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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684240/external-laryngeal-nerve-landmarks-revisited
#1
Consuelo Ortega, Eva Maranillo, Steve McHanwell, Jose Sañudo, Teresa Vázquez-Osorio
BACKGROUND: Because external laryngeal nerve (ELN) iatrogenic damage is frequent during neck surgery, its precise localization has been highly recommended. This study analyzes the different surgical landmarks previously proposed and the anatomy of the collateral and terminal branches of the ELN. METHODS: The necks of 157 (77 men and 80 women) human adult embalmed cadavers were examined. The ELN origin, length, and relationship to different landmarks were recorded and results statistically compared with those previously reported...
April 23, 2018: Head & Neck
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682985/the-7-structures-distal-to-the-elbow-that-are-critical-to-successful-anterior-transposition-of-the-ulnar-nerve
#2
John M Felder, Susan E Mackinnon, Megan M Patterson
BACKGROUND: Ulnar nerve transposition (UNT) surgery is performed for the treatment of cubital tunnel syndrome. Improperly performed UNT can create iatrogenic pain and neuropathy. The aim of this study is to identify anatomical structures distal to the medial epicondyle that should be recognized by all surgeons performing UNT to prevent postoperative neuropathy. METHODS: Ten cadaveric specimens were dissected with attention to the ulnar nerve. Intramuscular UNT surgery was simulated in each...
April 1, 2018: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664831/design-of-mini-latissimus-dorsi-flap-based-on-thoracodorsal-vascular-patterns
#3
Ehab Mostafa Elzawawy, Melad Naim Kelada, Ahmed Farouk Al Karmouty
INTRODUCTION: Latissimus dorsi (LD) flap has been used for reconstructive purposes in oncoplastic breast surgery. Using large part of the muscle as a flap leads to a residual functional loss. Muscle sparing and mini LD flaps can be used with no functional sequelae. However, the design of such flap presents a challenge. METHODS: Twenty cadavers were dissected on both sides to identify the different vascular patterns of the thoracodorsal (TD) pedicle. The vessels were counted, and the following measurements were taken: diameter, length, distance from inferior angel of scapula, and vertebral level...
April 17, 2018: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664183/posterior-tibial-perforators-relationship-with-superficial-nerves-and-veins-a-cadaver-study
#4
Antonio Bulla, Alberto Bolletta, Luca Fiorot, Matteo Maffei, Pasquale Bandiera, Vincent Casoli, Andrea Montella, Gian Vittorio Campus
BACKGROUND: Most authors have evaluated the location of lower leg arterial perforators, but little is still known about the relationship between the arterial network and great saphenous vein (GSV) and saphenous nerve (SN). The aim of this study is to evaluate the relationship between the arterial network of the posterior tibial artery perforators, the cutaneous nerves, and the superficial venous system in the lower one third of the leg. METHODS: Eighteen lower limbs from cadavers were used for this study...
April 17, 2018: Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663677/the-carotid-sinus-nerve-structure-function-and-clinical-implications
#5
Andrea Porzionato, Veronica Macchi, Carla Stecco, Raffaele De Caro
Interest has been renewed in the anatomy and physiology of the carotid sinus nerve (CSN) and its targets (carotid sinus and carotid body), due to recent proposals of surgical procedures for a series of common pathologies, such as carotid sinus syndrome, hypertension, heart failure and insulin resistance. The CSN originates from the glossopharyngeal nerve soon after its appearance from the jugular foramen. It shows frequent communications with the sympathetic trunk (usually at the level of the superior cervical ganglion) and the vagal nerve (main trunk, pharyngeal branches or superior laryngeal nerve)...
