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Clinical nutrition medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424063/clinical-and-cost-effectiveness-analysis-of-early-detection-of-patients-at-nutrition-risk-during-their-hospital-stay-through-the-new-screening-method-cipa-a-study-protocol
#1
José Pablo Suárez-Llanos, Néstor Benítez-Brito, Laura Vallejo-Torres, Irina Delgado-Brito, Adriá Rosat-Rodrigo, Carolina Hernández-Carballo, Yolanda Ramallo-Fariña, Francisca Pereyra-García-Castro, Juan Carlos-Romero, Nieves Felipe-Pérez, Jennifer García-Niebla, Eduardo Mauricio Calderón-Ledezma, Teresa de Jesús González-Melián, Ignacio Llorente-Gómez de Segura, Manuel Ángel Barrera-Gómez
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition is highly prevalent in hospitalized patients and results in a worsened clinical course as well as an increased length of stay, mortality, and costs. Therefore, simple nutrition screening systems, such as CIPA (control of food intake, protein, anthropometry), may be implemented to facilitate the patient's recovery process. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of implementing such screening tool in a tertiary hospital, consistent with the lack of similar, published studies on any hospital nutrition screening system...
April 20, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422124/prevalence-of-type-2-diabetes-and-its-complications-in-india-and-economic-costs-to-the-nation
#2
REVIEW
R Pradeepa, V Mohan
Diabetes, a major lifestyle disorder, has become a global burden, and the prevalence rates are rising steeply in developing economies. Rapid socioeconomic transition with urbanization and industrialization are the main causes for the global diabetes epidemic. Among developing economies, the highest increase in number of people with diabetes is in China followed by India. In India, the epidemic of diabetes continue to increase and is experiencing a shift in diabetes prevalence from urban to rural areas, the affluent to the less privileged and from older to younger people...
April 19, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410627/polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-in-perinatal-depression-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
Pao-Yen Lin, Cheng-Ho Chang, Mary Foong-Fong Chong, Helen Chen, Kuan-Pin Su
BACKGROUND: Omega-3 (or n-3) polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) are promising antidepressant treatments for perinatal depression (PND) because of supporting evidence from clinical trials, the advantage in safety, and their anti-inflammatory and neuroplastic effects. Although several observational studies have shown n-3 PUFA deficits in women with PND, the results of individual PUFAs from different studies were inconsistent. METHODS: This systematic review and meta-analysis aims to compare the levels of PUFA indices, including eicosapentaenoic acid, docosahexaenoic acid, arachidonic acid, total n-3, total n-6, and the n-6/n-3 ratio between women with PND and healthy control subjects...
March 9, 2017: Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410445/integrative-skin-care-dermatology-and-traditional-and-complementary-medicine
#4
Gerard Bodeker, Terence J Ryan, Adva Volk, Jahnavi Harris, Gemma Burford Mbiochem
Skin problems and diseases are extremely common globally and, due to their visibility, often result in severe distress and stigma for sufferers. Traditional (i.e., indigenous or local) and complementary health systems are widely used and incorporate many treatment modalities suitable for skin care, and a body of evidence for their efficacy and safety has built up over many decades. These approaches are often used as part of a broader "integrative medicine" (IM) approach that may also include, for example, nutrition and mind-body approaches...
