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Nutrition medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071004/influence-of-freezing-and-storing-cherry-fruit-on-its-nutritional-value
#1
Elena Vasylyshyna
BACKGROUND: Cherries are a valuable dietary raw material and possess medicinal properties. Considering the nutritional, medical and vitamin value of cherry fruits, the purpose of this research was to produce a scientific justification for preserving the quality of cherry fruits using different freezing methods. METHODS: To do this, cherry fruits from the Lotovka (Cerasus vulgaris) variety were frozen in various ways: packed in polyethylene bags (control); previously suspended in a 20% sugar solution and packing frozen cherry in polyethylene bags; suspended in a 20% sugar solution with the addition of 4% ascorutin and frozen followed by pre-packaging in polyethylene bags; cherry fruits were frozen in a 20% sugar solution in plastic cups of 0...
April 2016: Acta Scientiarum Polonorum. Technologia Alimentaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070624/-food-supplements-legal-requirements-borderline-issues-and-other-aspects
#2
Pia Noble
Food supplements are classified as foods. They are concentrated sources of vitamins and minerals or other substances with a nutritional or physiological effect. Their purpose is to supplement the normal diet. Food supplements have to comply with the applicable legal provisions of the food law. In order to ensure the health protection of consumers, food supplements that will be put on the market must be safe. For food supplements, regulations exist at the EU level as well as at the national level. Specific requirements are regulated in the Ordinance on Food Supplements, with which the European Directive on Food Supplements was transposed into German law...
January 9, 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068280/landolphia-owariensis-attenuates-alcohol-induced-cerebellar-neurodegeneration-significance-of-neurofilament-protein-alteration-in-the-purkinje-cells
#3
Charles A Oyinbo, Patrick S Igbigbi, Godwin O Avwioro
BACKGROUND: Alcohol-induced cerebellar neurodegeneration is a neuroadaptation that is associated with chronic alcohol abuse. Conventional drugs have been largely unsatisfactory in preventing neurodegeneration. Yet, multimodal neuro-protective therapeutic agents have been hypothesised to have high therapeutic potential for the treatment of CNS conditions; there is yet a dilemma of how this would be achieved. Contrarily, medicinal botanicals are naturally multimodal in their mechanism of action...
December 1, 2016: Folia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068145/comparison-of-patient-health-history-questionnaires-used-in-general-internal-and-family-medicine-integrative-medicine-and-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-clinics
#4
Justin G R Laube, Martin F Shapiro
OBJECTIVES: Health history questionnaires (HHQs) are a set of self-administered questions completed by patients prior to a clinical encounter. Despite widespread use, minimal research has evaluated the content of HHQs used in general internal medicine and family medicine (GIM/FM), integrative medicine, and complementary and alternative medicine (CAM; chiropractic, naturopathic, and Traditional Chinese Medicine [TCM]) clinics. Integrative medicine and CAM claim greater emphasis on well-being than does GIM/FM...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067284/oleanolic-acid-ameliorates-high-glucose-induced-endothelial-dysfunction-via-ppar%C3%AE-activation
#5
Zihui Zhang, Manli Jiang, Xinya Xie, Haixia Yang, Xinfeng Wang, Lei Xiao, Nanping Wang
Oleanolic acid (3β-hydroxyolean-12-en-28-oic acid, OA) is a pentacyclic triterpenes widely distributed in food, medicinal plants and nutritional supplements. OA exhibits various pharmacological properties, such as hepatoprotective and anti-tumor effects. In this study, we analyzed the effect of OA on endothelial dysfunction induced by high glucose in human vascular endothelial cells (ECs). Western blotting showed that OA attenuated high glucose-reduced nitric production oxide (NO) as well as Akt-Ser(473) and eNOS-Ser(1177) phosphorylation in cultured human umbilical vein ECs (HUVECs)...
January 9, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057105/-precision-nutrition-in-the-era-of-precision-medicine
#6
P Z Chen, H Wang
Precision medicine has been increasingly incorporated into clinical practice and is enabling a new era for disease prevention and treatment. As an important constituent of precision medicine, precision nutrition has also been drawing more attention during physical examinations. The main aim of precision nutrition is to provide safe and efficient intervention methods for disease treatment and management, through fully considering the genetics, lifestyle (dietary, exercise and lifestyle choices), metabolic status, gut microbiota and physiological status (nutrient level and disease status) of individuals...
December 6, 2016: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051253/antioxidant-diet-and-genotyping-as-tools-for-the-prevention-of-liver-disease
#7
R Di Francia, L Rinaldi, M Cillo, E Varriale, G Facchini, C D'Aniello, G Marotta, M Berretta
It is well-known that 75% of risk factors of chronic liver disease (CLD) are related to nutrition. These circumstances potentially progress towards liver steatosis, fibrosis and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). It still represents an enormous problem for the economy of public health worldwide. Furthermore, validated prevention programs could be the solution. Recent knowledge in understanding molecular determinants of energy liver metabolism and new genetic markers offers new insights into the pathogenesis of CLD and HCC...
