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Antidepressants and cancer

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438551/development-of-a-buccal-doxepin-platform-for-pain-in-oral-mucositis-derived-from-head-and-neck-cancer-treatment
#1
Roser Sanz, Ana C Calpena, Mireia Mallandrich, Álvaro Gimeno, Lyda Halbaut, Beatriz Clares
This study describes the development of semisolid formulations containing doxepin (DOX) for pain relief in oral mucositis, frequently related to chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy treatments in patients with head and neck cancer. Chemical permeation enhancers were evaluated and selected according to the results obtained from rheological studies, drug release, permeation and retention through buccal mucosa. Finally, the selected formulation was compared in vivo, with a reference DOX mouthwash, whose clinical efficacy had been previously reported...
April 21, 2017: European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433460/stimulatory-effect-of-desipramine-on-lung-metastases-of-adenocarcinoma-madb-106-in-stress-highly-sensitive-and-stress-non-reactive-rats
#2
Beata Grygier, Marta Kubera, Danuta Wrona, Adam Roman, Agnieszka Basta-Kaim, Piotr Gruca, Mariusz Papp, Zofia Rogoz, Monika Leskiewicz, Boguslawa Budziszewska, Magdalena Regulska, Barbara Korzeniak, Katarzyna Curzytek, Katarzyna Glombik, Joanna Slusarczyk, Michael Maes, Wladyslaw Lason
The effect of antidepressant drugs on tumor progress is very poorly recognized. The aim of the present study was to examine the effect of individual reactivity to stress and 24-day desipramine (DES) administration on the metastatic colonization of adenocarcinoma MADB 106 cells in the lungs of Wistar rats. Wistar rats were subjected to stress procedure according to the chronic mild stress (CMS) model of depression for two weeks and stress highly-sensitive (SHS) and stress non-reactive (SNR) rats were selected...
April 19, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404880/serotonergic-system-antagonists-target-breast-tumor-initiating-cells-and-synergize-with-chemotherapy-to-shrink-human-breast-tumor-xenografts
#3
William D Gwynne, Robin M Hallett, Adele Girgis-Gabardo, Bojana Bojovic, Anna Dvorkin-Gheva, Craig Aarts, Kay Dias, Anita Bane, John A Hassell
Breast tumors comprise an infrequent tumor cell population, termed breast tumor initiating cells (BTIC), which sustain tumor growth, seed metastases and resist cytotoxic therapies. Hence therapies are needed to target BTIC to provide more durable breast cancer remissions than are currently achieved. We previously reported that serotonergic system antagonists abrogated the activity of mouse BTIC resident in the mammary tumors of a HER2-overexpressing model of breast cancer. Here we report that antagonists of serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine; 5-HT) biosynthesis and activity, including US Federal Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved antidepressants, targeted BTIC resident in numerous breast tumor cell lines regardless of their clinical or molecular subtype...
March 29, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400146/comparison-of-four-brief-depression-screening-instruments-in-ovarian-cancer-patients-diagnostic-accuracy-using-traditional-versus-alternative-cutpoints
#4
Eileen H Shinn, Alan Valentine, George Baum, Cindy Carmack, Kelly Kilgore, Diane Bodurka, Karen Basen-Engquist
OBJECTIVES: We compared the diagnostic accuracy of 4 depression screening scales, using traditional and alternative scoring methods, to the gold standard Structured Clinical Interview-DSM IV major depressive episode (MDE) in ovarian cancer patients on active treatment. METHODS: At the beginning of a new chemotherapy regimen, ovarian cancer patients completed the following surveys on the same day: the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (CES-D), the Beck Depression Inventory Fast-Screen for Primary Care (BDI-FastScreen), the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9), and a 1-item screener ("Are you depressed?")...
