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e_cadherin expression of gastric cancer

Atsushi Kurata, Masatoshi Yamada, Shin-Ichiro Ohno, Shigeru Inoue, Hirotsugu Hashimoto, Koji Fujita, Masakatsu Takanashi, Masahiko Kuroda
Scirrhous type gastric cancer is characterized by diffuse infiltration of poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma cells and poor prognosis. Although association of poorly differentiated histology with reduction in E-cadherin expression, as well as association of microRNA (miR)-200c with E-cadherin through regulation of ZEB1/2, has been reported, participation of miR-200c in gastric carcinogenesis is not fully understood. We used 6 cell lines originating from gastric cancers, and investigated levels of miR-200c along with its target mRNAs ZEB1/2 and E-cadherin by qRT-PCR...
November 10, 2017: Oncology Reports
Laura Caggiari, Gianmaria Miolo, Vincenzo Canzonieri, Mariangela De Zorzi, Lara Alessandrini, Giuseppe Corona, Renato Cannizzaro, Davide Adriano Santeufemia, Antonio Cossu, Angela Buonadonna, Valli De Re
Germline mutations in CDH1, the gene coding for the E-cadherin adhesion protein, are known to cause hereditary diffuse gastric cancer. We identified a new truncating germline mutation (p.Asp538Thrfs*19) in exon 11 of the CDH1 gene in a 41-year-old male with a diffuse gastric cancer. Although he had no parental history of gastric cancer, the co-segregation study in the family detected the same mutation in his healthy 31-year-old brother. The mutation affects one of the extracellular repeat (CAD repeats) domains which is essential for the homophilic binding specificity that directs "E-cadherin" to bind with itself each others...
November 13, 2017: Cancer Biology & Therapy
Mengxin Lin, Jie Pan, Qiang Chen, Zongbin Xu, Xiaoyan Lin, Chunmei Shi
The lack of effective medical treatment for advanced stages of gastric cancer mainly contributes to the high mortality rate. The association of forkhead box protein A1 (FOXA1) with tumor progression has been reported in different human cancers. However, the function of FOXA1 in gastric cancer is largely unknown. In the present study, FOXA1 protein showed a significant reduction in gastric cancer samples comparing with matched control samples. In addition, the higher expression of FOXA1 in transcription level was observed in gastric cancer cell lines as compared with that in normal gastric cell line, while the contrary result was observed in protein level...
November 9, 2017: Gene
Jie Liu, Lanyu Liu, Jin-Xiang Wan, Ying Song
Recent studies have indicated that long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) play important regulatory roles in tumor development and progression. However, the contribution of small nucleolar RNA host gene 20 (SNHG20) to gastric cancer development remains largely unknown. The aim of the study is to investigate the functional significance of SNHG20 involved in gastric cancer (GC) progression. In the study, our results demonstrated that the expression levels of SNHG20 were remarkably up-regulated in GC cells. Functionally, SNHG20 promoted the GC MKN45 and BGC-823 cells proliferation and invasion...
October 6, 2017: Oncotarget
Jianqing Lin, Zhiyao Chen, Zhijun Huang, Feng Chen, Zeyi Ye, Shaoze Lin, Weidong Wang
As a unique member of the cadherin superfamily, T-cadherin (T-cad) has been demonstrated to be associated with gastric cancer (GC) prognosis. To elucidate the function of T-cad in GC in vitro, the present study firstly examined T-cad protein expression in normal and gastric cancer tissues and cell lines, and it was demonstrated to be significantly downregulated in gastric cancer samples compared with normal samples. Control and T-cad expression vectors were then transfected into the MGC8-03 and AGS GC cell lines...
November 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Hongke Cai, Xi Chen, Jianbo Zhang, Jijian Wang
18β-glycyrrhetinic acid (18β-GA) is a bioactive component of licorice root which exerts pharmacological activities including anti-inflammatory, antiviral, anti-oxidative and anti-cancer effects. The current study further investigated the molecular mechanisms associated with the inhibitory effects of 18β-GA on tumor metastasis in human gastric cancer cells. The results indicated that 18β-GA significantly reduced invasion and migration activities and suppressed MMP-2 and 9 activities on SGC-7901cells in a dose-dependent manner...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Natural Medicines
Youli Zhang, Dawei Wang, Meiting Zhang, Hong Wei, Ying Lu, Yaocheng Sun, Meng Zhou, Shuming Gu, Wen Feng, Huizhi Wang, Jian Zeng, Aihua Gong, Min Xu
Protein arginine methyltransferase 1 (PRMT1) is up-regulated and promotes migration, invasion and proliferation in wide range of cancers. However, we for the first time identify that PRMT1 promotes migration and invasion and inhibits proliferation in gastric cancer cells, a phenomenon called "migration-proliferation dichotomy". First, we find that PRMT1 overexpression promotes migration and invasion and inhibits proliferation,whereas PRMT1 knockdown reverses the above abilities. Next, PRMT1 reduces the expression of epithelial marker E-cadherin and increases the expression of mesenchymal markers including N-cadherin, Vimentin, snail and β-catenin in gastric cancer cells...
