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Foot and ankle fracture

Won Soek Chae, Sang Hyun Kim, Sung Hwan Cho, Joon Ho Lee, Mi Sun Lee
The superficial peroneal nerve is vulnerable to damage from ankle sprain injuries and fractures as well as surgery to this region. And it is also one of the most commonly involved nerves in complex regional pain syndrome type II in the foot and ankle region. We report two cases of ultrasound-guided pulsed radiofrequency treatment of superficial peroneal nerve for reduction of allodynia in CRPS patients.
October 2016: Korean Journal of Pain
Andrew R Hsu, Robert B Anderson
Physicians need to be aware of a variety of foot and ankle injuries that commonly occur in American football, including turf toe, Jones fractures, Lisfranc injuries, syndesmotic and deltoid disruption, and Achilles ruptures. These injuries are often complex and require early individual tailoring of treatment and rehabilitation protocols. Successful management and return to play requires early diagnosis, a thorough work-up, and prompt surgical intervention when warranted with meticulous attention to restoration of normal foot and ankle anatomy...
September 2016: American Journal of Orthopedics
Chris Smolen, Cheryl E Quenneville
The foot-ankle complex is frequently injured in a wide array of debilitating events such as car crashes. Numerical models and experimental tests have been used to assess injury risk, but most do not account for the variations in ankle posture that frequently occur during these events. In this study, the positions of the bones of the foot-ankle complex (particularly, the hindfoot) were quantified over a range of postures. Computed tomography scans were taken of a male cadaveric leg under axial loading with the ankle in five postures in which fractures are commonly reported...
September 30, 2016: Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers. Part H, Journal of Engineering in Medicine
Kaiying Shen, Haiqing Cai, Zhigang Wang, Yunlan Xu
Elastic stable intramedullary nailing (ESIN) has became a well-accepted method of osteosynthesis of diaphyseal fractures in the skeletally immature patient for many advantages, the purpose of this study is to evaluate the preliminary results of this minimally invasive treatment for severely displaced distal tibial diaphyseal metaphyseal junction (DTDMJ) fractures.This study was carried out over a 6-year period. Twenty-one severely displaced DTDMJ fractures treated using ESIN were evaluated clinically and radiographically...
September 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Kathleen Hartwich, Alejandro Lorente Gomez, Jaroslaw Pyrc, Radosław Gut, Stefan Rammelt, René Grass
BACKGROUND: We performed a biomechanical comparison of 2 methods for operative stabilization of pronation-abduction stage III ankle fractures; group 1: Anterior-posterior lag screws fixing the posterior tibial fragment and lateral fibula plating (LSLFP) versus group 2: locked plate fixation of the posterior tibial fragment and posterior antiglide plate fixation of the fibula (LPFP). METHODS: Seven pairs of fresh-frozen osteoligamentous lower leg specimens (2 male, and 5 female donors) were used for the biomechanical testing...
September 26, 2016: Foot & Ankle International
Jin Su Kim, Hun Ki Cho, Ki Won Young, Sang Young Lee, Ji Soo Kim, Kyoungtae Lee
BACKGROUND: Scarf osteotomy has been used in hallux valgus surgery due to its large fixation surface for screws and low postoperative complications. However, screws may cause skin irritation from their head, which may require an additional surgical procedure to remove. METHODS: This study included 115 patients (106 females and 9 males, 115 feet) who underwent hallux valgus correction with a scarf osteotomy using bioabsorbable screws between September 2010 and September 2012...
September 25, 2016: Foot & Ankle International
Shirley Chen, Adam Fleischer, Craig Wirt, Richmond Robinson, Carolina Barbosa, Arezou Amidi, Robert Joseph
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to determine whether some foot/ankle surgeries would benefit from routine use of low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) as postoperative DVT prophylaxis. METHODS: We conducted a formal cost-effectiveness analysis using a decision analytic tree to represent the risk of complications under a scenario of no prophylaxis and a scenario of routine LMWH prophylaxis for 4 weeks. The two scenarios were compared for five procedures: 1) Achilles tendon repair (ATR), 2) total ankle replacement (TAR), 3) hallux valgus surgery (HVS), 4) hindfoot arthrodesis (HA), and 5) ankle fracture surgery (AFS)...
