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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724345/phylogeny-morphology-and-toxicity-of-benthic-dinoflagellates-of-the-genus-fukuyoa-goniodomataceae-dinophyceae-from-a-subtropical-reef-ecosystem-in-the-south-china-sea
#1
Priscilla T Y Leung, Meng Yan, Veronica T T Lam, Sam K F Yiu, Chia-Yun Chen, J Sam Murray, D Tim Harwood, Lesley L Rhodes, Paul K S Lam, Tak-Cheung Wai
Species of Fukuyoa, recently revised from the globular Gambierdiscus, are toxic benthic dinoflagellates associated with ciguatera. In this study, a total of ten strains of Fukuyoa collected from Hong Kong waters were characterized using morphological and phylogenetic analyses. Results from both analyses showed that one of the strains is a putative new species, namely Fukuyoa sp. HK Type 1 (plate formula Po, 3', 7″, 6c, 7s, 5‴, 1p and 2'‴ with a distinctive small and narrow cell shape, narrow Po plate, high Po pore density, large and broad Plate 1' but small and round Po pore size, small and narrow Plate 2', long and narrow Plates 2'‴ and 1p), and the others were F...
April 2018: Harmful Algae
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29714134/medicinal-chemistry-of-potassium-channel-modulators-an-update-of-recent-progress-2011-2017
#2
Vivek K Vyas, Palak Parikh, Jonali Ramani, Manjunath Ghate
BACKGROUND: Potassium (K+) channels participate in many physiological processes, cardiac function, cell proliferation, neuronal signaling, muscle contractility, immune function, hormone secretion, osmotic pressure, changes in gene expression, and are involved in critical biological functions, and in a variety of diseases. Potassium channels represent a large family of tetrameric membrane proteins. Potassium channels activation reduces excitability, whereas channel inhibition increases excitability...
April 30, 2018: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614209/plant-potassium-nutrition-in-ectomycorrhizal-symbiosis-properties-and-roles-of-the-three-fungal-tok-potassium-channels-in-hebeloma-cylindrosporum
#3
Carmen Guerrero-Galán, Amandine Delteil, Kevin Garcia, Gabriella Houdinet, Genevieve Conéjéro, Isabelle Gaillard, Hervé Sentenac, Sabine D Zimmermann
Ectomycorrhizal fungi play an essential role in the ecology of boreal and temperate forests through the improvement of tree mineral nutrition. Potassium (K+ ) is an essential nutrient for plants and is needed in high amounts. We recently demonstrated that the ectomycorrhizal fungus Hebeloma cylindrosporum improves the K+ nutrition of Pinus pinaster under shortage conditions. Part of the transport systems involved in K+ uptake by the fungus has been deciphered, while the molecular players responsible for the transfer of this cation towards the plant remain totally unknown...
April 3, 2018: Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575515/conserved-structural-features-anchor-biofilm-associated-rtx-adhesins-to-the-outer-membrane-of-bacteria
#4
Shuaiqi Guo, David N Langelaan, Sean W Phippen, Steven P Smith, Ilja K Voets, Peter L Davies
Repeats-In-Toxin (RTX) adhesins are present in many Gram-negative bacteria to facilitate biofilm formation. Previously, we reported that the 1.5-MDa RTX adhesin (MpIBP) from the Antarctic bacterium, Marinomonas primoryensis, is tethered to the bacterial cell surface via its N-terminal Region I (RI). Here, we show the detailed structural features of RI. It has an N-terminal periplasmic retention domain (RIN), a central domain (RIM) that can insert into the β-barrel of an outer-membrane pore protein during MpIBP secretion, and three extracellular domains at its C terminus (RIC) that transition the protein into the extender region (RII)...
March 25, 2018: FEBS Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573580/boosting-orr-catalytic-activity-by-integrating-pyridine-n-dopants-high-degree-of-graphitization-and-hierarchical-pores-into-a-mof-derived-n-doped-carbon-via-a-tandem-synthesis
#5
Dandan Liu, Liangjun Li, Huanfei Xu, Pengcheng Dai, Ying Wang, Xin Gu, Liting Yan, Guoming Zhao, Xuebo Zhao
N-doped carbon material represents a promising metal-free electrocatalysts for oxygen reduction reaction (ORR), the cathode reaction in fuel cells or metal-air batteries, etc. A challenge for optimizing ORR catalytic activities of these electrocatalysts is to tune their local structures and chemical compositions in a rational and controlled way that can achieve synergistic function of each factor. Herein, we report a tandem synthetic strategy which integrates multiple contributing factors into an N-doped carbon...
