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sportive diet

Jean-Jacques Monsuez, Tai Pham, Nicole Karam, Laurence Amar, Corinne Chicheportiche-Ayache, Philippe Menasché, Michel Desnos, Paul Dardel, Isabelle Weill
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular risk factors (CVRFs) self-perception by women may be inaccurate. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A questionnaire was completed anonymously Online by women who self-reported their personal CVRF levels including age, weight, contraceptive use, menopausal status, smoking, diet and physical activities. Self-perceived risk was matched to actual cardiovascular risk according to the Framingham score. RESULTS: Among 5,240 young and middle-aged women with a high educational level, knowledge of personal CVRFs increased with age, from 51-90% for blood pressure (BP), 22-45% for blood glucose and 15-47% for blood cholesterol levels, between 30 and 65 years, respectively...
September 2017: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
Morgane Robles, Camille Gautier, Luis Mendoza, Pauline Peugnet, Cédric Dubois, Michèle Dahirel, Jean-Philippe Lejeune, Isabelle Caudron, Isabelle Guenon, Sylvaine Camous, Anne Tarrade, Laurence Wimel, Didier Serteyn, Hélène Bouraima-Lelong, Pascale Chavatte-Palmer
INTRODUCTION: Pregnant mares and post-weaning foals are often fed concentrates rich in soluble carbohydrates, together with forage. Recent studies suggest that the use of concentrates is linked to alterations of metabolism and the development of osteochondrosis in foals. The aim of this study was to determine if broodmare diet during gestation affects metabolism, osteoarticular status and growth of yearlings overfed from 20 to 24 months of age and/or sexual maturity in prepubertal colts...
2017: PloS One
Iris Dröscher, Jessica M Rothman, Jörg U Ganzhorn, Peter M Kappeler
OBJECTIVES: Small-bodied folivores are rare because processing leaves often requires extensive gut adaptations and lengthy retention times for fiber fermentation. However, the <1 kg nocturnal white-footed sportive lemurs (Lepilemur leucopus) persist on a leaf-based diet. We investigated how extrinsic (i.e., seasonality in temperature and food availability) and intrinsic factors (i.e., reproductive state) influence nutrient intake and explored how nutrient and energy needs are met in this species...
June 2016: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
Iris Dröscher, Peter M Kappeler
Group-living folivorous primates can experience competition for food, and feeding competition has also been documented for solitarily foraging gummivorous and omnivorous primates. However, little is known about the types and consequences of feeding competition in solitary folivorous foragers. We conducted this study in the spiny forest of Berenty Reserve, southern Madagascar, to characterize the competitive regime of the nocturnal solitarily foraging white-footed sportive lemur (Lepilemur leucopus), a species that lives in dispersed pairs...
September 2014: American Journal of Primatology
Andrea A Conti
Doping in sports is the use of forbidden techniques and/or the assumption of prohibited substances by athletes in order to increase physical performances. The origin of the word doping is today still discussed; however some sources indicate that an African tribe, the Kaffirs, gave the name of "dop" to a beverage that was largely consumed in religious ceremonies as a stimulant drink. Diet modifications were among the most widely used procedures to increase physical performance in sports in the classical world...
2010: Medicina Nei Secoli
J L Sánchez-Benito, E Sánchez Soriano
UNLABELLED: The purpose was to determine whether 34 young Spanish males belonging to a cyclist team, follows the optimal macronutrients intake based on the recommended dietary guidelines. The deficits in nutrition jeopardise the sportive performances, but what about the diets with excessive intake of macronutrients? Furthermore, is there an association between their sports achievements and the psychological profile? Surely, but the problem is to determine which psychological variables are involved...
July 2007: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
A X Bigard, N Koulmann
The physical load increase during training can lead to the development of clinical patterns of intolerance differing according to their severity, prognosis and reversibility. However, they always include fatigue as a key symptom. The aim of this paper is to review recent data on fatigue states in sportsmen, their clinical presentation and diagnostic orientations. A continuum exists, from acute fatigue states after one or several highly-intensive training sessions, to overreaching, associated to performances alteration which can be easily reversed, and to overtraining, representing a severe clinical pattern which can hardly be reversed...
November 2006: Archives des Maladies du Coeur et des Vaisseaux
Maria Gisele dos Santos, Jose Manuel González de Suso, Angel Moreno, Miquel Cabanas, Carles Arus
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to characterize the muscular reservoirs of phosphorilated energetic components of athletes using 31P-MRS. METHODS: The sample was formed by 14 elite athletes from the Center for High Sportive Performance (CAR, Sant Cugat del Vallés, Spain). The pattern of the phosphorilated metabolites was measured from the muscle vastus medialis by 31P-MRS. Oral supplementation of 20 g of Creatine monohydrate was given during 14 days. Two groups of athletes were formed according to their physical characteristics (weight, height, body mass index, maximum O2 uptake)...
April 2004: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
H P Brunner-La Rocca, B Marti
In this study a questionnaire has been sent to 118 male patients about 21 months after the first myocardial infarction. The patients in question have suffered a first acute myocardial infarction in the second half-year of 1987 and have been hospitalized in ten different clinics around Zurich. 80 (72%) of the patients not older than 62 years have answered; 4 patients died. The results indicate that the treatment by the general practitioner has been assessed mostly positively; 63.7% of the patients were very content with the care provided by their general practitioner, 32...
December 7, 1993: Schweizerische Rundschau Für Medizin Praxis, Revue Suisse de Médecine Praxis
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