September 2016: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
Stephen J Kriger, Shontal A Behan, Parth J Bhakta, Nicholas G Bruning, Brennan A Menninger, Mark C Razzante
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Due to its inert character and desired biocompatibility, titanium (Ti) implants have been universally accepted as safer alternatives to the previous conventional orthopedic hardware implants. However, a recent emergence of Type IV hypersensitivity reactions to Ti have displayed symptoms that include eczema, contact dermatitis, prolonged fever, sterile osteomyelitis, and impaired fracture and wound healing. The following case presents a patient with postoperative incision dehiscence and devascularization of cortical surfaces in contact with Ti hardware after undergoing a medial displacement calcaneal osteotomy and a first metatarsal-cuneiform arthrodesis...
September 2016: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
Christopher R Hood, Stephanie Eldridge, Matthew Tran, Jason R Miller
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: There are several various accessory ossicles and sesamoid bones that can be seen throughout the foot and ankle, with reported incidence of 21.2% and 9.6%, respectively. Accessory ossicles and sesamoid bones usually remain asymptomatic until an inciting event (trauma, overuse) occurs and can then cause pain or degenerative changes. They can also be found in routine imaging. One of these confusing findings are lesser metatarsal sesamoids, which are a rare occurrence...
September 2016: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
Michael C Greaser
The incidence of stress fractures in the general athletic population is less than 1%, but may be as high as 15% in runners. Stress fractures of the foot and ankle account for almost half of bone stress injuries in athletes. These injuries occur because of repetitive submaximal stresses on the bone resulting in microfractures, which may coalesce to form complete fractures. Advanced imaging such as MRI and triple-phase bone scans is used to evaluate patients with suspected stress fracture. Low-risk stress fractures are typically treated with rest and protected weight bearing...
October 2016: Orthopedic Clinics of North America
Yeon Joo Kim, Si Yeol Song, Wonsik Choi, Hyoung Uk Je, Jin-Hee Ahn, Hye Won Chung, Jong-Seok Lee
BACKGROUND: Soft-tissue sarcomas (STS) of the distal extremities are a rare disease entity, hence proper treatment strategy is not well established. We evaluated the local control, survival and complications of treating sarcomas in the wrist, hand, ankle and foot with limb-sparing surgery (LSS) and postoperative radiotherapy (PORT). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Seventeen patients with STS in wrist, hand, ankle and foot who received PORT after LSS from August 2008 to November 2015 were retrospectively reviewed...
September 2016: Anticancer Research
Paul J Switaj, Daniel Fuchs, Mohammed Alshouli, Avinash G Patwardhan, Leonard I Voronov, Muturi Muriuki, Robert M Havey, Anish R Kadakia
BACKGROUND: A lateral approach with open reduction and internal fixation with a plate is a very effective technique for the majority of distal fibular fractures. However, this open approach for ankle fixation may be complicated by wound dehiscence and infection, especially in high-risk patients. An alternative to plating is an intramedullary implant, which allows maintenance of length, alignment, and rotation and which allows for decreased soft tissue dissection. While there has been clinical data suggesting favorable short-term outcomes with these implants, there is no current biomechanical literature investigating this technology in this particular fracture pattern...
2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
Lian-Hua Li, Yong-Zhi Guo, Hao Wang, Qing-Hua Sang, Jian-Zheng Zhang, Zhi Liu, Tian-Sheng Sun
BACKGROUND: We conducted a prospective randomized clinical trial to compare the clinical and radiological outcomes of the sinus tarsi and extended lateral approaches for the surgical treatment of displaced intraarticular calcaneal fractures. METHODS: Between January 2009 and January 2014, patients with displaced intraarticular calcaneal fracture were randomly assigned to receive surgical treatment by the sinus tarsi approach or the extended lateral approach using block randomization...
