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e_cadherin expression of gastric cancer

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302045/mir-200c-inhibits-tgf-%C3%AE-induced-emt-to-restore-trastuzumab-sensitivity-by-targeting-zeb1-and-zeb2-in-gastric-cancer
#1
Xinliang Zhou, Xinyi Men, Riyang Zhao, Jing Han, Zhisong Fan, Yudong Wang, Yalei Lv, Jing Zuo, Lianmei Zhao, Meixiang Sang, Xian-De Liu, Baoen Shan
Gastric cancer is the fifth most common malignancy in the world, with Eastern Asia as one of areas with the highest incidence rates. Trastuzumab, a HER2-targeting antibody, combined with chemotherapy has been successfully employed for the gastric cancer patients with HER2 overexpression/amplification. However, trastuzumab resistance is a major problem in clinical practice. Here we observed that the trastuzumab-resistant gastric cancer cell line NCI-N87/TR expressed high levels of epithelial-mesenchymal transition factors and demonstrated increased migration and invasion capability compared with NCI-N87 cells...
January 4, 2018: Cancer Gene Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229873/thymoquinone-induces-cytotoxicity-and-reprogramming-of-emt-in-gastric-cancer-cells-by-targeting-pi3k-akt-mtor-pathway
#2
Li-Min Feng, Xue-Feng Wang, Qing-Xian Huang
Gastric cancer is one of the lethal causes of cancer-related deaths worldwide. The incidence and mortality rates of this disease is comparatively higher in China. In the current study, we evaluated the anticancer effects of Thymoquinone (TQ) against gastric cancer cells (MGC80-3 and SGC-7901) and normal noncancerous GES-1 cells and attempted to investigate the underlying mechanism. Our results indicated that TQ exhibited significant growth inhibitory effects on gastric cancer cells (MGC80-3 and SGC-7901). However, lower cytotoxicity was observed against normal GES-1 cells...
December 2017: Journal of Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212207/dusp4-promotes-doxorubicin-resistance-in-gastric-cancer-through-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition
#3
Xing Kang, Minhuan Li, Hao Zhu, Xiaofeng Lu, Ji Miao, Shangce Du, Xuefeng Xia, Wenxian Guan
Chemoresistance limits treatment efficacy in gastric cancer and doxorubicin resistance is common in gastric cancer cells. Dual specificity phosphatase 4 (DUSP4) has been associated with tumor progression. This study aimed to investigate the mechanism of DUSP4 regulating doxorubicin resistance in gastric cancer cells. Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8) and 5-ethynyl-2'-deoxyuridine (EdU) incorporation assay were used to measure cell viability and proliferation in gastric cancer cells treated with doxorubicin. The expression of DUSP4, E-cadherin and Vimentin protein was detected by Western blotting...
November 7, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187649/-il-6-promotes-gastric-cancer-cell-proliferation-and-emt-through-regulating-mir-152-pik3r3-pathway
#4
Jie Sun, Lifang Fu
To explore the role of interleukin (IL)-6 in gastric cancer cells and the mechanisms.
 Methods: Gastric cancer cells MGC-803 were treated with 50 ng/mL of recombinant IL-6 protein, and then cell viability and cell migration were detected by MTT assay and wound-healing assay, respectively. The mRNA and protein expressions of E-cadherin, N-cadherin, vimentin, Snail1 and miR-152 were analyzed by RT-qPCR and Western blot, respectively. Moreover, MGC-803 cells were simultaneously or separately treated with IL-6 and transfected with miR-152 mimics, and then the mRNA expression of PIK3R3 and the protein levels of PIK3R3, Akt and p-Akt were determined...
November 28, 2017: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151976/aqueous-huaier-extract-suppresses-gastric-cancer-metastasis-and-epithelial-to-mesenchymal-transition-by-targeting-twist
#5
Zhiyuan Xu, Guowei Zheng, Yiping Wang, Chunli Zhang, Jianfa Yu, Fei Teng, Hang Lv, Xiangdong Cheng
Trametes robiniophila Murr. (Huaier) is a widely used anti-cancer agent in China. Strong evidence for the anti-proliferative activity of Huaier has been reported; however, its anti-metastatic potential against gastric cancer (GC) as well as its underlying mechanism of action are unknown. Here, we show that treatment with an aqueous Huaier extract over a range of concentrations significantly suppressed both the invasiveness and migratory ability of GC cells. Huaier could also partly reverse the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), as characterized by increased expression of the epithelial marker E-cadherin and decreased expression of the mesenchymal markers N-cadherin and vimentin...
