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Nutrition medicine

Shirin Hasani, Seyed Mahdi Ojagh, Mohammad Ghorbani
Lemon essential oils (LEOs) as a bioactive compound with health beneficial potential are used as safe additives in foods, medicine and nutritional supplements. However, it is a chemical compound which is sensitive to light, thermal condition and oxidation. To overcome these challenge encapsulation could be an adequate technique to protect them from degradation and evaporation. In this study, nanocapsules based on chitosan (CS) and modified starch (Hicap) with LEOs as an active ingredient was prepared by freeze-drying...
April 10, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Chunhua Zhou, Zhenshan Xie, Zhouxi Lei, Yuechun Huang, Gang Wei
BACKGROUND: The quality of material medicine resources has had a considerable impact on the development of the health industry, which has created a bottleneck for traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). Dendrobium officinale, which has been widely used for health prevention in TCM, has become a high-nutritive health food that is strongly recommended by many white-collar workers and people who pay more attention to their health. The aim of this study was to develop a method to authenticate and evaluate D...
April 12, 2018: Chemistry Central Journal
Eva Koubová, Daniela Sumczynski, Lenka Šenkárová, Jana Orsavová, Miroslav Fišera
This study analysed the contents of thirty-six mineral and trace elements in teff ( Eragrostis tef L.) grains. What is more, dietary intakes were calculated. Inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) was used to assess mineral and trace element contents. Consequently, the appropriate Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA) or adequate intake (AI), and provisional tolerable weekly intake (PTWI) or provisional tolerable monthly intake (PTMI) values for adults were determined according to the Food and Agriculture Organization/World Health Organization (FAO/WHO) and Institute of Medicine (IOM) regulations...
April 12, 2018: Nutrients
Piyawan Kumnerdkhonkaen, Somprasong Saenglee, Md Ali Asgar, Gulsiri Senawong, Kanoknan Khongsukwiwat, Thanaset Senawong
BACKGROUND: Houttuynia cordata Thunb. and Phyllanthus emblica Linn. are native plants with medicinal and nutritive significance in Asia. The present study was aimed at evaluating antiproliferative effects on human cancer cell lines and identifying the phenolic acid composition of water and ethanolic extracts of the powdered formula of H. cordata fermented broth and P. emblica fruit. METHODS: Anticancer activity of the extracts was evaluated against HeLa, HT29, HCT116, MCF7 and Jurkat cells using an MTT assay and flow cytometric analysis of apoptosis induction and cell cycle arrest...
April 11, 2018: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Lucie Bacakova, Marta Vandrovcova, Ivana Kopova, Ivan Jirka
Zeolites are microporous tectosilicates of natural or synthetic origin, which have been extensively used in various technological applications, e.g. as catalysts and as molecular sieves, for separating and sorting various molecules, for water and air purification, including removal of radioactive contaminants, for harvesting waste heat and solar heat energy, for adsorption refrigeration, as detergents, etc. These applications of zeolites were typically related with their porous character, their high adsorption capacity, and their ion exchange properties...
April 9, 2018: Biomaterials Science
Ludwi Rodríguez-Hernandez, Humberto Nájera-Gomez, Celína Luján-Hidalgo, Nancy Ruiz-Lau, Carlos Alberto Lecona-Guzmán, Miguel Abud-Archila, Víctor Manuel Ruíz-Valdiviezo, Federico Antonio Gutiérrez-Miceli
Olive trees are one of the most important oil crops in the world due to the sensorial and nutritional characteristics of olive oil, such as lipid composition and antioxidant content, and the medicinal properties of its leaves. In this paper, callus formation was induced using nodal segments of olive tree (Olea europaea cv cornicabra) as explants. Fatty acid profile, total phenolic compounds and total flavonoid compounds were determined in callus culture after 15 weeks and compared with leaf and nodal segments tissues...
