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Foot and ankle fracture

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437636/outcomes-following-limb-salvage-after-combat-hindfoot-injury-are-inferior-to-delayed-amputation-at-five-years
#1
P M Bennett, T Stevenson, I D Sargeant, A Mountain, J G Penn-Barwell
OBJECTIVES: The surgical challenge with severe hindfoot injuries is one of technical feasibility, and whether the limb can be salvaged. There is an additional question of whether these injuries should be managed with limb salvage, or whether patients would achieve a greater quality of life with a transtibial amputation. This study aims to measure functional outcomes in military patients sustaining hindfoot fractures, and identify injury features associated with poor function. METHODS: Follow-up was attempted in all United Kingdom military casualties sustaining hindfoot fractures...
February 2018: Bone & Joint Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436477/combat-related-foot-injuries-impact-on-gait-and-functional-outcome
#2
Loes G M de Kruijff, M Prins, A van der Krans, R Hoencamp, P van der Wurff
INTRODUCTION: Prior to deployment of the Netherlands Army Task Force Urozgan in Afghanistan, the Dutch Military and civilian healthcare systems had limited experience in treating blast injuries and their long-term consequences. This meant that guidelines for treatment and rehabilitation were lacking. The aim of this cohort study was to quantify kinematic and kinetic abnormalities in service members with foot injuries in relation to functional outcome using gait analysis. METHOD: In nine service members with combat-related talus, calcaneus and/or navicular bone (TCN) fractures and nine controls, gait parameters were measured using Gait Real-Time Analysis Interactive Lab system...
February 7, 2018: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430056/osteochondral-lesion-of-the-distal-tibial-plafond-in-an-adolescent-soccer-player-a-case-report
#3
Melissa Corso, Christopher DeGraauw, William Hsu
Introduction: Osteochondral lesions of the tibial plafond account for approximately 2.6% of osteochondral lesions in the ankle. There are few cases describing this lesion in the literature, with little information on mechanism of injury, history/physical findings or recommendations for management. Case Presentation: A 17-year-old male competitive soccer player presented with a 6-7 month history of medial ankle pain after an inversion sprain. He presented with locking and giving way of the ankle with weight-bearing and pushing off the foot to the contralateral side...
December 2017: Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417781/-surgical-treatment-for-talar-neck-fracture-of-hawkins-iii-iv-type-with-compression-hollow-screws-combined-with-external-fixator
#4
Xian-Xun Wang, Chang-Tao Wan, Li Yu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical effects of compression hollow screws combined with external fixator in treating talar neck fracture of Hawkins III, IV type. METHODS: From March 2010 to August 2014, 15 patients with talar neck fractures of Hawkins III, IV type were treated by open reduction and compression hollow screws fixation complicated with external fixator fixation. Including 9 males and 6 females, aged from 17 to 65 years old with an average of 37.5 years old...
May 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415223/a-maisonneuve-fracture-in-an-active-duty-sailor-a-case-report
#5
Ryan R Richmond, Andrew D Henebry
Maisonneuve fractures are relatively well known in the sports medicine, and orthopedic communities, however, can be commonly missed among primary care providers. The following case outlines an active duty 35-yr-old female patient who presented with acute pain on the left ankle and lower leg after she misjudged a step. The injury is a combination of high fibular and medial malleolar fractures with a disruption of the tibiofibular syndesmosis ligaments. This is a result of extreme external rotation and pronation of a fixed foot...
February 5, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29410159/sinus-tarsi-approach-sta-versus-extensile-lateral-approach-ela-for-treatment-of-closed-displaced-intra-articular-calcaneal-fractures-diacf-a-meta-analysis
#6
REVIEW
L Bai, Y Hou, G-H Lin, X Zhang, G-Q Liu, B Yu
INTRODUCTION: Our aim was to compare the effect of Sinus Tarsi Approach (STA) vs Extensile Lateral Approach(ELA) for Treatment of Closed Displaced Intra-Articular Calcaneal Fractures (DIACF.) is still being debated, MATERIALS AND METHODS: A thorough research was carried out in the MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Cochrane library databases from inception to December 2016. Only prospective or retrospective comparative studies was selected in this meta-analysis. Two independent reviewers conducted literature search, data extraction, and quality assessment...
February 1, 2018: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409262/foot-and-ankle-infections-debridement-early-fixation-and-rifampicin-provide-earlier-recovery-of-function-and-quality-of-life
#7
Daniel Pérez-Prieto, María E Portillo, Gemma González-Lucena, Alberto Ginés-Cespedosa
BACKGROUND: Infection after foot and ankle fractures is a major concern for orthopedic surgeons. It is widely believed that final osteosynthesis should be delayed until the infection is cured. However, there is no literature that supports this practice. In addition, the delay impairs patient function and quality of life (QoL). METHODS: In the present study, four cases of ankle infection treated with aggressive debridement, early fixation and antibiofilm antibiotics are described...
