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Pregnancy in adolescents

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724022/-characteristics-of-sexual-violence-against-adolescent-and-adult-women-reported-by-the-public-health-services-in-santa-catarina-state-brazil
#1
Carmem Regina Delziovo, Carolina Carvalho Bolsoni, Nazaré Otília Nazário, Elza Berger Salema Coelho
Sexual violence against women is a form of gender violence and both a severe human rights violation and public health problem. This ecological, descriptive, and temporal series study aims to analyze sexual violence against pre-adolescent, adolescent, and adult females in Santa Catarina State, Brazil, based on data from the Information System for Notifiable Diseases, in order to describe the characteristics of cases of sexual violence perpetrated against women, reported by health professionals from 2008 a 2013...
July 13, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720106/caretaker-adolescent-communication-on-sexual-and-reproductive-health-a-cross-sectional-study-in-unguja-tanzania-zanzibar
#2
Saada A Seif, Thecla W Kohi, Candida S Moshiro
BACKGROUND: Caretakers/parents/caregivers/guardians play important roles in improving Sexual and Reproductive Health (SRH) of adolescents. Caretaker-adolescent sexual communication suggested to influence young people's sexual behaviours. Despite this significance, the communication is believed to be low in Unguja due to the increase of risky sexual behaviours among adolescents. This study assessed the pattern of such communication using IMB model as a framework. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study targeted caretakers of adolescents aged 15-19...
July 18, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715784/elemental-content-of-the-placenta-a-comparison-between-two-high-risk-obstetrical-populations-adult-women-carrying-multiples-and-adolescents-carrying-singletons
#3
Paolo de Angelis, Richard K Miller, Thomas H Darrah, Philip J Katzman, Eva K Pressman, Tera R Kent, Kimberly O O'Brien
BACKGROUND: The placenta is responsible for the exchange of nutrients and for preventing harmful compounds from entering the fetal circulation. With increasing industrialization, exposures to commercial and toxic metals become a concern for both pregnant women and those planning a pregnancy. The understanding of transport mechanisms and pharmacokinetics for most inorganic elements is incomplete and limited to normal term deliveries. OBJECTIVES: To obtain novel data on 46 inorganic elements in placentae from two high-risk obstetric populations, women carrying multiples and adolescents carrying singletons, evaluating differences, if present, and identifying predictors of placental content...
July 14, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713170/sexual-behaviour-in-early-adolescence-a-cross-national-comparison-of-australian-and-united-states-youth
#4
Laura E Prendergast, Rachel Leung, John W Toumbourou, Angela Taft, Barbara J McMorris, Richard F Catalano
OBJECTIVE: This study used matched samples from schools in the states of Victoria, Australia and Washington, United States (US), to compare sexual behaviour in early adolescence. It was hypothesised that the contrasting dominant policy objectives of harm minimisation in Australia and abstinence in the US would result in state differences for markers of sexual risk, mirroring prior cross-national findings in substance use. METHOD: A two-stage cluster sampling approach was used to recruit students from the two states...
March 2017: Australian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713150/a-jehovah-s-witness-adolescent-in-the-labor-and-delivery-unit-should-patient-and-parental-refusals-of-blood-transfusions-for-adolescents-be-honored
#5
Johan Christiaan Bester, Martin Smith, Cynthia Griggins
A 15-year-old was admitted to the labor and delivery unit for induction of a 41-week-gestation pregnancy. Her parents, members of Jehovah's Witnesses, and the patient, who had been studying the religion but had not yet been baptized, were adamant that no blood transfusions would be accepted even if a life-threatening hemorrhage were to occur. In our analysis, we examine the underlying ethical conflict and issues raised by this case. We considered two important ethical questions in analyzing the dilemma: first, whether adolescents are capable of providing autonomous and authentic refusals for lifesaving interventions; and second, whether parents can refuse such interventions for their adolescent children based on their religious beliefs...
2017: Narrative Inquiry in Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709634/examining-the-role-of-the-pediatric-emergency-department-in-reducing-unintended-adolescent-pregnancy
#6
Michelle Solomon, Gia M Badolato, Lauren S Chernick, Maria E Trent, James M Chamberlain, Monika K Goyal
OBJECTIVES: To determine pregnancy risk and receptiveness to emergency department (ED)-based pregnancy prevention interventions among adolescents accessing care in the ED. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional electronic survey of adolescent females in a pediatric ED used to calculate the Pregnancy Risk Index, a validated measure estimating the annual risk of becoming pregnant based on recent sexual activity, contraceptive method(s), method-specific contraceptive failure rates, and interest in receipt of ED-based contraceptive services...
July 11, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709517/continuity-of-sleep-problems-from-adolescence-to-young-adulthood-results-from-a-longitudinal-study
#7
Yaqoot Fatima, Suhail A R Doi, Jake M Najman, Abdullah Al Mamun
BACKGROUND: Considering the lack of evidence on incidence and continuity of sleep problems from adolescence to young adulthood, this study explores sleep problems' incidence and their continuation rates from 14 to 21 years. METHODS: Sleep data from the 14-year (n = 4,924) and 21-year (n = 3660) follow-up of the Mater-University of Queensland Study of Pregnancy cohort were used. Sociodemographic, lifestyle, and psychological conditions were explored for their role in sleep problems...