December 2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051244/moringa-oleifera-lam-improves-lipid-metabolism-during-adipogenic-differentiation-of-human-stem-cells
#8
I Barbagallo, L Vanella, A Distefano, D Nicolosi, A Maravigna, G Lazzarino, M Di Rosa, D Tibullo, R Acquaviva, G Li Volti
OBJECTIVE: Moringa oleifera Lam., a multipurpose tree, is used traditionally for its nutritional and medicinal properties. It has been used for the treatment of a variety of conditions, including inflammation, cancer and metabolic disorders. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We investigated the effect of Moringa oleifera Lam. on adipogenic differentiation of human adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells and its impact on lipid metabolism and cellular antioxidant systems. RESULTS: We showed that Moringa oleifera Lam...
December 2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050372/blood-contamination-of-the-small-bore-peripheral-intravenous-catheter-in-neonates
#9
Vani Krishnamurthy, Srinivasa Murthy Doreswamy, Sushma Krishnagowda
INTRODUCTION: Peripheral Intravenous Catheters (PIV) are extensively used in sick neonates for administration of medicines and nutrition. When these PIVs are used on intermittent basis, they are flushed with saline in order to keep the hub of the catheter free from blood. Presence of blood in the hub of the catheter can be potentially dangerous as it could facilitate infection. AIM: The aim of this study was to find the magnitude of blood contamination of PIV catheter hub after routine flushing...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28041869/-palliative-care-after-neonatal-intensive-care-contributions-of-leonetti-law-and-remaining-challenges
#10
P Kuhn, L Dillenseger, N Cojean, B Escande, C Zores, D Astruc
The 2005 enactment of the "Patients' rights and end-of-life care" act, known as the Leonetti law, has been accompanied by practical changes in the processes of withdrawal and withholding of active life-sustaining treatments. This law has also promoted the implementation of palliative care in perinatal medicine to avoid unreasonable therapeutic interventions and to preserve the dying patient's quality of life and human dignity. Recently, a new law has been voted by the French National Assembly and new reflections on the ethical aspects of the end of life in neonatal medicine should resume again within the French Society of Neonatology in the working group on ethical issues in neonatology...
December 29, 2016: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039957/social-responsibility-and-the-state-s-duty-to-provide-healthcare-an-islamic-ethico-legal-perspective
#11
Aasim I Padela
The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization's (UNESCO) Declaration on Bioethics and Human Rights asserts that governments are morally obliged to promote health and to provide access to quality healthcare, essential medicines and adequate nutrition and water to all members of society. According to UNESCO, this obligation is grounded in a moral commitment to promoting fundamental human rights and emerges from the principle of social responsibility. Yet in an era of ethical pluralism and contentions over the universality of human rights conventions, the extent to which the UNESCO Declaration can motivate behaviors and policies rests, at least in part, upon accepting the moral arguments it makes...
December 30, 2016: Developing World Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035266/simple-and-noninvasive-method-for-assessment-of-digestive-efficiency-validation-of-fecal-steatocrit-in-greenfinch-coccidiosis-model
#12
Richard Meitern, Mari-Ann Lind, Ulvi Karu, Peeter Hõrak
Animals' capability to absorb energy and nutrients from food poses a major internal constraint that affects the amount of resources available for allocation to maintenance, growth, signaling, and reproduction. Intestinal surface is the largest area of contact between immune system and microbial antigens; gut thus appears the main arena where trade-offs between immune function and other components of fitness arise. Assessment of the integrity of digestive machinery should therefore be of high priority in ecophysiological research...
December 2016: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032995/comprehensive-profiling-of-phytohormones-in-honey-by-sequential-liquid-liquid-extraction-coupled-with-liquid-chromatography-mass-spectrometry
#13
Qing Wang, Wen-Jing Cai, Lei Yu, Jun Ding, Yu-Qi Feng
Honey exhibits various nutritional and medicinal functions, which are highly related to the active components, thus the exploration of new compounds in honey is of great importance. As honey is a by-product of flower nectar, which is rich in phytohormones, the existence of phytohormones in honeys is anticipated. In this research, a method for comprehensive profiling of 49 phytohormones in honey was developed by sequential liquid-liquid extraction (LLE) coupled with liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS)...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027261/evidence-based-medicine-the-evaluation-and-treatment-of-pressure-injuries
#14
Joseph A Ricci, Lauren R Bayer, Dennis P Orgill
LEARNING OBJECTIVE: After studying this article, the participant should be able to: 1. Discuss the approach to and rationale for pressure injury management, including specific techniques for prevention and preoperative evaluation. 2. Develop a management algorithm for these wounds that includes operative and nonoperative modalities. 3. Understand how to identify and manage the complications of surgical intervention for pressure injuries, including recurrence. SUMMARY: Pressure injuries are a common problem associated with great morbidity and cost, often presenting as complex challenges for plastic surgeons...
