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e_cadherin expression of gastric cancer

Tim S Bracey, Louise C Keers, Susan A Adams, Mark E F Smith
This article reports differences between the properties of extravascular carcinoma, which generally forms the vast bulk of a tumor, and those of intravascular carcinoma, at both primary and metastatic lymph node sites. In a morphological and immunohistochemical study of 19 diffuse gastric adenocarcinomas, we report that in comparison to extravascular carcinoma, the intravascular tumor compartment showed frequent and profound phenotypic change, including increased tumor cell cohesion, differentiation and cadherin/catenin expression...
October 12, 2016: International Journal of Surgical Pathology
Emilie Bessède, Silvia Molina, Luis Acuña Amador, Pierre Dubus, Cathy Staedel, Lucie Chambonnier, Alice Buissonnière, Elodie Sifré, Alban Giese, Lucie Bénéjat, Benoît Rousseau, Pierre Costet, David B Sacks, Francis Mégraud, Christine Varon
Helicobacter pylori infection is responsible for gastric carcinogenesis but host factors are also implicated. IQGAP1, a scaffolding protein of the adherens junctions interacting with E-cadherin, regulates cellular plasticity and proliferation. In mice, IQGAP1 deficiency leads to gastric hyperplasia. The aim of this study was to elucidate the consequences of IQGAP1 deletion on H. pylori-induced gastric carcinogenesis.Transgenic mice deleted for iqgap1 and WT littermates were infected with Helicobacter sp., and histopathological analyses of the gastric mucosa were performed...
October 6, 2016: Oncotarget
A R Bustos-Carpinteyro, N Delgado-Figueroa, E Santiago-Luna, M T Magaña-Torres, J Y Sánchez-López
Gastric cancer (GC), the third leading cause of cancer-related deaths in Mexico and worldwide, can be classified into diffuse (DGC) or intestinal (IGC) types based on its histological characteristics. DGC is characterized by reduced expression of the cell adhesion protein E-cadherin, which is encoded by CDH1. The -472delA (rs5030625) and -160C>A (rs16260) polymorphisms in CDH1 induce a decrease in gene transcription; in fact, these mutated alleles have been associated with GC in some populations, with conflicting results...
September 16, 2016: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
Y J Yang, Z B Li, G R Zhang, L J Wu, J Y Yu, L J Hu, Y L Zhou, H D Wang, D Liang
Biological changes in Snail-overexpressed SGC7901 cells were studied by establishing a pEGFP-C1-Snail carrier. The significance of Snail in epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) as well as the invasion and metastatic capacity of gastric cancer cells was also discussed; moreover, we attempted to verify the probable cancer stem cell characteristics of Snail-overexpressed cells. A pEGFP-C1-Snail eukaryotic expression plasmid was constructed and pEGFP-C1(-) and pEGFP-C1-Snail plasmids were extracted and transfected into SGC7901 cells using Lipofectamine 2000...
August 29, 2016: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
Jing Zhang, Xiao-Yu Chen, Ke-Jian Huang, Wei-Dong Wu, Tao Jiang, Jun Cao, Li-Sheng Zhou, Zheng-Jun Qiu, Chen Huang
The aim of the present study was to investigate the expression of forkhead box M1 (FoxM1) and E-cadherin in tissues of gastric cancer in order to reveal any correlation between FoxM1, E-cadherin and clinicopathological parameters. The association between FoxM1 and E-cadherin in the development and progression of gastric cancer was also investigated. The expression of FoxM1 and E-cadherin in gastric cancer and adjacent normal tissue on tissue microarray was detected using immunohistochemistry. The clinicopathological significance of FoxM1 and E-cadherin in gastric cancer was explored, and the association between FoxM1 and E-cadherin was further examined using statistical techniques...
October 2016: Oncology Letters
Wei Zhu, Liang Ye, Jianzhao Zhang, Pengfei Yu, Hongbo Wang, Zuguang Ye, Jingwei Tian
PFKFB3 (6-phosphofructo-2-kinase) synthesizes fructose 2,6-bisphosphate (F2,6P2), which is an allosteric activator of 6-phosphofructo-1-kinase (PFK-1), the rate-limiting enzyme of glycolysis. Overexpression of the PFKFB3 enzyme leads to high glycolytic metabolism, which is required for cancer cells to survive in the harsh tumor microenvironment. The objective of this study was to investigate the antitumor activity of PFK15 (1-(4-pyridinyl)-3-(2-quinolinyl)-2-propen-1-one), a small molecule inhibitor of PFKFB3, against gastric cancer and to explore its potential mechanisms...
2016: PloS One
Ping Li, Yan-Fei Jia, Xiao-Li Ma, Yan Zheng, Yi Kong, Yao Zhang, Shuai Zong, Zhi-Tao Chen, Yun-Shan Wang
Differentiated embryonic chondrocyte expressed gene 2 (DEC2; BHLHE41/Sharp1) is a helix-loop-helix (bHLH) transcription factor, and its deregulation has been observed in several tumors. However, this gene's effects on tumor progression are controversial, and its roles in gastric cancer (GC) remain unclear. In the present study, we found that DEC2 expression level is lower in GC tissues compared with adjacent non-tumor tissues, and negatively correlated with tumor invasion, lymph node metastasis, TNM stage, and poor survival of GC patients...