August 4, 2017: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409205/clinical-characteristics-and-surgical-experience-of-type-iii-wagstaffe-fractures-pay-attention-to-concomitant-chondral-injury-of-the-talus
#8
Ming Zhang, Yun-Feng Chen, Lei Wang, Fan Li, Hai-Feng Wei, Zhong-Min Shi
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to investigate clinical characteristics and surgical management of Type III Wagstaffe fracture. METHODS: From August 2012 to July 2015, 13 patients with Type III Wagstaffe fractures were surgically treated. During operation, the cartilage of joint surface was explored. Wagstaffe fragment was fixed with cannulated screw or suture, Chaput fragment was fixed with cannulated screw or plate, and Cotton test was performed to evaluate the stability of syndesmosis during the operation...
April 27, 2017: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29401094/ultra-low-dose-ct-scan-reduction-protocol-for-extremity-fracture-evaluation-is-as-safe-and-effective-as-conventional-ct-an-evaluation-of-quality-outcomes
#9
Sanjit Reddy Konda, Abraham Michael Goch, Jack Haglin, Kenneth Andrew Egol
OBJECTIVES: To assess clinical and hospital quality outcomes of patients receiving the previously reported Reduced Effective Dose Using Computed Tomography In Orthopaedic iNjury (REDUCTION) imaging protocol. DESIGN: Retrospective Chart review SETTING:: Level I Trauma Center and affiliated Tertiary Care Hospital CenterPatients/Participants: fifty patients who received this protocol for acute traumatic fracture evaluation and met inclusion criteria were compared to a cohort of fifty patients matched for age and fracture type who previously received conventional CT scanning for acute traumatic fracture evaluation...
January 30, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29401086/comparing-functional-outcomes-following-injury-specific-fixation-of-posterior-malleolar-fractures-and-equivalent-ligamentous-injuries-in-rotational-ankle-fractures
#10
Ashley E Levack, Stephen J Warner, Elizabeth B Gausden, David L Helfet, Dean G Lorich
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of posterior bony versus ligamentous injury pattern on functional outcomes in operatively treated rotational ankle fractures DESIGN:: Retrospective cohort analysis of prospective registry SETTING:: Academic level I trauma center PATIENTS/PARTICIPANTS:: Operatively treated supination external rotation (SER) IV and pronation external rotation (PER) IV ankle fractures INTERVENTION:: Lateral malleolus plate fixation with either posterior malleolus (PM) plate fixation or posterior inferior tibiofibular ligament (PITFL) repair MAIN OUTCOME MEASUREMENTS:: Foot and ankle outcome scores (FAOS) at minimum 12 months post-operatively RESULTS:: 178 fractures were treated with injury-specific anatomic fixation of a PM fracture (n=122) or torn PITFL (n=56)...
January 26, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398212/ankle-arthroscopy-for-diagnosis-of-full-thickness-talar-cartilage-lesions-in-the-setting-of-acute-ankle-fractures
#11
Rachael J Da Cunha, Sydney C Karnovsky, William Schairer, Mark C Drakos
PURPOSE: To delineate the prevalence of chondral lesions, in particular full-thickness talar dome lesions, with concurrent arthroscopy in acute ankle fracture open reduction-internal fixation (ORIF) and evaluate the impact on clinical outcomes. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective chart review of prospectively collected registry data at our institution from 2012 to 2016. Consecutive patients who underwent acute ankle fracture ORIF with concurrent arthroscopy were identified...
February 2, 2018: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394438/human-foot-ankle-injuries-and-associated-risk-curves-from-under-body-blast-loading-conditions
#12
Sajal Chirvi, Frank Pintar, Narayan Yoganandan, Anjishnu Banerjee, Mike Schlick, William Curry, Liming Voo
Under body blast (UBB) loading to military transport vehicles is known to cause foot-ankle fractures to occupants due to energy transfer from the vehicle floor to the feet of the soldier. The soldier posture, the proximity of the event with respect to the soldier, the personal protective equipment (PPE) and age/sex of the soldier are some variables that can influence injury severity and injury patterns. Recently conducted experiments to simulate the loading environment to the human foot/ankle in UBB events (~5ms rise time) with variables such as posture, age and PPE were used for the current study...
November 2017: Stapp Car Crash Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387510/accessory-ossicles-of-the-foot-and-ankle-disorders-and-a-review-of-the-literature
#13
REVIEW
Nigar Keles-Celik, Ozkan Kose, Rahime Sekerci, Gunes Aytac, Adil Turan, Ferhat Güler
Accessory ossicles of the foot and ankle are normal variants of bone development that usually remain asymptomatic. However, they may be involved in various disorders and become a source of pain such as in fractures, dislocations, degenerative changes, osteonecrosis, osteoarthritis, osteochondral lesions, avascular necrosis, and irritation or impingement of adjacent soft tissues. Hence, during the assessment of the situations above, knowledge about these little-known ossicles could be very important to reach the correct diagnosis...
