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Pregnancy in adolescents

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166394/maternity-care-for-trafficked-women-survivor-experiences-and-clinicians-perspectives-in-the-united-kingdom-s-national-health-service
#1
Debra Bick, Louise M Howard, Sian Oram, Cathy Zimmerman
BACKGROUND: Although trafficked women and adolescents are at risk of unprotected or forced sex, there is little research on maternity care among trafficking survivors. We explored health care needs, service use and challenges among women who became pregnant while in the trafficking situation in the United Kingdom (UK) and clinicians' perspectives of maternity care for trafficked persons. METHODS: Cross-sectional survey and qualitative interviews with trafficking survivors recruited from statutory and voluntary sector organisations in England and qualitative interviews with maternity clinicians and family doctors undertaken to offer further insight into experiences reported by these women...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166366/abortion-surveillance-united-states-2014
#2
Tara C Jatlaoui, Jill Shah, Michele G Mandel, Jamie W Krashin, Danielle B Suchdev, Denise J Jamieson, Karen Pazol
PROBLEM/CONDITION: Since 1969, CDC has conducted abortion surveillance to document the number and characteristics of women obtaining legal induced abortions in the United States. PERIOD COVERED: 2014. DESCRIPTION OF SYSTEM: Each year, CDC requests abortion data from the central health agencies of 52 reporting areas (the 50 states, the District of Columbia, and New York City). The reporting areas provide this information voluntarily. For 2014, data were received from 49 reporting areas...
November 24, 2017: MMWR. Surveillance Summaries: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166183/the-development-of-an-interactive-health-education-model-based-on-the-djuwita-application-for-adolescent-girls
#3
Sri Djuwitaningsih, Setyowati
Alarming incidents of maternal deaths in Indonesia are due to three major causes: bleeding, sepsis, and hypertension, in addition to other non-obstetric causes and unsafe abortions. Adolescent girls contributed to maternal mortality based on early marriage, unwanted pregnancy, and childbirth. Prevention efforts have been taken through government programs and non-governmental organizations, but in practice those were considered ineffective. Thus, a preventative effort in the form of health education should be made, preferably embedded in a popular mobile application that most teenagers would be apt to use...
2017: Compr Child Adolesc Nurs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163667/understanding-the-unique-experiences-perspectives-and-sexual-and-reproductive-health-needs-of-very-young-adolescents-somali-refugees-in-ethiopia
#4
Luis Ortiz-Echevarria, Meghan Greeley, Tenaw Bawoke, Linnea Zimmerman, Courtland Robinson, Jennifer Schlecht
Background: Kobe Refugee camp hosts roughly 39,000 refugees displaced from Somalia during the 2011-2012 Horn of Africa Crisis. Sexual and reproductive health, as with the greater issues of health and well-being for adolescents displaced from this crisis remain largely unknown and neglected. In 2013, the Women's Refugee Commission, Johns Hopkins University, and International Medical Corps in Ethiopia, implemented qualitative and quantitative research to explore the factors and risks that impact the health of very young adolescents (VYAs), those 10-14 years of age, in this setting...
2017: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162530/a-retrospective-chart-review-of-contraceptive-use-among-adolescents-with-opioid-use-disorder
#5
Caitlin J Handy, Hannah L H Lange, Brittny E Manos, Elise D Berlan, Andrea E Bonny
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To describe contraceptive use among female adolescents initiating outpatient treatment for opioid use disorder. DESIGN: Retrospective chart review. SETTING: Outpatient clinic providing medication-assisted treatment for substance use disorders to adolescents and young adults. PARTICIPANTS: Non-pregnant female adolescents presenting for treatment from January 1, 2013 to January 31, 2016 (N=123). INTERVENTION: None...
November 18, 2017: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159904/growing-into-teen-fatherhood-a-grounded-theory-study
#6
C Uengwongsapat, K Kantaruksa, A Klunklin, N Sansiriphun
BACKGROUND: Becoming an adolescent father is a significant and critical life event. Expectant fathers are faced with a concurrent dual developmental crisis: being an adolescent and becoming a father. This transition has a tremendous impact on these adolescents, their families and society. The impact on these individuals and society does not, at this point, seem to be clearly understood. PURPOSE: To explore the process of Thai adolescents becoming first-time fathers with an unplanned pregnancy during their girlfriend's pregnancy...