April 16, 2018: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656968/anatomical-features-of-the-descending-genicular-artery-to-facilitate-surgical-exposure-for-the-subvastus-approach-a-cadaveric-study
#6
Yuya Kawarai, Junichi Nakamura, Takane Suzuki, Shigeo Hagiwara, Michiaki Miura, Seiji Ohtori
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this cadaveric study was to clarify the proximal limit for the subvastus approach (SVA) in total knee arthroplasty to decrease potential vascular injury. METHODS: Seventy embalmed knees underwent a modified SVA using a 14-cm oblique medial incision. Anatomical features of the descending genicular artery (DGA) were investigated with regard to variation, distance of the vessels from surgical landmarks, and sex differences. RESULTS: The DGA was identified in 62 knees (89%), while it was absent in 8 knees (11%); in the latter, the articular, saphenous, and muscular branches arose separately from the femoral artery...
March 27, 2018: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656688/sensory-preservation-in-neck-dissection-outcomes-of-a-sub-sternocleidomastoid-approach
#7
Keigo Honda, Ryo Asato, Jun Tsuji, Masakazu Miyazaki, Shinpei Kada, Yukiko Kataoka, Akiko Taura, Mami Morita
OBJECTIVE: Cutaneous anesthesia in early postoperative period is common after neck dissection even if the cervical nerve (CN) rootlets are preserved. The aim of this study was to evaluate if the preservation of the terminal branches of CNs using sub-sternocleidomastoid (SCM) approach combined with medially placed skin incision can prevent early postoperative anesthesia. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed on 129 neck dissections in 87 head and neck cancer patients...
April 14, 2018: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655665/descending-genicular-artery-branching-patterns-and-measuring-parameters-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-several-anatomical-studies
#8
REVIEW
Thomas Ziegler, Lars-Peter Kamolz, Anna Vasilyeva, Michael Schintler, Maximilian Neuwirth, Daryousch Parvizi
BACKGROUND: The medial femoral condyle (MFC) flap is based on the descending genicular artery (DGA), which is a vessel with different variations in its course and branching patterns. Many studies have dealt with the vascular anatomy of the MFC. However, the results of the investigations differ markedly. METHODS: The authors performed a systematic literature search in MEDLINE for articles published until May 2017 on the vascular anatomy of the DGA. After the screening, 23 relevant studies with a similar topic were included into this comprehensive analysis...
March 28, 2018: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651567/the-origin-of-the-medial-femoral-circumflex-artery-lateral-femoral-circumflex-artery-and-obturator-artery
#9
REVIEW
M Zlotorowicz, M Czubak-Wrzosek, P Wrzosek, J Czubak
INTRODUCTION: The most significant blood vessel supplying the hip joint is the medial femoral circumflex artery (MFCA). MFCA with lateral femoral circumflex artery (LFCA) are the first branches of the deep femoral artery (DFA) or they originate directly from the common femoral artery (CFA) or superficial femoral artery (SFA). PURPOSE AND METHODS: We analyzed 100 CT angiogram of the hip region [72 men, 28 women; mean age 46.4 (14-80)] to assess the frequency of each type of division of the MFCA and LFCA from either the DFA or directly from the CFA or SFA...
April 12, 2018: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649061/anatomical-consideration-for-the-safe-elevation-of-the-deep-circumflex-iliac-artery-in-the-flap-surgery
#10
Kang-Jae Shin, Shin-Hyo Lee, Ki-Seok Koh, Wu-Chul Song
BACKGROUND: Deep circumflex iliac artery (DCIA) osteocutaneous flap transfer was frequently applied to large defects in the maxillary and mandible regions, but the utilization rate has gradually decreased due to the complicated anatomy of the DCIA. This study investigated the comprehensive anatomy of the DCIA in relation to flap surgery with the aim of providing navigational guidelines for safe DCIA harvesting. METHODS: Sixty-two sides of the hemiabdominal wall were dissected in fixed Korean cadavers...