October 30, 2017: Experimental Cell Research
Yan Hong, Jun Shi, Zhijun Ge, Haorong Wu
Gastric cancer is the most common malignant tumor of the digestive system. The etiology of gastric cancer is complex, and susceptibility at the genetic level remains to be fully elucidated in genetic investigations. In the present study, mutations of the cell cycle checkpoint kinase 2 (CHEK2) gene and its association with gastric cancer were examined. Reverse transcription‑quantitative polymerase chain reaction technology was used to detect the expression of CHEK2 and it was found that the expression of CHEK2 was low in gastric cancer...
October 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
Jingjing Ma, Xufeng Guo, Jixiang Zhang, Dandan Wu, Xue Hu, Jiao Li, Qingzhi Lan, Ya Liu, Weiguo Dong
BACKGROUND: Abnormality of PTEN gene and Wnt/β-catenin signaling have been strongly implicated in various malignant cancers. Recently, it has been noted that a functional interaction/cross-talk was found between the PTEN/PI3K/AKT and Wnt/β-catenin, which plays a key role in the development of cancers. However, few related studies on gastric cancer are available. AIM: We examined the expression of PTEN and β-catenin in gastric cancer tissues and detected whether down-regulation of PTEN promotes the migration and invasion in gastric cancer cells along with its underlying mechanism...
October 13, 2017: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
Li Yang, Ming Cui, Liang Zhang, Lei Song
Forkhead box M1 (FOXM1) has been reported as a vital transcription factor in different human malignancies. To date, the mechanisms of FOXM1 in modulating the invasion and metastasis of gastric cancer cells have not been elucidated. In the present study, we found that overexpression of FOXM1 prompted cell migration and invasion of gastric cancer, and increased the expression of Cathepsin D (Cath-D). However, FOXM1 siRNA repressed cell migration and invasion, and also decreased the expression of Cath-D in gastric cancer cells...
September 15, 2017: Oncotarget
Wen-Ming Chen, Wei-Dong Chen, Xue-Mei Jiang, Xue-Feng Jia, Hong-Mei Wang, Qiu-Jie Zhang, Yong-Qian Shu, Hai-Bo Zhao
AIM: To clarify the mechanisms of HOX transcript antisense intergenic RNA (HOTAIR) in gastric cancer (GC) migration and invasion. METHODS: Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) was used to detect the expression level of HOTAIR in GC tissues. The correlation of its expression with clinicopathological features was analyzed. Area under receiver operating characteristic curve (AUCROC) was constructed to evaluate the diagnostic value of HOTAIR. Wound-healing assay and Transwell assay were performed to detect the biological effects of HOTAIR in GC cells...
September 7, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
Yaowu Cai, Maosong Zheng, Zhiqiang Zhao, Hanxing Huang, Wenda Fu, Xuefeng Xu
The present study investigated the correlations of the Tspan-1 gene expression with the clinical characteristics and survival prognoses of patients with advanced gastric cancer. A total of 150 patients with advanced gastric cancer were enrolled in the present study, of whom 84 were at stage II and 66 were at stage III according to the tumor node metastasis (TNM) staging; the immunohistochemical staining method and the semi-quantitative PCR method were used to detect the positive expression rates and mRNA relative expression levels of Tspan-1, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), E-cadherin and N-cadherin...
September 2017: Oncology Letters
Tao Ji, Fan Zhou, John Wang, Li Zi
This research aims to explore the potential risk factors of lymph node metastasis (LNM) for early gastric cancers in young patients.We retrospectively collected data from 4287 patients who underwent gastrectomy from January 2005 to December 2015 at Linyi People's Hospital. Of these, we enrolled 397 eligible consecutive patients who had early gastric cancer, then divided them into 2 groups according to age (≤40 years and >40 years). The association between the clinicopathological factors and LNM was analyzed by univariate and multivariate analysis...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
Jiahui Mao, Zhaofeng Liang, Bin Zhang, Huan Yang, Xia Li, Hailong Fu, Xu Zhang, Yongmin Yan, Wenrong Xu, Hui Qian
The deficiency or mutation of p53 has been linked to several types of cancers. The mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) is an important component in the tumor microenvironment, and exosomes secreted by MSCs can transfer bioactive molecules, including proteins and nucleic acid, to other cells in the tumor microenvironment to influence the progress of a tumor. However, whether the state of p53 in MSCs can impact the bioactive molecule secretion of exosomes to promote cancer progression and the regulatory mechanism remains elusive...