March 24, 2018: Chemistry, An Asian Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29400460/engineering-a-zirconium-mof-through-tandem-click-reactions-a-general-strategy-for-quantitative-loading-of-bifunctional-groups-on-the-pore-surface
#6
Yingfan Zhang, Bo Gui, Rufan Chen, Guiping Hu, Yi Meng, Daqiang Yuan, Matthias Zeller, Cheng Wang
Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) assembled from linkers of identical length but with different functional groups have gained increasing interests recently. However, it is very challenging for precise control of the ratios of different functionalities. Herein, we reported a stable azide- and alkyne-appended Zr-MOF that can undergo quantitative tandem click reactions on the different functional sites, thus providing a unique platform for quantitative loading of bifunctional moieties. As an added advantage, the same MOF product can be obtained via two independent routes...
February 19, 2018: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295556/emerging-roles-of-twik-1-heterodimerization-in-the-brain
#7
REVIEW
Chang-Hoon Cho, Eun Mi Hwang, Jae-Yong Park
Two-pore domain K⁺ (K2P) channels play essential roles in regulating resting membrane potential and cellular excitability. Although TWIK-1 (TWIK-tandem of pore domains in a weak inward rectifying K ⁺ channel) was the first identified member of the K2P channel family, it is only in recent years that the physiological roles of TWIK-1 have been studied in depth. A series of reports suggest that TWIK-1 may underlie diverse functions, such as intrinsic excitability of neurons, astrocytic passive conductance, and astrocytic glutamate release, as a homodimer or heterodimer with other K2P isotypes...
December 24, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280297/hypercrosslinked-particles-for-the-extraction-of-sweeteners-using-dispersive-solid-phase-extrction-from-environmental-samples
#8
Sameer S Lakade, Qing Zhou, Aimin Li, Francesc Borrull, Núria Fontanals, Rosa M Marcé
This work presents a new extraction material, namely, Q-100, based on hypercrosslinked magnetic particles, which was tested in dispersive solid-phase extraction for a group of sweeteners from environmental samples. The hypercrosslinked Q-100 magnetic particles had the advantage of suitable pore size distribution and high surface area, and showed good retention behavior towards sweeteners. Different dispersive solid-phase extraction parameters such as amount of magnetic particles or extraction time were optimized...
December 26, 2017: Journal of Separation Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156592/activation-of-trek-1-but-not-trek-2-channel-by-mood-stabilizers
#9
Eun-Jin Kim, Dong Kun Lee, Seong-Geun Hong, Jaehee Han, Dawon Kang
Earlier studies have demonstrated that the tandem pore domain weak inward rectifying K⁺ channel (TWIK)-related K⁺ (TREK)-1 channel is inhibited by antidepressants and is associated with major depression. However, little is known about the effect of mood stabilizers that are commonly used for treatment of bipolar disorder on TREK channels, members of the two-pore domain K⁺ (K2P ) channel family. This study sought to investigate the effect of mood stabilizers on TREK-1 and TREK-2 channels. HEK-293A cells were transfected with human TREK-1 or TREK-2 DNA...
November 19, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150449/-claudin-10-isoform-expression-and-cation-selectivity-change-with-salinity-in-salt-secreting-epithelia-of-fundulus-heteroclitus
#10
William S Marshall, Jason P Breves, Ellen M Doohan, Christian K Tipsmark, Scott P Kelly, George N Robertson, Patricia M Schulte
To provide insight into claudin (Cldn) tight junction (TJ) protein contributions to branchial salt secretion in marine teleost fishes, this study examined cldn-10 TJ protein isoforms of a euryhaline teleost (mummichog; Fundulus heteroclitus ) in association with salinity change and measurements of transepithelial cation selectivity. Mummichogs were transferred from freshwater (FW) to seawater (SW, 35‰) and from SW to hypersaline SW (2SW, 60‰) in a time course with transfer control groups (FW to FW, and SW to SW)...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106043/synthesis-and-application-of-a-novel-solid-phase-extraction-adsorbent-for-multiresidue-analysis-of-insecticides-in-water
#11
Jingjing Xiong, Huizhen Li, Xue Ma, Jing You
A new solid-phase adsorbent was synthesized for the simultaneous enrichment of multiple classes of trace insecticides (neonicotinoids, organophosphates, fiproles, and organochlorines) in water. The adsorbent was spherical with a diameter, surface area, average pore volume, and pore size of approximately 5 μm, 341 m2 /g, 0.092 m3 /g, and 2.22 nm, respectively. Extraction conditions were optimized, including water pH and the type and volume of the rinsing and eluting solvents. After extraction, target insecticides were analyzed by gas chromatography with mass spectrometry and high-performance liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry...