August 2017: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707451/perceptions-of-key-participants-about-botswana-adolescents-risks-of-unplanned-pregnancy-sexually-transmitted-diseases-and-hiv-qualitative-findings
#8
Mabel K M Magowe, Esther Seloilwe, Kefalotse Dithole, Janet St Lawrence
AIM: The qualitative research findings are reported on the perceptions of key participants in Botswana about adolescent sexuality problems and the feasibility (with suggestions) of an adolescent prevention intervention. METHODS: Twenty adult key participants who were selected through purposive sampling from schools and youth centers responded to open-ended questions during face-to-face individual in-depth interviews that were conducted between December, 2011 and January, 2012 in Gaborone, Botswana...
July 13, 2017: Japan Journal of Nursing Science: JJNS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707175/acculturation-and-syndemic-risk-longitudinal-evaluation-of-risk-factors-among-pregnant-latina-adolescents-in-new-york-city
#9
Isabel Martinez, Trace S Kershaw, Danya Keene, Rafael Perez-Escamilla, Jessica B Lewis, Jonathan N Tobin, Jeannette R Ickovics
BACKGROUND: Syndemics are co-occurring epidemics that synergistically contribute to specific risks or health outcomes. Although there is substantial evidence demonstrating their existence, little is known about their change over time in adolescents. PURPOSE: The objectives of this paper were to identify longitudinal changes in a syndemic of substance use, intimate partner violence, and depression and determine whether immigration/cultural factors moderate this syndemic over time...
July 13, 2017: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705166/looking-back-and-moving-forward-can-we-accelerate-progress-on-adolescent-pregnancy-in-the-americas
#10
Sonja Caffe, Marina Plesons, Alma Virginia Camacho, Luisa Brumana, Shelly N Abdool, Silvia Huaynoca, Katherine Mayall, Lindsay Menard-Freeman, Luis Andres de Francisco Serpa, Rodolfo Gomez Ponce de Leon, Venkatraman Chandra-Mouli
Adolescent fertility rates in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) remain unacceptably high, especially compared to the region's declining total fertility rates. The Region has experienced the slowest progress of all regions in the world, and shows major differences between countries and between subgroups in countries. In 2013, LAC was also noted as the only region with a rising trend in pregnancies in adolescents younger than 15 years. In response to the lack of progress in the LAC region, PAHO/WHO, UNFPA and UNICEF held a technical consultation with global, regional and country-level stakeholders to take stock of the situation and agree on strategic approaches and priority actions to accelerate progress...
July 14, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704729/longitudinal-association-between-physical-activity-engagement-during-adolescence-and-mental-health-outcomes-in-young-adults-a-21-year-birth-cohort-study
#11
Shuichi Suetani, Abdullah Mamun, Gail M Williams, Jake M Najman, John J McGrath, James G Scott
OBJECTIVE: Previous studies provide mixed evidence that physical activity engagement (PAE) in adolescence is associated with later mental health outcomes. This study aimed to examine the association between PAE at age 14 and mental health outcomes at age 21 using a large birth cohort study. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Prospective data from the Mater-University of Queensland Study of Pregnancy, consisting of 3493 young adults, were analyzed. PAE at age 14 was estimated using self-report, and participants were categorized into; (1) frequent, (2) infrequent, or (3) no PAE group...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700699/smoking-during-pregnancy-in-relation-to-grandchild-birth-weight-and-bmi-trajectories
#12
Ming Ding, Changzheng Yuan, Audrey J Gaskins, Alison E Field, Stacey A Missmer, Karin B Michels, Frank Hu, Cuilin Zhang, Matthew W Gillman, Jorge Chavarro
BACKGROUND: Maternal smoking has been linked to lower birth weight and higher risk of childhood obesity. However, it is unknown whether grand-maternal smoking during pregnancy is associated with grandchildren birth weight and body mass index (BMI) trajectories. METHODS: We investigated associations of smoking during pregnancy with birth weight, risks of overweight and BMI trajectories among 46,858 mother-child dyads and 6,583 grandmother-mother-child triads of three cohort studies of related individuals...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696927/maternal-smoking-during-pregnancy-and-offspring-antisocial-behaviour-findings-from-a-longitudinal-investigation-of-discordant-siblings
#13
Angela D Paradis, Edmond D Shenassa, George D Papandonatos, Michelle L Rogers, Stephen L Buka
BACKGROUND: Although many observational studies have found a strong association between maternal smoking during pregnancy (MSP) and offspring antisocial behaviour, the likelihood that this relationship is causal remains unclear. To comment on the potential causality of this association, the current investigation used a between-within decomposition approach to examine the association between MSP and multiple indices of adolescent and adult antisocial behaviour. METHODS: Study participants were offspring of women enrolled in the Providence and Boston sites of the Collaborative Perinatal Project...