April 8, 2017: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387934/effect-of-depression-before-breast-cancer-diagnosis-on-mortality-among-postmenopausal-women
#5
Xiaoyun Liang, Karen L Margolis, Michael Hendryx, Katherine Reeves, Sylvia Wassertheil-Smoller, Julie Weitlauf, Suzanne C Danhauer, Rowan T Chlebowski, Bette Caan, Lihong Qi, Dorothy Lane, Sayeh Lavasani, Juhua Luo
BACKGROUND: Few previous studies investigating depression before the diagnosis of breast cancer and breast cancer-specific mortality have examined depression measured at more than 1 time point. This study investigated the effect of depression (combining depressive symptoms alone with antidepressant use) measured at 2 time points before the diagnosis of breast cancer on all-cause mortality and breast cancer-specific mortality among older postmenopausal women. METHODS: A large prospective cohort, the Women's Health Initiative, was used...
April 7, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377827/anti-yo-mediated-paraneoplastic-cerebellar-degeneration-associated-with-pseudobulbar-affect-in-a-patient-with-breast-cancer
#6
Allison N Martin, Patrick M Dillon, David E Jones, David R Brenin, David A Lapides
Paraneoplastic cerebellar degeneration (PCD) is a rare anti-Yo mediated paraneoplastic syndromes rarely that is infrequently associated with breast cancer. We present a case of a 52-year-old female presenting with diplopia, gait instability, dysarthria, dysphagia, nystagmus, and, most notably, new onset paroxysmal episodes of uncontrollable crying concerning for pseudobulbar affect (PBA). Serologic testing showed anti-Yo antibodies. The patient was found to have stage IIIA breast cancer as the inciting cause of the paraneoplastic syndrome...
2017: Case Reports in Oncological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363155/novel-aryl-piperazines-for-alleviation-of-andropause-associated-prostatic-disorders-and-depression
#7
Sonal Gupta, Deepti Pandey, Dhanaraju Mandalapu, Vikas Sharma, Mahendra Shukla, Seema Singh, Nidhi Singh, Santosh Kumar Yadav, Dilip Kumar Tanpula, Surabhi Singh, Jagdamba P Maikhuri, Shubha Shukla, Jawahar Lal, Mohammad I Siddiqi, Gopal Gupta, Vishnu L Sharma
A series of seventeen piperazine derivatives have been synthesized and biologically evaluated for the management of andropause-associated prostatic disorders and depression. Five compounds 16, 19, 20, 21 and 22 significantly inhibited proliferation of androgen-sensitive LNCaP prostatic cell line with EC50 values of 12.4 μM, 15.6 μM, 11.8 μM, 10.4 μM, 12.2 μM respectively and decreased Ca(2+) entry through adrenergic-receptor α1A blocking activity. Anti-androgenic behaviour of compound 19 and 22 was evident by decreased luciferase activity...
March 22, 2017: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356024/anti-cancer-effects-of-citalopram-on-hepatocellular-carcinoma-cells-occur-via-cytochrome-c-release-and-the-activation-of-nf-kb
#8
Elham Ahmadian, Aziz Eftekhari, Hossein Babaei, Alireza Mohajjel Nayebi, Mohammad Ali Eghbal
BACKGROUND: Evidence has been provided of the anti-proliferative activity of citalopram against some cancer cells. OBJECTIVE: The apoptotic impact of citalopram, an antidepressant, against liver hepatocellular carcinoma cell line HepG2 was investigated in relation to the oxidative pathway and nuclear factor (NF)-kB activation. METHOD: The cytotoxic effects of citalopram on HepG2 cells proliferation were determined by MTT assay. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) formation and cytochrome c release were measured following treatment with citalopram...
March 27, 2017: Anti-cancer Agents in Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351947/antidepressants-protect-bones-from-metastatic-prostate-cancer
#9
Leslie K Ferrarelli
Monoamine oxidase A-targeted antidepressants inhibit a tumor-stroma loop and could delay the metastatic outgrowth of prostate cancer.
March 28, 2017: Science Signaling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324844/serotonin-transporter-and-receptor-ligands-with-antidepressant-activity-as-neuroprotective-and-proapoptotic-agents
#10
REVIEW
Zdzislaw Chilmonczyk, Andrzej J Bojarski, Andrzej Pilc, Ingebrigt Sylte
Serotonin exhibits multiple non-neural functions involved in essential hypertension, early embryogenesis, follicle maturation and behaviour. The growth stimulatory effects of the neurotransmitter have been described for a variety of cell types. 5-HT was found to induce migration of the human prostate cancer cell lines - PC-3 and Du145 - and several 5-HT1A antagonists and serotonin reuptake inhibitors were reported to inhibit the growth of different tumour cell lines in vitro. Recent studies suggest that neurogenesis is involved in the action of antidepressants and an involvement of antidepressants in adult hippocampal neurogenesis has been demonstrated...