January 2018: Journal of Separation Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105862/co-cluster-based-metal-organic-frameworks-as-selective-catalysts-for-benzene-tandem-acylation-nazarov-cyclization-to-benzocyclopentanone
#12
Mengjia Liu, Kuan Gao, Yanru Fan, Xiaoqing Guo, Jie Wu, Xiangru Meng, Hongwei Hou
One-step selective benzene acylation-Nazarov cyclization is an attractive, yet challenging method for the synthesis of the benzocyclopentanone skeleton, which is key intermediate of many natural products. Herein, two metal-cluster-based metal-organic frameworks (MCOFs) {(H3 O)2 [Co4 (pbcd)2 (μ3 -OH)2 ]⋅CH3 CH2 OH⋅4 H2 O}n (1; pbcd=9,9'-(propan-1,3-diyl)bis(9H-carbazole-3,6-dicarboxylic acid) and {[Co5.25 (mcd)2 (HCO2 )(μ2 -O)0.5 (μ3 -OH)0.5 (H2 O)4 ]⋅6 H2 O⋅5 DMF}n (2; mcd=9,9'-methylenebis(9H-carbazole-3,6-dicarboxylic acid) were developed to catalyze a tandem Nazarov cyclization reaction of 1,3-dimethoxybenzene with α,β-unsaturated carboxylic acids for the synthesis of cyclopentenone[b]benzenes...
January 26, 2018: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016681/heterodimerization-of-two-pore-domain-k-channel-task1-and-talk2-in-living-heterologous-expression-systems
#13
Yoshiaki Suzuki, Kanako Tsutsumi, Tatsuya Miyamoto, Hisao Yamamura, Yuji Imaizumi
Two-pore-domain K+ (K2P) channels sense a wide variety of stimuli such as mechanical stress, inhalational anesthetics, and changes in extracellular pH or temperature. The K2P channel activity forms a background K+ current and, thereby, contributes to resting membrane potentials. Six subfamilies including fifteen subtypes of K2P channels have been identified. Each K2P channel molecule with two pores consists of a homodimer of each subtype. In addition, a few heterodimers mainly within the same subfamilies have been found recently...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970050/the-biology-of-mucus-composition-synthesis-and-organization
#14
REVIEW
Rama Bansil, Bradley S Turner
In this review we discuss mucus, the viscoelastic secretion from goblet or mucous producing cells that lines the epithelial surfaces of all organs exposed to the external world. Mucus is a complex aqueous fluid that owes its viscoelastic, lubricating and hydration properties to the glycoprotein mucin combined with electrolytes, lipids and other smaller proteins. Electron microscopy of mucosal surfaces reveals a highly convoluted surface with a network of fibers and pores of varying sizes. The major structural and functional component, mucin is a complex glycoprotein coded by about 20 mucin genes which produce a protein backbone having multiple tandem repeats of Serine, Threonine (ST repeats) where oligosaccharides are covalently O-linked...