November 26, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29381043/foot-and-ankle-conditions-midfoot-and-forefoot-conditions
#14
Katherine M Edenfield
The midfoot and forefoot are the regions of the foot distal to the talus and calcaneus and are critical to weight bearing and movement. They help support the arch of the foot, provide shock absorption, and convert vertically oriented forces into horizontal forward and propulsive movement. A spectrum of acute, subacute, and chronic conditions in these regions can cause pain and decreased function. A thorough history and physical examination should include foot and leg biomechanics, alignment, and posture in addition to palpation of painful areas...
February 2018: FP Essentials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29376403/role-of-subtalar-arthroscopy-in-operative-treatment-of-sanders-type-2-calcaneal-fractures-using-a-sinus-tarsi-approach
#15
Chul Hyun Park, Doo Hyung Yoon
BACKGROUND: This study was conducted to evaluate the usefulness of subtalar arthroscopy in the operative treatment of Sanders type 2 calcaneus fractures using a sinus tarsi approach. METHODS: Forty-six Sanders type 2 calcaneal fractures were consecutively treated using a sinus tarsi approach. Intraoperative fluoroscopy was used to evaluate fracture reduction in the first 23 patients (fluoroscopy group), and intraoperative fluoroscopy and subtalar arthroscopy were used in the latter 23 patients (arthroscopy group)...
January 1, 2018: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29376199/prophylactic-negative-pressure-wound-therapy-after-lower-extremity-fracture-surgery-a-pilot-study
#16
Siem A Dingemans, Merel F N Birnie, Manouk Backes, Vincent M de Jong, Jan S Luitse, J Carel Goslings, Tim Schepers
PURPOSE: Infectious complications following lower extremity fracture surgery are a major concern and account for a substantial socio-economic burden to society. The aim of this pilot study was to investigate the feasibility of a new portable single-use negative pressure wound therapy device in patients undergoing major foot ankle surgery. METHODS: Patients undergoing major foot ankle fracture surgery at a single level 1 trauma centre were eligible for this prospective case series...
January 29, 2018: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29367914/reproducibility-of-the-lauge-hansen-danis-weber-and-ao-classifications-for-ankle-fractures
#17
Lucas Lopes da Fonseca, Icaro Gusmão Nunes, Rodrigo Reis Nogueira, Gustavo Eduardo Vieira Martins, Antônio Cesar Mesencio, Sílvia Iovine Kobata
Objective: This study evaluated the reproducibility of the three main classifications of ankle fractures most commonly used in emergency clinical practice: Lauge-Hansen, Danis-Weber, and AO-OTA. The secondary objective was to assess whether the level of professional experience influenced the interobserver agreement for the classification of this pathology. Methods: The study included 83 digitized preoperative radiographic images of ankle fractures, in anteroposterior and lateral views, of different adults that had occurred between January and December 2013...
January 2018: Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29359596/treatment-of-ao-ota-type-c-pilon-fractures-through-the-anterolateral-approach-combined-with-the-medial-mipo-technique
#18
Gi Beom Kim, Oog-Jin Shon, Chul Hyun Park
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical and radiographic results of the treatment of AO/OTA type C pilon fracture via the anterolateral approach using a low-profile plate combined with medial minimally invasive plate osteosynthesis (MIPO). METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 28 ankles with AO/OTA type C pilon fractures that were treated using the anterolateral approach combined with medial MIPO. Mean age was 46 years (range, 19 to 75), and the mean follow-up period was 25 months (range, 14 to 50)...
January 1, 2018: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350644/talar-fractures-radiological-and-ct-evaluation-and-classification-systems
#19
Giuseppe Caracchini, Michele Pietragalla, Alioscia De Renzis, Michele Galluzzo, Mattia Carbone, Marcello Zappia, Anna Russo, Federico Greco, Vittorio Miele
INTRODUCTION: The talus is the second largest bone of the foot. It is fundamental to ensure normal ankle-foot movements as it connects the leg and the foot. Talar fractures are usually due to high energy traumas (road accidents, high level falls). They are not common as they account for 3-5% of ankle and foot fractures and 0.85% of all body fractures. However, talar fractures not correctly diagnosed and treated can lead to avascular necrosis of the astragalus, pseudoarthrosis, early osteoarthrisis and ankle instability, declining the quality of life of patients...
January 19, 2018: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337175/minimally-invasive-versus-extensile-lateral-approach-for-sanders-type-ii-and-iii-calcaneal-fractures-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#20
REVIEW
Zhikui Zeng, Lingmei Yuan, Shengpeng Zheng, Youqiang Sun, Feng Huang
BACKGROUND: The use of less-invasive techniques in the treatment of displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures (DIACFs) remains controversial. No prior meta-analysis has considered the influence of differences in the fracture type. Thus, our meta-analysis aimed to investigate the efficacy and safety of minimally invasive (MI) in Sanders type II and III fractures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A comprehensive search was performed to identify RCTs comparing MI using sinus tarsi approach (STA) or percutaneous reduction (PR) to open reduction (OR) via extensile lateral approach (ELA) from the Cochrane Library, PubMed, Embase and CNKI...
January 11, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
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