September 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Tuğba Kuru Çolak, İlker Çolak, Eren Timurtaş, Güven Bulut, M Gülden Polat
Misalignment of the talar neck after surgical repair can redistribute the load among the posterior, middle, and anterior facets of the subtalar joints, which can change the joint biomechanics, cause arthritis, and impair function. However, we found no studies analyzing the plantar pressures after treatment of talus neck fracture. We determined the dynamic plantar pedobarographic and radiographic characteristics and ankle range of motion, function, and pain among patients after surgical repair of talar neck fractures...
September 2, 2016: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
Murat Daş, Aytun Temiz, Yunsur Çevik
BACKGROUND: The present objective was to assess implementation of the Ottawa ankle rules (OAR) as a method of fracture prediction in the emergency department (ED) of a Turkish state hospital. METHODS: Patients who presented to the ED of our hospital with acute ankle injury were evaluated. All were examined by a general practitioner, after which a series of ankle and foot x-rays (anteroposterior and lateral) were performed. Radiography was examined by a radiologist and an orthopedic surgeon, both of whom were blinded to OAR results...
July 2016: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
Patricia C Dischinger, Joseph A Kufera, Shiu M Ho, Gabriel E Ryb, Stewart Wang
OBJECTIVES: The objective of the current study was to examine trends in ankle/foot (A/F) injuries during the period 2001-2014, in order to determine whether the incidence of these injuries has changed and whether a previously identified difference in risk by gender still existed. In addition, other driver and crash-related risk factors were examined separately for men and women. METHODS: Passenger vehicle drivers aged 16+ were identified from NASS-CDS; weighted data were analyzed for model years 2001-2014...
September 2016: Traffic Injury Prevention
B Li, G Wu, Y Yang
PURPOSE: To compare the outcome following conservative or surgical treatment for displaced fracture of the medial process of the calcaneal tuberosity. METHODS: 14 men and 4 women aged 20 to 44 years chose to undergo conservative (9 feet) or surgical (10 feet) treatment by a single surgeon for closed displaced fracture of the medial process of the calcaneal tuberosity. The injury mechanism was a fall from a height of <1.5 m; the mean time from injury to treatment was 3 (range, 1-7) days...
August 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
M Bondi, N Rossi, A Pizzoli, L Renzi Brivio
PURPOSE: Ten percentage of all ankle fractures sustain an associated syndesmotic injury. TightRope is a relatively new technique for syndesmosis fixation, characterized by a non-absorbable FibreWire held tight between two cortical metal buttons. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the results obtained with the use of this device. METHODS: From January 2011 to December 2015, 54 patients with ankle diastases were treated. Eighteen patients were excluded from the study...
August 27, 2016: Musculoskeletal Surgery
Baoyou Fan, Xianhu Zhou, Zhijian Wei, Yiming Ren, Wei Lin, Yan Hao, Guidong Shi, Shiqing Feng
BACKGROUND: Displaced intra-articular calcaneus fractures (DIACFs) are the most common type of calcaneus fracture. The differences in therapeutic effectiveness between cannulated screw fixation (CSF) and plate fixation are still unclear. Thus, in this meta-analysis, we evaluated the therapeutic effectiveness of these two fixation methods. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We searched for all publications on DIACFs fixated with cannulated screws or plates in the following electronic databases: Pubmed, Cochrane, Embase and CNKI...
August 23, 2016: International Journal of Surgery
Sander van Hoeve, Martijn Poeze
Percutaneous and minimally invasive open techniques for the treatment of calcaneal fractures are now frequently used with good results, although a comparison between these different techniques has not yet been performed. The aim of the present review was to search for studies evaluating the outcomes of patients after treatment with percutaneous and minimally invasive open techniques for calcaneal fractures. A search was performed using PubMed/MEDLINE, Embase, and the Cochrane Library. Studies from the previous 15 years in English were included...
August 20, 2016: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
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