November 21, 2017: International Nursing Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153935/a-qualitative-assessment-of-adolescent-girls-perception-of-living-with-congenital-heart-disease-focusing-on-future-pregnancies-and-childbirth
#7
Mayumi Nakamura, Sachiko Kita, Ryota Kikuchi, Yoichiro Hirata, Takahiro Shindo, Nobutaka Shimizu, Ryo Inuzuka, Akira Oka, Kiyoko Kamibeppu
PURPOSE: Congenital heart disease (CHD) is the most common birth anomaly in Japan, occurring in approximately 10.6 of every 1,000 live births. Advancements in medical and surgical care have increased births by women diagnosed with CHD. The study's purpose was to examine the perceptions of pregnancy and childbirth among adolescent girls with CHD. DESIGN AND METHODS: Twelve semi-structured interviews were conducted, and the data were analyzed using a modified grounded-theory approach...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153698/adolescent-pregnancy-maternal-and-fetal-outcomes-in-patients-with-and-without-preeclampsia
#8
Felly Bakwa-Kanyinga, Edimárlei Gonsales Valério, Vera Lúcia Bosa, Cecília Ogando Alfama, Marianna Sperb, Edison Capp, Janete Vettorazzi
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of preeclampsia (PE) in adolescents and to evaluate its association with risk factors for, and the occurrence of, adverse maternal and fetal outcomes. RESULTS: Of 3006 deliveries, 533 (17.7%) were from teenage mothers, with twenty-eight (5.3%) presenting PE; 17.8% of these cases were classed as severe. Vitamin and mineral supplementation was associated with the occurrence of PE (p=0.034). Puerperal complications and prematurity were more frequent in the PE group...
October 2017: Pregnancy Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153467/ovarian-torsion-in-pediatric-and-adolescent-patients-a-systematic-review
#9
Roshni Dasgupta, Elizabeth Renaud, Adam B Goldin, Robert Baird, Danielle B Cameron, Meghan A Arnold, Karen A Diefenbach, Ankush Gosain, Julia Grabowski, Yigit S Guner, Tim Jancelewicz, Akemi Kawaguchi, Dave R Lal, Tolulope A Oyetunji, Robert L Ricca, Julia Shelton, Stig Somme, Regan F Williams, Cynthia D Downard
OBJECTIVE: Ovarian torsion in pediatric patients is a rare event and is primarily managed by pediatric general surgeons. Torsion can be treated with detorsion of the ovary or oopherectomy. Oopherectomy is the most common procedure performed by pediatric general surgeons for ovarian torsion. The purpose of this systematic review by the American Pediatric Surgical Association Outcomes and Evidence Based Practice Committee was to examine evidence from the medical literature and provide recommendations regarding the optimal treatment of ovarian torsion...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152966/the-knowledge-and-high-seroprevalence-of-hepatitis-a-in-a-high-risk-group-agricultural-reproductive-aged-women-in-the-southeastern-region-of-turkey
#10
Nebiye Yentür Doni, Zeynep Şimşek, Gülcan Gürses, Fadile Yıldız Zeyrek, Muhsin Akbaba
Background/aim: The aim of this study was to determine the seroprevalence of antihepatitis A virus (HAV), risk factors, and the knowledge of female farm workers living in the Southeastern Anatolia Region (SAR) of Turkey. Materials and methods: This representative cross-sectional survey was conducted between January and April of 2013 in the SAR. A total of 705 reproductive-aged women were randomly selected by clustering method using Epi Info software. The sera were analyzed for anti-HAV antibodies using ELISA...
August 23, 2017: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146155/a-comparison-of-childbirth-costs-for-adolescents-and-adults-from-2001-to-2010
#11
Smadar Ronen, Jinhyung Lee, Parin Patel, Pooja Patel
PURPOSE: Although teenage birth rates in America have fallen to a historic low of 26.2 births per 1,000 teenagers, the U.S. remains behind the rest of the industrialized world. Adolescent pregnancy is relatively well discussed in today's literature, with ever more detailed estimates constantly emerging to quantify the cost of children born to America's teenagers. This study, however, describes the financial cost of childbirth in the U.S. with a specific focus on understanding the impact of adolescent childbirth in comparison to that of adult women and of annual childbirth as a whole...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145817/family-context-and-individual-situation-of-teens-before-during-and-after-pregnancy-in-mexico-city
#12
Reyna Sámano, Hugo Martínez-Rojano, David Robichaux, Ana Lilia Rodríguez-Ventura, Bernarda Sánchez-Jiménez, Maria de la Luz Hoyuela, Estela Godínez, Selene Segovia
BACKGROUND: In the last 20 years, adolescent pregnancy has become one of the most critical problems affecting women in Latin America and the Caribbean. METHODS: This qualitative study was based on in-depth interviews with 29 teen mothers. All of the pregnant teens were from low- to lower-middle-class social strata in the Mexico City metropolitan area. The family (living with the girl) and the individual context of pregnant teens were analysed on the basis of data from at least three interviews: during pregnancy and at approximately 6 and 24 months following delivery...
November 16, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144227/maternal-smoking-during-pregnancy-and-offspring-executive-function-what-do-we-know-and-what-are-the-next-steps
#13
Lauren Micalizzi, Valerie S Knopik
Children exposed to maternal smoking during pregnancy (MSDP) exhibit difficulties in executive function (EF) from infancy through adolescence. Due to the developmental significance of EF as a predictor of adaptive functioning throughout the life span, the MSDP-EF relation has clear public health implications. In this paper, we provide a comprehensive review of the literature on the relationship between MSDP and offspring EF across development; consider brain-based assessments, animal models, and genetically informed studies in an effort to elucidate plausible pathways of effects; discuss implications for prevention and intervention; and make calls to action for future research...