2016: American Journal of Cancer Research
Hao Xu, Ji-Gui Peng, Yi-Fan Zhuang, Jia-Jia Chen, Qi-Cong Luo, Wei-Feng Huang, Chun-Dong Lin, Jian-Chun Cai
According to Ming's classification, gastric cancer (GC) can be divided into two types: expanding and infiltrative. The two types are readily recognizable by histology: expanding carcinomas grow en masse and by expansion, resulting in the formation of discrete tumour nodules, whereas in infiltrative carcinoma, tumour cells invade individually. Both types show varying degrees of cell maturation. The two types of carcinomas have vastly different pathological and clinical features. However, little is known concerning the mechanisms underlying these differences since no GC cell line models are available...
September 14, 2016: Oncology Reports
Chang Li, Lei Song, Zhuo Zhang, Xiao-Xue Bai, Ming-Fu Cui, Lian-Jun Ma
This study aimed to explore the effects of miR-21 and PTEN/Akt signaling pathway on TGF-β1-induced epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in gastric cancer (GC). GC tissues and adjacent tissues were collected from 83 patients. The qRT-PCR assay was performed to detect miR-21 expression. The expressions of PTEN, Akt and p-Akt were detected by immunohistochemistry. After 48 h of treatment with TGF-β1 (10 ng/mL), the SGC-7901 and KATO-III cells were divided into the blank, negative control (NC), miR-21 inhibitors, PTEN-siRNA and miR-21 inhibitors + PTEN-siRNA groups...
September 7, 2016: Oncotarget
Keita Kobayashi, Hiroaki Matsumoto, Hideyasu Matsuyama, Nakanori Fujii, Ryo Inoue, Yoshiaki Yamamoto, Kazuhiro Nagao
CD44, a major surface receptor for hyaluronic acid, has multiple isoforms and represents a major cancer stem cell marker for various epithelial tumors. CD44 variant 9 (CD44v9) was correlated with recurrence and metastasis in gastric and colon cancer. We examined its role in invasion and as a biomarker for the basal muscle invasive molecular subtype showing worse prognosis, and for tumor progression in high risk (pT1/high grade) non‑muscle invasive bladder cancers (NMIBCs). CD44v9, cytokeratin 5/6 (CK5/6), and cytokeratin 20 (CK20) expression was evaluated by immunohistochemistry in 98 pathologically confirmed specimens (36 muscle and 62 high‑risk non‑muscle) and correlated to clinical outcome...
September 1, 2016: Oncology Reports
Yuliya I Petrova, Leslayann Schecterson, Barry M Gumbiner
The loss of E-cadherin expression in association with the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) occurs frequently during tumor metastasis. However, metastases often retain E-cadherin expression, an EMT is not required for metastasis, and metastases can arise from clusters of tumor cells. We demonstrate that the regulation of the adhesive activity of E-cadherin present at the cell surface by an inside-out signaling mechanism is important in cancer. First we find that the metastasis of an E-cadherin expressing mammary cell line from the mammary gland to the lung depends on reduced E-cadherin adhesive function...
August 31, 2016: Molecular Biology of the Cell
Rachel S van der Post, Irene Gullo, Carla Oliveira, Laura H Tang, Heike I Grabsch, Maria O'Donovan, Rebecca C Fitzgerald, Han van Krieken, Fátima Carneiro
Familial clustering is seen in 10 % of gastric cancer cases and approximately 1-3 % of gastric cancer arises in the setting of hereditary diffuse gastric cancer (HDGC). In families with HDGC, gastric cancer presents at young age. HDGC is predominantly caused by germline mutations in CDH1 and in a minority by mutations in other genes, including CTNNA1. Early stage HDGC is characterized by a few, up to dozens of intramucosal foci of signet ring cell carcinoma and its precursor lesions. These include in situ signet ring cell carcinoma and pagetoid spread of signet ring cells...
2016: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Lin Song, Xin Zhou, Hong-Jun Jia, Mei Du, Jin-Ling Zhang, Liang Li
OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of hGC-MSCs from human gastric cancer tissue on cell proliferation, invasion and epithelial-mesenchymal transition in tumor tissue of gastric cancer tumor-bearing mice. METHODS: BABL/c nude mice were selected as experimental animals and gastric cancer tumor-bearing mice model were established by subcutaneous injection of gastric cancer cells, randomly divided into different intervention groups. hGC-MSCs group were given different amounts of gastric cancer cells for subcutaneous injection, PBS group was given equal volume of PBS for subcutaneous injection...