April 14, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406728/clinical-evaluation-of-a-polyherbal-nutritional-supplement-in-dyslipidemic-volunteers
#5
Subramanian Suganya, Subapriya Natarajan, Duraipandian Chamundeeswari, Anand Anbarasu, Kunissery A Balasubramanian, Lynn C Schneider, Balaji Nandagopal
Ten important plant parts routinely used in South Indian ethnic food preparation as spices and condiments were investigated for their potential antidyslipidemic properties. The aim of the study was to characterize the biochemical properties of the polyherbal formulation (nutritional supplement) and evaluate its use to control dyslipidemia in patients. Phytochemical evaluation, in vitro α-amylase inhibitory assay, and high performance thin layer chromatography (HPTLC) fingerprinting were carried out with alcoholic extracts of all 10 individual plants and with the nutritional supplement...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397551/biological-effects-and-clinical-applications-of-dwarf-elder-sambucus-ebulus-l-a-review
#6
Marzie Jabbari, Babak Daneshfard, Majid Emtiazy, Ali Khiveh, Mohammad Hashem Hashempur
Dwarf elder ( Sambucus ebulus L) is one of the best known medicinal herbs since ancient times. In view of its benefits as a widely applicable phytomedicine, it is still used in folk medicine of different parts of the world. In addition to its nutritional values, dwarf elder contains different phytochemicals among which flavonoids and lectins are responsible for most of its therapeutic effects. Dwarf elder has been used for different ailments including: joint pains, cold, wounds, and infections. Nevertheless, recent evidence has revealed its potentials for making attempts at treating cancer and metabolic disorders...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Complementary & Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390848/-the-advent-of-a-newborn-specialty-19th-century-pediatrics
#7
Jean-Jacques Baudon
Pediatrics began under the most unfavorable conditions that are difficult to imagine nowadays. Children at the start of the 19th century were considered as negligible. The death rate was tremendous, increased by the work of children in factories as soon as 6 years of age in textile industries. In upper classes, infants were fed by a wet nurse, far from their parents and death rate was high as well. The emergence of pediatrics was the result of work carried out in adult medicine in the first half of the 19th century: clinical anatomic method, knowledge of contagious diseases even before the discovery of bacteria, birth of bacteriology...
April 5, 2017: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374096/the-intensive-care-medicine-research-agenda-in-nutrition-and-metabolism
#8
REVIEW
Yaseen M Arabi, Michael P Casaer, Marianne Chapman, Daren K Heyland, Carole Ichai, Paul E Marik, Robert G Martindale, Stephen A McClave, Jean-Charles Preiser, Jean Reignier, Todd W Rice, Greet Van den Berghe, Arthur R H van Zanten, Peter J M Weijs
PURPOSE: The objectives of this review are to summarize the current practices and major recent advances in critical care nutrition and metabolism, review common beliefs that have been contradicted by recent trials, highlight key remaining areas of uncertainty, and suggest recommendations for the top 10 studies/trials to be done in the next 10 years. METHODS: Recent literature was reviewed and developments and knowledge gaps were summarized. The panel identified candidate topics for future trials in critical care nutrition and metabolism...
April 3, 2017: Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372259/medicinal-plants-and-phytochemicals-with-anti-obesogenic-potentials-a-review
#9
REVIEW
Ramgopal Mopuri, Md Shahidul Islam
Human mortality has been significantly increased in last few decades due to the increased prevalence of obesity and associated chronic disorders such as type 2 diabetes, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, coronary heart disease and atherosclerosis. Apart from genetic and medicine or drug related side effects, nearly 90-95% people became obese due to the imbalanced calorie intake and lack of nutritional knowledge. The anti-obesogenic drugs, Orlistat and Sibutramine, which have been duly approved by Food and Drug Administration (FDA), USA, work very well on diet-induced obesity however they are not getting popular to the people with overweight/obesity due to the higher cost and severe side effects...
March 29, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359656/in-center-nocturnal-hemodialysis-versus-conventional-hemodialysis-a-systematic-review-of-the-evidence
#10
Ben Wong, David Collister, Maliha Muneer, Dale Storie, Mark Courtney, Anita Lloyd, Sandra Campbell, Robert P Pauly
BACKGROUND: Owing to its longer treatment duration-up to 8 hours per dialysis treatment-in-center thrice-weekly nocturnal hemodialysis (HD) is receiving greater attention. To better understand the evidence for in-center nocturnal HD, we sought to systematically review the literature to determine the effects of in-center nocturnal HD versus conventional HD on clinically relevant outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: We searched MEDLINE, Embase, Evidence-Based Medicine Reviews (EBMR), Web of Science, and Scopus from the earliest date in the database to November 2016...