November 16, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133985/effects-of-immediate-postpartum-contraceptive-counseling-on-long-acting-reversible-contraceptive-use-in-adolescents
#14
Kasemsis Kaewkiattikun
Background: Adolescent pregnancy is a global public health problem, particularly repeated pregnancy. The best strategy to lower prevalence of adolescent pregnancy and repeated pregnancy is promoting highly effective long-acting contraceptive methods along with special counseling programs. Long-acting reversible contraception (LARC) is the ideal contraceptive of choice for adolescents. It is not known whether immediate postpartum contraceptive counseling increases postpartum LARC use in adolescents...
2017: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132280/mixed-results-the-protective-role-of-schooling-in-the-hiv-epidemic-in-swaziland
#15
Alan Whiteside, Andriana Vinnitchok, Tengetile Dlamini, Khanya Mabuza
Swaziland has the highest HIV prevalence in the world. It is recognised that young women, especially adolescents, are particularly vulnerable to HIV infection and bear a disproportionate burden of HIV incidence. The HIV data from Swaziland show the location of the epidemic, which is particularly high among adolescent girls and young women. This paper is based on research in Swaziland, commissioned because of the perception that large numbers of children were dropping out of the school. It was assumed that these "dropouts" had increased risk of HIV exposure...
December 2017: African Journal of AIDS Research: AJAR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131362/sex-discordance-identification-following-non-invasive-prenatal-testing
#16
Ebony J Richardson, Fergus P Scott, Andrew C McLennan
OBJECTIVE: To characterize genotype-phenotype discordance identified in the routine clinical setting, and explore the associated diagnostic and counseling challenges. METHOD: Cases were derived from a cohort of pregnant women who attended a multi-site specialist prenatal screening and ultrasound service for non-invasive prenatal testing by cell-free DNA analysis and mid-trimester fetal morphology assessment. RESULTS: Seven cases of genotype-phenotype discordance were identified from a cohort of 12,919 women between June 2013 - March 2017 (incidence 1/1845 pregnancies)...
November 13, 2017: Prenatal Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125323/examining-the-effects-of-mtv-s-16-and-pregnant-on-adolescent-girls-sexual-health-the-implications-of-character-affinity-pregnancy-risk-factors-and-health-literacy-on-message-effectiveness
#17
Elizabeth Behm-Morawitz, Jennifer Stevens Aubrey, Hillary Pennell, Kyung Bo Kim
Health communication strategies to decrease teen pregnancies include the employment of entertainment-education (E-E), which involves embedding health messages in an entertainment media vehicle that is relatable and attractive to the intended audience. MTV's 16 and Pregnant is an example of such an effort as an E-E documentary-style reality show that aimed to reduce the U.S. teen pregnancy rate. A pretest-posttest experiment was conducted with 147 adolescent girls (ages 14-18) to investigate the effectiveness of 16 and Pregnant on beliefs, attitudes, and intentions to avoid teen pregnancy...
November 10, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116297/maternal-depression-and-anxiety-associated-with-dental-fear-in-children-a-cohort-of-adolescent-mothers-in-southern-brazil
#18
Vanessa Polina Pereira Costa, Marcos Britto Correa, Marília Leão Goettems, Ricardo Tavares Pinheiro, Flávio Fernando Demarco
Exposure to maternal symptoms of depression/anxiety has long-term negative consequences for child development, regardless of the contextual risk. The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship of the symptomatology of persistent maternal depression and anxiety with child dental fear. This study was nested in a cohort of adolescent mothers in southern Brazil. Symptomatology of maternal depression and anxiety was assessed during pregnancy and postpartum, when the mothers' children were 24-36 months old, using Beck Depression Inventory and Beck Anxiety Inventory...
November 6, 2017: Brazilian Oral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113038/micronutrient-dietary-intake-in-latina-pregnant-adolescents-and-its-association-with-level-of-depression-stress-and-social-support
#19
Angelie Singh, Caroline Trumpff, Jeanine Genkinger, Alida Davis, Marisa Spann, Elizabeth Werner, Catherine Monk
Adolescent pregnant women are at greater risk for nutritional deficits, stress, and depression than their adult counterparts, and these risk factors for adverse pregnancy outcomes are likely interrelated. This study evaluated the prevalence of nutritional deficits in pregnant teenagers and assessed the associations among micronutrient dietary intake, stress, and depression. One hundred and eight pregnant Latina adolescents completed an Automated Self-Administered 24-hour dietary recall (ASA24) in the 2nd trimester...
November 4, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111178/dose-dependent-neurocognitive-deficits-following-postnatal-day-10-hiv-1-viral-protein-exposure-relationship-to-hippocampal-anatomy-parameters
#20
Sylvia Fitting, Kristen A McLaurin, Rosemarie M Booze, Charles F Mactutus
Despite the availability of antiretroviral prophylactic treatment, pediatric human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) continues to be a significant risk factor in the post-cART era. The time of infection (i.e., during pregnancy, delivery or breastfeeding) may play a role in the development of neurocognitive deficits in pediatric HIV-1. HIV-1 viral protein exposure on postnatal day (P)1, preceding the postnatal brain growth spurt in rats, had deleterious effects on neurocognitive development and anatomical parameters of the hippocampus (Fitting et al...
October 27, 2017: International Journal of Developmental Neuroscience
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