April 9, 2018: Journal of Oleo Science
L F Böswald, E Kienzle, B Dobenecker
There is evidence that nutritional phosphorus (P) excess may be a risk factor for chronic kidney disease (CKD) in humans and pets (Advances in Nutrition: An International Review Journal (2014), 5, 104; The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, (2013), 98, 6; Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery, (2017); The source of phosphorus influences serum PTH, apparent digestibility and blood levels of calcium and phosphorus in dogs fed high phosphorus diets with balanced Ca/P ratio. Proc. Waltham International Nutritional Sciences Symposium, USA; Clinical aspects of natural and added phosphorus in foods, 2017, Springer Science+Business, Media)...
April 2018: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Complementary Medicine Research
I E Cock, M I Selesho, S F van Vuuren
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Worldwide, more than three billion cases of parasitic disease are reported yearly and it is likely that this figure is substantially under-estimated. Approximately one in six people globally are estimated to be infected with at least one parasite species annually. In South Africa, the prevalence of Schistosoma haematobium (bilharzia) and intestinal worms and helminths are particularly high, especially in children and in crowded or poorer rural communities with inadequate sanitation and nutritional status...
April 2, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Atsuko Kawamura, Katsuko Kajiya, Hiroko Kishi, Junko Inagaki, Makoto Mitarai, Hiroshi Oda, Seiji Umemoto, Sei Kobayashi
BACKGROUND: We developed a WASHOKU-modified DASH diet named DASH-JUMP. We previously reported the hypotensive effect of the DASH-JUMP diet in Japanese participants with untreated high-normal blood pressure (BP) or stage 1 hypertension. OBJECTIVE: We aim to introduce the DASH-JUMP diet worldwide as a new lifestyle medicine. Accordingly, we prospectively assessed the nutritional characteristics of the DASH-JUMP diet. METHODS: Participants were treated with the DASH-JUMP diet for 2 months...
April 4, 2018: Current Hypertension Reviews
Mercedes Cervera Peris, Víctor Manuel Alonso Rorís, Juan Manuel Santos Gago, Luis Álvarez Sabucedo, Carmina Wanden-Berghe, Javier Sanz-Valero
BACKGROUND: Any system applied to the control of parenteral nutrition (PN) ought to prove that the process meets the established requirements and include a repository of records to allow evaluation of the information about PN processes at any time. OBJECTIVE: The goal of the research was to evaluate the mobile health (mHealth) app and validate its effectiveness in monitoring the management of the PN process. METHODS: We studied the evaluation and validation of the general process of PN using an mHealth app...
April 3, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
Longtai You, Xiaoxv Dong, Xingbin Yin, Chunjing Yang, Xin Leng, Wenping Wang, Jian Ni
Rhein, a naturally occurring active anthraquinone found abundantly in various medicinal and nutritional herbs, possesses a wide spectrum of pharmacological effects. Furthermore, previous studies have reported that rhein could induce hepatotoxicity in rats. However, its cytotoxicity and potential molecular mechanisms remain unclear. Therefore, the present study aimed to investigate the cytotoxicity of rhein on HepaRG cells and the underlying mechanisms of its cytotoxicity. Our results demonstrate, by 3-(4,5-dimethyl thiazol-2-yl-)-2,5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide (MTT) and Annexin V-fluoresce isothiocyanate (FITC)/propidium iodide (PI) double-staining assays, that rhein significantly inhibited cell viability and induced apoptosis in HepaRG cells...
April 2, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2, 2018: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
Ulrike Mathesius
Flavonoids are structurally diverse secondary metabolites in plants, with a multitude of functions. These span from functions in regulating plant development, pigmentation, and UV protection, to an array of roles in defence and signalling between plants and microorganisms. Because of their prevalence in the human diet, many flavonoids constitute important components of medicinal plants and are used in the control of inflammation and cancer prevention. Advances in the elucidation of flavonoid biosynthesis and its regulation have led to an increasing number of studies aimed at engineering the flavonoid pathway for enhancing nutritional value and plant defences against pathogens and herbivores, as well as modifying the feeding value of pastures...