January 22, 2017: Pharmacological Reports: PR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323373/the-impact-of-mental-illness-on-uptake-of-genetic-counseling-for-hereditary-breast-cancer-and-ovarian-cancer-in-a-multiethnic-cohort-of-breast-cancer-patients
#11
Marra G Ackerman, Peter A Shapiro, Austin Coe, Meghna S Trivedi, Katherine D Crew
We evaluated whether mental illness is a barrier to genetic counseling for hereditary breast and ovarian cancer (HBOC) in multiethnic breast cancer patients. We conducted a retrospective analysis of 308 women with newly diagnosed breast cancer and eligible for HBOC genetic testing seen in the breast clinic of an academic, urban medical center from 2007 to 2015. Uptake of genetic services and history of mental health disorder (MHD), defined as a psychiatric diagnosis or treatment with an antidepressant, mood stabilizer, anxiolytic, or antipsychotic medication, were ascertained by medical chart review...
March 21, 2017: Breast Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317314/assessing-disruptions-in-adherence-to-antidepressant-treatments-after-breast-cancer-diagnosis
#12
Yi-Ting Chou, Aaron N Winn, Donald L Rosenstein, Stacie B Dusetzina
PURPOSE: Long-term treatment with antidepressants can lessen the symptoms of depression, but health-related crises-such as a cancer diagnosis-may disrupt ongoing depression care. The study aims to estimate the effect of receiving a breast cancer diagnosis on antidepressant adherence among women with depression. METHODS: Using SEER-Medicare administrative claims, we identified women aged 65+ with newly diagnosed breast cancer between 2008 and 2011, who were diagnosed with depression and used antidepressants during the year before pre-diagnosis year...
March 19, 2017: Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316984/leptin-leprb-expressed-in-gastric-cancer-patients-and-related-to-cancer-related-depression
#13
Yunbao Pan, Fuling Zhou, Chenyan He, Lingyun Hui, Tianhe Huang, Yongchang Wei
Depression is the most common psychiatric disorder among cancer patients. Studies have not only highlighted that leptin and its receptor (LepRb) are independent poor prognostic factors in gastric cancer (GC) patients but also shown that the leptin-LepRb is necessary for antidepressant-like behaviors. In this study, we examined the serum and tissue leptin-LepRb expression in GC patients. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay showed that depressive GC patients had significantly higher serum leptin-LepRb than healthy donors...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287854/polypharmacy-and-adherence-to-adjuvant-endocrine-therapy-for-breast-cancer
#14
Gregory S Calip, Shan Xing, Da-Hae Jun, Wan-Ju Lee, Kent F Hoskins, Naomi Y Ko
PURPOSE: Many patients with breast cancer are treated for other conditions and experience polypharmacy with multiple concurrent medications. Our aim was to evaluate polypharmacy in relation to adherence to adjuvant endocrine therapy (AET) in breast cancer. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of women with incident, invasive breast cancer initiating AET (tamoxifen, letrozole, anastrozole, exemestane) between 2009 and 2013 in the Truven Health MarketScan Database...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Oncology Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278721/sertraline-exerts-its-antitumor-functions-through-both-apoptosis-and-autophagy-pathways-in-acute-myeloid-leukemia-cells
#15
Di Xia, Ying-Ting Zhang, Gui-Ping Xu, Wei-Wei Yan, Xiao-Rong Pan, Jian-Hua Tong
It has been found that sertraline, a widely used antidepressant drug, possessed antitumor roles in a variety of cancers including liver cancer, colorectal cancer and lymphoma. In this study, we provided evidences that sertraline had potent antiproliferative activity not only in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cell lines but also in the fresh leukemia cells from AML patients, and could induce cell death through both apoptosis and autophagy pathways. Moreover, we found that inhibiting autophagy pathway could partially attenuate sertraline-induced apoptosis and cell growth inhibition, indicating that sertraline-induced autophagy process could facilitate AML cell apoptosis to some degree...