March 27, 2017: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351509/adequate-calcium-intake-during-long-periods-improves-bone-mineral-density-in-healthy-children-data-from-the-childhood-obesity-project
#11
Ricardo Closa-Monasterolo, Marta Zaragoza-Jordana, Natàlia Ferré, Veronica Luque, Veit Grote, Berthold Koletzko, Elvira Verduci, Fiammetta Vecchi, Joaquin Escribano
BACKGROUND: Bone mineralization can be influenced by genetic factors, hormonal status, nutrition, physical activity and body composition. The association of higher calcium (Ca) intake or Ca supplementation with better bone mineral density (BMD) remains controversial. Furthermore, it has been speculated that maintaining long-term adequate Ca intake rather than having a brief supplementation period is more effective. The aim of the study was to prospectively analyse the influence of adequate Ca intake on BMD at 7 years of age in European children...
March 16, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345769/best-practice-policy-statement-on-urodynamic-antibiotic-prophylaxis-in-the-non-index-patient
#12
REVIEW
Anne P Cameron, Lysanne Campeau, Benjamin M Brucker, J Quentin Clemens, Gregory T Bales, Michael E Albo, Michael J Kennelly
AIMS: Antibiotic prophylaxis before urodynamic testing (UDS) is widely utilized to prevent urinary tract infection (UTI) with only limited guidance. The Society of Urodynamics, Female Pelvic Medicine, and Urogenital Reconstruction (SUFU) convened a Best Practice Policy Panel to formulate recommendations on the urodynamic antibiotic prophylaxis in the non-index patient. METHODS: Recommendations are based on a literature review and the Panel's expert opinion, with all recommendations graded using the Oxford grading system...
March 27, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333597/when-is-parenteral-nutrition-appropriate
#13
Patricia Worthington, Jane Balint, Matthew Bechtold, Angela Bingham, Lingtak-Neander Chan, Sharon Durfee, Andrea K Jevenn, Ainsley Malone, Maria Mascarenhas, Daniel T Robinson, Beverly Holcombe
Parenteral nutrition (PN) represents one of the most notable achievements of modern medicine, serving as a therapeutic modality for all age groups across the healthcare continuum. PN offers a life-sustaining option when intestinal failure prevents adequate oral or enteral nutrition. However, providing nutrients by vein is an expensive form of nutrition support, and serious adverse events can occur. In an effort to provide clinical guidance regarding PN therapy, the Board of Directors of the American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition (ASPEN) convened a task force to develop consensus recommendations regarding appropriate PN use...
March 2017: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275609/the-domains-of-human-nutrition-the-importance-of-nutrition-education-in-academia-and-medical-schools
#14
Lorenzo M Donini, Francesco Leonardi, Mariangela Rondanelli, Giuseppe Banderali, Maurizio Battino, Enrico Bertoli, Alessandra Bordoni, Furio Brighenti, Riccardo Caccialanza, Giulia Cairella, Antonio Caretto, Hellas Cena, Manuela Gambarara, Maria Gabriella Gentile, Marcello Giovannini, Lucio Lucchin, Pietro Migliaccio, Francesco Nicastro, Fabrizio Pasanisi, Luca Piretta, Danilo Radrizzani, Carla Roggi, Giuseppe Rotilio, Luca Scalfi, Roberto Vettor, Federico Vignati, Nino C Battistini, Maurizio Muscaritoli
Human nutrition encompasses an extremely broad range of medical, social, commercial, and ethical domains and thus represents a wide, interdisciplinary scientific and cultural discipline. The high prevalence of both disease-related malnutrition and overweight/obesity represents an important risk factor for disease burden and mortality worldwide. It is the opinion of Federation of the Italian Nutrition Societies (FeSIN) that these two sides of the same coin, with their sociocultural background, are related to a low "nutritional culture" secondary, at least in part, to an insufficient academic training for health-care professionals (HCPs)...
2017: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265543/herbs-and-natural-supplements-in-the-prevention-and-treatment-of-delayed-onset-muscle-soreness
#15
REVIEW
Abbas Meamarbashi
OBJECTIVE: Unaccustomed and intense eccentric exercise is a common cause of delayed-onset muscle soreness (DOMS). There are multiple remedies for the treatment of DOMS, but its clinical and laboratory pieces of evidence are scarce. Currently, the treatments proposed for DOMS are numerous and include pharmaceuticals, herbal remedies, stretching, massage, nutritional supplements, and other alternatives. To find a holistic treatment with effective pain relief and minimum side effects, complementary and alternative medicine, including herbal therapies, plays a main role...