2017: Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138864/expression-level-of-microrna-200c-is-associated-with-cell-morphology-in-vitro-and-histological-differentiation-through-regulation-of-zeb1-2-and-e-cadherin-in-gastric-carcinoma
#6
Atsushi Kurata, Masatoshi Yamada, Shin-Ichiro Ohno, Shigeru Inoue, Hirotsugu Hashimoto, Koji Fujita, Masakatsu Takanashi, Masahiko Kuroda
Scirrhous type gastric cancer is characterized by diffuse infiltration of poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma cells and poor prognosis. Although association of poorly differentiated histology with reduction in E-cadherin expression, as well as association of microRNA (miR)-200c with E-cadherin through regulation of ZEB1/2, has been reported, participation of miR-200c in gastric carcinogenesis is not fully understood. We used 6 cell lines originating from gastric cancers, and investigated levels of miR-200c along with its target mRNAs ZEB1/2 and E-cadherin by qRT-PCR...
November 10, 2017: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131691/a-new-mutation-of-the-cdh1-gene-in-a-patient-with-an-aggressive-signet-ring-cell-carcinoma-of-the-stomach
#7
Laura Caggiari, Gianmaria Miolo, Vincenzo Canzonieri, Mariangela De Zorzi, Lara Alessandrini, Giuseppe Corona, Renato Cannizzaro, Davide Adriano Santeufemia, Antonio Cossu, Angela Buonadonna, Valli De Re
Germline mutations in CDH1, the gene coding for the E-cadherin adhesion protein, are known to cause hereditary diffuse gastric cancer. We identified a new truncating germline mutation (p.Asp538Thrfs*19) in exon 11 of the CDH1 gene in a 41-year-old male with a diffuse gastric cancer. Although he had no parental history of gastric cancer, the co-segregation study in the family detected the same mutation in his healthy 31-year-old brother. The mutation affects one of the extracellular repeat (CAD repeats) domains which is essential for the homophilic binding specificity that directs "E-cadherin" to bind with itself each others...
November 13, 2017: Cancer Biology & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129808/overexpression-of-foxa1-inhibits-cell-proliferation-and-emt-of-human-gastric-cancer-ags-cells
#8
Mengxin Lin, Jie Pan, Qiang Chen, Zongbin Xu, Xiaoyan Lin, Chunmei Shi
The lack of effective medical treatment for advanced stages of gastric cancer mainly contributes to the high mortality rate. The association of forkhead box protein A1 (FOXA1) with tumor progression has been reported in different human cancers. However, the function of FOXA1 in gastric cancer is largely unknown. In the present study, FOXA1 protein showed a significant reduction in gastric cancer samples comparing with matched control samples. In addition, the higher expression of FOXA1 in transcription level was observed in gastric cancer cell lines as compared with that in normal gastric cell line, while the contrary result was observed in protein level...
November 9, 2017: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113337/long-noncoding-rna-snhg20-promotes-gastric-cancer-progression-by-inhibiting-p21-expression-and-regulating-the-gsk-3%C3%AE-%C3%AE-catenin-signaling-pathway
#9
Jie Liu, Lanyu Liu, Jin-Xiang Wan, Ying Song
Recent studies have indicated that long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) play important regulatory roles in tumor development and progression. However, the contribution of small nucleolar RNA host gene 20 (SNHG20) to gastric cancer development remains largely unknown. The aim of the study is to investigate the functional significance of SNHG20 involved in gastric cancer (GC) progression. In the study, our results demonstrated that the expression levels of SNHG20 were remarkably up-regulated in GC cells. Functionally, SNHG20 promoted the GC MKN45 and BGC-823 cells proliferation and invasion...
October 6, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104635/upregulation-of-t-cadherin-suppresses-cell-proliferation-migration-and-invasion-of-gastric-cancer-in-vitro
#10
Jianqing Lin, Zhiyao Chen, Zhijun Huang, Feng Chen, Zeyi Ye, Shaoze Lin, Weidong Wang
As a unique member of the cadherin superfamily, T-cadherin (T-cad) has been demonstrated to be associated with gastric cancer (GC) prognosis. To elucidate the function of T-cad in GC in vitro, the present study firstly examined T-cad protein expression in normal and gastric cancer tissues and cell lines, and it was demonstrated to be significantly downregulated in gastric cancer samples compared with normal samples. Control and T-cad expression vectors were then transfected into the MGC8-03 and AGS GC cell lines...