March 29, 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644112/unusual-bilateral-sensory-innervation-of-the-dorsum-of-hand-by-lateral-antebrachial-cutaneous-nerve-a-case-report
#11
Neha, Hare Krishna
A 68-year-old male cadaver showed bilateral variation in the sensory innervation of the dorsum of hand. On the dorsum of right hand, first digit and lateral half of second digit were supplied by lateral antebrachial cutaneous nerve (LABCN); medial side of second digit and lateral side of third digit were supplied by superficial branch of radial nerve (SBRN) and medial side of third digit, the fourth and fifth digits were supplied by dorsal cutaneous branch of ulnar nerve (DBUN). On the dorsum of the left hand, lateral side of first digit was supplied by LABCN, medial side of first digit, the second and third digits as well as the lateral side of fourth digit were supplied by SBRN; medial side of fourth digit and fifth digit were supplied by DBUN...
March 2018: Anatomy & Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627135/plantar-fascia-release-through-a-single-lateral-incision-in-the-operative-management-of-a-cavovarus-foot-a-cadaver-model-analysis-of-the-operative-technique
#12
Eric M Kiskaddon, Brett D Meeks, Joseph G Roberts, Richard T Laughlin
Plantar fascia release and calcaneal slide osteotomy are often components of the surgical management for cavovarus deformities of the foot. In this setting, plantar fascia release has traditionally been performed through an incision over the medial calcaneal tuberosity, and the calcaneal osteotomy through a lateral incision. Two separate incisions can potentially increase the operative time and morbidity. The purpose of the present study was threefold: to describe the operative technique, use cadaveric dissection to analyze whether a full release of the plantar fascia was possible through the lateral incision, and examine the proximity of the medial neurovascular structures to both the plantar fascia release and calcaneal slide osteotomy when performed together...
April 4, 2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611830/cervicogenic-dizziness-successfully-treated-with-upper-cervical-medial-branch-nerve-radiofrequency-ablation-a-case-report
#13
Xiaoying Zhu, Michael J Grover
Cervicogenic dizziness is a sensation of disequilibrium caused by abnormal afferent activity from the neck. Its diagnosis and treatment are challenging. In a case of cervicogenic dizziness, we performed diagnostic upper cervical medial branch nerve blocks with near complete symptomatic relief for around 20 hours. Radiofrequency ablation of these nerves resulted in near complete relief for 7 months. Subsequent repeat ablations provided the same relief lasting for 6-10 months. This case suggests that upper cervical medial branch block can serve as a diagnostic test for cervicogenic dizziness, and radiofrequency ablation of these nerves might be an effective treatment...
March 15, 2018: A&A practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595648/clinical-application-of-the-sinus-tarsi-approach-in-the-treatment-of-intra-articular-calcaneal-fracture
#14
Qingting Meng, Qingxian Wang, Xirui Wu, Aqin Peng, Jincheng Yan
To observe the clinical outcome of the sinus tarsi approach in the operative treatment of intra-articular calcaneal fractures.Forty-nine intra-articular calcaneal fractures in 45 patients were managed surgically with sinus tarsi approach. The anatomical plate and compression bolts were applied in 14 feet. The anatomical plate and screws were applied in 35 feet. Maryland foot score system was used to evaluate the function of the hindfoot at the followup.The reduction of the posterior facet was graded as nearly anatomical (less than 2 mm articular displacement) in 46 feet (93...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577213/-key-vessels-assessment-and-operation-highlights-in-laparoscopic-extended-right-hemicolectomy
#15
Hao Wang, Quanquan Zhao
Laparoscopic radical colectomies have been more widely used gradually, among which laparoscopic extended right hemicolectomy is considered as the most difficult procedure. The difficulty of extended right hemicolectomy lies in the need to dissect lymph nodes along the superior mesenteric vein (SMV) and disconnect numerous and possible aberrant vessels. To address this problem, we emphasize two points in key vessel assessment: getting familiar with the anatomy along the medial-to-lateral approach and having a good understanding about the preoperative imaging presentations...