February 13, 2017: Leukemia & Lymphoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267211/retrospective-review-of-serotonergic-medication-tolerability-in-patients-with-neuroendocrine-tumors-with-biochemically-proven-carcinoid-syndrome
#16
Diana D Shi, David P Yuppa, Trevor Dutton, Lauren K Brais, Sarah L Minden, Ilana M Braun, Matthew H Kulke, Jennifer A Chan, Fremonta L Meyer
BACKGROUND: Patients with carcinoid tumors frequently could benefit from the pharmacologic treatment of depression and anxiety. However, many prescribers avoid serotonergic medications due to the theoretical risk of exacerbating carcinoid syndrome. METHODS: The authors conducted a retrospective chart review of patients with carcinoid tumors and elevated serotonin levels (as measured by 24-hour urine 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid [5-HIAA]) at Dana-Farber/Brigham and Women's Cancer Center who initiated treatment with serotonergic antidepressants after a carcinoid diagnosis from 2003 to 2016...
March 7, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263527/genotoxicity-of-wastewater-from-health-care-facilities
#17
REVIEW
Alena Vlková, Zdeňka Wittlingerová, Magdalena Zimová, Gabriela Jírová, Kristina Kejlová, Stanislav Janoušek, Dagmar Jírová
Health care facilities use for therapeutic purposes, diagnostics, research, and disinfection a high number of chemical compounds, such as pharmaceuticals (e.g. antibiotics, cytostatics, antidepressants), disinfectants, surfactants, metals, radioactive elements, bleach preparations, etc. Hospitals consume significant amounts of water (in the range of 400 to 1200 liters/day/bed) corresponding to the amount of wastewater discharge. Some of these chemicals are not eliminated in wastewater treatment plants and are the source of pollution for surface and groundwater supplies...
December 18, 2016: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257284/pharmacogenomics-and-tailored-polypharmacy-an-80-year-old-lady-with-rosuvastatin-associated-rhabdomyolysis-and-maprotiline-related-ogilvie-s-syndrome%C3%A2
#18
Katherina B Sreter, Blazenka Barisic, Sanja Popovic-Grle
What is known and objectives: Multiple adverse drug reactions (ADRs) are expected, and thus should be prevented in the elderly comorbid patient on polypharmacy. Rosuvastatin is commonly prescribed for the treatment and prevention of atherosclerotic diseases, and in rare cases, is associated with rhabdomyolysis. Maprotiline is a tetracyclic antidepressant, infrequently used in the United States, but seemingly more broadly in European countries. Acute colonic pseudo-obstruction (Ogilvie's syndrome) caused by maprotiline has thus far, to our knowledge, not yet been described in the literature...
May 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216154/the-effect-of-indatraline-on-angiogenesis-suppression-through-hif-1%C3%AE-mediated-vegf-inhibition
#19
Chih-Na Yen, Yoon Sun Cho, Ho Jeong Kwon
The present research reports a novel biological activity of indatraline, a compound clinically used as an antidepressant. We previously identified indatraline as an autophagy inducer. Autophagy is an intracellular catabolic pathway for degrading or recycling unnecessary organelles in response to cellular stress. Indatraline-mediated autophagy induction results from mTOR inhibition. The mTOR is a negative regulator of autophagy as well as a master regulator of angiogenesis. Angiogenesis defines the process by which new vessels are formed from pre-existing vascular tissues, providing nutrients to cancer cells, allowing rapid tumor progression...
April 1, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214970/optimal-bowel-cleansing-for-colonoscopy-in-the-elderly-patient
#20
Samuel B Ho, Rita Hovsepians, Samir Gupta
Colonoscopy is an important diagnostic and screening tool for colorectal cancer detection and prevention, and adequate bowel preparation is critical for successful colonoscopy. Complications related to colonoscopy, either directly or indirectly related to the procedure, are increased in elderly patients, and the risks and benefits of colonoscopy procedures need to be carefully considered in these patients. Recent studies have shown that 4 L polyethylene glycol with a split preparation is safe and effective for elderly patients, and is the preferred preparation for patients with medical comorbidities...
March 2017: Drugs & Aging
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