August 2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
Zhi-Feng Miao, Xing-Yu Liu, Hui-Mian Xu, Zhen-Ning Wang, Ting-Ting Zhao, Yong-Xi Song, Ya-Nan Xing, Jin-Yu Huang, Jun-Yan Zhang, Hao Xu, Ying-Ying Xu
The objective of the current study was to investigate the expression pattern of Tbx3 and its clinicopathological significance in patients with gastric cancer. The expression pattern of Tbx3 in gastric cancer tissues and adjacent noncancerous surface epithelia and mucosal glands was detected by immunohistochemistry. Tbx3 was found to be overexpressed in 46 of 98 human gastric cancer samples, and this correlated with advanced clinical stage, tumor stage, and nodal status. In addition, in the SGC-7901 gastric cancer cell line, Tbx3 overexpression by plasmid transfection promoted growth and invasion...
August 24, 2016: Virchows Archiv: An International Journal of Pathology
Ping Zhou, Nan Jiang, Guo-Xia Zhang, Qing Sun
Gastric cancer is one of the most common malignancies in the world. A number of miRNAs are aberrantly expressed during the progression of gastric cancer. In this study, we aimed to investigate the role of miR-203 in the invasion and metastasis of gastric cancer and the potential mechanism of the effect of miR-203 on the tumor progression of gastric cancer. Our results showed that miR-203 was significantly downregulated in gastric cancer tissues and cells, while ataxia telangiectasia mutated kinase (ATM) was upregulated in gastric cancer tissues and cells and was directly regulated by miR-203...
August 2016: Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica
Sandra Carvalho, Tiago Oliveira, Markus F Bartels, Eiji Miyoshi, Michael Pierce, Naoyuki Taniguchi, Fátima Carneiro, Raquel Seruca, Celso A Reis, Sabine Strahl, Salomé S Pinho
Dysregulation of tumor suppressor protein E-cadherin is an early molecular event in cancer. O-mannosylation profile of E-cadherin is a newly-described post-translational modification crucial for its adhesive functions in homeostasis. However, the role of O-mannosyl glycans in E-cadherin-mediated cell adhesion in cancer and their interplay with N-glycans remains largely unknown. We herein demonstrated that human gastric carcinomas exhibiting a non-functional E-cadherin display a reduced expression of O-mannosyl glycans concomitantly with increased modification with branched complex N-glycans...
August 12, 2016: Oncotarget
Y-X Jiang, S-W Yang, P-A Li, X Luo, Z-Y Li, Y-X Hao, P-W Yu
Postoperative recurrence and metastasis have crucial roles in the poor prognosis of gastric cancer patients. Previous studies have indicated that gastric cancer originates from cancer stem cells (CSCs), and some investigators have found that a particular subset of CSCs possesses higher metastatic capacity. However, the specific mechanism remains uncertain. In the present study, we aimed to explore the biological functions of the inflammatory cytokine interleukin-17 (IL-17) in gastric cancer metastasis and the distinct IL-17-induced transformation of quiescent gastric CSCs...
August 15, 2016: Oncogene
María López, Cristina Cervera-Acedo, Paula Santibáñez, Raquel Salazar, Jesús-Javier Sola, Elena Domínguez-Garrido
Hereditary diffuse gastric cancer (HDGC) is an inherited form of diffuse type gastric cancer. Germline CDH1 mutations have been identified in approximately 15-50 % of affected kindred that meet the clinical criteria for HDGC. If any of the criteria is met the individual is referred to genetic counseling and CDH1 testing is offered. In this report we present the case of a Spanish family with HDGC harboring a novel CDH1 mutation. A 47 year-old female with a diagnostic of gastric adenocarcinoma and some of her relatives were tested...
2016: SpringerPlus
Song Wei, Linjun Wang, Lei Zhang, Bowen Li, Zheng Li, Qun Zhang, Jiwei Wang, Liang Chen, Guangli Sun, Qing Li, Hao Xu, Diancai Zhang, Zekuan Xu
The zinc finger protein 143 (ZNF143) is a transcription factor, which regulates many cell cycle-associated genes. ZNF143 expressed strongly in multiple solid tumors. However, the influence of ZNF143 on gastric cancer (GC) remains largely unknown. In this study, we investigated the ZNF143 mRNA level in GC tissues and cells by quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR). The protein expression of ZNF143 in GC cells, and the signaling pathway proteins were detected by Western blotting. Transwell assay and wound healing assay were performed to explore the effects of ZNF143 for the migration ability of GC cells in vitro...
July 23, 2016: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
Wen-Jia Cao, Wen-Qi Du, Lin-Lin Mao, Jun-Nian Zheng, Dong-Sheng Pei
As a newly discovered tumor-specific gene, p42.3 is overexpressed in most of human gastric cancers (GC). However, the role of p42.3 in GC progression remains unclear. To assess the role of p42.3 in gastric cancers, immunohistochemistry and western blot were performed to detect the p42.3 expression in human GC tissues and cells. We also investigated the role of p42.3 in GC cell proliferation, migration, and invasion. Our results showed that the p42.3 expression was increased dramatically in human GC tissue and cells...
July 23, 2016: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
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