November 2017: Stem Cells
Yi Liu, Hui Chen, Peiming Zheng, Yingxia Zheng, Qin Luo, Guohua Xie, Yanhui Ma, Lisong Shen
BACKGROUND: ICG-001, a small molecule, binds CREB-binding protein (CBP) to disrupt its interaction with β-catenin and inhibits CBP function as a co-activator of Wnt/β-catenin-mediated transcription. Given its ability to inhibit Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway, ICG-001 has been used in some tumor types to exert its anticarcinogenic effect. Here, we examined ICG-001 and its potential role as a therapeutic in gastric cancer (GC). METHODS: The gastric cancer cell lines SGC-7901, MGC-803, BGC-823 and MKN-45 were used in vitro and in vivo...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Experimental & Clinical Cancer Research: CR
Zhila Torabizadeh, Anahita Nosrati, Seyedeh Neda Sajadi Saravi, Jamshid Yazdani Charati, Ghasem Janbabai
Background: Gastric cancer is one of the most common cancers in the world. There are many genomic and molecular factors that cause gastric cancer to occur. Also, many markers that associate with tumor invasiveness have been known. E-cadherin is a calcium- mediated cell adhesion molecule. In some studies, abnormal expression of E-cadherin has been seen in gastric carcinoma. However, in the studies done there has been some conflicting information about abnormal expression of this marker in a variety of gastric carcinoma and also about the expression of this marker and its correlation with various clinicopathologic factors of tumor...
April 1, 2017: International Journal of Hematology-oncology and Stem Cell Research
Dengyu Chen, Yifan Chu, Qingwei Zheng, Zhiben Xu, Ping Zhou, Sheng Li
Objective To down-regulate the expression of zinc-finger E-box binding homeobox 1 (ZEB1) gene by shRNA, and investigate its effect on invasion, migration and proliferation, as well as the related gene expressions of lncRNA HOTAIR and E-cadherin in human gastric cancer BGC823 cells. Methods RNA interfering (RNAi) was used to knock down ZEB1 in gastric cancer BGC823 cells. The recombinant plasmid shZEB1 was constructed and transfected into the gastric cancer BGC823 cells by Lipofectamine(TM) 2000, and the stably transfected cells were isolated by G418 selection and limited dilution...
August 2017: Xi Bao Yu Fen Zi Mian Yi Xue za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Cellular and Molecular Immunology
Shih-Ho Wang, Kuan-Lin Wang, Wen-Kai Yang, Tsung-Han Lee, Wan-Yu Lo, Jane-Dar Lee
BACKGROUND: Gastric adenocarcinoma originates from an abnormal epithelium. The aim of this study was to investigate the expression of sodium-potassium ATPase (NKA), a transmembrane protein located in the epithelium for Na+ and K+ transportation, and E-cadherin, which are both crucial for the epithelium and adherens junction, as potential gastric cancer biomarkers. METHODS: 45 patients diagnosed with gastric adenocarcinoma were recruited. Immunohistochemistry and immunofluorescence were conducted to for localization of NKA α1-, β1-isoform, and E-cadherin...
2017: PloS One
Wei-Jie Zhang, Cheng Chen, Zhi-Hua Zhou, Shan-Ting Gao, Teong Jin Tee, Liu-Qing Yang, Yuan-Yuan Xu, Tao-Hong Pang, Xin-Yun Xu, Qi Sun, Min Feng, Hao Wang, Chun-Lei Lu, Guo-Zhong Wu, Sheng Wu, Wen-Xian Guan, Gui-Fang Xu
Background: Hypoxia was a common feature for accelerating tumor metastasis by both inducting epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) of tumor cells and polarization of tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs). The association and roles between hypoxia, EMT and TAMs in the biological behavior of gastric cancer (GC) for the time being recurrence is unclear. Material and methods: hypoixa by expression of hypoxia-inducible factor-1 alpha (HIF-1α), polarized functional status of infiltrated TAMs by immunohistochemical staining of CD68 and CD163, and the expression of E-cadherin as EMT property had been evaluated in 236 patients consecutive with histologically confirmed GC...
2017: Journal of Cancer
Jin Li, Li Zhen, Yan Zhang, Liying Zhao, Hao Liu, Danxian Cai, Hao Chen, Jiang Yu, Xiaolong Qi, Guoxin Li
Circular RNAs are a large class of noncoding RNA that have shown huge capabilities as gene regulators. Recent evidence suggest that circular RNAs are associated with many diseases, especially cancer. However, little attention has been focused on the expression and function of circular RNA in gastric cancer (GC). In this study, we demonstrate that the expression of circ-104916 is downregulated in GC tissues and cell lines. A lower expression of circ-104916 appeared in deeper invasion depth, higher tumor stage and more frequent lymphatic metastasis patients...
2017: OncoTargets and Therapy
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