January 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013555/primary-and-secondary-metabolites-of-an-european-edible-mushroom-and-its-nutraceutical-value-suillus-bellinii-inzenga-kuntze
#15
Alessandro Venditti, Claudio Frezza, Fabio Sciubba, Mauro Serafini, Armandodoriano Bianco
In this work, we report the study on the composition in primary and secondary metabolites of the polar and less-polar fractions obtained from the fruiting bodies of Suillus bellinii (Inzenga) Kuntze collected from Central Italy. Thirteen compounds were identified through a series of classical chromatographic methods and through spectroscopic techniques (nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and mass spectrometry (MS)), namely suillin (1), ergosterol (2), glutamic acid (3), isoleucine (4), leucine (5), threonine (6), tyrosine (7), valine (8), D-mannitol (9), sucrose (10), D-sorbitol (11), fumaric acid (12) and alanine (13)...
December 26, 2016: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28010854/a-tale-of-two-runners-a-case-report-of-athletes-experiences-with-eating-disorders-in%C3%A2-college
#16
Paula A Quatromoni
Athletes are at higher risk than the general population for eating disorders, and risk is heightened for athletes in thin-build sports, including track. Collegiate athletes are particularly vulnerable to disordered eating when the transition from home to the college environment adds to the stress of performance pressures and the high demands of the sport environment. Male and female athletes who develop eating disorders share some common characteristics, yet their experiences can be quite different, in part as a consequence of their sex and how eating disorders develop, and are recognized, acknowledged, and treated, within the culture of sports...
January 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009887/responses-of-crepis-japonica-induced-by-supplemental-blue-light-and-uv-a-radiation
#17
L F da S Constantino, L B Dos S Nascimento, L M Casanova, N Dos S Moreira, E A Menezes, R L Esteves, S S Costa, E S Tavares
Crepis japonica (L.) D.C. (Asteraceae), a weed with antioxidant, antiallergenic, antiviral and antitumor properties displays both medicinal properties and nutritional value. This study aims to assess the effects of a supplementation of blue light and UV-A radiation on the growth, leaf anatomical structure and phenolic profile of the aerial parts of Crepis japonica. Plants were grown under two light treatments: W (control - white light), W + B (white light supplemented with blue light) and W + UV-A (white light supplemented with UV-A radiation)...
December 23, 2016: Photochemical & Photobiological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008814/comprehensive-evaluation-of-the-antioxidant-potential-of-coastal-dune-mushroom-species-from-the-southwest-of-france
#18
Lina Smolskaite, Thierry Talou, Petras Rimantas Venskutonis
Numerous mushroom species are used as food and for medicinal purposes; however, many species that may contain bioactive compounds remain underinvestigated. In this study, the antioxidant properties of extracts sequentially isolated with cyclohexane, dichloromethane, and methanol from 25 costal dune mushroom species collected in the southwestern region of France were evaluated based on their radical scavenging capacity, ferric-reducing antioxidant power, oxygen radical absorbance capacity, and Folin-Ciocalteu-determined total phenolic content...
2016: International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005531/nutrition-standards-for-food-service-guidelines-for-foods-served-or-sold-in-municipal-government-buildings-or-worksites-united-states-2014
#19
Stephen J Onufrak, Hatidza Zaganjor, Latetia V Moore, Susan Carlson, Joel Kimmons, Deborah Galuska
INTRODUCTION: The Institute of Medicine and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention have recommended that government agencies use nutrition standards for foods and beverages sold and provided at their facilities. In this study, we examine written nutrition standards for foods sold or served in local government buildings or worksites among US municipalities. METHODS: We used data from a 2014 national survey of 1,945 municipal governments serving populations of 1,000 or more to assess the presence of written nutrition standards, the food groups or nutrients addressed by standards, and the populations served by facilities where standards are applied...
December 22, 2016: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004327/nutritional-and-bioenergetic-considerations-in-critically-ill-patients-with-acute-neurological-injury
#20
Peter A Abdelmalik, Susan Dempsey, Wendy Ziai
The brain, due to intensive cellular processes and maintenance of electrochemical gradients, is heavily dependent on a constant supply of energy. Brain injury, and critical illness in general, induces a state of increased metabolism and catabolism, which has been proven to lead to poor outcomes. Of all the biochemical interventions undertaken in the ICU, providing nutritional support is perhaps one of the most undervalued, but potentially among the safest, and most effective interventions. Adequate provisions of calories and protein have been shown to improve patient outcomes, and guidelines for the nutritional support of the critically ill patient are reviewed...
December 21, 2016: Neurocritical Care
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