January 15, 2018: Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863334/molecularly-imprinted-polymer-sol-gel-tablet-toward-micro-solid-phase-extraction-ii-determination-of-amphetamine-in-human-urine-samples-by-liquid-chromatography-tandem-mass-spectrometry
#15
Aziza El-Beqqali, Lars I Andersson, Amin Dadoun Jeppsson, Mohamed Abdel-Rehim
Amphetamine selective molecularly imprinted sol-gel polymer tablets, MIP-tablets, for solid-phase microextraction of biofluid samples were prepared. An acetonitrile solution of deuterated amphetamine template and silane precursor, 3-(propylmethacrylate) trimethoxysilane, was soaked into the pores of polyethylene tablet substrates and polymerized by an acid-catalysed sol-gel process. Application of the resultant MIP-tablets to extract amphetamine from human urine samples followed by LC-MS/MS analysis was investigated...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855917/peptidomic-analysis-of-the-venom-of-the-solitary-bee-xylocopa-appendiculata-circumvolans
#16
Kohei Kazuma, Kenji Ando, Ken-Ichi Nihei, Xiaoyu Wang, Marisa Rangel, Marcia Regina Franzolin, Kanami Mori-Yasumoto, Setsuko Sekita, Makoto Kadowaki, Motoyoshi Satake, Katsuhiro Konno
BACKGROUND: Among the hymenopteran insect venoms, those from social wasps and bees - such as honeybee, hornets and paper wasps - have been well documented. Their venoms are composed of a number of peptides and proteins and used for defending their nests and themselves from predators. In contrast, the venoms of solitary wasps and bees have not been the object of further research. In case of solitary bees, only major peptide components in a few venoms have been addressed. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to explore the peptide component profile of the venom from the solitary bee Xylocopa appendiculata circumvolans by peptidomic analysis with using LC-MS...
2017: Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins Including Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798962/structural-pathway-of-regulated-substrate-transfer-and-threading-through-an-hsp100-disaggregase
#17
Célia Deville, Marta Carroni, Kamila B Franke, Maya Topf, Bernd Bukau, Axel Mogk, Helen R Saibil
Refolding aggregated proteins is essential in combating cellular proteotoxic stress. Together with Hsp70, Hsp100 chaperones, including Escherichia coli ClpB, form a powerful disaggregation machine that threads aggregated polypeptides through the central pore of tandem adenosine triphosphatase (ATPase) rings. To visualize protein disaggregation, we determined cryo-electron microscopy structures of inactive and substrate-bound ClpB in the presence of adenosine 5'- O -(3-thiotriphosphate), revealing closed AAA+ rings with a pronounced seam...
August 2017: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714232/intermediate-product-regulation-in-tandem-solid-catalysts-with-multimodal-porosity-for-high-yield-synthetic-fuel-production
#18
Nicolas Duyckaerts, Mathias Bartsch, Ioan-Teodor Trotuş, Norbert Pfänder, Axel Lorke, Ferdi Schüth, Gonzalo Prieto
Tandem catalysis is an attractive strategy to intensify chemical technologies. However, simultaneous control over the individual and concerted catalyst performances poses a challenge. We demonstrate that enhanced pore transport within a Co/Al2 O3 Fischer-Tropsch (FT) catalyst with hierarchical porosity enables its tandem integration with a Pt/ZSM-5 zeolitic hydrotreating catalyst in a spatially distant fashion that allows for catalyst-specific temperature adjustment. Nevertheless, this system resembles the case of close active-site proximity by mitigating secondary reactions of primary FT α-olefin products...
September 11, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699173/porous-silicon-nanoparticle-delivery-of-tandem-peptide-anti-infectives-for-the-treatment-of-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-lung-infections
#19
Ester J Kwon, Matthew Skalak, Alessandro Bertucci, Gary Braun, Francesco Ricci, Erkki Ruoslahti, Michael J Sailor, Sangeeta N Bhatia
There is an urgent need for new materials to treat bacterial infections. In order to improve antibacterial delivery, an anti-infective nanomaterial is developed that utilizes two strategies for localization: i) a biodegradable nanoparticle carrier to localize therapeutics within the tissue, and ii) a novel tandem peptide cargo to localize payload to bacterial membranes. First, a library of antibacterial peptides is screened that combines a membrane-localizing peptide with a toxic peptide cargo and discovers a tandem peptide that displays synergy between the two domains and is able to kill Pseudomonas aeruginosa at sub-micromolar concentrations...
September 2017: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680078/3d-printed-silicones-with-shape-memory
#20
Amanda S Wu, Ward Small Iv, Taylor M Bryson, Emily Cheng, Thomas R Metz, Stephanie E Schulze, Eric B Duoss, Thomas S Wilson
Direct ink writing enables the layer-by-layer manufacture of ordered, porous structures whose mechanical behavior is driven by architecture and material properties. Here, we incorporate two different gas filled microsphere pore formers to evaluate the effect of shell stiffness and Tg on compressive behavior and compression set in siloxane matrix printed structures. The lower Tg microsphere structures exhibit substantial compression set when heated near and above Tg, with full structural recovery upon reheating without constraint...
July 5, 2017: Scientific Reports
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