July 10, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693463/descriptive-analysis-of-cochrane-child-relevant-systematic-reviews-an-update-and-comparison-between-2009-and-2013
#14
Katelynn Crick, Denise Thomson, Ricardo M Fernandes, Megan Nuspl, Dean T Eurich, Brian H Rowe, Lisa Hartling
BACKGROUND: Systematic reviews support health systems and clinical decision-making by identifying and summarizing all existing studies on a particular topic. In 2009, a comprehensive description of child-relevant systematic reviews published in the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews was compiled. This study aims to provide an update, and to describe these systematic reviews according to their content and methodological approaches. METHODS: All child-relevant systematic reviews published by the Cochrane Collaboration in the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (CDSR) as of March, 2013 were identified and described in relation to their content and methodological approaches...
July 11, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685216/-childhood-strabismus-in-germany-prevalence-and-risk-groups-results-of-the-kiggs-survey
#15
Alexander K Schuster, Heike M Elflein, Roman Pokora, Michael S Urschitz
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the prevalence of strabismus in children and adolescents in Germany and to determine the associated risk factors, particularly those related to early childhood development. METHODS: In the German Health Interview and Examination Survey for Children and Adolescents (KiGGS, baseline survey 2003 to 2006, N = 17,640, 49.1% girls), the presence of strabismus and potential risk factors were derived using parental questionnaires. The analyses were performed using the KIGGS public use file...
July 6, 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682927/contraception-counseling-for-adolescents
#16
Shandhini Raidoo, Bliss Kaneshiro
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In recent years, pregnancy and birth rates among adolescents in the United States have declined to all-time lows, although adolescents in the United States continue to have the highest rate of unintended pregnancy among developed countries. Contraception is a key component in the prevention of unintended pregnancy. In this review, we outline unique barriers to reproductive healthcare for adolescents and strategies to optimally address the contraceptive needs of adolescents...
July 5, 2017: Current Opinion in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681668/towards-an-understanding-of-the-multilevel-factors-associated-with-maternal-health-care-utilization-in-uttar-pradesh-india
#17
Sanjeev Sridharan, Arnab Dey, Aparna Seth, Dharmendra Chandurkar, Kultar Singh, Katherine Hay, Rachael Gibson
BACKGROUND: This paper explores the multilevel factors associated with maternal health utilization in India's most populous state, Uttar Pradesh. 3 key utilization practices: registration of pregnancy, receipt of antenatal care, and delivery at home are examined for district and individual level predictors. The data is based on 5666 household surveys conducted as part of a baseline evaluation of the Uttar Pradesh Technical Support Unit (UPTSU.) program. OBJECTIVES: This intervention aims to assist the Government of Uttar Pradesh in increasing the efficiency, effectiveness, and equity of service delivery across a continuum of reproductive, maternal, new-born, child, and adolescent health (RMNCH+A) outcomes...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669507/motivating-factors-for-dual-method-contraceptive-use-among-adolescents-and-young-women-a-qualitative-investigation
#18
Julie Lemoine, Stephanie B Teal, Marissa Peters, Maryam Guiahi
OBJECTIVE: This qualitative study explores how adolescents and young women perceive the need for and describe the use of dual method contraception. STUDY DESIGN: We interviewed 20 sexually active women aged 16-24 who attended an adolescent-focused Title X family-planning clinic and were using a non-barrier contraceptive method. We used a semi-structured interview guide that included domains related to sexual activity, knowledge of and use of contraceptives and condoms, and relationship factors...
June 29, 2017: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665032/gender-differences-between-parental-pregnancy-characteristics-and-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-in-adolescents
#19
Oyekoya T Ayonrinde, Leon A Adams, Trevor A Mori, Lawrence J Beilin, Nicholas de Klerk, Craig E Pennell, Scott White, John K Olynyk
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a complex chronic liver disorder. Examination of parental pregnancy-related characteristics may provide insights into the origins of risk of NAFLD in offspring. We examined relationships between parental pregnancy-related characteristics and NAFLD in 1170 adolescent offspring aged 17-years participating in the Western Australian Pregnancy (Raine) Cohort Study. Fatty liver was diagnosed using liver ultrasound. NAFLD was diagnosed in 15.2% of the adolescents at age 17 years...
June 30, 2017: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664223/the-influence-of-pregnancy-on-women-with-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis
#20
REVIEW
Michael C Dewan, Nishit Mummareddy, Christopher Bonfield
PURPOSE: The study's aim was to address three fundamental questions related to pregnancy and adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS), and provide clinically applicable answers to spine specialists and general practitioners alike. METHODS: The authors performed a systematic literature review using MEDLINE, EMBASE, Google Scholar, and Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews to identify articles published between 1980 and 2015 that described pregnancy-related characteristics and outcomes in AIS patients...
June 29, 2017: European Spine Journal
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