November 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098529/18%C3%AE-glycyrrhetinic-acid-inhibits-migration-and-invasion-of-human-gastric-cancer-cells-via-the-ros-pkc-%C3%AE-erk-pathway
#11
Hongke Cai, Xi Chen, Jianbo Zhang, Jijian Wang
18β-glycyrrhetinic acid (18β-GA) is a bioactive component of licorice root which exerts pharmacological activities including anti-inflammatory, antiviral, anti-oxidative and anti-cancer effects. The current study further investigated the molecular mechanisms associated with the inhibitory effects of 18β-GA on tumor metastasis in human gastric cancer cells. The results indicated that 18β-GA significantly reduced invasion and migration activities and suppressed MMP-2 and 9 activities on SGC-7901cells in a dose-dependent manner...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Natural Medicines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097184/protein-arginine-methyltransferase-1-coordinates-the-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-proliferation-dichotomy-in-gastric-cancer-cells
#12
Youli Zhang, Dawei Wang, Meiting Zhang, Hong Wei, Ying Lu, Yaocheng Sun, Meng Zhou, Shuming Gu, Wen Feng, Huizhi Wang, Jian Zeng, Aihua Gong, Min Xu
Protein arginine methyltransferase 1 (PRMT1) is up-regulated and promotes migration, invasion and proliferation in wide range of cancers. However, we for the first time identify that PRMT1 promotes migration and invasion and inhibits proliferation in gastric cancer cells, a phenomenon called "migration-proliferation dichotomy". First, we find that PRMT1 overexpression promotes migration and invasion and inhibits proliferation,whereas PRMT1 knockdown reverses the above abilities. Next, PRMT1 reduces the expression of epithelial marker E-cadherin and increases the expression of mesenchymal markers including N-cadherin, Vimentin, snail and β-catenin in gastric cancer cells...
October 30, 2017: Experimental Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067458/associations-between-mutations-of-the-cell-cycle-checkpoint-kinase-2-gene-and-gastric-carcinogenesis
#13
Yan Hong, Jun Shi, Zhijun Ge, Haorong Wu
Gastric cancer is the most common malignant tumor of the digestive system. The etiology of gastric cancer is complex, and susceptibility at the genetic level remains to be fully elucidated in genetic investigations. In the present study, mutations of the cell cycle checkpoint kinase 2 (CHEK2) gene and its association with gastric cancer were examined. Reverse transcription‑quantitative polymerase chain reaction technology was used to detect the expression of CHEK2 and it was found that the expression of CHEK2 was low in gastric cancer...
October 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030742/pten-gene-induces-cell-invasion-and-migration-via-regulating-akt-gsk-3%C3%AE-%C3%AE-catenin-signaling-pathway-in-human-gastric-cancer
#14
Jingjing Ma, Xufeng Guo, Jixiang Zhang, Dandan Wu, Xue Hu, Jiao Li, Qingzhi Lan, Ya Liu, Weiguo Dong
BACKGROUND: Abnormality of PTEN gene and Wnt/β-catenin signaling have been strongly implicated in various malignant cancers. Recently, it has been noted that a functional interaction/cross-talk was found between the PTEN/PI3K/AKT and Wnt/β-catenin, which plays a key role in the development of cancers. However, few related studies on gastric cancer are available. AIM: We examined the expression of PTEN and β-catenin in gastric cancer tissues and detected whether down-regulation of PTEN promotes the migration and invasion in gastric cancer cells along with its underlying mechanism...
December 2017: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978107/foxm1-facilitates-gastric-cancer-cell-migration-and-invasion-by-inducing-cathepsin-d
#15
Li Yang, Ming Cui, Liang Zhang, Lei Song
Forkhead box M1 (FOXM1) has been reported as a vital transcription factor in different human malignancies. To date, the mechanisms of FOXM1 in modulating the invasion and metastasis of gastric cancer cells have not been elucidated. In the present study, we found that overexpression of FOXM1 prompted cell migration and invasion of gastric cancer, and increased the expression of Cathepsin D (Cath-D). However, FOXM1 siRNA repressed cell migration and invasion, and also decreased the expression of Cath-D in gastric cancer cells...