March 25, 2018: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575166/anatomy-of-medial-plantar-superficial-branch-artery-perforators-facilitation-of-medial-plantar-superficial-branch-artery-perforator-mpap-flap-harvesting-and-design-for-finger-pulp-reconstruction
#16
Suphalerk Lohasammakul, Chairat Turbpaiboon, Kongkrit Chaiyasate, Parin Tatsanavivat, Supin Chompoopong, Ali Roham, Rosarin Ratanalekha, Chongdee Aojanepong
BACKGROUND: Medial plantar artery perforator (MPAP) flap was proposed as proper option for finger pulp reconstruction. To provide the previously unavailable vessel information required for this small flap design, this study aimed to gather all necessary anatomy of MPA, MPAP, and their territories of blood supply to apply in clinical MPAP flap reconstruction minimizing perforator injury. METHODS: Dissection of 30 Thai cadaveric feet for visualizing superficial branch of MPA and its perforators (MPAP) using acrylic dye cannulation were performed...
March 25, 2018: Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29570519/cystic-progression-of-a-cavernous-malformation-at-the-level-of-the-trigeminal-root-entry-zone-presenting-with-sudden-onset-of-trigeminal-neuralgia
#17
Carlo Giacobbo Scavo, Raffaelino Roperto, Guglielmo Cacciotti, Luciano Mastronardi
BACKGROUND: Cavernous malformations (CM) in the cerebellopontine angle (CPA) are rare, and most of them are solid and extend from the internal auditory canal into the CPA. In contrast, cystic CM arising in the CPA and not involving the internal auditory canal and dura of the skull base are extremely rare. The authors present an uncommon large cystic progression of a cavernous malformation at the level of the trigeminal root entry zone evolving to severe trigeminal neuralgia and brainstem compression...
March 22, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564634/-lumbar-ct-guided-radiofrequency-ablation-of-the-medial-branch-of-the-dorsal-ramus-of-the-spinal-nerve-anatomic-study-and-description-of-a-new-technique
#18
G C Feigl, C Mattersberger, W Rosmarin, R Likar, C Avila González
BACKGROUND: The success of radiofrequency ablation (RF) of the medial branch of the dorsal ramus in patients with facet joint pain depends on the effective coagulation distance. To date, computed tomography(CT)-guided techniques do not reach the nerve in parallel but rather than punctually. We report a new CT-guided technique to enhance parallelism and proximity of the RF needle to the nerve. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two examiners with different experience with CT-guided procedures in corpses performed all punctures at the lumbar spine on 10 corpses...
March 21, 2018: Der Schmerz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564599/morphological-properties-of-medial-amygdala-projecting-retinal-ganglion-cells-in-the-mongolian-gerbil
#19
Liju Luan, Chaoran Ren, Wenyao Wang, Yan Nan, Jie Gao, Mingliang Pu
The amygdala is a limbic structure that is involved in many brain functions, including emotion, learning and memory. It has been reported that melanopsin-expressing retinal ganglion cells (ipRGCs) innervate the medial amygdala (MeA). However, whether conventional RGCs (cRGCs) project to the MeA remains unknown. The goal of this study was to determine if cRGCs project to the MeA and to determine the morphological properties of MeA-projecting RGCs (MeA-RGCs). Retrogradely labeled RGCs in whole-mount retinas were intracellularly injected to reveal their dendritic morphologies...
March 19, 2018: Science China. Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558244/a-novel-approach-to-identifying-the-spinal-accessory-nerve-in-surgical-neck-dissection
#20
Michael James Eastwood, And Ajith Paulose George
Intraoperative identification of the spinal accessory nerve (SAN) is key in reducing nerve injury. This study aims to explore the surgical anatomy of the SAN and 2 landmarks for its identification-the sternocleidomastoid branch of the occipital artery (SBOA) and superior sternocleidomastoid tendon (SST)-to propose a novel method of identifying the SAN during surgical neck dissections. Twelve cadavers underwent bilateral level II-V neck dissection identifying the SAN, SBOA, and SST. Variation was documented and distance between landmarks and the SAN measured...
March 1, 2018: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
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