January 2017: Avicenna Journal of Phytomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265411/outcomes-of-an-inpatient-medical-nutritional-rehabilitation-protocol-in-children-and-adolescents-with-eating-disorders
#16
Rebecka Peebles, Andrew Lesser, Courtney Cheek Park, Kerri Heckert, C Alix Timko, Eleni Lantzouni, Ronald Liebman, Laurel Weaver
BACKGROUND: Medical stabilization through inpatient nutritional rehabilitation is often necessary for patients with eating disorders (EDs) but includes the inherent risk of refeeding syndrome. Here we describe our experience of implementing and sustaining an inpatient nutritional rehabilitation protocol designed to strategically prepare patients with EDs and their families for discharge to a home setting in an efficient and effective manner from a general adolescent medicine unit. We report outcomes at admission, discharge, and 4-weeks follow-up...
2017: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261340/integrative-oncology-physician-consultations-at-a-comprehensive-cancer-center-analysis-of-demographic-clinical-and-patient-reported-outcomes
#17
Gabriel Lopez, Jennifer McQuade, Lorenzo Cohen, Jane T Williams, Amy R Spelman, Bryan Fellman, Yisheng Li, Eduardo Bruera, Richard T Lee
Background: Integrative oncology (IO) is a relatively new field that seeks to bring evidence-based, non-conventional approaches into conventional oncology care in a coordinated and safe manner. Though complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) are highly utilized by cancer patients, little is known about the characteristics of patients seeking IO consultation. Methods: Patients presenting for an outpatient IO consultation completed a CAM use questionnaire, Measure Yourself Concerns and Wellbeing (MYCaW), Edmonton Symptom Assessment Scale (ESAS), Quality of Life Short Form 12 (SF-12), and post-consultation satisfaction item...
2017: Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258776/undernutrition-is-associated-with-increased-financial-losses-in-hospitals
#18
Pedro Marques-Vidal, Saman Khalatbari-Soltani, Sahbi Sahli, Pauline Coti Bertrand, François Pralong, Gérard Waeber
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Undernutrition is associated with increased hospital costs. Whether these increased costs are totally compensated by third payer systems has not been assessed. We aimed to assess the differences between actual and reimbursed hospital costs according to presence/absence of nutritional risk, defined by a Nutritional risk screening-2002 (NRS-2002) score ≥3. METHODS: Retrospective study. Administrative data for years 2013 and 2014 of the department of internal medicine of the Lausanne university hospital...
February 20, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253088/association-between-telomere-length-chronic-kidney-disease-and-renal-traits-a-systematic-review
#19
Oluwatoyin I Ameh, Ikechi G Okpechi, Collet Dandara, André-Pascal Kengne
Telomere length (TL) is an important biological variable that can influence a variety of disease-related complex traits as well as host-environment interactions such as drug and nutritional responses. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a common global health challenge especially with the currently aging world population. We conducted a PubMed database search according to the preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analysis (PRISMA) guidelines for systematic reviews. Studies in adults (18 years and above) in which TL was determined and correlated with CKD, renal traits, and function were included, while animal model studies were excluded...
March 2017: Omics: a Journal of Integrative Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242319/white-paper-aga-power-practice-guide-on-obesity-and%C3%A2-weight-management-education-and-resources
#20
REVIEW
Andres Acosta, Sarah Streett, Mathew D Kroh, Lawrence J Cheskin, Katherine H Saunders, Marina Kurian, Marsha Schofield, Sarah E Barlow, Louis Aronne
The epidemic of obesity continues at alarming rates, with a high burden to our economy and society. The American Gastroenterological Association understands the importance of embracing obesity as a chronic, relapsing disease and supports a multidisciplinary approach to the management of obesity. Because gastrointestinal disorders resulting from obesity are more frequent and often present sooner than type 2 diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular disease, gastroenterologists have an opportunity to address obesity and provide an effective therapy early...
February 24, 2017: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
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