April 3, 2018: Plants (Basel, Switzerland)
Janice Pellow, Chantelle Nienhuis
OBJECTIVES: Primary dysmenorrhoea is a common complaint experienced by many females in their reproductive years. The use of medicinal plants in the treatment of various gynaecological conditions is on the increase, despite the limited evidence available regarding efficacy and safety of their use. The aim of this systematic review was to synthesise the most recent evidence relating to the treatment of primary dysmenorrhoea with medicinal plants. METHODOLOGY: A thorough database search was conducted using defined search terms, and randomised controlled trials (RCTs) published in English between 2008 and 2016, pertaining to the use of medicinal plants (single use) for the treatment of primary dysmenorrhoea, were assessed...
April 2018: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
Xu Zhang, Qun Liu, Wei Zhou, Ping Li, Raphael N Alolga, Zhenming Qian, Wenjia Li, Lian-Wen Qi, Xiaojian Yin
Cordyceps sinensis has gained increasing attention due to its nutritional and medicinal properties. Herein, we employed label-free quantitative mass spectrometry to explore the proteome differences between naturally- and artificially-cultivated C. sinensis. A total of 22,829 peptides with confidence ≥95%, corresponding to 2541 protein groups were identified from the caterpillar bodies/stromata of 12 naturally- and artificially-cultivated samples of C. sinensis. Among them, 341 proteins showed significant differences between the samples of natural and artificial cultivation...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Proteomics
Rikke Terp, Kim Otto Jacobsen, Pia Kannegaard, Anne-Mette Larsen, Ole Rintek Madsen, Eline Noiesen
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effect of a nutrition intervention program for geriatric nutritional at-risk patients. DESIGN: A randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Department of geriatric medicine in a university hospital and in the primary healthcare sector, Copenhagen. SUBJECTS: Geriatric patients ( N = 144) at nutritional risk. INTERVENTION: The intervention consisted of an individual dietary plan for home, including pre-discharge advice on nutritional intake, combined with three follow-up visits after discharge (one, four, and eight weeks)...
March 1, 2018: Clinical Rehabilitation
Shang-Guo Feng, Yu-Jia Zhu, Kai-Li Jiao, Chen-Jia Shen, Qi-Cai Ying, Hui-Zhong Wang
As traditional Chinese medicinal herbs, Physalis plants have a variety of pharmacological activities, such as anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant, and anti-cancer effects, and have been used for the treatment of malaria, rheumatism, hepatitis, asthma, and cancer. In addition to the medicinal value, many Physalis species are also the high-grade nutrition health care fruits, can be made canned and candied etc. In the study, the application progress of DNA molecular marker technologies in medicinal Physalis plants in recent years was reviewed, in order to provide an important molecular technical basis for the identification, classification and rational development and protection of medicinal Physalis resources...
February 2018: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
Teppei Okamoto, Shingo Hatakeyama, Yoshimi Tanaka, Kengo Imanishi, Tooru Takashima, Fumitada Saitoh, Takuya Koie, Tadashi Suzuki, Chikara Ohyama
BACKGROUND: Erythropoiesis-stimulating agent (ESA) responsiveness is related to the nutritional status of patients on hemodialysis (HD). Serum butyrylcholinesterase (BChE), an alpha-glycoprotein, may decrease in case of malnutrition. We investigated whether BChE was independently related to ESA resistance in patients on HD. METHODS: The laboratory data and ESA resistance index (ERI), defined as ESA dosage per week divided by dry weight and hemoglobin, were investigated in 215 patients on HD between July and September 2017...
March 29, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Nephrology
Sharique A Ali, Naima Parveen, Ayesha S Ali
Nutrition and other bioactive natural products present in specific foods within a balanced diet play an indispensable role in maintaining and promoting human health. Plants are rich sources of a balanced nutrition because of high content of bioactive products; hence, most of them recently have acquired the status of superfoods. It has been used since ancient times for the treatment of various ailments, and these traditional medicines still remain as one of the most affordable and easily accessible sources of treatment in the primary health-care system...
March 2018: International Journal of Health Sciences
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