
January 8, 2018: Sports Medicine—Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311440/understanding-the-administrative-regulation-on-occupational-health-and-trend-in-china
#18
Zhijun Zhou
With the immense economic growth and social development, China has gained worldwide attention. With the quick growth of industrialization, several international professionals are gaining interest in occupational management system and in the role of the Chinese Government in protecting the worker's health. The Law on Prevention and Control of Occupational Diseases and the Work Safety Law are the two most important laws in China, which highlight the responsibilities of the employer, employee, governmental agencies, authorized occupational health service agency, and other stakeholders...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310764/reducing-environmental-allergic-triggers-policy-issues
#19
Stuart L Abramson
The implementation of policies to reduce environmental allergic triggers can be an important adjunct to optimal patient care for allergic rhinitis and allergic asthma. Policies at the local level in schools and other public as well as private buildings can make an impact on disease morbidity. Occupational exposures for allergens have not yet been met with the same rigorous policy standards applied for exposures to toxicants by Occupational Safety and Health Administration. Further benefit may be obtained through policies by local, county, state, and national governments, and possibly through international cooperative agreements...
January 2018: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310609/self-medication-among-pregnant-women-attending-antenatal-clinic-at-makongoro-health-centre-in-mwanza-tanzania-a-challenge-to-health-systems
#20
Karol J Marwa, Agnes Njalika, Deodatus Ruganuza, Deogratias Katabalo, Erasmus Kamugisha
BACKGROUND: Self-medication is a universal challenge that requires attention because of the potential threat not only to the pregnant women but also to unborn child. Data on self-medication practice and predictors among pregnant women is lacking in Tanzania. Information on the effects of this practice to the pregnant woman and the foetus globally is also scanty. METHODS: This was a cross sectional study which was conducted using face to face interview with 372 pregnant women at Makongoro health centre...
January 8, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
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