September 15, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970725/hox-transcript-antisense-intergenic-rna-represses-e-cadherin-expression-by-binding-to-ezh2-in-gastric-cancer
#16
Wen-Ming Chen, Wei-Dong Chen, Xue-Mei Jiang, Xue-Feng Jia, Hong-Mei Wang, Qiu-Jie Zhang, Yong-Qian Shu, Hai-Bo Zhao
AIM: To clarify the mechanisms of HOX transcript antisense intergenic RNA (HOTAIR) in gastric cancer (GC) migration and invasion. METHODS: Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) was used to detect the expression level of HOTAIR in GC tissues. The correlation of its expression with clinicopathological features was analyzed. Area under receiver operating characteristic curve (AUCROC) was constructed to evaluate the diagnostic value of HOTAIR. Wound-healing assay and Transwell assay were performed to detect the biological effects of HOTAIR in GC cells...
September 7, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927050/expression-of-tspan-1-gene-in-patients-with-advanced-gastric-cancer
#17
Yaowu Cai, Maosong Zheng, Zhiqiang Zhao, Hanxing Huang, Wenda Fu, Xuefeng Xu
The present study investigated the correlations of the Tspan-1 gene expression with the clinical characteristics and survival prognoses of patients with advanced gastric cancer. A total of 150 patients with advanced gastric cancer were enrolled in the present study, of whom 84 were at stage II and 66 were at stage III according to the tumor node metastasis (TNM) staging; the immunohistochemical staining method and the semi-quantitative PCR method were used to detect the positive expression rates and mRNA relative expression levels of Tspan-1, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), E-cadherin and N-cadherin...
September 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906366/risk-factors-for-lymph-node-metastasis-of-early-gastric-cancers-in-patients-younger-than-40
#18
Tao Ji, Fan Zhou, John Wang, Li Zi
This research aims to explore the potential risk factors of lymph node metastasis (LNM) for early gastric cancers in young patients.We retrospectively collected data from 4287 patients who underwent gastrectomy from January 2005 to December 2015 at Linyi People's Hospital. Of these, we enrolled 397 eligible consecutive patients who had early gastric cancer, then divided them into 2 groups according to age (≤40 years and >40 years). The association between the clinicopathological factors and LNM was analyzed by univariate and multivariate analysis...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895255/ubr2-enriched-in-p53-deficient-mouse-bone-marrow-mesenchymal-stem-cell-exosome-promoted-gastric-cancer-progression-via-wnt-%C3%AE-catenin-pathway
#19
Jiahui Mao, Zhaofeng Liang, Bin Zhang, Huan Yang, Xia Li, Hailong Fu, Xu Zhang, Yongmin Yan, Wenrong Xu, Hui Qian
The deficiency or mutation of p53 has been linked to several types of cancers. The mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) is an important component in the tumor microenvironment, and exosomes secreted by MSCs can transfer bioactive molecules, including proteins and nucleic acid, to other cells in the tumor microenvironment to influence the progress of a tumor. However, whether the state of p53 in MSCs can impact the bioactive molecule secretion of exosomes to promote cancer progression and the regulatory mechanism remains elusive...
November 2017: Stem Cells
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893318/icg-001-suppresses-growth-of-gastric-cancer-cells-and-reduces-chemoresistance-of-cancer-stem-cell-like-population
#20
Yi Liu, Hui Chen, Peiming Zheng, Yingxia Zheng, Qin Luo, Guohua Xie, Yanhui Ma, Lisong Shen
BACKGROUND: ICG-001, a small molecule, binds CREB-binding protein (CBP) to disrupt its interaction with β-catenin and inhibits CBP function as a co-activator of Wnt/β-catenin-mediated transcription. Given its ability to inhibit Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway, ICG-001 has been used in some tumor types to exert its anticarcinogenic effect. Here, we examined ICG-001 and its potential role as a therapeutic in gastric cancer (GC). METHODS: The gastric cancer cell lines SGC-7901, MGC-803, BGC-823 and MKN-45 were used in vitro and in vivo...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Experimental & Clinical Cancer Research: CR
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